Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1303
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Mair Helmut - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Biventricular pacing has demonstrated improvement in cardiac function in treating congestive heart failure (CHF). Two different operative strategies (coronary sinus vs. epicardial stimulation) for left ventricular (LV) pacing were compared. METHODS: Since April 1999, a total of 86 patients (pts, age: 63+/-10 years) with depressed systolic LV function (mean ...
Jeppsson Anders - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Ventricular septal rupture is a rare but feared complication after acute myocardial infarction. Most reports about outcome after surgical treatment are single center experiences. We investigated the results after surgical repair in all patients in Sweden during a 7-year period. METHODS: All patients undergoing surgical repair 1992-1998 were identified ...
Kim Woong-Han - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hemodynamic abnormalities and refractory atrial arrhythmias in patients late after the Fontan operation result in significant morbidity and mortality. We reviewed our experience with Fontan conversion and concomitant arrhythmia surgery. METHODS: Between January 1996 and February 2004, 16 patients underwent Fontan conversion and arrhythmia surgery. Mean age at the ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility and efficacy of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain Doppler imaging (SDI) for evaluating ventricular synchrony and function, and for predicting the long-term clinical improvement in patients undergoing biventricular pacing (BVP). METHODS AND RESULTS: TDI and SDI were performed ...
Winlaw David S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Some patients with a morphological right ventricle (mRV) in the systemic circulation require early intervention because of progressive systemic ventricular dysfunction or atrioventricular valve regurgitation. They may be eligible for anatomic repair (correction of atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance) but require prior training of the morphological left ventricle (mLV). METHODS ...
Srinathan S K - - 2005
To review 13 years' data from a unit for grown ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) to understand the change in surgical practice. Records were reviewed of patients over 16 years of age undergoing surgery between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2002 in a dedicated GUCH unit. Patients with ...
El Said H G - - 2005
We sought to evaluate the effects of atrial septal and patent foramen ovale (PFO) morphology on the efficacy of transcatheter closure. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PFO device closure from January 1997 to January 2002. Forty-seven patients underwent percutaneous closure of a PFO with a ...
Masuda Munetaka - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome is known to affect the natural history of complete atrioventricular septal defect. We analyzed whether Down syndrome affect the long-term results of complete atrioventricular septal defect when the defect is repaired during the first year of life. METHODS: Repairs of complete atrioventricular septal defect were performed in ...
Brizard Christian P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was an evaluation of a new approach to the management of multiple muscular ventricular septal defects. The defects were located with epicardial echocardiography, then transfixed with a guide wire inserted directly through the right ventricular free wall. They were closed with a custom-made multilayered double-patch device under cardioplegic ...
Lodge Andrew J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that the outcome of infants with functional single ventricle and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is poor relative to that of other single ventricle patients. Younger age at initial operation and obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection were found to be risk factors for mortality. ...
Agnetti A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) was first introduced by Senning in 1959 and was revived by Quaegebeur et al. in the late 1970s, thus becoming the intervention of choice for the correction of TGA in many centers. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was ...
Zeltser Ilana - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in 10% to 50% of pediatric patients after cardiac surgery. The incidence and outcome of PPS after permanent pacemaker implantation in children is not described. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent isolated placement of a pacemaker between January 1984 ...
Faber Lothar - - 2004
AIMS: To analyze the impact of intra-procedural echocardiographic imaging on the interventional strategy in ethanol-induced septal ablation (PTSMA) for symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), based on a single-center experience of 7 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: PTSMA was intended for refractory symptoms in 337 patients (pts.) with HOCM (mean age: 54 ...
Mert Murat - - 2004
The aortopulmonary window is a communication between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk in the presence of two separate arterial valves. This uncommon congenital anomaly is reported rarely in the literature. We present here our experience with 16 patients, emphasizing the importance of early closure of the defect by ...
Yeh Kuan-Hung - - 2004
The long-term performance of two high impedance, steroid-eluting, passive-fixation ventricular leads, porous platinum iridium electrode CPI Selute Picotip 4035 (131 patients), and platinized platinum electrode Medtronic Capsure Z 5034 (57 patients), was compared with one conventional 8.0-mm2 porous platinum iridium electrode CPI Selute 4285 (38 patients). The mean follow-up period ...
Kettering Klaus - - 2004
ICDs provide protection against sudden cardiac death in patients with life-threatening arrhythmias. Nevertheless, efficacy of defibrillation remains an important issue to guarantee the future safety of patients who receive an ICD. There is a significant number of patients who need an additional subcutaneous lead to obtain a defibrillation safety margin ...
Silversides C K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transcatheter device closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) will reduce the risk of developing subsequent atrial arrhythmias. DESIGN: The incidence and predictors of symptomatic atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) were examined in adults undergoing transcatheter closure of ASDs. SETTING: Toronto Congenital Cardiac Centre for Adults. PATIENTS: ...
Kang Nicholas - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We have previously suggested that the primary arterial switch operation is a feasible strategy for patients with transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum (TGA-IVS) up to age 2 months. This study reports our current results with this approach and examines whether this policy could be extended ...
Day Sarah J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that use of an EC brush device in combination with the Rovers Cervex-Brush (SurePath broom) offered no significant improvement in EC recovery. Here we determine if use of additional collection devices enhance the diagnostic utility of the SurePath Pap for gynecologic cytology. METHODS: After informed ...
Masumoto Hiroshi - - 2004
AIMS: In this clinical study, we compared two groups of age-matched patients, AAI and DDD, to evaluate the clinical benefits of AAI pacing in patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and normal atrioventricular (AV) conduction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-five patients with SSS implanted with AAI pacemakers were compared with 101 ...
Wang Jou-Kou - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) (AGA Medical Corp, Golden Valley, Minn) has gained wide acceptance for transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD). We conducted this study to evaluate the short-and intermediate-term results of ASD closure with the ASO and to determine the impact of deficient rim on the ...
Butera Gianfranco - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) allows the percutaneous closure of small to very large atrial septal defects (ASDs). The CardioSEAL/STARflex (CS/SF) can be used only for closure of small to moderate ASDs (stretch size up to 18 mm). These 2 devices are widely used in clinical practice. Therefore, a ...
Purcell I F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) is an alternative to surgery, but experience is limited in adults, especially in those with large (> 26 mm) defects. HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the safety, efficacy, and learning curve for closure of ASD and patent foramen ovale (PFO) using the Amplatzer ...
Erbay Ali R - - 2004
In the present study, we have examined whether increased N-ANP (N-terminal pro-ANP) levels before and after surgery in patients with ASD (atrial septal defect) along with echocardiographic findings provide a better insight into the pathophysiology and increased morbidity and mortality following corrective surgery. Eighteen adult ASD patients (> 20 years ...
Ermis Cengiz - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Biventricular cardiac pacemakers provide important hemodynamic benefit in selected patients with heart failure and severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Nevertheless, these patients remain at high mortality risk. To address this issue, we examined mortality outcome in patients with heart failure treated with biventricular pacemakers alone and those treated with ...
Ro Pamela S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine if a subset of patients who have undergone bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis could be identified in which catheterization was of little benefit before completion of the Fontan procedure. BACKGROUND: Diagnostic evaluation before Fontan procedure has typically included cardiac catheterization. However, the overall management strategy ...
Becker Ruediger - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the utility of patient-alert features in implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). BACKGROUND: Various alert features producing acoustic warning signals have been implemented in newer generation ICDs, but their role in early detection of system-related complications has not been systematically evaluated. METHODS: In ...
Shah Maully J - - 2004
The purpose of the study was to investigate the results of endocardial lead implantation, lead performance, and follow-up in young patients after the Fontan procedure. A retrospective study was conducted with patients who had endocardial atrial pacing for SND and intact AVN function after Fontan from two pediatric centers. Patient ...
Sheikh A M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Symptoms from low cardiac output or refractory atrial arrhythmias are complicating atriopulmonary (classical) Fontan connections. We present our experience of converting such patients to total cavopulmonary connections with and without arrhythmia surgery. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2002, 15 patients (mean age, 19.7 +/- 7.0 years) underwent conversion operations 12.7 ...
Roos-Hesselink J W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Great concern exists about the ability of the anatomic right ventricle to sustain the systemic circulation in patients with transposition of the great arteries who have undergone a Mustard procedure. A prospective study was made to examine long-term survival, clinical outcome, and right ventricular function 25 years after surgery. ...
Korte Thomas - - 2004
Appropriate and inappropriate therapies of implantable cardioverter defibrillators have a major impact on morbidity and quality of life in ICD recipients, but have not been systematically studied in children and young adults during long-term follow-up. ICD implantation was performed in 20 patients at the mean age of 16 +/- 6 ...
Tsurugaya Hideki - - 2004
Quantitative gated single-photon emission computed tomography was performed in 10 patients before and shortly after (<1 month) receiving biventricular pacing (BVP). They were divided into 2 groups (responder and nonresponder groups) on the basis of clinical status and echocardiographic parameters 18 +/- 6 months later. In the responder group, left ...
Bové Thierry - - 2004
BACKGROUND: From June 1995 to January 2003, 49 consecutive neonates of less than 2,500 g underwent early surgery for congenital heart disease. A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the early to medium term outcome. METHODS: Major cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects included a complete correction in 31 patients ...
Murashita Toshifumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Excellent surgical results have been reported for repair of incomplete atrioventricular septal defect; however, left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (ltAVVR) is a major cause of late morbidity. We reviewed our entire experience with incomplete atrioventricular septal defect in order to investigate long-term results of ltAVVR after repair and determine the ...
Saleem Kamal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors affecting the outcome, measured in terms of morbidity and mortality, after primary ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi, from January 2002 to October 2003. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children ...
Kadish Alan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy are at substantial risk for sudden death from cardiac causes. However, the value of prophylactic implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) to prevent sudden death in such patients is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 458 patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, a left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Walker Fiona - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective study was to define long-term outcomes after pacemaker therapy in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Adults with CHD represent a unique and expanding population. Many will require pacemaker or implantable defibrillator therapy, with a lifelong need for re-intervention and follow-up. They pose ...
Roguin Ariel - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) patients treated with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy is associated with tachyarrhythmia and an increased risk of sudden death. METHODS: This study included 42 ARVD/C patients with ICDs (52% ...
Suda Kenji - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the incidence, nature, and predisposing factors of atrioventricular block (AVB) associated with closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO). BACKGROUND: In our institution, 162 patients underwent ASD closure using ASO between December 1997 and December 2001. This includes small children ...
Lim Cheong - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Debate on the proper timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is still continuing. Significant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) could result in right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, exercise intolerance, arrhythmia, and sudden death. We analyzed clinical results of PVR after repair of TOF to investigate ...
Zanchetta M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: During the last few years, several different devices have been proposed for atrial septal defect (ASD) percutaneous closure. For the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) device, accurate balloon sizing is considered of paramount importance because the prosthesis waist has to be exactly adjusted to the defect diameter (+/-1 mm). In ...
Greenberg Henry - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) therapy in preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) in post-infarction patients with advanced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT-II) randomized 1,232 post-infarction patients with an ejection fraction of < ...
Holzer Ralf - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to report the results of a U.S. registry of device closure of congenital muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) using the new Amplatzer mVSD occluder (AGA Medical Corp., Golden Valley, Minnesota). BACKGROUND: Muscular VSDs pose a significant surgical challenge with increased morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data were prospectively ...
Azhari Nawal - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and timing of spontaneous closure of atrial septal defects within the oval fossa, to study the modalities for diagnosis, and predict the need for therapeutic intervention. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients with isolated atrial septal defects within the oval fossa, so-called ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2004
Cardiac arrhythmias and right chamber enlargement are well known long-term sequelae of atrial septal defect (ASD). Surgical ASD closure relieves patient symptoms but often fails to revert cardiac volume overload findings. Transcatheter ASD closure might be an attractive alternative to surgery, also because of the possibility to study the amount ...
Levi Daniel S - - 2004
Embolization and percutaneous retrieval of the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) after release have been reported. However, the incidence, the causes of embolization, and the methods for effective retrieval have not been systematically described. In a survey of the ASO company-designated proctors, the incidence of ASO embolization in this group's experience ...
Wichter Thomas - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a major cause of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and cardiac arrest in young patients. We hypothesized that treatment with implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs) is safe and improves the long-term prognosis of ARVC patients at high risk of sudden death. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with ...
Pedra Carlos A C - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) in patients with complex anatomy. From September 1997 to July 2003, a total of 40 patients (median age, 34 years; 65% female) with complex ASDs, defined as the ...
Us M H - - 2004
This retrospective study compared the immediate post-operative (first month) and mid-term (up to 5 years post-operation) results of 22 patients with isolated ventricular septal defects who underwent surgical correction with bovine pericardium with 57 similar patients who received a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) patch. There were no cases of early (in the ...
Mortensen Peter T - - 2004
The study evaluated the clinical safety, performance, and efficacy of sequential biventricular pacing in the InSync III (Model 8042) biventricular stimulator in a multicenter, prospective 3-month study and assessed the proper functioning of features aiming at improving biventricular AV therapy delivery. The system was successfully implanted in 189 (95.9%) of ...
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