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Ewies Ayman A A AA Department of Gynaecology, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Inadequate endometrial biopsy comprises a dilemma for gynaecologists and histopathologists alike. This study was conducted to assess the clinical merit of classifying scant endometrial biopsy into inadequate and unassessable using McCluggage criteria. We retrospectively classified 268 endometrial biopsies, initially reported as inadequate, into inadequate (n=74) and unassessable (n=174) using McCluggage ...
Miao X X Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Fuwai Hospital & National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease and the Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
Although fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is one of the most commonly used hemostatic agents in clinical specialties today, there is little evidence available supporting its administration. Our present study observed the effects of a priming strategy without FFP during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative coagulation and clinical recovery in pediatric ...
Mao Jun J Department of Cardiology, Center for Atrial Fibrillation, Beijing Anzhen Hospital & Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
-Previous studies have suggested that systematic ablation of ganglionated plexi (GP) could increase the short-term success rate of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation, but the long-term efficacy of this approach is not fully established. -Twenty-four mongrel dogs were divided into 3 groups: epicardial GP ablation group 1 (n = 8), ...
Zanghì Antonio A General Surgery and Senology Unit, "Policlinico - Vittorio Emanuele" Hospital, Department of Surgery, University of Catania Medical School, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, - - 2014
Since Kocher and Billroth refined an acceptable technique, the thyroidectomy has become one of the most frequent procedures in endocrine surgery and bilateral total thyroidectomy is performed in the majority of thyroid diseases. This work evaluated the use of the Harmonic(®) FOCUS and traditional suture ligation (knot and tie) technique ...
Kotecha Aachal - - 2014
To evaluate the reach-to-grasp performance of patients fitted with an epiretinal artifical retina device. This was a hospital-based case series consisting of six patients fitted with the Argus II (Second Sight Medical Products Inc, California, USA) retinal prosthesis. Participants were asked to reach out and pick up a high-contrast cuboid ...
Johnson Nigel R NR Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare bacterial load using preoperative rinsing and swabbing techniques for oral surgery with 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX). Participants were healthy volunteers undergoing a general anesthetic for the removal of teeth. Participants were randomly allocated to receive 15 mL of 0.2% CHX for 60 s as ...
Kumar G G Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Department of Peri-operative Medicine, University College London, London, - - 2014
With the popularity of ambulatory surgery ever increasing, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether the type of anaesthesia used had any bearing on patient outcomes. Total intravenous propofol anaesthesia was compared with two of the newer inhalational agents, sevoflurane and desflurane. In total, 18 trials ...
Chávez-Delgado Maria Estela ME Research Department, Instituto Jalisciense de Cirugía Reconstructiva "Dr. José Guerrerosantos", Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main postoperative complications after tonsillectomy are due to bleeding, and effective hemostasis may lead to a reduction of overall postoperative morbidity. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and safety of a novel kaolin-based hemostatic dressing in tonsillectomy. A pilot, single-blind, open label study was performed in patients ...
Shen Yaxing Y Division of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Anastomotic leakage remains a major complication following minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO). In this study, our objective was to determine whether a narrower gastric conduit would lead to lower incidence of anastomotic leakage following MIO. In this retrospective study, patients with oesophageal cancer undergoing MIO were assigned to receive 5-cm-wide gastric ...
Kubuš Peter P Children's Heart Centre, University Hospital Motol, V Úvalu 84, Prague 150 06, Czech Republic - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate long-term utilization and results of paediatric radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in a population-based study. Data from all three centres performing paediatric RFCA for the whole population of the Czech Republic between 1993 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 708 ablation procedures in 633 consecutive ...
Wang Bing B Department of Ophthalmology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare prospectively the surgical outcomes of different surgery procedures for convergence insufficiency (CI)-type intermittent exotropia (IXT) in children. Forty-five children with CI-type IXT were included in this prospective surgical study with 6 months follow-up. According to the different surgical procedures, all children were randomly divided into three groups: the ...
Dolu Hasan H Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, University Str., Şahinbey, 27310, Gaziantep, Turkey, - - 2014
Central venous cannulation is a commonly preformed procedure in many branches of medicine, particularly in anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. The purpose of this study was to compare the landmark-guided technique to the ultrasound-guided technique for internal jugular vein cannulation in cardiovascular surgery patients. One hundred cardiovascular surgery patients, of ...
Law Mark A MA Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
Ultrasound (US) is the standard of care for vascular access in many clinical scenarios. Limited data exist regarding the benefits of US- versus landmark (LM)-guided femoral vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. This study aimed to compare US- and LM-guided vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. A single ...
Jabłoński Sławomir S 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, General and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland - - 2014
Abstract Background: We report our experience with the surgical closure of late post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (PBF) using our own method of coverage of the bronchial stump: Pedicled pericardial flap in combination with fibrin glue. Methods: We reviewed the surgical results of 33 patients who underwent surgical closure of PBF by ...
Liebensteiner M C MC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to clarify whether driving abstinence should be recommended when patients are discharged from hospital after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We tested the hypotheses that there are differences in the peri-operative course of brake response time in patients undergoing right-sided (1) or left-sided (2) UKA. ...
van Loon Kim K From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Anesthesiology Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht; and †Casa Clinics Leiden, CASA Netherlands, the - - 2014
Propofol, a short-acting hypnotic drug, is increasingly administered by a diverse group of specialists (e.g., cardiologists, gastroenterologists) during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Standard monitoring during sedation comprises continuous pulse oximetry with visual assessment of the patient's breathing pattern. Because undetected hypoventilation is a common pathway for complications, capnographic monitoring of ...
Fallon Erica M EM Vascular Biology Program, Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The introduction of hepatoprotective strategies and multidisciplinary management has significantly improved the outcome of neonates with short bowel syndrome (SBS) who require parenteral nutrition (PN). OBJECTIVE To determine the probability of weaning from PN based on intestinal length in neonates with SBS amidst the new era of hepatoprotective strategies ...
Borle Anuradha Purshottam AP All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Anaesthesiology, New Delhi, India ; - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: A unilateral paravertebral (PVB) block with catheter can provide extendable analgesia without physiological changes. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of PVB bupivacaine for providing perioperative pain relief in adults undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) under general anaesthesia. Methods: Fifty ASA Grade I, II patients, ...
Karkera Megha M MM 1Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, AR; and 2Clinical Research Consultant, Little Rock, - - 2014
Caudal blocks are a significant and efficacious aspect of pediatric anesthesia, especially in urologic and many general surgery cases. This type of regional anesthesia is common because it has a high success rate and provides between 6 and 8 hours of postoperative pain control. The aim of this study was ...
Donec V V Rehabilitation Department, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania - - - 2014
The number of total knee replacements performed each year is increasing. Main problems impeding process of function recovery after these surgeries include postoperative edema, pain, lower limb muscle strength deficits, implying the need to seek for safe, effective postoperative rehabilitation modalities. To evaluate the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping® method in ...
Nam Ki-Tae KT Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate the optimal surgical dose for treating infantile exotropia. In this retrospective study, clinical records of 44 children who had undergone bilateral lateral rectus recessions before 4 years of age for an exotropia present before 12 months of age were studied. Children had 1 year of follow-up after surgery. Patients were separated ...
Mizuno Naoko N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Latarjet procedure is effective in managing anterior glenohumeral instability in the short term, but there is concern for postoperative arthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term functional outcome after the Latarjet procedure and to assess the prevalence of and risk factors for glenohumeral arthritis after ...
Peaceman Alan M AM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The objective of the article is to describe latency for patients with preterm premature membrane rupture (PPROM) between 240/7 and 316/7 weeks' gestation. Study Design Secondary analysis of data collected prospectively in a multicenter clinical trial of magnesium sulfate for cerebral palsy prevention. Women with PPROM and fewer than six contractions ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2014
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the treatment of choice for gallbladder lesions, but it is not a pain-free procedure. This study explored the pain relief provided by combined wound and intraperitoneal local anesthetic use for patients who are undergoing LC. Two-hundred and twenty consecutive patients undergoing LC were categorized into ...
Wutzler Alexander A Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the state-of-the-art treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Pulmonary vein reconnection is one of the main mechanisms of AF recurrence after ablation. Catheter-tissue contact is essential for effective ablation lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of catheter contact monitoring during PVI ...
Hongxin Li L Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both percutaneous and perventricular device closures of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PmVSDs) have drawbacks. This study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of peratrial device closure of a PmVSD using a probe-assisted delivery system. Seventy-three patients (peratrial group) were enrolled in this study. A 1.5- to 2.0-cm parasternal incision was ...
Burston Ben J BJ Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Oswestry, Shropshire, - - 2014
We prospectively followed 112 hips, undergoing THA with a Spectron EF stem. At mean follow-up of 11.2years, 21 patients had died. We obtained radiological follow-up in 99% and clinical follow-up in 100% of the surviving 91 hips. Fifty-four percent demonstrated osteolysis in at least one Gruen zone. Twenty-two hips required ...
Slaghekke Femke F Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Residual anastomoses after fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) may lead to severe postoperative complications, including recurrent TTTS and twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS). A novel technique (Solomon technique) using laser coagulation of the entire vascular equator was recently investigated in a randomized controlled trial (Solomon trial) and compared ...
Sauër Anne-Mette C AM From the Departments of *Anesthesiology, and †Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; and ‡Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bouve College, Northeastern University, Boston, - - 2014
Delirium is common after cardiac surgery and may be partly related to the systemic inflammatory response triggered by the surgery and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. We hypothesized that intraoperative administration of high-dose dexamethasone, a drug with potent anti-inflammatory effects, would reduce the incidence of delirium at any time point ...
Lee Byung Ho BH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Republic of - - 2014
Metastatic spinal disease requires a multidisciplinary approach with advanced surgical techniques which improve longevity and the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to compare the surgical outcomes and perioperative complications and mortality among en bloc, debulking, and palliative surgeries in patients with spinal metastasis. From 2005 to ...
Yang Lei L Department of Anaesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, - - 2014
Residual neuromuscular block is associated with serious postoperative complications. Some anaesthesiologists use neostigmine to reverse neuromuscular blockade for all paediatric surgical patients. However, the incidence of residual neuromuscular block may be lower in paediatric patients than in adults. The use of neostigmine has also caused complications, such as postoperative nausea, ...
Sugiyama Kazuna K Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8544, Japan, - - 2014
Epistaxis is a common complication of nasal intubation. Ease of insertion of the tracheal tube may be influenced by bevel orientation and tip bending. We examined ease of insertion and epistaxis with two tubes with different orientations and with or without a stylet to modify tip bending. Two hundred patients ...
Bar-Sela Shai M SM From the Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the long-term outcomes of triamcinolone acetonide-assisted anterior vitrectomy during complicated cataract surgery with vitreous loss. Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. Case series. Consecutive patients who had triamcinolone acetonide-assisted anterior vitrectomy for complicated cataract surgery with vitreous loss between January 2010 and January 2012 were studied. The ...
Moreno Maritzel A MA San Juan City Hospital, San Juan, Puerto - - 2014
In Puerto Rico the elective induction rate is as high as 37% and ranks in the third position of global reports for preterm birth rates with 16.7%. The objective of this study was to identify practice patterns, perceptions, and understanding of the Hard Stop Policy for limiting elective inductions before ...
Uribe Juan S JS Department of Neurosurgery and Brain Repair, University of South Florida, - - 2014
Object It is hypothesized that minimally invasive surgical techniques lead to fewer complications than open surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD). The goal of this study was to analyze matched patient cohorts in an attempt to isolate the impact of approach on adverse events. Methods Two multicenter databases queried for ...
Wang Michael Y MY University of Miami, Neurosurgery, Miami, - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) options for the treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD) have advanced significantly over the past decade. However, a wide array of options have been described as being MIS or less invasive. In this study the authors investigated a multiinstitutional cohort of patients with ASD who ...
Tjoumakaris Fotios Paul - - 2014
Arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a potentially devastating complication, resulting in loss of motion and function and residual pain. For patients in whom aggressive physical therapy and manipulation under anesthesia fail, lysis of adhesions may be the only option to rescue the stiff TKA. The purpose of this ...
Cengiz Pelin P Department of Anesthesiology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of intraoperative low-dose ketamine with general anesthesia on postoperative pain after total knee replacement surgery. Study Design: A randomized, double-blind comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from January and June 2011. Methodology: Sixty adults undergoing total knee ...
Khan Sher Akbar SA Department of Ophthalmology, LRBT Hospital, Akora - - 2014
Objective: To compare the efficacy of subtenon with peribulbar local anesthesia without hyaluronidase in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Study Design: A randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Eye "B" Unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, from October 2009 to October 2010. Methodology: Patients undergoing cataract surgery were divided into ...
Huerta Sergio S University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center/VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, - - 2014
Outcomes from emergent inguinal hernia (IH) repair in veteran octogenarians are not well described. We reviewed outcomes for this cohort from 2005 to 2012 at the VA North Texas Health Care System. There were 15 emergent (Group I) and 86 elective (Group II) operations performed in octogenarians. Age and American ...
Cobell William J WJ From the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, and the OSF Medical Group Gastroenterology, University of Illinois, - - 2014
Multiple studies have demonstrated that feeding ≤4 hours after placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is a reasonable option. Many physicians, however, continue to delay feedings until the next day or 24 hours; therefore, we evaluated the safety and effect of early feeding (≤4 hours) after PEG placement ...
Lin Sheng S Department of Anesthesiology, Yantai Shan Hospital, Yantai, Shandong 264001, P.R. China ; Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250001, P.R. - - 2014
This aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on the intraoperative monitoring of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) and motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) in patients undergoing spinal surgery. A total of 36 patients who received spinal surgery under general anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups (n=18 ...
Kahveci Kadriye K Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ulus State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
General anesthesia (GA) is the most commonly used anesthetic technique for spinal surgery. This study aimed to compare spinal anesthesia (SA) and GA in patients undergoing spinal surgery, in terms of perioperative outcome and cost effectiveness. The study included 80 patients with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status I-II. ...
Khanzada Mahtab Alam MA Dr. Mahtab Alam Khanzada MBBS, FCPS, Second Fellowship trainee (Vireo retina), Ophthalmology Unit I, Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
To assess impact of duration of macular detachment on visual outcome after scleral buckling for retinal detachment with macula off. Prospective, descriptive case series was conducted at Ophthalmology Department Dow University of Health Sciences, Civil Hospital Karachi and Al Noor Eye Clinic Karachi from May 2012 to June 2013. Five ...
Idehen H O HO Department of Anaesthesia, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, - - 2014
Many studies comparing different intravenous fluid types usually do not use equipotent volumes of three to one crystalloid to colloid ratio in such comparisons. Conflicting results emanate from such studies. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of equipotent volumes of colloid and crystalloid-colloid combination in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension ...
Afolayan J M JM Department of Anaesthesia, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, - - 2014
Profound side-effects following intrathecal use of local anesthetics as the sole drugs of choice make spinal anesthesia for open appendicectomy uncommon. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intra-operative analgesia produced by intrathecal tramadol and fentanyl during bupivacaine spinal anesthesia for open appendicectomy. A prospective randomized ...
Chen Qiang Q Department of Cardiac Surgery, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, - - 2014
To evaluate outcomes of the Glenn procedure with or without pulsatile antegrade pulmonary blood flow during palliation of patients with functionally single ventricles. The clinical records of 111 consecutive patients who underwent a bidirectional Glenn procedure for palliation of single ventricle morphologies at our institution between 1997 and 2010 were ...
Ma Jian J Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine , Hangzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate whether CS-g-MMCs conjugate (CSM) could be a new agent to prevent the post-operative fibrosis in a rabbit model of experimental glaucoma filtration surgery. Materials and methods: In a randomized, controlled, masked-observer study, 40 New Zealand White rabbits underwent trabeculectomy in ...
Iegami C M CM Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
One obstacle to placing artificial posterior teeth in manufacturing complete dentures is a reduction of the space between the maxilla and the mandible. Occasionally, second molar placement is not performed, as it does not affect aesthetics, phonetics or comfort. The aim of this study was to compare the masticatory efficiency ...
Li Hong-Tao HT Hong-Tao Li, Xiao-Peng Han, Lin Su, Wan-Kun Zhu, Wei Xu, Kun Li, Hong-Bin Liu, Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu Province, - - 2014
To investigate the short-term benefits of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy (LARG) and open radical gastrectomy (ORG) in patients with gastric cancer. A total of 400 patients with gastric cancer aged ≤ 65 years who were treated at General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region were enrolled. Among these, 200 patients underwent LARG ...
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