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Results 451 - 500 of 2427
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Manba Naoko N Division of Digestive and General Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, - - 2014
Early enteral nutrition within 24 h after surgery has become a recommended procedure. In the present study, we retrospectively examined whether initiating EN within 24 h after esophagectomy improves the postoperative course. Among 103 patients who underwent thoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, we enrolled the cases in which EN was ...
Coburger Jan J Department of Neurosurgery, University of Ulm, Günzburg, - - 2014
Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) provides updated information for neuronavigational purposes and assessments on the status of resection during transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). The high-field technique additionally provides information about vascular structures at risk and precise information about extrasellar residual tumor, making it readily available during the procedure. The imaging, however, extends the ...
Datino Tomás T Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of using the Amigo Remote Catheter System (RCS) in arrhythmia ablation procedures. Because Amigo allows the physician to operate all catheter function outside of the radiation field, operator exposure time was also evaluated. This is a nonrandomized, prospective ...
Wu Jian J Spinal unit of orthopedic department of Zhejiang Provincial People's - - 2013
Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Study. To determine the efficacy of absorbable gelatin sponge in reducing blood loss as well as shortening the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing multilevel posterior lumbar spinal surgery. Absorbable gelatin sponge is reported to decrease postoperative drain output and the length of hospital stay ...
Tas Ayca - - 2013
Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is a common day-care procedure in obstetrics and gynecology, with patients discharged after a brief hospital stay on the same day of the surgery. Although it has a short duration, severe pain occurs during the procedure. Therefore, this surgical procedure requires an anesthetic to provide adequate ...
Ekenze S O SO Sub-Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2013
Virilization of the external genitalia in young girls (VEG) manifests mostly as ambiguity of the genitalia and elicits concerns and uncertainties especially in settings with poor awareness. This study evaluates the profile and challenges of VEG in southeast Nigeria. We analyzed 23 children with VEG managed in 2 referral centers ...
Seong Yong Won - - 2013
We performed this study to assess early clinical outcomes of robot-assisted surgery for anterior mediastinal mass by comparing results of the robot group with those of the sternotomy group after propensity score matching. Between 2008 and 2012, 145 patients underwent resection of anterior mediastinal mass. Robot-assisted surgery was performed in ...
Oikawa-Kawamoto Manari M Manari Oikawa-Kawamoto, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Tsunoda, Takeo Kondo, Department of Pediatric Hepatology and Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Center, Saiseikai Yokohama City Tobu Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0012, - - 2013
To assess the safety and utility of capsule endoscopy (CE) for children who are unable to swallow the capsule endoscope. The medical records of all of the children who underwent CE between 2010 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups: group A included patients who ...
Zhou Peiwen P Department of Anesthesia, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Postoperative shivering is a frequent complication of surgery in developing countries and there is no satisfying method to treat it, let alone to cure it. We studied whether intravenous amino acid (AA) infusion can cure postoperative shivering in the postanesthesia care unit. Sixty postanesthesia care unit patients with shivering grade 2 ...
Russo A - - 2013
Background: Previous studies have documented the negative influence of pneumoperitoneum on cardiac and renal function during laparoscopy. In this respect, regard there is a lack of data regarding the use of an appropriate management of fluid therapy to decrease these side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Gerritsen Arja - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a change in the routine feeding strategy applied after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) from nasojejunal tube (NJT) feeding to early oral feeding improved clinical outcomes. An observational cohort study was performed in 102 consecutive patients undergoing PD. In period 1 (n = 51, ...
García-Mata Serafín - - 2013
The objective of our study is to determine the relative efficacy of the 2 reduction maneuvers, hyperpronation (HP) and supination-flexion (SF), in pulled elbow (PE). We conducted a randomized, prospective study of 2 reduction maneuvers in 115 patients with PE and a mean age of 2 years and 3 months. ...
Shariat Moharari Reza R Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Magnesium is an antagonist of (N-methyl D-Aspartate) NMDA receptor and its related canals, and may affect perceived pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intravenous magnesium on the hemodynamic parameters, analgesic consumption and ileus. A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study was performed. Thirty two ...
Bidkar Vijay G - - 2013
Objective: Antimicrobial prophylaxis is still a matter of debate in ear surgeries. Previous studies have focused on prophylaxis in middle ear surgery alone without inclusion of mastoidectomy. We therefore investigated efficacy of two regimes of antimicrobial prophylaxis in tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy done for mild middle ear disease in chronic ...
Brase Christoph - - 2013
To compare bone conduction after fiber-enabled CO2 laser perforation of the stapes footplate with conduction after the "one-shot" technique during stapedotomy in patients with otosclerosis. Retrospective clinical study. Tertiary reference center. We evaluated data from 178 patients who had undergone primary stapedotomy for suspected stapedial ankylosis. The stapes footplate was ...
Cho Soo Y - - 2013
Patients undergoing surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) are at a risk of cerebral ischemia. We evaluated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during surgery in the BCP. Thirty patients undergoing shoulder surgery in BCP under propofol-remifentanil anesthesia were randomly allocated either to receive ...
Matsuno Alessandra K - - 2013
The diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a challenge, particularly after cardiac surgery. The use of biological markers of infection has been suggested to improve the accuracy of VAP diagnosis. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (sTREM)-1 in the diagnosis of VAP ...
Tolenaar Jip L - - 2013
Purpose : To investigate the influence of stent-graft oversizing on device-related complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). Methods : The study cohort was composed of patients enrolled in 4 clinical trials of the TAG thoracic stent-graft. A total of 337 TAA patients (222 men; ...
Oztürk I I Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey. - - 2013
To investigate biochemically whether total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol creates a risk for Propofol Infusion Syndrome (PRIS). Forty patients scheduled for thyroid gland surgery were randomly assigned into Group T or C and premedicated 30 min before operation. Group T received remifentanyl hydrochloride, propofol infusion following anesthesia induction with ...
Hwang Duk Yeon DY Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
We aimed to examine the effect of gum chewing after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery in Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine. We divided the patients into 2 groups: group A consisted ...
Suksathien Rachawan R Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. - - 2013
Navigated THA is a new procedure in Thailand that has been performed since 2012. The previous studies have reported that navigated THA was a safe and reliable procedure that resulted in a more consistent cup placement compared to the conventional free hand technique. Furthermore, it decreased complications of THA, especially ...
Yarapatineni Rameshbabu R Department of Prosthodontcics, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
This study was undertaken to compare the retention between sectional border molding using low fusing greenstick compound and single step border molding using condensation silicone (putty) impression material in three stages- A. Immediately following border molding, B. After final impression and C. With the finished permanent denture base. In this ...
Witkowski Maria Carolina MC Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto AlegreRS, - - 2013
To compare two systems of arterial catheters maintenance in postoperative pediatric surgery using intermittent or continuous infusion of heparin solution and to analyze adverse events related to the site of catheter insertion and the volume of infused heparin solution. Randomized control trial with 140 patients selected for continuous infusion group ...
De Cillà Stefano - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate corneal subbasal layer changes after uneventful cataract surgery by means of in vivo confocal microscopy. Methods: This prospective study included 30 patients. Before surgery, and 1, 3, 6, 8 and 10 months after cataract surgery, all patients underwent a complete ophthalmological and confocal microscopy examination in the ...
Hoppe Daniel J - - 2013
Historically, the preoperative consultation has consisted of a discussion between patient and surgeon. There is a growing literature describing efforts to integrate multimedia into surgical patient education. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of an educational video tutorial on early learning of information specific to patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy ...
Ye Bo - - 2013
The present study compared the outcomes between patients who had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy and transsternal (TS) thymectomy for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma. The outcomes of 262 patients without myasthenia gravis who had undergone surgery for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma from January 2008 to ...
Dold Andrew P - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The utility of a femoral nerve block as an adjunct for pain management has been recognized for various surgical techniques but has yet to be examined in the preoperative setting as an adjunct to general anesthesia for improved postoperative pain control in hip arthroscopic surgery. PURPOSE:To evaluate the safety and ...
Ming An-Xiao AX Department of Pediatric Surgery, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, P. R. - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the long term outcomes between laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula anorectal malformations (ARM). Thirty-two ARM children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula who underwent LAARP between October 2001 and March 2012 were reviewed. ...
Xin Yu - - 2013
Today local anesthetic wound infiltration is widely used as an effective adjunct during multimodal postoperative pain management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous wound infusion of ropivacaine for postoperative pain relief, opioids sparing, nausea and vomiting, bowel and liver function improvement in patients undergoing ...
Chen Sen - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the influence of a half-course tourniquet strategy on the peri-operative blood loss and early functional recovery in primary total knee arthroplasty. A prospective clinical randomised controlled study was carried out in which 64 patients were equally divided into two groups: half-course group ...
Aydogan Mehmet - - 2013
Many methods of determining the anteversion of the acetabular cup have been described in the literature. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed in this paper. We present a new method of measuring the acetabular anteversion at the anteroposterior hip. The formula designed by the authors ...
Blakey G H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether skeletal and dental outcomes following Le Fort I surgery differed when stabilization was performed with polylactate bioresorbable devices or titanium devices. Fifty-seven patients with preoperative records and at least 1 year postoperative records were identified and grouped according to the stabilization ...
Koren Michael J - - 2013
Evolocumab (AMG 145), a monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in phase 2 studies of 12 weeks' duration. The longer-term efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibition remain undefined. Of 1359 randomized and dosed patients in the 4 evolocumab phase 2 parent ...
Gu Guangfei - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in two-level degenerative lumbar disease. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 82 patients, who underwent two-level minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) from March ...
Menon Shaji C SC Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are few data on patent foramen ovale closure and its outcome in children. In this study, we evaluated the current clinical practice, resource utilization, and outcome of device closure of patent foramen ovale in children. We hypothesized that patent foramen ovale closure would not result in a demonstrated benefit ...
Dumantepe Mert - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the pain perception and side effects during and after endovenous laser ablation with a 1470 nm diode laser using cold or room temperature tumescence anesthesia. One hundred and one patients were randomly assigned in two groups. Group A received room temperature (+24) ...
Serin Didem - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of the combined procedure in the management of involutional entropion. In this study, we reviewed 45 eyes of 36 patients who underwent the combined procedure (lateral tarsal strip, retractor tightening, and everting sutures) for the management of involutional lower eyelid entropion and compared the results with ...
Schoenberg Evan D - - 2013
To compare operative outcomes of patients after phacocanaloplasty and phacotrabeculectomy through 12 months' follow-up. Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. We included 36 eyes of 36 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and canaloplasty (phacocanaloplasty) and 41 eyes of 41 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and ...
Johnson Matthew S - - 2013
To compare outcomes between patients undergoing trabeculectomy with an Ex-PRESS mini glaucoma device using mitomycin-C (MMC) to those undergoing the same procedure using a subconjunctival collagen matrix implant (Ologen). All patients underwent a trabeculectomy using an Ex-PRESS shunt. A total of 49 eyes of 37 patients received Ologen, and 50 ...
De Oliveira Gildasio S GS - - 2013
Hypoventilation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients having procedures under sedation. Few clinical strategies have been evaluated to reduce intraoperative hypoventilation during surgical procedures under deep sedation. The primary objective of this investigation was to examine the effect of ketamine on hypoventilation in patients receiving deep ...
Olsen Karsten S - - 2013
Anaesthesia followed by positioning in the prone position takes time and may have complications. The hypothesis was that self-positioning in the prone position followed by anaesthesia and introduction of a laryngeal mask airway (LM method) would be faster with fewer complications than positioning after tracheal intubation (ET method). Randomised, prospective ...
Rozec B - - 2013
Backgroun: For decades thiopental has been considered as the hypnotic drug of choice for intracranial surgery. However, total intravenous anesthesia performed with thiopental is associated with delayed recovery, whereas early post-operative neurological evaluation is critical. For this reason, target controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol is increasingly used for maintenance of ...
Tang Cheng Wu - - 2013
We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy of spleen salvage during distal pancreatectomy for patients with benign and borderline malignant tumors. Despite the emphasis on its role, the spleen has commonly been removed in distal pancreatectomy. From January 2005 to July 2009, 82 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy ...
Wang Yun-Tao - - 2013
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has been routinely performed for the treatment of lumbar segmental lesions. However, traditional PLIF procedures can result in a variety of approach-related morbidities. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of endoscopy-assisted PLIF in lumbar arthrodesis. From July 2005 to May 2007, ...
Khorgami Zhamak - - 2013
ABSTRACT Backgrounds: Despite increasing trend in single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), there is still controversy regarding its global acceptance as a routine practice. Our study aimed to compare surgical events, early in-hospital and later outcomes of SILC with conventional multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: Through a randomized controlled trial (RCT) ...
Young Yoo Ji - - 2013
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is accomplished with a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a bronchial blocker (BB). The authors compared the effectiveness of lung collapse using DLT, BB, and BB with the disconnection technique. Prospective, randomized, blind trial. A university hospital. Fifty-two patients undergoing elective pneumothorax surgery. Patients were assigned randomly to ...
Sahin Ayça Sultan - - 2013
While bupivacaine is the most frequently used local anesthetic for spinal anesthesia, use of levobupivacaine in clinical practice has advanced recently. The aim of our study was to compare the clinical and anesthetic effects of isobaric bupivacaine and isobaric levobupivacaine when administered intrathecally in patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. ASA ...
Netland Peter A PA University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the clinical outcomes of the EX-PRESS glaucoma filtration device placed under a partial-thickness scleral flap with trabeculectomy. Randomized, prospective, multicenter trial. A total of 120 eyes in 120 subjects were analyzed, including 59 eyes treated with EX-PRESS and 61 eyes treated with trabeculectomy. Both the EX-PRESS and the ...
Solovyova Olga - - 2013
We studied the efficacy of local infiltration analgesia in surgical wounds with 0.2% ropivacaine (50 mL), ketorolac (15 mg), and adrenaline (0.5 mg) compared with that of local infiltration analgesia combined with continuous infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine as a method of pain control after total hip arthroplasty. We hypothesized that ...
Foroughi M - - 2013
Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the intraoperative ultrafiltration effect on postoperative AKI. Methods: In this prospective randomized clinical trail, 159 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery, were randomly assigned to either hemofilter (N.=87) or control group (N.=72). The primary and secondary outcomes were AKI (defined as ...
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