Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1404
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Fast Søren - - 2010
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stimulation with recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) before radioiodine (131I) therapy augments goiter volume reduction (GVR). Observations indicate that rhTSH has a preconditioning effect beyond increasing thyroid (131)I uptake. We test the hypothesis that an equivalent GVR might be obtained by an absorbed thyroid dose well below what ...
Barczyński Marcin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of recurrent nodular goiter in the contralateral thyroid lobe among patients after unilateral thyroid lobectomy for unilateral multinodular goiter (MNG) receiving versus not receiving postoperative prophylactic levothyroxine (LT4) treatment. METHODS: From January 2000 through December 2003, 150 consenting patients ...
Barczyński Marcin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The extent of thyroid resection in multinodular nontoxic goiter (MNG) is controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate results of various thyroid resection modes, with special emphasis put on the recurrence rate and morbidity rate, in a 5-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 01/2000 through 12/2003, ...
Del Rio P - - 2010
There are no common guidelines to identify the population at risk to develop hypocalcemia preoperatively or early in the postoperative course in thyroidectomized patients, therefore the authors suggest to examine the PTH value preoperatively. We divided 391 patients in two groups according to the preoperative PTH level (normal, ≤ 72 ...
Moo Tracy-Ann - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the role of prophylactic central neck lymph node dissection (CNLD) in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is controversial, many surgeons perform routine prophylactic CNLD. The present study compares local recurrence rates in PTC patients undergoing total thyroidectomy with and without prophylactic CNLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Miccoli Paolo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventional techniques for hemostasis during thyroidectomy rely on knot tying, clips, and electrocoagulation. Recently, the Harmonic FOCUS Shear (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc, Cincinnati, OH) was developed for thyroidectomy. METHODS: Between December 2007 and March 2008, 62 consecutive patients (45 women, 17 men; mean age 50.9 years) undergoing thyroidectomy were randomized ...
Wang Ren-fei - - 2010
(131)I therapy is recognized as the simplest, safest, least expensive, and most effective treatment, and accepted by more and more patients. However its curative effect is influenced by many factors, therefore there are some difficulties for doctors to establish individual treatment strategy. The aims of this study were to determine ...
Lang Brian Hung-Hin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Concurrent vitamin D(3) deficiency is common in primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). We aimed to examine the clinicopathologic features and short-term outcomes of vitamin D(3)-deficient patients after minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). METHODS: Over 2-year period, 80 consecutive MIP patients had preoperative-fasting 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25OHD(3)) checked. Forty-five patients had a 25OHD(3) level ...
Besic Nikola - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) may arise de novo or from a preexistent differentiated carcinoma. It is well known that higher iodine intake in the diet causes higher frequency of papillary thyroid carcinoma, but decreases the frequency of follicular thyroid carcinoma. However, it is not known how the change in ...
Wilhelm Scott M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Graves' disease is most commonly treated with radioiodine, yet thyroidectomy remains an important option for correcting hyperthyroidism. In many countries, limited access to thyroid hormone makes subtotal thyroidectomy the procedure of choice. In the United States, where levothyroxine is widely available, we hypothesized that total ...
Agasthian Thirugnanam - - 2010
We reviewed our experience of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for myasthenia gravis and thymomas in 119 patients, aged 12-83 years, who were treated between 1998 and 2007. Disease severity was graded using the Osserman classification. To prevent rupture of the tumor capsule and tumor seeding, thymomas were resected using a modified ...
Shindo Maisie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative complications between patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (TT) with central compartment lymph node dissection (CLND) and those who underwent only TT. DESIGN: Retrospective medical chart review. SETTING: Academic tertiary center. PATIENTS: The CLND group consisted of 122 patients with a preoperative or an intraoperative diagnosis ...
Mazzaglia Peter J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels is commonly seen in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) who have undergone parathyroidectomy. This study evaluates differences in 2-week postoperative PTH levels in patients having focused-approach surgery versus four-gland exploration. METHODS: Over 6 years, patients at Rhode Island Hospital (RIH) and the Cleveland ...
Fish S A - - 2010
AIM: We evaluated the efficacy of two doses of I-131 (2220 MBq versus 3700 MBq) after thyroid hormone withdrawal for thyroid remnant ablation postoperatively in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). METHODS: A total of 133 patients with DTC were studied retrospectively. Group 1 (N.=48) included patients with a primary ...
Lee Jandee - - 2010
Robotic thyroidectomy using a gasless transaxillary approach, first described in 2008, has become popular. This study compared outcomes, including postoperative distress and patient satisfaction, for patients undergoing robotic thyroidectomy with those for patients treated by conventional open thyroidectomy. Of 84 prospectively enrolled patients, 41 underwent robotic thyroidectomy (the robot group), ...
Shen Wen T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The role of routine prophylactic central-neck lymph node dissection (CLND) for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains controversial. We perform CLND for PTC only in patients with enlarged nodes as determined by preoperative ultrasound and intraoperative inspection and palpation. METHODS: We identified all patients with PTC who underwent CLND during ...
de Andrade Sousa Alexandre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to investigate the course of ionized calcium after thyroidectomy and to define a cut-off value that indicates symptoms of hypocalcemia. METHODS: The sample included 333 patients undergoing thyroidectomy at the University Hospital of UFMG between September 2000 and December 2005. Ionized calcium ...
Barberet Virginie - - 2010
Ultrasonography is useful for assessing the morphology of the thyroid gland in hyperthyroid cats. Our aim was to describe the ultrasonographic changes of the thyroid gland in hyperthyroid cats after 131I therapy. Ultrasonography was performed in 15 hyperthyroid cats at initial presentation and 6 months after 131I using a multifrequency ...
Morris G Stephen GS Department of Rehabilitation Services, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that parathyroidectomy would improve functional/physical capacity, an underlying determinant of the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), in older patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). PHPT patients often present with nonspecific, subjective symptoms including proximal muscle weakness, fatigue, and reduced physical functional. Although qualitative ...
García-Talavera Paloma - - 2010
Patients with concomitant thyroid pathology are usually excluded from minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP). We assessed the value in these patients of the gamma probe, alone or in combination with other techniques, in MIRP and unilateral or bilateral approaches. We evaluated its performance in association with intraoperative determination of intact ...
Yeh Jiann-Horng - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of plasmapheresis on sleep in patients with generalized myasthenia gravis and no respiratory symptoms. Seven myasthenia gravis patients, four women and three men, aged 24-52 years, underwent plasmapheresis treatment because of recent worsening of clinical weakness and poor response to ...
El-Kaissi Samer - - 2010
To investigate the role of radioactive iodine (RAI) in the onset and progression of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Forty-six Graves' disease patients with mild or no ophthalmopathy were prospectively treated with carbimazole (CBZ) (n = 22) or RAI (n = 24). Treatment effects were evaluated clinically over 12 months, and with ...
Del Rio P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mininvasive surgical techniques have been proposed to treat the patients affected by parathyroid adenoma starting by endoscopically-assisted parathyroidectomy up to video-assisted and radio-guided approaches. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our technique, minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP), in accord with Miccoli's technique, has been introduced in our center since 2006 after extensive ...
Stepansky Albert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypocalcemia following thyroid and parathyroid surgery is a well-recognized potential complication. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of intraoperative quick parathormone assay in predicting severe hypocalcemia development following parathyroidectomy for a single-gland adenoma causing primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. IO-QPTH values were measured at time 0 ...
Al-Shanafey Saud - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT) is a rare disease that presents early with severe hypercalcemia. We reviewed our experience with NSHPT management at a tertiary-care institution. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients managed for NSHPT over the last 10 years. Demographic, clinical, and follow-up data were collected, ...
Schreinemakers Jennifer M J - - 2010
BACKGROUND Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is caused by a RET mutation in chromosome 10. All MEN 2 patients develop medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The age-related risk of MTC is associated with the type of RET mutation. Our aim was to identify prognostic factors associated with recurrent MTC ...
Baek Jung Hwan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation of benign predominantly solid thyroid nodules by comparing the findings in treatment and control groups. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with normal thyroid function, each with a benign predominantly (> 50%) solid thyroid nodule causing pressure ...
Vulpio Carlo - - 2010
Cinacalcet efficacy is limited in severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its effect on parathyroid gland (PTG) volume and morphology have not been sufficiently investigated. We evaluated the effect of cinacalcet treatment for one year on the laboratory parameters of calcium-phosphorus metabolism and PTG ultrasound (US) patterns in hemodialysis (HD) patients ...
Musa A A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the necessity and benefits of the use of drains and their limitations in thyroidectomy and assess their relationship with cost of surgery and hospital stay. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomised study on 67 patients divided into two groups. A consisted of 35 patients with drain and ...
Kobe Carsten - - 2010
AIM: The use of radioiodine therapy is common in the treatment of benign thyroid disease. Council directive Euratom 97/43 requires that for all medical exposure of individuals for radiotherapeutic purposes exposures of target volumes should be individually planned. There are several strategies to accomplish this aim for radioiodine therapy including ...
Albino C C - - 2010
Recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) reduces the activity of radioiodine required to treat multinodular goiter (MNG), but acute airway compression can be a life-threatening complication. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we assessed the efficacy and safety (including airway compression) of different doses of rhTSH associated with a fixed activity ...
Schaefer Betti - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is an essential contributor to bone disease and cardiovascular calcifications in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pharmacological and dietary interventions are of limited efficacy; calcimimetics are not yet recommended in children. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is ultimately performed if HPT becomes refractory to conservative measures; the long-term results ...
De Fiori E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Thyroid nodules are commonly encountered in clinical practice, and ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the gold standard in diagnosing the pathological nature of undetermined thyroid nodules. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether operator experience influences the diagnostic accuracy of US-guided FNAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Borot Sophie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The functionality of cryopreserved parathyroid autotransplantation (CPAT) has been evaluated in few studies, mostly conducted by experienced single-institution centers that have reported different success rates ranging from 17% to 83%. In France, CPAT are rare and their functionality has never been evaluated. Moreover, French tissue banks are facing an ...
Razvi Salman - - 2010
CONTEXT: The Whickham Survey evaluated vascular events over 20 yr in community-dwelling subjects stratified by thyroid function and thyroid autoantibody status. No association between ischemic heart disease (IHD) and a composite autoimmune thyroid disease group, comprising individuals with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), with positive thyroid antibodies or those using levothyroxine, was ...
Zielinski Marcin - - 2010
This study aims to analyse the effectiveness of treatment of myasthenia gravis with three different techniques of thymectomy. Results of complete remission rates after 5-year follow-up of 60 patients who underwent basic transsternal thymectomies (group A) from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 1997, 75 patients who underwent extended transsternal ...
Alesina Pier Francesco - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One of the keystones in surgery of the thyroid gland is accurate hemostasis. This can be achieved by conventional ligations or new instruments as harmonic scissors or bipolar devices. In the present study, we report our experience with a new bipolar thermofusion vessel sealing system (TVS) compared to conventional ...
Lee Jandee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few reports have examined the use of recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) for ablation of postsurgical thyroid remnants after low-dose radioactive iodine (RI) therapy, compared with conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal. We investigated whether patient preparation using rhTSH was comparable to conventional thyroid hormone withdrawal with respect to efficacy of ...
Bolasco Piergiorgio - - 2010
The aims of your case report is to show the predictivity of (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) scintigraphy and doppler ultrasound imaging on secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in a patient responsive to calcimimetic treatment. Moreover, it has been reported that calcimimetic has great potential in reducing the volume of the parathyroid gland. On the ...
Benavides Valeria C - - 2010
We describe acute myopathy following I-131 treatment for hyperthyroidism due to Graves Disease (GD) in an adolescent. A 15 year-old diagnosed with GD required treatment with radioactive iodine (I-131) therapy. Six weeks post I-131, he developed generalized muscle cramps. The CK was 19.800 U/L, the total thyroxine was 2.3 mcg/dL (29.6 nmol/L SI) ...
Cesareo Roberto - - 2010
The levothyroxine suppressive efficacy in benign thyroid nodules treatment is well described in uninodular non-toxic goiter, whereas only few controlled trials enrolled patients with multinodular disease. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the short term effects of levothyroxine treatment in never treated, pre-menopausal women affected by thyroid ...
Sugino Kiminori - - 2010
We analyzed the utility of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring in minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). The subjects were the 167 consecutive patients with pHPT performed initial operation with or without IOPTH between January 2000 and December 2006. Patients were divided into 2 groups. A group who underwent ...
Vaiman Michael - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the rates of postsurgical complications following a primary and completed thyroidectomy for multinodular goiter (MNG). METHODS: A total of 7123 cases of thyroidectomy in two hospitals from 1990 to 2007 (n = 3834 [53.83%] total [TT], n = 2238 [31.42%] subtotal [ST], and n = 1051 [14.75%] ...
Demirci H - - 2010
Thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy (TFNAB) is the gold standard in the differential diagnosis of the thyroid nodules. In general, no analgesia is needed before this procedure. However, it is usually believed that the patients may be more comfortable if the procedure is performed under local anaesthetics. In this study, ...
Kukulska Aleksandra - - 2010
The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of 131I therapy between three groups of DTC patients who received 30, 60 or 100 mCi for thyroid remnant ablation after total thyroidectomy and were postoperatively judged with low risk of cancer recurrence. The project was designed as a two-stage, ...
Oszukowska Lidia - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The effects of selected drugs (see below) on the efficacy of ((131)I) radioiodine therapy were examined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 200 hyperthyroid patients, treated with radioactive iodine. They were divided into five groups (40 persons in each). In Group I - patients were administered (131)I and thiamazole; ...
Boulton Jeremy - - 2010
This is an enquiry into how eighteenth-century London's Bills of Mortality were compiled. It concludes that while they remain tolerably accurate in aggregate, particularly when considered over a number of years, they are liable to be very misleading if particular localities or parishes are considered. They are a record of ...
Youssef Tamer - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, risk factors and clinical relevance of incidental parathyroidectomy during thyroidectomy. METHODS: A total of 207 consecutive patients with benign and malignant thyroid disorders undergoing unilateral or bilateral thyroidectomy were included prospectively in the present study. Patients were divided into two groups according to incidental parathyroidectomy. ...
Levy Joshua M - - 2010
Mycophenolate mofetil is a recently identified therapy for disorders associated with systemic fibrosis, but has never been reported in the treatment of Reidel's thyroiditis. We report the first case of Reidel's thyroiditis that became resectable after treatment with mycophenolate and prednisone. A 27-year-old woman presented to an outside hospital with ...
Alabdulkarim Yousof - - 2010
The proper localization of a hypersecreting parathyroid gland is of vital importance for successful unilateral neck exploration (UNE) and parathyroidectomy. In this study we aim to evaluate the (99mTc) sestamibi parathyroid scan as a single localizing modality, and we also assess its relation to the weight of the gland and ...
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