Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2157
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Kaya Menşure - - 2013
PURPOSE: In the present study, we evaluated the effects of interscalene brachial plexus block on postoperative pain relief and morphine consumption after modified radical mastectomy (MRM). METHODS: Sixty ASA I-III patients scheduled for elective unilateral MRM under general anesthesia were included. They were randomly allocated into two groups: group 1 ...
Song J W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>We evaluated the effect of ketamine as an adjunct to a fentanyl-based i.v. patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients at high risk of PONV undergoing lumbar spinal surgery. METHODS: /st>Fifty non-smoking female patients were evenly randomized to either the control or ketamine group. According ...
Ahn Seong Joon - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To compare the postoperative photoreceptor status and visual outcome after epiretinal membrane removal with or without additional internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. METHODS:: Medical records of 40 eyes from 37 patients undergoing epiretinal membrane removal with residual ILM peeling (additional ILM peeling group) and 69 eyes from 65 patients ...
Kanzaki Hiromitsu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Settings for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of esophageal cancer have not been standardized, and no studies have directly compared ESD devices in humans.METHODS:We conducted a randomized study to compare the performances of two different endo-knives, the Flush knife and Mucosectom, for esophageal ESD in 48 lesions. All procedures were initiated ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2013
AIMS: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) following cardiac surgery is a frequent complication with multifactorial etiologies. Recently inflammation due to enhanced oxidative stress has been implicated in its pathogenesis. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a promising and novel antioxidant agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose oral-NAC ...
Kin Cindy - - 2013
: National quality initiatives have mandated the earlier removal of urinary catheters after surgery to decrease urinary tract infection rates. A potential unintended consequence is an increased postoperative urinary retention rate. : The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for postoperative urinary retention after ...
Calista D - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the disease-free time (DFT) and overall survival (OS) of patients with intermediate or high-risk cutaneous melanoma who were treated with conventional surgery alone, and to compare them with that of a second group of patients who were treated with surgery and ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
To compare the morphology of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps created by 2 femtosecond lasers. Ophthalmic Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Lab, Beijing, China. Comparative case series. The RTVue optical coherence tomography (OCT) device was used to measure the morphology of LASIK ...
Roudijk R W - - 2013
Although rare, children and young adults can suffer from significant cardiac arrhythmia, especially in the context of congenital malformations and after cardiac surgery. A total of 62 patients (32 female, median age 20 years) underwent an invasive electrophysiology study between 2008-2011: half had normal cardiac anatomy, whereas the remaining patients had ...
Gill Lindsay K - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: One goal of pre-operative sensorimotor testing is to determine fusion potential. Potential for recovery of binocularity following surgical repair of strabismus is inversely correlated to duration of misalignment. The purpose of this study was to determine binocular vision outcomes in long-standing, large-angle, constant exotropia, when the pre-operative sensorimotor ...
Choi G W - - 2013
We reviewed 91 patients (103 feet) who underwent a Ludloff osteotomy combined with additional procedures. According to the combined procedures performed, patients were divided into Group I (31 feet; first web space release), Group II (35 feet; Akin osteotomy and trans-articular release), or Group III (37 feet; Akin osteotomy, supplementary ...
Karakaya Arif - - 2013
CONTEXT: During one hospital stay, a patient can be cared for by five different units. With patient transfer from one unit to another, it is of prime importance to convey a complete picture of the patient's situation to minimise the risk of medical errors and to provide optimal patient care. ...
Abdelghany A M - - 2013
To evaluate a new composite cartilage-perichondrium graft (button graft) for repair of small-sized tympanic membrane perforations and to compare its success rate with that of the underlay and overlay techniques with temporal fascia or tragal perichondrium. Prospective, sequential allocation of surgical technique study. Tertiary care university hospital. One hundred 95 ...
Feldman Debbie Ehrmann - - 2013
Abstract Background: Persons with heart failure (HF) at high risk for adverse events should be followed by specialized HF clinics, since follow-up by specialized HF clinics improves outcomes for HF patients. The objective was to determine whether there were disparities for gender and other factors associated with referral of patients ...
Scavonetto Federica - - 2013
Two prospective trials have demonstrated prophylactic antimuscarinics following prostatectomy reduce pain from bladder spasms. Our practice adopted the routine administration of prophylactic belladonna and opium (B&O) suppositories to patients undergoing robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). The aim of this study is to determine if this change in clinical practice ...
Alkhatib A A - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the present study was to find whether informing endoscopists that their FT is being tracked would result in decreasing their overall fluoroscopy utilization as measured by FT. Methods: We reviewed the medical charts of patients underwent ERCP from April 2011 to May 2012. On December 15, ...
Niramis Rangsan - - 2013
Introduction: Preoperative prognostic predictors are important for surgeons and parents to estimate the survival of patients with esophageal atresia (EA). The aim of this study was to update the clinical outcomes of EA treatment by comparing between the Waterston and the Spitz classification. Materials and Methods: Medical records of the ...
Parolini Filippo - - 2013
This retrospective study was performed to compare the relative incidence of esophageal atresia (EA) with proximal tracheoesophageal fistula (PTEF) at our institution with those reported in literature and to test the hypothesis that our higher relative incidence is caused by the routine use of tracheoscopy. A total of 204 children ...
Slavković Zoran - - 2013
Combined spinal-epidural-general anesthesia has several advantages over general anesthesia alone. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of intrathecal (IT) morphine alone, or in combination with bupivacaine and fentanyl, as part of a combined spinal-epidural (CSE) analgesia, in patients undergoing elective total gastrectomy. This prospective, randomized double-blind study included ...
Fujita Yoshihito - - 2013
The requisite anesthetic concentration of sevoflurane required to obtain adequate sedation when sufficient analgesics are supplied has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to determine the requisite age-associated concentration of sevoflurane to obtain an adequate level of anesthesia during combined epidural-general anesthesia by bispectral index (BIS) monitoring. ...
Oh Ji Na - - 2013
The oculocardiac reflex (OCR) can be elicited during manipulation of the orbital structures in the strabismus correction surgery. A sinus bradycardia is the most common manifestation of OCR; and cardiac dysrhythmia and asystole may also occur. Various efforts to reduce OCR have been attempted, but without coherent outcome results. Sixty ...
Jeon Dae Geun - - 2013
The ultrasound guidance in regional nerve blocks has recently been introduced and gaining popularity. Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block has many advantages including the higher success rate, faster onset time, and fewer complications. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical data according to the varied volume of local anesthetics ...
Nganvongpanit Korakot - - 2013
Thirty-one dogs with patellar luxation (grades 2 and 3) were categorized into three groups. Group 1 (G.1; n = 12) had sodium hyaluronate (SHA) intra-articularly injected into the stifle joint that received surgery. Group 2 (G.2; n = 10) received SHA twice: first after surgery and then 1 week later. ...
Costa Haracelli Christina Barbosa Alves Leite da - - 2013
To compare the postoperative clinical outcomes of patients undergoing cancer surgery in the Mato Grosso Cancer Hospital before and after implementation of the ACERTO protocol. We prospectively observed 271 patients during two periods: the first between April and May 2010 (n = 101) comprised patients undergoing conventional conducts (Phase 1) ...
Kulshrestha Vidushi - - 2013
Background & objectives: Uterine myoma is a common indication for hysterectomy in India. An effective medical treatment option may reduce hysterectomy associated morbidity. This study was undertaken to evaluate efficacy and safety of low dose mifepristone in medical management of myoma and to compare two doses - 10 vs. 25 ...
Robards Christopher B - - 2013
There is debate as to whether nerve stimulation (NS) is required to place peripheral nerve catheters when using ultrasound (US) guidance. There is conflicting evidence for whether stimulating catheters improve postoperative analgesia compared to non-stimulating catheters. The use of US in combination with NS has been shown to be superior ...
Beigh Zafarullah Z Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Govt. Medical College Srinagar J&K India. Srinagar. - - 2013
Various hemostatic and analgesic agents and techniques have been used to reduce intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhage and pain in tonsillectomy.Aims and objective; The current study aimed to compare the effect of using adrenaline plus tramadol and normal saline in maintaining hemostasis and control of pain in cold dissection tonsillectomy. This ...
Soltani Ghasem G Department of Anesthesiology, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2013
Cardiac surgery under Cardiopulmonary bypass causes a systemic inflammatory response with a multifactorial etiology including direct tissue damage, ischemia and stimulation of immune system induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. This study was designed due to the high prevalence and complications of this stimulated immune system in mortality, morbidity, length of ICU ...
Wardenburg Marla J MJ Department of Urology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
To evaluate a model of elective postoperative clinic appointments after a minor urological procedure and to compare it to the traditional practice of routine appointments. A total of 104 consecutive patients undergoing adult circumcision under local anesthesia were divided into 2 groups; group A (n = 45) received routine postoperative clinic ...
Shrestha B - - 2013
Utero-vaginal prolapse is one of the commonest cause for vaginal operations in our country. The expense of this operation can be reduced by reducing duration of catheterization and thereby reducing hospital stay. A prospective, comparative hospital based study was used to assess whether removal of an in-dwelling catheter after 24 ...
Pollack Murray M MM Department of Child Health, University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2013
Determine if the shortest sampling interval for laboratory variables used to estimate baseline severity of illness in pediatric critical care is equivalently sensitive across multiple sites without site-specific bias, while accounting for the vast majority of dysfunction compared with the standard 0- to 12-hour Pediatric Risk of Mortality III score. ...
Thompson Alecia - - 2013
Objective To explore whether superior mesenteric artery (SMA) peak systolic velocity (PSV) on Doppler ultrasound varies by gestational age (GA) and time from first enteral feeding and has an impact on feeding intolerance.Design/Methods Preterm neonates were assigned to three GA groups at birth, group I: 31 to 356/7 weeks, group ...
Pradeep Avani R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: The objectives were to compare periodontal status between subjects with and without Parkinson's disease (PKD) to determine the influence of PKD on periodontal disease. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship of periodontal status with severity of PKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on ...
Musio D - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to compare in a retrospective study the outcome of aortoaortic graft (straight graft) versus aortoiliac graft (bifurcated graft) with regards to periprocedural and 30-day after surgery complications. Methods: From January 2004 to December 2009 377 patients underwent elective open surgery for infrarenal abdominal ...
Manning C J - - 2013
In clinical trials, treating Dupuytren's contracture with collagenase injection involves manipulation the day after injection, without local anaesthesia. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of manipulation 2 days after injection with local anaesthesia. Forty-five patients received 50 injections into cords contracting metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints; follow-up visits were at ...
Skalicky Simon E - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To determine the performance of combined trabeculectomy-cyclodialysis surgery over a 25-year period. METHODS:: A retrospective cohort study of 55 eyes (39 patients) treated between 1987 and 2012 was performed.The following data were collected: age, sex, glaucoma etiology, preoperative and postoperative number of topical medications, preoperative and postoperative laser trabeculoplasty, ...
Jeong Duck Hyoun - - 2013
The optimal time between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and surgery for rectal cancer has been debated. This study evaluated the influence of this interval on oncological outcomes. We compared postoperative complications, pathological downstaging, disease recurrence, and survival in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent surgical resection <8 weeks (group ...
Yoon Jung-Ro - - 2013
Achieving rectangular flexion and extension gaps is important during gap balancing technique in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, assessment of gaps throughout the range of knee motion is obscure. One hundred knees operated by TKA using a navigation-assisted gap balancing technique were evaluated. Intraoperatively, after achieving rectangular flexion and extension ...
Wu Fu-Yu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is widely accepted as the preferred procedure to establish long-term enteral feeding. OBJECTIVE: To learn the long-term outcomes of the patients who have undergone PEG placement, we reviewed our experience with children who underwent this procedure in our institute. METHODS: A total of 83 pediatric ...
Toma Ahmed K - - 2013
Introduction. The flow diverting stent (FDS) is a relatively new endovascular therapeutic tool specifically designed to reconstruct the parent artery and divert blood flow along the normal anatomical course and away from the aneurysm neck and dome. Methods. Retrospective review of prospectively built clinical and imaging database of patients treated ...
Correia Luis Cláudio Lemos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: An adequate door-to-balloon time (<120 minutes) is the necessary condition for the efficacy of primary angioplasty in infarction to translate into effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness of a quality of care protocol in reducing the door-to-balloon time. METHODS: Between May 2010 and August 2012, all individuals undergoing primary ...
Torresani Toni - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Switzerland introduced newborn screening (NBS) for CF in 2011, using an IRT/DNA/IRT protocol. This paper describes the results of the first year and compares two versions of the protocol with different IRT cut-offs, particularly effects on recall rate, sensitivity and specificity. METHODS: IRT cut-offs were >45ng/ml (99.0th percentile) in ...
Abdul-Haqq Ryan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the outcomes of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) to EVLA of the GSV and calf incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) in management of venous stasis ulcers (VSUs). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with active VSUs (clinical, etiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology ...
Weitao Yao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While performing sacrectomy from a posterior approach enables the en bloc resection of sacral tumors, it can result in deep posterior peritoneal defects and postoperative complications. We investigated whether defect reconstruction with gluteus maximus (GLM) adipomuscular sliding flaps would improve patient outcomes. METHODS: Between February 2007 and February 2012, ...
Helvacioglu Firat - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the safety and efficacy of Ozil Intelligent Phaco torsional microcoaxial phacoemulsification surgeries performed with 12-degree and 22-degree bent tips using the Infiniti Vision System. SETTING: Maltepe University School of Medicine Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul, Turkey. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: Eyes were assigned to 2.2 mm microcoaxial ...
Emara Amr - - 2013
• To identify differences between ablative and extirpative minimally invasive techniques represented by laparoscopic guided cryoablation (LC) and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) respectively in treating small renal tumours in different aspects including safety, peri-operative morbidity and early oncological outcomes. • Between June 2008 and April 2012 we have treated 56 ...
Casoni Paolo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether great saphenous vein (GSV) surgery without high ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) is beneficial in terms of varicose vein recurrence. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized trial set in a private practice. From December 2000 to May 2004, 120 patients ...
Jones C - - 2013
Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) have been shown to reduce length of hospital stay (LOS) and complications in colorectal surgery. Whether ERPs have the same benefits in open liver resection surgery is unclear, and randomized clinical trials are lacking. Consecutive patients scheduled for open liver resection were randomized to an ERP ...
Kaplan Steve A - - 2013
Post operative "pain" after TURP is generally related to bladder spasms. They are usually treated with antimuscarinic agents given either orally, transdermally or by suppository. However, these agents, in the short term, may result in constipation and more difficulty in voiding when the catheter is removed. In this study, the ...
Bo T - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of studies comparing laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy and conventional open distal gastrectomy have been reported; the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy have been confirmed. However, few data are available to compare laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) and open techniques for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer ...
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