Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1404
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Silva Antonio S AS http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7029-1048 Department of Anthropology, University College London, London WC1H 0BW, UK - - 2014
The idea that cohesive groups, in which individuals help each other, have a competitive advantage over groups composed of selfish individuals has been widely suggested as an explanation for the evolution of cooperation in humans. Recent theoretical models propose the coevolution of parochial altruism and intergroup conflict, when in-group altruism ...
Kanavi Mozhgan Rezaei MR Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, No 23, Paydarfar-9th Boostan St., Pasdaran Ave, 1666663111, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
This study was conducted to compare the quantitative and qualitative indices of the donated corneas maintained in either Optisol-GS or Eusol-C storage media. In an ante-grade single blind study, two corneas from each donor with a death to preservation time of less than 30 h and with a minimum of "an ...
Rathore Deepa S DS Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Coventry and Warwickshire, Warwick Medical School, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, United - - 2014
To evaluate the outcomes of eyelid reconstruction in patients who underwent full thickness skin grafts. A retrospective, noncomparative intervention study of patients who underwent periocular reconstruction with full thickness skin grafts between 2005 and 2011. One hundred consecutive Caucasian patients were included in the study, 54 women and 46 men. ...
Feizi Sepehr S Department of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of donor features, including age, death-to-preservation time, preservation-to-surgery time, graft rating, and endothelial cell features, on visual and refractive outcomes and complications occurring after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in patients with keratoconus. In this retrospective study, 290 consecutive keratoconic ...
Sasaki Hideyuki H Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Seiryo-machi 1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8574, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess outcomes of liver transplantation (LTx) in patients with biliary atresia (BA). The Kasai procedure was performed for 358 patients at Tohoku University Hospital between January 1955 and December 2013; 64 (17.9 %) required LTx. These 64 patients were divided into 4 groups according to their age ...
Sevketoglu Esra E 1Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. 2Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Cukurova University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey. 3Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Ankara University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey. 4Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Haseki Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. 5Department of Critical Care Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Thrombocytopenia-associated multiple organ failure can lead to high mortality in critically ill children, possibly related to consequences of thrombotic microangiopathy. Plasma exchange therapy may improve thrombotic microangiopathy. The purpose of this observational cohort study is to describe whether there is an association between use of plasma exchange therapy and outcome ...
Sumida Wataru W Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, 1-2 Osakada, Morioka-cho, 474-8710, Obu, Aichi, Japan, - - 2014
Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a serious complication associated with parenteral nutrition (PN). We retrospectively examined the features of CRBSI in patients with motility disorder (MD) by reviewing medical records. Patients who received PN for more than 100 days in our hospital between January 2009 and September 2013 were reviewed. They ...
van der Voort Peter H J PH From the Department of Intensive Care, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam (PHJvdV, MvZ, RJB, IvS, JPJ W, HMO-vS, DFK), the Department of Intensive Care, Tergooi Hospital, Hilversum (RvR), and the Department of Intensive Care, Free University Medical Centre, Amsterdam (HMO-vS), The - - 2014
Organ failure in severe sepsis and septic shock may be caused by microcirculatory failure. The objective of this study is to test a conceptual model of microcirculatory failure by using a resuscitation strategy targeting early opening of the constricted microcirculation with active vasodilatation. A prospective, randomised controlled pilot study. Single-centre ...
Kumar Akshat A From the *Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Peters University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ; and †Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
In patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), we aimed to precisely quantify the association between systemic inflammatory response syndrome score (SIRSS), an easily measured bedside tool, and various adverse outcomes of AP. We prospectively identified patients admitted to Mayo Clinic on day 1 of AP. Patients with positive SIRSS (≥2) on ...
Canovetti Annalisa A Unità Operativa Oculistica Ospedale "Misericordia e Dolce", Piazza dell'Ospedale 1, 59100 Prato, - - 2014
To describe a new laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty, combining a femtosecond "anvil"-like trephination pattern with the laser welding procedure. Cohort Prospective Study, 1 year follow up (June 2011- January 2013). This study was performed at Misericordia e Dolce Public Hospital, Prato, Italy. 24 eyes out of 22 patients underwent penetrating keratoplasty: ...
Garg Sumeet S Musculoskeletal Research Center, Orthopedics Institute, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, - - 2014
The incidence of late infection published in the literature varies from 1% to 12% with varying definition of late infection (range, 3 mo to 1 y). Current evidence suggests implant removal and antibiotic therapy is necessary to clear these infections. A high incidence of late (>1 y) deep infection after ...
Kanellopoulos Anastasios J AJ *Laservision.gr Eye Institute, Athens, Greece; and †Department of Ophthalmology, NYU Medical School, New York, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of very high-fluence collagen crosslinking (CXL) as a means of achieving increased corneal rigidity and reduced enzymatic digestion in the vehicle cornea of Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) type 1. Eleven consecutive patients fitted with a KPro (5 with a ...
Chambers Daniel C DC Queensland Lung Transplant Service, The Prince Charles Hospital; School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a degenerative disease characterized by fibrosis following failed epithelial repair. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), a key component of the stem cell niche in bone marrow and possibly other organs including lung, have been shown to enhance epithelial repair and are effective in preclinical models of ...
Tanaka Katsuya K Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Donor-site wound healing was tested with a nonadherent petrolatum- and hydrocolloid-impregnated polyester, a lipid-colloid dressing, and a nonadherent polyester dressing, supplemented with petrolatum manually by a physician onsite. Ten patients, 1 woman and 9 men (22 to 79 years old; average 58.4 ± 17.54 years), were enrolled in this prospective ...
Rutkowski A A Department of Oncological Gastroenterology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre, W. K. Roentgena 5, 02-781, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Despite the findings of several randomized clinical studies, the role of gentamicin collagen implant (GCI) in rectal cancer surgery is unclear. Local pelvic application of GCI following preoperative radiotherapy and total mesorectal excision (TME) was evaluated to determine the risk of surgical site infections (SSI). In this single-center trial, 176 ...
Grimsby Gwen M GM Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term safety of a novel continuous infusion of ketorolac vs placebo after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. We performed a secondary analysis of a previously reported randomized controlled trial conducted from October 7, 2008, to July 21, 2010. Patients aged 18-75 years received a continuous infusion of either ketorolac (treatment ...
Aull M J MJ Division of Transplantation Surgery, Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
Few prospective, randomized studies have assessed the benefits of laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN) over laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). Our center initiated such a trial in January 2011, following subjects randomized to LESS-DN versus LDN from surgery through 5 years postdonation. Subjects complete recovery/satisfaction questionnaires at 2, 6 and ...
Abronina Polina I PI N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp., 47, 119991 Moscow, Russian - - 2014
The influence of O-trifluoroacetyl (TFA) groups at different positions of thioglycoside glycosyl donors on stereoselectivity of α-arabinofuranosylation leading to corresponding disaccharides was studied. It was shown that TFA group in thioglycoside glycosyl donors, when combined with 2-O-(triisopropylsilyl) (TIPS) non-participating group, may be regarded as an electron-withdrawing protecting group that may ...
Mohite Prashant N PN Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation & Mechanical Support, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, Middlesex, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lung transplantation (LTx) is a complex surgical procedure conventionally performed with clamps on the recipient pulmonary artery (PA) and left atrial (LA) cuff, with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The clamps may be awkward to apply and maintain on these structures, potentially causing injury and possibly compromising the quality of ...
Kwon M H MH Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a tendency to favor oversized donor hearts for heart transplant candidates affected by mild to moderate pulmonary hypertension (PHTN). We hypothesize that both undersized and oversized donor hearts fare equally well in this setting. A total of 107 cases from 2003 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed and subsequently ...
Raza Muhammad Sheraz MS Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, Mayo Hospital, KEMU, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of bupivacaine moistened dressing and conventional dressing in patients requiring split thickness skin graft for reconstruction of various defects. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Unit, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from January ...
Hernández Antonio A Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering Department, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
The Cox-maze surgery is an effective procedure for terminating atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients requiring open-heart surgery associated with another heart disease. After the intervention, regardless of the patient's rhythm, all are treated with oral anticoagulants and antiarrhythmic drugs prior to discharge. Furthermore, patients maintaining AF before discharge could also ...
Karnatovskaia Lioudmila V LV Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Rd, Davis Building E-7A, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA, - - 2014
Global cerebral edema (GCE) with subsequent refractory intracranial hypertension complicates some cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), and typically is associated with poorer outcome. Treatment options for refractory intracranial pressure (ICP) cases are limited to decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) and targeted temperature management (TTM) with induced hypothermia (32-34 °C). No outcomes comparison ...
Elbaz Uri U Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare two lenticule insertion methods currently in use for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Prospective randomized single masked study PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy undergoing DSAEK surgery were included and randomized to the use of either Endoglide (AngioTech, North Yorkshire, ...
Cho Yang Hyun YH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Division of Cardiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Malperfusion syndrome caused by acute type A aortic dissection is associated with high mortality. However, the impact of subclinical malperfusion is not clear. We reviewed surgical outcomes in acute type A dissection for the presence of clinical and subclinical malperfusion. From 1998 to 2012 at Samsung Medical Center, 268 consecutive ...
Agarwal Ashok A Center for Reproductive Medicine, Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute , Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio , - - 2014
Abstract Infertile patients presenting with poor semen concentration, motility, and morphology have significantly higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this cross-sectional study, our goal was to: 1) determine how semen parameters such as concentration, motility, morphology, as well as ROS are altered in oligozoospermic men alone and those ...
Salem B A BA St. Georges University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; Faculty of Medicine, Balamand University, Lebanon; Al Amal Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Medical Institute for Neuropsychological Disorders (MIND), Lebanon; Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy & Applied Care (IDRAAC), Lebanon; University of California and Los Angeles, Integrated Substance Abuse Program, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Vienna Medical University, Vienna, - - 2014
The first aim of this study is to investigate the impact of different temperaments in opiate dependency patients. The second aim of this study is to define therapy relevant subgroups in opiate addiction for further basic clinical research and therapy. In the time period from September to November 2010, 101 ...
Osinga R R Clinic of Hand, Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The latissimus dorsi flap (LDF) has been employed very successfully over decades to cover large soft-tissue defects. Its donor-site morbidity has been extensively investigated in adults - but not in children - and is considered to be nonrestrictive. The aim of this long-term study was to assess donor-site morbidity with ...
Joseph Bellal B From the Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, The University of Arizona, Tucson, - - 2014
Protocols call for the start of hormonal therapy with levothyroxine after the declaration of brain death. As the hormonal perturbations occur during the process of brain death, the role of the early initiation of levothyroxine therapy (LT) to salvage organs is not well defined. The aim of this study was ...
Kulkarni Mihir Raghavendra MR Department of Periodontology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2014
Owing to its stimulatory effect on angiogenesis and epithelialization, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an excellent material for enhancing wound healing. The use of PRF dressings may be a simple and effective method of reducing the morbidity associated with donor sites of autogenous free gingival grafts (FGGs). The purpose of this ...
Erb Joachim J Department of Anaesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care, Prehospital Emergency Medicine and Pain Therapy, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Levosimendan is an inotropic drug with organ-protective properties due to its activation of mitochondrial KATP channels. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated whether administration of levosimendan prior to cardiopulmonary bypass could reduce organ dysfunction and influence subsequent secondary endpoints. Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <30% scheduled for elective ...
Kim Gwan Sic GS Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of - - 2014
Background: Long-term echocardiographic data on quantitative assessment of tricuspid and mitral regurgitation after heart transplantation are scarce. Methods and Results: From November 1992 to December 2008, the medical records for 201 patients (mean age, 42.8±12.4 years, 47 females) who underwent heart transplantation were reviewed. Quantitative assessment of mitral and tricuspid valve function ...
Wan Ping P Ping Wan, Jian-Jun Zhang, Qi-Gen Li, Ning Xu, Ming Zhang, Xiao-Song Chen, Long-Zhi Han, Qiang Xia, Department of Liver Surgery, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, - - 2014
To compare the surgical outcomes between living-donor and deceased-donor liver transplantation in patients with hepatic carcinoma. From January 2007 to December 2010, 257 patients with pathologically confirmed hepatic carcinoma met the eligibility criteria of the study. Forty patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) constituted the LDLT group, and deceased-donor ...
Mihajlovic Dunja M DM Clinical centre of Vojvodina, Emergency centre, Department of anesthesia and reanimation, Novi Sad, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coagulation abnormalities which occur as a consequence of endothelial changes are recognized as diagnostic criteria for sepsis, but significance of these changes in the outcome prognosis and prediction of the course of sepsis is still not accurately defined. 60 patients who fulfilled the criteria for diagnosis of sepsis were included ...
Titiyal Jeewan S JS Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to describe a modified technique of sutureless DSAEK with continuous pressurized internal air tamponade. This was a prospective interventional case series, single-center, institutional study. Twenty-seven patients with corneal decompensation without scarring were included. Aphakic patients and patients with cataractous lens requiring IOL implantation surgery ...
Tran Mai M Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, United - - 2014
Study Design Retrospective analysis. Clinical Question Is there a difference between the screw-rod construct (SRC) procedure without wiring and the SRC procedure with wiring with respect to fusion, implant failure, reoperation, donor-site morbidity, and complication rates? Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of 26 patients who underwent C1-2 fixation between 2004 ...
Li C C Department of ICU, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chendu 610041, - - 2014
This study sought to define the perioperative recipient and donor factors that contribute to the occurrence of massive ascites after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in adults. A retrospective review of medical records and computerized databases was performed, and 105 adult patients who underwent LDLT from 2005 to 2011 in ...
Jung S W SW Department of Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study analyzed the incidence and management of biliary complications after liver transplantation (LT) with or without internal stent. The medical record of all patients who underwent LT and were hospitalized from December 2009 to March 2013 were reviewed. Patients were grouped into 2 groups (internal stent group vs no ...
Walden Andrew P - - 2014
Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most common infectious reason for admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The GenOSept study was designed to determine genetic influences on sepsis outcome. Phenotypic data was recorded using a robust clinical database allowing a contemporary analysis of the clinical characteristics, microbiology, outcomes and ...
van den Heuvel Stefanie C M SC VUmc, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was to evaluate the long-term morbidity of the hallux function after harvesting a free fibula flap. Special attention was given to the differences between patients who underwent the dissection of an osteo-cutaneous flap (without inclusion of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle) and patients who were treated with ...
Yu Shengqiang S Urology Department, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Medical College of Qingdao University, Yantai, - - 2014
Retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy has been performed in many countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inguinal incision as a route for hand-assisted manipulation and allograft retrieval. From April 2011 to June 2012, a prospective clinical study of 21 cases of retroperitoneal live donor nephrectomy was performed ...
Shaikh Aseem Arif AA Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, GangNamGu, IrWon Dong 50, Seoul, 135-710, South - - 2014
The treatment of knee arthritis with coexistent bone or joint sepsis is challenging. Despite the condition causing considerable morbidity, there is no generally agreed-upon approach to its treatment. We used aggressive débridement of the knee and implantation of intraoperatively molded articulating antibiotic cement spacers with 4 g vancomycin and 2 g streptomycin ...
Lo Tsia-Shu TS Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, School of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study aims to assess the morphology of anterior armed transobturator collagen-coated polypropylene mesh and its clinical outcomes in pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. II-3 Evidence obtained from several timed series with intervention. Classification: Case series. The study was done at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from April 2010 ...
Wei Jian-Wei JW Department of Orthopedics, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, People's Republic of - - 2014
There are no large series comparing the distally based perforator-plus sural fasciocutaneous flap used in pediatric and adult populations. The flaps were divided into two groups: the children (patient's age < 14 years) group (n = 53) and the adults (patient's age ≥ 18 years) group (n = 148). We compared flap-viability-related complications and their potential risk factors. ...
Fuentes Susana S Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) can be effectively treated by infusion of a healthy donor faeces suspension. However, it is unclear what factors determine treatment efficacy. By using a phylogenetic microarray platform, we assessed composition, diversity and dynamics of faecal microbiota before, after and during follow-up of the transplantation from ...
Maccallum Niall S - - 2014
Debate remains whether the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) identifies patients with clinically important inflammation. Defining criteria may be disproportionately sensitive and lack specificity. We investigated the incidence and evolution of SIRS in a homogenous population (following cardiac surgery) over seven days to establish the relationship between SIRS and outcome; ...
Dai Wing Chiu WC Department of Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, 102 Pok Fu Lam Road, Hong Kong, China. - - 2014
This study reviews the outcomes of retransplantation using living-donor right-liver grafts. A retrospective study of liver retransplants performed between 1996 and 2013 was conducted. The retransplants were divided into the DD group (with deceased donors) and the LD group (with living donors). Survival outcomes were analyzed. The DD group contained ...
Nassar Ahmed A Transplantation Center, Department of General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, OH - - - 2014
Introduction: Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) of the liver is a promising preservation modality that holds the potential to better preserve and even repair marginal grafts. In spite of several literature studies showing the benefits of NMP over cold storage, there is paucity of data regarding the mechanisms involved in the ...
Ragunathan Suganiah S Department of Ophthalmology, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, 8000, Århus, Denmark, - - 2014
To compare precut and surgeon-cut organ cultured donor corneas for DSAEK. A total of 119 consecutive eyes treated with DSAEK were retrospectically identified. 65 grafts were cut by the surgeon (Moria, ALTK System) prior to DSAEK and 54 grafts were precut by laboratory technicians from the Danish Eye Bank (Horizon ...
Pacini Davide D Department of Cardiac Surgery, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Although antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP) provides good brain protection during aortic arch surgery, the issue of distal organ protection during circulatory arrest remains to be clarified. The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate the outcome of aortic arch surgery using ASCP at different temperatures, focusing on visceral ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >