Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1296
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Hörer Jürgen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early correction is regarded as the treatment of choice for patients with tetralogy of Fallot or pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. Nevertheless, some of these patients reach adulthood without early correction. This study sought to assess risk factors for operative mortality and determine the benefit of total correction ...
Sakamoto Shigeru - - 2005
We examined the effectiveness of combination therapy for biventricular pacing after cardiac surgery. We performed biventricular pacing in seven patients until April 2003. The diagnosis of the patients was ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) in four patients and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in three patients. The implantation method of biventricular pacing was performed ...
Leyvi Galina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of caudal anesthesia on outcomes (pediatric intensive care unit [PICU] length of stay, hospital length of stay, ventilatory time, early extubation rate) in pediatric patients undergoing congenital heart disease repair requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University teaching ...
Fett James D JD Department of Adult Medicine, Hôpital Albert Schweitzer, Deschapelles, Haiti. - - 2005
To determine the incidence and prognosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) in rural Haiti. Prospectively identified patients with PPCM treated at the Hospital Albert Schweitzer (HAS), Deschapelles, Haiti, were included in this study. Patients who presented to HAS from February 1, 2000, to January 31, 2005, were identified through a search ...
Alphonso Nelson - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate survival and risk factors influencing intermediate outcome after the Fontan procedure. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 122 patients operated between April 1991 and September 2002. Poor outcome was defined as late death or poor functional status (intractable supraventricular arrhythmias/NYHA 3-4) necessitating revision surgery. RESULTS: 64(52%) patients had an ...
Arya Arash - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces mortality in selected patients with heart failure. However, this result may not be entirely related to the beneficial hemodynamic effects of CRT. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess retrospectively the effect of CRT on the incidence of appropriate therapy in patients ...
Attenhofer Jost Christine H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sinus venosus atrial septal defect (SVASD) differs from secundum atrial septal defect by its atrial septal location and its association with anomalous pulmonary venous connection (APVC). Data on long-term outcome after surgical repair are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed outcomes of 115 patients (mean age+/-SD 34+/-23 years) with ...
Kolcz Jacek - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Despite a continuous improvement in operative outcome the optimal timing for the repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results following neonatal repair of TOF and the need for reintervention associated with this strategy. METHODS: Retrospective review of 66 ...
Silvetti Massimo S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Ventricular Capture Management (VCM) of Medtronic Kappa 700 series pacemakers (PM) performs automatic threshold detection and optimization of pacing output that may enhance generator longevity. We evaluated efficacy and safety of this algorithm in children. METHODS: The study was prospective, non-randomized, involving 50 consecutive patients (mean age 5.6 ...
Bov? Th - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the current management of atrial septal defect closure in an era of increasing feasibility of transcatheter device occlusion. METHODS: Atrial septal defect (ASD) closure was performed surgically through complete sternotomy in 165 patients (group 1) and through partial inferior sternotomy in ...
Marks Lawrence B - - 2005
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) for left-sided breast cancer has been associated with cardiac dysfunction. We herein assess the temporal nature and volume dependence of RT-induced left ventricular perfusion defects and whether these perfusion defects are related to changes in cardiac wall motion or alterations in ejection fraction. METHODS: From 1998 ...
Sukhija Rishi - - 2005
Baseline and long-term follow-up 2-dimensional echocardiograms were obtained in 160 patients with automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators without indications for antibradycardia pacing, who had backup ventricular pacing at a rate of 40/minute (VVI-40) or dual-chamber rate-responsive pacing at a rate of 70/minute (DDDR-70). At 37 months of follow-up for 80 patients treated ...
Lange Ruediger - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endoventricular patch reconstruction of the left ventricle is considered the gold standard in surgery for left ventricular aneurysms, because of improved preservation of ventricular geometry. However, the superiority over conventional linear closure has not been demonstrated, as assessed by the long-term outcome. METHODS: Two hundred patients (66%) underwent linear ...
Wheelan Kevin R - - 2005
We performed a retrospective analysis of 250 records of consecutive, newly implanted, pacemaker patients from a single center to determine the rate of postimplant complications and observations discovered before and during the prehospital discharge evaluation. No observations occurred in 246 of 250 patients (98.4%) (1-sided 95% confidence interval 96.4%). Of ...
Mohammadi Siamak - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the surgical approaches and risk factors which influence longevity of right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduits following first reoperation for obstruction. METHODS: Between January 1993 and August 2003, 114 patients underwent 141 reoperations for RV-PA conduit obstruction. Diagnoses included 'Truncus Arteriosus' (n=52), 'Pulmonary atresia/Tetralogy of fallot' ...
Toff William D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of atrioventricular block, dual-chamber cardiac pacing is thought to confer a clinical benefit as compared with single-chamber ventricular pacing, but the supporting evidence is mainly from retrospective studies. Uncertainty persists regarding the true benefits of dual-chamber pacing, particularly in the elderly, in whom it is used ...
Kavarana Minoo N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although improved perioperative outcomes with growth potential of the extracardiac pedicled pericardial Fontan (EPPF) operation have been suggested, no advantage has been demonstrated. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional experience of 54 consecutive patients undergoing EPPF between June 1996 and August 2003. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was obtained yearly ...
Francois K - - 2005
In a retrospective study of 32 consecutive patients undergoing a total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), we tried to determine if the trend for decreasing age at Fontan completion and reducing the intervals between the staged procedures during the past decade was associated with a change in morbidity and outcome. In 8 ...
Smerup Morten - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although earlier a feared complication of congenital cardiac surgery, the incidence of heart-block and sinus node dysfunction has been lowered to 1-4% due to improved surgical techniques and better anatomical understanding of the cardiac conduction system. Development of feasible pacemaker technologies has further lowered mortality and morbidity. However, pacemaker ...
Ichikawa Hajime - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although biventricular repair is theoretically ideal for the treatment of isomerism heart, the long-term outcome is unknown. We assessed the outcome of biventricular repair for atrial isomerism. METHODS: From 1984 to 2002 in our surgical database, 10 of 67 patients with atrial isomerism received biventricular repair. The age at ...
Senges-Becker Julia C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the absence of comparative studies, recommended routine follow-up (FU) intervals for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients range from 1 to 6 months; most patients are followed at 3 month intervals. METHODS: Six hundred and eighteen ICD patients were routinely seen 4 weeks after implant and then every 3 ...
Earing Michael G MG Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2005
To determine the long-term outcome of patients after surgical repair for pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS). Fifty-three patients (30 males; mean - SD age, 10+/-13 years; range, 5 days to 50 years) were identified who had surgical treatment for PVS between 1951 and 1982. The status of each patient was determined ...
Kurotobi Shunji - - 2005
After right ventricular (RV) outflow reconstruction, patients often develop postoperative outflow tract stenosis or pulmonary regurgitation, or both. The aim of this study was to assess the relation between RV hypertrophy, volume, pressure, and function and to provide indications for repeat surgery. We performed magnetic resonance imaging to measure RV ...
Kabbani Mohamed S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to review the postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) course, complications and outcome of Down's syndrome children undergoing surgical repair of congenital heart diseases (CHD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review analysis of intensive care course and outcome of Down syndrome children undergoing surgical repair ...
Arteaga Edmundo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Selected patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have 3% to 4% annual mortality as compared to only 0.5% to 1.5% in nonselected patients. Our aim was to evaluate survival and prognostic factors in HCM in patients in a tertiary care center. METHODS: From 1980 to 1997, 214 patients were prospectively ...
Akpek Elif A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: For patients with transposition of the great arteries and a systemic right ventricle, complex late arterial-switch operations (double switch, switch conversion, Senning-Rastelli) after the newborn period have been described recently to restore the morphologic left ventricle to the systemic circulation. The purpose of this study was to describe the ...
Yang Hyun Suk HS Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2005
We sought to test whether patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (APH) have different clinical features compared to those with typical asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH). Among 32,534 patients who underwent routine echocardiography at Asan Medical Center from January 2000 to December 2001, 305 patients (0.9%), who were finally diagnosed with hypertrophic ...
Galantowicz M - - 2005
Despite improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative management, the overall results of traditional staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) remain suboptimal. We report the evolution of a hybrid strategy in 34 patients coupling innovative surgical and transcatheter techniques that requires one open-heart procedure to reach a Fontan completion. ...
Koh Masahiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Since 1985, we have implanted handmade tri-leaflet conduits made of heterologous pericardium or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), as an alternative to homograft for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. This report assesses the long-term outcome of these prostheses. METHODS: From 1985 to 2003, 216 handmade tri-leaflet conduits were implanted in 191 ...
Masura J - - 2005
Using an Amplatzer membranous eccentric occluder, 186 patients with an average weight of 43.5 kg (range 12.5-77) underwent attempted catheter closure of a perimembranous venricular septal defect (PMVSD). Their age ranged from 3 to 51 years, with the an average age being 15.9 years. The patients were divided into three ...
Ten Harkel A Derk Jan - - 2005
To evaluate the indications, underlying cardiac disorders, efficacy and complications involved with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in paediatric patients in The Netherlands, the records of all patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent ICD placement were reviewed retrospectively. Between January 1995 and September 2002, 23 patients (11 males, 12 females; ...
Sherrid Mark V - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In this study we assessed the long-term efficacy and safety of disopyramide for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: It has been reported that disopyramide may reduce left ventricular outflow gradient and improve symptoms in patients with HCM. However, long-term efficacy and safety of disopyramide has not been ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Placement of oversized pulmonary ventricle-pulmonary artery conduits is routinely performed to decrease conduit failure in children. However, this practice has recently been challenged as somatic outgrowth may not be the main determinant of allograft failure in children. Our objective was to determine whether placement of oversized homografts for extracardiac ...
De Ridder Serge - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Registry to report our single-centre experience in closing defects of the atrial septum. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2001, transcatheter device closure of significant atrial septal defects was performed in 32 adults (mean age 45.1 years, range from 15 to 76 years), using different device types. Six patients had a ...
Thanopoulos B D - - 2005
To present further experience and intermediate term outcome in 30 patients with single muscular ventricular septal defects (MVSDs) who underwent transcatheter closure with the Amplatzer ventricular septal defect occluder (AVSDO). Thirty patients, aged 4 months to 16 years, with MVSDs underwent transcatheter closure with the AVSDO. The device consists of ...
Korbmacher Bernhard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: If the pulmonary artery (PA) tree in patients with Fallot's tetralogy (TOF) is extremely hypoplastic, a shunt procedure may be difficult and not desirable because of side-effects. Moreover, the failing catch-up growth of the pulmonary annulus is well known. In patients with a severe form of TOF, we performed ...
Martinelli Martino - - 2005
COMBAT is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, blinded clinical study, with crossover design. The main objective is the comparative evaluation of atrio-biventricular versus conventional atrioventricular stimulation (atrio and right ventricle) in patients with heart failure and bradycardia as the primary indication for pacemaker implantation. After successful atrio-biventricular system implantation, patients will ...
Veldtman G R - - 2005
Transcatheter creation and enlargement of interatrial defects (IAD) may improve hemodynamics; however, procedural outcomes have not been well defined. Hospital records were reviewed for children who underwent percutaneous procedures to create and enlarge an IAD and were grouped as follows: (1) right and (2) left heart obstructive lesions, (3) left ...
Erdo─čan Hasan Basri - - 2005
Although most patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) undergo radical repair during infancy and childhood, patients remaining undiagnosed and untreated until adulthood can still be treated. These patients have either a previous palliative or natural collateral circulation to the lung or a mild form of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) ...
Ghosh Nina - - 2005
Laser extraction of device leads offers an attractive alternative to countertraction and electrosurgical dissection sheath, potentially increasing efficacy and reducing complications. Wider adoption of this technology depends on relative ease of use. We report the experience of a new center to define the "learning curve." We performed 76 laser lead ...
Bartel Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study sought to evaluate safety and radiation exposure when using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) in comparison to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in order to guide transcatheter closure of interatrial communications. METHODS: Eighty patients (44 males, 36 females, mean age 46, SD 13 years) undergoing device closure of atrial septal defect ...
Galal M Omar - - 2005
Changes in left ventricular dimensions and performance were studied in 43 patients after transcatheter occlusion or surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus. The patients were assigned to 2 groups based on their ductal diameter: >/= 3.1 mm to group A (n = 27) and </= 3 mm to group B ...
Ehrlich Rita - - 2005
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common diagnosis in young adults with congenital heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine if ocular symptoms following percutaneous treatment are due to microemboli. The study group included 20 adult patients (9 men, 11 women, mean age 57.2 years) with ASD ...
Mair Helmut - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Biventricular pacing has demonstrated improvement in cardiac function in treating congestive heart failure (CHF). Two different operative strategies (coronary sinus vs. epicardial stimulation) for left ventricular (LV) pacing were compared. METHODS: Since April 1999, a total of 86 patients (pts, age: 63+/-10 years) with depressed systolic LV function (mean ...
Jeppsson Anders - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Ventricular septal rupture is a rare but feared complication after acute myocardial infarction. Most reports about outcome after surgical treatment are single center experiences. We investigated the results after surgical repair in all patients in Sweden during a 7-year period. METHODS: All patients undergoing surgical repair 1992-1998 were identified ...
Kim Woong-Han - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hemodynamic abnormalities and refractory atrial arrhythmias in patients late after the Fontan operation result in significant morbidity and mortality. We reviewed our experience with Fontan conversion and concomitant arrhythmia surgery. METHODS: Between January 1996 and February 2004, 16 patients underwent Fontan conversion and arrhythmia surgery. Mean age at the ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility and efficacy of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain Doppler imaging (SDI) for evaluating ventricular synchrony and function, and for predicting the long-term clinical improvement in patients undergoing biventricular pacing (BVP). METHODS AND RESULTS: TDI and SDI were performed ...
Winlaw David S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Some patients with a morphological right ventricle (mRV) in the systemic circulation require early intervention because of progressive systemic ventricular dysfunction or atrioventricular valve regurgitation. They may be eligible for anatomic repair (correction of atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance) but require prior training of the morphological left ventricle (mLV). METHODS ...
Srinathan S K - - 2005
To review 13 years' data from a unit for grown ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) to understand the change in surgical practice. Records were reviewed of patients over 16 years of age undergoing surgery between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2002 in a dedicated GUCH unit. Patients with ...
El Said H G - - 2005
We sought to evaluate the effects of atrial septal and patent foramen ovale (PFO) morphology on the efficacy of transcatheter closure. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PFO device closure from January 1997 to January 2002. Forty-seven patients underwent percutaneous closure of a PFO with a ...
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