Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1368
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Paterson W G WG Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. - - 2010
Long wait times for health care have become a significant issue in Canada. As part of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology's Human Resource initiative, a questionnaire was developed to survey patients regarding wait times for initial gastroenterology consultation and its impact. A total of 916 patients in six cities from ...
Jones Lee W LW Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2010
To investigate the feasibility of longitudinal assessment of functional performance measures in newly diagnosed postsurgical malignant glioma patients. Patients with histologically confirmed, clinically stable, postsurgical, and previously untreated high-grade glioma (HGG) or low-grade glioma (LGG) were studied. Using a prospective design, all participants performed a cardiopulmonary exercise test with expired ...
Murray Deirdre M - - 2010
AIM: The clinical and electrographic signs of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) evolve over the first days of life. We examined the evolution of neurological signs over the first 3 days of life, and determined whether serial administration of the Amiel-Tison Neurological Assessment at Term (ATNAT) would predict neurodevelopmental outcome at 24 ...
Mehta A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We analysed 5-year treatment with agalsidase alfa enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Fabry's disease who were enrolled in the Fabry Outcome Survey observational database (FOS). METHODS: Baseline and 5-year data were available for up to 181 adults (126 men) in FOS. Serial data for cardiac mass and function, ...
Gore Dennis C - - 2010
To improve safety in the operating theater, a company of aviation pilots was employed to guide implementation of preprocedural briefings. A 5-point Likert scale survey that assessed the attitudes of operating room personnel toward patient safety was distributed before and 6 months following implementation of the briefings. Using Mann-Whitney analysis, ...
Rohmann Anette - - 2009
We examined the attribution of primary and secondary emotions in the context of equal status groups with a non-conflictual relationship, that is, Germans and French. In Study 1 (N = 169), we found that in such an intergroup context, there was no differential attribution of secondary emotions but an over-attribution ...
Trnini? Zoran - - 2009
Quality of life (QoL) has become an important outcome measure for patients with cancer, but results from population-based studies are infrequently published. The objective of this study was to asses QoL in patients who underwent the colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery and to compare it to the QoL of general population. ...
Masya Lindy M - - 2009
PURPOSE: To quantify the importance that patients and clinicians assign to specific quality-of-life outcomes associated with the treatment of rectal cancer and to demonstrate a clinical application of these data in a computer-based multidimension decision aid (Annalisa). METHODS: For patients, a researcher-administered questionnaire using the time trade-off method was used ...
Godwin Ellen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine what effect, if any, an intervention such as Single-event multilevel orthopaedic surgery (SEMLS) might have on the relative stability of the gross motor function classification system (GMFCS) for cerebral palsy over a 5-year time period. METHODS: Eighty-four children with spastic cerebral ...
Sawan Saladin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Leg lymphedema remains a significant health problem after treatment of vulval cancer. This pilot study explored the feasibility of conducting a larger trial to investigate whether the early use of compression stockings is effective in preventing leg lymphedema. METHODS: Fourteen patients undergoing inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulval cancer were randomized ...
Moraal Judith M - - 2009
Few studies have been concerned with the patient's perception of the outcome of limb lengthening. We describe the psychological and social functioning after at least 2 years of follow-up in patients who had had a leg length discrepancy and who had undergone an Ilizarov limb lengthening procedure. Self-esteem and perceived ...
Gorton George Edwin GE - - 2009
Lower-extremity musculotendinous surgery is standard treatment for ambulatory children with deformities such as joint contractures and bony torsions resulting from cerebral palsy (CP). However, evidence of efficacy is limited to retrospective, uncontrolled studies with small sample sizes focusing on gait variables and clinical examination measures. The aim of this study ...
Soler Zachary M - - 2010
Assess whether the presence of mucosal eosinophilia correlates with surgical outcomes in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Prospective cohort. Tertiary medical center. Adult patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were prospectively enrolled, and demographic data and medical comorbidities were recorded. Preoperative quality of life (QOL) was measured by the Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS), ...
Hattori Hideyuki - - 2009
The incidences of surgery-field disorders such as femur neck fracture and colorectal cancer in elderly persons have increased with the rapid aging of society. In such patients, postoperative delirium is also frequent. Patients should be generally assessed from the aspect of both physical and mental conditions in order to predict ...
Zanini Claudia Regina de Oliveira - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Arterial Hypertension (AH) is a mass disease, with consequences for the cardiocirculatory system, since its complications raise the rates of morbidity and mortality. Controlling blood pressure (BP) reduces complications and may preserve the quality of life (QOL) of patients. Studies show positive effects of music therapy as an adjuvant ...
Ogunbiyi S O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients who had surgery for primary lymphoedema. METHODS: A QoL questionnaire was administered to patients who had surgery between 1981 and 2003 (retrospective group) and between 2003 and 2006 (prospective group). RESULTS: The response rate was 70.3 per ...
Gorzkowicz Bozena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A small percentage of patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergo surgery, which is only used in the case of the most extreme deformities of the spine and chest and progression of disease despite conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life in patients with ...
Nikaido Takuya - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of assessment of surgical results using a new outcome measure for cervical myelopathy, the Japanese Orthopedic Association cervical myelopathy evaluation questionnaire (JOACMEQ). OBJECTIVE: To clarify correlations between pre- and postoperative JOACMEQ severity scores for cervical spine operations and grip strength and grip-and-release test, as objective evaluations, ...
Lohmeyer K H - - 2009
Female engorgement weight, oviposition, and molting times of larvae and nymphs of Amblyomma maculatum Koch (Acari: Ixodidae) were studied at various photoperiods under constant humidity and temperature in the laboratory. Ticks were held at photoperiods of 0:24, 10:14, 12:12, or 14:10 (L:D) h from egg through unfed nymphal stage and ...
Yamashita Hideomi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was conducted to compare the treatment and quality of life (QOL) results between radical surgery and definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for stage II-III carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2009, 128 consecutive patients were selected for this study in which 72 were treated with definitive ...
Das Subinoy - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to report on long-term outcomes in a prospective study comparing the quality-of-life outcomes in smokers and nonsmokers undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery. : Prospective clinical trial. A total of 235 patients were prospectively enrolled at a single tertiary academic center. Preoperative Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test ...
Pompili Cecilia - - 2010
The objective of this investigation was to assess the quality of life (QoL) before and after pulmonary lobectomy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to compare these values with a case-matched population of patients with normal respiratory function. This is an observational analysis performed on a prospective ...
Yu Kun - - 2010
Rhizomes of the perennial herb Paris polyphylla have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. Agricultural production of the rhizomes requires 7-10 years, which is too long to meet the demand of the medicinal industry. Therefore, studies on improving the yield of the herb and shortening the ...
Allen Jeremiah G - - 2010
As left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support duration increases, quality of life (QoL) becomes a concern. We reviewed the QoL in patients on LVAD support for >or=1 year. We retrospectively reviewed our prospective database for patients supported >or=1 year by HeartMate pulsatile- (HM1) or continuous-flow (HM2) LVADs from 2000 to ...
Lien Hen-Hui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in quality-of-life following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in adults with cholelithiasis. METHODS: Patients were evaluated with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) preoperatively and 12 months after LC. Outcome predictors ...
Diel Peter - - 2010
The Swiss Federal Office of Public Health demanded a nationwide health technology assessment registry for cervical and lumbar total disc arthroplasty and for balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) to make a decision about reimbursement of these interventions. The goal of the SWISSspine registry is to generate evidence about the safety and effectiveness ...
Johansson Annika - - 2010
This follow-up study evaluated the outcome of sex reassignment as viewed by both clinicians and patients, with an additional focus on the outcome based on sex and subgroups. Of a total of 60 patients approved for sex reassignment, 42 (25 male-to-female [MF] and 17 female-to-male [FM]) transsexuals completed a follow-up ...
Fernandez William G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Safety belt use (SBU) reduces motor vehicle deaths by 45%. We previously reported that a brief intervention improved self-reported SBU among emergency department (ED) patients at 3 months. We sought to determine if these effects were sustained at 6 months postenrollment. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled trial ...
Rossi Maria C E - - 2010
Widespread use of carbohydrate counting is limited by its complex education. In this study we compared a Diabetes Interactive Diary (DID) with standard carbohydrate counting in terms of metabolic and weight control, time required for education, quality of life, and treatment satisfaction. Adults with type 1 diabetes were randomly assigned ...
Kornblith Alice B - - 2009
The study's objective was to compare the quality of life (QoL) of patients with endometrial cancer undergoing surgical staging via laparoscopy versus laparotomy. The first 802 eligible patients (laparoscopy, n = 535; laparotomy, n = 267) participated in the QoL study in a Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) randomized trial of ...
Hopkins C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We set out to determine the psychometric validation of a disease-specific health related quality of life instrument for use in chronic rhinosinusitis, the 22 item Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), a modification of a pre-existing instrument, the SNOT-20. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The National Comparative Audit of Surgery for Nasal ...
da Costa José António Tavares - - 2009
Osteoporotic hip fractures (HF) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality with increasing familial, social and economic repercussions. The objectives of this paper were to evaluate the status vitae at 6 and 12 months of a cohort of patients with an osteoporotic HF and the risk factors for 12-month ...
Shehata Sherif M K - - 2009
PURPOSE: Prospective randomized comparison of the functional and cosmetic results of anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) in the management of intermediate anorectal malformations (ARMs) in girls was performed. METHODS: Thirty-eight girls with intermediate ARMs were randomly allocated to group A treated by ASARP technique and group ...
Di Maio Salvatore - - 2009
OBJECT: The best management strategy for small-to medium-sized vestibular schwannomas (VSs) remains controversial between observation, radiation, and microsurgical resection (surgery). The authors undertook a prospective observational cohort study comparing all 3 therapeutic modalities in patients with VSs, focusing on quality of life (QOL) outcomes. METHODS: All patients in the study ...
Janmeja Ashok K - - 2009
The World Health Organization-Government of India (WHO-GOI) Guidelines - 2003 for management of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) is a consensus statement. However, the outcome and impact of its implementation on quality of life (QOL) among COPD patients has not been studied so far. The patients were randomized to intervention ...
Chang Grace - - 2009
The growing numbers of survivors of innovative cancer treatments, such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), often report subsequent cognitive difficulties. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare neurocognitive changes in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) after allogeneic HSCT or other ...
Katz Darren - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The association between erectile dysfunction (ED) and radical prostatectomy (RP) is well established. It is our clinical experience that some men who have functional erections in the days to weeks after RP go on to lose erectile function (EF) after the first 3 months postsurgery. AIM: To assess EF ...
Gluck Iris - - 2010
Reporting long-term toxicities in trials of chemoirradiation (CRT) of head-and-neck cancer (HNC) has mostly been limited to observer-rated maximal Grades >or=3. We evaluated this reporting approach for dysphagia by assessing patient-reported dysphagia (PRD) and objective swallowing dysfunction through videofluoroscopy (VF) in patients with various grades of maximal observer-reported dysphagia (ORD). ...
Sobottke Rolf - - 2010
Focusing on spondylodiscitis in elderly patients current literature does not contain much information. We performed a retrospective case series (n = 32) comparing conservative (group 1; n = 16) versus operative (group 2; n = 16) treated spondylodiscitis patients aged > or =65 years (mean age 74.9 years) from January ...
Bridwell Keith H - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study with matched and unmatched comparisons. Level II evidence. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare results of adult symptomatic lumbar scoliosis (ASLS) patients treated nonoperatively and operatively. This is an evidence-based prospective multicenter study to answer the question of whether nonoperative and ...
Modin Marina - - 2009
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe patients' experience of the impact of their health-related life situation on their daily life two and four weeks after primary fracture treatment with Ilizarov external fixation. BACKGROUND: A few studies have been conducted postoperatively focussing on fracture treatment with Ilizarov fixation. DESIGN: A prospective descriptive ...
Khalid Ayesha N - - 2009
Adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) represent a challenging subset of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). While data suggest that endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) may benefit pediatric CF patients, there remains a paucity of data regarding the impact of endoscopic sinus surgery on adult CF patients with CRS. Our purpose was ...
Pace-Balzan Adrian - - 2009
This study aimed to evaluate the responsiveness of denture patients to the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ). Changes in scores for 20 core items completed from 2000 to 2005 by 16 patients both before and after oral rehabilitation were assessed. The median age of respondents was 68 years and the ...
Bekkering W Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To examine the practical applicability, internal consistency, and validity of the Bt-DUX, a disease-specific Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) instrument. The Bt-Dux was developed to examine patients' individual values of their life after a malignant bone tumor of the lower extremity at four domains (cosmetic, social, emotional, and ...
Herlitz Johan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in quality of life (QoL) during 15 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and prediction of impaired QoL after 15 years. METHODS: All patients in western Sweden who underwent primary CABG without simultaneous valve surgery between 1988 and 1991 were included. QoL during a period ...
Pace-Balzan Adrian - - 2009
This study aimed to evaluate the responsiveness of denture patients to the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ). Changes in scores for 20 core items completed from 2000 to 2005 by 16 patients both before and after oral rehabilitation were assessed. The median age of respondents was 68 years and the ...
Shah Ajay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We analyzed the clinical and quantitative echocardiographic characteristics of patients with sub-basal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) to define the characteristics of patients (pts) with severe symptoms. METHODS: Of 444 pts in a referral-based HCM program, 22 (5%) had midventricular or apical HCM. Quality of life (QoL) questionnaire was administered as ...
Gabrhelik Tomas - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) thoracic sympathectomy is an alternative method to surgical procedures for the treatment of acral ischemia in Raynaud phenomenon. The procedure is indicated if conservative therapy fails to provide sufficient relief. The aim of this study was to compare classic T2 and T3 RF thermolesioning ...
Pesak Josef - - 2009
Stuttering is a serious health and social problem that can distinctively affect not only the mental development of an individual but also his life possibilities, including social fulfilment and his general life prospects. The etiology of stuttering is however unknown and that is why it is not possible to treat ...
Namiki Shunichi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of radical prostatectomy (RP) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in elderly men with prostate cancer. METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2006, a total of 205 elderly men (>or=70 years) undergoing RP participated in our longitudinal outcome study. Patients completed general (Short Form 36) ...
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