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Eberl S S Department of Anesthesiology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
We investigated the satisfaction of patients and endoscopists and concurrently safety aspects of an "alfentanil only" and two clinically routinely used sedation regimes in patients undergoing colonoscopy in a teaching hospital. One hundred and eighty patients were prospectively randomized in three groups: M (midazolam/fentanyl), A (alfentanil), and P (propofol/alfentanil); M ...
Rettenmaier Mark A MA Gynecologic Oncology Associates, 351 Hospital Road, Suite #507, Newport Beach, CA 92663, - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the impact of defined intestinal surgeries on postprandial nausea, nutritional regression (i.e., a soft diet that was altered to clear liquids) and hospital stay duration in a population of gynecologic cancer patients. The following study variables were evaluated: age, intestinal surgery type: 1) small bowel resection ...
Sayed S S Faculty of Medicine, Assuit , Egypt, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Assuit, - - 2014
Cardiac surgery aggravates a vital inflammatory response that endures into the postoperative period. Methods: We compared the effect of morphine and fentanyl as part of a balanced anesthetic technique on the inflammatory reaction the occurs in cardiac valve replacement surgeries after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods: Patients are randomized to either ...
Ueki Koichiro K Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Division of Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi 409-3893, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the recovery period of lower lip hypoesthesia between hybrid fixation and conventional fixation using absorbable plates and screw systems following sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO). The subjects were 66 patients (132 sides) who underwent bilateral SSRO setback surgery. They were divided into ...
Ponto Katharina A KA Dept. of Ophthalmology (Head: Prof. Dr. N. Pfeiffer), University Medical Center Mainz, Germany; Center of Thrombosis and Hemostasis (CTH), University Medical Center Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess a piezosurgical device as a novel tool for bony orbital decompression surgery. At a multidisciplinary orbital center, 62 surgeries were performed in 40 patients with thyroid associated orbitopathy (TAO). Within this retrospective case-series, we analyzed the medical records of these consecutive unselected ...
Hosseini Sharifi Seyed Hossein SH Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Urology and Nephrology Research Center (UNRC), Shahid Beheshti University, M.C. (SBMU), Tehran, I.R. Iran., Urology, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of ; - - 2014
Background: Pain at the surgery site is a common complaint in the patients who experience Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The aim of this double blind randomized clinical trial is evaluation of the effect of scheduled infusion of bupivacaine on post surgical pain and narcotic consumption after tubeless PCNL under spinal anesthesia. ...
Lin H-C HC Department of Proctology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (Gastrointestinal and Anal Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University), Yuancun Er Heng Lu, No. 26, Guangzhou, 510655, People's Republic of - - 2014
Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy (MMH) is the procedure of choice in the management of hemorrhoidal disease. However, this procedure is associated with significant postoperative pain. Tissue selecting technique (TST) is a segmental stapled hemorrhoidopexy, which aims to reduce the postoperative pain, rectovaginal fistula (RVF) and rectal stenosis. The aim of the present ...
Atici Yunus Y Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Metin Sabanci Baltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Baltalimani-Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective clinical study is to evaluate the effect of growing rod lengthening technique on sagittal balance in relationship with the spinopelvic parameters, in early onset scoliosis (EOS). Twenty-three patients (18 female, 5 male), with a mean age of 8.3 years during the operation (range 3.2-12.2), with EOS ...
Koutsomanis A A Department of Hand Surgery, Strasbourg University Hospital, 10, avenue Baumann, 67403 Illkirch, France; Laboratory of Experimental Research, Strasbourg University, 67000 Strasbourg, - - 2014
The intravascular stent technique (IVaS) was developed to simplify the anastomosis of submillimeter blood vessels. One variation of the IVaS called the "clip stent", improved the patency of anastomosed vessels. The goal of this study was to analyze a subsequent technical variation called the "pull out stent", which aims to ...
Lees Deborah D aDepartment of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Northern Deanery bDepartments of Trauma and Orthopaedics cEmergency Medicine dOrthogeriatric Medicine, Wansbeck General Hospital, Ashington eNorth Tyneside General Hospital, North Tyneside, Northumberland, - - 2014
Fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) administered through the loss of resistance technique effectively reduces pain and opiate requirement in elderly patients with hip fractures. FICB is a simple technique and is easily taught. This paper plots the implementation of FICB in two hospitals. A continuous audit process of two separate ...
Battoo Athar - - 2014
Background:It is unclear whether thoracoscopic (VATS) pneumonectomy improves outcomes compared to open approaches. Methods:107 consecutive pneumonectomies performed at an experienced center from 1/2002 to 12/2012 were studied retrospectively. Forty cases were open, while 50 successful VATS and 17 conversions were combined (intent-to-treat analysis, ITT). Results:The VATS cohort had more preoperative ...
El-Khayat Waleed W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare extra-abdominal repair of the uterine incision at cesarean delivery with in situ repair. The present study was a double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted at a university hospital in Egypt during 2012-2013, and included women with an indication for cesarean delivery. Extra-abdominal repair was used in group 1 (n=500) ...
Schramko A A Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Melahti Hospital, Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
Colloids and crystalloid are used during cardiac surgery for priming of the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit. Colloids may decrease postoperative fluid balance because of their high oncotic pressure and low risk of fluid extravasation. On the other hand, colloids have been shown to impair blood coagulation. In a prospective, randomized, ...
Burdett Clare L CL Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough - - 2014
Minimally invasive surgical approaches for aortic valve replacement (AVR) are growing in popularity in an attempt to decrease morbidity from conventional surgery. We have adopted a technique that divides only the manubrium and spares the body of the sternum. We sought to determine whether patients benefit from this less-invasive approach. ...
Hamdani Mehdi M From the *Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva; and †Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital de la Tour, Meyrin, - - 2014
Automated bolus delivery has recently been shown to reduce local anesthetic consumption and improve analgesia, compared with continuous infusion, in continuous sciatic and epidural block. However, there are few data on the influence of local anesthetic delivery method on local anesthetic consumption following interscalene blockade. This randomized, double-blind trial was ...
Woo Albert S AS 1Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St. Louis, MO 2Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Institute, St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, - - 2014
The Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty is commonly utilized for correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in cleft patients. Alternatively, a new procedure is introduced involving a single Z-plasty coupled with an overlapping intravelar veloplasty (Woo palatoplasty). The purpose of this study is to compare the results of both techniques in the correction ...
Welsby Ian J IJ Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center DUMC, Box 3094, Durham, NC, 27710, USA, - - 2014
ABO dependent variation in von Willebrand factor (vWf) and procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) is a plausible mechanism for modulating perioperative hemostasis and bleeding. Group AB has the highest and group O the lowest vWf and FVIII levels. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that ABO blood group is associated with perioperative ...
Dhillon Santokh S Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of systemic inflammatory response induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure (NP) have a poorer systemic oxygen transport status than those after other CPB surgeries. We compared the perioperative CRP in neonates undergoing NP or arterial switch operation (ASO). Data ...
Hu Wei-Guo WG Department of General Surgery, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine , Shanghai, China; Shanghai Minimally Invasive Surgery Center , Shanghai, China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To discuss the learning curve of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with lymph node dissection and the oncological results and long-term outcomes of different periods in the learning stage. Patients and Methods: One hundred twenty-four patients with gastric cancer who received LADG with lymph node dissection from January 2004 ...
Brinkman William W Cardiopulmonary Research Science and Technology Institute, Dallas, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Use of preoperative β-blockers has been associated with a reduction in perioperative mortality for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery in observational research studies, which led to the adoption of preoperative β-blocker therapy as a national quality standard. OBJECTIVE To determine whether preoperative β-blocker use within 24 ...
Mataftsi Asimina A Second Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Infantile cataract surgery bears a significant risk for postoperative glaucoma, and no consensus exists on factors that may reduce this risk. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of primary intraocular lens implantation and timing of surgery on the incidence of postoperative glaucoma. DATA SOURCES We searched multiple databases to July ...
Lee Jun Suh JS 1 Department of Surgery, Armed Forces Capital Hospital , Seongnam, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of the current study was to directly investigate whether active gas suction reduces intraperitoneal residual carbon dioxide and to analyze the effect of active gas suction on postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Subjects and Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical study included patients between 19 and 65 ...
Pollari Francesco F Department of Cardiac Surgery, Klinikum Nürnberg, Paracelsus Medizinischen Privatuniversität, Nuremberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sutureless aortic valve prostheses have the potential of shortening ischemic time. However, whether shorter operative times may also result in improved patient outcomes and have an effect on hospital costs remains to be established. From March 2010 to April 2013, 566 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprostheses; of these, ...
Moreira Alvaro A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, - - 2014
To compare the ability to successfully intubate extremely preterm baboons using conventional direct laryngoscopy (DL) vs videolaryngoscopy. A prospective randomized crossover study using experienced and inexperienced neonatal intubators. All participants were shown an educational video on intubation with each device, followed by attempt of the procedure. The time for successful ...
Gil-Anton Javier J PICU, Cruces University Hospital, Bizkaia, Spain; University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bizkaia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine whether the maintenance of cardiac index (CI) measured by femoral arterial thermodilution during the postoperative period after heart surgery in children is related to short-term outcome. A prospective observational study in a pediatric intensive care unit at a referral hospital for congenital ...
Aljabi Yasser Y Department of Neurosurgery, Tawam Hospital in affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medical, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates; Department of Orthopaedics, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intraoperative epidural corticosteroids have been used to decrease post-operative pain post-discectomy. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of epidural corticosteroids on post-operative pain and length of post-operative hospital stay in patients undergoing unilateral lumbar microdiscectomy. 150 consecutively treated, comparable patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation were ...
Chugh Joginder Pal JP Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Pt. B.D Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, 124001, Haryana, India, - - 2014
To compare the role of fresh and dry preserved amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in partial limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). 30 Patients of partial LSCD involving <180° of cornea of different age group were divided into 2 groups; group A and B. Clinical diagnosis was made on the basis of ...
Costello John P JP Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, USA; The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Following congenital heart surgery, pediatric patients may experience persistent respiratory failure that requires tracheostomy placement. Currently, definitive knowledge of the optimal timing for tracheostomy placement in this patient population is lacking. An 8-year retrospective review of 17 pediatric patients who underwent congenital heart surgery and subsequently required tracheostomy placement was ...
Wang Xuesong X Spine surgery department of Qingdao central - - 2014
Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Study. To determine the efficacy of absorbable gelatin sponge in reducing blood loss as well as shortening the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing multilevel posterior lumbar spinal surgery. Absorbable gelatin sponge is reported to decrease postoperative drain output and the length of hospital stay ...
Wan Michael J MJ Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
To describe the visual outcomes of a large cohort of pediatric patients presenting to a tertiary care pediatric hospital with first episode optic neuritis. Retrospective, obesrvational cohort study METHODS: Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital Patient population: Patients with first episode optic neuritis and at least 3 months of follow-up over ...
Newnham David - - 2014
Excuse me. Could I possibly squeeze past you? I really must stretch my legs. Oh dear. That was hardly a sensible place to leave your Cornish pasty, was it?
Krarup Therese T Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital Glostrup, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate the amount of endothelial cell loss (ECL) and refractive predictability by femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (CPS). Forty-seven patients had one eye operated by FLACS and the contralateral eye operated by CPS (stop and chop technique). Both eyes had intraocular aspheric lenses ...
Chen Xi X Department of Liver Surgery and Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. - - 2014
Extended hemihepatectomy is usually recommended to treat large centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the morbidity and mortality are high because of the postoperative liver failure. Mesohepatectomy is seldom used because of its technical complexity. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term and long-term curative effect of mesohepatectomy. From January ...
Taylor E E Gastroenterology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, Sheffield, - - 2014
BSG guidelines provide clear recommendations for the investigation and management of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). The algorithm lends itself to a 'one stop' new patient clinic in secondary care with further follow-up in primary care. We set up a dedicated IDA clinic aiming to streamline patients' management and reduce unnecessary ...
Venkatachalapathy Sv S Gastroenterology, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2014
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common medical emergency that has a 10% mortality rate,(1) requiring specialist input and management.(2) We conducted a retrospective review last year which showed that the mean length of stay (days) was shorter in the GI group: 5.5 ± 5.7 vs 15.7 ± 20.8 ...
Suksathien Yingyong - - 2014
Acetabular component malposition has been linked to increased rates of dislocation, impingement, pelvic osteolysis, cup migration, leg length discrepancy and polyethylene wear in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). Compare the acetabular component positioning and the operative time in two consecutive short-stem cementless THA series without and with using an ...
Faraj Adnan A - - 2014
Arthrodesis surgery aims to give pain relief by abolishing the movement of the joint concerned. Few studies describe the outcome as appreciated by the patient. This was the major concern of the authors, when they set up this retrospective study about the outcome after ankle fusion or subtalar fusion. Inclusion ...
Yang Xin-Chao XC Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, the First Clinical Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, - - 2014
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD).Methods Between September 2011 and February 2013, we collected 40 patients who underwent perventricular closure via a small lower sternal incision (minimally invasive group), aged 15.5±3.5 years (12 months to 32 years) with a body ...
Watson Ha H University Hospital Lewisham, London, - - 2014
There are controversies regarding inpatient vs outpatient management of placenta praevia. RCOG(1) recommends that the care should be tailored according to the need of individual. This retrospective study aimed to establish whether outpatient management of placenta praevia affected the rates and pace of emergency LSCS, gestation at delivery, neonatal unit ...
Patzelt Sebastian B M SB Dr. Patzelt is a visiting research professor and the course director, Prosthetic Lecture Series and Seminar, Implant Periodontal Prosthodontics Program, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore. He also is an assistant professor and a scientific associate, Prosthetic Dentistry, Center for Dental Medicine, University Medical Center Freiburg, University of Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Address correspondence to Dr. Patzelt at Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, 650 W. Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md. 21201, e-mail - - 2014
Although intraoral scanners are known to have good accuracy in computer-aided impression making (CAIM), their effect on time efficiency is not. Little is known about the time required to make a digital impression. The purpose of the authors' in vitro investigation was to evaluate the time efficiency of intraoral scanners. ...
Berlin Nicholas L NL Yale University School of Public Health, 60 College St., P.O. Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034 - - 2014
The short-term outcomes of pediatric digit replantation have been derived primarily from single-center/surgeon experience. The purpose of this study was to conduct a nationwide analysis of outcomes and trends of pediatric digit replantation as compared to adult patients. Digit replantation patients were identified in the 1999-2011 Healthcare Cost and Utilization ...
Bevan R R Northern Region Endoscopy Group, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UKSouth of Tyne and Wear BCSC, Gateshead, - - 2014
The English Bowel Cancer Screening Programme has been expanded to include a one-off flexible sigmoidoscopy offered to all 55 year olds, called BowelScope Screening. Screening commenced in May 2013, with 6 pilots sites performing flexible sigmoidoscopies in the first 8 months of screening. The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening System database ...
Chhaya V V Gastroenterology, St Georges Hospital, Imperial College, London, - - 2014
Although thiopurines (TPs) have proven efficacy in the maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease (CD) and may reduce the need for intestinal surgery, their impact on perianal disease is not firmly established since previous trials have not evaluated the efficacy of TPs on perianal disease as a primary endpoint. Our ...
Bevan R R South of Tyne and Wear BCSC, Gateshead, UKNorthern Region Endoscopy Group, Newcastle, - - 2014
The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) is being expanded to include a single flexible sigmoidoscopy (FSIG) called BowelScope, offered to all 55 year olds in addition to biannual faecal occult blood testing from age 60-75 years. 6 pilot sites began BowelScope screening in May 2013, with a view to ...
Fielding J J Gastroenterology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, - - 2014
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions are those where intervention may limit hospital admissions. Improvements in the management of these conditions may save the NHS £96-£238 million per annum and alleviate pressures on Accident and Emergency. This is directly applicable in Gastroenterology but few gastrointestinal (GI) conditions are conventionally listed as suitable ...
Esposito C C "Federico II" Pediatric Surgery University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of study was to retrospectively analyze our series of total and partial retroperiotoneoscopic nephrectomies performed in the last 5 years. Twenty-two procedures were performed, 20 patients underwent nephrectomy and 2 patients underwent partial nephrectomy. The 20 patients who underwent nephrectomy were divided in 2 groups: group 1 (G1) ...
Sadiq Nadeem N Pediatric Cardiology Department, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology & National Institute of Heart Diseases (AFIC/ NIHD) Rawalpindi, Pakistan. - - 2014
To analyze the effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for device closure of secundum atrial septal defect in children ≤5 years old. Quasiexperimental study. The study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases from December 1, 2010 to December 31, 2012. During the study ...
Yon Jun H JH The Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Pre-emptive intravenous lidocaine infusion is known to improve postoperative pain in abdominal surgery. We assessed the effect of intravenous lidocaine infusion in patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer divided into 2 groups: 1 group received intravenous ...
Sashikumar P P Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, - - 2014
To estimate the incidence of CABSI and the effect of implementing Matching Michigan care bundle. Retrospective analysis of CABSI rates in all neonates with central lines. The reported CABSI rates have varied between 3.2 to 21.8/ 1000 catheter days.(1) The NNAP data on the incidence of CABSI rates 1.8-3.1/1000 is ...
Bashir Muhammad Mustehsan MM Department of Plastic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the outcome of microvascular free tissue transfer with or without use of postoperative heparin in terms of flap viability and postoperative complications. Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from July 2010 to July 2012. Methodology: ...
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