Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1969
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Sade Hoefert Claudia - - 2010
AIM: Rapid Maxillary Expansion (RME) and Delaire facemask are a well-established treatment method for patients with cleft lip and palate and Class III malocclusion. Several roentgenocephalometric studies on skeletal effects of this therapy are known. However, there are no systematic studies on soft tissue changes. The aim of this study ...
Ferguson James William - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of fixed appliance treatment in achieving planned sagittal molar positions, and to assess the stability of the resulting changes. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: District General Hospital Orthodontic Department, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing fixed appliance treatment involving extractions (n = 250). METHODS: Consecutive patients completing treatment ...
McNamara James A - - 2010
ABSTRACT Objective: To prospectively measure occlusal changes in mixed dentition patients who underwent a standardized early expansion protocol. Materials and Methods: The treatment sample consisted of 500 patients who were assigned to three groups according to molar relationship: Class I (n = 204), end-to-end (n = 166), and Class II ...
Kuroda Yasuko - - 2010
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the treatment effects of high-pull J-hook headgear on the lower dental arch in nongrowing Class III patients. Materials and Methods: Fourteen nongrowing Class III patients having an Angle Class III malocclusion and ANB angle of less than 1.0 degree, were treated with high-pull J-hook headgear to ...
Kurt Gökmen - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare changes in soft-palate morphology and nasopharyngeal relations after orthopedic rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and surgically assisted RME (SARME). METHODS: A group of 10 patients received RME, a second group of 10 patients received SARME, and a third group of 10 patients ...
Klatt Jan - - 2010
PURPOSE: The surgical approaches for the open treatment of condylar process fractures have been controversial. In our study, we evaluated the morbidity of the transparotid approach during 2 years of follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 48 patients with condylar process Class II and IV fractures according to classification ...
Zuroff Jay P - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The postretention stability of open-bite treatment is a controversial topic in orthodontics. METHODS: In this study, the lateral cephalometric radiographs of 64 patients treated with orthodontics alone were evaluated to determine the amount of postretention change. The mean postretention interval was 14 years. The sample was divided into 3 ...
Park Hyunjung - - 2010
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate differences in long-term postretention changes between adolescents and adults. Materials and Methods: The sample included 96 subjects, 51 adolescents and 45 adults (14.2 +/- 0.8 and 21.5 +/- 6.8 years of age, respectively, at the end of treatment) retained for 3 years and followed approximately 16 ...
Collette James - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare the patient preference for and the time of sealant placement using the isolite system (IS) vs cotton roll isolation (CRI). METHODS: A convenience sample of children whose mean age was 9.0(+/-2.3) years was selected. Sealants were placed bilaterally on the ...
Sabri Roy - - 2010
This article describes the nonextraction treatment of a girl in the late mixed dentition with a severe arch-length deficiency. Rapid maxillary expansion and molar distalization were combined with a lip bumper in the mandible, followed by fixed appliances. Although the literature has reported a high rate of relapse with this ...
Islam Rafiqul - - 2010
ABSTRACT Objectives: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the morphology of the lips and to determine the degree of improvement in the smile after orthognathic surgery for Class III malocclusion. Materials and Methods: The sample subjects included 30 adult female patients with dento-skeletal Class III malocclusion ...
Murdock John E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Access to orthodontic services for children enrolled in Medicaid is limited nationwide. Orthodontists cite low fee reimbursement as a significant barrier to Medicaid participation. The purpose of this study was to examine, under a specific set of practice assumptions, the simulated effect on profitability of treating patients covered by ...
Zuroff Jay P - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The postretention stability of open-bite treatment is a controversial topic in orthodontics. METHODS: In this study, the lateral cephalometric radiographs of 64 patients treated with orthodontics alone were evaluated to determine the amount of postretention change. The mean postretention interval was 14 years. The sample was divided into 3 ...
Altu─č Zahir - - 2010
We describe the treatment of a young adult male (aged 14 years 9 months) with Class III malocclusion using a mini maxillary protraction appliance, and discuss the results. The patient was treated with an acrylic cap splint-type expander and a modified maxillary protractor until a positive overjet was achieved. Edgewise ...
Murthy Jyotsna - - 2010
Early palate repair is recommended to minimize the development of disordered speech. We studied the speech outcome of late palate repair in 131 patients. The success of late palate repair is questioned because of the persistence of learned, compensatory misarticulations that are difficult to correct in spite of the establishment ...
Jung Young-Soo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term changes in the horizontal transverse mandibular width (TMW) between the angles of mandible after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) with respect to hard and soft tissues. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 107 from a pool of 207 patients with ...
Proffit W R WR Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450, USA. - - 2010
In mandibular deficient patients, mandibular growth is not expected after the adolescent growth spurt, so mandibular advancement surgery is often carried out at 13 years. To test if the long-term stability for younger patients is similar to that for adult patients, the authors compared cephalometric changes from 1-year postsurgery (when ...
Sattarzadeh Ali Payam - - 2010
The first aim of this study was to identify any difference in the perception of facial normality between orthodontists and lay people of patients with the initial presentation of a Class II division 1 malocclusion, the second is to investigate whether there was an identifiable facial change following Twin Block ...
Canuto Luiz Filiphe Gon?alves - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the long-term stability of maxillary incisor alignment in patients treated with and without rapid maxillary expansion (RME). METHODS: The sample comprised 48 subjects with Class I and Class II malocclusions, treated without extractions with fixed edgewise appliances, divided into 2 ...
Costa Maur?cio Ribeiro - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic appliances hinder mechanical plaque control. In this study, we evaluated the effect of self-performed supragingival plaque removal with ultrasonic, electric, and manual toothbrushes on subgingival plaque composition in orthodontically banded molars. METHODS: Twenty-one patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances were assigned to this single-blind crossover study. Samples of subgingival ...
Heymann Gavin C GC - - 2010
Early Class III treatment with reverse-pull headgear generally results in maxillary skeletal protraction but is frequently also accompanied by unfavorable dentoalveolar effects. An alternative treatment with intermaxillary elastics from a temporary anchorage device might permit equivalent favorable skeletal changes without the unwanted dentoalveolar effects. Six consecutive patients (3 boys, 3 ...
Kim Y-I - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term changes in condylar position related to the glenoid fossa, and skeletal and occlusal stability after orthognathic surgery. All of the study patients were assessed by cone-beam computed tomography images for condylar rotational changes and anteroposterior position in the ...
Bell D J - - 2010
Snake bite causes significant morbidity and mortality in Sri Lanka. Snake venoms contain neurotoxins that block neuromuscular junction transmission. Presynaptic neurotoxicity most commonly causes destruction of nerve terminals with recovery by regrowth, whilst postsynaptic neurotoxicity usually involves competition at the acetylcholine receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Matsumaru Yuichi - - 2010
To assess the influence of mandibular residual ridge resorption (RRR) on objective masticatory measures of two occlusal schemes: lingualized occlusion (LO) and fully bilateral balanced articulation (FBBA). The enrolled patients (n=22) were randomly allocated one set of complete dentures with either LO or FBBA. Maximum occlusal force, masticatory performance (by ...
Kulewicz M - - 2010
This study compared craniofacial morphology between three groups of children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate, treated with different surgical protocols. The study included 66 10-year-old children (42 boys and 20 girls) with a complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (22 patients in each of the three groups). Children ...
Edman Tynelius G - - 2010
The aim of this study was to use a randomized controlled trial methodology to evaluate and compare three different retention methods. The capacity of the retention methods to retain orthodontic treatment results was in this first phase analysed on a short-term basis, i.e. after 1 year of retention. The subjects ...
Aksu Muge - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate skeletal and dental stability in adult cleft lip and palate patients treated with a rigid external distraction system at the end of distraction and during the postdistraction period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms of 7 patients were obtained before distraction, at the end of distraction, and during ...
Kretschmer Winfried Bernhard - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of segmentation on the stability of Le Fort I osteotomies in bimaxillary procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty patients undergoing bimaxillary osteotomies (60 single-piece maxilla, 60 3-piece maxilla) were included in the study. Cephalometric analysis was performed ...
G?rsoy Seda - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term outcomes of maxillary distraction osteogenesis (DO) on skeletal and dental structures of growing children with cleft lip and palate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Severe maxillary deficiencies were treated with a rigid external distractor device followed by a consolidation period. Preoperative and postoperative orthodontic treatment lasted a ...
Yüksel Sema - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in dentofacial growth before, during, and after use of a magnetic activator device (MAD) II in high-angle Class II division 1 patients. Lateral cephalometric and hand-wrist radiographs of 10 patients (six girls and four boys) with an average chronological age of ...
Garbui Ivana Uglik - - 2010
Vertical control is one of the primary objectives sought by orthodontists when treating malocclusions in hyperdivergent individuals. This investigation aimed at assessing vertical control, by cephalometric measurements, during the treatment of Angle Class II Division 1 malocclusion. Thirty cases, selected from the files of the São Leopoldo Mandic Dental Research ...
Pandis Nikolaos - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the time required to complete the alignment of crowded maxillary anterior teeth (canine to canine) between Damon MX (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) and In-Ovation R (GAC, Central Islip, NY) self-ligating brackets. METHODS: Seventy patients from the first author's office were included in this randomized controlled ...
Fong Jenny Hwai-Jen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to investigate the facial skeletal features associated with chin deviation. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (14 males and 11 females) diagnosed with chin deviations of more than 2 mm were recruited. Fifteen skeletal landmarks, including median and lateral points, were located on posteroanterior cephalograms. The CG-ANS (crista-galli ...
Enache Aurelia Magdalena - - 2010
Objective: To establish the sagittal and vertical skeletal pattern of the Romanian patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients and Methods: Lateral cephalograms of forty patients, divided in two groups, group I - twenty patients with OSA (15 males and five females) and aged between 34-76 years and group II ...
Fernandes Alvaro Francisco Carrielo - - 2010
Aim:The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar changes due to treatment with twin block and Thurow appliances in patients with Class II occlusions. Method: The sample consisted of 19 randomly selected patients in each group, as well as 20 individuals in the control group. All ...
Siara-Olds Nicole J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the long-term dentoskeletal changes in patients treated with tooth-borne functional appliances were comparable to each other and to matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experimental sample consisted of 80 consecutively treated patients who were equally divided into Bionator, Herbst, Twin Block, and mandibular anterior repositioning appliance ...
Farias Neto Arcelino - - 2010
The maintenance of masticatory function is especially important for patients wearing complete dentures due to their limitations. Thus, the bilateral balanced occlusal concept is used to achieve greater masticatory efficiency. However, a critical review of the literature reveals that there is not sufficient scientific evidence to support bilateral balanced occlusion ...
Meibodi Shahin Emami - - 2010
Aim: To investigate the effect of a modified tongue crib appliance in Class II Division 1 patients with anterior tongue thrust and mandibular deficiency. Methods: Twenty-three patients (14 females, 9 males) with a mean age of 10.09 +/- 1.02 years, a moderate Class II Division 1 occlusion due to a ...
Das U M - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate cephalometrically the treatment effects of preorthodontic trainer on dentoskeletal components in individuals showing class II division I malocclusion. This study comprised of 50 class II div. I patients (20 test patients and 30 controls) in the age group of 8-12 years. ...
Showkatbakhsh Rahman - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly designed small-sized extraoral appliance on Class III malocclusion and maxillary deficiency in growing patients. The case series included 10 patients (4 males, 6 females) with a mean age of 8.9 +/- 1.72 years who suffered from maxillary ...
Ikegami Tomio - - 2010
This paper describes the Hybrid Orthodontic Treatment System (HOTS), an innovative method used in first premolar extraction cases. It comprises the following three components: (1) a miniscrew, (2) dual-dimension wires, and (3) multiloop edgewise archwires. HOTS consists of four clearly defined treatment steps: (1) setup, (2) leveling, (3) separate but ...
Durmus Bekir - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine whether the postural changes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) affected postural stability. METHOD: A total of 64 patients with a diagnosis of AS and 50 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to a ...
Yazdani Javad - - 2010
AIM: The gonial angle plays an important role in ensuring a harmonious facial profile. Changes in this angle after surgery may be an esthetic concern for both the patient and the surgeon. The aim of the present study was to evaluate gonial angle changes after mandibular setback by the bilateral ...
Kulkarni Gajanan V - - 2010
Clinical management of non-nutritive sucking habits and the resulting dentofacial changes often require multiple appliances to correct, leading to increased treatment time and costs. The aim of this paper was to introduce a single appliance combining a Teflon roller, a slow palatal expander, and a tongue crib appliance that is ...
Gracco Antonio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate volumetric variations in the palate following rapid expansion, both immediately after treatment and over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 30 patients in early mixed dentition treated with a Haas-type device cemented onto the primary second molars. The mean age of the patients upon ...
Mitani Yasushi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The underlying etiology of Class III malocclusion may be associated with cranial base morphology. The aim of this study is to test the efficacy of a Right-Angled Maxillary Protraction Appliance (RAMPA) System in Asian subjects with Class III malocclusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 27 homologous landmarks were digitized from lateral ...
Stansbury Christopher D - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term stability of bilateral sagittal split osteotomies with counterclockwise (closing) rotation of the mandible combined with rigid internal fixation in the correction of anterior open bite deformities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who had completed orthodontic therapy and had at least 1 year ...
Leonardi Rosalia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the amount of perioral tissue changes following the extraction of four premolars in patients with bimaxillary protrusion who had nearly completed active growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify clinical trials that assessed cephalometric perioral soft tissue changes in patients affected by biprotrusion ...
Pandis Nikolaos - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the time required to complete the alignment of crowded maxillary anterior teeth (canine to canine) between Damon MX (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) and In-Ovation R (GAC, Central Islip, NY) self-ligating brackets. METHODS: Seventy patients from the first author's office were included in this randomized controlled ...
Burns Nikia R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue changes in response to camouflage Class III treatment. METHODS: Thirty patients (average age, 12.4 +/- 1.0 years) with skeletal Class III malocclusions who completed comprehensive nonextraction orthodontic treatment were studied. Skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue changes were ...
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