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Yokogawa Hideaki - - 2013
The purpose of this paper is to report our experience of Descemet's stripping and non-Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK/nDSAEK) for microcorneas using 6.0 mm donor grafts. Three eyes of two patients (a 56-year-old woman and a 59-year-old woman) with microcornea and suffering from bullous keratopathy were treated with either ...
Robinson Sean - - 2013
The utilization of autologous and allogeneic transfusions in total joint arthroplasties was to characterize patients who may benefit from giving preoperative blood donations. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 525 patients to document preoperative hematocrit, estimated blood loss, length of stay, transfusions, and medical comorbidities. Results of our review ...
Bansal Dinesh - - 2013
Measures to prevent chronic calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity have included limiting exposure by switching to sirolimus (SIR). SIR may favorably influence T regulator cell (Treg) population. This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of switching from CNI to SIR on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and Treg frequency. In this prospective ...
Karahan O - - 2013
Background: Experimental research into the viability and functionality of splenic tissue placed in the liver and the omentum.Methods: There were 4 groups in this study. First group: sham laparotomy, 2nd group: splenectomy, 3rd group: splenectomy and splenic autotransplantation into the greater omentum and 4th group: splenectomy and splenic autotransplantation into ...
Galkova K - - 2013
 Background: The main aim of the early treatment of polytrauma is recovery of patient's physiological functions. The early achievement of therapeutic goals, mainly adequate tissue perfusion and repayment of oxygen debt, are postulated. The aim of the study was to confirm whether blood lactate level as a quantifier of oxygen ...
Chihara Yuichi Y Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, - - 2013
Postoperative respiratory complications are a major cause of mortality following liver transplantation (LT). Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) appears to be effective for respiratory complications in patients undergoing solid organ transplantation; however, mortality has been high in patients who experienced reintubation in spite of NIV therapy. The predictors of reintubation following NIV ...
Davidson Andrew A Departments of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Christchurch, New - - 2013
Objective: To determine if the experimental (keratin-based) dressing accelerates epithelialization rates during healing of partial-thickness wounds, relative to a Standard Care dressing. Method: A randomized control trial was conducted using a Standard Care dressing side by side with the experimental dressing on a sample (n=26) of partial-thickness donor site wounds. ...
Hernandez Jorge L Reguero - - 2012
Donor sites from split-thickness skin grafts (STSG) impose significant pain on patients in the early postoperative period. We report the use of continuous local anesthetic infusion as a method for the management of postoperative STSG donor site pain. Patients undergoing single or dual, adjacent STSG harvest from the thigh (eight ...
Dika Emi - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: The management of surgical wounds of the donor areas for split thickness skin grafts might be difficult in terms of pain, risk of infection and delayed healing.Materials and Methods : In the period from September 2011 to June 2012 we treated 12 patients affected by large ulcerated basal ...
Wesley Carlos Knute - - 2012
Abstract Local administration of corticosteroids has been demonstrated to have both beneficial and detrimental effects on wound healing. The advantages of limiting localized edema must be weighed against corticosteroids' disadvantageous inhibition of the normal growth factor profile production that is essential for would healing. A single-center prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind ...
de Moura Júnior Nabor B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiologic characteristics of primary hyperhidrosis are not well understood and seem to be related to a sympathetic nervous system dysfunction. The resection of thoracic sympathetic chain ganglia is the most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis; however sympathetic ganglia function in normal individuals and in patients with hyperhidrosis is unknown. ...
Yoshii Toshitaka - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A prospective analysisObjective. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of new synthetic porous/dense composite hydroxyapatite (HA) for use in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Summary of Background Data. Iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) has been traditionally used as the golden standard for ACDF. The significant complication ...
Maffei S - - 2012
Whole-ovary cryopreservation followed by retransplantation with vascular anastomosis is a promising method to restore cancer-patient fertility. However, protocols need to be improved to minimize the damages related to an inadequate cooling rate caused by the large volume of whole organs. The aim of this study was to compare conventional slow-freezing ...
Papa F - - 2012
The aim of this study was to improve the spermatic kinetic parameters from stallions with poor quality of fresh and chilled semen by the use of density gradient Equipure™ (Nidacon, Mölndal, Sweden). Semen from 5 Quarter Horse stallions aged 8 and 16 years with history of low embryo recovery rates ...
Srivastava Anand A Senior Advisor (Surgery & Urology), Army Hospital (R&R), Delhi Cantt, - - 2013
To present the feasibility of lingual mucosal graft urethroplasty in anterior urethral strictures and appraisal of donor site morbidity. From November 2007 to December 2010, 14 patients underwent dorsal onlay lingual mucosal graft urethroplasty for anterior urethral strictures. Lingual mucosal graft was harvested from the lateral and undersurface of the ...
Verbeek L - - 2012
Objective: To estimate the differences in albumin levels between donors and recipients with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Methods: We performed a matched case-control study including twin pairs with TTTS treated conservatively (conservative group) or with fetoscopic laser surgery (laser group) and analyzed the albumin levels at birth in donor and ...
Kaseje Neema - - 2012
Introduction With the rising demand for liver transplantations (LTs), and the shortage of organs, extended criteria including donor hypernatremia have been adopted to increase the donor pool. Currently, there is conflicting evidence on the effect of donor hypernatremia on outcomes following LT. Our aim was to investigate differences in outcome in ...
Burton Douglas C - - 2012
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Hydroxyapatite-calcium triphosphate (HCT) biphasic compounds are known to be efficacious in filling bone voids. No large study to date has assessed their radiographic efficacy in iliac crest voids with computed tomography (CT) analysis at a 2-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To assess whether backfilling iliac crest defects with HCT biphasic ...
Zhong Toni - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a peripheral nerve block of T6-L1 intercostal nerves of the abdominal wall. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of intermittent TAP blockade for the first two postoperative days following free muscle sparing-transverse rectus abdominis muscle (MS-TRAM) or deep ...
Doi Asako - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are on the increase. Although cefmetazole is stable in vitro against the hydrolyzing activity of ESBLs, no clinical study has ever evaluated its role in infections caused by these organisms. We therefore evaluated the efficacy of cefmetazole compared to ...
Woodward Maria A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: To assess the relationship of graft thickness (GT) with visual acuity in patients who have undergone Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). METHODS:: We performed a retrospective chart review of all DSAEK patients who had anterior segment optical coherence tomography imaging. Donor tissue characteristics and clinical information were obtained ...
Liu Jian - - 2012
The present study was performed in China to compare the efficacy and safety of an advanced wound dressing made of crystalline cellulose (Veloderm) to a conventional treatment three of Vaseline gauze in the management of skin donor sites of burns or reconstructive plastic surgery. In this prospective, multicenter, open-labeled, randomized ...
Souviat C - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the variation over 5 years of functional discomfort associated with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repaired by sacrospinous ligament fixation (SLF). A total of 178 women who had undergone SLF from 1992 to 2001. In 2002 and 2008, patients were sent a questionnaire ...
Tsoulfas G - - 2012
The goal of this study was to review the results of 279 laparoscopic living donor nephrectomies (LLDN) regarding outcomes of using the left or the right kidney. Among 279 patients who underwent LLDN between August 1998 and April 2009, 260 underwent a left (group L) and 19, a right (group ...
Sanchez Pablo G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the effects of prearrest heparin administration on lung quality in a model of donation after cardiac death (DCD), and to assess the potential application of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) in the identification of better grafts from the DCD donor pool. METHODS:: Cardiac death was induced by ...
Anusionwu Ifeanyi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Bladder exstrophy is a major congenital anomaly involving defects in the genitourinary tract and pelvic musculoskeletal system. It appears intuitive that closure of the pelvic ring using osteotomy would be associated with a decreased risk of pelvic organ prolapse. We investigated whether osteotomy is associated with a decreased risk ...
Lyall D A M DA Tennent Institute of Ophthalmology, Gartnavel General Hospital, Glasgow, UK. - - 2012
To describe the incidence, features, management, and risk factors of post-intravitreal anti-VEGF endophthalmitis (PIAE) in patients undergoing treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration in the United Kingdom. Prospective observational case control study. Forty-seven cases of PIAE were identified through the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit from January 2009 to March 2010. ...
Hernández-Palazón J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To identify the organs most susceptible to develop multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in patients with sepsis due to secondary peritonitis, and to determine the outcome and mortality predicting utility of the SOFA (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment) system. DESIGN: A prospective, observational cohort study was made. SETTING: The resuscitation unit ...
Sakarya Rabia - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the ocular penetration of daptomycin, a new antibiotic agent targeted against Gram-positive organisms. Methods: Thirty-two New Zealand white rabbits were divided into 4 equal groups. One drop of 50 μL 1% daptomycin was administered to group 1. In group 2, 1 drop of 1% daptomycin was administered ...
Maarouf A M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare surgical outcomes and donor site complications of buccal and lingual mucosa used as ventral onlay graft for complex hypospadias cases. PATIENTS & METHODS: Forty four cases with complex hypospadias after failed previous surgery were prospectively included. All had severely scarred penile skin with reasonable residual urethral plate. ...
Danielsen Patricia L - - 2012
The recovery of skin function and appearance after harvest of split-thickness skin autografts is incompletely described. We followed the kinetics of skin restoration after a partial-thickness skin excision relative to adjacent normal skin over 12 months. Standardized donor site wounds were made on the thigh using a pneumatic dermatome in ...
Lin H-C - - 2012
To report the surgical outcome of tectonic graft using glycerol-preserved donor corneas to treat perforated keratitis. The medical records were reviewed of all patients treated for perforated keratitis using glycerol-preserved corneas at a single institution between 1 July 2004 and 31 June 2010. The clinical features, precipitating factors, adjuvant therapies, ...
Gresele Paolo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is almost invariably associated with a generalized atherosclerotic involvement of the arterial tree and endothelial dysfunction. Previous short-term studies showed improvement of vascular reactivity and walking capacity in PAD patients by measures aimed at restoring nitric oxide (NO) production. NO is also known to prevent ...
Bisigniano L - - 2012
With improvements in short-term kidney graft and patient survival, focus has shifted to understand patient and graft features that affect long-term survival. This retrospective analysis from January 1998 to December 2009 employed Kaplan-Meier analysis to evaluate survival ratios at 30 days as well as 1, 5, and 10 years. A ...
Cha Han Gyu - - 2012
The most common complication of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in breast reconstruction is seroma formation in the back. Many clinical studies have shown that fibrin sealant reduces seroma formation. We investigated any statistically significant differences in postoperative drainage and seroma formation when utilizing the fibrin sealant on the site of ...
Shin In Soo - - 2012
The extended latissimus dorsi flap is important for breast reconstruction. Unfortunately, donor site seroma is the most common complication of extended latissimus dorsi flap for breast reconstruction. Although using fibrin sealant in the donor site reduces the rate of seroma formation, donor site seroma remains a troublesome complication. The purpose ...
Quirk William W U.S. Healthcare Practice, Hay Group, Atlanta, USA. - - 2012
Long-term incentives allow organizations to reward certain executives for performance without increasing base salaries or annual incentives. When designing long-term incentive packages, organizations should: Focus primarily on strategic goals spanning multiple years. Ensure that long-term goals are supportive, yet not duplicative of annual goals. Balance financial imperatives with longer-term quality ...
Hamuryudan Vedat - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The numbers and recurrence rates of mucocutaneous manifestations can be highly variable among patients with Behçet's syndrome (BS) but it is not known whether these differences influence the disease course at the long-term. METHODS: We evaluated the outcome of 30 patients that made up the placebo arm of a ...
Park Ji Young - - 2012
High-dose aspirin has been reported to aggravate coronary artery spasm (CAS). However, it is unknown whether low-dose aspirin (LDA; 100mg) has deleterious impact on CAS. We assessed the impact of LDA on CAS induced by intracoronary acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test. A total of 2789 consecutive patients without significant coronary artery ...
Ghirelli-Filho Milton - - 2012
Objective: To determine the influence of the concentration of oval spermatozoa according to the strict morphology criterion in men with normal sperm concentration following the World Health Organization criteria on the results of classic IVF. Materials and Methods: Based on review of patient charts, this study included infertile couples presenting ...
Schölch Daniel - - 2012
Cryopreservation of whole organs has become increasingly successful in recent years, and establishing reliable methods for confirming the success of specific cryopreservation procedures has therefore become extremely important. On the assumption that methods such as histological evaluation do not provide definitive evidence of long-term cryopreservation and that clear signs of ...
Lorenzi Bruno - - 2012
: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is recommended in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. Studies have suggested that chemoradiotherapy adversely affects anorectal function. However, the functional implication and the underlying neuromyogenic changes involved in radiation-induced damage are poorly understood. : This study evaluated the functional changes following chemoradiotherapy on the internal ...
Linstedt U - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Use of a single bolus of a hypnotic together with non-depolarizing muscle relaxants for anaesthesia induction may cause inappropriate light levels of anaesthesia (ILLA). The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of ILLA during anaesthesia induction using either cis-atracurium (CIS) or succinylcholine (SUC). METHODS: Patients (n = 65) ...
Ponikowski Piotr - - 2012
Acute heart failure (AHF) remains a major public health burden with a high prevalence and poor prognosis. Relaxin is a naturally occurring peptide hormone that increases cardiac output, arterial compliance, and renal blood flow during pregnancy. The RELAX-AHF-1 study will evaluate the effect of RLX030 (recombinant form of human relaxin ...
Potocká D - - 2012
Backround: This paper presents the results of the first part of the clinical study of temporary biosynthetic dermal skin substitute based a on collagen and hyaluronic acid, named Coladerm H/HM. The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and effects of Coladerm H/HM in covering the split-thickness skin graft ...
Sugita Hiroki - - 2012
The mortality rate of patients complicated with sepsis-associated organ failure remains high in spite of intensive care treatment. The purpose of this study was to define the duration of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) before organ failure (DSOF) and determine the value of DSOF as a prognostic factor in septic ...
W Eisenbeiß - - 2012
Moist wound treatment improves healing of skin graft donor site wounds. Microbial colonised wounds represent an increased risk of wound infection; while antimicrobially active, topical antiseptics may impair epithelialization. The aim of this prospective randomised controlled clinical trial was to examine the influence of an Octenidine-dihydrochloride (OCT) hydrogel on bacterial ...
Villarroel Aurora A Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, 158 Magruder Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2012
A 5-year-old dairy goat was presented seven weeks post cesarean section for incomplete healing of the incision site. Cytology revealed cryptococcal organisms that were confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control as Cryptococcus gattii type VGIIa. Most cryptococcomas were surgically removed, but some penetrated deep in to the muscular layers ...
- - 2011
Through efforts of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), begun in 1988, indigenous transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) had been interrupted in all but four countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Nigeria) by 2006. Since 2002, a total of 39 previously polio-free countries experienced outbreaks following importation of WPV of Indian ...
Kurtz Steven M - - 2011
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is currently the international standard of care for treating degenerative and rheumatologic knee joint disease, as well as certain knee joint fractures. We sought to answer the following three research questions: (1) What is the international variance in primary and revision TKA rates around the world? ...
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