Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1403
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Sugita Hiroki - - 2012
The mortality rate of patients complicated with sepsis-associated organ failure remains high in spite of intensive care treatment. The purpose of this study was to define the duration of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) before organ failure (DSOF) and determine the value of DSOF as a prognostic factor in septic ...
W Eisenbeiß - - 2012
Moist wound treatment improves healing of skin graft donor site wounds. Microbial colonised wounds represent an increased risk of wound infection; while antimicrobially active, topical antiseptics may impair epithelialization. The aim of this prospective randomised controlled clinical trial was to examine the influence of an Octenidine-dihydrochloride (OCT) hydrogel on bacterial ...
Villarroel Aurora A Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, 158 Magruder Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2012
A 5-year-old dairy goat was presented seven weeks post cesarean section for incomplete healing of the incision site. Cytology revealed cryptococcal organisms that were confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control as Cryptococcus gattii type VGIIa. Most cryptococcomas were surgically removed, but some penetrated deep in to the muscular layers ...
- - 2011
Through efforts of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), begun in 1988, indigenous transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) had been interrupted in all but four countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Nigeria) by 2006. Since 2002, a total of 39 previously polio-free countries experienced outbreaks following importation of WPV of Indian ...
Kurtz Steven M - - 2011
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is currently the international standard of care for treating degenerative and rheumatologic knee joint disease, as well as certain knee joint fractures. We sought to answer the following three research questions: (1) What is the international variance in primary and revision TKA rates around the world? ...
Moor James W - - 2011
Use of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) monitoring during total parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism is common, although its ability to predict long-term normoparathyroid state is not known. Prospective evaluation of 57 consecutive patients undergoing total parathyroidectomy for renal hyperparathyroidism with ioPTH monitoring and follow-up PTH assays were used to categorize the ...
Persson Anita - - 2011
The cardiovascular (CV) risk profile is worsened in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), and CV mortality is related to serum calcium levels. It is unknown whether CV mortality is increased in the most common form of PHPT and whether the increased CV risk is reversible after surgery. To investigate reversibility of echocardiographic ...
Hirose Mamiko - - 2011
The spawning behavior and early embryogenesis of Palythoa tuberculosa (Anthozoa, Zoantharia) were observed in August 2009 off Okinawa Island, Japan. P. tuberculosa released zygotes just after high tide around new moon nights. The mean diameter of zygotes was 365.6 ± s.d.14.8 μm, and zygotes did not contain any symbiotic algae ...
Schouten Belinda J BJ Department of Endocrinology, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2011
Individuals with endogenous subclinical thyrotoxicosis (SCT) may subsequently require treatment for overt disease. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of progression to hyperthyroidism and factors influencing this outcome. This is a retrospective analysis of outcome in 96 consecutive patients (aged 16-91 years) diagnosed with SCT over a 6-year period. Individuals ...
Akarsu Ersin - - 2011
Recent evidence has shown that oxidative stress may play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, and this is an issue of considerable research interest in the field of infiltrative ophthalmopathy. Therefore, we evaluated both the relationship between Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and serum levels of certain indicators of oxidative ...
Anaya-Ayala Javier E - - 2011
To describe and increase understanding of the brachial-basilic vein anatomy that could impact planning of long-term hemodialysis access procedures. Preoperative vein mapping was conducted in a cross-sectional, observational study in end-stage renal disease patients from August 2005 to May 2010. "Traditional" anatomic description with basilic-brachial junction at the axillary level ...
Tran Huy A - - 2010
To assess the frequency of new thyroid disease, in patients who did not develop thyroid disease during treatment with interferon-α in combination with ribavirin for hepatitis C, during the 6-month period after the end of therapy. A prospective study was performed in 190 patients who underwent a combination of interferon-α ...
Spillane J - - 2010
Background The role of thymectomy in the management of MG continues to be debated. In the absence of an adequate RCT, it is essential to review clinical experience. Aim To perform a 10&emsp14;year audit of cases of thymectomy for MG in a tertiary referral centre. Methods Medical case notes of ...
Sitges-Serra A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the variables that influence the development of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia are now better understood, the risk factors and long-term outcome of persistent hypoparathyroidism (HPP) are poorly defined. A retrospective review of a prospective protocol for the management of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia was performed. METHODS: Patients with a serum calcium level ...
VanDerhei Jack - - 2010
CONSISTENT SAMPLE: Because 401(k) balances can fluctuate with market returns from year to year, meaningful analysis of 401(k) plans must examine how participants' accounts have performed over the long term. Looking at consistent participants in the EBRI/ICI 401(k) database over the six-year period from 2003 to 2009 (which included one ...
Kumar Sudesh - - 2010
We conducted a retrospective study to determine the incidence and characteristics of submandibular gland hemangioma at our institution. We reviewed the records of all patients who had undergone submandibular gland excision from January 1998 through December 2006. We found a total of 230 such cases. Of these, submandibular gland hemangioma ...
Silberfein Eric J - - 2010
To evaluate and categorize the locations of missed parathyroid glands found during reoperative parathyroidectomy and to determine any factors associated with these locations. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary referral center. Fifty-four patients who underwent reoperative parathyroidectomy for persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism from January 1, 2005, through January 1, 2009. Location of ...
Kamer Erdinc - - 2010
Conventional thyroid surgery is one of the most common operations performed worldwide. The conventional technique involves placement of small or large cutaneous flaps. However, the published data regarding flap use for thyroidectomy are contradictory. This study presents the results using a flapless conventional thyroidectomy and the efficacy of this approach ...
Proust-Lemoine Emmanuelle - - 2011
Hypothyroidism can occur after radioiodine treatment for Graves' disease. It may happen precociously and transiently in the first year after treatment. The purpose of this study was to understand the mechanisms responsible for precocious hypothyroidism. 36 patients treated for Graves disease by radiodiodine were prospectively studied; The following variables were ...
Wang Tracy S TS Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. - - 2011
Few studies have examined the need for vitamin D supplementation after total thyroidectomy. This study examines the role of postoperative day (POD) 1 serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in predicting the need for long-term vitamin D supplementation after total thyroidectomy. A retrospective, single institutional study of patients who ...
Pesce Catherine E - - 2010
It is believed that patients who undergo thyroidectomy for Graves' disease are more likely to experience postoperative hypocalcemia than patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for other indications. However, no study has directly compared these two groups of patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was an increased ...
Promberger Regina - - 2010
Thyroidectomy continues to pose the risk of typical complications, including postoperative hypocalcemia and permanent hypoparathyroidism. The strategic decision on how to preserve parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion relies on assessing the viability of the parathyroid glands (PGs). The aim of this study was to assess parathyroid discoloration as an indicator for ...
Rosario Pedro Weslley - - 2011
This study investigated the value of postoperative stimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) combined with neck ultrasonography for the prediction of the posttherapy whole-body scanning (RxWBS) and the efficacy of ablation with 30 mCi ¹³¹I in patients with thyroid cancer and low risk of recurrence to identify those who do not require ablation or ...
Wang Zhong-He - - 2011
To observe the recovery of saliva output and effect on xerostomia grade after intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without contralateral submandibular gland (cSMG) sparing and to assess the impact of salivary gland dosimetry on this recovery among patients with head-and-neck cancer. Between May 2007 and May 2008, 52 patients with ...
Valcavi Roberto - - 2010
Percutaneous laser ablation (PLA) is a proposed therapeutic procedure for the management of benign thyroid nodules. However, long-term results are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the safety and effects of PLA treatment in patients with benign nonfunctioning thyroid nodules in a 3-year follow-up. One hundred ...
Cocchiara G - - 2010
To evaluate the impact of truncal versus terminal branch ligature of the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) on postoperative calcium and PTH plasma levels in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for multinodular goiter. A prospective randomized study was performed comparing a group of patients that underwent either truncal ligature of the ITA ...
Nacamulli Davide - - 2010
Objective  Our study aimed to investigate whether physiological doses of selenium (Se) influence the natural course of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). Design and Patients  A total of 76 consecutive patients (65F, 11M, median 43, range 15-75 years) with AIT, normal or slightly elevated TSH and fT4 within the normal range were divided ...
Fish S A - - 2010
We evaluated the efficacy of two doses of I-131 (2220 MBq versus 3700 MBq) after thyroid hormone withdrawal for thyroid remnant ablation postoperatively in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). A total of 133 patients with DTC were studied retrospectively. Group 1 (N.=48) included patients with a primary tumor less ...
Markogiannakis Haridimos - - 2011
Despite their safety and effectiveness in thyroid surgery, the previous harmonic scalpel instruments are considered large and cumbersome by several surgeons. An innovative technical improvement of the device has been made available since 2008. The objective of this study was to compare the results of total thyroidectomy using the new ...
Sanabria Alvaro - - 2011
Temporary hypocalcemia is a frequent complication after total thyroidectomy. Routine postoperative administration of vitamin D and calcium can reduce the incidence of symptomatic postoperative hypocalcemia. We undertook a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of this intervention. We identified randomized controlled trials comparing the administration of vitamin D or metabolites ...
Choo Young Kwang - - 2010
A major problem with antithyroid drug (ATD) therapy in Graves' disease is the high relapse rate. Therefore, clinicians have sought prognostic indicators of permanent remission. Suppression of serum thyrotropin (TSH) when ATD therapy is stopped carries a poor prognosis, but little is known regarding the significance of elevated serum TSH ...
BaƂdys-Waligórska Agata - - 2010
Introduction: A group of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients receiving post thyroidectomy rhTSH-aided radioiodine treatment (group I) was compared with patients treated with (131)I following endogenous stimulation of TSH (group II) after L-thyroxine withdrawal. Material and methods: Group I consisted of 66 patients of mean age 51.7 ± 16.2 years ...
Graff Adam T - - 2010
A 24- to 48-hour in-hospital observation period to monitor for hypocalcemia is common after total thyroidectomy. Because most thyroidectomy patients do not experience this potentially serious complication, investigators have searched for methods and clinical indicators that may help stratify thyroidectomy patients according to their risk of developing hypocalcemia and identify ...
Aspinall Sebastian R - - 2010
The affect of the surgical approach for primary hyperparathyroidism (1HPT) on long-term symptom relief has not been studied. This study compares the long-term relief of symptoms assessed by the Parathyroidectomy Assessment of Symptoms (PAS) score in patients undergoing bilateral neck exploration (BNE) and minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). In this case-control ...
Cannon Jennifer - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypercalcemic crisis is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication of markedly increased serum calcium concentrations most commonly due to severe primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism (HPT). METHODS: A review of 1,310 consecutive patients with severe sporadic HPT who underwent parathyroidectomy at a single institution from April 1970 through July 2009 was ...
Youngwirth Linda - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic hypocalcemia, the most common complication of total thyroidectomy, can lead to postoperative emergency room visits for laboratory testing and intravenous calcium infusion. A method to identify patients reliably at risk for postoperative hypocalcemia could allow prophylactic treatment to avoid this. We hypothesized that quick parathyroid hormone testing within 4 ...
Le Sueur Christophe - - 2010
The nematode Spirocerca lupi is a major canine parasite in warm regions of the world, classically causing parasitic nodules in the esophagus, aortic aneurysms, and spondylitis. This study evaluated the preventive efficacy of monthly treatment with imidacloprid 10%/moxidectin 2.5% spot-on (Advocate® for dogs) administered over a period of 9 months ...
Khan Muhammad Umar - - 2010
To evaluate the feasibility of using recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) in conjunction with ¹³¹I to treat patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Between July 2003 and April 2009, 14 patients [mean age, 39.1 years (range 14-71 years)], of whom seven were treated for remnant ablation and seven for irresectable or metastatic ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
Aims: To evaluate the role of the quantitative vascularization index (VI) as a measure of the completeness of percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT). Methods: A total of 37 dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism refractory to medical therapy received PEIT. We analyzed the role of a quantitative marker of parathyroid adenoma ...
Kara Melih - - 2010
The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive value of intraoperative parathormone measurement addressing successful surgical resection in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. The study included 42 consecutive patients operated on between May 2006 and July 2008. Patients were grouped according to successful surgery (Group 1, n = 36) ...
Höfling Danilo B - - 2010
Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) remains the most common cause of acquired hypothyroidism. There is currently no therapy that is capable of regenerating CAT-damaged thyroid tissue. The objective of this study was to gauge the value of applying low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in CAT patients based on both ultrasound studies (USs) ...
Fahad Al-Dhahri Saleh - - 2010
To evaluate the accuracy of measurement of different parathyroid hormone (PTH) and corrected calcium (cCa) levels at different times as early predictors of postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia. A retrospective cohort study. King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2006 and March 2009. Patients who underwent total or completion thyroidectomy were ...
Scerrino Gregorio - - 2010
Meticulous dissection and accurate hemostasis are required in thyroid surgery. The authors recently performed a number of thyroidectomies using a new device that combines heat and pressure for sealing and cutting tissue. A prospective randomized trial was conducted on 98 patients subjected to total thyroidectomy for benign disease: 49 patients ...
Gopinath Preethi - - 2010
Parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is followed by a decrease in the severity of symptoms reported on the Pasieka's parathyroid symptoms score (PPSS) and SF-36 questionnaires. Some argue that such benefits are short-lived. This study investigates the severity of symptoms at more than 12 months after parathyroidectomy. A prospective database ...
Sugitani Iwao - - 2010
TSH suppression therapy has been used to decrease thyroid cancer recurrence. However, validation of effects through studies providing a high level of evidence has been lacking. This single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial tested the hypothesis that disease-free survival (DFS) for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in patients without TSH suppression is ...
Durante Cosimo - - 2010
Most papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs; ≤ 1 cm diameter) are indolent low-risk tumors, but some cases behave more aggressively. Controversies have thus arisen over the optimum postoperative surveillance of PTMC patients. We tested the hypothesis that clinical criteria could be used to identify PTMC patients with very low mortality/recurrence risks ...
Calhan Turan - - 2010
We aimed to compare the prevalence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) and its subgroups between on-treatment (with anti-thyroid drugs; propylthiouracil, methimazole) and untreated patients with hyperthyroidism in our unit. Overall 78 consecutive patients were enrolled in the study; 45 patients were on-treatment (female/male 31:14) and 33 were newly diagnosed (female/male ...
Zetoune Tarek - - 2010
The effectiveness of prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) in the treatment of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to prevent local recurrence is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the effect of pCND on local recurrence in PTC. Exhaustive search of online search engines identified five retrospective studies that ...
Lee Jeong Hyun - - 2010
Although ethanol ablation (EA) is effective, refractory cases have been reported in 5-25% of patients, with a marked decline in efficacy on subsequent reattempt. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) after EA of benign thyroid nodules in patients with incompletely resolved initial ...
Moalem Jacob - - 2010
Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) is commonly used during minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Retrospective evidence suggested that hemolysis may artificially lower IOPTH results. Falsely decreased IOPTH measurements could result in either failed parathyroidectomy or unnecessary bilateral neck exploration. A total of 130 IOPTH specimens from 30 patients were assayed before and after ...
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