Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2380
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Walsh Tom P - - 2013
Calcaneal osteomyelitis is a surgical diagnosis that may be treated by local, resection or major amputation. To determine the effectiveness of calcanectomy for treating calcaneal osteomyelitis. We conducted a retrospective review of patients receiving calcanectomy between 1st April 2005 and 1st October 2011 for calcaneal osteomyelitis. We reviewed these cases ...
Aguirre J - - 2013
Ischemic brain damage has been reported in healthy patients after beach chair position for surgery due to cerebral hypoperfusion. Near-infrared spectroscopy has been described as a non-invasive, continuous method to monitor cerebral oxygen saturation. However, its impact on neurobehavioral outcome comparing different anesthesia regimens has been poorly described. In this ...
Chung Jae Ho - - 2013
Although video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) pleural drainage and decortication have been proven to be effective treatments in the early stages of empyema, the optimal timing of VATS is still not clear. To assess the effectiveness of early VATS drainage and decortication, we reviewed the records of patients who underwent VATS and ...
Gasior Alessandra C AC The Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, - - 2014
Single site laparoscopy for appendectomy is a technique with several case series suggesting a cosmetic advantage, but without prospective comparative data. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing single site laparoscopic appendectomy to the standard 3-port approach, including scar assessment at early and long-term follow-up. Enrolled patients over 12years old ...
Adibe Obinna O OO The Center for Prospective Clinical Trials The Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City, - - 2014
We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing protocol to ad libitum (ad lib) feeding after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy. Infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy were randomized to protocol versus ad lib feeding strategies. The protocol started with Pedialyte® two hours post-operative. This was repeated by another round of Pedialyte®, then two rounds of ...
Luo Hong - - 2013
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is becoming a safe and cosmetic alternative to standard median sternotomy (SMS). In the present retrospective study, we reviewed our results and experience with the totally thoracoscopic (TTS) and right vertical infra-axillary thoracotomy (RVIAT) techniques for atrial septal defect closure compared with SMS. From December 2010 ...
Carter Dan - - 2013
A sequential bidirectional endoscopy is commonly performed. However, the optimal sequence of procedures for same-day bidirectional endoscopy using moderate sedation has not been established. The aim of this study was to characterize the optimal sequence of endoscopies for sequential bidirectional endoscopy. This was a single-center, prospective, randomized study. A total ...
Lenkin Andrey I - - 2013
The authors' primary objective was to test the hypothesis that Cerebral State Index (CSI)-guided control of anesthetic depth might reduce the consumption of anesthetics and shorten the duration of ICU and hospital stays after surgical correction of combined valve disorders. Single center, randomized trial. City Hospital Number 1 of Arkhangelsk, ...
Xu Ju Ling - - 2013
Introduction: Despite the emphasis on its role, the spleen has commonly been removed in distal pancreatectomy. We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy of spleen salvage during distal pancreatectomy for patients with benign and borderline malignant tumors. Methods: From January 2005 to July 2009, 82 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy ...
Shiyong Qi - - 2013
Purpose: To determine the impact of staghorn calculi branch number on outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Materials and Methods: Retrospectively, we evaluated 371 patients (386 renal units) who underwent PNL for staghorn calculi. All calculi were showed with CT 3-dimentional reconstruction (3-DR) imaging preoperatively. From 3-DR images, the number of ...
Birla R - - 2013
Although it is not a new technique, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) is employed only by a few surgeons in the UK. We compared our experience with MIDCAB with that of single vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) graft surgery through a standard median sternotomy. Patients who underwent ...
Lee Ju Hwan - - 2013
Nefopam is a centrally acting analgesic that is used to control pain. The aim of this study was to find an appropriate dose of nefopam that demonstrates an analgesic effect when administered in continuous infusion with fentanyl at the end of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Ninety patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were ...
Matata B - - 2013
There is widespread variability in clinical practice within cardiac surgery units worldwide on the use of haemofiltration. The clinical impact and safety of this modality is, however, unknown. The primary pilot trial objectives were as follows: to assess the feasibility of randomising 60 patients with impaired kidney function undergoing on-pump ...
Beik Nahal - - 2013
No previous studies exist examining implementation of an institution-wide guideline and order set for hyperglycemic emergencies (diabetic ketoacidosis [DKA] and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state [HHS]). Evaluate the impact of an institutional guideline and order set for hyperglycemic emergencies. This retrospective descriptive study evaluated patients with a diagnosis of DKA or HHS. ...
Salman Akgün Ebru - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gabapentin premedication on postoperative 24th hour total analgesic consumption and the incidence of emergence agitation after sevoflurane based anesthesia in pediatric patients undergoingtonsillectomyandadenoidectomy. Methods: 46 healthy, ASA class I or II, aged 3-12 year old children were included ...
Mahendru Vidhi V Department of Anaesthesiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, - - 2013
Various adjuvants are being used with local anesthetics for prolongation of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Dexmedetomidine, the highly selective 2 adrenergic agonist is a new neuraxial adjuvant gaining popularity. The study was conducted in prospective, double blind manner. It included 120 American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class I and II ...
Abdelhalim Ashraf Arafat AA Department of Anesthesia, Alexandria University, Egypt ; Department of Anesthesia, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Emergence agitation (EA) has been documented as a common side-effect of sevoflurane anesthesia. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was designed to compare the effects of ketamine versus fentanyl, administered 10 min before the end of surgery on the development of EA. A total of 120 children aged 3-7 years ...
Reddy Swapna B SB University of California, Irvine Orange, CA, - - 2013
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP ) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) procedures are more complex and longer duration than standard endoscopy, requiring deeper levels of sedation. While prior studies have compared standard sedation (meperidine and midazolam) to propofol, no randomized, controlled trials have evaluated the use of adjunct sedatives in these procedures. ...
Eghbal Mohammad Hossein - - 2013
General anesthesia (GA) is considered the gold standard for external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery. There are few reports about laryngeal mask airway (LMA) use in DCR surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the use of endotracheal intubation (ETT) vs LMA for airway management during DCR surgery. Ninety patients ...
Nasseri-Moghaddam Siavosh S Digestive Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Corticosteroids are used to induce remission in auto-immune hepatitis.They are not universally effective; therefore, alternative treatments are needed.In this study Cysclosporine-A has been compared with prednisolone as an alternativetreatment in a randomized controlled trial. This paper is an interimanalysis of an ongoing clinical trial. Sixteen years and older consenting patients ...
Naguib Nader - - 2013
We evaluate the challenges of laparoscopic colorectal surgery for diverticular disease. Retrospective study of elective laparoscopic colorectal procedures (LCP) performed 2002-2011. The study compares LCP for Diverticular disease (S group) with both LCP for other pathology (C1 group) and open procedures for diverticular disease (C2 group). Statistical analysis was performed ...
Chung Choon Sik - - 2013
In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of inguinal hernia developed after radical retropubic surgery for prostate cancer to the hernia without previous radical prostatectomy. Twenty-three patients (group A) who had radical retropubic surgery for prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic or open tension-free inguinal hernia repair from ...
Zang Jin-Feng JF Jin-Feng Zang, Chi Zhang, Jun-Ye Gao, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Taizhou People's Hospital, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nantong University, Taizhou 225300, Jiangsu Province, - - 2013
To explore the feasibility and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed during the same session. Between July 2010 and May 2013, 156 patients with gallstones and common bile duct (CBD) stones were enrolled in this retrospective study. According to the sequence of endoscopic procedures and LC, ...
Bennett James T - - 2013
Object Several studies of the outcomes of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with thoracolumbar and lumbar curves after treatment with posterior pedicle screws have been reported, but most of these studies reported only 2-year follow-up. The authors analyzed the radiographic and clinical outcomes of patients with thoracolumbar and lumbar ...
Kuo William T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: ALTHOUGH CHRONICALLY IMPLANTED INFERIOR VENA CAVA FILTERS MAY RESULT IN FILTER-RELATED MORBIDITY, THERE IS CURRENTLY NO ROUTINE OPTION FOR REMOVING SUCH FILTERS WHEN THEY BECOME FIRMLY EMBEDDED ALONG THE VENA CAVA ENDOTHELIUM.METHODS AND RESULTS: DURING A 3-YEAR PERIOD, 100 CONSECUTIVE PATIENTS WERE PROSPECTIVELY ENROLLED IN A SINGLE-CENTER STUDY. THERE ...
Xu Ning - - 2013
The optimal management of proximal hypospadias remains uncertain. In this study, the surgical outcomes of tubularized incised plate repair (TIP) and transverse island flap (TVIF) onlay urethroplasty in boys with hypospadias were compared. A total of 176 patients with proximal hypospadias underwent TIP (n = 83) or TVIF onlay repairs (n = 93) by ...
Larrosa Francisco - - 2013
Given the high demand for tonsillectomies in children, the variety of techniques available, and the increasing need to control expenditures, it is important to analyse the costs associated with surgical procedures. The aim in the present study was to compare the cost of interstitial thermotherapy for tonsil volume reduction with ...
Demirhan Abdullah - - 2013
We investigated the effect of a combination of pregabalin and dexamethasone, when used as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen, on pain control after rhinoplasty operations. Sixty patients were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned into three groups: Group C (placebo + placebo), Group P (pregabalin + placebo), and Group PD (pregabalin + dexamethasone). ...
Zhu Xin-Hua XH Xin-Hua Zhu, Ya-Fu Wu, Yu-Dong Qiu, Chun-Ping Jiang, Yi-Tao Ding, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu Province, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of early enteral nutrition (EEN) combined with parenteral nutritional support in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). From January 2006, all patients were given EEN combined with parenteral nutrition (PN) (EEN/PN group, n = 107), while patients prior to this date were given total parenteral nutrition (TPN) (TPN ...
Bu Xianmin - - 2013
To evaluate whether the technique of irrigation around pancreatic remnant after distal pancreatectomy (DP) can reduce the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF) and its related intraabdominal complications. In the retrospective clinical trial, the technique of irrigation around pancreatic remnant after DP was introduced. The clinical data of 60 patients ...
Bruna Esteban Marcos - - 2013
The use of autoadhesive meshes with hooks that allow fixation without sutures is a therapeutic alternative to decrease recurrence and chronic pain after inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate if this kind of mesh has any advantage in long term results in comparison with the ...
Li Tao - - 2013
So far, controversy still exists regarding the use of non-continuous or continuous wound drainage after total knee arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of these two drainage techniques after total knee arthroplasty. We searched the established electronic literature databases of Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane ...
Singh Ragini R Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, SGRR Institute of Medical and Health Sciences , Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India - - 2013
Background: Falciparum malaria has been constantly associated with high morbidity and mortality for a long time. Vivax malaria, which was once thought to be a relatively benign condition, is appearing in its more malignant form, with severity gradually becoming a serious concern. Aim: This study is aimed to find out ...
Rocconi Richard A - - 2013
Objective-To define a method for the basilar sesamoidean approach (BSA) to the digital flexor tendon sheath (DFTS) in horses and compare it with the axial sesamoidean approach (ASA) for DFTS synoviocentesis and injection. Design-Evaluation study. Animals-12 healthy adult mares without evidence of abnormalities related to the lower limbs. Procedures-Each horse ...
Aydemir Ozge - - 2013
To determine changes in body temperature (BT) of hyperbilirubinemic newborns under conventional phototherapy with fluorescent lamps and light emitting diodes (LED) at different irradiances. Otherwise healthy newborn infants >34 wk gestational age (GA) hospitalized for indirect hyperbilirubinemia, requiring phototherapy in the first 10 d of life were enroled. Infants who received conventional ...
Airapetian Norair - - 2013
Quick-look ultrasound with a skin mark (UM) has been frequently used for central vein cannulation. The aim of this study is to compare this method with landmark (LM) and ultrasound-guided (UG) cannulation of jugular and femoral veins by inexperienced operators. Prospective randomized single-center study. A medical intensive care unit (ICU) ...
Davarci Isil - - 2013
To compare unilateral spinal anaesthesia (USA) and ultrasound-guided combined sciatic-femoral nerve block (USFB) in ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgeries in terms of haemodynamic stability, nerve block quality, bladder function, adverse events and time-to-readiness for discharge (TRD). Patients undergoing ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgery were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The ...
Bertolaccini Luca - - 2013
The role of electro-thermal bipolar tissue sealing system (LigaSure(®), LS; Covidien, Inc., CO, USA) in thoracic surgery is still undefined. Reports of its use are still limited. The objective of the trial was to evaluate the cost and benefits of LS in major lung resection surgery. A randomized blinded study ...
Mazine Amine - - 2013
Several methods of aortic clamping have been described for minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS). The aim of this study was to compare the endoaortic balloon occlusion technique with the transthoracic clamp approach in terms of perioperative outcomes. Between May 2006 and October 2011, a total of 259 patients underwent ...
Miceli Antonio - - 2013
To compare the outcomes of right minithoracotomy (RT) versus ministernotomy (MS) in patients undergoing minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (AVR). From January 2005 to December 2011, 406 patients underwent minimally invasive AVR, of whom 251 patients were in the RT group and 155 were in the MS group. The overall ...
Chalkias Athanasios - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of one-hand chest compression while continuously maintaining an open airway (OCOA) on rescue breath-associated hands-off time (RAHO) during single-lay rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this study, 193 CPR/automated external defibrillator certified lay rescuers were randomly allocated into 2 groups and were tested in a standard scenario ...
Tanaka Yoshio - - 2013
Ambulance response time is a major factor associated with survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs); the fast emergency vehicle pre-emption system (FAST™) aids response time by controlling traffic signals. This eight-year observational study investigated whether FAST™ implementation reduced response times and improved OHCA outcomes. Data was prospectively collected from 1161 ...
YanartaƟ Mehmed - - 2013
A relation between the location of the paravalvular leakage (PVL) and time to reoperation after mitral mechanical valve replacement was investigated. In an observational retrospective study plan, from 59 patients who underwent reoperation only 47 patients having clinical and echocardiographic follow-up for five years were included into study. Depending on ...
Abelson Amanda L - - 2013
To determine whether the development of a specific antimicrobial protocol for the treatment of canine intra-abdominal sepsis would improve time to appropriate antimicrobial administration following diagnosis of bacterial peritonitis. Case controlled observational study. A tertiary referral small animal teaching hospital. Twenty dogs undergoing surgery for septic peritonitis prior to the ...
Bonnevialle N - - 2013
Hip arthroplasty needs to be performed in an emergency setting after intracapsular femur neck fracture, whereas pain makes preoperative skin preparation of the limb difficult and it may therefore be incomplete. To date no study has analyzed the patient's skin bacteriological status in these surgical conditions. The skin's bacterial flora ...
Valiante Flavio - - 2013
To compare the bowel cleansing efficacy, tolerability and acceptability of split 2-L polyethylene glycol (PEG)-citrate-simethicone (PEG-CS) plus bisacodyl (BIS) vs 4-L PEG for fecal occult blood test-positive screening colonoscopy. This was a randomised, observer-blind comparative study. Two hundred and sixty-four subjects underwent screening colonoscopy (mean age 62.5 ± 7.4 years, ...
Morris Lilah F - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate whether preoperative thyroiditis idenified by ultrasound (US) could help predict the need for post-thyroid-lobectomy thyroid hormone replacement (THR).Methods: Data from patients who underwent thyroid lobectomy in 2006-2011, were not taking THR preoperatively, and had ≥1 month follow-up were reviewed retrospectively. THR was prescribed for relatively elevated thyroid-stimulating ...
Persec Jasminka - - 2013
We conducted ultrasound-guided single-shot supraclavicular blockade and investigated the analgesic effect of dexamethasone added to levobupivacaine. The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of low-dose dexamethasone to levobupivacaine would prolong the duration of analgesia sufficiently to avoid additional intravenous analgesic use for the first 24 hours postoperatively. ...
Freudlsperger Christian - - 2013
Resorbable osteosynthesis is a widespread tool in craniofacial surgery, however only a limited number of studies have focused on ultrasound-assisted pinned resorbable systems in the treatment of craniosynostosis. Thirty-eight children with various types of craniosynostosis including scaphocephaly, trigonocephaly, anterior and posterior plagiocephaly were treated using the Sonic Welding resorbable osteosynthesis ...
Ho Irene V A - - 2013
There are many different methods for collecting urine from paediatric patients in emergency departments. Therefore, the aims of the study were to: METHODS: The three month study was a prospective non-randomised comparative paediatric pilot study. A purposeful sample of children, requiring a urine microscopy for clinical management, presenting to one ...
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