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Results 451 - 500 of 1440
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Yamanaka-Okumura Hisami H Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Tokushima, - - 2010
In patients with liver cirrhosis, abnormal energy metabolism induces low health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores. However, late-evening snack (LES) prevents morning starvation in cirrhotic patients. Our aim is to assess the effect of long-term LES on HRQOL in cirrhotic patients, using the 36-item Short Form (SF-36) health survey. Thirty-nine ...
Grantham J Aaron - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Data on the health status benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs), a principal indication for the procedure, are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the FlowCardia Approach to CTO Recanalization (FACTOR) trial, patients (n=125) completed the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) at baseline and 1 month ...
Darvall Katy A L - - 2010
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) improves after superficial venous surgery for varicose veins, but the effect of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy on HRQOL is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine changes in HRQOL after ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy for varicose veins. Consecutive patients undergoing ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy for varicose ...
Tseng P H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in overall health-related quality of life (HRQoL), working competence, and physical functions in heart transplant (HTx) recipients with vs without preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) at 3 crucial stages post-HTx: 1 and 6 months and 1 year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This between-method triangulation study included qualitative ...
Kutsuna Toshiki - - 2010
Maintenance of the walking ability is very important for smooth continuation of maintenance hemodialysis (HD). The aim of the present study was to clarify the physical activity level in daily living that HD patients should maintain to prevent deterioration of their walking ability. Outpatients undergoing maintenance HD, consisting of 65 ...
Robson P C - - 2010
Percutaneous biliary drainage (PBD) is used to relieve malignant bile duct obstruction (MBO) when endoscopic drainage is not feasible. Little is known about the effects of PBD on the quality of life (QoL) in patients with MBO. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in QoL and pruritus ...
Witt Claudia M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment details and possible effects of an individualized homeopathic treatment in patients with migraine in usual care. DESIGN: This was a prospective multicenter observational study. Consecutive patients beginning homeopathic treatment in primary care practices were evaluated over 2 years ...
M?ller Axel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the changes in health-related quality of life (QOL) after lung surgery between young and old patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective, population-based, cohort study to investigate health-related QOL before and 6 months after lung surgery. We used the validated instrument Short ...
Croy Ilona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This prospective study aimed to investigate changes in quality of life (QOL) after nasal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 788 patients (492 men and 296 women; age range, 9-81 years; mean age, 41 years) were included in this prospective study. Three hundred thirty-six patients received ...
Tian Hua-qin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of Chinese medicine comprehensive therapeutic project in treating the middle/late stage primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC). METHODS: With prospective randomized controlled design, 97 patients with PHC were assigned to the test group (49 cases) treated with Chinese medicine comprehensive therapy using Oleum fructus bruceas intervention combining ...
Parameswaran R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Open oesophagectomy has a detrimental impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL), with recovery taking up to a year. Minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO) may enable a more rapid recovery of HRQL. METHODS: Clinical outcomes from consecutive patients undergoing MIO for cancer were recorded between April 2005 and April 2007. ...
Chambers Anthony - - 2010
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In [patients over 70 years of age with lung cancer] is [lung resection] when compared with [non-surgical treatment] justified in terms of [postoperative morbidity, mortality and quality of life]? Altogether more than ...
Wolosker Nelson - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the postoperative quality of life (QOL) experienced among a group of 1167 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (VATS) to treat primary hyperhidrosis, as compared with the presurgical QOL. Between February 2002 and June 2007, 1167 patients who had undergone VATS were ...
Grewal Nina K - - 2010
International treatment guidelines now recognize the importance of thrombus removal to reduce postthrombotic morbidity when treating patients with extensive acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Studies have shown that thrombus resolution with catheter-directed thrombolysis in patients with iliofemoral DVT reduces postthrombotic morbidity, although patients unsuccessfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) do ...
Berry Michael J MJ Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, PO Box 7868, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA. - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have lower levels of physical activity compared to age-matched controls, and they limit physical activities requiring normal exertion. Our purpose was to compare the effectiveness of a traditional exercise therapy (TET) program with a behavioral lifestyle activity program (LAP) in promoting physical activity. Moderate ...
Zhu Yi-Chen - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical features of Chinese patients with severe primary erectile dysfunction (S-PED) and to identify the ideal treatment options for this population. METHODS: Patients with PED were screened for enrollment in our study. Sexual history, marital status, and erectile function were evaluated by inquiry including International Index of ...
Scott B - - 2011
Trismus is a serious problem for some patients after oral and oropharyngeal cancer, and it has a detrimental impact on quality of life and function. We know of few published papers that include preoperative assessment in reports on the longitudinal outcomes of mouth opening after oral and oropharyngeal surgery. We ...
Danon-Hersch Nadia N From the *Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; †Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; and ‡Neurosurgical Department, Schulthess-Clinic, Zürich, - - 2010
Prospective, controlled, observational outcome study using clinical, radiographic, and patient/physician-based questionnaire data, with patient outcomes at 12 months follow-up. To validate appropriateness criteria for low back surgery. Most surgical treatment failures are attributed to poor patient selection, but no widely accepted consensus exists on detailed indications for appropriate surgery. Appropriateness ...
Wang Chuanfeng C From the Department of Spine Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2010
A prospective cross-sectional study. To study the effects of living environment, rural and urban, on the postoperative quality of life in adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to explore its causes. Many factors are capable of influencing the health-related quality of life of AIS patients including degree of the ...
Gallas S - - 2011
Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) has a place in the treatment algorithm for faecal incontinence (FI). However, after implantation, 15-30% of patients with FI fail to respond for unknown reasons. We investigated the effect of SNS on continence and quality of life (QOL) and tried to identify specific predictive factors of ...
Yang Chen Guang - - 2011
Fluoropyrimidine drugs are widely used in head and neck cancer (HNC). DPD deficiency is a pharmacogenetics syndrome associated with severe/lethal toxicities upon 5-FU or capecitabine intake. We have developed a simple, rapid, and inexpensive functional testing for DPD activity, as a means to identify deficient patients and to anticipate subsequent ...
Fontanillas Noelia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term efficiency of an intervention protocol for chronic daily headache with medication overuse (CDHwMO) in the general population. METHODS: The 72 subjects meeting CDHwMO criteria coming from an epidemiological study in the general population (Neurology 2004; 62: 1338-42) were offered follow-up and treatment for 1 year and ...
Zoellner Jamie - - 2010
Race/ethnic-specific physical activity patterns and biological responses to physical activity is one of the most understudied, yet critical aspects related to the development and adoption of physical activity recommendations. In this 6-month community walking intervention targeting African Americans, participants wore a pedometer and maintained a pedometer diary for the study ...
Lee Hye Jung - - 2010
To figure out the geographical distribution of Gynaecotyla squatarolae and Microphallus koreana metacercariae in Korea, shore crabs of southwestern coastal areas were examined. Eight coastal areas in Inchon-si (A), Gyeonggi-do (B), Chungcheongnam-do (C, D, and E), Jeollabuk-do (F), and Jeollanam-do (G and H) were selected, and 2 kinds of crabs, ...
Bae Jang Ho - - 2010
We investigated erectile and ejaculatory function after penile prosthesis implantation. A total of 121 patients were enrolled in the surgery group (SG) and 120 patients in the nonsurgery group (NSG). All subjects were evaluated by use of the following questionnaires: the erection function and intercourse satisfaction domains of the International ...
Paré Pierre P Centre hospitalier affilié universitaire de Québec--Hôpital du Saint-Sacrement, Université Laval, 1050 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec City, Quebec. - - 2010
To determine whether strategies to counsel and empower patients with heartburn-predominant dyspepsia could improve health-related quality of life. Using a cluster randomized, parallel group, multicentre design, nine centres were assigned to provide either basic or comprehensive counselling to patients (age range 18 to 50 years) presenting with heartburn-predominant upper gastrointestinal ...
Rameh Charbel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Surgery is an unquestionable treatment for stages III and IV vestibular schwannomas. The postoperative quality of life (QOL) remains the main issue of concern. In this study, we have evaluated the postoperative QOL of these patients operated by two surgical approaches, the retrosigmoid approach (RSA) and the translabyrinthine approach ...
Gerullis Holger - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experiences with nephrocutaneous bypass and to assess the role of this procedure as a mean of urinary diversion in patients with incurable ureteral obstruction who are not appropriate candidates for subcutaneous pyelovesical bypass. METHODS: Nephrocutaneous bypass was performed on 15 (12 male, 3 female) patients with ...
Bjessmo Staffan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate health-related quality of life (QOL) late after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable angina, and also to compare QOL in these two groups to matched samples from the general Swedish population. DESIGN: One-hundred patients with ACS and 100 with stable ...
Ho Lance - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Destructive metastatic lesions about the acetabulum result in pain and functional limitations. We assessed whether periacetabular reconstruction (PAR) improves quality of life by examining outcome measures of pain, function, and mobility. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with a mean follow-up of 23.6 months (range, 0.5-112 months) were retrospectively reviewed. All patients ...
Kim M - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: This study evaluated continence, constipation and quality of life before and after perineal rectosigmoidectomy for full-thickness rectal prolapse. METHODS:: Consecutive patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse undergoing perineal rectosigmoid- ectomy (Altemeier's procedure) between May 2004 and June 2008 were studied. A standardized questionnaire, including the Cleveland Clinic Constipation Score (CCCS), ...
Almeida Rui M S - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to present the surgical experience of the Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery of West of Paraná (ICCOP) with respect to the treatment of left ventricle aneurysms by endoventriculoplasty with septal exclusion (EVSE) and to evaluate the quality of life of these patients after a 114-month ...
Lagercrantz Emma - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome in discharged cardiac surgery patients after prolonged postoperative intensive care needs further investigation. The aim was to study survival, functional status, and quality of life in cardiac surgery patients with more than 10 days postoperative intensive care unit stay. METHODS: We performed a population-based study including ...
Gong Hyun Sik - - 2010
PURPOSE: The heterogeneity of cerebral palsy makes interpretation and prediction of outcome after upper extremity surgery difficult. We hypothesized that the outcome of upper extremity surgery for cerebral palsy is related to the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) level. METHODS: We reviewed 27 patients with a mean age of 22 ...
Leong K J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism produces improvement in health-related quality of life in a United Kingdom population. METHODS: Since October 2002, patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism were asked to complete the SF-36 questionnaire, a validated self assessment tool prior to ...
Lim Hwa Su - - 2010
This study was designed to objectively assess the impediment of incontinence to quality of life (QoL) in females and its improvement by the midurethral sling (MUS) procedure. From June 2006 to June 2007, 93 female patients underwent the MUS procedure at our institute because of urinary incontinence. The incontinence quality ...
Jaiswal Shyam S - - 2010
Lower extremity ulcers are a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). These ulcers show decreased angiogenic response and production of growth factors. Recombinant human platelet derived growth factor (rhPDGF) has been found to decrease the time to healing. This study was conducted to evaluate its efficacy in the treatment of ...
Schembre D - - 2010
Esophagectomy (EG) and endoscopic therapy (ET) can eradicate Barrett's esophagus with early neoplasia. Their relative effect on quality of life is unknown. The 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) questionnaires were sent to all patients who underwent either EG or ET at our ...
Basinski James R - - 2010
Delirium commonly occurs during myeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Little is known about how delirium during the acute phase of HCT affects long-term distress, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and neurocognitive functioning. This prospective, cohort study examines these outcomes at 6 months and 1 year in 90 patients undergoing HCT. ...
Ellis Janice S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the impact of customised dietary advice on patients' satisfaction with their dentures and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients wearing implant-supported mandibular overdentures (IOD) or conventional dentures (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 28 IOD (two ...
Chaudhary Sarah - - 2010
This article is based on an analysis of a practice database held by Self Help Nottingham, an organisation that supports local self-help groups. The database contains details of 936 groups that closed between 1982 and 2007. The aim of the study is to provide qualitative and descriptive quantitative information about ...
Groth Shawn S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We sought to objectively assess our outcomes after laparoscopic diaphragmatic plication for symptomatic hemidiaphragmatic paralysis or eventration using a respiratory quality-of-life questionnaire and pulmonary function tests. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all symptomatic patients with hemidiaphragmatic paralysis or eventration who underwent laparoscopic diaphragmatic plication from March 1, ...
Rat Anne-Christine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare quality of life (QOL) scores 3 and 10 years after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis with QOL scores in a general population, and to determine factors associated with QOL after surgery. METHODS: Data were obtained from 2 multicenter cohorts of patients ...
Gonzalez Sáenz de Tejada Marta - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Patient psychological factors have been linked to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes after total joint replacement (TJR). We evaluated the relationship between patient expectations before TJR, their fulfillment and HRQoL outcomes at 3 and 12 months after surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients preparing for TJR of the knee or ...
Danielsson Aina J - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: The previous Scoliosis Research Society brace study (JBJS-A, 1995) included patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with moderate curve sizes (25 degrees -35 degrees). The Swedish patients in this study were examined in a long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyze and compare quality of life in ...
Carmeli Eli - - 2011
Melanoma is a malignant tumour of melanocytes, which are found predominantly in skin, and at least 10-45% of patients develop secondary lymphedema (SL). This study seeks to investigate if individual's lymphatic system can benefit from complete decongestive physical therapy (CDPT) 1 year after discharge from CDPT and consequently endorsing a ...
Rasmussen L H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the outcome 2years after treatment of varicose veins by endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) or surgery by assessing recurrence, venous clinical severity score (VCSS) and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 121 patients (137 legs) were randomised to either EVLA or saphenofemoral ligation and ...
Aulagne M B - - 2010
To evaluate, from the patient's point of view, long-term urinary and sexual outcome of surgery for severe hypospadias. Patients treated for severe posterior hypospadias during childhood and now aged 20-35 years were included. Outcome was evaluated using the Hypospadias Objective Scoring Evaluation and our own quality of life questionnaire. Of ...
Zidén Lena - - 2010
Purpose. To investigate the long-term effects of home rehabilitation (HR) after hip fracture in elderly people. Method. A randomized, controlled longitudinal study on geriatric hospital-based HR was compared with conventional care (CC) in 102 patients. Independence in activities of daily living (ADL), frequency of activity, basic physical performance, balance confidence, ...
Syrko Marcin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Forearm amputation in different zones via a similar mechanism in a group of patients of similar age is associated with different possibilities of functional recovery. The degree of postoperative recovery of function is invariably partial compared to pre-amputation function; this kind of trauma inevitably leads to disability. The patients ...
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