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Mataftsi Asimina A Second Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Infantile cataract surgery bears a significant risk for postoperative glaucoma, and no consensus exists on factors that may reduce this risk. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of primary intraocular lens implantation and timing of surgery on the incidence of postoperative glaucoma. DATA SOURCES We searched multiple databases to July ...
Lee Jun Suh JS 1 Department of Surgery, Armed Forces Capital Hospital , Seongnam, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of the current study was to directly investigate whether active gas suction reduces intraperitoneal residual carbon dioxide and to analyze the effect of active gas suction on postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Subjects and Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical study included patients between 19 and 65 ...
Moreira Alvaro A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, - - 2014
To compare the ability to successfully intubate extremely preterm baboons using conventional direct laryngoscopy (DL) vs videolaryngoscopy. A prospective randomized crossover study using experienced and inexperienced neonatal intubators. All participants were shown an educational video on intubation with each device, followed by attempt of the procedure. The time for successful ...
Pollari Francesco F Department of Cardiac Surgery, Klinikum Nürnberg, Paracelsus Medizinischen Privatuniversität, Nuremberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sutureless aortic valve prostheses have the potential of shortening ischemic time. However, whether shorter operative times may also result in improved patient outcomes and have an effect on hospital costs remains to be established. From March 2010 to April 2013, 566 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprostheses; of these, ...
Gil-Anton Javier J PICU, Cruces University Hospital, Bizkaia, Spain; University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bizkaia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine whether the maintenance of cardiac index (CI) measured by femoral arterial thermodilution during the postoperative period after heart surgery in children is related to short-term outcome. A prospective observational study in a pediatric intensive care unit at a referral hospital for congenital ...
Aljabi Yasser Y Department of Neurosurgery, Tawam Hospital in affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medical, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates; Department of Orthopaedics, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intraoperative epidural corticosteroids have been used to decrease post-operative pain post-discectomy. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of epidural corticosteroids on post-operative pain and length of post-operative hospital stay in patients undergoing unilateral lumbar microdiscectomy. 150 consecutively treated, comparable patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation were ...
Costello John P JP Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, USA; The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Following congenital heart surgery, pediatric patients may experience persistent respiratory failure that requires tracheostomy placement. Currently, definitive knowledge of the optimal timing for tracheostomy placement in this patient population is lacking. An 8-year retrospective review of 17 pediatric patients who underwent congenital heart surgery and subsequently required tracheostomy placement was ...
Chugh Joginder Pal JP Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Pt. B.D Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, 124001, Haryana, India, - - 2014
To compare the role of fresh and dry preserved amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in partial limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). 30 Patients of partial LSCD involving <180° of cornea of different age group were divided into 2 groups; group A and B. Clinical diagnosis was made on the basis of ...
Wang Xuesong X Spine surgery department of Qingdao central - - 2014
Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Study. To determine the efficacy of absorbable gelatin sponge in reducing blood loss as well as shortening the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing multilevel posterior lumbar spinal surgery. Absorbable gelatin sponge is reported to decrease postoperative drain output and the length of hospital stay ...
Wan Michael J MJ Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
To describe the visual outcomes of a large cohort of pediatric patients presenting to a tertiary care pediatric hospital with first episode optic neuritis. Retrospective, obesrvational cohort study METHODS: Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital Patient population: Patients with first episode optic neuritis and at least 3 months of follow-up over ...
Krarup Therese T Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital Glostrup, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate the amount of endothelial cell loss (ECL) and refractive predictability by femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (CPS). Forty-seven patients had one eye operated by FLACS and the contralateral eye operated by CPS (stop and chop technique). Both eyes had intraocular aspheric lenses ...
Berlin Nicholas L NL Yale University School of Public Health, 60 College St., P.O. Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034 - - 2014
The short-term outcomes of pediatric digit replantation have been derived primarily from single-center/surgeon experience. The purpose of this study was to conduct a nationwide analysis of outcomes and trends of pediatric digit replantation as compared to adult patients. Digit replantation patients were identified in the 1999-2011 Healthcare Cost and Utilization ...
Yon Jun H JH The Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Pre-emptive intravenous lidocaine infusion is known to improve postoperative pain in abdominal surgery. We assessed the effect of intravenous lidocaine infusion in patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer divided into 2 groups: 1 group received intravenous ...
Patzelt Sebastian B M SB Dr. Patzelt is a visiting research professor and the course director, Prosthetic Lecture Series and Seminar, Implant Periodontal Prosthodontics Program, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore. He also is an assistant professor and a scientific associate, Prosthetic Dentistry, Center for Dental Medicine, University Medical Center Freiburg, University of Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Address correspondence to Dr. Patzelt at Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, 650 W. Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md. 21201, e-mail - - 2014
Although intraoral scanners are known to have good accuracy in computer-aided impression making (CAIM), their effect on time efficiency is not. Little is known about the time required to make a digital impression. The purpose of the authors' in vitro investigation was to evaluate the time efficiency of intraoral scanners. ...
Sadiq Nadeem N Pediatric Cardiology Department, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology & National Institute of Heart Diseases (AFIC/ NIHD) Rawalpindi, Pakistan. - - 2014
To analyze the effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for device closure of secundum atrial septal defect in children ≤5 years old. Quasiexperimental study. The study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases from December 1, 2010 to December 31, 2012. During the study ...
Chen Xi X Department of Liver Surgery and Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. - - 2014
Extended hemihepatectomy is usually recommended to treat large centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the morbidity and mortality are high because of the postoperative liver failure. Mesohepatectomy is seldom used because of its technical complexity. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term and long-term curative effect of mesohepatectomy. From January ...
Merz Michael K MK Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL. - - 2014
Performing bilateral total knee arthroplasties (bTKAs), sequential or staged, is a topic of debate among surgeons. To our knowledge, no studies have compared computer-assisted surgery (CAS) and conventional (CON) procedures for sequential bTKAs. We retrospectively reviewed 124 (62 CAS, 62 CON) sequential bTKAs. CAS-bTKAs required significantly fewer blood transfusions (P ...
Bashir Muhammad Mustehsan MM Department of Plastic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the outcome of microvascular free tissue transfer with or without use of postoperative heparin in terms of flap viability and postoperative complications. Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from July 2010 to July 2012. Methodology: ...
Esposito C C "Federico II" Pediatric Surgery University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of study was to retrospectively analyze our series of total and partial retroperiotoneoscopic nephrectomies performed in the last 5 years. Twenty-two procedures were performed, 20 patients underwent nephrectomy and 2 patients underwent partial nephrectomy. The 20 patients who underwent nephrectomy were divided in 2 groups: group 1 (G1) ...
Yang Xin-Chao XC Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, the First Clinical Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, - - 2014
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD).Methods Between September 2011 and February 2013, we collected 40 patients who underwent perventricular closure via a small lower sternal incision (minimally invasive group), aged 15.5±3.5 years (12 months to 32 years) with a body ...
Cheong Jinock J Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Compared to the stapling technique, the fold-over technique (FO) has the benefit of avoiding the sacrifice of the bowel segment. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes between the FO and a conventional resection. Between June 2008 and March 2012, a total of 242 patients who underwent ...
Faraj Adnan A - - 2014
Arthrodesis surgery aims to give pain relief by abolishing the movement of the joint concerned. Few studies describe the outcome as appreciated by the patient. This was the major concern of the authors, when they set up this retrospective study about the outcome after ankle fusion or subtalar fusion. Inclusion ...
Suksathien Yingyong - - 2014
Acetabular component malposition has been linked to increased rates of dislocation, impingement, pelvic osteolysis, cup migration, leg length discrepancy and polyethylene wear in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). Compare the acetabular component positioning and the operative time in two consecutive short-stem cementless THA series without and with using an ...
Mahmoodzadeh Habibollah H Cancer Institute, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Despite increasing trends toward the early initiation of oral feeding after gastrointestinal (GI) surgeries, current evidence has not been convincing. The present randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of early oral feeding (EOF) with late oral feeding (LOF) following surgery for upper GI tumors. One hundred and ...
Triviño Ana A Departamento de Cirugía Torácica, Hospital General de Albacete, Albacete, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has significantly developed over the last decade. However, a VATS approach for thymoma remains controversial. We present a study to evaluate the feasibility of VATS thymectomy for the treatment of early-stage thymoma and to compare the outcomes with open resection. A comparative study of 59 patients ...
Zeng Wei-Gen WG Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a longer interval between long-course neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery on surgical and oncologic outcome. A total of 233 consecutive patients with clinical stage II and III rectal cancer were divided into 2 groups according to the neoadjuvant-surgery interval: short-interval ...
Bell Richard R Department of Hepatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, St James University Hospital, Leeds, - - 2014
This meta-analysis was designed to systematically analyse all published studies comparing local anaesthetic infiltration with wound catheters and epidural catheters in open liver resection. A literature search was performed using the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, ...
Hyun Paul P a Postgraduate Orthodontic Resident, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the compliance of patients while wearing maxillary Hawley retainers embedded with SMART microsensors. Methods: The sample population consisted of 22 patients who were divided into an experimental (group A) and a control group (group B). Group A was informed that they would be monitored through the ...
Jabbarvand Mahmoud - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of MyoRing implantations (DIOPTEX GmbH, Linz, Austria) in patients with ectasia after LASIK. MyoRing implantation was performed in 15 eyes of 14 patients with ectasia after LASIK using a femtosecond laser. Uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity, refraction, keratometry, central corneal thickness, corneal biomechanical profile, and ...
Miao Xiaolei X Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Cardiovascular Institute, Fuwai Hospital and National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167, Bei Li Shi Road, Xi Cheng, 100037, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Transfusion guidelines have been produced for the evidence-based use of fresh frozen plasma (FFP). However, the inappropriate use of FFP is still a worldwide problem, especially in the prophylactic settings. In the present study, 100 cyanotic pediatric patients (age 6 months to 3 years) undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were ...
Alañón-Fernández Miguel Ángel MA Instituto Internacional de Vías Nasolagrimales, Jaén, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our objective was to compare the results of probing with and without endoscopy in cases of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction without prior probing. This was a retrospective analysis on 2 non-randomized cohorts, 36 simple soundings (group 1) and 36 soundings with endoscope (group 2), between January 2011 and January 2013. ...
Zhu Da D Pediatric Heart Center and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R., - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficiency of using hybrid perventricular closure in treating pediatric patients with the doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects (VSD). Ninety pediatric patients with doubly committed subarterial VSD were enrolled from October 2007 to September 2010 in this retrospective study. Among them, 41 underwent open-heart surgery ...
Včelák Josef J Department of Orthopedics, 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University and Hospital Na Bulovce, Prague, Czech - - 2014
This study evaluates two basic hypotheses: (1) the risk of an isolated dorsal approach to ventral lumbar spondylodiscitis based on clinical and radiographic results and (2) the risk of anterior radical debridement due to using a titanium implant in the site of bone infection. Group A consisting of 23 patients ...
Glaser Julia J Department of Surgery, Section of Vascular Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
A postoperative length of stay (LOS) >1 day after elective surgery incurs financial losses for hospitals, given fixed diagnosis-related group-based reimbursement. We sought to identify factors leading to a prolonged LOS (>1 postoperative day) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Patients undergoing CEA in 23 centers of the Vascular Study Group of New ...
Ewies Ayman A A AA Department of Gynaecology, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Inadequate endometrial biopsy comprises a dilemma for gynaecologists and histopathologists alike. This study was conducted to assess the clinical merit of classifying scant endometrial biopsy into inadequate and unassessable using McCluggage criteria. We retrospectively classified 268 endometrial biopsies, initially reported as inadequate, into inadequate (n=74) and unassessable (n=174) using McCluggage ...
Miao X X Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Fuwai Hospital & National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease and the Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
Although fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is one of the most commonly used hemostatic agents in clinical specialties today, there is little evidence available supporting its administration. Our present study observed the effects of a priming strategy without FFP during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative coagulation and clinical recovery in pediatric ...
Mao Jun J Department of Cardiology, Center for Atrial Fibrillation, Beijing Anzhen Hospital & Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
-Previous studies have suggested that systematic ablation of ganglionated plexi (GP) could increase the short-term success rate of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation, but the long-term efficacy of this approach is not fully established. -Twenty-four mongrel dogs were divided into 3 groups: epicardial GP ablation group 1 (n = 8), ...
Zanghì Antonio A General Surgery and Senology Unit, "Policlinico - Vittorio Emanuele" Hospital, Department of Surgery, University of Catania Medical School, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, - - 2014
Since Kocher and Billroth refined an acceptable technique, the thyroidectomy has become one of the most frequent procedures in endocrine surgery and bilateral total thyroidectomy is performed in the majority of thyroid diseases. This work evaluated the use of the Harmonic(®) FOCUS and traditional suture ligation (knot and tie) technique ...
Kotecha Aachal - - 2014
To evaluate the reach-to-grasp performance of patients fitted with an epiretinal artifical retina device. This was a hospital-based case series consisting of six patients fitted with the Argus II (Second Sight Medical Products Inc, California, USA) retinal prosthesis. Participants were asked to reach out and pick up a high-contrast cuboid ...
Johnson Nigel R NR Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare bacterial load using preoperative rinsing and swabbing techniques for oral surgery with 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX). Participants were healthy volunteers undergoing a general anesthetic for the removal of teeth. Participants were randomly allocated to receive 15 mL of 0.2% CHX for 60 s as ...
Kumar G G Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Department of Peri-operative Medicine, University College London, London, - - 2014
With the popularity of ambulatory surgery ever increasing, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether the type of anaesthesia used had any bearing on patient outcomes. Total intravenous propofol anaesthesia was compared with two of the newer inhalational agents, sevoflurane and desflurane. In total, 18 trials ...
Chávez-Delgado Maria Estela ME Research Department, Instituto Jalisciense de Cirugía Reconstructiva "Dr. José Guerrerosantos", Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main postoperative complications after tonsillectomy are due to bleeding, and effective hemostasis may lead to a reduction of overall postoperative morbidity. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and safety of a novel kaolin-based hemostatic dressing in tonsillectomy. A pilot, single-blind, open label study was performed in patients ...
Shen Yaxing Y Division of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Anastomotic leakage remains a major complication following minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO). In this study, our objective was to determine whether a narrower gastric conduit would lead to lower incidence of anastomotic leakage following MIO. In this retrospective study, patients with oesophageal cancer undergoing MIO were assigned to receive 5-cm-wide gastric ...
Kubuš Peter P Children's Heart Centre, University Hospital Motol, V Úvalu 84, Prague 150 06, Czech Republic - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate long-term utilization and results of paediatric radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in a population-based study. Data from all three centres performing paediatric RFCA for the whole population of the Czech Republic between 1993 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 708 ablation procedures in 633 consecutive ...
Wang Bing B Department of Ophthalmology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare prospectively the surgical outcomes of different surgery procedures for convergence insufficiency (CI)-type intermittent exotropia (IXT) in children. Forty-five children with CI-type IXT were included in this prospective surgical study with 6 months follow-up. According to the different surgical procedures, all children were randomly divided into three groups: the ...
Dolu Hasan H Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, University Str., Şahinbey, 27310, Gaziantep, Turkey, - - 2014
Central venous cannulation is a commonly preformed procedure in many branches of medicine, particularly in anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. The purpose of this study was to compare the landmark-guided technique to the ultrasound-guided technique for internal jugular vein cannulation in cardiovascular surgery patients. One hundred cardiovascular surgery patients, of ...
Law Mark A MA Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
Ultrasound (US) is the standard of care for vascular access in many clinical scenarios. Limited data exist regarding the benefits of US- versus landmark (LM)-guided femoral vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. This study aimed to compare US- and LM-guided vascular access in the pediatric catheterization laboratory. A single ...
Jabłoński Sławomir S 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, General and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz , Lodz, Poland - - 2014
Abstract Background: We report our experience with the surgical closure of late post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (PBF) using our own method of coverage of the bronchial stump: Pedicled pericardial flap in combination with fibrin glue. Methods: We reviewed the surgical results of 33 patients who underwent surgical closure of PBF by ...
Liebensteiner M C MC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to clarify whether driving abstinence should be recommended when patients are discharged from hospital after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We tested the hypotheses that there are differences in the peri-operative course of brake response time in patients undergoing right-sided (1) or left-sided (2) UKA. ...
van Loon Kim K From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Anesthesiology Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht; and †Casa Clinics Leiden, CASA Netherlands, the - - 2014
Propofol, a short-acting hypnotic drug, is increasingly administered by a diverse group of specialists (e.g., cardiologists, gastroenterologists) during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Standard monitoring during sedation comprises continuous pulse oximetry with visual assessment of the patient's breathing pattern. Because undetected hypoventilation is a common pathway for complications, capnographic monitoring of ...
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