Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1529
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Perez Francisco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to compare the outcomes of advancement flap (AF) versus fistulotomy with sphincter reconstruction (FSR) for primary complex fistula-in-ano in terms of recurrence and anal function. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare AF with FSR. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included physical ...
Dendrinos Kleanthis G - - 2006
Although serologic testing for perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (pANCA) and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) is reportedly useful in distinguishing ulcerative colitis (UC) from Crohn's disease (CD), there are few and conflicting reports assessing their utility in predicting postoperative complications after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). We examined the associations between postoperative ...
Szarka Lawrence A - - 2006
Patients presenting with megacolon and megarectum require extensive specialized testing to distinguish underlying Hirschsprung's disease from other secondary causes. Diagnostic testing and long-term treatment are best initiated after disimpaction has been achieved, by large-volume tap water enemas and/or oral colonic lavage with polyethylene glycol. With intensive treatment (including biofeedback if ...
Oberwalder M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anatomic anal sphincter defects can involve the internal anal sphincter (IAS), the external anal sphincter (EAS), or both muscles. Surgical repair of anteriorly located EAS defects consists of overlapping suture of the EAS or EAS imbrication; IAS imbrication can be added regardless of whether there is IAS injury. The ...
Liratzopoulos Nikolaos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissure is the most common cause of anal pain associated with internal anal sphincter hypertonia. Reduction of hypertonia favours fissure healing. Temporary reduction in sphincter tone can be achieved by conservative treatment. Surgical sphincterotomy achieves permanent reduction of sphincter hypertonia and is very successful at healing anal ...
Lysy Joseph - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacologic anal sphincter relaxants promote fissure healing; however, their effect is transient and the risk of late recurrence remains uncertain. METHODS: From August 1997 to August 2002, patients with chronic anal fissure attending our outpatient clinic were treated with a protocol that included: topical isosorbide dinitrate, 2.5 mg, or ...
Owen H A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Anal advancement flaps treat a variety of anal disorders. In recent years the "House" advancement flap has been used with good success, the term referring to the shape of the flap used. It is simple with few shortcomings. We reviewed a single centre's experience of this procedure. METHODS: All ...
Torrabadella Luis - - 2006
PURPOSE: Topical nitroglycerin has been widely used as a means for avoiding surgery in patients with anal fissure. However, nitroglycerin has not been universally accepted for this application because of inconsistency of efficacy and side effects. This study compares conventional digital application with precise intra-anal dosing of nitroglycerin using a ...
Koivusalo A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The repair of choice for persistent rectal prolapse (PRP) in children is disputed. Laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSRP) is effective in adults, but its usefulness in pediatric PRP is unknown. We compared LSRP with posterosagittal rectopexy (PSRP). METHODS: Sixteen children, with a median age of 6.5 years (range, 0.8-16.8) and ...
Calvo F A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare efficacy in terms of pathologic response in LARC patients treated with preoperative chemoradiation, with or without a short-intense course of induction oxaliplatin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 05/98 to 10/02, 114 patients were treated with preoperative chemoradiation (4500-5040 cGy + oral Tegafur 1200 mg/day) for cT(3)-(4)N(+/x)M(0) rectal cancer. ...
Yamana Tetsuo - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and physiologic outcomes after transvaginal rectocele repair. METHODS: Between June 2000 and January 2003, 30 females (mean age, 62 (range, 45-78) years) with a symptomatic large rectocele (>3 cm) underwent transvaginal rectocele repair (anterior levatorplasty). Six months after surgery, a physiologic ...
Kienle Peter - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the influence of intraoperative and postoperative radiotherapy on functional outcome after rectal resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: One hundred patients who underwent deep or standard anterior resection for rectal cancer were included in this follow-up study. All patients filled out questionnaires regarding morbidity ...
Dinnewitzer A J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is no general consensus regarding the timing of restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) in patients who have undergone subtotal colectomy with end ileostomy (STC). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of timing of RPC in patients who have undergone subtotal colectomy and end ileostomy for inflammatory ...
Boccasanta Paolo - - 2006
PURPOSE: A randomized study was performed to assess whether new technologies offer advantages over the conventional technique on the clinical and functional outcome of patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and fecal incontinence, submitted to Altemeier's procedure with levatorplasty. METHODS: Between January 1999 and December 2003, 58 patients (55 females; mean ...
Larson David W - - 2006
To compare safety and short-term outcomes of 100 laparoscopic ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) versus 200 conventional open IPAA patients. Outcomes of laparoscopic IPAA (LAP-IPAA) have been incompletely characterized. Previous reports are characterized by small numbers of patients and rarely include case-matched or randomized trial methodology. This report describes 100 LAP-IPAA ...
Barillari Paolo - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The management of anal fistula is debatable. Although several procedures have been described, none of them is free from complications, such as anal incontinence and anal pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the employment of a glue composed of N-butil-2-cyanoacrylate and methacryloxysulfolane (Glubran 2) ...
Rink A D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ileocaecal interposition (ICI) is a technique of rectal replacement after total mesorectal excision (TME), but the method has never been evaluated in a randomised fashion. We performed a randomised, controlled trial to compare ICI and colon-J-pouch (CJP) for rectal replacements after TME for rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen ...
Remzi Feza H - - 2006
PURPOSE: Controversy exists regarding the safety for omission of diverting ileostomy in restorative proctocolectomy because of fears of increased septic complications. This study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of restorative proctocolectomy in a consecutive series of patients by comparing postoperative complications, functional results, and quality of life in patients ...
De Nardi Paola - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of two different "chemical sphincterotomies" for chronic anal fissure. METHODS: From January to December 2001, 30 consecutive patients (17 males; mean age, 41.8 years) with chronic posterior anal fissure were enrolled. The patients were randomly assigned to receive 0.2 percent glycerine ...
Benzoni E - - 2006
AIM: Rubber band ligation (RBL) is a widely performed and well established treatment for second degree haemorrhoids. The aim of our prospective study was to assess the satisfaction of patients treated by rubber band ligation, as well as the immediate and long-term results of this technique. METHODS: From January 2001 ...
Kobakov Georgi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sphincter-saving operations and construction of intestinal reservoirs aim at additional improvement quality of life of patients with restorative proctocolectomy. The conventional ileoanal anastomosis affects the function of the anal sphincters. There is a need for operative techniques that provide sufficient intraluminal anal pressure and thus a better ...
Oomen J W P M - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate a guideline approach of reconstructive surgery for complex perineal sinus or rectal fistula. METHODS: pre-, per-, and postoperative data of 28 patients undergoing transposition of rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM), gracilis muscle (GM), gluteal thigh flap (GTF), or omentoplasty (OP) for complex perineal sinus or rectal fistula were ...
van der Hagen S J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In this study, we determined the long-term outcome of perianal fistulas treated with mucosal advancement flap (MF) or fistulotomy (FT). METHODS: One hundred three patients with perianal fistulas were treated by MF for high fistulas or FT for low fistulas and were retrospectively assessed by case-note review and examined ...
Evans Charles - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anal sphincter repair can improve function in patients with faecal incontinence but it is unclear which benefit and its long-term efficacy has been questioned. This study aims to assess the functional outcome of a single surgeon series of overlapping anal sphincter repairs with anterior levatorplasty. METHOD: A ...
Lim Y K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is an established treatment for hemorrhoidal disease. We evaluated our experience with stapled hemorrhoidopexy using the new Procedure for Prolapse and Hemorrhoids (PPH03) Proximate HCS hemorrhoidal circular stapler (Ethicon Endo-Surgery). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data for 238 patients who had undergone stapled hemorrhoidopexy in our department ...
Chiarioni Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Uncontrolled trials suggest biofeedback is an effective treatment for pelvic floor dyssynergia (PFD), a type of constipation defined by paradoxical contraction, or inability to relax, pelvic floor muscles during defecation. The aim was to compare biofeedback to laxatives plus education. METHODS: Patients with chronic, severe PFD were ...
Wang Jaw-Yuan - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between the LigaSure vessel sealing system and the conventional closed Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy procedure performed by diathermy. METHODS: A series of 84 patients with grades III and IV hemorrhoids were randomized into two groups: (1) LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy with submucosal dissection ...
Hadzi-Djokic Jovan B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a modified technique for a sigma-rectum pouch (Mainz pouch II). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 1994 and March 2003, a modified Mainz pouch II was constructed in 220 patients (153 men and 67 women, mean age 56.7 years) in a multicentre prospective ...
Falsetto Alessandro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diathermy haemorrhoidectomy is an effective technique for the management of 2nd, 3rd and 4th degree haemorrhoids. The anal cushions are excised by use of diathermy without ligature of the vascular pedicles. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of this technique. METHODS: Between ...
Ausch C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the surgical management and outcome of toxic megacolon and to update the aetiology of toxic megacolon. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective chart review of three academic colorectal surgery units was undertaken. Over a period of 20 years, 70 patients with surgically ...
Ho Kok Sun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the standard surgery for patients with mucosal ulcerative colitis (MUC). Although there is no absolute age limitation, there are concerns as to its use in elderly patients due to the risks of potential complications and poor function. The aim of ...
Habr-Gama Angelita - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Perineal rectosigmoidectomy has gained acceptance as a valid alternative to treat rectal procidentia with the advantage of decreased surgical risk, shorter recovery time, and lower complication rates when compared to abdominal approaches, although controversies still exist about its recurrence rates and functional results. This study aimed to evaluate the ...
DuPont Andrew W - - 2006
Ileostomy diarrhea is not an uncommon problem and can lead to considerable loss of quality of life. Unfortunately, well-designed therapeutic trials are lacking, and thus, treatment of patients with ileostomy diarrhea remains largely empiric. The majority of individuals will have "idiopathic" ileostomy diarrhea, or increased output due to proctocolectomy with ...
Hill Keri - - 2006
Tests for evaluating incontinence include endoanal ultrasound (EUS) and anorectal manometry. We hypothesized that EUS would be superior to anorectal manometry in identifying the subset of patients with surgically correctable sphincter defects leading to an improvement in clinical outcome in these patients. The purpose of this study was to compare ...
Williams Abimbola - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare two surgical techniques and two types of suture material for anal sphincter repair after childbirth-related injury. DESIGN: Factorial randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral maternity unit. POPULATION: Women with an anal sphincter injury sustained during childbirth. METHOD: Women were randomised into four groups: overlap repair with polyglactin ...
Norton Christine - - 2006
PURPOSE: Anal electric stimulation has been described as effective for fecal incontinence in several case series, but no study has addressed possible mechanism of benefit. We wished to examine whether anal electric stimulation, using an anal probe electrode, used on a daily basis at home for eight weeks, in the ...
Starck M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe and classify endosonographic obstetric sphincter defects at 1 week, 3 months and 1 year after primary repair, and to relate the endosonographic results to anal sphincter pressure and to symptoms of anal incontinence over time. METHODS: Forty-one women who had suffered a third- or fourth-degree perineal tear ...
Miyata Mitsuki - - 2006
The antibiotics, metronidazole and ciprofloxacin, are the first-line treatment for pouchitis. Patients who do not respond to antibiotics or conventional medications represent a major challenge to therapy. In this report, we have described a successful treatment of severe refractory pouchitis with a novel agent, rebamipide, known to promote epithelial cell ...
Ommer A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rectocele and distal intussusception are organic causes of outlet obstruction. A new surgical option called the stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) is described within a prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with symptomatic rectocele (four females), rectocele with coexistent intussusception (eight females), and intussusception (two males) underwent STARR ...
Li Ai-wu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One stage transanal Soave pull-through procedure (TSPP) is a recent popular operation in the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). With no visible scar and a short hospital stay, it is well accepted by surgeons and mothers. In the conventional Soave procedure, a long rectal muscular cuff left for anocolic ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The author describes a modification of Thiersch's procedure in patients with complete rectal prolapse by inducing fibrosis at the anal verge through circumferential subanodermal coagulation using a radiofrequency device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Ellman radiofrequency generator was used for coagulation. The postoperative events were recorded. The patients were followed ...
Allan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of urgent haemorrhoidectomy with conservative treatment for prolapsed thrombosed internal haemorrhoids. METHODS: A prospective randomised study of 50 patients with prolapsed thrombosed internal haemorrhoids was carried out using clinical and ultrasonic outcome measures. Peri-operative bed occupancy and the presence of symptoms at 6 and 24 ...
Heriot A G - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The comparative benefits and drawbacks of straight coloanal anastomosis (CAA), colonic J-pouch and coloplasty anastomosis after anterior resection are uncertain. Studies published between 1986 and 2005 of colonic J-pouch versus transverse coloplasty or straight CAA were analysed. Endpoints included postoperative complications, and functional and physiological outcomes measured ...
Hida Jin-Ichi - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term functional outcome of colonic J-pouch reconstruction after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer in a prospective study. METHODS: We compared the functional outcome of 46 patients who underwent J-pouch reconstruction (J-group) and 49 patients who underwent straight anastomosis (S-group) after LAR for rectal cancer. ...
Bernardshaw Soosaipillai V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Local recurrence (LR) of cancer after rectal surgery is followed by significant morbidity and mortality. Since the introduction of total mesorectal excision (TME) the rates of LR have decreased in many centres. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effect of TME on the recurrence rates ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The surgical approach in chronic anal fissure is often found associated with disturbed anal continence as well as recurrence. This report describes the author's approach of 'sphincterolysis' or fragmentation of the fibers of the internal sphincter on the left lateral anal wall. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 132 patients ...
Al-Waili Noori S - - 2006
We have found that a mixture of honey, olive oil, and beeswax was effective for treatment of diaper dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, and skin fungal infection. The mixture has antibacterial properties. A prospective pilot study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effect of topical application of the mixture on patients with ...
Jayaraman S - - 2006
Hemorrhoids are one of the most common anorectal disorders. The Milligan-Morgan open hemorrhoidectomy is the most widely practiced surgical technique used for the management of hemorrhoids and is considered the current "gold standard". Circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy was first described by Longo in 1998 as alternative to conventional excisional hemorrhoidectomy. Early, ...
Zmora Oded - - 2005
PURPOSE: The surgical management of complex perianal fistulas is challenging and may be associated with the risk of sphincter injury. Instillation of fibrin glue to the fistula tract is a simple procedure that does not involve any muscle division, and potentially results in healing of the fistula. This study was ...
Kudou Sumi - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative anal function of high-type imperforate anus after laparoscopically assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2002, LAARP was performed in 13 patients with high-type imperforate anus. Clinical data of the LAARP group were compared with the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) ...
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