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Kargbo Ca C University of Southampton, Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, - - 2014
Neonatal transfer services provide babies with safe efficient transfers between neonatal units.(1) NICE recommends mobilisation times of 1 h1 hour for Time-Critical Emergencies (TCEs) and response times of 3.5 h from the start of referral calls.(1) NeTS Solent services were audited against NICE standards. Records of transfers between October and ...
Cheong Jinock J Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Compared to the stapling technique, the fold-over technique (FO) has the benefit of avoiding the sacrifice of the bowel segment. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes between the FO and a conventional resection. Between June 2008 and March 2012, a total of 242 patients who underwent ...
Merz Michael K MK Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL. - - 2014
Performing bilateral total knee arthroplasties (bTKAs), sequential or staged, is a topic of debate among surgeons. To our knowledge, no studies have compared computer-assisted surgery (CAS) and conventional (CON) procedures for sequential bTKAs. We retrospectively reviewed 124 (62 CAS, 62 CON) sequential bTKAs. CAS-bTKAs required significantly fewer blood transfusions (P ...
Mahmoodzadeh Habibollah H Cancer Institute, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Despite increasing trends toward the early initiation of oral feeding after gastrointestinal (GI) surgeries, current evidence has not been convincing. The present randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of early oral feeding (EOF) with late oral feeding (LOF) following surgery for upper GI tumors. One hundred and ...
Zeng Wei-Gen WG Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a longer interval between long-course neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery on surgical and oncologic outcome. A total of 233 consecutive patients with clinical stage II and III rectal cancer were divided into 2 groups according to the neoadjuvant-surgery interval: short-interval ...
Triviño Ana A Departamento de Cirugía Torácica, Hospital General de Albacete, Albacete, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has significantly developed over the last decade. However, a VATS approach for thymoma remains controversial. We present a study to evaluate the feasibility of VATS thymectomy for the treatment of early-stage thymoma and to compare the outcomes with open resection. A comparative study of 59 patients ...
Bell Richard R Department of Hepatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, St James University Hospital, Leeds, - - 2014
This meta-analysis was designed to systematically analyse all published studies comparing local anaesthetic infiltration with wound catheters and epidural catheters in open liver resection. A literature search was performed using the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, ...
Jabbarvand Mahmoud - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of MyoRing implantations (DIOPTEX GmbH, Linz, Austria) in patients with ectasia after LASIK. MyoRing implantation was performed in 15 eyes of 14 patients with ectasia after LASIK using a femtosecond laser. Uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity, refraction, keratometry, central corneal thickness, corneal biomechanical profile, and ...
Hyun Paul P a Postgraduate Orthodontic Resident, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the compliance of patients while wearing maxillary Hawley retainers embedded with SMART microsensors. Methods: The sample population consisted of 22 patients who were divided into an experimental (group A) and a control group (group B). Group A was informed that they would be monitored through the ...
Miao Xiaolei X Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Cardiovascular Institute, Fuwai Hospital and National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167, Bei Li Shi Road, Xi Cheng, 100037, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Transfusion guidelines have been produced for the evidence-based use of fresh frozen plasma (FFP). However, the inappropriate use of FFP is still a worldwide problem, especially in the prophylactic settings. In the present study, 100 cyanotic pediatric patients (age 6 months to 3 years) undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were ...
Alañón-Fernández Miguel Ángel MA Instituto Internacional de Vías Nasolagrimales, Jaén, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our objective was to compare the results of probing with and without endoscopy in cases of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction without prior probing. This was a retrospective analysis on 2 non-randomized cohorts, 36 simple soundings (group 1) and 36 soundings with endoscope (group 2), between January 2011 and January 2013. ...
Zhu Da D Pediatric Heart Center and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R., - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficiency of using hybrid perventricular closure in treating pediatric patients with the doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects (VSD). Ninety pediatric patients with doubly committed subarterial VSD were enrolled from October 2007 to September 2010 in this retrospective study. Among them, 41 underwent open-heart surgery ...
Včelák Josef J Department of Orthopedics, 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University and Hospital Na Bulovce, Prague, Czech - - 2014
This study evaluates two basic hypotheses: (1) the risk of an isolated dorsal approach to ventral lumbar spondylodiscitis based on clinical and radiographic results and (2) the risk of anterior radical debridement due to using a titanium implant in the site of bone infection. Group A consisting of 23 patients ...
Glaser Julia J Department of Surgery, Section of Vascular Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
A postoperative length of stay (LOS) >1 day after elective surgery incurs financial losses for hospitals, given fixed diagnosis-related group-based reimbursement. We sought to identify factors leading to a prolonged LOS (>1 postoperative day) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Patients undergoing CEA in 23 centers of the Vascular Study Group of New ...
Ewies Ayman A A AA Department of Gynaecology, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Inadequate endometrial biopsy comprises a dilemma for gynaecologists and histopathologists alike. This study was conducted to assess the clinical merit of classifying scant endometrial biopsy into inadequate and unassessable using McCluggage criteria. We retrospectively classified 268 endometrial biopsies, initially reported as inadequate, into inadequate (n=74) and unassessable (n=174) using McCluggage ...
Mao Jun J Department of Cardiology, Center for Atrial Fibrillation, Beijing Anzhen Hospital & Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
-Previous studies have suggested that systematic ablation of ganglionated plexi (GP) could increase the short-term success rate of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation, but the long-term efficacy of this approach is not fully established. -Twenty-four mongrel dogs were divided into 3 groups: epicardial GP ablation group 1 (n = 8), ...
Miao X X Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Fuwai Hospital & National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease and the Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
Although fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is one of the most commonly used hemostatic agents in clinical specialties today, there is little evidence available supporting its administration. Our present study observed the effects of a priming strategy without FFP during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative coagulation and clinical recovery in pediatric ...
Zanghì Antonio A General Surgery and Senology Unit, "Policlinico - Vittorio Emanuele" Hospital, Department of Surgery, University of Catania Medical School, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, - - 2014
Since Kocher and Billroth refined an acceptable technique, the thyroidectomy has become one of the most frequent procedures in endocrine surgery and bilateral total thyroidectomy is performed in the majority of thyroid diseases. This work evaluated the use of the Harmonic(®) FOCUS and traditional suture ligation (knot and tie) technique ...
Kotecha Aachal - - 2014
To evaluate the reach-to-grasp performance of patients fitted with an epiretinal artifical retina device. This was a hospital-based case series consisting of six patients fitted with the Argus II (Second Sight Medical Products Inc, California, USA) retinal prosthesis. Participants were asked to reach out and pick up a high-contrast cuboid ...
Kumar G G Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Department of Peri-operative Medicine, University College London, London, - - 2014
With the popularity of ambulatory surgery ever increasing, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether the type of anaesthesia used had any bearing on patient outcomes. Total intravenous propofol anaesthesia was compared with two of the newer inhalational agents, sevoflurane and desflurane. In total, 18 trials ...
Johnson Nigel R NR Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare bacterial load using preoperative rinsing and swabbing techniques for oral surgery with 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX). Participants were healthy volunteers undergoing a general anesthetic for the removal of teeth. Participants were randomly allocated to receive 15 mL of 0.2% CHX for 60 s as ...
Chávez-Delgado Maria Estela ME Research Department, Instituto Jalisciense de Cirugía Reconstructiva "Dr. José Guerrerosantos", Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main postoperative complications after tonsillectomy are due to bleeding, and effective hemostasis may lead to a reduction of overall postoperative morbidity. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and safety of a novel kaolin-based hemostatic dressing in tonsillectomy. A pilot, single-blind, open label study was performed in patients ...
Shen Yaxing Y Division of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Anastomotic leakage remains a major complication following minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO). In this study, our objective was to determine whether a narrower gastric conduit would lead to lower incidence of anastomotic leakage following MIO. In this retrospective study, patients with oesophageal cancer undergoing MIO were assigned to receive 5-cm-wide gastric ...
Kubuš Peter P Children's Heart Centre, University Hospital Motol, V Úvalu 84, Prague 150 06, Czech Republic - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate long-term utilization and results of paediatric radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in a population-based study. Data from all three centres performing paediatric RFCA for the whole population of the Czech Republic between 1993 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 708 ablation procedures in 633 consecutive ...
Wang Bing B Department of Ophthalmology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare prospectively the surgical outcomes of different surgery procedures for convergence insufficiency (CI)-type intermittent exotropia (IXT) in children. Forty-five children with CI-type IXT were included in this prospective surgical study with 6 months follow-up. According to the different surgical procedures, all children were randomly divided into three groups: the ...
Dolu Hasan H Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, University Str., Şahinbey, 27310, Gaziantep, Turkey, - - 2014
Central venous cannulation is a commonly preformed procedure in many branches of medicine, particularly in anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. The purpose of this study was to compare the landmark-guided technique to the ultrasound-guided technique for internal jugular vein cannulation in cardiovascular surgery patients. One hundred cardiovascular surgery patients, of ...
Law Mark A MA Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
Ultrasound (US) is the standard of care for vascular access in many clinical scenarios. Limited data exist regarding the benefits of US- versus landmark (LM)-guided femoral vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. This study aimed to compare US- and LM-guided vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. A single ...
Liebensteiner M C MC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to clarify whether driving abstinence should be recommended when patients are discharged from hospital after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We tested the hypotheses that there are differences in the peri-operative course of brake response time in patients undergoing right-sided (1) or left-sided (2) UKA. ...
van Loon Kim K From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Anesthesiology Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht; and †Casa Clinics Leiden, CASA Netherlands, the - - 2014
Propofol, a short-acting hypnotic drug, is increasingly administered by a diverse group of specialists (e.g., cardiologists, gastroenterologists) during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Standard monitoring during sedation comprises continuous pulse oximetry with visual assessment of the patient's breathing pattern. Because undetected hypoventilation is a common pathway for complications, capnographic monitoring of ...
Jabłoński Sławomir S 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, General and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland - - 2014
Abstract Background: We report our experience with the surgical closure of late post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (PBF) using our own method of coverage of the bronchial stump: Pedicled pericardial flap in combination with fibrin glue. Methods: We reviewed the surgical results of 33 patients who underwent surgical closure of PBF by ...
Borle Anuradha Purshottam AP All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Anaesthesiology, New Delhi, India ; - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: A unilateral paravertebral (PVB) block with catheter can provide extendable analgesia without physiological changes. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of PVB bupivacaine for providing perioperative pain relief in adults undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) under general anaesthesia. Methods: Fifty ASA Grade I, II patients, ...
Fallon Erica M EM Vascular Biology Program, Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The introduction of hepatoprotective strategies and multidisciplinary management has significantly improved the outcome of neonates with short bowel syndrome (SBS) who require parenteral nutrition (PN). OBJECTIVE To determine the probability of weaning from PN based on intestinal length in neonates with SBS amidst the new era of hepatoprotective strategies ...
Karkera Megha M MM 1Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, AR; and 2Clinical Research Consultant, Little Rock, - - 2014
Caudal blocks are a significant and efficacious aspect of pediatric anesthesia, especially in urologic and many general surgery cases. This type of regional anesthesia is common because it has a high success rate and provides between 6 and 8 hours of postoperative pain control. The aim of this study was ...
Mizuno Naoko N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Latarjet procedure is effective in managing anterior glenohumeral instability in the short term, but there is concern for postoperative arthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term functional outcome after the Latarjet procedure and to assess the prevalence of and risk factors for glenohumeral arthritis after ...
Donec V V Rehabilitation Department, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania - - - 2014
The number of total knee replacements performed each year is increasing. Main problems impeding process of function recovery after these surgeries include postoperative edema, pain, lower limb muscle strength deficits, implying the need to seek for safe, effective postoperative rehabilitation modalities. To evaluate the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping® method in ...
Nam Ki-Tae KT Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate the optimal surgical dose for treating infantile exotropia. In this retrospective study, clinical records of 44 children who had undergone bilateral lateral rectus recessions before 4 years of age for an exotropia present before 12 months of age were studied. Children had 1 year of follow-up after surgery. Patients were separated ...
Peaceman Alan M AM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The objective of the article is to describe latency for patients with preterm premature membrane rupture (PPROM) between 240/7 and 316/7 weeks' gestation. Study Design Secondary analysis of data collected prospectively in a multicenter clinical trial of magnesium sulfate for cerebral palsy prevention. Women with PPROM and fewer than six contractions ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2014
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the treatment of choice for gallbladder lesions, but it is not a pain-free procedure. This study explored the pain relief provided by combined wound and intraperitoneal local anesthetic use for patients who are undergoing LC. Two-hundred and twenty consecutive patients undergoing LC were categorized into ...
Wutzler Alexander A Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the state-of-the-art treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Pulmonary vein reconnection is one of the main mechanisms of AF recurrence after ablation. Catheter-tissue contact is essential for effective ablation lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of catheter contact monitoring during PVI ...
Hongxin Li L Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both percutaneous and perventricular device closures of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PmVSDs) have drawbacks. This study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of peratrial device closure of a PmVSD using a probe-assisted delivery system. Seventy-three patients (peratrial group) were enrolled in this study. A 1.5- to 2.0-cm parasternal incision was ...
Burston Ben J BJ Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Oswestry, Shropshire, - - 2014
We prospectively followed 112 hips, undergoing THA with a Spectron EF stem. At mean follow-up of 11.2years, 21 patients had died. We obtained radiological follow-up in 99% and clinical follow-up in 100% of the surviving 91 hips. Fifty-four percent demonstrated osteolysis in at least one Gruen zone. Twenty-two hips required ...
Slaghekke Femke F Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Residual anastomoses after fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) may lead to severe postoperative complications, including recurrent TTTS and twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS). A novel technique (Solomon technique) using laser coagulation of the entire vascular equator was recently investigated in a randomized controlled trial (Solomon trial) and compared ...
Sauër Anne-Mette C AM From the Departments of *Anesthesiology, and †Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; and ‡Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bouve College, Northeastern University, Boston, - - 2014
Delirium is common after cardiac surgery and may be partly related to the systemic inflammatory response triggered by the surgery and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. We hypothesized that intraoperative administration of high-dose dexamethasone, a drug with potent anti-inflammatory effects, would reduce the incidence of delirium at any time point ...
Lee Byung Ho BH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Republic of - - 2014
Metastatic spinal disease requires a multidisciplinary approach with advanced surgical techniques which improve longevity and the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to compare the surgical outcomes and perioperative complications and mortality among en bloc, debulking, and palliative surgeries in patients with spinal metastasis. From 2005 to ...
Yang Lei L Department of Anaesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, - - 2014
Residual neuromuscular block is associated with serious postoperative complications. Some anaesthesiologists use neostigmine to reverse neuromuscular blockade for all paediatric surgical patients. However, the incidence of residual neuromuscular block may be lower in paediatric patients than in adults. The use of neostigmine has also caused complications, such as postoperative nausea, ...
Cobell William J WJ From the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, and the OSF Medical Group Gastroenterology, University of Illinois, - - 2014
Multiple studies have demonstrated that feeding ≤4 hours after placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is a reasonable option. Many physicians, however, continue to delay feedings until the next day or 24 hours; therefore, we evaluated the safety and effect of early feeding (≤4 hours) after PEG placement ...
Cengiz Pelin P Department of Anesthesiology, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of intraoperative low-dose ketamine with general anesthesia on postoperative pain after total knee replacement surgery. Study Design: A randomized, double-blind comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from January and June 2011. Methodology: Sixty adults undergoing total knee ...
Bar-Sela Shai M SM From the Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report the long-term outcomes of triamcinolone acetonide-assisted anterior vitrectomy during complicated cataract surgery with vitreous loss. Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. Case series. Consecutive patients who had triamcinolone acetonide-assisted anterior vitrectomy for complicated cataract surgery with vitreous loss between January 2010 and January 2012 were studied. The ...
Uribe Juan S JS Department of Neurosurgery and Brain Repair, University of South Florida, - - 2014
Object It is hypothesized that minimally invasive surgical techniques lead to fewer complications than open surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD). The goal of this study was to analyze matched patient cohorts in an attempt to isolate the impact of approach on adverse events. Methods Two multicenter databases queried for ...
Idehen H O HO Department of Anaesthesia, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, - - 2014
Many studies comparing different intravenous fluid types usually do not use equipotent volumes of three to one crystalloid to colloid ratio in such comparisons. Conflicting results emanate from such studies. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of equipotent volumes of colloid and crystalloid-colloid combination in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension ...
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