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Uzuner Fatma Deniz FD a Specialist, Department of Orthodontics, Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of different bracket types on the levels of Streptococcus mutans (SM) and Lactobacillus (LB) in saliva, in plaque, and on the periodontal condition. Materials and Methods: Forty patients aged 14 to 16 years, who had Angle Class I malocclusion with minimal crowding, were nonsmokers, were without ...
Morgan C Ll CL Global Epidemiology, Pharmatelligence, Cardiff, - - 2014
To evaluate the risk of all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) for patients exposed to first-line monotherapy with sulfonylurea or metformin. Data were from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). Patients with type 2 diabetes were selected if initiated with metformin or sulfonylurea monotherapy as their first-line glucose-lowering ...
Vikholm Per P Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker of heart failure and has been found to predict mortality and morbidity after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative NT-proBNP can predict postoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class and hospital readmission in addition ...
Akcalı A A Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ege University, İzmir, - - 2014
To test whether or not vascularized interpositional periosteal-connective tissue grafts are as successful as free subepithelial connective tissue grafts in augmenting volume defects in the anterior maxilla. Twenty subjects with Seibert class 1 ridge defects in the anterior maxilla were randomly, equally assigned to augmentation by vascularized interpositional periosteal-connective tissue ...
Zucchelli G G Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Bologna University, - - 2014
Primary aim of this study was to evaluate if patient morbidity was improved by diminishing graft thickness and height; secondary objective was to evaluate if such graft modifications influence root coverage and esthetic outcomes. 60 Miller class I and II gingival recessions (GR) (≥ 3mm in depth) were treated with ...
Fuku Yasushi Y Department of Cardiology, Kurashiki Central - - 2014
Background: Few data exist on the results of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) via the transfemoral approach in small slightly built Japanese patients with severe aortic stenosis who are ineligible or at high-risk for conventional surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Therefore, the purpose was to investigate the early outcomes of TAVI ...
Reiffel James A JA Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
Warfarin has a proven record as an oral anticoagulant; almost every study, however, has found that it is not prescribed for 40-60% of patients who are eligible and should receive it, and of those who do receive it, serum warfarin levels only achieved a time in therapeutic range (TTR) equal ...
Cassidy Sara E SE Private practice, Seattle, Wash. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with Class II subdivision malocclusions are a challenge for clinicians because reestablishing symmetry in 1 arch or both arches is often a treatment goal. In patients with mandibular skeletal asymmetry, surgery is often a treatment option. However, patients may be unwilling to undergo surgery, and other options might have ...
Namaki S S Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nihon University School of Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether mandibular setback by sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) influences swallowing function. The subjects were 14 patients with skeletal class III malocclusions who underwent setback surgery by SSRO. Morphological changes were studied on cephalograms, and swallowing function was evaluated by videofluorography before ...
Ohnmeiß Maren - - 2014
Interactions between the cervical spine and the stomatognathic system have been discussed in literature. The present study was conducted to investigate whether, and to what extent, orthodontically induced mandibular advancement produces changes in cervical spine posture. Furthermore, possible appliance-specific effects should be distinguished. The cephalograms of 64 patients with skeletal ...
Martin Robin R Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Previously reported complications in medial opening wedge (MOW) high tibial osteotomy (HTO) vary considerably in both rate and severity. PURPOSE:(1) To determine the rates of adverse events in MOW HTO classified into different grades of severity based on the treatments required and (2) to compare patient-reported outcomes between the different ...
Efendiyeva Ruchengiz R a Research Assistant, Department of Orthodontics, University of Ankara, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: (1) To determine the effect of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery on pharyngeal airway, hyoid bone, and craniocervical posture in Class III bimaxillary surgery patients. (2) To evaluate short-term and long-term results. (3) To compare short- and long-term values. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six Class III adult patients treated with bimaxillary ...
Pozzoli Alberto A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, San Raffaele University Hospital, Milan, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the mid-term clinical and functional outcomes of maze surgery in symptomatic refractory lone atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Between March 2008 and January 2013, 39 highly symptomatic patients [mean age 51 ± 10 (mean ± standard deviation); 95% CI, European Heart Rhythm Association ...
Blockhaus M M Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital, Pleicherwall 2, 97070, Würzburg, - - 2014
The goal of the following study was to quantify facial soft-tissue asymmetry in patients with pronounced skeletal malocclusion anomalies before and after orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery. In addition, the facial attractiveness of these patients was rated by dental specialists and laypersons both before and after treatment based on ...
Kim Sung-Jin SJ Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, South - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate dentoalveolar compensation in untreated skeletal Class III patients with either positive or negative overjet. The positive overjet groups consisted of 104 adults, divided into group 1 (angle between sella-nasion to mandibular plane (SN-MP) > 38°, n = 30), group 2 (30° < SN-MP < 38°, n = 43), and ...
Arriola-Guillén Luis Ernesto LE Associate professor, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Científica del Sur and University of San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this research was to compare maxillary and mandibular molar heights and incisor inclinations in patients with skeletal open-bite Class II, patients with skeletal open-bite Class III, and an untreated control group. Pretreatment lateral cephalograms of 70 orthodontic patients (34 men, 36 women) between 16 and 40 years ...
Cai Bin B Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
An 8-year-old girl with a skeletal Class III malocclusion was treated in 2 phases. Maxillary expansion and protraction were carried out as the early intervention. However, her maxillary hypoplasia and mandibular hyperplasia deteriorated with age. The phase 2 comprehensive treatment began with proper mechanics when she was 12 years old ...
Skaat Alon A The Sam Rothberg Glaucoma Center, Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Hashomer, - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of CO2 laser-assisted deep sclerectomy surgery (CLASS) in patients with open angle glaucoma. A prospective single-arm, nonrandomized clinical investigation for the evaluation of technology. Fifteen eyes of 15 consecutive patients diagnosed with either primary open angle glaucoma or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma who were the candidates ...
Wilbring Manuel M Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Heart Center Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
The presence of concomitant mitral (MR) or tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common issue in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objective was (i) to analyse the outcomes of patients with concomitant moderate or more severe MR, (ii) to compare the outcomes with those of TAVI-patients without concomitant ...
Luçon Adrien A From the Service de Cardiologie (A.L., M.B., D.B., H.L.B.), Service de Pharmacologie Clinique (E.O.), and Service de Chirurgie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire (J.P.V., A.L.), CHU Rennes, Rennes, France; Département de Pharmacologie, Clinique et Expérimentale, Faculté de Médecine (E.O.) and LTSI (J.P.V., H.L.B.), Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France; INSERM 0203, Centres d'Investigation Clinique, Rennes, France (E.O.); INSERM, U642, Rennes, France (J.P.V., H.L.B.); CHU Rouen, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, INSERM Unité 1096, Rouen, France (H.E.); CHU Bichat, Paris, France (B.I.); CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France (M.L.); CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France (P.L.); and CHU Brest, Brest, France - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis. The aim of this multicenter study was to describe clinical outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The FRANCE 2 registry included all patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation in France in 2010 and 2011. Patients were ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with single ventricle physiology and an interrupted inferior caval vein undergo the Kawashima procedure. With increasing follow-up, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations may develop requiring hepatocardiac venous redirection. Between January 2005 and December 2012, 15 patients underwent the Kawashima procedure. Preoperative and postoperative characteristics along with functional class, intra-operative details, post-operative ...
Basques Bryce A BA 1Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective cohort.Objective. To identify factors that were independently associated with increased postoperative length of stay (LOS) and readmission in patients who underwent elective laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).Summary of Background Data. LSS is a common pathology that is traditionally treated with decompressive laminectomy. Risk factors associated with ...
Fernández Sanromán Jacinto J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Head: Dr. J. Fernández Sanromán), Povisa Hospital, Vigo, PO, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the possible morphologic changes in the nose after subnasal modified Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy to correct class III dentofacial deformities in patients with considered normal nasal morphology. Fifteen patients (7 males, 8 females) requiring maxillary advancement to treat class III dentofacial deformities were studied prospectively between January ...
de Meester Christophe C Pôle de Recherche Cardiovasculaire, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Université catholique de Louvain; Brussels, Belgium; Division of Cardiology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, - - 2014
For patients with aortic regurgitation (AR), aortic valve (AV) repair represents an attractive alternative to AV replacement (AVR), because it does not expose patients to the risk of prosthetic valve complications. Although the durability of AV repair has been documented, its prognosis has not yet been compared with prognosis of ...
Hanatani Shinsuke S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical - - 2014
Background: Thrombospondin-2 (TSP-2) is a matricellular protein found in human serum. Deletion of TSP-2 causes age-dependent dilated cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that TSP-2 is a useful biomarker in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods and Results: Serum TSP-2 was measured in 101 patients with HFrEF, and mortality and cardiovascular ...
Farzi Farnoush F Deaprtment of Anesthesiology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2014
A common and useful approach to pain management is administration of neuraxial opioids. Whether addition of fentanyl or meperidine to lidocaine and epinephrine for spinal anesthesia in elective cesarean delivery has any effects on duration of postoperative pain. This was a clinical trial, conducted on 195 pregnant women candidates for ...
Chui Jason J Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Both propofol and volatile anesthetics are commonly used for maintenance of anesthesia in patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures. The effects of these two classes of drugs on cerebral hemodynamics have been compared in many clinical trials The objectives of this review were to evaluate the cerebral hemodynamic effects, operative conditions, recovery ...
Taramasso Maurizio M Cardiac Surgery Department, San Raffaele University Hospital, Milan, - - 2014
Aims: The aim of this study was to report medium-term outcomes of MitraClip implantation in inoperable or high-risk surgical candidates with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in our single-centre experience. Methods and results: From October 2008, 109 consecutive patients with FMR underwent MitraClip implantation (mean age 69±9 years; 82% NYHA Class ...
Veselka Josef J Department of Cardiology, 2nd Medical School, Charles University, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech - - 2014
We decided to determine the long-term survival of patients after alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and compare this with the general population. A total of 178 highly symptomatic, consecutive patients (58 ± 12 years, 53% women) were treated by ASA between April 1998 and April 2013 ...
Chen Ying-Wei YW Department of Cardiology, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Symptomatic prolonged sinus pauses on termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) are an accepted indication for pacemaker implantation. We evaluated the outcome of AF ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF-related tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome and compared the efficacy of catheter ablation with permanent pacing plus antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs). Patients with prolonged symptomatic sinus ...
Lee Hsiu-Fen HF 1Department of Pediatrics, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
The authors undertook long-term neurologic outcomes of 27 patients aged 0 to 15 years with enterovirus 71-related acute flaccid paralysis from June 1998 to July 2012. Motor function outcome was graded from class I (complete recovery) to class V (permanent paralytic limbs). Twelve of 20 patients (60%) who received intravenous ...
Elhmidi Yacine Y Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Objectives: To identify predictors of mortality, functional status and hemodynamical changes of patients undergoing TAVI for low flow/low gradient AS (LF/LG AS). Background: There is little published data regarding the outcomes of patients with LF/LG AS following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: Sixty-eight patients with severe AS, left ventricular ...
Kim Min-Ah MA Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the pharyngeal airway volume change after bimaxillary surgery in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and evaluate the difference in postoperative pharyngeal airway space between upper premolar extraction cases and nonextraction cases. Cone-beam computed tomographic scans were obtained for 23 patients (13 ...
Sar Cağla C Assistant professor, Department of Orthodontics, Başkent University, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this clinical study was to investigate the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft-tissue effects of 2 skeletal anchorage rationales for Class III treatment compared with an untreated Class III control group. Fifty-one subjects who were in the prepubertal or pubertal growth period were included in the study. In group ...
Deo Vikas - - 2014
Objective: Connective tissue grafts (CTGs) have been used as a barrier for closing mandibular Class II furcation defects. The present study compared long-term (48 months) effectiveness of CTG as a barrier with bioresorbable collagen membrane in the treatment of mandibular Class II furcation defects in humans. Method and Materials: Twenty ...
Lawrance Christopher P CP Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
The majority of patients undergoing surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) worldwide receive a concomitant mitral valve (MV) procedure. This study compared outcomes of the Cox-Maze IV (CMIV) in patients with lone AF to those with AF and MV disease. A retrospective review of 335 patients receiving either a stand-alone ...
Huang Xinsheng X Cardiac Surgery Department, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to review our experience with modified De Vega tricuspid annuloplasty versus ring annuloplasty for treating functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). In all, 448 consecutive patients undergoing tricuspid annuloplasty with concomitant procedures between 2000 and 2012 were included. Modified De Vega annuloplasty was performed in 216 ...
Bozdag-Turan Ilkay I Heart Center Rostock, University Hospital Rostock, Ernst-Heydemann-Str. 6, 18057, Rostock, - - 2013
Edge-to-edge repair of mitral regurgitation (MR) with the MitraClip(®) (MC) system is increasingly applied in advanced heart failure. Our objective was to compare outcomes in patients with mild-moderate and severe systolic heart failure. Between February 2010 and July 2012, 121 patients with MR of at least grade 3+ and a ...
Diaz Andres A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2013
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was if thymectomy in non-thymomatous myasthenia gravis was of any benefit? Overall, 137 papers were found using the reported search, of which 16 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The ...
Salhi Leila L Faculty of Medicine, Department of Periodontology and Oral Surgery, University of Liege, Liege, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare two different periodontal plastic surgery procedures to treat Miller's class I recession: a coronally advanced flap (control group) versus the pouch technique (test group), both of which were associated with connective tissue graft. Forty consecutive patients were included, with 20 patients being ...
Liu Ruiyu - - 2013
Limb-length discrepancy (LLD) arising from hip subluxation or dislocation and accompanied by insufficiency of hip abductor in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can be corrected partially or completely with total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, information about post-THA changes in abductor strength related to preoperative LLD in patients ...
Choi Ho-Rim HR The Harris Orthopedic Laboratory and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
We report the medium-term mortality after septic versus aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and factors that can contribute to mortality in revision TKA. Mortality rates of 88 patients undergoing septic revision (septic group) were compared with age- and year of surgery-matched 88 patients of aseptic revision (aseptic group). The ...
Komatsu Ryu - - 2013
Because etomidate impairs adrenal function and blunts the cortisol release associated with surgical stimulus, we hypothesized that patients induced with etomidate suffer greater mortality and morbidity than comparable patients induced with propofol. We evaluated the electronic records of 31,148 ASA physical status III and IV patients who had noncardiac surgery ...
Lecornu Megan - - 2013
The aims of this study were to analyze 3-dimensional skeletal changes in subjects with Class II malocclusion treated with the Herbst appliance and to compare these changes with treated Class II controls using 3-dimensional superimposition techniques. Seven consecutive Herbst patients and 7 Class II controls treated with Class II elastics ...
Reddy Boggula Rama Mohan BR Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College , Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2013
Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is the study on edpidermal ridges on the palmar and plantar surfaces of the feet and hand. Embryological development of orodental structures and these dermal patterns occur during the same period. The environmentally influenced genetic predisposition is found in different types of malocclusions. This malocclusion should also exhibit ...
Park Heon-Mook - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the differences in the amount and pattern of the maxillary incisor (MXI) inclination change in skeletal Class III patients treated with extraction of the maxillary first premolars (MXP1) and two-jaw surgery (TJS) between conventional orthognathic surgery (COS) and surgery-first approach (SFA). Materials and Methods: The study included ...
Kimura Naoyuki N Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Penn classification, a risk assessment system for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD), is based on preoperative ischemic conditions. We investigated whether Penn classes predict outcomes after surgery for AAAD. Three hundred fifty-one patients with DeBakey type I AAAD treated surgically, January 1997 to January 2011, were divided into ...
Singh Jasvinder A - - 2013
Objective: To study the time-trends in socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: We used the Mayo Clinic Total Joint Registry to examine the time-trends in patient demographics (body mass index [BMI], age), underlying diagnosis, medical (Deyo-Charlson index) and psychological comorbidity (anxiety, depression) and ...
de Groot Nicolette L - - 2013
Background and study aims: This study aimed to reassess whether the Forrest classification is still useful for the prediction of rebleeding and mortality in peptic ulcer bleedings and, based on this, whether the classification could be simplified. Patients and methods: Prospective registry data on peptic ulcer bleedings were collected and ...
Qadri Syed S A - - 2013
Thoracoscore is incorporated in the new British Thoracic Society and National Institute of Health and clinical Excellence guidelines to evaluate the operative mortality risk of patients undergoing thoracic surgery. This study examines the accuracy of Thoracoscore in predicting postoperative mortality in patients undergoing pneumonectomy. All patients who underwent pneumonectomy from ...
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