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Results 501 - 550 of 2482
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Witkowski Maria Carolina MC Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto AlegreRS, - - 2013
To compare two systems of arterial catheters maintenance in postoperative pediatric surgery using intermittent or continuous infusion of heparin solution and to analyze adverse events related to the site of catheter insertion and the volume of infused heparin solution. Randomized control trial with 140 patients selected for continuous infusion group ...
Suksathien Rachawan R Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. - - 2013
Navigated THA is a new procedure in Thailand that has been performed since 2012. The previous studies have reported that navigated THA was a safe and reliable procedure that resulted in a more consistent cup placement compared to the conventional free hand technique. Furthermore, it decreased complications of THA, especially ...
Yarapatineni Rameshbabu R Department of Prosthodontcics, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
This study was undertaken to compare the retention between sectional border molding using low fusing greenstick compound and single step border molding using condensation silicone (putty) impression material in three stages- A. Immediately following border molding, B. After final impression and C. With the finished permanent denture base. In this ...
Hwang Duk Yeon DY Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
We aimed to examine the effect of gum chewing after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery in Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine. We divided the patients into 2 groups: group A consisted ...
Hoppe Daniel J - - 2013
Historically, the preoperative consultation has consisted of a discussion between patient and surgeon. There is a growing literature describing efforts to integrate multimedia into surgical patient education. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of an educational video tutorial on early learning of information specific to patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy ...
De Cillà Stefano - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate corneal subbasal layer changes after uneventful cataract surgery by means of in vivo confocal microscopy. Methods: This prospective study included 30 patients. Before surgery, and 1, 3, 6, 8 and 10 months after cataract surgery, all patients underwent a complete ophthalmological and confocal microscopy examination in the ...
Ye Bo - - 2013
The present study compared the outcomes between patients who had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy and transsternal (TS) thymectomy for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma. The outcomes of 262 patients without myasthenia gravis who had undergone surgery for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma from January 2008 to ...
Ming An-Xiao AX Department of Pediatric Surgery, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, P. R. - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the long term outcomes between laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula anorectal malformations (ARM). Thirty-two ARM children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula who underwent LAARP between October 2001 and March 2012 were reviewed. ...
Dold Andrew P - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The utility of a femoral nerve block as an adjunct for pain management has been recognized for various surgical techniques but has yet to be examined in the preoperative setting as an adjunct to general anesthesia for improved postoperative pain control in hip arthroscopic surgery. PURPOSE:To evaluate the safety and ...
Xin Yu - - 2013
Today local anesthetic wound infiltration is widely used as an effective adjunct during multimodal postoperative pain management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous wound infusion of ropivacaine for postoperative pain relief, opioids sparing, nausea and vomiting, bowel and liver function improvement in patients undergoing ...
Chen Sen - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the influence of a half-course tourniquet strategy on the peri-operative blood loss and early functional recovery in primary total knee arthroplasty. A prospective clinical randomised controlled study was carried out in which 64 patients were equally divided into two groups: half-course group ...
Aydogan Mehmet - - 2013
Many methods of determining the anteversion of the acetabular cup have been described in the literature. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed in this paper. We present a new method of measuring the acetabular anteversion at the anteroposterior hip. The formula designed by the authors ...
Blakey G H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether skeletal and dental outcomes following Le Fort I surgery differed when stabilization was performed with polylactate bioresorbable devices or titanium devices. Fifty-seven patients with preoperative records and at least 1 year postoperative records were identified and grouped according to the stabilization ...
Koren Michael J MJ Jacksonville Center for Clinical Research, Jacksonville, FL (M.J.K.); TIMI Study Group, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (R.P.G., M.S.S.); Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (F.J.R.); Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia (D.S.); Bethesda Health Research Center, Bethesda, MD (M.B.); Lipid Clinic, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway (G.L.); Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain (F.C.); and Amgen Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA (R.S., P.N., T.L., R.S., - - 2014
Evolocumab (AMG 145), a monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in phase 2 studies of 12 weeks' duration. The longer-term efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibition remain undefined. Of 1359 randomized and dosed patients in the 4 evolocumab phase 2 parent ...
Gu Guangfei - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in two-level degenerative lumbar disease. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 82 patients, who underwent two-level minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) from March ...
Menon Shaji C SC Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are few data on patent foramen ovale closure and its outcome in children. In this study, we evaluated the current clinical practice, resource utilization, and outcome of device closure of patent foramen ovale in children. We hypothesized that patent foramen ovale closure would not result in a demonstrated benefit ...
Dumantepe Mert - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the pain perception and side effects during and after endovenous laser ablation with a 1470 nm diode laser using cold or room temperature tumescence anesthesia. One hundred and one patients were randomly assigned in two groups. Group A received room temperature (+24) ...
Serin Didem - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of the combined procedure in the management of involutional entropion. In this study, we reviewed 45 eyes of 36 patients who underwent the combined procedure (lateral tarsal strip, retractor tightening, and everting sutures) for the management of involutional lower eyelid entropion and compared the results with ...
Johnson Matthew S - - 2013
To compare outcomes between patients undergoing trabeculectomy with an Ex-PRESS mini glaucoma device using mitomycin-C (MMC) to those undergoing the same procedure using a subconjunctival collagen matrix implant (Ologen). All patients underwent a trabeculectomy using an Ex-PRESS shunt. A total of 49 eyes of 37 patients received Ologen, and 50 ...
Schoenberg Evan D - - 2013
To compare operative outcomes of patients after phacocanaloplasty and phacotrabeculectomy through 12 months' follow-up. Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. We included 36 eyes of 36 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and canaloplasty (phacocanaloplasty) and 41 eyes of 41 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and ...
De Oliveira Gildasio S GS - - 2013
Hypoventilation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients having procedures under sedation. Few clinical strategies have been evaluated to reduce intraoperative hypoventilation during surgical procedures under deep sedation. The primary objective of this investigation was to examine the effect of ketamine on hypoventilation in patients receiving deep ...
Olsen Karsten S - - 2013
Anaesthesia followed by positioning in the prone position takes time and may have complications. The hypothesis was that self-positioning in the prone position followed by anaesthesia and introduction of a laryngeal mask airway (LM method) would be faster with fewer complications than positioning after tracheal intubation (ET method). Randomised, prospective ...
Rozec B - - 2013
Backgroun: For decades thiopental has been considered as the hypnotic drug of choice for intracranial surgery. However, total intravenous anesthesia performed with thiopental is associated with delayed recovery, whereas early post-operative neurological evaluation is critical. For this reason, target controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol is increasingly used for maintenance of ...
Wang Yun-Tao - - 2013
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has been routinely performed for the treatment of lumbar segmental lesions. However, traditional PLIF procedures can result in a variety of approach-related morbidities. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of endoscopy-assisted PLIF in lumbar arthrodesis. From July 2005 to May 2007, ...
Tang Cheng Wu - - 2013
We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy of spleen salvage during distal pancreatectomy for patients with benign and borderline malignant tumors. Despite the emphasis on its role, the spleen has commonly been removed in distal pancreatectomy. From January 2005 to July 2009, 82 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy ...
Khorgami Zhamak - - 2013
ABSTRACT Backgrounds: Despite increasing trend in single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), there is still controversy regarding its global acceptance as a routine practice. Our study aimed to compare surgical events, early in-hospital and later outcomes of SILC with conventional multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: Through a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ...
Young Yoo Ji - - 2013
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is accomplished with a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a bronchial blocker (BB). The authors compared the effectiveness of lung collapse using DLT, BB, and BB with the disconnection technique. Prospective, randomized, blind trial. A university hospital. Fifty-two patients undergoing elective pneumothorax surgery. Patients were assigned randomly to ...
Sahin Ayça Sultan - - 2013
While bupivacaine is the most frequently used local anesthetic for spinal anesthesia, use of levobupivacaine in clinical practice has advanced recently. The aim of our study was to compare the clinical and anesthetic effects of isobaric bupivacaine and isobaric levobupivacaine when administered intrathecally in patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. ASA ...
Netland Peter A PA University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the clinical outcomes of the EX-PRESS glaucoma filtration device placed under a partial-thickness scleral flap with trabeculectomy. Randomized, prospective, multicenter trial. A total of 120 eyes in 120 subjects were analyzed, including 59 eyes treated with EX-PRESS and 61 eyes treated with trabeculectomy. Both the EX-PRESS and the ...
Solovyova Olga - - 2013
We studied the efficacy of local infiltration analgesia in surgical wounds with 0.2% ropivacaine (50 mL), ketorolac (15 mg), and adrenaline (0.5 mg) compared with that of local infiltration analgesia combined with continuous infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine as a method of pain control after total hip arthroplasty. We hypothesized that ...
Foroughi M - - 2013
Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the intraoperative ultrafiltration effect on postoperative AKI. Methods: In this prospective randomized clinical trail, 159 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery, were randomly assigned to either hemofilter (N.=87) or control group (N.=72). The primary and secondary outcomes were AKI (defined as ...
Chen Szu-Han - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of one-step percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) by the urologist alone and two-step PCNL by cooperating with the radiologist. We included 168 patients who underwent surgery by the same surgeon, 83 who underwent two-step PCNL, in which percutaneous nephrostomy insertion was performed ...
Kawabata Akira - - 2013
Objectives. We performed a modified Sauvé-Kapandji procedure for treating disorders of distal radioulnar joint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This procedure involves resecting the distal part of the ulna, rotating the resected portion by 90° and fixating it with the distal part of the radius for shelf plasty. The ...
Miyazaki Shinsuke - - 2013
Background: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) termination has been reported as a predictor of clinical outcome after persistent AF (PsAF) ablation, the relationship between AF termination site and mode and clinical outcome has not been fully evaluated. Methods and Results: A total of 135 patients (62±9 years) underwent their first ablation procedure for ...
Velmurugan Arumugam A Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontia, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
To compare the effect of 20% aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula and Emblica officinallis with chlorhexidine as an anticaries mouthwash - an in vivo study. 20% aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula and Emblica officinalis were prepared. Forty five high caries risk patients were divided into group 1,2,3 [ n=15]and asked ...
Calik Burcu B Dünya Göz Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate anterior segment changes with Pentacam Scheimpflug camera after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil injection. Materials and Methods: In all, 44 eyes of 44 patients who underwent PPV by one surgeon were evaluated with Pentacam preoperatively, first week, and first ...
Godden A R - - 2013
Epidural anaesthesia (EA) has been the accepted standard for postoperative analgesia in open abdominal surgery. However, it is not without significant risk. This study aimed to audit the effect of EA and ultrasonography placed rectus sheath catheters (RSCs) on analgesia as well as the incidence of postoperative complications following open ...
Cha Hyun-Hwa HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the neonatal outcomes and intrapartum events conducted by staff versus resident physicians in full term vaginal deliveries. We divided study population (n = 5,007) into two groups: staff versus resident physicians. These two groups were sub-divided; faculty versus fellow and senior versus ...
Morris Lilah F LF Section of Surgical Endocrinology, Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer - - 2013
To evaluate whether pre-operative thyroiditis identified by ultrasound (US) could help predict the need for thyroid hormone replacement (THR) following thyroid lobectomy. Data from patients who underwent thyroid lobectomy in 2006-2011, were not taking THR pre-operatively, and had ≥1 month of follow-up were reviewed retrospectively. THR was prescribed for relatively ...
Story DA - - 2013
Co-management and critical care outreach for high risk surgical patients have been proposed to decrease postoperative complications and mortality. We proposed that a clinical project with postoperative comanagement and critical care outreach, the Post Operative Surveillance Team: (POST), would be associated with decreased hospital length of stay. We conducted a ...
Byrd J W Thomas - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic treatment for pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the hip. All patients undergoing hip arthroscopy are prospectively assessed with a modified Harris Hip Score preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 12, 24, 60, and 120 months. Thirteen patients were identified ...
Barreira Sara R SR Department of Anesthesiology, Pain, and Intensive Care, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
Supraglottic airway devices are increasingly used as an option to tracheal intubation for elective procedures of varying complexity. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical use of the laryngeal mask airway Supreme(®) (LMAS) in patients undergoing elective breast surgery and compare it with endotracheal tube (ETT). ...
Burke Robert E RE Hospital Medicine Section, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, - - 2014
New post-discharge strategies to reduce adverse events are needed. To determine whether follow-up in a hospitalist-run post-discharge clinic (PDC) decreases post-discharge adverse events when compared to follow-up in a primary care clinic (PCP) or urgent care clinic (UC). Retrospective cohort study using propensity scoring in multivariate analysis. Consecutive Veterans discharged ...
Kavalci G - - 2013
Sevoflurane is an ideal agent for anesthesia since its respiratory irritant effect is minimal during mask induction. Emergence agitation (EA) is a common problem after anesthesia with sevoflurane. In this study it was aimed to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine and remifentanyl on emergence agitation after sevoflurane anesthesia in adults ...
Barshes Neal R - - 2013
The costs associated with local wound care after revascularization can be significant, and it has been suggested that early closure or healing of foot wounds can be a source of cost savings. We sought to determine the safety and effectiveness of attempts to primarily close chronic foot wounds early after ...
Seo Jai-Gon - - 2013
Purpose: We devised an intraoperatively identifiable mechanical axis (IIMA) as a reference of alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Materials and Methods: Between February 2010 and January 2011, primary TKAs were consecutively performed on 672 patients (1007 knees) using an IIMA as a reference in the coronal plane. Results: The ...
Guérin F - - 2013
Meso-Rex bypass (MRB) and portosystemic surgical shunt (PSS) are both used to treat extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) in children. The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of MRB and PSS to select patients who could benefit from a prophylactic MRB. This single-centre retrospective study of children ...
Celik Oner - - 2013
We aimed to decrease the postseptoplasty morbidities depending on nasal packing by using Merocel within glove finger moistened with tetracaine 0.25% solution. The study was designed as a randomized prospective study. A university hospital in Turkey. Our study consisted of 80 patients who underwent septoplasty. The Merocel nasal tampon within ...
Perl T - - 2013
Background: Perioperative hypothermia is a common complication during general anaesthesia. Although rewarming of patients before surgery has been used as a preventive measure and some guidelines recommend it, the implementation of prewarming for every surgical patient is cumbersome. Therefore we sought to determine the efficacy of two novel prewarming methods ...
Weis Florian F Department of Anesthesiology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, - - 2013
To evaluate the role of plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green (PDR-ICG) as an outcome prediction tool in cardiac surgery. One hundred ninety patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, valve surgery or combined procedures were enrolled. PDR-ICG measurements along with standard lab values were performed preoperative and on postoperative days ...
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