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Results 151 - 200 of 1921
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Campbell Jonathan D - - 2013
Objectives: To estimate the long-term comparative effectiveness of first-line treatment in patients negative for anti-JC virus (JCV) antibodies with glatiramer acetate (GA), fingolimod, or natalizumab for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Study Design: We developed a simulation model to estimate the average 20-year clinical risks and benefits of GA, fingolimod, and ...
DemirtaƟ Abdullah - - 2013
Objective. To determine the effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy on renal functions by using DMSA scintigraphy while considering access counts. Material and Methods. A total of 37 patients who had undergone percutaneous nephrolithotomy were included. Preoperative DMSA scans were performed a day before the surgery, whereas postoperative scans were randomized by ...
Zhang Xuezheng - - 2013
To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture between multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve and continuous epidural analgesia. Seventy patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture scheduled for internal fixation were randomly divided into group N (n = ...
Braithwaite Susan S - - 2013
Group metrics are described to quantify blood glucose (BG) variability of hospitalized patients. The "multiplicative surrogate standard deviation" (MSSD) is the reverse-transformed group mean of the standard deviations (SDs) of the logarithmically transformed BG data set of each patient. The "geometric group mean" (GGM) is the reverse-transformed group mean of ...
Patti Francesco - - 2013
To assess the effects of subcutaneous (sc) interferon (IFN) -1a on cognition over 5 years in mildly disabled patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Patients aged 18-50 years with RRMS (Expanded Disability Status Scale score ≤4.0) who had completed the 3-year COGIMUS study underwent standardized magnetic resonance imaging, neurological examination, ...
Hurmeric Volkan - - 2013
To assess the effect of single versus multiple subconjunctival ranibizumab injections in patients with an early pterygium recurrence. Single-center, academic practice. Nine patients with early pterygium recurrence. Subconjunctival ranibizumab (0.5 mg/0.05 mL) was administered adjacent to pterygium recurrence. Group 1 (n = 5) received one injection; group 2 (n = ...
Cameron Michelle H - - 2013
Background. Many people with MS fall, but the best method for identifying those at increased fall risk is not known. Objective. To compare how accurately fall history, questionnaires, and physical tests predict future falls and injurious falls in people with MS. Methods. 52 people with MS were asked if they ...
Poon Michael - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this review was to investigate if advances in bone-targeted therapies have decreased the incidence of skeletal morbidity rates over time in patients with multiple myeloma-related bone disease. Methods: A literature search was conducted over the OvidSP platform in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Hao Jason Jishun JJ National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United - - 2013
Chinese scalp acupuncture is a contemporary acupuncture technique with just 40 years of history. It integrates traditional Chinese needling methods with Western medical knowledge of the cerebral cortex and has been proven to be a very effective technique for treating multiple sclerosis (MS) and other central nervous system disorders. A ...
Bonafede Machaon M MM Truven Health Analytics, Cambridge, MA, - - 2013
To evaluate multiple sclerosis (MS)-related health care-resource utilization and costs prior to and after initiating natalizumab in the US. A retrospective administrative claims analysis was conducted using the Truven Health MarketScan Databases to identify adults diagnosed with MS who initiated natalizumab (index date) between January 1, 2007 and December 31, ...
Corno Antonio F AF King Fahad Medical City Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Introduction: A multicenter prospective study was conducted to evaluate a new strategy for multiple Ventricular Septal Defects (VSDs). Materials and Methods: From 2004 to 2012 17 consecutive children (3 premature, 14 infants), mean age 3.2 months (9 days-9 months), mean body weight 4.2 kg (3.1-6.1 kg), with multiple VSDs underwent Pulmonary Artery Banding (PAB) with ...
Brown J William L JW Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2013
Alemtuzumab (previously known as Campath(®)) is a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the CD52 antigen on mature lymphocytes that results in lymphopenia and subsequent modification of the immune repertoire. Here we explore evidence for its efficacy and safety in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. One Phase II and two Phase III trials ...
Havla Joachim - - 2012
After discontinuation of natalizumab (NAT), multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity often recurs. We assessed the recurrence of clinical disease activity during the first year after switching from NAT to fingolimod (FTY) in patients with relapsing-remitting MS. The number of relapses and the annualized relapse rate (ARR) before, during and after ...
Derakhshandi Hajar - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) presents with optic neuritis (ON) in 20 % of cases and 50 % of ON patients develop MS within 15 years. In this study, we evaluated the preventive effects of vitamin D3 administration on the conversion of ON to MS (primary outcome) and on the MRI lesions (secondary outcome) of ...
Kamimura Tomohiko - - 2012
Subcutaneous (sc) rather than intravenous administration of bortezomib (Bor) is becoming more common for treating multiple myeloma (MM) because scBor results in lower incidence and severity of peripheral neuropathy and has equivalent efficacy. Bor is an irritant cytotoxic agent when it leaks out; therefore, it is recommended that injections of ...
Nolan Rachel - - 2013
To determine whether fingolimod, an oral sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator approved for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS), generally leads to increased retinal tissue volume. In this longitudinal observational study, we compared changes in macular volume on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) between consecutive patients with MS who initiated fingolimod and a ...
Flynn Aidan W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to investigate the association between aortic sclerosis and mortality and major morbidity in patients with established coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Preoperative echocardiograms of consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2007 and 2009 (n=1150) were analysed, excluding patients without ...
Bergvall Niklas - - 2012
Abstract Background: Fingolimod and natalizumab have the same European Union licence for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis, and are considered by the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) to have broadly similar efficacy. Objective: A cost-minimization analysis was performed to compare differences in treatment costs between fingolimod ...
Goravanchi Farzin - - 2012
Five patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer were followed for 6 days after placement of a multiple-injection, one-time paravertebral block. Data were collected on patient satisfaction, analgesic consumption, side effects, and complications. Ropivacaine as a sole agent in paravertebral blocks has a clinical duration of up to 6 hours. ...
Bjornsdottir Anna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by autonomic dysfunction with parkinsonism (MSAp) or cerebellar (MSAc) symptoms. At autopsy, α-synuclein inclusions in glial cells of the brain are needed to confirm a definite diagnosis. We determined the 10 year incidence of MSA, point prevalence and survival in ...
Clement N D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a high rate of knee deformity in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), and a quarter of patients have a limb length discrepancy. METHODS: A prospective database of 172 patients with HME was compiled. Patient demographics, knee deformity and range of movement, leg length and height, and ...
Herrero Raquel - - 2012
PURPOSE: To quantify changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) over 3 years and to evaluate whether treatment protects against RNFL degeneration. Methods: Ninety-four MS patients and 50 healthy subjects were followed-up over 3 years. All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, which ...
Orji Foster Tochukwu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The frequent relapses of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) sometimes demand repeated surgical excision with tracheostomy. This situation plays a vital role in the management of RRP in developing countries such as ours because of late presentation. This study was conducted to evaluate our experience with RRP and to determine ...
Hikita Katsuya - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with intravesical injection of botulinum toxin type A into the detrusor muscle of patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity secondary to suprasacral spinal cord lesions or multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Between January 2003 and March 2011, 11 patients (aged 23-75 years) were treated with 40 injections of botulinum ...
Roman Alexandra - - 2012
Objective: The use of a coronally advanced flap (CAF) and connective tissue graft (CTG) is a well-established procedure to cover single and multiple recessions and improve soft tissue esthetics. However, until now, there are still limited data evaluating patient morbidity, the fear of imminent tooth loss, and modification of sensitivity ...
Ribeiro Sara F T - - 2012
One of the most common problems of the surgical management of Graves upper eyelid retraction is the occurrence of eyelid contour abnormalities. In the present study, the postoperative contour of a large sample of eyelids of patients with Graves orbitopathy was measured. The postoperative upper eyelid contour of 62 eyes ...
Smith Vanessa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study safety and potential efficacy of a 2-treatment course (month 0/6) with rituximab (RTX) in early diffuse systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: Two years' followup (open-label study) was done of 8 patients with early dcSSc. Patients received an infusion of 1000 mg RTX 2 times at months 0 and ...
Cohen Jeffrey A - - 2012
The anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab reduced disease activity in a phase 2 trial of previously untreated patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of first-line alemtuzumab compared with interferon beta 1a in a phase 3 trial. In our 2 year, rater-masked, randomised controlled phase 3 ...
Coles Alasdair J - - 2012
The anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab reduces disease activity in previously untreated patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab compared with interferon beta 1a in patients who have relapsed despite first-line treatment. In our 2 year, rater-masked, randomised controlled phase 3 trial, we enrolled ...
Tedeholm H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown whether early immunomodulatory treatment in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) can delay the transition to secondary progression (SP). OBJECTIVE: To compare the time interval from onset to SP in patients with RRMS between a contemporary cohort, treated with first generation disease modifying drugs (DMDs), and a historical ...
de Bakker Evelien - - 2012
Primary flexor enthesopathy is a recently recognized elbow disorder and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of elbow lameness. For treatment planning purposes, it is important to make a distinction between primary and concomitant forms of the disease. The purpose of this prospective study was to compare radiographic findings ...
Larsen J T - - 2013
A markedly elevated serum free light chain (FLC) ratio may serve as a biomarker for malignant transformation in high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) and identify patients who are at imminent risk of progression. We retrospectively studied the predictive value of the serum (FLC) assay in 586 patients with SMM diagnosed ...
Chang Mun Young - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the hearing outcomes between 2 malleostapedotomy (MS) procedures, handle-MS, connecting the prosthesis with the malleus handle and neck-MS, connecting the prosthesis with the malleus neck. PATIENTS: Fourteen individuals having undergone MS in the setting of otosclerosis or congenital ossicular fixation from January 1983 through December 2009. INTERVENTION: ...
Portaccio E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development of treatment strategies for cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) is still in its infancy. The objective of this prospective, non-randomized, pilot study was to assess the possible efficacy of treatment with natalizumab in comparison with interferon beta (IFNB) in a group of relapsing-remitting (RR) ...
Ontaneda Daniel D Mellen Center, Department of Neurology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2012
Fingolimod is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reduce relapses and disability progression in relapsing forms of MS. Several screening studies and a first-dose observation (FDO) period are recommended due to adverse effects observed in clinical trials. The objective of this study is to describe the early ...
Min Jeff - - 2012
Purpose: To compare the anti-fibrotic effects of single versus multiple postoperative injections of saratin following glaucoma filtration surgery (GFS) in the rabbit model. Methods: The experiment was in two parts. To determine the optimal frequency for postoperative therapy, seven New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits received an injection of saratin under ...
Zivadinov Robert - - 2012
To prospectively investigate the associations of baseline serum anti-phospholipid antibody (APLA) status on evolution of clinical and MRI measures in a multiple sclerosis (MS) patient cohort treated with interferon-beta (IFN-beta). Forty-seven relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients, [26 APLA-positive (APLA(+)) and 21 APLA-negative (APLA(-))] matched for age, sex, disease duration, MRI characteristics, ...
Greenky Max - - 2012
Anemia is common in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Numerous studies have associated anemia with increased risk of infection, length of hospital stay, and mortality in surgical populations. However, it is unclear whether and to what degree preoperative anemia in patients undergoing TJA influences postoperative periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) ...
Song Won-Wook - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate which factors affect upper dental midline deviation in dentofacial deformity patients using cone-beam computed tomography analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were selected for this study. Subjects were divided into 2 groups according to the amount of upper incisor (U1) midline ...
Blanco Roque H - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term effect of distal radius osteotomy without modifying the radial length or inclination for Kienböck disease. METHODS: Over 9 years, 14 patients underwent osteotomy of the distal radius without altering radial length or inclination. A total of 11 of these patients were available for follow-up after ...
Hung Shuo-Hui - - 2012
The ultrasonically activated scalpel has been introduced as an alternative to conventional methods of hemostasis in surgical procedures. The present study investigated the benefits of using the Harmonic FOCUS (HF) scalpel in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and in axillary staging surgery. All early-stage breast cancer patients who underwent BCS and axillary ...
Belovay Graham W - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of multiple trabecular micro-bypass stents combined with cataract surgery in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and cataract. SETTING: Private practice, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: Eyes with OAG had implantation of 2 or 3 micro-bypass stents with concurrent cataract surgery and follow-up ...
Almeida Vânia - - 2012
Our objective was to investigate functional outcome in primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). We followed a group of 24 patients with PLS. Clinical (ALSFRS), respiratory, and neurophysiological (electromyography and transcranial magnetic stimulation) evaluations were performed at entry and regularly over the follow-up period. The time taken for a greater than 10% ...
Aldasoro-Cáceres V - - 2012
A patient diagnosed with necrotizing scleritis, c-ANCA+ an orbital pseudotumour, and possible multiple sclerosis in 2003 was treated with oral cyclophosphamide and steroids with partial response. Between 2005-2010 she suffered self-limited episodes. In 2010 a first scleral transplant was performed with poor outcome. She was treated with rituximab, and a ...
Zimmer-Nowicka Joanna - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Implantation of the indwelling voice prosthesis has become the preferred method of voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Frequent prosthesis dysfunction remains the major problem. AIM: Analysis of the indwelling time and indications for multiple voice prosthesis replacements. METHODS: Forty two patients after total laryngectomy due to laryngeal cancer (6 ...
Mahajan Kedar R - - 2012
Introduction: Although it is known that continuous noninvasive ventilation (CNIV) can prolong life in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND), in this study we explore similar claims for diaphragm pacing (DP). Methods: NIV and DP users' vital capacities (VCs) over time and duration of NIV and CNIV dependence were analyzed ...
Glas Michael - - 2012
Pneumatic tube systems (PTS) present a convenient way for blood sample transport in medical facilities. Associated preanalytical interference in various tests is largely unknown. Implementing point-of-care coagulation management at our institution, we investigated multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) after PTS transportation. Whole blood samples from patients undergoing ...
Hubbard David - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study proposed to prospectively evaluate safety and clinical changes in outpatient endovascular treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-nine patients with MS were followed with the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) before and for 1and 6 ...
Saulle Dwight - - 2012
OBJECITVE: Concerns over increased wound complication rates have been raised when bone morphogenic protein (BMP) is employed as an adjunct for fusion in spinal surgery. In this study we evaluated 50 consecutive patients undergoing long-segment thoraco-lumbar spinal fusions with BMP to assess drain output and the rates of reoperation for ...
Chovanec Martin - - 2012
Endoscopy-assisted microsurgery represents modern trend of treatment of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) pathologies including vestibular schwannoma (VS). Endoscopes are used in adjunct to microscope to achieve better functional results with less morbidity. Angled optics, magnification and illumination enable superior view in the operative field. Consecutive 89 patients with untreated unilateral ...
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