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Results 301 - 350 of 1432
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Moresca Ricardo Cesar - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of active and passive lacebacks on antero-posterior position of maxillary first molars and central incisors during leveling phase. Twenty-three subjects with Class I and Class II malocclusion were treated with first premolars extraction using preadjusted appliances (MBT 0.022-inch brackets). The ...
Ojetti Veronica - - 2012
Introduction. Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy has the potential burden of antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal (GI) side effects. The occurrence of side effects is among the major drawbacks of such regimens. GI manifestations may be related to alterations in the intestinal microflora. Probiotics can prevent or reduce antibiotic-associated side effects and have an ...
Kao Sung-Shuo - - 2012
Background. Ten-day concomitant therapy achieves a high eradication rate in Taiwan. Whether shortening the duration of concomitant therapy can still keep a high eradication rate remains unclear. Aim. To assess the eradication rate of 7-day pantoprazole-containing concomitant therapy in Taiwan and to investigate factors influencing the eradication outcome. Methods. From ...
Fleming Padhraig S - - 2012
DesignRandomised controlled trial.InterventionPatients between 8-13 years of age with either unilateral or bilateral PDC diagnosed on radiograph with the presence of mild crowding at the maxillary arch and/or molar relation showing Class II tendency were included. The head gear group (HG) used cervical pull headgear alone for one year for ...
Nikfarjam Mehrdad - - 2012
Delayed gastric emptying is a major cause of morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy. The impact of a Braun enteroenterostomy on delayed gastric emptying, used in reconstruction following classic pancreaticoduodenectomy, was assessed. Forty-four consecutive patients undergoing non-pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy from 2009 to 2011 by a single surgeon were included in this study. The ...
Shirakabe Akihiro - - 2012
The relationship between the short-term prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) and acute kidney injury (AKI) using the risk, injury, failure, and end stage (RIFLE) criteria has already been reported, however, the relationship between the long-term prognosis and AKI has not. We investigated the relationship between the long-term prognosis after ...
Dore Maria Pina - - 2012
The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a ciprofloxacin-based regimen for H. pylori eradication failures as an alternative to bismuth based quadruple therapy. Methods. Design: prospective single-center study. Patients in whom a first eradication trial with omeprazole/esomeprazole, clarithromycin plus amoxicillin or tinidazole/metronidazole had failed ...
Gisbert Javier P - - 2012
Traditional standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection (proton pump inhibitor-clarithromycin-amoxicillin) can easily be converted to non-bismuth quadruple (concomitant) therapy by the addition of a nitroimidazole twice daily. To critically review evidence on the role of non-bismuth quadruple therapy (proton pump inhibitor-clarithromycin-amoxicillin-nitroimidazole) in the treatment of H. pylori ...
Kulkarni Narayan - - 2012
It has been proved that lip prints are analogous to thumb prints. A correlation between thumb prints and sagittal dental malocclusion has already been established. Soft tissue is gaining more importance in judgement of deformity or identity of a patient. To find a correlation between sagittal skeletal jaw relation and ...
Matsuda Kotaro - - 2012
We report the case of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who showed a reduction in disease severity (from class IV to class II) after multi-joint surgery. The patient was a 61-year-old man with a history of RA, type-2 diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and nephrotic syndrome. He had been ...
Oertel Frank - - 2012
Mitral Valve Repair (MVRP) has been shown to be significantly superior to Mitral Valve Replacement (MVR). Since the majority of repairs involve the Posterior Mitral Leaflet (PML) and not the Anterior Mitral Leaflet (AML), the monocuspidalisation of the Mitral Valve (MV) can be achieved with a bio-posterior leaflet that imitates ...
Hessami Mohammad Ali - - 2012
Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the common problems after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The current study aimed to compare Dexamethasone effect with that of Granisetron in prevention of PONV. In the current study 104 patients aged 20-60 with ASA class I or II who were candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy ...
Thygesen Julie Bjerre JB Department of Internal Medicine, Regionshospitalet Silkeborg, Silkeborg, - - 2012
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, known as baker's yeast, is normally considered a non-pathogenic yeast. A genetically very similar subtype, S boulardii, is used in a probioticum (Sacchaflor) to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea. The authors present a case report of a 79-year-old woman with ...
Seven Gülseren - - 2011
Background/aims: Owing to its high efficacy, ease of use, perfect adaptation and low complication profile, it is suggested that the triple therapy combination consisting of levofloxacin, amoxicillin and proton pump inhibitor may be an alternative for the first-line and second-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study is ...
Saha S K - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori eradication is the mainstay in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori associated peptic ulcer disease. Furazolidone was tried in several developing countries and showed good results in some trials. Increasing the duration of treatment has been shown to improve the eradication rate. This study was done to compare the ...
Taniyama K - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a major cause of gastric ulcers (GU) and eradication of the infection controls the ulcer with no requirement for maintenance therapy. In Japan, an evidence-based guideline (GL) was first published in 2003 (1(st) version) and then again in 2007 (2(nd) version) with a minor ...
Zhou Ying-Qun - - 2012
Objective. Antimicrobial resistance has decreased eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori infection worldwide. To observe the effect of eradicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and the treatment of duodenal ulcer by 2 kinds of modified sequential therapy through comparing with that of 10-day standard triple therapy. Methods. A total of 210 patients ...
Kudat Hasan - - 2012
The objective of this study is to confirm whether there is relation between the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) locus and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) holds in our patient population and whether it can be useful as a prognostic factor. We examined the HLA phenotypes in 46 consecutive patients ...
Saklani A P - - 2011
Aim  The results including function and quality of life (QOL) of restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) performed in children and adolescents with ulcerative colitis (UC), familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and idiopathic megarectum were determined. Method  Twenty-one patients of a median age of 15 (10-17) years underwent RPC between 1995 and 2006. The indication, ...
Neupane S - - 2011
Onychomycosis is a chronic mycotic infection of finger and toe nails that affects the quality of life in a significant proportion. The study was aimed to identify the clinical patterns and etiological agents of onychomycosis. The study population comprised of the suspected cases of onychomycosis, attending the outpatients department of ...
Park Hyun Kyung - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of dual therapy consisting of esomeprazole and amoxicillin as a rescue therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection. From December 2009 to August 2010, 21 patients who experienced two consecutive eradication failures were included. They received esomeprazole (40 mg, b.i.d.) ...
Meibodi Shahin Emami - - 2011
Studies have documented that deviations in skeletal components such as the cranial base, the mid-facial complex and the mandible may be associated with morphological factors in patients with class III skeletal malocclusion. Furthermore, deviations in head and neck posture may be associated with the class III skeletal malocclusion. The purpose ...
Lakshminarayan Kamakshi - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to track mortality and rehospitalizations over 5 years poststroke in a stroke cohort (SC) and compare long-term risks of complications to a matched nonstroke cohort (NSC). A cohort design with a matched NSC comparison was used. The SC constituted a validated database of acute ...
Andersson T - - 2011
Aim  The study aimed to evaluate long-term health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional outcome in patients who had undergone restorative proctocolectomy with ileo-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. Method  A total of 156 patients who underwent IPAA during the period 1984-2003 and who still had ...
Abbes Orabi N - - 2011
Aim  This study aimed to assess long-term function after total perineal reconstruction (TPR) with dynamic graciloplasty (DG) and systematic Malone appendicostomy (MA) adjunction after abdominoperineal excision (APR) for rectal cancer. Method  From 1999 to 2004, TPR using DG and MA was performed in 10 patients [seven women; median age 40 (range ...
Polat Zulfikar - - 2012
There is an important concern about the success of standard triple treatment for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in recent years. Better eradication rates have been reported with sequential treatment in current studies. This study aimed to compare the success of a novel levofloxacin-containing sequential regimen with standard triple therapy. H. ...
Lapar Damien J - - 2011
Disparities in health care have been reported among various patient populations, and the uninsured and Medicaid populations are a major focus of current health care reform. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of primary payer status on outcomes after cardiac valve operations in the United States. ...
de Quadros Alexandre S - - 2011
Background: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) are associated with quality of life (QoL) and health status improvements in stable angina patients. There are few studies assessing the magnitude of this effect and its predictors in contemporary daily practice. Methods: Prospective cohort study with stable angina patients submitted to PCI in a ...
Liu Xue-Kui - - 2011
Our aim in this study was to investigate the value of the submandibular salivary gland transfer procedure in prevention of radiation-induced xerostomia in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In all, there were 70 patients, consisting of a test group (36 patients) and a control group (34 patients) in a nonrandomized ...
Schroeder Josh E - - 2011
Study design: A retrospective case series of patients with myelomeningocele (MMC) who underwent kyphectomy and posterior segmental fixation using Luque rods and 16-gauge wires.Objective: To assess outcomes after posterior kyphectomy and segmental fixation for kyphosis in patients with MMC.Methods: Thirteen consecutive patients who underwent posterior kyphectomy for transforaminal fixation contiguous ...
Lauchlan D T - - 2011
Patients commonly develop shoulder disability and reduction in quality of life (QOL) following neck dissection surgery. There is a lack of studies investigating the impact of preventative rehabilitation to prevent shoulder disability in this population. An exploratory trial was undertaken to investigate this gap in the head and neck cancer ...
Hong Michael S - - 2011
In this study, we sought to analyze emerging national trends in the treatment of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease and associated outcomes. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried between 2001 and 2007. Patients diagnosed with lower extremity atherosclerosis were selected by using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes ...
So-Osman Cynthia - - 2011
Lower limb joint replacement surgery provides a considerable improvement in quality of life (QoL), but is associated with peroperative blood loss and with anemia in the direct postoperative period. General acceptance of low transfusion thresholds and shorter postoperative hospital stays will result in patients leaving hospital with low hemoglobin (Hb) ...
Bharwani Sulaiman S - - 2011
A 14-month-old girl presented with the recurring bouts of vomiting and diarrhoea and failure to thrive. At 7 months of age, the baby was found to be exclusively breast fed and her blood tests revealed low calcium, low phosphorous and markedly elevated alkaline phosphatase. She was started on vitamin D ...
Safaei Nasser - - 2011
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia which represents a major public health problem. The main purpose of this research is to evaluate the Radiofrequency (RF) ablation effects in the patients with chronic AF scheduled for cardiac surgery because of different heart diseases. The descriptive and prospective study ...
Kiphuth Ines C - - 2010
Decompressive surgery for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction increases the number of surviving patients; this, however, leaves some patients severely disabled. This study analyzed the patients' retrospective consent to hemicraniectomy in light of the experienced functional outcome 12 months after hospital stay. This retrospective study included all patients who underwent ...
Wang W-W - - 2010
The study investigated the psychosexual status and sexual function in adults who had hypospadias surgery at different ages. A detailed questionnaire was mailed to 130 patients who underwent hypospadias surgery between January 1988 and December 2007, and 50 healthy males who served as the control group. The patients were divided ...
Budd Henry R - - 2011
Retrospective Cohort. There is currently no validated patient reported outcome measure (PROM) for Dupuytren's disease. We have performed a retrospective analysis of QuickDASH scores taken before and after surgery for Dupuytren's disease to assess the validity and responsiveness of the QuickDASH and evaluate its suitability to being a PROM for ...
O'Connell Matthew D L - - 2011
Short-term testosterone (T) treatment in frail elderly men improves muscle mass and strength. It is unclear whether these effects can be maintained post treatment. To assess the durability of androgen effects in frail men. Single center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the effects of 6 months T (25-75 mg ...
Bekeredjian Raffi - - 2010
Older patients with aortic stenosis cannot always be offered conventional surgical aortic valve replacement at an acceptable risk. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is currently considered an alternative treatment option with lower periprocedural risks. However, its effect on post-TAVI quality of life and clinical improvement has not been systematically and ...
Naldini G - - 2010
Constipation is common and a selection of the best treatment is difficult, especially for slow-transit constipation (STC). The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sacral nerve modulation (SNM) on STC. A retrospective analysis of patients with STC, treated with SNM was undertaken. All were evaluated by ...
Strieper Margaret - - 2010
Ablation has become first-line therapy for managing many pediatric patients with atrioventicular accessory pathway or atrioventricular nodal-mediated supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Studies to date have all focused on elimination of the SVT substrate; yet, there are no studies to document whether this results in improved quality of life (QoL) scores. The ...
Vaknin Zvi - - 2010
Evaluation of surgical outcomes, including quality of life, in patients with endometrial cancer in the early phase of implementation of a robotic surgery program, comparing elderly with younger patients. Prospective evaluation of perioperative data and a postoperative quality-of-life survey of the first 100 robotic surgeries for endometrial cancer performed in ...
Carlsson Eva - - 2010
Rectal cancer is the most common reason for a person to undergo ostomy surgery. The aim of this study was to assess concerns and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before surgery and during the first 6 months following ostomy surgery in the presence of rectal cancer. The sample comprised 57 ...
Venugopal Supriya S - - 2010
Gentian violet (GV), a mixture of crystal violet and methyl violet, a dye belonging to the di- and triaminophenylmethanes class and has been widely used for its bactericidal and fungicidal properties. To date, there have been no reports of long-term therapeutic use of GV in epidermolysis bullosa (EB). Two brothers ...
Soler Zachary M - - 2010
To determine the time interval during which quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes stabilize after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Multi-institutional, longitudinal cohort. Tertiary rhinology centers. Adults with chronic rhinosinusitis from three medical centers were asked to provide responses to the Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI) and the Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS) at baseline and ...
Oermann Christopher M CM Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2010
Chronic airway infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) causes morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Additional anti-PA therapies are needed to improve health status and health-related quality of life. AIR-CF3 was an international 18-month, open-label study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of repeated courses of aztreonam for ...
Brandes Mirko - - 2011
Despite its impact on the overall outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after knee surgery, physical activity has not been investigated directly using accelerometry or step monitoring during the first year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) due to osteoarthritis (OA). Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the development ...
Greimel Elfriede - - 2011
The objective of our study was to compare prospectively the QoL in long-term ovarian cancer survivors with short-term survivors and to explore discriminating variables between short-term and long-term survival. Thirty-three patients were included, 22 died within 5 years post diagnosis and 11 survived beyond 10 years. QoL data were collected ...
Shi Hon-Yi - - 2011
Traditional pre- and post-surgery quality of life assessments are inadequate for assessing change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). This study examined whether a response shift, a change in the internal standards of a patient, occurs in patients who have received LC. Self-administered gastrointestinal quality of ...
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