Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1398
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Sneider Mark S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Younger individuals with hyperparathyroidism may experience severe disease with a higher incidence of multigland disease (MGD) and operative failure, thereby requiring subtotal parathyroidectomy. This study examines the characteristics and surgical outcome of younger compared with older patients with sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism (SPHPT). METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 1101 patients ...
Calzolari Filippo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intrathyroid metastases (ITM) are rare and usually have a dismal prognosis. The aim of this study was to detect which neoplasms metastasize most often to the thyroid gland, their clinical features and treatment options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical files of 17,122 patients submitted to surgery for ...
Moure Dolores - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Unilateral neck exploration (UNE) is becoming the procedure of choice for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) parathyroid scintigraphy as the sole technique in selecting patients for UNE. METHOD: We selected 136 consecutive PHPT patients who had ...
Oussoultzoglou Elie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most common complication after thyroidectomy. New surgical devices have been propose to achieve vessel sealing and hemostasis. However, the risk of parathyroid glands damage has not been fully elucidated. This prospective study was designed to evaluate the severity of hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy by using ...
Abboud Bassam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Routine calcium and vitamin D administration and routine autotransplantation of parathyroid glands can prevent hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: Routine autotransplantation of 1 or more parathyroid glands and oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation was used in 252 patients. RESULTS: One, 2, or 3 parathyroid glands were autotransplanted in ...
Ponseti José M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of detecting ectopic thymic tissue in thymectomy specimens on the long-term outcome of patients with myasthenia gravis. METHODS: A total of 83 consecutive patients with generalized seropositive nonthymomatous myasthenia gravis underwent transsternal extended thymectomy (T-3b according to Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America). Ectopic thymic tissue ...
Slepavicius Algirdas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: For many years bilateral neck exploration (BNE) was the gold standard operation for primary hyperparathyroidism (pPHP). With advances in preoperative pathological gland localization and intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IPTH) monitoring, minimally invasive approaches have evolved. This study is aimed to compare BNE and focused parathyroidectomy (FP) in a prospective, randomized, ...
Sarkar Binay Krishna - - 2008
Plasmapheresis has been used widely in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and also in symptomatic thymectomized patients with short-term clinical improvement. But the utility of preoperative plasmapheresis in the outcome has not been widely studied. The authors analyzed its impact in the surgical outcome of thymic tumors with myasthenia gravis. ...
Hallgrimsson P - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Thyrotoxicosis is often considered to be the most difficult thyroid operation because of the high vascularisation and the risk of bleeding. The conventional haemostatic technique in thyroidectomy today include knot tying and electrocoagulation. The introduction of the harmonic scalpel (HS) has led to further research if the use of ...
Rayes Nada - - 2008
HYPOTHESIS: Total parathyroidectomy without autotransplantation in kidney transplant recipients leads to reduced recurrence rates and similar improvement of clinical symptoms compared with subtotal parathyroidectomy. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University clinic. PATIENTS: Thirty-three patients with functioning renal grafts who underwent primary total (n = 17; group 1) or subtotal ...
Sartori Paola Vincenza - - 2008
PURPOSE: New hemostatic technologies (NT) are often employed in thyroid surgery in the effort to reduce operating time and complications. The aim of this study is to compare three different hemostatic techniques. METHODS: This is a prospective randomized study. There were 150 patients, aged 56 +/- 14 years, randomized for ...
Bergenfelz A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During recent years, more radical surgery for thyroid disease, i.e., total instead of subtotal resection, has been evident. Results following this strategy on national levels are scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2006, 26 Scandinavian Departments registered 3,660 thyroid operations in a database. Risk factors for ...
Heemstra Karen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Conventional therapies for Graves' disease, consisting of medical therapy or radioiodine are unsatisfactory, because of limited efficacy and adverse events. Interventions aimed at the underlying autoimmune pathogenesis of Graves' disease may be worthwhile to explore. We therefore performed a prospective, 26-week phase II study with open-ended observational extension to ...
Hey Jeremias - - 2009
The aim was to improve the prediction rate of hyposalivation after using a modern 3D-conformal-radiotherapy-technique (3D-CRT) by sparing of the contralateral parotid gland. Between June 2002 and October 2006, 107 patients (90 male, 17 female, average age: 58 years) with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck were included ...
El Refaei Sherif Mohamed - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of long-term antithyroid drug intake on the success rate of iodine-131 (131I) treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism, and to explore other clinical/laboratory factors that may predict/affect the treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with Graves' disease were referred for ...
Leonard David S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of the ultrasonic dissector in thyroid surgery is becoming more prevalent, with reduced operative time and incision size reported. We assessed the value of the harmonic scalpel in routine thyroid lobectomy. METHODS: We conducted a single blind, prospective pilot study of 52 euthyroid patients requiring thyroid lobectomy. Those ...
Lauer Simeon A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of oral montelukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist, in combination with cetirizine, a histamine-1 receptor antagonist, in the treatment of thyroid eye disease. METHODS: Patients considering surgical correction of eyelid retraction for inflammatory symptoms of thyroid eye disease were offered a preoperative medical regimen of ...
Nart Ahmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of recurrent Graves' disease with ophthalmopathy (GO) following bilateral total thyroidectomy (TT) in patients with no history of anti-inflammatory treatment with steroids or radioactive iodine treatment. METHODS: From May 2002 to August 2005, 35 patients (27 female, 8 male) with different stages of Graves' disease ...
Sgourakis George - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) affords comparable safety and efficacy as to the open conventional surgery in dealing with patients with small thyroid nodules. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing the MIVAT with open thyroidectomy were ascertained by methodical ...
Palestini N - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of central neck dissection in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma is debated. This retrospective investigation was undertaken to assess whether it augments total thyroidectomy morbidity. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 305 consecutive patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma were divided into ...
Vaiman Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present work was to compare rates of postsurgical complications following thyroidectomy for multinodular goiter through a retrospective multicenter cohort study. METHODS: All cases of thyroidectomy (total-TT; near total-NT; and bilateral subtotal-ST) performed in two hospitals from 1990 to 2005 were studied to determine the incidence ...
Solorzano Carmen C - - 2008
HYPOTHESIS: Untreated long-term elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels after successful parathyroidectomy may predict recurrent hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Although elevated PTH levels have been reported in eucalcemic patients after parathyroidectomy for sporadic primary HPT, the long-term clinical significance of this finding remains unclear. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: ...
Spinelli Claudio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) proved to be safe and effective in the treatment of both benign diseases and malignancies. We report our experience in thyroid surgery in pediatric patients. METHODS: From October 1998 to December 2005, 35 patients (27 females and 8 males) underwent MIVAT for thyroid disease. ...
Alvarado Raul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive thyroidectomy techniques are being developed in an effort to minimize pain, shorten the length of hospital stay, and improve cosmesis. Various minimally invasive thyroid surgery (MITS) techniques have been shown to be safe and feasible with some benefits in terms of cosmesis and pain outcomes; however, no ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chyle leakage is an uncommon complication of lateral neck dissection for metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). There have been no reports on chyle leakage after central neck dissection not combined with lateral neck dissection. We therefore investigated chyle leakage in PTC patients undergoing thyroidectomy and central neck dissection. METHODS: ...
Slotema E Th - - 2008
Endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) is a demanding surgical technique in which dissection of the gland is entirely performed with an endoscope, in a closed area maintained by insufflation or mechanical retraction. ET by direct cervical approach (anterior or lateral) is minimally invasive, but ET using an extracervical access (chest wall, breast, ...
Phitayakorn Roy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is our hypothesis that the extent of thyroid resection for benign nodular thyroid disease (NTD) should be based on the extent of disease. METHODS: Patients operated on for benign NTD from 1990 through 2007 were divided into 3 groups: those who underwent lobectomy for unilateral NTD (Group 1); ...
Berker Dilek - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The need to perform fine-needle aspiration biopsy (TFNAB) on subcentimeter thyroid nodules is less clear than for larger nodules. We compared the ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules less than and greater than one centimeter and correlated this information with the cytological results for TFNAB and the final histopathological diagnosis ...
Michalaki Marina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nontoxic nodular goiter (NTNG) is common in endemic goiter regions. Thyroxine (T4) is often used to treat NTNG. There is little information regarding T4 treatment in regions that have recently become iodine sufficient. We studied the effect of T4 treatment on thyroid function tests in southwestern Greece (SWG), a ...
Punj Jyotsna - - 2008
There is a high probability of missing out on the preoperative diagnosis of hypothyroidism in elderly females, as most of the symptoms are attributed to old age. We report a patient with undiagnosed hypothyroidism, operated for excisional biopsy of carcinoma of tongue, who postoperatively developed septicemia refractory to maximum ionotropic ...
Canbaz Hakan - - 2008
To investigate the effect of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) identification on the complications after total thyroidectomy and lobectomy. Total 134 consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy or thyroid lobectomy from January 2003 to November 2004 were investigated retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: RLN identified (Group A) or not (Group ...
Filipsson Helena - - 2008
CONTEXT: The diagnosis of central hypothyroidism (CH) is often difficult to establish as serum TSH levels may be low, normal, or slightly increased. OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) in the diagnosis of CH. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of a tertiary care ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) is an alternative to surgery for patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism, it also has been conjectured to make subsequent parathyroidectomy more difficult. METHODS: The records of 37 patients with end-stage renal disease managed between September 2000 and August 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. ...
Youssef Tamer - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to compare the use of conventional knot tying vs. LigaSuretrade mark Vessel Sealing System (Valley Lab, Boulder, CO) in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. We hypothesized that use of the LigaSure would reduce operating time while resulting in a similar rate of complications. METHODS: ...
Chang Eli L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for treating disfiguring thyroid-related orbitopathy by bony decompression into the temporal fossa and to analyze results. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series with description of a surgical technique. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with disfiguring thyroid-related orbitopathy undergoing decompression into the temporal fossa with the described technique. ...
Lin Jen-Der - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Subtotal thyroidectomy or lobectomy without radioactive iodide ((131)I) treatment is sufficient for postoperative treatment of incidental papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Aggressive surgical treatment with (131)I therapy is indicated for nonincidental PTMC. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 335 PTMC patients who received primary thyroid surgical treatment and long-term ...
Ramos Ricard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In this study, patients treated by thoracoscopic sympathicolysis for palmar hyperhidrosis were evaluated to determine the number and response of sweat glands to intradermal acetylcholine stimulus. METHODS: A total of 30 patients were included in the study. Group A consisted of 10 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis who underwent thoracoscopic ...
Toniato Antonio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to identify patients at high risk of developing hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy on the basis of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) level on the first postoperative day. METHODS: We included 160 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy in a period of 6 months by the same ...
Guerrero Marlon A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid cryopreservation is used for potential autografting in patients who are rendered hypocalcemic following surgery. Cryopreservation employs multiple resources and carries a significant cost for processing and storage of tissue. Importantly, the length of time that parathyroid tissue remains functional after cryopreservation is not known. The goal of our ...
Schlosser Katja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Renal hyperparathyroidism (rHPT) almost inevitably develops in pediatric patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may require parathyroidectomy (PTX) despite intensified conservative therapy. Long-term duration of uncontrolled rHPT may result in disabling osteodystrophy and vascular calcifications. Only a few reports on children undergoing PTX for rHPT are available ...
BarczyƄski Marcin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay (IOPTH) has been suggested to have value in predicting the development of postoperative hypoparathyroidism after thyroid surgery. IOPTH has been validated in identification of patients at risk of postoperative hypocalcemia requiring early onset of calcium supplementation therapy and in improving selection of patients eligible for ...
Cavicchi Ottavio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of the intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) and 6-hour PTH (6hPTH) assay in predicting transient hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A nonrandomized prospective study was conducted on patients undergoing thyroid surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Of 138 patients undergoing thyroid surgery, intraoperative PTH was measured 10 minutes ...
Turgut Ozlem Kaya - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of hypothyroidism after treatment of laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer (LHC), and evaluated its relationship with treatment modalities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thyroid functions of 42 patients (41 males, 1 female; mean age 58 years; range 35 to 81 years) undergoing surgical treatment with (74%) or without ...
Cho Seung Hyun - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Sonography-guided OK-432 sclerotherapy is effective and safe, and offers a useful alternative treatment for benign thyroid cysts in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To review the results of sonography guided OK-432 sclerotherapy for benign thyroid cysts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The details of 20 patients who registered at our institute from December ...
Toker Alper - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Videothoracoscopic learning curve is known to vary among different surgeons, and may be influenced by patients and various situations. We aimed to analyze the learning curve of a surgeon in videothoracoscopic thymic surgery for myasthenia gravis. METHODS: This is a descriptive single-center study using collected clinical data from 90 ...
Tunca Fatih - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether radioguided surgery (RGS) has any beneficial effects on the complication rates and the completeness of completion thyroidectomy (CT) in a center experienced in endocrine surgery. METHODS: Thirty-three patients scheduled for CT for thyroid carcinoma were randomly selected for 2 types of intervention. CT was performed by ...
Medeiros-Neto Geraldo - - 2008
Radioiodine ((131)I) treatment for nontoxic and toxic multinodular goiter (MNG) is an alternative therapeutic procedure used especially for patients with contraindication for surgery. Several studies have been conducted in recent years assessing the use of recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) in increasing (131)I uptake in MNGs. This procedure also decreases the ...
Toniato Antonio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing morbidity after total thyroidectomy for carcinoma, such as the histotype, the extension of surgery, the primary surgery versus reoperation, and the surgeon's experience. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) injury and permanent hypoparathyroidism ...
Danzi Sara - - 2008
Thyroid hormone deficiency has been recognized and treated with various forms of thyroid hormone replacement over the last century. Since the 1950s, synthetic L-thyroxine has been the therapy of choice. However, there is now recognition that the currently available regimens for the treatment of hypothyroidism may not adequately address the ...
Hassan Iyad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of Lugol's Iodine (LI) on angiogenic characteristics and postthyroidectomy morbidity in patients with Graves' Disease (GD). METHODS: Medical records of 153 patients, who underwent thyroidectomies for GD between 1987 and 2006 were reviewed. LI in addition to antithyroid drugs (ATD) was administered to 16 toxic ...
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