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Results 251 - 300 of 1443
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Jeong Byeong-Ho - - 2012
Background. There are limited data on the performance of the pneumonia severity index (PSI) and CURB-65, which were originally developed for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), for patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP).Methods. The performances of PSI and CURB-65 were retrospectively evaluated in patients with HCAP compared to patients with CAP using prospectively collected data ...
Antunes Carina Ferlin - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of the standard (Class II) Balters bionator in growing patients with Class II malocclusion with mandibular retrusion by using morphometrics (thin-plate spline [TPS] analysis). Materials and Methods: Thirty-one Class II patients (17 male and 14 female) were treated with the Balters bionator (bionator group). ...
Melki Camille - - 2012
Date of birth: 21/08/1988; sex: female. A. PRETREATMENT RECORDS: 3/2004 (15 years 8 months). DIAGNOSIS: Class II division 1 subdivision, normodivergent, asymmetry. TREATMENT: Bimaxillary multiband treatment with intermaxillary elastics and directional forces. B. POST-TREATMENT RECORDS: 3/2006 (17 years 8 months). RETENTION: Hawley plate and wire lingually bonded 33 to 43. ...
Melki Camille - - 2012
Date of birth: 21/08/1988; sex: female. A. PRETREATMENT RECORDS: 3/2004 (15 years 8 months). DIAGNOSIS: Class II division 1 subdivision, normodivergent, asymmetry. TREATMENT: Bimaxillary multiband treatment with intermaxillary elastics and directional forces. B. POST-TREATMENT RECORDS: 3/2006 (17 years 8 months). RETENTION: Hawley plate and wire lingually bonded 33 to 43. ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Identify novel prognostic factors for patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study conducted in a single tertiary care centre in South Africa. PATIENTS: 176 African women with newly diagnosed PPCM were studied. INTERVENTIONS: Clinical assessment, echocardiography and laboratory results were obtained at baseline and at ...
Jeganathan Reubendra - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after tricuspid valve reoperation have not been published before. This study examines our 32-year experience in this cohort of patients. METHODS: Between May 1979 and January 2011, a total of 68 patients who had previous tricuspid valve surgery (49 repairs and 19 replacements) had reoperations on their tricuspid ...
Clarke-Moloney Mary - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine rate of venous ulcer recurrence and level of compliance in patients wearing European class 1 or class 2 compression stockings. One hundred patients with healed venous leg ulcers were recruited. Patients were randomised to either class 1 (n = 50) or class ...
Bilsel Kerem - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of patient and surgical factors on mortality after hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Level-one trauma and tertiary referral centers. METHODS: Patients were eligible if they were aged 65 years or older and had undergone surgery for a non-pathological femoral neck or intertrochanteric hip fracture ...
van Dijken Jan W V - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this 6 year prospective randomized equivalence trial was to evaluate the long-term clinical performance of a new nano-hybrid resin composite (RC) in Class II restorations in an intraindividual comparison with its well-established conventional hybrid RC predecessor. METHODS: Each of 52 participants received at least two, as ...
Faiz Seyed Hamid Reza - - 2012
Regional anesthesia is widely used to perform different surgical procedures including those performed on the extremities. In this study, the anesthetic effects of adding intrathecal neostigmine or magnesium sulphate to bupivacaine in patients under lower extremities surgeries were assessed. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 90 patients, candidate for lower ...
Conn Doyt L - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of the Arthritis Self-Management Program (ASMP) on a cohort of patients, primarily African American (90 %), with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) served by a public hospital. One hundred four patients were randomly assigned to the ASMP group or the usual care group ...
Bock Niko C - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess the effectiveness of Class II subdivision Herbst nonextraction treatment and its short-term stability retrospectively. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two Class II subdivision (SUB: right-left molar difference ≥0.75 cusp width) and 22 symmetric Class II patients (SYM: ≥0.75 cusp width bilaterally) were matched according to gender and pretreatment ...
Bechtold Till E - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the effects of linear force vector(s) from interradicular miniscrews on the distalization pattern of the maxillary arch in adult Class II patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five adult patients with mild to moderate Class II dentition and minimal crowding were collected. Either single (group A, n  =  ...
D'Onofrio Augusto - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this propensity-matched, multicenter study was to compare early clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients undergoing transapical aortic valve implantation (TA-TAVI) versus patients undergoing sutureless aortic valve replacement (SU-AVR) for severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. METHODS: We reviewed 468 TA-TAVIs performed in 20 centers from April 2008 ...
Zimmer B - - 2012
AIM: The goal of the study was the evaluation of opposing intermaxillary elastics concerning potential change in the occlusal plane inclination relative to relevant vertical structures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two late adolescent, skeletally homogeneous patients (basal-sagittal relationship: neutral; basal-vertical: neutral; no transverse discrepancies) were treated either with Class II (group A; n=16) ...
Schwamburger Nathan T - - 2012
Conscious sedation has become an integral part of dentistry; it is often used to reduce anxiety or fear in some patients during oral surgery, periodontal surgery, implant placement, and general dentistry procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of adverse events during IV conscious sedation provided ...
Farret Milton Meri Benitez - - 2012
The treatment of skeletal class III and anterior open bite can be unstable and orthodontists frequently observe relapse. Here, we report on the management of three patients with skeletal class III profiles and open bites treated by orthodontic camouflage. Each received a retention protocol involving the use of two separate ...
Avolio A W - - 2012
Only patients with Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores ≥18 or ≥17 experience a survival benefit (SB) at 12 and 36 months after liver transplantation (OLT). The SB calculation estimates the difference after stratification for risk categories between the survival rate of transplanted versus waiting list patients. The aim ...
Ali Bukhari Syed Gulzar - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of distraction osteogenesis (DO) for correcting maxillofacial deformities. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, from June 2008 to November 2010. Methodology: Patients with diverse maxillofacial deformities were selected for the ...
Gandikota Chandrasekhar - - 2012
To determine if the palatal rugae have a characteristic pattern in untreated class II div 1 malocclusions compared to normal class I occlusions, and to provide a valuable insight whether palatal rugae can be taken up as additional criteria for classifying malocclusions. The study was conducted on initial maxillary dental ...
Georgopoulos Sotirios - - 2012
GOALS:: To compare the efficacy, compliance, and tolerability of a quadruple, nonbismuth-containing concomitant therapy with standard triple therapy, both of the duration of 10 days, for Helicobacter pylori eradication. BACKGROUND:: Eradication rates obtained with standard therapies are declining as antibiotic resistance becomes more prevalent worldwide. New first-line treatment strategies are ...
Chung Jun-Won - - 2012
Introduction:  Increased resistance of Helicobacter pylori to antibiotics has increased the need to develop new first-line treatments for H. pylori. We have prospectively evaluated 10-day sequential versus conventional triple therapy in peptic ulcer patients. Methods:  One hundred fifty-nine patients with peptic ulcer diseases were prospectively randomized to receive 10 days ...
Arslan Taş Didem - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common lesions of oral mucosa. Helicobacter pylori is suggested as one of the etiological agents of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Here, we conduct a study for evaluating the impact of H. pylori eradication on clinical course of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. METHODS: Forty-six patients ...
Rachmiel Adi - - 2012
The purpose of this paper is to compare the treatment of hypoplastic, retruded maxillary cleft palate using distraction osteogenesis vs. orthognathic surgery in terms of stability and relapse, growth after distraction and soft tissue profile changes. The cleft patients showed anteroposterior maxillary hypoplasia with class III malocclusion and negative overjet ...
Al-Gunaid Talat T Department of Orthodontics, Ibb University, Yemen; Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Taibah University, - - 2012
To assess the effects of bimaxillary surgery on Class III subjects with mandibular asymmetry, and to compare the effects of the type of surgery performed in the mandible on the facial profile especially in the presence of facial asymmetry. Thirty-six patients in whom imbalance between the maxilla and the mandible ...
Figura Natale - - 2012
A group of 180 H. pylori culture positive dyspeptic patients (64 patients with peptic ulcer, PU) completed a 2-week treatment with omeprazole, amoxicillin and metronidazole and underwent endoscopy again 6-8 weeks after the end of therapy. One hundred and twenty-four patients (68.8%) were successfully treated. Factors increasing the rates of ...
Ljubičić Neven - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer bleeding remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) use, Helicobacter pylori infection and non-H. pylori-non-NSAIDs causes of peptic ulcer bleeding and to identify the predictive factors influencing the rebleeding rate ...
Reinhart Jennifer M - - 2012
Feline histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal infection often treated with itraconazole, which can be cost-prohibitive for some clients. Additionally, although the clinical disease in cats has been documented, sources of Histoplasma species spore exposure in cats have yet to be thoroughly investigated. The objectives of this study were to compare ...
Wong Grace Lai-Hung - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a prospective cohort study to investigate the effects of gastroprotective agents (such as such as proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists) on long-term clinical outcomes of patients with Helicobacter pylori -negative idiopathic bleeding ulcers. METHODS: Patients with H pylori -negative idiopathic bleeding ulcers were ...
Parmeland Laurence L Service de Parasitologie et Mycologie Medicale, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 103, grande rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69004 Lyon, - - 2013
Since the outcomes of patients with candidemia is poor and Candida spp. with increased resistance to antifungal therapy may be associated with these results, the emergence of these blood infections caused by non-C. albicans Candida spp. was explored prospectively over a two-year period (2009-2010). Candidemia was defined as the recovery ...
Tursi Antonio - - 2012
Failure in the eradication of H. pylori is a frequent occurrence. We assessed the effectiveness of a third-line, levofloxacin-containing, 10-day sequential treatment, in order to obtain eradication of H. pylori resistant patients in a clinical setting. One-hundred and nineteen consecutive patients with proven two consecutive failures in curing H. pylori ...
Chang Chongwang - - 2012
The authors explored the associations between subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and anxiety in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Recent research suggests that anxiety may be one of the earliest manifestations of PD; however, the lack of a dopamine-medication control group is a major limitation of these studies. Authors paired ...
Dotis John - - 2012
Candida parapsilosis constitutes a common Candida spp. isolated in children with candidemia. Few data exist on risk factors and outcome of candidemia caused by C. parapsilosis in pediatric patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of demographic data, clinical features, therapeutic procedures and outcomes associated with Candida bloodstream infections (BSIs) that ...
Rosania Rosa R Gastroenterology Section, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Foggia, Viale Pinto, 1, 71100 Foggia, - - 2012
Probiotics survive in gastric environment competing with H. pylori. We studied probiotic "multistrain" administration in dyspeptics with H. pylori (placebo-controlled study). Forty patients with H. pylori (urea breath test - UBT - and IgG) were treated for 10 days with a mixture of 8 species of probiotics. Control group represented ...
Gisbert J P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication on ulcer bleeding recurrence in a prospective, long-term study including 1,000 patients.METHODS:Patients with peptic ulcer bleeding were prospectively included. Prior non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use was not considered exclusion criteria. H. pylori infection was confirmed by rapid urease test, histology, ...
Sánchez-Delgado J - - 2012
Strong acid inhibition using esomeprazole increases cure rates with triple therapy and 10-day treatments are more effective than 7-day ones. The combination of amoxicillin plus metronidazole at full doses, and using a physiologically-correct schedule three times a day, and has been shown to overcome metronidazole resistance and to achieve good ...
Niv Yaron - - 2012
The ratio of Helicobacter pylori/NSAID-negative gastric ulcers is increasing. Idiopathic gastric ulcers have unique clinical and endoscopic features, and are associated with more bleeding complications and a higher mortality. Alterations in gastric mucin expression and sialylation pattern may be important in ulcer pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to ...
Sokwala Ahmed - - 2012
Background. Helicobacter pylori is associated with several upper gastrointestinal conditions including chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric malignancy. Proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapies are considered the standard regimens for H. pylori eradication, but the optimal duration of therapy is controversial. To prevent infection and complications, local studies should be ...
Aydogan Timucin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common bacterial infections, seen in humans worldwide and its possible relationship to different diseases is a focus of attention nowadays. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects ofH. Pylori eradication on proteinuria. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients suffering from dyspeptic complaints ...
Fakheri Hafez - - 2012
 Helicobacter pylori eradication has still remained a challenge, especially in case of failure to novel treatments. Therefore, we designed a study to evaluate the effects of a modified bismuth-containing quadruple therapy including a short course of furazolidone on a group of patients whose sequential therapy had been unsuccessful.  Thirty-six H. ...
Kongchayanun Chutima - - 2012
 Eradication rate for Helicobacter pylori infection with standard triple therapy has globally declined including in Thailand, and new regimens are required that provide reliable high eradication rates. The study was designed to determine whether concomitant therapy administered for either 5 or 10 days would produce a ≥ 95% (grade A) ...
Cosme A - - 2012
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: The rate of eradication of Helicobacter pylori with standard triple therapy using omeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin (OAC) is unacceptable in populations with high rates of clarithromycin resistance (15-20%). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of 10-day OAC therapy as the first-line treatment ...
Wu S M - - 2012
Introduction: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of quadruple therapy containing doxycycline and routine quadruple therapy for Helicobacter (H.) pylori rescue eradication in patients who had failed the one-week triple therapy. Methods: Patients who failed the first-line eradication therapy were allocated into two groups. Group A patients ...
Huang Yao-Kang - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this prospective study was to compare the efficacy of the first-line lansoprazole-based sequential therapy and concomitant therapy (lansoprazole, amoxicillin, clarithromycin and metronidazole) for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication. METHODS:  A total of 169 patients with H. pylori infection were randomly assigned to either the sequential therapy group (n = 85) ...
Kadayifci Abdurrahman - - 2012
Background:  Sequential treatment for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) appears to achieve a better eradication rate than triple therapy. However, most of the data have been reported from the Italy, and studies from different population are needed before it is recommended in clinical practice. The present study aimed to assess and compare ...
Shanmugam M - - 2012
Predictable root coverage and good colour match are the major therapeutic end points in the treatment of gingival recession. Alloderm has been used as a substitute to connective tissue graft, but its colour match in populations with a high degree of melanin pigmentation has not been extensively studied. The aim ...
Erdur Baris - - 2012
AIM:: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of sequential and standard triple-drug regimen for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication in children and to determine the primary resistance rate to clarithromycin. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Children with H. pylori infection randomized to receive either standard regimen (n=28) consisting ...
Okamoto Kohji - - 2012
Micafungin (MCFG), an echinocandin antifungal agent, exhibits antifungal activity against Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida. The fungicidal activity of MCFG against clinical isolates of Candida species was investigated, and the clinical efficacy of MCFG in therapy of deep mycosis in surgery was studied using the AKOTT algorithm. The minimum inhibitory ...
Goh K-L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: H. pylori eradication failures are difficult to treat and rescue therapies often consist of complex treatment regimens. AIM: To determine an effective and practical rescue therapeutic strategy for H. pylori treatment failures using two consecutive regimens: first rescue therapy - rabeprazole 20 mg t.d.s. and amoxicillin 1 g t.d.s. for 2 weeks ...
Rodrigues Lino L - - 2012
Helicobacter pylori has been associated with worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). To evaluate the effect of H. pylori eradication in GERD patients. We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial performing symptom evaluation, endoscopy, histology, manometry and esophageal pH testing on GERD patients. Patients infected with H. pylori were randomized ...
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