Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1961
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Karkouti Keyvan - - 2012
: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of cardiac surgery, and preoperative anemia and perioperative erythrocyte transfusion are important risk factors. Prophylactic erythrocyte transfusion in anemic patients may, therefore, protect against AKI. : In this unblinded, parallel-group, randomized pilot trial, 60 anemic patients (hemoglobin 10-12 g/dL) undergoing cardiac ...
Suzuki Mitsuyoshi - - 2012
Background:  Ribavirin-related anemia is a serious side effect of the pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy used for hepatitis C, and may be cause for a reduction in ribavirin dose or even cessation of treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prophylactic effects of oral eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ...
Park Ji Yeon - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of airway complications and survival with special reference to radiation therapy in the care of patients undergoing covered stent placement for malignant esophageal strictures. A total of 208 patients who underwent stent placement with or without palliative radiation therapy for ...
Shimada Tsuneyuki - - 2012
A 37-year-old female who presented with pancytopenia in April 2008 was diagnosed with aplastic anemia stage 2 with a normal karyotype. She had a PNH phenotype in her red blood cells (RBC) and granulocytes, and HLA DR15. Her aplastic anemia was deteriorated from stage 2 to stage 3, and she ...
Fregonese Federica - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate early and long-term mortality and associated risk factors in adults receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Thailand. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. METHODS: Previously untreated adults starting HAART in 2002-2009 were followed in 43 public hospitals. Kaplan-Meier probability of survival was estimated up to 5 years of ...
Jeong Oh - - 2012
Postsurgical anemia is one of the common unpleasant postoperative sequels during the early postoperative period after gastrectomy, for which no standard care has been established. To facilitate proper management, we investigated the clinical features of postsurgical anemia and sought to identify the factors affecting its subsequent recovery. A retrospective review ...
Sharma Rajni - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Human leukocyte antigen-matched bone marrow transplant in the treatment of aplastic anemia is generally not feasible in developing countries due to lack of resources and expertise and immunosuppressive therapy (IST) has been used as an alternative. This study aims to report the long-term outcome of children with aplastic anemia ...
Buisson Anthony - - 2012
Ileocolonoscopy remains the gold standard in diagnosing postoperative recurrence. After excluding stricture, wireless capsule endoscopy seemed accurate in small series, but no validated score is available. Ultrasonography is a non-invasive diagnostic method reducing radiation exposure and emerging as an alternative tool for identifying post-operative recurrence. Computed tomography enteroclysis yields objective ...
Madero-Visbal Rafael A - - 2012
This article reports the evaluation of cerium oxide (CeO(2)) nanoparticles' ability to decrease xerostomia and radiation-induced dermatitis in mice after head and neck radiation. Mice were irradiated using an IC160 x-ray system. Two cohorts were included: (A) No-radiation and (B) 30 Gy/6 fractions, and were randomized into three groups: (1) ...
Salhan Sudha - - 2012
Objectives. Anemia is a major public health problem throughout the world which assumes prominence in pregnant mothers. Patients with severe anemia continue to present themselves at term or in labor. This study was conducted to compare the improvements in hematological parameters of patients receiving partial exchange blood transfusion and transfusion ...
Canton Virgilio Morales - - 2012
To describe the 6-month safety and preliminary efficacy outcomes of the use of 24-Gy radiation with intravitreal ranibizumab for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A single treatment of a non-invasive, externally delivered low-voltage x-ray irradiation at a dose of 24 Gy was administered in one session through three ...
Romley John - - 2012
Objectives: To assess the effects of patient costsharing on initiation of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Study Design: Retrospective claims database study of privately insured patients newly diagnosed with MS between 2004 and 2008 from 33 large employers. Methods: We assessed the effects of plan-level cost-sharing on DMT ...
Dole┼żal O - - 2012
We report female patient, age 51, with clinically definitive multiple sclerosis (CDMS) since 1998, who underwent two PTA procedures with stent implantation for CCSVI in 2010. Expanded disability status scale (EDSS) worsened since the procedure from 4.5 to 6. Total number of three stents was implanted (two of them in ...
Siirala Waltteri - - 2012
Hypoventilation due to respiratory insufficiency is the most common cause of death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can be used as a palliative treatment. The current guidelines recommend performing spirometry, and recording nocturnal oxyhemoglobin saturation and arterial blood gas analysis to assess the severity of ...
Zecca Chiara - - 2012
The spectrum of side effects related to interferon beta-1b (INF-1b) treatment may compromise long-term adherence. Five INF-1b-treated multiple sclerosis patients with poor skin tolerability and clinical stability were instructed to dissolve the established (250 μg) INF-1b dose in half (0.5 mL) the standard diluent (1.0 mL, 0.54% sodium chloride solution), ...
Sjögren Sara E - - 2012
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid hypoplastic anemia, characterized by macrocytic anemia, reticulocytopenia, and severely reduced numbers of erythroid precursors in the bone marrow. For more than fifty years, glucocorticoids have remained the main option for pharmacological treatment of DBA. While continuous glucocorticoid administration increases hemoglobin levels in a ...
Karussis Dimitrios - - 2012
T-cell vaccination (TCV) for multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to treatment with autologous anti-myelin T-cells, attenuated by irradiation. Previously published clinical trials have been all open-labeled. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of TCV in progressive MS, in a double-blind, controlled clinical trial. Twenty-six patients with relapsing-progressive MS were enrolled in ...
Cabrera-López Cristina - - 2012
Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a rare autosomal dominant systemic disease with an estimated prevalence of 1/6000. Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumour with high morbidity frequently present in TS. The aim of the study was to test the effect of rapamycin in reducing the volume of AML in TS. ...
Frenkel Gal - - 2012
To compare the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of pulpotomies in primary molars performed with white or gray Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) in combination with ferric sulfate (FS), when one package of MTA is used for multiple treatments. Sixty eight children with 86 vital carious primary molars underwent pulpotomy with ...
Al Elayan Saad Saleh Abdullah SS Department of Orthopedics, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, 11612, Saudi - - 2012
This is a case report of a 29-year-old Saudi male with sickle cell disease (SCD) with severe stiffness of his joints, mainly both knees and hips, secondary to complications of SCD. He was severely crippled: unable to sit, stand or walk, and was bedridden for 8 years when he was ...
Liu Lei L Department of Ophthalmology, Royal United Hospital Bath, Bath BA1 3NG, - - 2012
We report a case of fingolimod-associated bilateral cystoid macular oedema in a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS). A 34-year-old female, diagnosed with MS at age of 30, developed bilateral blurred vision 5 days after initiation of fingolimod. She was misdiagnosed as optic neuritis initially and fingolimod was only discontinued 3 ...
Fokkema Margriet - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with both carotid stenosis and previously cervical radiation therapy are considered "high risk" for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) seems a reasonable alternative, but neither the operative risk for CEA nor the effectiveness of CAS has been proven. The purpose of this study ...
Jain Pankaj - - 2011
We agree that the covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) fare better than the uncovered stents as recurrent dysphagia due to tumor ingrowth is common with uncovered stent. Recent American College of Gastroenterology Practice Guideline on the Role of Esophageal Stents in Benign and Malignant Diseases concludes that SEMSs cannot be ...
Wang Ning - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the radiofrequency (RF) injury effect on cartilage in the different settings that are mostly used in clinical work under rigidly controlled laboratory conditions. METHODS: Twelve fresh porcine knees were used in our study. Five treatment areas were created on the femoral ...
Scheer Adena S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Significant variability and a lack of transparency exist in the reporting of anterior resection outcomes. OBJECTIVES:: This study aimed to qualitatively analyze the long-term functional outcomes and assessment tools used in evaluating patients with rectal cancer following anterior resection, to quantify the incidence of these outcomes, and to identify ...
Arunakul Malee - - 2011
To evaluate the level of salivary Mutans streptococci (MS) after rinsing with xylitol, fluoride, and a combination of xylitol and fluoride solutions, compared with distilled water. Eighty healthy 8-9 years old subjects with high level of MS (> 10(5) CFU/mL) were equally divided into 4 groups. Subjects rinsed their mouths ...
Wang H-Z - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the metabolic characteristics of the temporal lobes following radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DTI and (1)H-MRS were performed in 48 patients after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma and in 24 healthy, age-matched controls. All ...
Loewenhardt Björn - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) plays an important role in the management of severely injured patients. We evaluated the radiation exposure of WBCT scans using different positioning boards and arm positions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the radiation exposure of WBCT using a 16-slice multislice computed tomography scanner was evaluated. ...
Leakey Meave - - 2011
Faunal evolution over the last 65 million years of earth's history was dominated by mammalian radiations, but much of this era is poorly represented in Africa. Mammals first appeared early in the Mesozoic, living alongside dinosaurs for millions of years, but it was not until the extinction of dinosaurs 65 ...
Lee Haemi - - 2011
To assess outcomes in managing primary lentigo maligna through surgical excision, radiation therapy, and carbon dioxide laser ablation. Retrospective case series review of all patients with primary lentigo maligna diagnosed and treated in London, Ontario, Canada, between July 2, 1991, and June 29, 2010. Seventy-five patients aged 39 to 93 ...
Hayhurst Caroline - - 2012
We sought to characterize vestibular schwannoma (VS) pseudoprogression after radiosurgery to assess its incidence, causative factors, and association with radiation-induced adverse effects. We performed a retrospective study of VS treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery during 2005-2009. Seventy-five patients had at least 24 months of clinical and radiographic follow-up (median, 29 ...
Kwong Wilson - - 2011
PURPOSE: Catheter ablation is the established curative therapy for pediatric tachyarrhythmias. However, exposure to ionizing radiation from fluoroscopy during the procedure is of concern to both patients and caregivers. We sought to assess the impact of an impedance-based three-dimensional navigation system (NavX(TM), Endocardial Solutions, Inc., St. Paul, MN) on pediatric ...
Shao Yuan - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a relatively rare bladder disease with a complex etiology. With the growing number of patients with pelvic radiation therapy, incidence of this disease has risen considerably. Although ...
Almehmi Ammar - - 2011
In spite of the existence of various strategies, dialysis graft thrombectomy remains time-consuming and requires substantial radiation exposure. The authors report a new approach for graft thrombectomy, "no-wait lysis", with the objective to examine its effect on procedure time and radiation exposure. Based on the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), ...
Canton Virgilio Morales - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To describe the 6-month safety and preliminary efficacy outcomes of the use of 16-Gy radiation with intravitreal ranibizumab for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). PATIENTS AND METHODS:A single treatment of a non-invasive, externally delivered low-voltage 16-Gy x-ray irradiation was administered in one session through three locations ...
Chanowski Eric J P - - 2011
To assess the feasibility of internal transport disk distraction osteogenesis (ITDDO) for the regeneration of segmental mandibular defects and to evaluate the effect of radiation therapy. Prospective case series. Tertiary care academic medical centre. Nine patients were accrued (M:F 6:3; mean age 63 years, range 37-77 years) and underwent ITDDO ...
Tiwana M S - - 2011
Background: We investigated the physico-biochemical changes in saliva and its relation to quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer patients following conventional radiation therapy (RT). Materials and Methods: 53 consecutive head and neck cancer patients underwent conventional RT using telecobalt photons. We analyzed objective sialometry and sialochemical parameters ...
Sezer Ufuk - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the cytomorphological changes occurring in the buccal mucosa in patients treated with low-level 1,064-nm laser radiation. Seventeen individuals (12 males, five females) 18-24 years of age were included in the study. Low-level 1,064-nm laser radiation was applied to the right buccal mucosa near ...
Nakamatsu Kiyoshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: : Postoperative adjuvant treatment with strontium-90 radiation therapy (RT) is a proven technique for reducing the recurrence of pterygium. This randomized trial was conducted to evaluate whether a total dose of 40 Gy provides a better local control rate than a total dose of 30 Gy for ...
Momoh Adeyiza O - - 2011
The optimal time for delayed autologous breast reconstruction after postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is unknown. Although most reconstructive surgeons recommend waiting for 6 months, this timing is arbitrary. A retrospective analysis was performed of 199 patients undergoing delayed autologous reconstruction; 100 patients had prior PMRT, whereas 99 patients had no ...
Lenz L - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Chronic radiation coloproctopathy (CRCP) is a well-recognized complication of radiotherapy, with rectal bleeding the most common presentation. It is frequently refractory to conservative management, but the optimal endoscopic treatment of bleeding secondary to CRCP is still controversial. The efficacy and safety of bipolar eletrocoagulation (BEC) and ...
Andreassi Maria Grazia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is considered a promising radio-protector for its antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. We examined the ability of NAC to confer protection against radiation-induced chromosomal DNA damage during cardiac catheterization procedures. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (52 males, age 64.4±11.9years) undergoing invasive cardiovascular procedures (peripheral transluminal angioplasty, n=45; cardiac resynchronization therapy, ...
Wang Jianhua - - 2011
Aims and background. The etiology of laryngeal granulomas is often multifactorial and the benefit of pharmacological therapy remains unclear. Anti-reflux treatment is only effective in granulomas definitely induced by gastroesophageal reflux. Steroid inhalation has shown favorable results but it is unclear whether it shortens the healing process. Surgical excision is ...
Hawkins Kevin - - 2011
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine if disparities in hip and knee replacement surgery exist among osteoarthritis patients with AARP-branded Medicare supplement plan (ie, Medigap) coverage provided by UnitedHealthcare. Patients were selected into the study if they had 1 or more medical claims with a diagnosis of ...
Harley Naomi H - - 2011
An exploratory radon measurement in 1990 identified 190 Bq m(-3) in the basement of a newly built home in Central New Jersey. Subsequently, the owner had a sub-slab remediation system installed in the basement, i.e. PVC duct through the basement floor connecting to an exhaust fan venting to the house ...
Andrada Hamer Maria - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study was to compare TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) with TVT-Secur in terms of efficacy and safety. METHODS: We set out to enrol 280 stress incontinent women with a half time interim analysis of short-term cure and a continuous registration of ...
Bezerra Sarita Maria de Fátima Martins de Carvalho - - 2011
Among the various occupations which necessarily require long-term and chronic sun exposure is that of a fisherman. However, clinical experience in dermatology earned over several years of medical practice does not seem to confirm this hypothesis. To evaluate clinical, histological and immunological effects of long-term and chronic exposure to ultraviolet ...
Williams William N - - 2011
The goal of this prospective randomized clinical trial was to compare 2 cohorts of standardized cleft patients with regard to functional speech outcome and the presence or absence of palatal fistulae. The 2 cohorts are randomized to undergo either a conventional von Langenbeck repair with intravelar velarplasty or the double-opposing ...
Ahn Hyo-Won - - 2011
To determine the initial compensation, preoperative decompensation, and postoperative compensation of the lower incisors according to the skeletal anteroposterior discrepancy and vertical type in skeletal Class III patients. The samples consisted of 68 skeletal Class III patients treated with two-jaw surgery and orthodontic treatment. Lateral cephalograms were taken before preoperative ...
Moffitt Allen Hall - - 2011
To determine the frequency of significant pathologies on lateral cephalograms discovered by orthodontists during their careers. A five-statement survey was sent to the 417 active and affiliate members of the Edward H. Angle Society of Orthodontists. The survey asked orthodontists to identify any significant radiographic pathology that they had discovered ...
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