Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1529
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Haas Eric M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Rectal instillation of 4 percent formalin solution has been described as a successful treatment for hemorrhagic radiation proctitis recalcitrant to medical treatment. We present our experience with a new method of treatment involving the topical application of 10 percent buffered formalin, which is well tolerated and suitable for office ...
Zhi-Chao LIU
Perianal eczema is a kind of inflammatory dermatosis on the perianal skin and mucosa. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the combined therapy of medicine and operation for the perianal eczema caused by the anal diseases such as hemorrhoids, fissures and fistulas. One hundred ...
Stangeland,Linn Aimee
Abstract. Background and aims: The main aim was to examine constipation and anal incontinence in patients before and after resection for external rectal prolapse. Material and mehods: Twenty patients had ligamentpreserving suture rectopexi and sigmoid resection (resection rectopexi) for external rectal prolapse by laparascopic (n=15) or open (n=5) technique during ...
Gupta Pravin J - - 2007
AIMS: This study was aimed to determine whether there was any relationship between consumption of chillies and postoperative symptoms after closed anal sphincterotomy in patients with chronic anal fissure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive analgesics and fiber supplement alone (control patients) or consumption of 1.5 g ...
Molander Pontus - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Grade III and IV anal sphincter ruptures after vaginal delivery are an increasing problem. We assessed the outcome of an overlap technique in primary repair. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, from 2002 to 2004, 61 consecutive women with grade III and IV obstetric tears were included. Of the ...
Hashmat Azeem - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and costs of chemical (topical glyceryl trinitrate ointment) versus lateral internal sphincterotomy for the treatment of chronic anal fissure. Design: A quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: This study was conducted at D.H.Q. /Allied Hospital, Faisalabad from November 2001 to October 2003. PATIENTS AND ...
Kishimoto Y - - 2007
This article shows a prospective study investigating bowel function after transanal rectal resection with internal and external sphincterectomy for low rectal cancer. Eight patients underwent standard low anterior resection with colonic J-pouch anal anastomosis (LARJ), and eight patients underwent transanal rectal resection with internal and external sphincter resection (IESR). Manometry, ...
Lomanto Davide - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In prolapsed haemorrhoids, there is a permanent outward displacement of the mucosa of the anal canal, often involving the rectal mucosa. On this background, Longo set up a technique in 1998 to reduce haemorrhoidal prolapse, using a circular stapler. The aim of this study is to report our 7 ...
Maslekar Sushil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anterior anal sphincter repair (ASR) is standard treatment for fecal incontinence resulting from an obstetrically damaged anal sphincter. Longterm results of repair have generally been shown to be poor. This review of single-unit series aimed to determine longterm outcomes of primary ASR for patients with fecal incontinence from obstetrically ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are no reports about the relationship between soiling and other defecation states in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) after ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). To assess the defecation states in patients with or without soiling at 5 years or more after IPAA for UC, we studied clinical findings ...
Johnson E - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The main aim was to examine constipation and anal incontinence in patients before and after resection for external rectal prolapse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients had ligament preserving suture rectopexy and sigmoid resection (resection rectopexy) for external rectal prolapse by laparoscopic (n = 15) or open (n ...
Bakan Vedat - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The Snodgrass technique and its modifications have become a preferred method for all varieties of hypospadias in the past decade. However, fistula is the most common complication of this technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of the single and double flap to prevent fistula ...
Inoue Yasuhiro - - 2007
AIM: The purse-string suture is the most important part of the procedure in stapled hemorrhoidopexy affecting resection of an ideal mucosal rectal ring. We designed a prospective, randomized study to evaluate the safety and clinical outcome of a 6-stitch purse-string suture compared with a more simple 3-stitch purse-string suture intended ...
Takeshita Kimiya - - 2007
PURPOSE: We developed several kinds of jejunal (J)-pouch reconstruction after a gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the advantages of these methods. METHODS: As for the treatment of malignant gastric diseases at stage II or earlier, we employed the J-pouch reconstruction (Roux-en-Y method: JPRY, ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: To clarify the significance of anal canal sensitivity contribution to soiling in patients after ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis (UC), we studied the sensory function of the anal canal. METHODS: Forty patients with UC who had undergone IPAA with ileostomy closure at least 60 to 132 ...
Shrivastava U K - - 2007
PURPOSE: Anal fissure is a common problem affecting all age groups with an equal incidence in both sexes. Traditional surgical treatments, like manual anal dilatation or a sphincterotomy, effectively heal most fissures within a few weeks but such procedures may result in anal incontinence. In recent years, various medical therapies ...
Shrikhande Shailesh V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The introduction of circular staplers into colorectal surgery has revolutionized anastomotic techniques stretching the limits of sphincter preservation. Data on the double-stapling technique (DST) has been widely published in the West where the incidence of colorectal cancer is high. However studies using this technique and their results, in the ...
El-Sawaf Mohamed I - - 2007
PURPOSE: The transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) is becoming the most popular procedure in the treatment of Hirschsprung disease (HD), but overstretching of the anal sphincters remains a critical issue that may impact the continence. This study examined the long-term outcome of TERPT versus conventional transabdominal (ABD) pull-through for HD. METHODS: ...
Grey Benjamin R - - 2007
Early surgical results of anterior sphincter repair for faecal incontinence can be good, but in the longer term are often disappointing. This study aimed to determine the short and long term outcomes from anterior sphincter repair and identify factors predictive of long term success. Patients who underwent anterior sphincter repair ...
Güenaga K F - - 2007
The use of loop ileostomy or loop transverse colostomy represents an important issue in colorectal surgery. Despite a slight preference for a loop ileostomy as a temporary stoma, the best form for temporary decompression of colorectal anastomosis still remains controversial. To assess the evidence in the use of loop ileostomy ...
Huang Wen-Shih - - 2007
PURPOSE: Short-term and mid-term outcomes of stapled hemorrhoidopexy (SH) were compared with those for Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy (FH) for treating hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with prolapsed hemorrhoids were randomized into two groups treated with SH (N = 300) and FH (N = 296) at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Chiayi ...
Plocek Margaret D - - 2006
PURPOSE: Previous studies identified reduction in pain and complications with stapled hemorrhoidopexy relative to conventional hemorrhoidectomy. Previously, the presence of resected squamous epithelium and a staple line height <20 mm above the dentate line were predictive of postoperative pain. The purpose of this study was to further investigate and refine ...
Sarli Leopoldo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective anorectal function in patients with left hemicolectomy and to clarify the clinical factors influencing postoperative anorectal function problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty one patients who underwent left hemicolectomy from April 2002 to December 2003 were enrolled ...
Schiano di Visconte Michele - - 2006
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of 0.25 percent glycerin trinitrate ointment in association with cryothermal anal dilators with 0.25 percent glycerin trinitrate ointment only and cryothermal anal dilators only. METHODS: A total of 48 patients suffering from chronic anal fissure were enrolled in this ...
Lockhart Mark E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To optimize forearm radiocephalic fistula success, many programs recommend a minimal cephalic vein diameter of 0.25 cm or greater on preoperative sonographic mapping. It is not established, however, whether a vein diameter before or after application of a tourniquet should be used in determining suitability for creation of a ...
Ramachandran P - - 2006
AIM: The objective was to study the clinical presentation and outcome of intussusceptions prolapsing rectally. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was done of 198 children who presented with intussusception at a single institution over a 5-year period. Of this group, the data of children with intussusception prolapsing rectally was studied. RESULTS: ...
Champagne Bradley J - - 2006
PURPOSE: The long-term efficacy of Surgisis anal fistula plug in closure of cryptoglandular anorectal fistulas was studied. METHODS: Patients with high cryptoglandular anorectal fistulas were prospectively studied. Additional variables recorded were: number of fistula tracts, and presence of setons. Under general anesthesia and in prone jackknife position, patients underwent irrigation ...
Roenneburg Marcella L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show the outcomes of primary surgical repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistula repairs in Niger, Africa. STUDY DESIGN: From October 2003 to April 2005, 90 patients were examined with vesicovaginal fistulas and no previous repair. Fistulas were variable in location and degree of ...
Gullichsen R - - 2006
After pelvic pouch surgery (restorative proctocolectomy), periodic or continuous diarrhea is common. Distressing diarrhea may be triggered by pouchitis, cuffitis or an anastomotic stricture. Medical therapy with loperamide or diphenoxylate is often unsatisfactory even after the correction of the underlying problem. Seven patients, who earlier had undergone restorative proctocolectomy, were ...
Arroyo Antonio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess the safety and effectiveness of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and to compare the results of two staplers. STUDY DESIGN: From February 2001 to June 2005, 37 patients diagnosed with obstructive defecation syndrome were treated with the STARR technique. We analyzed variables related ...
Pescatori M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Stapled rectal mucosectomy (SM) is less painful than manual haemorrhoidectomy but may be followed by unusual complications which may require reinterventions. The aim of the present study was to report on a particular postoperative complication, the rectal pocket syndrome (RPS). METHODS: Six patients, four females and two males, five ...
Kimura H - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the functional outcome of ultra-low anterior resection for rectal cancer with colonic J-pouch reconstruction with that of straight reconstruction. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-three patients who underwent ultra-low anterior resection with or without J-pouch reconstruction underwent bowel transit study, videodefecography, and answered a questionnaire survey 4 months and 1 year ...
Tilney Henry S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy is the treatment of choice for pediatric patients with refractory colitis, inherited polyposis syndromes, and some with colonic aganglionosis. Evidence concerning the optimal method of reconstruction is, however, sparse. METHODS: Studies comparing outcomes from ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) and straight ileoanal anastomosis (SIAA) were identified by searching ...
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of topical application of 0.5% nifedipine ointment in healing acute anal fissue and preventing its progress to chronicity. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (10 males, 21 females) with acute anal fissure from September 1999 to January 2005 were treated topically with 0.5% nifedipine ointment (t.i.d.) for 8 ...
Boccasanta Paolo - - 2007
PURPOSE: A remarkable incidence of failures after stapled axopexy (SA) for hemorrhoids has been recently reported by several papers, with an incomplete resection of the prolapsed tissue, due to the limited volume of the stapler casing as possible cause. The stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) was demonstrated to successfully cure ...
Sapin E - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the results of 2 procedures of transanal pull-through for the management of rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive children with rectal or rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease were operated on between November 1999 and April 2003, in two pediatric surgical departments (Dijon and ...
Lin Guo-Le - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare local resection of early rectal tumours by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) and the conventional posterior trans-sphincteric approach (Mason's operation). METHODS: The study group comprised 31 consecutive patients with early rectal tumours (18 villous adenomas, 13 adenocarcinomas) who underwent TEM in Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong. The control ...
Salum M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adhesions can result in serious clinical complications and make ileostomy closure, which is relatively simple procedure into a complicated and prolonged one. The use of sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethyl cellulose membrane (Seprafilm) was proven to significantly reduce the postoperative adhesions at the site of application. The aim of this ...
Börjesson L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conflicting views regarding the use of ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) in ulcerative colitis (UC) exist and this controversy prompted us to review our experience, especially against the background of the current tendency to choose the ileal pouch-anal procedure (IPAA). METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with IRA were studied. Complications, failure rate, ...
Koh Poh-Koon - - 2007
PURPOSE: This is a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials to compare the function and complications of a straight coloanal anastomosis to a colonic J-pouch after rectal excision at 1 year postoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search for articles from 1980 to 2005 was conducted on Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane ...
Filingeri V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anal stenosis is a common proctologic disease often caused from hemorrhoids surgery. Treatments adopted are many and varied. In this study we applied radiofrequencies to the classic Y-V anoplasty operation and reported results obtained. METHODS: Eligibility criteria consisted of patients affected by anal stenosis. Exclusion criteria were those with ...
Becker A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of the distance between external opening of perianal fistula and anal verge and to evaluate its relation to the type of fistula. Preoperative identification of complex fistulae is important for proper planning of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifteen consecutive patients operated ...
Lee Min Ro - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for anastomotic leakage in patients that have received a resection for rectal cancer. METHODOLOGY: Between January 1996 and December 2002, 499 patients underwent rectal resection for rectal cancer performed by the same surgeon, and of these 25 patients developed ...
Ikeuchi Hiroki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We investigated the incidence of postoperative complications in patients treated with or without preoperative leukocyte removal therapy (LRT). METHODS: The case notes of 387 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who underwent surgical intervention were retrospectively reviewed. One hundred nine patients were treated with LRT within 8 weeks before surgery ...
Portier Guillaume - - 2006
PURPOSE: Abdominal rectopexy is the preferred surgical technique for the treatment of total rectal prolapse. In many reported series, its results are impaired by induced constipation. Lateral rectal ligaments preservation could prevent constipation but increase recurrence rates. We report anatomic and functional results of abdominal Orr-Loygue ventral rectopexy with dissection ...
Gupta Pravinj - - 2006
AIM: To determine the efficacy and safety of sitz baths in the management of acute anal fissures. METHOD: Individual patients were randomized to either receive sitz baths or no sitz baths for 4 weeks in addition to oral psyllium husk. Patients were asked to soak their hips and buttocks in ...
Patti Rosalia - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Data on maximum resting pressure (MRP) and maximum squeeze pressure (MSP) changes after hemorrhoidectomy are not univocal and follow-up of patients undergoing surgery is mostly short-lived. The aim of this study was to prospectively examine during 1-year follow-up the long-term manometric results of MRP, MSP, and ultra ...
Arroyo Antonio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The main objections against circular stapled mucosectomy have been anal pain and rectal bleeding during the surgical procedure or in the immediate postoperative follow-up. To avoid these consequences, a new stapler (PPH33-03) has been developed. The aim of this trial was to compare the intraoperative and short-term postoperative morbidity ...
Sobrado Carlos Walter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Introduction of stapled hemorrhoidopexy by Longo in 1998 represented a radical change in the treatment of hemorrhoids. By avoiding multiple excisions and suture lines in the perianal region, stapled hemorrhoidopexy is intended to offer less postoperative pain than with conventional techniques. OBJECTIVE: To report and analyze the intra and ...
Speirs M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Defunctioning loop ileostomies are used commonly to protect low colorectal anastomoses and thereby reducing the serious complications of leakage. However, they are associated with specific complications such as retraction. Traditionally, a supporting rod is placed as a bridge to support both limbs of the stoma in the hope of ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >