Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1983
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Song Won-Wook - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate which factors affect upper dental midline deviation in dentofacial deformity patients using cone-beam computed tomography analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were selected for this study. Subjects were divided into 2 groups according to the amount of upper incisor (U1) midline ...
Blanco Roque H - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term effect of distal radius osteotomy without modifying the radial length or inclination for Kienböck disease. METHODS: Over 9 years, 14 patients underwent osteotomy of the distal radius without altering radial length or inclination. A total of 11 of these patients were available for follow-up after ...
Hung Shuo-Hui - - 2012
The ultrasonically activated scalpel has been introduced as an alternative to conventional methods of hemostasis in surgical procedures. The present study investigated the benefits of using the Harmonic FOCUS (HF) scalpel in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and in axillary staging surgery. All early-stage breast cancer patients who underwent BCS and axillary ...
Belovay Graham W - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of multiple trabecular micro-bypass stents combined with cataract surgery in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and cataract. SETTING: Private practice, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: Eyes with OAG had implantation of 2 or 3 micro-bypass stents with concurrent cataract surgery and follow-up ...
Almeida Vânia - - 2012
Our objective was to investigate functional outcome in primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). We followed a group of 24 patients with PLS. Clinical (ALSFRS), respiratory, and neurophysiological (electromyography and transcranial magnetic stimulation) evaluations were performed at entry and regularly over the follow-up period. The time taken for a greater than 10% ...
Aldasoro-Cáceres V - - 2012
A patient diagnosed with necrotizing scleritis, c-ANCA+ an orbital pseudotumour, and possible multiple sclerosis in 2003 was treated with oral cyclophosphamide and steroids with partial response. Between 2005-2010 she suffered self-limited episodes. In 2010 a first scleral transplant was performed with poor outcome. She was treated with rituximab, and a ...
Zimmer-Nowicka Joanna - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Implantation of the indwelling voice prosthesis has become the preferred method of voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Frequent prosthesis dysfunction remains the major problem. AIM: Analysis of the indwelling time and indications for multiple voice prosthesis replacements. METHODS: Forty two patients after total laryngectomy due to laryngeal cancer (6 ...
Mahajan Kedar R - - 2012
Introduction: Although it is known that continuous noninvasive ventilation (CNIV) can prolong life in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND), in this study we explore similar claims for diaphragm pacing (DP). Methods: NIV and DP users' vital capacities (VCs) over time and duration of NIV and CNIV dependence were analyzed ...
Glas Michael - - 2012
Pneumatic tube systems (PTS) present a convenient way for blood sample transport in medical facilities. Associated preanalytical interference in various tests is largely unknown. Implementing point-of-care coagulation management at our institution, we investigated multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) after PTS transportation. Whole blood samples from patients undergoing ...
Hubbard David - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study proposed to prospectively evaluate safety and clinical changes in outpatient endovascular treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-nine patients with MS were followed with the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) before and for 1and 6 ...
Saulle Dwight - - 2012
OBJECITVE: Concerns over increased wound complication rates have been raised when bone morphogenic protein (BMP) is employed as an adjunct for fusion in spinal surgery. In this study we evaluated 50 consecutive patients undergoing long-segment thoraco-lumbar spinal fusions with BMP to assess drain output and the rates of reoperation for ...
Chovanec Martin - - 2012
Endoscopy-assisted microsurgery represents modern trend of treatment of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) pathologies including vestibular schwannoma (VS). Endoscopes are used in adjunct to microscope to achieve better functional results with less morbidity. Angled optics, magnification and illumination enable superior view in the operative field. Consecutive 89 patients with untreated unilateral ...
Costantino Cosimo - - 2012
Neuromuscular Taping (NT) is a relatively new device that induces micro-movements by stimulating receptors in the skin. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the application of Neuromuscular Taping (NT) on motor performance and quality of life in a cohort of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Twenty ...
Husari Ahmad - - 2012
We report an 85-year-old male, with history of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), who was presented with progressive dyspnea, hypoxia, and anemia of 2 months duration. Six months before presentation, the patient was placed on Dabigatran etexilate (Dabigatran) (110 mg BID) for atrial fibrillation. His prior anemia workup included a negative upper ...
Safaee Reza - - 2012
The aim of this study was to design a regimen for refractory multiple myeloma with minimum complications to achieve a reasonable response. Fifteen patients with active multiple myeloma after at least two lines of conventional treatment underwent therapy with our regimen for two cycles. Disease activity was evaluated after the ...
Kim Tae-Hoon - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the bare-metal stent era. However, there have been no data concerning the clinical importance of anemia improvement during the follow-up period after discharge from the hospital during the drug-eluting stent era. ...
Heydarian Farhad - - 2012
To assess the relationship between anemia and first simple febrile convulsion in patients 6 months to 5 years old. This cross-sectional study was performed on 240 patients aged 6 months to 5 years old from 10 October 2010 to 15 December 2011 at Ghaem Hospital, Imam Reza Hospital, and Dr. ...
Koudale Somnath B - - 2012
Obtaining predictable and aesthetic root coverage has become an important part of periodontal therapy. Several techniques have been developed to obtain these results with variable outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of acellular dermal matrix allograft (ADMA) and subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between hemoglobin (Hgb) and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO(2)) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine its impact on outcome. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of severe TBI patients whose PbtO(2) was monitored. The relationship between Hgb-categorized into ...
Viganò Sara M - - 2012
Purpose: Anemia in chronic kidney disease dialysis patients is a complex syndrome involving many causes. Adequate dialysis can contribute to its correction through many mechanisms, including the removal of molecules that may inhibit erythropoiesis. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect on renal anemia of two ...
Saratzis Athanasios - - 2012
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare midterm mortality between anemic and nonanemic patients undergoing endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and to assess a correlation with markers of inflammation. Methods: Anemia was defined as hemoglobin <13 (men) and <12 g/dL (women). The impact of anemia and inflammatory ...
Hawamdeh Hasan M - - 2012
The efficacy of daily versus twice weekly and once weekly oral iron therapy was analyzed to optimize a protocol for treatment of IDM among Jordanian children. One hundred and forty-eight children aged between 6 and 60 months with Hb estimate less than 11 gm/dl were screened. They were randomly divided into three ...
Karkouti Keyvan - - 2012
: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of cardiac surgery, and preoperative anemia and perioperative erythrocyte transfusion are important risk factors. Prophylactic erythrocyte transfusion in anemic patients may, therefore, protect against AKI. : In this unblinded, parallel-group, randomized pilot trial, 60 anemic patients (hemoglobin 10-12 g/dL) undergoing cardiac ...
Suzuki Mitsuyoshi - - 2012
Background:  Ribavirin-related anemia is a serious side effect of the pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy used for hepatitis C, and may be cause for a reduction in ribavirin dose or even cessation of treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prophylactic effects of oral eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ...
Park Ji Yeon - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of airway complications and survival with special reference to radiation therapy in the care of patients undergoing covered stent placement for malignant esophageal strictures. A total of 208 patients who underwent stent placement with or without palliative radiation therapy for ...
Shimada Tsuneyuki - - 2012
A 37-year-old female who presented with pancytopenia in April 2008 was diagnosed with aplastic anemia stage 2 with a normal karyotype. She had a PNH phenotype in her red blood cells (RBC) and granulocytes, and HLA DR15. Her aplastic anemia was deteriorated from stage 2 to stage 3, and she ...
Fregonese Federica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate early and long-term mortality and associated risk factors in adults receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Thailand. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. METHODS: Previously untreated adults starting HAART in 2002-2009 were followed in 43 public hospitals. Kaplan-Meier probability of survival was estimated up to 5 years of ...
Jeong Oh - - 2012
Postsurgical anemia is one of the common unpleasant postoperative sequels during the early postoperative period after gastrectomy, for which no standard care has been established. To facilitate proper management, we investigated the clinical features of postsurgical anemia and sought to identify the factors affecting its subsequent recovery. A retrospective review ...
Sharma Rajni - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Human leukocyte antigen-matched bone marrow transplant in the treatment of aplastic anemia is generally not feasible in developing countries due to lack of resources and expertise and immunosuppressive therapy (IST) has been used as an alternative. This study aims to report the long-term outcome of children with aplastic anemia ...
Buisson Anthony - - 2012
Ileocolonoscopy remains the gold standard in diagnosing postoperative recurrence. After excluding stricture, wireless capsule endoscopy seemed accurate in small series, but no validated score is available. Ultrasonography is a non-invasive diagnostic method reducing radiation exposure and emerging as an alternative tool for identifying post-operative recurrence. Computed tomography enteroclysis yields objective ...
Madero-Visbal Rafael A - - 2012
This article reports the evaluation of cerium oxide (CeO(2)) nanoparticles' ability to decrease xerostomia and radiation-induced dermatitis in mice after head and neck radiation. Mice were irradiated using an IC160 x-ray system. Two cohorts were included: (A) No-radiation and (B) 30 Gy/6 fractions, and were randomized into three groups: (1) ...
Salhan Sudha - - 2012
Objectives. Anemia is a major public health problem throughout the world which assumes prominence in pregnant mothers. Patients with severe anemia continue to present themselves at term or in labor. This study was conducted to compare the improvements in hematological parameters of patients receiving partial exchange blood transfusion and transfusion ...
Canton Virgilio Morales - - 2012
To describe the 6-month safety and preliminary efficacy outcomes of the use of 24-Gy radiation with intravitreal ranibizumab for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A single treatment of a non-invasive, externally delivered low-voltage x-ray irradiation at a dose of 24 Gy was administered in one session through three ...
Romley John - - 2012
Objectives: To assess the effects of patient costsharing on initiation of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Study Design: Retrospective claims database study of privately insured patients newly diagnosed with MS between 2004 and 2008 from 33 large employers. Methods: We assessed the effects of plan-level cost-sharing on DMT ...
Dole┼żal O - - 2012
We report female patient, age 51, with clinically definitive multiple sclerosis (CDMS) since 1998, who underwent two PTA procedures with stent implantation for CCSVI in 2010. Expanded disability status scale (EDSS) worsened since the procedure from 4.5 to 6. Total number of three stents was implanted (two of them in ...
Siirala Waltteri - - 2012
Hypoventilation due to respiratory insufficiency is the most common cause of death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can be used as a palliative treatment. The current guidelines recommend performing spirometry, and recording nocturnal oxyhemoglobin saturation and arterial blood gas analysis to assess the severity of ...
Zecca Chiara - - 2012
The spectrum of side effects related to interferon beta-1b (INF-1b) treatment may compromise long-term adherence. Five INF-1b-treated multiple sclerosis patients with poor skin tolerability and clinical stability were instructed to dissolve the established (250 μg) INF-1b dose in half (0.5 mL) the standard diluent (1.0 mL, 0.54% sodium chloride solution), ...
Sjögren Sara E - - 2012
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid hypoplastic anemia, characterized by macrocytic anemia, reticulocytopenia, and severely reduced numbers of erythroid precursors in the bone marrow. For more than fifty years, glucocorticoids have remained the main option for pharmacological treatment of DBA. While continuous glucocorticoid administration increases hemoglobin levels in a ...
Karussis Dimitrios - - 2012
T-cell vaccination (TCV) for multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to treatment with autologous anti-myelin T-cells, attenuated by irradiation. Previously published clinical trials have been all open-labeled. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of TCV in progressive MS, in a double-blind, controlled clinical trial. Twenty-six patients with relapsing-progressive MS were enrolled in ...
Cabrera-López Cristina - - 2012
Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a rare autosomal dominant systemic disease with an estimated prevalence of 1/6000. Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumour with high morbidity frequently present in TS. The aim of the study was to test the effect of rapamycin in reducing the volume of AML in TS. ...
Frenkel Gal - - 2012
To compare the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of pulpotomies in primary molars performed with white or gray Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) in combination with ferric sulfate (FS), when one package of MTA is used for multiple treatments. Sixty eight children with 86 vital carious primary molars underwent pulpotomy with ...
Al Elayan Saad Saleh Abdullah SS Department of Orthopedics, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, 11612, Saudi - - 2012
This is a case report of a 29-year-old Saudi male with sickle cell disease (SCD) with severe stiffness of his joints, mainly both knees and hips, secondary to complications of SCD. He was severely crippled: unable to sit, stand or walk, and was bedridden for 8 years when he was ...
Liu Lei L Department of Ophthalmology, Royal United Hospital Bath, Bath BA1 3NG, - - 2012
We report a case of fingolimod-associated bilateral cystoid macular oedema in a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS). A 34-year-old female, diagnosed with MS at age of 30, developed bilateral blurred vision 5 days after initiation of fingolimod. She was misdiagnosed as optic neuritis initially and fingolimod was only discontinued 3 ...
Fokkema Margriet - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with both carotid stenosis and previously cervical radiation therapy are considered "high risk" for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) seems a reasonable alternative, but neither the operative risk for CEA nor the effectiveness of CAS has been proven. The purpose of this study ...
Jain Pankaj - - 2011
We agree that the covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) fare better than the uncovered stents as recurrent dysphagia due to tumor ingrowth is common with uncovered stent. Recent American College of Gastroenterology Practice Guideline on the Role of Esophageal Stents in Benign and Malignant Diseases concludes that SEMSs cannot be ...
Wang Ning - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the radiofrequency (RF) injury effect on cartilage in the different settings that are mostly used in clinical work under rigidly controlled laboratory conditions. METHODS: Twelve fresh porcine knees were used in our study. Five treatment areas were created on the femoral ...
Scheer Adena S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Significant variability and a lack of transparency exist in the reporting of anterior resection outcomes. OBJECTIVES:: This study aimed to qualitatively analyze the long-term functional outcomes and assessment tools used in evaluating patients with rectal cancer following anterior resection, to quantify the incidence of these outcomes, and to identify ...
Arunakul Malee - - 2011
To evaluate the level of salivary Mutans streptococci (MS) after rinsing with xylitol, fluoride, and a combination of xylitol and fluoride solutions, compared with distilled water. Eighty healthy 8-9 years old subjects with high level of MS (> 10(5) CFU/mL) were equally divided into 4 groups. Subjects rinsed their mouths ...
Wang H-Z - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the metabolic characteristics of the temporal lobes following radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DTI and (1)H-MRS were performed in 48 patients after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma and in 24 healthy, age-matched controls. All ...
Loewenhardt Björn - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) plays an important role in the management of severely injured patients. We evaluated the radiation exposure of WBCT scans using different positioning boards and arm positions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the radiation exposure of WBCT using a 16-slice multislice computed tomography scanner was evaluated. ...
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