Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2437
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Johnson Matthew S - - 2013
To compare outcomes between patients undergoing trabeculectomy with an Ex-PRESS mini glaucoma device using mitomycin-C (MMC) to those undergoing the same procedure using a subconjunctival collagen matrix implant (Ologen). All patients underwent a trabeculectomy using an Ex-PRESS shunt. A total of 49 eyes of 37 patients received Ologen, and 50 ...
De Oliveira Gildasio S GS - - 2013
Hypoventilation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients having procedures under sedation. Few clinical strategies have been evaluated to reduce intraoperative hypoventilation during surgical procedures under deep sedation. The primary objective of this investigation was to examine the effect of ketamine on hypoventilation in patients receiving deep ...
Olsen Karsten S - - 2013
Anaesthesia followed by positioning in the prone position takes time and may have complications. The hypothesis was that self-positioning in the prone position followed by anaesthesia and introduction of a laryngeal mask airway (LM method) would be faster with fewer complications than positioning after tracheal intubation (ET method). Randomised, prospective ...
Rozec B - - 2013
Backgroun: For decades thiopental has been considered as the hypnotic drug of choice for intracranial surgery. However, total intravenous anesthesia performed with thiopental is associated with delayed recovery, whereas early post-operative neurological evaluation is critical. For this reason, target controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol is increasingly used for maintenance of ...
Wang Yun-Tao - - 2013
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has been routinely performed for the treatment of lumbar segmental lesions. However, traditional PLIF procedures can result in a variety of approach-related morbidities. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of endoscopy-assisted PLIF in lumbar arthrodesis. From July 2005 to May 2007, ...
Tang Cheng Wu - - 2013
We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy of spleen salvage during distal pancreatectomy for patients with benign and borderline malignant tumors. Despite the emphasis on its role, the spleen has commonly been removed in distal pancreatectomy. From January 2005 to July 2009, 82 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy ...
Khorgami Zhamak - - 2013
ABSTRACT Backgrounds: Despite increasing trend in single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), there is still controversy regarding its global acceptance as a routine practice. Our study aimed to compare surgical events, early in-hospital and later outcomes of SILC with conventional multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: Through a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ...
Young Yoo Ji - - 2013
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is accomplished with a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a bronchial blocker (BB). The authors compared the effectiveness of lung collapse using DLT, BB, and BB with the disconnection technique. Prospective, randomized, blind trial. A university hospital. Fifty-two patients undergoing elective pneumothorax surgery. Patients were assigned randomly to ...
Sahin Ayça Sultan - - 2013
While bupivacaine is the most frequently used local anesthetic for spinal anesthesia, use of levobupivacaine in clinical practice has advanced recently. The aim of our study was to compare the clinical and anesthetic effects of isobaric bupivacaine and isobaric levobupivacaine when administered intrathecally in patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. ASA ...
Netland Peter A PA University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the clinical outcomes of the EX-PRESS glaucoma filtration device placed under a partial-thickness scleral flap with trabeculectomy. Randomized, prospective, multicenter trial. A total of 120 eyes in 120 subjects were analyzed, including 59 eyes treated with EX-PRESS and 61 eyes treated with trabeculectomy. Both the EX-PRESS and the ...
Solovyova Olga - - 2013
We studied the efficacy of local infiltration analgesia in surgical wounds with 0.2% ropivacaine (50 mL), ketorolac (15 mg), and adrenaline (0.5 mg) compared with that of local infiltration analgesia combined with continuous infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine as a method of pain control after total hip arthroplasty. We hypothesized that ...
Foroughi M - - 2013
Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the intraoperative ultrafiltration effect on postoperative AKI. Methods: In this prospective randomized clinical trail, 159 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery, were randomly assigned to either hemofilter (N.=87) or control group (N.=72). The primary and secondary outcomes were AKI (defined as ...
Chen Szu-Han - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of one-step percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) by the urologist alone and two-step PCNL by cooperating with the radiologist. We included 168 patients who underwent surgery by the same surgeon, 83 who underwent two-step PCNL, in which percutaneous nephrostomy insertion was performed ...
Kawabata Akira - - 2013
Objectives. We performed a modified Sauvé-Kapandji procedure for treating disorders of distal radioulnar joint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This procedure involves resecting the distal part of the ulna, rotating the resected portion by 90° and fixating it with the distal part of the radius for shelf plasty. The ...
Miyazaki Shinsuke - - 2013
Background: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) termination has been reported as a predictor of clinical outcome after persistent AF (PsAF) ablation, the relationship between AF termination site and mode and clinical outcome has not been fully evaluated. Methods and Results: A total of 135 patients (62±9 years) underwent their first ablation procedure for ...
Godden A R - - 2013
Epidural anaesthesia (EA) has been the accepted standard for postoperative analgesia in open abdominal surgery. However, it is not without significant risk. This study aimed to audit the effect of EA and ultrasonography placed rectus sheath catheters (RSCs) on analgesia as well as the incidence of postoperative complications following open ...
Seo Jai-Gon - - 2013
Purpose: We devised an intraoperatively identifiable mechanical axis (IIMA) as a reference of alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Materials and Methods: Between February 2010 and January 2011, primary TKAs were consecutively performed on 672 patients (1007 knees) using an IIMA as a reference in the coronal plane. Results: The ...
Story DA - - 2013
Co-management and critical care outreach for high risk surgical patients have been proposed to decrease postoperative complications and mortality. We proposed that a clinical project with postoperative comanagement and critical care outreach, the Post Operative Surveillance Team: (POST), would be associated with decreased hospital length of stay. We conducted a ...
Barshes Neal R - - 2013
The costs associated with local wound care after revascularization can be significant, and it has been suggested that early closure or healing of foot wounds can be a source of cost savings. We sought to determine the safety and effectiveness of attempts to primarily close chronic foot wounds early after ...
Byrd J W Thomas - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic treatment for pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the hip. All patients undergoing hip arthroscopy are prospectively assessed with a modified Harris Hip Score preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 12, 24, 60, and 120 months. Thirteen patients were identified ...
Celik Oner - - 2013
We aimed to decrease the postseptoplasty morbidities depending on nasal packing by using Merocel within glove finger moistened with tetracaine 0.25% solution. The study was designed as a randomized prospective study. A university hospital in Turkey. Our study consisted of 80 patients who underwent septoplasty. The Merocel nasal tampon within ...
Guérin F - - 2013
Meso-Rex bypass (MRB) and portosystemic surgical shunt (PSS) are both used to treat extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) in children. The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of MRB and PSS to select patients who could benefit from a prophylactic MRB. This single-centre retrospective study of children ...
Kavalci G - - 2013
Sevoflurane is an ideal agent for anesthesia since its respiratory irritant effect is minimal during mask induction. Emergence agitation (EA) is a common problem after anesthesia with sevoflurane. In this study it was aimed to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine and remifentanyl on emergence agitation after sevoflurane anesthesia in adults ...
Velmurugan Arumugam A Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontia, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
To compare the effect of 20% aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula and Emblica officinallis with chlorhexidine as an anticaries mouthwash - an in vivo study. 20% aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula and Emblica officinalis were prepared. Forty five high caries risk patients were divided into group 1,2,3 [ n=15]and asked ...
Burke Robert E RE Hospital Medicine Section, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, - - 2014
New post-discharge strategies to reduce adverse events are needed. To determine whether follow-up in a hospitalist-run post-discharge clinic (PDC) decreases post-discharge adverse events when compared to follow-up in a primary care clinic (PCP) or urgent care clinic (UC). Retrospective cohort study using propensity scoring in multivariate analysis. Consecutive Veterans discharged ...
Cha Hyun-Hwa HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the neonatal outcomes and intrapartum events conducted by staff versus resident physicians in full term vaginal deliveries. We divided study population (n = 5,007) into two groups: staff versus resident physicians. These two groups were sub-divided; faculty versus fellow and senior versus ...
Barreira Sara R SR Department of Anesthesiology, Pain, and Intensive Care, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
Supraglottic airway devices are increasingly used as an option to tracheal intubation for elective procedures of varying complexity. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical use of the laryngeal mask airway Supreme(®) (LMAS) in patients undergoing elective breast surgery and compare it with endotracheal tube (ETT). ...
Calik Burcu B Dünya Göz Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate anterior segment changes with Pentacam Scheimpflug camera after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil injection. Materials and Methods: In all, 44 eyes of 44 patients who underwent PPV by one surgeon were evaluated with Pentacam preoperatively, first week, and first ...
Morris Lilah F LF Section of Surgical Endocrinology, Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer - - 2013
To evaluate whether pre-operative thyroiditis identified by ultrasound (US) could help predict the need for thyroid hormone replacement (THR) following thyroid lobectomy. Data from patients who underwent thyroid lobectomy in 2006-2011, were not taking THR pre-operatively, and had ≥1 month of follow-up were reviewed retrospectively. THR was prescribed for relatively ...
Perl T - - 2013
Background: Perioperative hypothermia is a common complication during general anaesthesia. Although rewarming of patients before surgery has been used as a preventive measure and some guidelines recommend it, the implementation of prewarming for every surgical patient is cumbersome. Therefore we sought to determine the efficacy of two novel prewarming methods ...
Kugu Suleyman - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate in a comparative manner the safety and efficacy of 1.0% sodium-Hyaluronate used during capsulorhexis and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in phacoemulsification surgery. Materials and Methods: 1.0% sodium-Hyaluronate, which is commonly used as one of the ophthalmic viscoelastic devices, was compared to intraocular irrigating solution, which can ...
Weis Florian F Department of Anesthesiology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, - - 2013
To evaluate the role of plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green (PDR-ICG) as an outcome prediction tool in cardiac surgery. One hundred ninety patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, valve surgery or combined procedures were enrolled. PDR-ICG measurements along with standard lab values were performed preoperative and on postoperative days ...
Garg Manish M Department of Urology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, - - 2013
Prospective randomized study on transperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (TPLU) versus open ureterolithotomy (OU) for treatment of large impacted ureteric stones (≥ 1.5 cm) and assessment of overall results. In a prospective study between 2010 to 2012, 30 patients underwent TPLU and 30 OU based on 1:1 randomization. The operation was indicated ...
Kang Hyo Jae HJ Center for Lung Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, , Goyang, - - 2014
The impact of procedure sequence and primary procedure has not been studied in the combined application of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in lung cancer staging. In a randomised controlled trial, 160 patients with histologically confirmed or strongly suspected potentially operable non-small ...
Stundner Ottokar - - 2013
Regional anesthesia has proven to be a highly effective technique for pain control after total shoulder arthroplasty. However, concerns have been raised about the safety of upper-extremity nerve blocks, particularly with respect to the incidence of perioperative respiratory and neurologic complications, and little is known about their influence, if any, ...
Kim Jung-Won - - 2013
This study compared the abilities of cerebral, renal, and splanchnic regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) immediately after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to predict early postoperative outcomes for children undergoing congenital heart surgery. The study enrolled 73 children (ages 0.1-72 months) undergoing corrective or palliative cardiac surgery requiring CPB. Laboratory and hemodynamic ...
Schloss Brian - - 2013
To investigate the outcomes of pediatric patients receiving a femoral nerve block (FNB) in addition to general anesthesia for arthroscopic knee surgery compared with those receiving general anesthesia alone. This retrospective review included all patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery from January 2009 to January 2011 under general anesthesia both with ...
Ji Fuhai F Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China; Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of California Davis Health System, Sacramento, - - 2014
This study retrospectively investigated the effect of dexmedetomidine on outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Retrospective investigation. Patients from a single tertiary medical center. A total of 724 patients undergoing CABG surgery met the inclusion criteria and were categorized into 2 groups: 345 in the dexmedetomidine ...
Künzli Beat M - - 2013
In addition to a preoperative antibiotic single-shot prophylaxis, we tested the impact of a one-time preoperative water-filtered infrared A irradiation (wIRA) on postoperative wound healing of patients. wIRA improves wound healing in postoperative settings. A total of 400 consecutive patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery were randomly assigned to the treatment group ...
Shinnabe Akihiro - - 2013
The objectives of the study were to investigate the characteristics of ears with dehiscence of the fallopian canal at the time of cholesteatoma surgery and the relationship between dehiscence and age, and to consider the reasons why the fallopian canal tends to be preserved in pediatric patients. This study included ...
Zhang Ye - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to assess the feasibility and safety of a new volume threshold for chest tube removal following lobectomy. The prospective randomized single-blind control study included 90 consecutive patients who underwent lobectomy or bilobectomy for pathological conditions between March 2012 and September 2012. Eligible patients ...
Ecka Ruth Shifa - - 2013
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is the preferred modality nowadays for the cytological diagnosis of various mediastinal and gastrointestinal lesions. Onsite cytopathology interpretation is not available in most centers. The objective of this study is to assess whether rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) by cytopathologist of the tissue samples improves the diagnostic ...
Aida Toshiaki T Department of General Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, - - 2014
An immune-enhancing diet has been used to alter eicosanoid synthesis, cytokine production, and immune function in an attempt to limit the undesired immune reactions after injury from surgery. This prospective randomized study was designed to investigate the effect of preoperative immunonutrition on operative complications, and the participation of prostaglandin E2 ...
Vibert Eric E AP-HP Hôpital Paul Brousse, Centre Hépato-Biliaire, Villejuif, France; Inserm, Unité 785, Villejuif, France; Université Paris-Sud, Villejuif, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is a severe complication after hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. This study evaluated its actual incidence and its effects on short- and long-term overall survival (OS) in a specialized center. Between 2006 and 2008, 193 patients who underwent 232 hepatectomies (147 minor and 85 major) for ...
Wong-Lun-Hing Edgar M - - 2013
There is debate concerning the best mode of delivery of analgesia following liver resection, with continuous i.m. infusion of bupivacaine (CIB) plus patient-controlled i.v. analgesia (PCA) suggested as an alternative to continuous epidural analgesia (CEA). This study compares these two modalities. A total of 498 patients undergoing major hepatectomy between ...
Ilham Cenk C Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Success rate of catheter applications is low in supraclavicular block. Thus, bupivacaine and levobupivacaine become important with their long effect time in single injection practices. In this study, we aimed to compare the effectiveness, side effects and complications of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine in supraclavicular block. Sixty patients aged between 20 ...
Desai Sameer N SN Department of Anaesthesiology, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Medical College, Sattur, Dharwad, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
A review of all the adjuncts for intravenous regional anaesthesia concluded that there is good evidence to recommend NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatory agents and pethidine in the dose of 30mg dose as adjuncts to intravenous regional anaesthesia. But there are no studies to compare pethidine of 30mg dose to any of the ...
Sutherland Ainsley M - - 2013
Antidepressant medications are commonly prescribed for the treatment of depression, anxiety, and chronic pain. Their use may lead to a number of side effects with important implications in the perioperative period. Our aim was to examine the effect of preoperative antidepressant administration on post-surgical hospital length of stay (LOS) in ...
Imbuldeniya Arjuna M - - 2013
We present a long-term follow-up report of 33 cementless total hip arthroplasties in 27 patients who have an established diagnosis of Paget's disease. The medium term results of this series were reported in 2007 (Lusty et al. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2007;22:692). Fourteen cases were available for follow-up at an average ...
Alexandrou Evan - - 2013
To report procedural characteristics and outcomes from a central venous catheter placement service operated by advanced practice nurses. Single-center observational study. A tertiary care university hospital in Sydney, Australia. Adult patients from the general wards and from critical care areas receiving a central venous catheter, peripherally inserted central catheter, high-flow ...
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