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Results 451 - 500 of 2437
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Lowe Gary R GR Respiratory Care Services, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, - - 2013
Modern Electronic Health Record Systems (EHRS) reportedly offer advantages including improved quality, error prevention, cost reduction, and increased efficiency. This project reviewed the impact on specimen turn-around-times (TAT) and percent compliance for specimens processed in a Stat Laboratory after implementation of an upgraded EHRS. Prior to EHRS implementation, laboratory personnel ...
Bogani Giorgio G Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Del Ponte Hospital, Varese, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare the use of low (LPP - 8 mmHg) vs. standard pneumoperitoneum pressure (SPP - 12 mmHg) during mini-laparoscopic hysterectomy (MLH). Randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force Classification I). Tertiary care center. Consecutive forty-two women scheduled to undergo MLH for benign uterine disease. Women were randomly selected to undergo ...
de la Matta-Martín M M Anesthesia Department, General Hospital, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
We investigated how ventilation with low tidal volumes affects the pharmacokinetics of sevoflurane uptake during the first minutes of inhaled anaesthesia. Forty-eight patients scheduled for lung resection were randomly assigned to three groups. Patients in group 1, 2 and 3 received 3% sevoflurane for 3min via face mask and controlled ...
Kim Jin-Kyoung JK Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Centre, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
To determine bispectral index (BIS) values produced by equipotent concentrations of commonly used volatile anaesthetics. Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to receive isoflurane, sevoflurane or desflurane anaesthesia. After induction, anaesthesia was maintained by the volatile agent at 1 minimum alveolar concentration and supplemented with remifentanil infusion. BIS values ...
Jiang Zhaolei Z Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2013
To review the surgical techniques and mid-term results of mitral valve repair in children with moderate or severe mitral regurgitation (MR). One hundred and seven children with moderate or severe MR, aged 19.6 ± 8.5 months, were enrolled in this study. The surgical techniques used for mitral valve repair varied according to the ...
Jung So-Youn SY Center for Breast Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea, - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the identification rate and surgery time of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) by a multimodal method (MMM) using a mixture of indocyanine green (ICG), radioisotope (RI), and blue dye (BD) compared with the RI alone. In this phase II randomized study, 86 patients with clinically ...
Khan Sameer K SK Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics , Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Ashington, Northumberland , - - 2013
Background and purpose Enhanced Recovery (ER) is a well-established multidisciplinary strategy in lower limb arthroplasty and was introduced in our department in May 2008. This retrospective study reviews short-term outcomes in a consecutive unselected series of 3,000 procedures (the "ER" group), and compares them to a numerically comparable cohort that ...
Yassin Mohamed M Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Dorset County Hospital, Williams Avenue, Dorchester, DT1 2JY, UK, - - 2013
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a recognised post-operative complication of major lower limb joint arthroplasty. Current National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines suggest the use of both mechanical and pharmacological prophylaxis following hip and knee replacement. Since the introduction of enhanced recovery programmes following hip and knee arthroplasty ...
Blohm Martin E ME Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2013
The aim was to investigate whether cerebral transcutaneous near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) or two-site NIRS is a suitable monitoring tool to detect or confirm a cerebral circulatory arrest in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. Prospective single-center pediatric observational study. Simultaneous NIRS measurements over forehead (cNIRS, crS02) and kidney (rNIRS, rrSO2), ...
Yaghoubi Siamak - - 2014
postoperative pain increases the activity of the sympathetic system, causes hypermetabolic conditions, retains salt and water, increases glucose, fatty acid lactate and oxygen consumption, weakens the immunity system which delays wound healing. Our object was comparison of the analgesic effect of morphine and paracetamol in the patients undergoing laparotomy, using ...
Chen Dave W DW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2013
One hundred patients receiving unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) were randomized to receive an intra-articular injection of 300mg bupivacaine or normal saline after completion of surgery. Pain scores of the bupivacaine group were significantly lower than those of the control group the first 12hours postoperatively (all, P<0.001). A significantly lower ...
Yanagimoto Hiroaki H Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shin-machi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1010, - - 2013
The most common postoperative complication after distal pancreatectomy (DP) is still postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), which is closely associated with other major complications and remains an unsolved problem. This retrospective study included 47 consecutive patients who underwent a distal pancreatectomy with (DP-PG group, n = 21) or without (DP group, ...
Ahn Dong Ki DK Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul Sacred Heart General Hospital, Seoul, - - 2013
Retrospective study. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of efficacy between bulb syringe irrigation and pulsed irrigation in spinal surgeries. Pulsed irrigation has been used for more than half a century, especially in trauma surgeries. However, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no ...
Manba Naoko N Division of Digestive and General Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, - - 2014
Early enteral nutrition within 24 h after surgery has become a recommended procedure. In the present study, we retrospectively examined whether initiating EN within 24 h after esophagectomy improves the postoperative course. Among 103 patients who underwent thoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, we enrolled the cases in which EN was ...
Coburger Jan J Department of Neurosurgery, University of Ulm, Günzburg, - - 2014
Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) provides updated information for neuronavigational purposes and assessments on the status of resection during transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). The high-field technique additionally provides information about vascular structures at risk and precise information about extrasellar residual tumor, making it readily available during the procedure. The imaging, however, extends the ...
Datino Tomás T Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of using the Amigo Remote Catheter System (RCS) in arrhythmia ablation procedures. Because Amigo allows the physician to operate all catheter function outside of the radiation field, operator exposure time was also evaluated. This is a nonrandomized, prospective ...
Wu Jian J Spinal unit of orthopedic department of Zhejiang Provincial People's - - 2013
Prospective, Randomized Controlled Clinical Study. To determine the efficacy of absorbable gelatin sponge in reducing blood loss as well as shortening the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing multilevel posterior lumbar spinal surgery. Absorbable gelatin sponge is reported to decrease postoperative drain output and the length of hospital stay ...
Tas Ayca - - 2013
Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is a common day-care procedure in obstetrics and gynecology, with patients discharged after a brief hospital stay on the same day of the surgery. Although it has a short duration, severe pain occurs during the procedure. Therefore, this surgical procedure requires an anesthetic to provide adequate ...
Ekenze S O SO Sub-Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2013
Virilization of the external genitalia in young girls (VEG) manifests mostly as ambiguity of the genitalia and elicits concerns and uncertainties especially in settings with poor awareness. This study evaluates the profile and challenges of VEG in southeast Nigeria. We analyzed 23 children with VEG managed in 2 referral centers ...
Seong Yong Won - - 2013
We performed this study to assess early clinical outcomes of robot-assisted surgery for anterior mediastinal mass by comparing results of the robot group with those of the sternotomy group after propensity score matching. Between 2008 and 2012, 145 patients underwent resection of anterior mediastinal mass. Robot-assisted surgery was performed in ...
Oikawa-Kawamoto Manari M Manari Oikawa-Kawamoto, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Tsunoda, Takeo Kondo, Department of Pediatric Hepatology and Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Center, Saiseikai Yokohama City Tobu Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0012, - - 2013
To assess the safety and utility of capsule endoscopy (CE) for children who are unable to swallow the capsule endoscope. The medical records of all of the children who underwent CE between 2010 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups: group A included patients who ...
Zhou Peiwen P Department of Anesthesia, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Postoperative shivering is a frequent complication of surgery in developing countries and there is no satisfying method to treat it, let alone to cure it. We studied whether intravenous amino acid (AA) infusion can cure postoperative shivering in the postanesthesia care unit. Sixty postanesthesia care unit patients with shivering grade 2 ...
Russo A - - 2013
Background: Previous studies have documented the negative influence of pneumoperitoneum on cardiac and renal function during laparoscopy. In this respect, regard there is a lack of data regarding the use of an appropriate management of fluid therapy to decrease these side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Gerritsen Arja - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a change in the routine feeding strategy applied after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) from nasojejunal tube (NJT) feeding to early oral feeding improved clinical outcomes. An observational cohort study was performed in 102 consecutive patients undergoing PD. In period 1 (n = 51, ...
García-Mata Serafín - - 2013
The objective of our study is to determine the relative efficacy of the 2 reduction maneuvers, hyperpronation (HP) and supination-flexion (SF), in pulled elbow (PE). We conducted a randomized, prospective study of 2 reduction maneuvers in 115 patients with PE and a mean age of 2 years and 3 months. ...
Shariat Moharari Reza R Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Magnesium is an antagonist of (N-methyl D-Aspartate) NMDA receptor and its related canals, and may affect perceived pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intravenous magnesium on the hemodynamic parameters, analgesic consumption and ileus. A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study was performed. Thirty two ...
Bidkar Vijay G - - 2013
Objective: Antimicrobial prophylaxis is still a matter of debate in ear surgeries. Previous studies have focused on prophylaxis in middle ear surgery alone without inclusion of mastoidectomy. We therefore investigated efficacy of two regimes of antimicrobial prophylaxis in tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy done for mild middle ear disease in chronic ...
Brase Christoph - - 2013
To compare bone conduction after fiber-enabled CO2 laser perforation of the stapes footplate with conduction after the "one-shot" technique during stapedotomy in patients with otosclerosis. Retrospective clinical study. Tertiary reference center. We evaluated data from 178 patients who had undergone primary stapedotomy for suspected stapedial ankylosis. The stapes footplate was ...
Cho Soo Y - - 2013
Patients undergoing surgery in the beach chair position (BCP) are at a risk of cerebral ischemia. We evaluated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during surgery in the BCP. Thirty patients undergoing shoulder surgery in BCP under propofol-remifentanil anesthesia were randomly allocated either to receive ...
Tolenaar Jip L - - 2013
Purpose : To investigate the influence of stent-graft oversizing on device-related complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). Methods : The study cohort was composed of patients enrolled in 4 clinical trials of the TAG thoracic stent-graft. A total of 337 TAA patients (222 men; ...
Oztürk I I Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey. - - 2013
To investigate biochemically whether total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol creates a risk for Propofol Infusion Syndrome (PRIS). Forty patients scheduled for thyroid gland surgery were randomly assigned into Group T or C and premedicated 30 min before operation. Group T received remifentanyl hydrochloride, propofol infusion following anesthesia induction with ...
Hwang Duk Yeon DY Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
We aimed to examine the effect of gum chewing after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery in Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine. We divided the patients into 2 groups: group A consisted ...
Suksathien Rachawan R Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. - - 2013
Navigated THA is a new procedure in Thailand that has been performed since 2012. The previous studies have reported that navigated THA was a safe and reliable procedure that resulted in a more consistent cup placement compared to the conventional free hand technique. Furthermore, it decreased complications of THA, especially ...
Yarapatineni Rameshbabu R Department of Prosthodontcics, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
This study was undertaken to compare the retention between sectional border molding using low fusing greenstick compound and single step border molding using condensation silicone (putty) impression material in three stages- A. Immediately following border molding, B. After final impression and C. With the finished permanent denture base. In this ...
Witkowski Maria Carolina MC Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto AlegreRS, - - 2013
To compare two systems of arterial catheters maintenance in postoperative pediatric surgery using intermittent or continuous infusion of heparin solution and to analyze adverse events related to the site of catheter insertion and the volume of infused heparin solution. Randomized control trial with 140 patients selected for continuous infusion group ...
De Cillà Stefano - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate corneal subbasal layer changes after uneventful cataract surgery by means of in vivo confocal microscopy. Methods: This prospective study included 30 patients. Before surgery, and 1, 3, 6, 8 and 10 months after cataract surgery, all patients underwent a complete ophthalmological and confocal microscopy examination in the ...
Hoppe Daniel J - - 2013
Historically, the preoperative consultation has consisted of a discussion between patient and surgeon. There is a growing literature describing efforts to integrate multimedia into surgical patient education. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of an educational video tutorial on early learning of information specific to patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy ...
Ye Bo - - 2013
The present study compared the outcomes between patients who had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy and transsternal (TS) thymectomy for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma. The outcomes of 262 patients without myasthenia gravis who had undergone surgery for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma from January 2008 to ...
Dold Andrew P - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The utility of a femoral nerve block as an adjunct for pain management has been recognized for various surgical techniques but has yet to be examined in the preoperative setting as an adjunct to general anesthesia for improved postoperative pain control in hip arthroscopic surgery. PURPOSE:To evaluate the safety and ...
Ming An-Xiao AX Department of Pediatric Surgery, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, P. R. - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the long term outcomes between laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula anorectal malformations (ARM). Thirty-two ARM children with rectobladderneck and rectoprostatic fistula who underwent LAARP between October 2001 and March 2012 were reviewed. ...
Xin Yu - - 2013
Today local anesthetic wound infiltration is widely used as an effective adjunct during multimodal postoperative pain management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous wound infusion of ropivacaine for postoperative pain relief, opioids sparing, nausea and vomiting, bowel and liver function improvement in patients undergoing ...
Chen Sen - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the influence of a half-course tourniquet strategy on the peri-operative blood loss and early functional recovery in primary total knee arthroplasty. A prospective clinical randomised controlled study was carried out in which 64 patients were equally divided into two groups: half-course group ...
Aydogan Mehmet - - 2013
Many methods of determining the anteversion of the acetabular cup have been described in the literature. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed in this paper. We present a new method of measuring the acetabular anteversion at the anteroposterior hip. The formula designed by the authors ...
Blakey G H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether skeletal and dental outcomes following Le Fort I surgery differed when stabilization was performed with polylactate bioresorbable devices or titanium devices. Fifty-seven patients with preoperative records and at least 1 year postoperative records were identified and grouped according to the stabilization ...
Koren Michael J MJ Jacksonville Center for Clinical Research, Jacksonville, FL (M.J.K.); TIMI Study Group, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (R.P.G., M.S.S.); Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (F.J.R.); Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia (D.S.); Bethesda Health Research Center, Bethesda, MD (M.B.); Lipid Clinic, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway (G.L.); Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain (F.C.); and Amgen Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA (R.S., P.N., T.L., R.S., - - 2014
Evolocumab (AMG 145), a monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in phase 2 studies of 12 weeks' duration. The longer-term efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibition remain undefined. Of 1359 randomized and dosed patients in the 4 evolocumab phase 2 parent ...
Gu Guangfei - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in two-level degenerative lumbar disease. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 82 patients, who underwent two-level minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) from March ...
Menon Shaji C SC Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are few data on patent foramen ovale closure and its outcome in children. In this study, we evaluated the current clinical practice, resource utilization, and outcome of device closure of patent foramen ovale in children. We hypothesized that patent foramen ovale closure would not result in a demonstrated benefit ...
Dumantepe Mert - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the pain perception and side effects during and after endovenous laser ablation with a 1470 nm diode laser using cold or room temperature tumescence anesthesia. One hundred and one patients were randomly assigned in two groups. Group A received room temperature (+24) ...
Serin Didem - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of the combined procedure in the management of involutional entropion. In this study, we reviewed 45 eyes of 36 patients who underwent the combined procedure (lateral tarsal strip, retractor tightening, and everting sutures) for the management of involutional lower eyelid entropion and compared the results with ...
Schoenberg Evan D - - 2013
To compare operative outcomes of patients after phacocanaloplasty and phacotrabeculectomy through 12 months' follow-up. Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. We included 36 eyes of 36 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and canaloplasty (phacocanaloplasty) and 41 eyes of 41 patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent combined phacoemulsification and ...
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