Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1921
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Pandis Nikolaos - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the time required to complete the alignment of crowded maxillary anterior teeth (canine to canine) between Damon MX (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) and In-Ovation R (GAC, Central Islip, NY) self-ligating brackets. METHODS: Seventy patients from the first author's office were included in this randomized controlled ...
Burns Nikia R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue changes in response to camouflage Class III treatment. METHODS: Thirty patients (average age, 12.4 +/- 1.0 years) with skeletal Class III malocclusions who completed comprehensive nonextraction orthodontic treatment were studied. Skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue changes were ...
Maia Nair Galvao - - 2010
Aim: To assess the long-term stability of orthodontic treatment and some factors associated to posttreatment changes. Methods: Six hundred twenty-seven dental casts of 209 patients were examined with the PAR Index at pretreatment (T1), end of treatment (T2), and at long-term follow-up (T3, mean 8.5 years posttreatment). Friedman test and ...
Struble Blair H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we compared the pretreatment conditions, treatment characteristics, and orthodontic outcomes of 3 groups of subjects selected for the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) phase III clinical examination. One group was selected retrospectively by graduating residents just before their graduation. The 2 prospective groups were treated at ...
O'Neill Julian - - 2010
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial. INTERVENTION: Patients in the control group received no treatment, whereas the patient treatment group had a rapid maxillary expander soldered to bands placed on the second deciduous molars or the first permanent molars. Activation of the screw was continued until the palatal cusps ...
Nishio Juntaro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To achieve sufficient velopharyngeal function and maxillary growth for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), the authors have designed a new treatment protocol for palate closure involving early two-stage palatoplasty with modified Furlow veloplasty. Details of the surgical protocol and the outcomes of the dental occlusion of ...
Hamamci Nihal - - 2010
This is a report about the orthodontic treatment of a 13-year, 10-month-old boy with total ankyloglossia combined with a Class III occlusion. The patient's tongue was fixed to the floor of his mouth and could not be elevated at all. He had a maxillary deficiency and a mandibular protrusion with ...
Malta Luciana Abrao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term skeletal and soft tissue changes induced by the bionator in Class II subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The treatment sample consisted of 20 Class II patients (6 males and 14 females) treated consecutively with the bionator. The sample was evaluated at T1, start of treatment; T2, ...
Doshi Umal H - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of spring-loaded and magnetic bite blocks in growing individuals with skeletal open bites. The sample consisted of patients between 8 and 13 years of age randomly divided into two groups. One group was treated with spring-loaded bite blocks while the ...
Saxe Alana K - - 2010
Aim: To examine the efficiency and effectiveness of the SureSmile process using the standards of the American Board of Orthodontists Objective Grading System (ABO OGS). Methods: Three diplomates of the American Board of Orthodontics provided study casts of 62 patients whose orthodontic treatment was consecutively completed. Patients treated using the ...
de Ruiter Ad - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze orthodontic treatment results following mandibular symphysis bone grafting and postoperative orthodontic treatment. DESIGN: Randomized selection of 75 patients out of 308 with unilateral cleft of lip, alveolus, and palate, operated upon according to protocol between 1990 and 2008 in the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands. MAIN ...
Struble Blair H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we compared the pretreatment conditions, treatment characteristics, and orthodontic outcomes of 3 groups of subjects selected for the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) phase III clinical examination. One group was selected retrospectively by graduating residents just before their graduation. The 2 prospective groups were treated at ...
Paiva João Batista de - - 2010
Facial harmony is one of the main goals of orthodontic treatment, and it is not always correlated with the attainment of cephalometric objectives. The purpose of this study was to evaluate two groups of subjects presenting a clinically balanced soft tissue profile using cephalometric radiographs. Thirty lateral cephalometric radiographs of ...
Rodriguez Flores Jos? Maria - - 2010
Functional Orthopaedics, Functionalism and their appliances have as their objective to correct the skeletal dysplasia that underlies many malocclusions, taking advantage of the potential of the stomatognathic system's strength. The range of functional appliances is very extensive and there is a great variety thereof. Basically, functional appliances can be: removable ...
Marsan Gulnaz - - 2010
An adult woman with amelogenesis imperfecta, a skeletal Class III relationship, long face syndrome, and a severe anterior open bite received interdisciplinary treatment (orthodontics, orthognathic surgery, and prosthodontics). Presurgical orthodontic treatment was followed by a maxillary posterior impaction with anterior advancement and a mandibular setback. After surgery, the patient received ...
Ke?ik Defne - - 2010
Mandibular distraction with intraoral curvilinear distractor is an effective procedure for lengthening the mandibular corpus and ramus dimensions. Mandibular distractor is valuable for the treatment of hypoplastic mandible. The aim of this article was to describe the treatment of a patient with hypoplastic and severely retrognathic mandible resulting from isolated ...
Gurel Hakan Gurcan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term changes in maxillary arch widths, overjet, and overbite in patients who were treated with rapid maxillary expansion (RME) followed by edgewise appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The material for the study consisted of study casts taken from 41 patients (19 males, 22 females) on four different ...
Kumari Meena - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the vertical facial and dental arch dimensional changes occurring with extraction and nonextraction orthodontic treatments. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi during the period 2003 to 2005. METHODOLOGY: Data were collected using records of patients who visited ...
Doyle Tracy L - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of vital primary molar pulpotomy when there is no direct contact between eugenol and the vital pulp. Four pulpotomy techniques were compared: (1) ferric sulfate (FS) pulpotomy; (2) eugenol-free FS pulpotomy; (3) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy; and (4) ...
Derech Carla D'Agostini - - 2010
Aim: To assess the relationship between palatal height and width on plaster casts from 33 growing individuals with Class II Division 1 relationships who received orthodontic treatment without extraction. Methods: The palatal contours in the permanent canine and first molar regions were registered with a digital pantograph before treatment (T1), ...
Burns Nikia R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue changes in response to camouflage Class III treatment. METHODS: Thirty patients (average age, 12.4 + or - 1.0 years) with skeletal Class III malocclusions who completed comprehensive nonextraction orthodontic treatment were studied. Skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue ...
Chen Mu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) during fixed orthodontic appliance therapy in Chinese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred fifty Chinese orthodontic patients completed six distinct intervals of the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14, Chinese version): before treatment (T0); after the placement of the fixed ...
Wu Zhong Xing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Anterior segmental osteotomy has become an established surgical technique to achieve functional occlusion and improve the facial profile in the treatment of maxillary protrusion. Postoperative nasal changes, however, are somewhat unpredictable. The here presented subapical anterior maxillary segmental osteotomy has been developed to avoid such unintended nasal changes. PATIENTS ...
King Gregory J - - 2010
In this retrospective cohort study of the effectiveness of interceptive orthodontic treatment, we compared patients receiving interceptive orthodontic treatment with untreated control subjects. Models were scored by using the index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON). Control models (n = 113) were archival and were selected based on malocclusion in ...
Crismani Adriano G - - 2010
A systematic review of effects related to patient, screw, surgery, and loading on the stability of miniscrews was conducted. Reports of clinical trials published before September 2007 with at least 30 miniscrews were reviewed. Parameters examined were patient sex and age, location and method of screw placement, screw length and ...
Talesh Koroush Taheri - - 2010
Aim: Relapse is an important issue of concern following operations for mandibular setback. Decreasing the immobilization (IMF) period may play a role in this regard. Usual IMF period ranges from 1 to 2 months. We aimed to assess relapse following a 1-week IMF period. Materials and methods: This study aimed ...
Torii Kengo - - 2010
Many researchers have not accepted the use of occlusal treatments for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, a recent report described a discrepancy between the habitual occlusal position (HOP) and the bite plate-induced occlusal position (BPOP) and discussed the relation of this discrepancy to TMD. Therefore, the treatment outcome of evidence-based occlusal ...
Baccetti Tiziano - - 2010
To evaluate the outcomes of functional jaw orthopedics (FJO) followed by fixed appliances in Class II patients showing cephalometric signs predictive of unfavorable responsiveness to orthopedic treatment. A total of 48 treated subjects (20 males, 28 females) with unfavorable Class II malocclusions were treated with FJO at the adolescent growth ...
Austin David F - - 2010
To present a treatment protocol for improved stability with Herbst appliance treatment in Class II adult cases. Sixteen Class II adults were treated at the University of Hong Kong with two phase treatment. The treatment protocol which leads to good stability was presented. The protocol leading to stable correction of ...
Celli Daniel - - 2010
To assess mandibular growth and response to functional appliance treatment in different Petrovic's auxologic categories and to investigate diagnostic and prognostic usefulness of the Lavergne-Petrovic's flow diagram. Eighteen patients with class II malocclusion (ANB>/=4 degrees , dental class II) were selected and divided into 4 groups according to the auxologic ...
Raymond Jean-Louis - - 2010
Patients with a Class III malocclusion generally present with a counterclockwise inclination of the occlusal plane, converging with Camper's line towards the front. This slope has an effect on mandibular movement (forward posture) and on chewing mechanisms in general. As dysfunctional mastication is likely to influence facial growth and inter-arch ...
Ueki Koichiro - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the mandibular canal and ramus morphology before and after a sagittal split ramus osteotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 30 patients (60 sides) with mandibular prognathism who had undergone bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy setback surgery. The mandibular ...
Kenrad Jacob - - 2011
The purpose of the present retrospective study was to analyze treatment choice and outcome in patients with retention/impaction of the mandibular second molar. Radiographic material, from three large clinics, from 106 patients (60 males and 46 females) with 126 retained/impacted permanent mandibular second molars treated during the years 1985-2005 was ...
Kim Su-Kwon - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to measure the anteroinferior changes and the degree of vertical changes to facilitate the prediction of treatment outcome in patients undergoing genioplasty only, genioplasty with bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO), genioplasty, or BSSRO and Lefort I osteotomy. Serial cephalometry was performed on 25 ...
Wedrychowska-Szulc Barbara - - 2010
The aim of the investigation was to compare overall and anterior Bolton ratios in different malocclusion groups with Bolton's standards. The material comprised 600 pre-treatment study casts (262 males and 338 females, aged 12-25 years), selected from the models of 3088 patients who had applied for orthodontic treatment based on ...
Sari Emel - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of young adults with maxillary constriction during tooth- and bone-borne expansion. Thirty patients, 15 females and 15 males, with a mean age of 17.3 +/- 2.8 years were divided into three groups. Group ...
Hsu Yu-Chun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of correction for square jaw with low angle using mandibular "V-line" ostectomy combined with outer cortex ostectomy. STUDY DESIGN: From July 2005 to November 2007, 31 patients who had square faces with low angles were treated with ...
Stivaros N - - 2010
The aim of this trial was to evaluate whether a Nance or Goshgarian palatal arch was most effective for prevention of mesial drift, distal tipping, prevention of mesio-palatal rotation of the upper first permanent molars, and patient comfort and ease of removal. Patients were recruited from a district general hospital ...
Durmus Muzaffer - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess 3-dimensional reconstruction of cranial defects by use of bifocal bidirectional transport distraction osteogenesis (BBTDO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 8 sheep, divided into a control group (n = 3) and treatment group (n = 5). Full-thickness cranial defects ...
Feiyun Ping - - 2010
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the simultaneous correction of bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis with mandibular micrognathia using internal distraction osteogenesis (DO) with the help of a 3-dimensional craniomaxillofacial model technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients (age 18 to 43 years) with bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis and mandibular ...
Flores-Mir Carlos - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine the short-term skeletal and dental effects of the Xbow appliance when compared with an equivalent untreated control group as measured on lateral cephalograms. METHODS: A prospective sample of 69 consecutive Class II patients treated with only the Xbow appliance was compared with 30 historical ...
Al-Salehi Samira K - - 2009
A 26-year-old male patient presented with generalised gingival recession related to the margins of crowns fitted between the ages of 12 and 15 years. The patient, previously treated for Amelogenesis Imperfecta, suffered a mandibular fracture at the age of 22 years. He had an anterior open bite and in the ...
Flores Roberto L - - 2009
The authors assessed the safety and efficacy of a novel cleft rhinoplasty procedure that combines an open rhinoplasty with the Dibbell and Tajima techniques. A single-surgeon, 10-year, retrospective review was conducted of all unilateral cleft lip rhinoplasties (n = 157). Nonsyndromic patients undergoing a combined open incision/Dibbell/Tajima procedure and who ...
de Almeida-Pedrin Renata Rodrigues - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this retrospective study, we compared the cephalometric effects, the dental-arch changes, and the efficiency of Class II treatment with the pendulum appliance, cervical headgear, or extraction of 2 maxillary premolars, all associated with fixed appliance therapy. METHODS: The sample of 82 patients with Class II malocclusion was divided ...
Al-Thunyan Abdulla M - - 2009
Ambulatory cleft lip repair has been practiced in developed countries, but its safety has never been examined in developing countries. This study compares the outcomes of ambulatory cleft lip repair with the inpatient setting. A retrospective cohort study of 122 patients who underwent repair between 2000 and 2008 was conducted. ...
Hirai Shinya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to report the kinetics of masticatory muscles using a 4-dimensional muscle model and kinetically investigate the etiology of square mandible (SQM) in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: To ascertain the mandibular movements in patients with SQM, we compared a group of 11 SQM patients with painless limited mouth ...
KonaƟ Ersoy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to develop an internal distractor to release a drug to the distraction site during the distraction process and to investigate whether intermittent bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)-containing chitosan hydrogel infusion will improve radiologic and histologic parameters of distraction osteogenesis (DO) when compared with ...
Nedeljkovi? Nenad - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Sagittal mandible deficiency is the most common cause of skeletal Class II malocclusion. Treatment objective is to stimulate sagittal mandible growth. Fixed functional Herbst appliance use is beneficial for shortening the time required for treatment and does not depend on patient compliance. CASE OUTLINE: A 13-year-old girl was referred ...
Ow Andrew - - 2009
PURPOSE: To provide an evidence-based review comparing the skeletal stability and complications of bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSOs) and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) in the treatment of mandibular hypoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Medline search from January 1957 to December 2007 was performed wherein articles were retrieved on the basis ...
Song Seung Yong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Craniofacial deformities (CFDs) frequently accompany midfacial hypoplasia. The authors evaluated characteristics of maxillary sinuses that had CFDs with variable degrees of midfacial hypoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with chart review. SETTING: Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. SUBJECTS ...
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