Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1977
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Canton Virgilio Morales - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To describe the 6-month safety and preliminary efficacy outcomes of the use of 16-Gy radiation with intravitreal ranibizumab for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS:A single treatment of a non-invasive, externally delivered low-voltage 16-Gy x-ray irradiation was administered in one session through three locations ...
Chanowski Eric J P - - 2011
To assess the feasibility of internal transport disk distraction osteogenesis (ITDDO) for the regeneration of segmental mandibular defects and to evaluate the effect of radiation therapy. Prospective case series. Tertiary care academic medical centre. Nine patients were accrued (M:F 6:3; mean age 63 years, range 37-77 years) and underwent ITDDO ...
Tiwana M S - - 2011
Background: We investigated the physico-biochemical changes in saliva and its relation to quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer patients following conventional radiation therapy (RT). Materials and Methods: 53 consecutive head and neck cancer patients underwent conventional RT using telecobalt photons. We analyzed objective sialometry and sialochemical parameters ...
Sezer Ufuk - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the cytomorphological changes occurring in the buccal mucosa in patients treated with low-level 1,064-nm laser radiation. Seventeen individuals (12 males, five females) 18-24 years of age were included in the study. Low-level 1,064-nm laser radiation was applied to the right buccal mucosa near ...
Nakamatsu Kiyoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: : Postoperative adjuvant treatment with strontium-90 radiation therapy (RT) is a proven technique for reducing the recurrence of pterygium. This randomized trial was conducted to evaluate whether a total dose of 40 Gy provides a better local control rate than a total dose of 30 Gy for ...
Momoh Adeyiza O - - 2011
The optimal time for delayed autologous breast reconstruction after postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is unknown. Although most reconstructive surgeons recommend waiting for 6 months, this timing is arbitrary. A retrospective analysis was performed of 199 patients undergoing delayed autologous reconstruction; 100 patients had prior PMRT, whereas 99 patients had no ...
Lenz L - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Chronic radiation coloproctopathy (CRCP) is a well-recognized complication of radiotherapy, with rectal bleeding the most common presentation. It is frequently refractory to conservative management, but the optimal endoscopic treatment of bleeding secondary to CRCP is still controversial. The efficacy and safety of bipolar eletrocoagulation (BEC) and ...
Andreassi Maria Grazia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is considered a promising radio-protector for its antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. We examined the ability of NAC to confer protection against radiation-induced chromosomal DNA damage during cardiac catheterization procedures. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (52 males, age 64.4±11.9years) undergoing invasive cardiovascular procedures (peripheral transluminal angioplasty, n=45; cardiac resynchronization therapy, ...
Wang Jianhua - - 2011
Aims and background. The etiology of laryngeal granulomas is often multifactorial and the benefit of pharmacological therapy remains unclear. Anti-reflux treatment is only effective in granulomas definitely induced by gastroesophageal reflux. Steroid inhalation has shown favorable results but it is unclear whether it shortens the healing process. Surgical excision is ...
Hawkins Kevin - - 2011
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine if disparities in hip and knee replacement surgery exist among osteoarthritis patients with AARP-branded Medicare supplement plan (ie, Medigap) coverage provided by UnitedHealthcare. Patients were selected into the study if they had 1 or more medical claims with a diagnosis of ...
Harley Naomi H - - 2011
An exploratory radon measurement in 1990 identified 190 Bq m(-3) in the basement of a newly built home in Central New Jersey. Subsequently, the owner had a sub-slab remediation system installed in the basement, i.e. PVC duct through the basement floor connecting to an exhaust fan venting to the house ...
Andrada Hamer Maria - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study was to compare TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) with TVT-Secur in terms of efficacy and safety. METHODS: We set out to enrol 280 stress incontinent women with a half time interim analysis of short-term cure and a continuous registration of ...
Bezerra Sarita Maria de Fátima Martins de Carvalho - - 2011
Among the various occupations which necessarily require long-term and chronic sun exposure is that of a fisherman. However, clinical experience in dermatology earned over several years of medical practice does not seem to confirm this hypothesis. To evaluate clinical, histological and immunological effects of long-term and chronic exposure to ultraviolet ...
Williams William N - - 2011
The goal of this prospective randomized clinical trial was to compare 2 cohorts of standardized cleft patients with regard to functional speech outcome and the presence or absence of palatal fistulae. The 2 cohorts are randomized to undergo either a conventional von Langenbeck repair with intravelar velarplasty or the double-opposing ...
Ahn Hyo-Won - - 2011
To determine the initial compensation, preoperative decompensation, and postoperative compensation of the lower incisors according to the skeletal anteroposterior discrepancy and vertical type in skeletal Class III patients. The samples consisted of 68 skeletal Class III patients treated with two-jaw surgery and orthodontic treatment. Lateral cephalograms were taken before preoperative ...
Moffitt Allen Hall - - 2011
To determine the frequency of significant pathologies on lateral cephalograms discovered by orthodontists during their careers. A five-statement survey was sent to the 417 active and affiliate members of the Edward H. Angle Society of Orthodontists. The survey asked orthodontists to identify any significant radiographic pathology that they had discovered ...
KüçükkeleĊŸ Nazan - - 2011
To compare the treatment outcomes of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) plus face mask (FM) and LeFort 1 osteotomy + FM during maxillary protraction. This study was carried on 34 patients all having maxillary retrognathic, anterior cross-bite, Class III skeletal and dental malocclusion characteristics and a concave profile. Eighteen patients with ...
Das Sudip - - 2011
Treatment of collagen vascular diseases like systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and even overlap syndromes has been difficult since long. Monumental success of dexamethasone-cyclophosphamide pulse (DCP) in pemphigus has prompted many a dermatologist to try it in other autoimmune diseases. DCP was given as per standard regimen for ...
Ventimiglia Jeff - - 2010
In this article we investigate the post-launch retail prescription trends of asenapine (Saphris(®), Merck and Co.) and iloperidone (Fanapt(®), Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc./Novartis), two new atypical antipsychotics to launch in the United States market in October 2009 and January 2010, respectively. In the first 12 months following the asenapine launch, and ...
Baccetti Tiziano - - 2011
Aim: To investigate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and/or transpalatal arch (TPA) therapy in combination with deciduous canine extraction on the eruption of palatally displaced canines (PDCs). Subjects and Methods: Hundred and twenty subjects were enrolled in an RCT based on PDCs diagnosed on panoramic radiographs and they ...
Farronato Giampietro - - 2011
The aim of this retrospective study was to cephalometrically evaluate and compare the skeletal and dental effects of a transverse sagittal maxillary expander (TSME) and a Hyrax-type expander (RME) in children with maxillary hypoplasia. Fifty subjects (26 males and 24 females), aged from 6 to 15 years, with a maxillary ...
Kretschmer Winfried Bernhard - - 2011
The transverse dentoalveolar and skeletal stability of multipiece Le Fort I osteotomies with 3 different techniques was investigated. The records of 87 patients undergoing bimaxillary osteotomies with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomy were evaluated. According to the surgical technique of maxillary expansion, the subjects were divided into 3 groups: unilateral ...
Oland Jesper - - 2011
A prospective, controlled study of consecutive surgical-orthodontic patients was performed to assess how treatment affects the patients' psychosocial well-being. We evaluated patients' treatment motivations and motive fulfillment in relation to their satisfaction with the treatment and assessed the correlation between their satisfaction and their psychosocial well-being. A total of 118 ...
He Shu Shu - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between centric relation-maximum intercuspation (CR-MI) discrepancy and temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) in pre-treated orthodontic patients. The study involved an experimental group of 107 pre-treated orthodontic patients with signs and symptoms of TMD aged 18-32 years, and a control group of 70 students with no signs and ...
You Kug-Ho - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensional changes in each skeletal unit in the mandibles of patients with facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism. The patients consisted of 50 adults with mandibular prognathism, divided into the symmetry group (n = 20) and the asymmetry group (n = 30) ...
Oosterkamp Barbara C M - - 2010
Abstract Objective: To compare dental aesthetics and function of orthodontic space closure versus prosthetic replacement of upper lateral incisors in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate. The predominant mode of prosthetic replacement was resin-bonded bridges. Patients and Methods: The retrospective study group consisted of 17 patients treated with orthodontic ...
Maia Nair Galvão - - 2010
To identify factors associated with patient satisfaction at least 5 years after orthodontic treatment. A total of 209 orthodontic patients were included in the study. All subjects were treated with upper and lower fixed orthodontic appliances. Dental casts (n = 627) were examined using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) Index ...
Marklund Marie - - 2010
This pilot study was performed to test the hypothesis that an orthodontic oral appliance (OA) that is designed to work against the backwardly directed forces on the upper incisors may counteract the reduction in overjet from these devices. Thirty patients with normal bites, good oral health, and milder sleep apnea ...
Yagci A - - 2010
To assess the effects of varying force direction of maxillary orthopedic protraction on mandibular condylar position. The conventional facemask group (Group 1) comprised 22 patients, 11 girls, and 11 boys (mean age: 9.3 ± 1.3 years); the modified facemask group (Group 2) comprised 22 patients, 12 girls, and 10 boys ...
Xu Tian-Min - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this pilot randomized clinical trial was to investigate the relative effectiveness of anchorage conservation of en-masse and 2-step retraction techniques during maximum anchorage treatment in patients with Angle Class I and Class II malocclusions. METHODS: Sixty-four growing subjects (25 boys, 39 girls; 10.2-15.9 years old) who ...
Xu Tian-Min - - 2010
The objective of this pilot randomized clinical trial was to investigate the relative effectiveness of anchorage conservation of en-masse and 2-step retraction techniques during maximum anchorage treatment in patients with Angle Class I and Class II malocclusions. Sixty-four growing subjects (25 boys, 39 girls; 10.2-15.9 years old) who required maximum ...
Lyotard Nadia - - 2010
To evaluate short-term postorthodontic tooth movement without retention. Thirty consenting patients participated in the study. At the end of active treatment (T(1)), final archwires were removed while leaving the fixed appliances on, and alginate impressions were taken. Four weeks later (T(2)) a second set of impressions was taken. A clinical ...
Kacer Kurtis A - - 2010
The purpose of this descriptive study was to estimate retainer wear and compliance among orthodontic patients in the first 2 years after active orthodontic treatment. A random sample of 1200 orthodontic patients was selected from 4 offices. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire that consisted of 6 items: type ...
Valiathan Manish - - 2010
To compare the effects of extraction vs nonextraction orthodontic treatments on oropharyngeal airway volume. An existing patient database was screened for pretreatment (T0) and posttreatment (T1) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and complete medical histories. Twenty patients treated with removal of four premolars (ExtG) and 20 controls (NExtG), were ...
Carvalho Thiago Saads - - 2010
To compare the survival rates of Class II Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) restorations placed in primary molars using cotton rolls or rubber dam as isolation methods. A total of 232 children, 6-7 years old, both genders, were selected having one primary molar with proximal dentine lesion. The children were randomly ...
Flores-Mir Carlos - - 2010
To evaluate the magnitude of lower incisor inclination associated with the vertical facial type in adolescent Class II patients treated with the Xbow appliance. A total of 172 consecutive Class II patients treated with only the Xbow appliance were used. The sample was divided into three groups based on their ...
You Kug-Ho - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensional changes in each skeletal unit in the mandibles of patients with facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism. METHODS: The patients consisted of 50 adults with mandibular prognathism, divided into the symmetry group (n = 20) and the asymmetry group (n ...
Guest Susan S - - 2010
The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the dentoalveolar and skeletal effects induced by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) therapy in mixed dentition patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion compared with a matched untreated Class II Division 1 control group. The treatment sample consisted of cephalometric records ...
De Clerck Hugo H Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2010
In this cephalometric investigation, we analyzed the treatment effects of bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) with miniplates in the maxilla and mandible connected by Class III elastics in patients with Class III malocclusion. The treated sample consisted of 21 Class III patients consecutively treated with the BAMP protocol before the pubertal ...
Sugawara Yasushi Y Department of Plastic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2010
Although many operative methods for the treatment of craniosynostosis exist, whether any difference in outcome could be associated with either the child's age at surgery or the extent of the operation remains to be elucidated. The authors have developed a method of distraction osteogenesis for craniosynostosis that uses a new ...
Jamilian Abdolreza - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a differently designed functional appliance (the R-appliance) with a twin-block (TB)-treated group. Thirty patients (18 girls and 12 boys) with a mean age of 10.5 ± 0.7 years were treated with the R-appliance for 16.2 ± 0.3 months and ...
Jonsson Teitur - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to analyze long-term changes in anterior spacing and crowding and to compare the development in orthodontically treated and untreated subjects. METHODS: The sample comprised 308 adolescents in the late mixed or early permanent dentition who were examined clinically at the ages of 7 ...
Gohl Elizabeth - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to use cone-beam computed tomography to compare changes of skeletal and dental structures of the maxillary palatal vault in a group of growing patients treated for posterior crossbite before and after rapid palatal expansion (RPE) with changes over time in a control group. ...
Jonsson Teitur - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to analyze long-term changes in anterior spacing and crowding and to compare the development in orthodontically treated and untreated subjects. METHODS: The sample comprised 308 adolescents in the late mixed or early permanent dentition who were examined clinically at the ages of 7 ...
Chattopadhyay Gautam - - 2010
Radiation induced haemorrhagic proctitis is a well recognized complication of pelvic radiotherapy and its treatment is quite challenging. To evaluate the efficacy of local instillation of 4% formalin in the management of uncontrolled radiation induced haemorrhagic proctitis. This prospective study included twenty-three patients who underwent formalin instillation. We documented the ...
Kartalian Armine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Rapid palatal expansion (RPE) is routinely used to correct transverse deficiencies in the maxilla, but its effects on the dentoalveolus are uncertain. The purpose of this study was to compare measurements made on cone-beam computerized tomography scans between patients with RPE treatment and controls to determine transverse dimension increases ...
Miamoto Cristina Batista - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aims in this study were to compare the biopsychosocial aspects of patients with cerebral palsy and subjects in a control group, establish the severity of malocclusion, and identify determinant factors. METHODS: The group with cerebral palsy included 60 patients diagnosed with the spastic form of the disease. The ...
Baek Man-Suk - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anterior open bite results from the combined influences of skeletal, dental, functional, and habitual factors. The long-term stability of anterior open bite corrected with absolute anchorage has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term stability of anterior open-bite correction with intrusion of ...
Barrett Aubrey A F - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the light-force chincup appliance in correcting the skeletal and dentoalveolar components of Class III malocclusion compared with an untreated Class III control group. The treatment sample consisted of 26 patients (11 boys, 15 girls) treated with the light-force chincup ...
Miamoto Cristina Batista - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aims in this study were to compare the biopsychosocial aspects of patients with cerebral palsy and subjects in a control group, establish the severity of malocclusion, and identify determinant factors. METHODS: The group with cerebral palsy included 60 patients diagnosed with the spastic form of the disease. The ...
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