Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1364
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Kurukahvecioglu Osman - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate routine oral calcium and vitamin D administration for preventing symptoms of hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 487 consecutive patients were prospectively randomized into two groups in terms of routine oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation: In the control group (244 patients) the ...
Buscemi S - - 2007
Although subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCH) has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiac arrhythmias, its treatment is still controversial. This study was designed as a prospective, randomized, intervention, control-study with a 1-year follow-up in order to investigate whether normalization of serum TSH in SCH using methimazole has favorable bone ...
Menconi Francesca - - 2007
Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is probably caused by autoimmune reactions against autoantigen(s) shared by thyroid and orbital tissues sustained by intrathyroidal autoreactive T-lymphocytes infiltrating the orbit. Total thyroid ablation (TTA) may be beneficial for GO through removal of shared antigen(s) and autoreactive T-lymphocytes, but randomized studies are lacking. Our objective was ...
Karges Beate - - 2007
CONTEXT: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have an increased risk of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether levothyroxine (l-T(4)) treatment prevents the clinical manifestation of AIT in euthyroid subjects with T1D. DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a prospective, randomized, open, controlled clinical trial at six ...
Alfadda Assim - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical and biochemical features of Graves' disease at presentation predict response to medical and radioiodine treatment. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective 10-year study of 194 consecutive Saudi subjects with Graves' disease who were treated with antithyroid drugs, radioiodine therapy, or both, between January 1995 and ...
Ahluwalia S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the need for suction drainage after elective thyroid and parathyroid surgery. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients requiring elective thyroid or parathyroid surgery were recruited and informed consent was obtained (n = 100). Before wound closure, patients were randomised into either group A ...
Hyer S - - 2007
AIMS: Salivary gland toxicity is a common, but not widely appreciated, adverse effect of high-dose radioiodine (131I). This study was carried out to determine the incidence of symptoms of salivary gland damage after 131I treatment for differentiated thyroid cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 76 consecutive ...
Saint Marc Olivier - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: Occurrence of adverse effects and advantages of the LigaSure diathermy system (or LigaSure vessel sealing system) in total thyroidectomy have not been tested in prospective randomized studies comparing its use with that of the time-saving clamp-and-tie technique to ligate and divide thyroid vessels. The effectiveness of LigaSure in achieving ...
Sağlam Halil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is expected to be elevated in iodine-deficient areas. In this study, the authors aimed to determine the incidence of transient and permanent CH in a large city which is known to be in the zone of moderate iodine deficiency. METHODS: Newborn babies in ...
Kweon Kyoung Hee - - 2007
Hypothyroidism has various cardiovascular manifestation and exhibits electrocardiographic change. The QT dispersion on surface ECG reflects regional variations in myocardial repolarization. The effect of L-thyroxine treatment on ECG parameters, such as QT dispersion, in patients with primary hypothyroidism were investigated. This study involved 18 patients (3 men, 15 women, ages: ...
Erbil Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary clinic. PARTICIPANTS: From September 1990 to September 2005, 3250 consecutive patients who had a thyroidectomy for treatment of various thyroid diseases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The rates of ...
Cakar Ferguel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the surgical approach on surgical and neurologic outcomes after extended thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the institutional extended thymectomies for myasthenia gravis within the last decade was performed. Patients of group A (open access ...
Junik Roman - - 2007
AIM: A prospective study was made of the effectiveness of repeatable local calcitriol injections therapy to suppress secondary hyperparathyroidism resistant to conventional therapy in chronic dialysis patients. METHODS: Under ultrasonographic guidance, six injections at an interval of two days were performed in 14 chronic dialysis patients. The total amount of ...
Schlosser Katja - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) is common in patients with chronic renal failure. Despite the initiation of new therapeutic agents, several patients will require parathyroidectomy (PTX). Total PTX with autotransplantation of parathyroid tissue (TPTX+AT) and subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) are currently considered as standard surgical procedures in the treatment of sHPT. Recurrencerates ...
Viswanath Ananth K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Annual surveillance (with thyroid function testing) is widely recommended for the long-term follow-up of treated hypothyroid patients. It is based largely on consensus opinion and there is limited evidence to support the frequency of monitoring. The majority of patients in our hospital based thyroid register are on 18 monthly ...
Mihai R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is the preferred operation for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and positive preoperative imaging. This non-randomized case series assessed the long-term results of MIP performed without the use of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) monitoring. METHODS: The study involved prospective collection of demographic, biochemical and operative ...
Barbaro Daniele - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report data regarding treatment with use of percutaneous laser ablation (PLA) in autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTN). METHODS: We treated 18 patients (10 women and 8 men, 31 to 80 years old) who presented with a single hyperfunctioning thyroid nodule (8 patients) or a multi-nodular goiter (10 patients) ...
Kim Jae Won - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of radioiodine (RI) for the ablation of residual thyroid tissue and metastatic thyroid cancer lesions after thyroidectomy has become established as standard treatment in the management of differentiated thyroid cancer and subsequent sialadenitis is the most common complication of RI therapy. The purpose of this ...
Velickiene Dzilda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the concentration of C-reactive protein and the level of antibodies to thyrotropin receptors might predict the outcome of retrobulbar irradiation in patients with endocrine ophthalmopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with moderate endocrine ophthalmopathy received orbital radiotherapy. The overall severity of endocrine ophthalmopathy was assessed using the ...
Dietlein M - - 2007
AIM: Graves' hyperthyroidism and antithyroid drugs empty the intrathyroid stores of hormones and iodine. The consequence is rapid 131I turnover and impending failure of radioiodine therapy. Can administration of additional inactive iodide improve 131I kinetics? PATIENTS, METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients, in whom the 48 h post-therapeutically calculated thyroid dose was ...
Sywak Mark S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether newly established surgeons who have completed dedicated post-fellowship training are able to achieve surgical outcomes comparable to their more experienced peers. A cross-sectional study of consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) or completion thyroidectomy was carried out. Outcomes measured included unplanned ...
Palmer Robert M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIPX) hinges on accurate preoperative localization and the intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) assay to confirm adequate resection. Our goal was to evaluate the results of this technique when applied in a nonuniversity setting. METHODS: All patients undergoing parathyroidectomy at our institution from August 2000 until June ...
Vilchez Francisco J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of agranulocytosis and severe hepatotoxicity associated with carbimazole treatment. CASE SUMMARY: A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with severe hyperthyroidism resulting from Graves' disease. Treatment with carbimazole 30 mg/day was initiated. Within 15 days following the start of therapy, both minor (eg, pruritus, rash, urticaria, fever, ...
Moreno Pablo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Subtotal thyroidectomy is a widely accepted surgical procedure for Graves' disease. The purpose of this work is to evaluate functional long-term results and determine predictive prognostic factors of postoperative thyroid function. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study conducted on 202 patients with Graves' disease undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy during ...
Shrager Joseph B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The ideal operative technique for thymectomy in myasthenia gravis (MG) remains controversial. We present the largest series of extended transcervical thymectomy to provide outcomes data to compare with transsternal procedures. METHODS: A retrospective chart review/interview was made of 164 patients operated upon from 1992 to 2004. Complete remission (CR) ...
Karvounaris Dimitrios C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonically activated shears (UAS) in hemostasis as well as its safety in regard to complications in thyroid surgery. METHODS: Three hundred patients who had undergone surgery on the thyroid gland were divided into 2 groups of 150 ...
Meskhi I - - 2006
This study was designed to clarify the long-term efficacy of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) therapy in benign nodular and cystic thyroid diseases. Solid nodule and complex cyst were classified into three groups in accordance with volume reduction. In solid nodule (n = 38) and complex cyst (n=8), initial volume was ...
Politz Douglas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the results of minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) in the treatment of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, including factors associated with negative technetium-labeled sestamibi scanning. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the findings in a group of 152 consecutive patients encountered during the period 2001 through 2004. The overall accuracy ...
Jonas Marta - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The long-term effectiveness of anti-thyroid drugs (ATD) in the treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH) is still unsatisfactory and difficult to predict. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a determination of serum level of thyrotropin-binding inhibiting immunoglobulins (second generation TBII assay) in predicting the possibility ...
Sywak Mark - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lymphadenectomy in clinically node-negative papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is controversial. The aim of this study is to determine whether routine ipsilateral level VI lymphadenectomy (LNDVI) has advantages over total thyroidectomy (TT) alone. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Patients undergoing surgery for clinically node-negative PTC >1 cm were ...
Erbil Y - - 2007
AIMS: We aimed to determine the risk factors for recurrence and to assess the complication rate associated with surgery for benign, recurrent goitre. METHODS: We studied 125 consecutive patients with recurrent goitre who underwent re-operative thyroid surgery (group one). Patients in the control group were randomly selected from those undergoing ...
Neves Mascarenhas A - - 2006
AIM: The treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children may cause sequelae, some appearing only at long-term follow-up. We investigated the thyroid gland morphology and the function of the pituitary-thyroid axis in a group of patients treated for ALL in childhood. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted at a ...
Gambelunghe G - - 2006
This randomized controlled study was designed to test the efficacy and safety of percutaneous ultrasound (US)-guided laser photocoagulation (PLP) for treatment of subjects with compressive symptoms due to benign thyroid nodules and/or at high surgical risk. Twenty six subjects were randomized to the intervention (no. 13, age 68+/-3 yr, mean+/-SEM) ...
Miccoli Paolo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare operative factors, postoperative outcomes, and surgical complications of thyroidectomy when using the harmonic scalpel (HS) vs conventional hemostasis (CH). DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Surgery, S. Chiara Hospital, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. PATIENTS: One hundred patients undergoing thyroidectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postoperative pain, ...
Caputo M - - 2006
We report the case of a female patient in whom gluten-induced entheropathy was revealed at the age of 71 yr by resistance to treatment with levothyroxine (L-T4), calcium carbonate and alfacalcidol. Hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism were the consequence of a total thyroidectomy performed at the age of 65 yr for a ...
Erbil Yeşim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In recent years, total or near-total thyroidectomy has emerged as a surgical option to treat patients with multinodular goiter, especially in endemic iodine-deficient regions. The aim of this study was to compare the complication rates of total and near-total thyroidectomy in multinodular goiter and the incidence of thyroid cancer ...
Lee Seung Won - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Selective use of drains after thyroidectomy has been suggested in the literature. Although the safety of thyroidectomy without drains has been reviewed, there is little specific data available to identify the safety of thyroidectomy combined with central neck dissection (CND) without drains. This study aims to determine the feasibility ...
Yumoto Eiji - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study was to assess the long-term effects of immediate reconstruction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid cancer extirpation on postoperative phonatory function. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 22 patients with advanced thyroid cancer who underwent resection of the primary lesion and ...
Tomulescu Victor - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Results of thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis need to be reported in a standardized way to allow accurate comparison. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 107 patients with myasthenia gravis without thymoma. Patients were followed-up for more than 12 months after thoracoscopic thymectomy and analyzed according to ...
Kubota Sumihisa - - 2006
The appropriate period of antithyroid drug (ATD) discontinuation before radioiodine therapy is the most critical problem in Graves' disease patients under going treatment with ATD. To determine the optimal period that does not alter the outcome of radioiodine therapy or exacerbate hyperthyroidism, we compared serum FT4 levels at radioiodine uptake ...
Aktaran S - - 2007
A prospective, randomised and single blind clinical trial was designed to compare intravenous methylprednisolone pulse (IVGC) with oral methylprednisolone (OGC) monotherapy in terms of effectiveness and tolerability in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Fifty-two consecutive patients with untreated, moderately severe and active GO were randomly treated with either IVGC or OGC therapy ...
Barbaro Daniele - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether recombinant human thyroid-stimulating factor (rhTSH) is effective for the radiometabolic ablation of post-surgery thyroid remnants, using low doses of (131)I. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included two groups of patients enrolled consecutively: group 1 consisted of 52 patients with papillary cancer or minimally invasive follicular cancer ...
Krishnamoorthy Preetha - - 2006
We report a case of bone pain associated with primary hyperparathyroidism in a patient with sickle cell disease. A 17-year-old girl with sickle cell disease (SS phenotype) was seen for bilateral knee and back pain. She had had recurrent severe vaso-occlusive crises and acute chest syndrome in the course of ...
Rosário Pedro W S - - 2006
Our aim was to assess testicular function in patients treated with high-dose radioiodine. Luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone levels were determined in 52 men with thyroid carcinoma before and 6, 12, and 18 months after radioiodine therapy (3.7-5.5 GBq (131)I; mean, 4.25 GBq (131)I) (group 1) and ...
Dederichs B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) combined with glucocorticoids is an effective therapy for Graves' disease, but it is debatable whether glucocorticoids should be applied in patients without Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). METHODS: The effect of 0.4 - 0.5 mg prednisone every second day over a period of 5 weeks after RIT was ...
Maralcan Gökürk - - 2006
This study was designed to investigate the effect of truncal ligation of the inferior thyroid arteries on post-thyroidectomy serum calcium levels. This prospective, randomized study was carried out in 98 patients. In group 1, bilateral inferior thyroid arteries were ligated truncally during bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy procedure, whereas in group 2, ...
Hagag Philippe - - 2006
PURPOSE: Questions arise concerning the behavior and prognosis of the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2003, 92 patients with follicular variant of papillary carcinoma (group A) were enrolled in a long-term study and compared with control groups of follicular thyroid carcinoma (group B, ...
Turker Omer - - 2006
The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term (9 months) effects of variable doses (200/100 microg/day) of L-selenomethionine on autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and the parameters affecting the success rate of this therapy. The present study was designed in three steps: (1) 88 female patients with AIT (mean age ...
Roshan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of intra-operative parathyroid hormone (PTH) level monitoring as a predictor of persistent hypoparathyroidism after total parathyroidectomy in renal hyperparathyroidism. SETTING: University Teaching Hospital Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Unit. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with renal hyperparathyroidism undergoing parathyroidectomy between January 2004 and July 2005. Twenty-nine ...
Gaujoux Sebastien - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The best surgical treatment for hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease remains a controversial subject. METHODS: Seven hundred fourteen consecutive patients underwent total or near-total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease in a 13-year period. In a first analysis, postoperative rates of suffocating hematoma, wound infection, recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy, hypoparathyroidism, ...
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