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Results 451 - 500 of 2146
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Goktug Hasan Nedim Goksel - - 2013
The placement of a nephrostomy tube or internal ureteral stent after PCNL has been considered standard practice. To investigate the inclusion criteria for totally tubeless PCNL in pediatric cases. A total of 27 children who underwent PCNL included in the study: Twelve of the 27 patients who underwent totally tubeless ...
Joshi Rajesh Subhash - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a single drop of 0.5% proparacaine hydrochloride in uncomplicated cataract surgery with phacoemulsification. Two hundred and ninety five patients scheduled for the phacoemulsification were divided into 2 groups based on the anesthetic agents they were to receive: 146 patients ...
Özkiris Mahmut - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane and isoflurane in nasal septal surgery in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, recovery time, and especially postoperative pain. A total of 90 elective nasal septal surgery patients between the ages of 19 and 58 years (mean ...
Jain Eesha - - 2013
Objective: The present study was designed to evaluate the in vitro as well as in vivo cariostatic efficacy of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of liquorice and assess their acceptability among child patients. Materials and Methods: Minimum bactericidal concentrations of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of liquorice against mutans streptococci were evaluated ...
Abdel-Meguid Mohamed Essam - - 2013
The objective of this clinical trial is to study the effectiveness of administering recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in reducing the amount of bleeding and the need for homologous blood and products transfusion in cardiac surgical coronary revascularization procedures done under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In a randomized controlled prospective observational ...
Sinha R - - 2013
We conducted a randomised trial comparing lidocaine 2% gel with proparacaine 0.5% eye drops in children having elective squint surgery. One hundred and forty children aged between 3 and 14 years were recruited. The requirement for intra-operative fentanyl and postoperative ibuprofen was significantly less in the lidocaine group compared with ...
Venu V - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the antibacterial property and substantivity of chlorhexidine containing dentifrices with sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and Tween as surfactants. Materials and Methods: It is a double-blind cross over the study, a total of 20 children within their mixed dentition period (7-13 year) ...
Haliloglu Ahmet Hakan - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the postoperative analgesic efficacy of penile block, caudal block and intravenous paracetamol administration following circumcision. Materials and Methods: In this prospective randomized study a total of 159 patients underwent circumcision under general anesthesia at urology clinic of Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine and Sorgun State Hospital between ...
Reddy Velayudha Sidda - - 2013
Alpha2-adrenergic agonists have synergistic action with local anesthetics and may prolong the duration of sensory, motor blockade and postoperative analgesia obtained with spinal anesthesia. The objectives of this study are to compare and evaluate the efficacy of intravenous dexmedetomidine premedication with clonidine and placebo on spinal blockade duration, postoperative analgesia ...
Sen Suvadeep - - 2013
Maintenance of adequate depth of anaesthesia in spine surgery is vital to prevent awareness, to reduce stress response and possible autonomic instability frequently associated with spine surgery. Dexmedetomidine, a α2-adrenoceptor agonist with analgesic and sedative adjuvant property has been found to reduce dose requirement of multiple anaesthetic agents both for ...
Olajumoke T O - - 2013
Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complications following general anaesthesia and is a leading cause of morbidity following surgery. The mainstay of management them is by the use of antiemetic. It was a randomized double blind placebo controlled study. The sample size was calculated as 90 from previous ...
Seyedhejazi Mahin - - 2013
Background: The ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (ILIH) nerve block is a safe, effective, and easy to perform in order to provide analgesia for a variety of inguinal surgical procedures in pediatric patients. A relatively high failure rate of 10%-25% has been reported, even in experienced hands. It is assumed that this high failure ...
Billè Andrea - - 2013
Aims and background. Several techniques have been proposed to perform a video-assisted thoracic lobectomy. We compared the results of a 3 versus 4-port procedure, analyzing intraoperative data, morbidity, and mortality. Methods. Prospective analysis of 30 consecutive patients who underwent a 4-port approach video-assisted thoracic lobectomy (group A) and comparison with ...
Sertoz Nezih N MD; Ege University, School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this study, our goal was to compare intraoperative and postoperative analgesic effects of lornoxicam and fentanyl when added to lidocaine Intravenous Regional Anesthesia (IVRA) in a group of outpatients who underwent hand surgery. This is a double blind randomized study. A total of 45 patients were included, randomized into ...
Materazzi Gabriele - - 2013
In recent years, newer tools have been developed and used in thyroid surgery. This study compared patients with multinodular goiter undergoing thyroidectomy using the Harmonic FOCUS™ with patients undergoing the clamp-and-tie technique. Medical records of 268 patients with multinodular goiter undergoing thyroidectomy from December 2006 to July 2011 in two ...
Yui Rintaro - - 2013
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare morbidity and mortality before and after introduction of a new departmental policy for patients who undergo distal pancreatectomy. We have introduced the use of an ultrasonically-activated device in distal pancreatectomy, an "early removal of drains" policy and perioperative management using a ...
Parent John J - - 2013
We evaluated the outcomes of children at a single institution who underwent balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) for coexisting pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS) and sinotubular narrowing (STN). BPV is the treatment of choice for PVS in children. Current practice favors surgical repair of moderate, severe, and symptomatic pulmonary stenosis when STN ...
Gyr Bettina M - - 2013
Angular deformities at the knee are common in children with congenital or acquired below-knee or Syme amputations. These deformities can be well compensated and accommodated with prosthetic modifications. However, as children grow, these prosthetic modifications become more difficult and mechanical axis correction becomes necessary. These deformities have previously been treated ...
Gans Itai - - 2013
Abduction bracing is often used to treat residual acetabular dysplasia in infants whose acetabular indices (AI) exceed 30 degrees after 6 months of age. However, little data exist to support this practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of part-time abduction bracing in treating residual acetabular ...
Cabral Sigmar Aurea - - 2013
We aimed to evaluate the duration of anesthesia, analgesia and ocular akinesia of clonidine added to lidocaine in sub-Tenon's anesthesia in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Forty patients were prospectively enrolled. They were randomized to two sub-Tenon's anesthesia groups: group L (6 ml of lidocaine 2 %, 1 ml of 0.9 % saline and 25 ...
Purtskhvanidze Konstantine - - 2013
Purpose. To better understand the long-term effect of macular hole surgery, foveal structure and the thickness of individual retinal layers were analyzed with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The long-term postoperative course of macular thickness and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were followed. Methods. In a retrospective cohort study SD-OCT scans ...
Arndt Justin Michael JM Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 - - 2013
Hip resurfacing is an alternative to total hip arthroplasty. We aimed to compare an experienced hip surgeon's initial clinical results of hip resurfacing with a new cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). The first 55 consecutive hip resurfacing arthroplasties were compared to 100 consecutive cementless THAs using a cylindrical tapered femoral ...
Islek Ali - - 2013
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred method to provide nutritional support for patients with normal gastrointestinal function but cannot be fed orally for a variety of reasons. Due to safety concerns, the first feeding after PEG tube placement is generally delayed. Early feeding may be an option; however childhood ...
Schiller Ofer - - 2013
Although some evidence suggests benefit of steroid supplementation after pediatric cardiac surgery, data correlating adrenal function with the postoperative course is scarce. This study sought to determine if adrenal insufficiency (AI) after cardiac surgery is associated with a more complicated postoperative course in children. A prospective study was performed during ...
Rastogi Amit - - 2013
The airway is the foremost challenge in maxillofacial surgery. The major concerns are difficulty in managing the patient's airway and sharing it between the anaesthetist and surgeons. General anaesthesia, with endotracheal intubation, is the commonly used technique for maxillofacial procedures. We assessed the efficacy and safety of a regional block ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
To compare short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted and open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. A retrospective study was performed by comparing the outcomes of 54 patients who underwent laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with those of 54 patients who underwent open distal gastrectomy (ODG) between October 2004 and October 2007. ...
Bakiner Okan - - 2013
Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) originates from gastrointestinal system in response to the presence of nutrition in intestinal lumen and potentiate postprandial insulin secretion. Also, it acts as an immune-modulator which has influences on cell-mediated immunity. The aim of this study was to study the impact of early enteral nutrition versus ...
Sorensen Jesper Roed - - 2013
In 2007, a fast track program for patients with suspicion of head and neck cancer (HNC) was introduced in Denmark to reduce unnecessary waiting time. The program was based on so called "package solutions" including pre-booked slots for outpatient evaluation, imaging, and diagnostic surgical procedures. The purpose of this study ...
Rososinski Anthony - - 2013
AIM:: To evaluate outcomes of pars plana (PP) versus anterior chamber (AC) placement of Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device (GDD). This study is a nonrandomized, retrospective case series evaluating 63 eyes that underwent GDD insertion with Baerveldt 350 device under the supervision of 2 surgeons at 5 centers. The drainage tube ...
Zhou Gengxu - - 2013
To investigate the clinical effects of a combined ultrafiltration strategy on the surgical treatment of pediatric patients with congenital heart diseases. A prospective, randomized, controlled study. A single-institution study in an affiliated hospital of a university. Sixty-five pediatric patients who underwent open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to treat ...
Jeong Oh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Unlike the wide acceptance of early enteral nutrition after colorectal surgery, little information is available regarding the feasibility of immediate oral nutrition after gastric cancer surgery. This study evaluated the feasibility and safety of oral nutrition on the first postoperative day after gastrectomy. METHODS: From September 2010 to March ...
Katheria A C - - 2013
Objective:The placement of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) routinely incorporates tip position confirmation using standard radiographs. In this study, we sought to determine whether real-time ultrasound (RTUS) could be used to place a PICC in a shorter time period, with fewer manipulations and fewer radiographs than the use of ...
Dingeman R Scott - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Regional anesthetic techniques can be used to alleviate postoperative pain in children undergoing pediatric surgical procedures. Use of ultrasonographic guidance for bilateral rectus sheath block (BRSB) has been shown to improve immediate pain scores and reduce use of postoperative analgesia in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). OBJECTIVE To compare ...
Paredes Federico A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the in-hospital clinical outcomes of minimally invasive, isolated aortic valve replacement vs median sternotomy. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, 615 patients underwent aortic valve replacement at a single institution, 532 by a median sternotomy (E group) and 83 by ...
Tamura Masaya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The current trend in thoracoscopic surgery is to use fewer ports to decrease postoperative pain, chest wall paresthesia, and duration of hospital stay. In this study we compared the results of our current experience with single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) and conventional three-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (3P-VATS). METHODS: From October ...
Tan Jacqueline Siau Woon - - 2013
With the advent of microsurgery, various surgical options exist to treat the hypoplastic thumb in patients with radial deficiency. This study aims to compare the outcome assessments between index finger pollicization and microsurgical second toe-metatarsal bone transfers for thumb reconstruction in these patients. Between 1996 and 2002, a total of ...
Byon H-J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Ultrasound (US)-guided subclavian vein (SCV) catheterization via the supraclavicular (SC) or infraclavicular (IC) approaches can be useful in children. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of these approaches. METHODS: /st>This prospective, randomized study included 98 children who were <3 years old, and who were divided ...
Piekkala Maija - - 2013
To investigate whether matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) or trypsinogens could serve as histological markers for an aggressive disease course in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC). We identified 24 patients with pediatric onset (≤ 16 years) UC who had undergone surgery during childhood/adolescence a median of 2.1 years (range 0.1-7.4 years) after the ...
Wu Yiquan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to provide effective postoperative analgesia in lower abdominal surgery. Subcostal TAP block has also been proposed as a new technique to provide analgesia for the supraumbilical abdomen. We compared the analgesic and opioid-sparing effects of a single-injection subcostal TAP block with ...
Kaya Men┼čure - - 2013
PURPOSE: In the present study, we evaluated the effects of interscalene brachial plexus block on postoperative pain relief and morphine consumption after modified radical mastectomy (MRM). METHODS: Sixty ASA I-III patients scheduled for elective unilateral MRM under general anesthesia were included. They were randomly allocated into two groups: group 1 ...
Song J W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>We evaluated the effect of ketamine as an adjunct to a fentanyl-based i.v. patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients at high risk of PONV undergoing lumbar spinal surgery. METHODS: /st>Fifty non-smoking female patients were evenly randomized to either the control or ketamine group. According ...
Ahn Seong Joon - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To compare the postoperative photoreceptor status and visual outcome after epiretinal membrane removal with or without additional internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. METHODS:: Medical records of 40 eyes from 37 patients undergoing epiretinal membrane removal with residual ILM peeling (additional ILM peeling group) and 69 eyes from 65 patients ...
Kanzaki Hiromitsu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Settings for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of esophageal cancer have not been standardized, and no studies have directly compared ESD devices in humans.METHODS:We conducted a randomized study to compare the performances of two different endo-knives, the Flush knife and Mucosectom, for esophageal ESD in 48 lesions. All procedures were initiated ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2013
AIMS: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) following cardiac surgery is a frequent complication with multifactorial etiologies. Recently inflammation due to enhanced oxidative stress has been implicated in its pathogenesis. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a promising and novel antioxidant agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose oral-NAC ...
Kin Cindy - - 2013
: National quality initiatives have mandated the earlier removal of urinary catheters after surgery to decrease urinary tract infection rates. A potential unintended consequence is an increased postoperative urinary retention rate. : The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for postoperative urinary retention after ...
Calista D - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the disease-free time (DFT) and overall survival (OS) of patients with intermediate or high-risk cutaneous melanoma who were treated with conventional surgery alone, and to compare them with that of a second group of patients who were treated with surgery and ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
To compare the morphology of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps created by 2 femtosecond lasers. Ophthalmic Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Lab, Beijing, China. Comparative case series. The RTVue optical coherence tomography (OCT) device was used to measure the morphology of LASIK ...
Roudijk R W - - 2013
Although rare, children and young adults can suffer from significant cardiac arrhythmia, especially in the context of congenital malformations and after cardiac surgery. A total of 62 patients (32 female, median age 20 years) underwent an invasive electrophysiology study between 2008-2011: half had normal cardiac anatomy, whereas the remaining patients had ...
Gill Lindsay K - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: One goal of pre-operative sensorimotor testing is to determine fusion potential. Potential for recovery of binocularity following surgical repair of strabismus is inversely correlated to duration of misalignment. The purpose of this study was to determine binocular vision outcomes in long-standing, large-angle, constant exotropia, when the pre-operative sensorimotor ...
Choi G W - - 2013
We reviewed 91 patients (103 feet) who underwent a Ludloff osteotomy combined with additional procedures. According to the combined procedures performed, patients were divided into Group I (31 feet; first web space release), Group II (35 feet; Akin osteotomy and trans-articular release), or Group III (37 feet; Akin osteotomy, supplementary ...
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