Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1536
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Melenhorst J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) for the treatment of faecal incontinence was originally performed in patients with an intact anal sphincter or after repair of a sphincter defect. There is evidence that SNM can be performed in patients with faecal incontinence and an anal sphincter defect. METHOD: Two groups of ...
Melenhorst Jarno - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Faecal incontinence (FI) is a socially devastating problem. The treatment algorithm depends on the aetiology of the problem. Large anal sphincter defects can be treated by sphincter replacement procedures: the dynamic graciloplasty and the artificial bowel sphincter (ABS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were included between 1997 and ...
Sileri Pierpaolo - - 2007
Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is widely accepted to treat hemorrhoids, but serious complications have been reported. In this prospective audit, we correlated clinical outcome with pathological findings. From January 2003 to April 2007, 94 patients underwent hemorrhoidopexy. Macroscopic appearance of the specimen (shape, size, and depth) was recorded. Microscopically, the presence of ...
Bayram Ahmet Sami - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sleeve resection with or without lung resection is a valid conservative operation for patients with benign or malignant tumors; it enables the preservation of lung parenchyma. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare complications, operating time, and bronchial healing between the techniques of interrupted and continuous ...
Tyler Kelly M - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the success of a sphincter-sparing treatment algorithm for patients with anal fistulas. METHODS: All patients with anal fistulas presenting to a single surgeon from 1999 to 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were treated according to a sphincter-sparing algorithm that utilized three operative approaches: ...
Millan M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Portal vein thrombi have been observed after restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, and present as a clinical spectrum of abdominal pain, fever, and leukocytosis. Anticoagulation treatment is usually associated with resolution of symptoms. However, the long-term consequences and effect on pouch function are not known. The purpose of ...
Mitalas Litza E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Transanal advancement flap repair (TAFR) has been advocated as the treatment of choice for transsphincteric fistulas passing through the upper or middle third of the external anal sphincter. It is not clear whether previous attempts at repair adversely affect the outcome of TAFR. The purpose of the present study ...
Aslan M K - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the functional results, complications, the problems caused, and the outcomes of the transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) operation in Hirschsprung's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 22 patients who were operated for Hirschsprung's disease with TEPT between November 2003 and September 2006 were ...
Elsebae Magdy M A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Troublesome fecal incontinence following a lateral internal sphincterotomy is often attributed to faulty surgical technique. However, it may be associated with coexisting occult sphincter defects. Whether continence is related to the extent of sphincterotomy remains debatable. The aim of the study is to identify fecal incontinence related to chronic ...
Simillis Constantinos - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study compared outcomes between end-to-end anastomosis and other anastomotic configurations after intestinal resection for patients with Crohn's disease by using meta-analytical techniques. METHODS: Comparative studies published between 1992 and 2005 of end-to-end anastomosis vs. other anastomotic configurations were included. Using a random effects model, end points evaluated were ...
Kamer Frank M - - 2007
The authors conducted a large, prospective, controlled trial of fibrin glue in rhytidectomy using a wide set of variables. Two hundred consecutive patients undergoing elective rhytidectomy were studied. One hundred patients received fibrin glue over a 1-year period and were followed prospectively. Another 100 patients from the previous year who ...
Finco C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Colpocystodefecography images the pelvic floor with the dynamics of defecation, but various authors claim that it overestimates clinical findings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre- and postoperative consistency between clinical and colpocystodefecographic findings in patients undergoing surgery for obstructed defecation. METHOD Between June 2001 and ...
Andreani S M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Crohn's disease is characterized by transmural bowel inflammation and a tendency to form fistulas with adjacent structures. Several different fistulas have been described: enterocutaneous, enteroenteric, enterovesical, enterovaginal, and perineal. Rectovaginal fistulas are difficult to treat despite multimodal therapy. This study was designed to review the current strategic options to ...
Wasmuth H H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of Kock continent ileostomy (CI) during the same period when ileal pouch-anal anastomosis was the preferred operation for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). METHOD: During the period 1983-2002, 50 patients underwent CI. The surgical ...
Lefebure B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a major concern after resection for low rectal cancer. Therefore, the use of a defunctioning stoma (DS) has been suggested, but limited data exist to clearly determine the necessity of a routine diversion. In our department, the indication of DS was evaluated subjectively by the operating ...
Michot Francis - - 2007
A destroyed or severely scarred anterior perineum predicts difficult healing and risk of perineal erosion and remains a contraindication for the implantation of an artificial anal sphincter via a perineal approach. This report describes the first implantations of an artificial anal sphincter via a transvaginal approach in female patients with ...
Garrido R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The use of gonyautoxin has been reported to be safe and effective in healing acute and chronic anal fissures. This study was designed to show better efficacy in healing patients with chronic anal fissure by increasing the frequency of toxin injection. METHOD: Twenty-three chronic anal fissure patients were treated ...
Selvasekar Chelliah - - 2007
PURPOSE: Symptoms caused by hemorrhoids are worse during defecation because of relaxation of the anal canal causing prolapse. We reviewed our experience of multiple rubber band ligations in a relaxed state of the anal canal using local anesthesia. METHODS: Forty-five patients, the majority of whom had Grade 2 or 3 ...
Fazio Victor W - - 2007
Colonic pouches have been used for 20 years to provide reservoir function after reconstructive proctectomy for rectal cancer. More recently coloplasty has been advocated as an alternative to a colonic pouch. However there have been no long-term randomized, controlled trials to compare functional outcomes of coloplasty, colonic J-Pouch (JP), or ...
Ahmad J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Topical glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) has gained popularity as a treatment for anal fissure in the West. In our country, lignocaine is still the current treatment for the entity. This study was done to compare the effect of GTN with lignocaine in terms of healing rate and recurrence in South ...
Ganio E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Stapled haemorrhoidopexy is less painful than Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy, allowing an earlier return to working activities, but its long-term efficacy is not fully established. This study reports the long-term follow-up of a randomized clinical trial comparing the two techniques in 100 patients affected by third- and fourth-degree haemorrhoids. METHODS: All ...
Wang Jaw-Yuan - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and outcome of the Starion and Ligasure vessel sealing systems for sutureless hemorrhoidectomy. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with Grades III and IV hemorrhoids were randomized into two groups: 1) Starion hemorrhoidectomy (32 patients), and 2) Ligasure hemorrhoidectomy (32 patients). The patient demographics, ...
Forsgren Catharina - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was a prospective evaluation of the long-term effects of hysterectomy on bowel function using self-reported outcome measures on symptoms of constipation, rectal emptying difficulties, and anal incontinence. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 120 consecutive patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions answered a questionnaire on bowel habits ...
Balaji N S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Stapled techniques of coloanal anastomosis in anterior resection have gained widespread acceptance over hand anastomosis. We believe a modification of the 'triple staple technique' has ergonomic advantages over existing stapling methods and present our technique and experience here. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients underwent anterior resection with a concomitant defunctioning ...
Matthiessen Peter - - 2007
The aim of this randomized multicenter trial was to assess the rate of symptomatic anastomotic leakage in patients operated on with low anterior resection for rectal cancer and who were intraoperatively randomized to a defunctioning stoma or not. The introduction of total mesorectal excision surgery as the surgical technique of ...
Matthiessen P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study investigated the factors which might indicate anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection. METHOD: Thirty-three patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal carcinoma (n = 32) and severe dysplasia (n = 1), were monitored daily by serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) estimations ...
Dudding T C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is an established treatment for faecal incontinence. We aimed to identify specific factors that could predict the outcome of temporary and permanent stimulation. METHOD: A cohort analysis was performed to identify potential predictive factors in 81 patients who underwent temporary SNS at a single institution ...
Felt-Bersma Richelle J - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Faecal incontinence is a devastating complaint. Even after conservative treatment, many patients still remain incontinent. Few patients have a sphincter defect suitable for repair. Other emerging surgical therapies like dynamic gracilis plasty, neuromodulation or artificial bowel sphincter, carry side effects and show only moderate improvement. Temperature-controlled radiofrequency ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The author proposes a technique of finger fragmentation of internal anal sphincter fibers to relieve anal sphincter spasm in patients with chronic anal fissures. This prospective study evaluates the clinical and functional outcome in a group of patients with chronic anal fissures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients suffering from ...
Park Jun-Seok - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anal incontinence is experienced by some patients with rectal cancer who received low anterior resection. This study was to examine the efficacy and adverse effects of the alpha-1 adrenergic agonist phenylephrine, which causes contraction of the internal anal sphincter and raises the resting pressure in these patients. PATIENTS AND ...
Witte M E - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgical management of anal fistulas is associated with considerable morbidity, mainly related to anal sphincter injury. However, treatment with fibrin glue is a safe and simple method associated with less discomfort and complications. A prospective trial was conducted at our institute to evaluate the use of fibrin glue (Tissucol, ...
Tjandra Joe J - - 2007
PURPOSE: The procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (stapled hemorrhoidopexy) has been introduced as an alternative to conventional hemorrhoidectomy. This is a systematic review on stapled hemorrhoidopexy of all randomized, controlled trials that have been published until August 2006. METHODS: All published, randomized, controlled trials comparing stapled hemorrhoidopexy to conventional hemorrhoidectomy ...
Zacharakis E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess our early and long-term results after stapled haemorrhoidopexy for fourth-degree haemorrhoids. METHODS: Our study covers the time period from 1998 to 2002 and consists of 56 consecutive patients (33 men) with fourthdegree haemorrhoids who underwent stapled haemorrhoidopexy. RESULTS: During the postoperative ...
Gerjy R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied whether excision of residual external skin tags causes additional pain in patients undergoing a stapled anopexy for muco-anal prolapse. METHOD: Seventeen patients in whom skin tags had been excised were compared with 24 patients having no excision. The patients were selected from a prospective database of haemorrhoid ...
Gionchetti P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pouchitis is the major long-term complication after ileal-pouch nal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Ten to 15% of patients develop a chronic pouchitis, either treatment responsive or treatment refractory. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of oral budesonide in inducing remission and improving quality of life in patients with chronic refractory ...
Pietsch Alexander P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) followed by curative surgery has gained acceptance as the therapy of choice in locally advanced rectal cancer. This prospective study evaluates the effect of nCRT on postoperative anorectal function and continence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Group A consisted of 12 patients (59.8 +/- 11.9 years, ...
Raassen Tom J I P - - 2008
The objective of this study was to document the complications, outcomes and causes of obstetric fistulas in East African women who underwent first-time surgical repair. Attention was also paid to social background and characteristics of the patients. Data were collected prospectively from patients operated on in the period from January ...
Tilney Henry S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated outcomes of patients undergoing proximal diversion using either a loop ileostomy or loop colostomy following distal colorectal resection for malignant and non-malignant disease. METHODS: A literature search of the Medline, Ovid, Embase and Cochrane databases was performed to identify studies published between 1966 and 2006, ...
Blackmon Shanda H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A cervical side-to-side stapled esophagogastric anastomosis appears to decrease morbidity compared with traditional hand-sewn techniques. We evaluated our experience with this novel technique in intrathoracic anastomoses and compared the outcome with circular-stapled or hand-sewn techniques. METHODS: All patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy from 1999 to 2005 for esophageal cancer with ...
Collinson R J - - 2007
Purpose Abdominal posterior rectopexy for rectal prolapse produces the lowest recurrence rates. However, 50% are troubled by severe postoperative constipation. Resection mitigates this dysfunction but involves the risks of an anastomosis. We aimed to evaluate functional results with laparoscopic anterior rectopexy, a novel technique designed to avoid rectal denervation and ...
Slawik S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have audited our 5 years experience of circumferential-stapled haemorrhoidopexy (PPH). METHOD: A prospectively collected electronic data base of our 5-year experience to September 2005 has been examined. RESULTS: A total of 357 consecutive patients (220 - 62% women, median age 46 years; range 28-92) with symptomatic third- and ...
Erkek Ayhan B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of a younger age at the time of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) on functional outcome and quality of life in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). METHOD: A total of 105 patients with FAP who had undergone IPAA ...
Selvasekar Chelliah R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred operation for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) refractory to medical therapy. Infliximab (IFX), an antitumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody, has demonstrated efficacy in medical management of CUC. The aim of this study is to determine if IFX before ...
Piekarski J H - - 2008
Analysis of the clinical course of patients with postirradiation rectovaginal fistula after fecal diversion. The studied group included 17 women with postirradiation rectovaginal fistula who underwent fecal diversion as a sole mode of treatment, between January 1987 and December 2002, in our department. All patients were subjected to radiotherapy due ...
Fajdic J - - 2007
Fournier's gangrene is a rare infection characterized with fast-progressing myonecrosis, that affect regions of perineum, genitalia and perianal area. This retrospective study presents authors' experiences and their principles in early diagnosis and treatment of Fournier's gangrene. The goal of this paper is to point out numerous diagnostically and therapeutic difficulties ...
Athanasiadis Sotirios - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rectovaginal fistulas (RVF) in Crohn's disease continue to be a challenging problem. Several operations are often necessary to attain definitive healing of the disease process. There are no guidelines concerning optimal therapeutic approaches. Endoanal mobilization techniques such as the advancement flap technique were considered the therapy of ...
Morton Randall P - - 2007
To assess the predictive value of wound amylase as an indicator for pharyngocutaneous fistula development following laryngectomy for cancer. We conducted a prospective observational study at a tertiary referral center of 102 consecutive laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer patients undergoing laryngectomy with or without pharyngectomy. Data were collated on potential predictors ...
Brown Carl J - - 2007
PURPOSE: Although there is enthusiasm for nonoperative management of anal fissures, most trials have been of short duration (6-8 weeks) and long-term outcome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcome in two cohorts of patients who had participated in a randomized, controlled trial to compare ...
Pautrat Karine - - 2007
PURPOSE: The natural history of sigmoid diverticulitis in terms of the virulence and management in young patients is an ongoing controversy. This retrospective study was designed to assess the severity and early management of acute diverticulitis according to age. METHODS: From 2000 to 2004, 284 patients were admitted for acute ...
Vatansev Celalettin - - 2007
In this retrospective study, our aim was to introduce an industrial synthetic material that can be used as a seton and then to present the results of complicated anal fistula cases treated with this different sort of seton. Between 1997 and 2005, 32 patients (aged 27-63 years) with a high ...
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