Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2077
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Bratel John - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the importance of preoperative elimination of oral infections and oral health for survival after heart valve surgery In a group of patients (n=149; treatment group, GP group), oral health was examined and dental treatment was performed 3-6 months prior to heart valve surgery. In a ...
Sharaf Mostafa R - - 2011
Technomyrmex montaserisp. n. is described and illustrated from Oman based on the worker caste collected in Bani Sur. It belongs to the Technomyrmex gibbosus-group, with closest resemblance to Technomyrmex vexatus (Santschi, 1919) and Technomyrmex gibbosus W. M. Wheeler, 1906. A key to the Arabian Technomyrmex is given.
Liang Lingyi - - 2010
To report Demodex infestation in pediatric blepharoconjunctivitis. A retrospective review of 12 patients, with ages from 2.5-11 years, with chronic blepharoconjunctivitis who failed to respond to conventional treatments. Demodex was detected by lash sampling and microscopic examination. Patients were treated with 50% tea tree oil (TTO) eyelid scrubs or 5% ...
Olafsdóttir Eydís - - 2011
Purpose:  To report our experiences during the transition from penetrating keratoplasty to Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). Methods:  All patients undergoing DSEK during the period of April 2008 to April 2009 were included in this study. Results:  All grafts were attached and clear at both the 6- and 12 -month ...
Quintana José M - - 2011
To identify variables related to time spent on a waiting list for cataract extraction and the effect of waiting time on some outcomes. Twelve ophthalmology units throughout Spain. Cohort study. This study included consecutive patients scheduled to have cataract removal by phacoemulsification. Sociodemographic and clinical data, including visual acuity, and ...
Hayashi Ken - - 2011
To examine the effect of anterior capsule relaxing incisions created with a neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser on prevention of anterior capsule contraction after cataract surgery in high-risk patients. Hayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. Randomized masked clinical trials. Patients at high risk for anterior capsule contraction had anterior capsule relaxing incisions in ...
Reuschel Anna - - 2010
To compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of conventional longitudinal phacoemulsification and torsional phacoemulsification. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Leipzig, Germany. Randomized single-center clinical trial. Eyes with senile cataract were randomized to have phacoemulsification using the Infiniti Vision System and the torsional mode (OZil) or conventional longitudinal mode. Primary outcomes ...
Lane Stephen S - - 2010
To assess changes in patient-reported outcomes, satisfaction, vision quality, and visual acuity after bilateral implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with a 3.00 D addition (add) in cataract patients. Twelve study centers, United States. Randomized multicenter clinical trial. In this 6-month trial, cataract patients had bilateral implantation of the AcrySof ...
Bohórquez Victor - - 2010
To evaluate reading ability in patients who had cataract surgery with binocular implantation of a dual-optic accommodating intraocular lens (IOL) over a 2-year period. Department of Ophthalmology, Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Salucoop EPS-ServiOftalmos, Bogota, Colombia. Prospective case series. This study assessed reading ability 1 year and 2 years after bilateral ...
Stewart Christopher M - - 2010
Toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) are advocated as an effective treatment for both regular corneal-based astigmatism and cataract in both non-penetrating keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) patients. The aim of this analysis is to compare postoperative outcomes for both PK and non-PK patients to determine whether or not the past PK ...
Mesci Cem - - 2010
To evaluate long-term contrast sensitivity (CS) and visual acuity following implantation of monofocal, accommodating, refractive and diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in patients with unilateral cataract. In this prospective non-randomized clinical trial, 87 patients with unilateral cataract were enrolled in four groups for phacoemulsification and IOL implantation in Ophthalmology Department ...
Kamiya Kazutaka - - 2010
To assess the time course of corneal biomechanical parameters after phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. We examined 54 eyes of 33 consecutive patients undergoing cataract surgery. We quantitatively assessed the values of corneal biomechanics characterized by corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) using an Ocular Response Analyzer before ...
Morgado Gabriel - - 2010
To compare the mydriatic efficacy and cardiovascular safety of the mydriatic options. This was a prospective randomized analysis of 90 eyes submitted to senile cataract surgery. Group A (30 eyes) included topical mydriasis, group B (30 eyes) included mydriasis with the ophthalmic insert (Mydriasert), and group C (30 eyes) included ...
Bahar Irit - - 2010
To evaluate the influence of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) on corneal curvature and the anterior segment parameters obtained with the Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera. A total of 9 eyes of 9 consecutive patients (3 men, 6 women) were evaluated preoperatively, at 1 and 3 months postoperatively with the ...
Mehta Jodhbir S - - 2010
We evaluate the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens (Staar, Monrovia, CA, USA) phakic intraocular lens for treating post-keratoplasty anisometropia. Case series of three eyes (2 phakic and 1 pseudophakic). The mean age was 47.3 years (range 30-73 years), with a minimum of 3-month follow up. The mean preoperative spherical equivalent was ...
Karimian Farid - - 2010
To determine the changes of amplitude of accommodation (AA) and facility of accommodation (FA) in myopic patients after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Using Technolas 217Z excimer laser, 160 myopic eyes of 80 patients underwent PRK. The patients were categorized into two age groups: <30 and ≥30 years. Changes in AA and ...
Elderkin Saba - - 2010
To evaluate the outcome of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in patients with a retained anterior chamber intraocular lens (ACIOL). A retrospective review of 11 patients with corneal decompensation and ACIOL who underwent DSAEK was performed. All patients except 1 had open-loop style ACIOLs, and in all cases, there ...
Gothwal Vijaya K - - 2010
The visual functioning index (VFI) was one of the first questionnaires developed using classical test theory to assess outcomes of cataract surgery. However, it was not Rasch-validated. The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the VFI using Rasch analysis in patients with cataract. The 11-item ...
Shin Jung Hwan - - 2010
To compare the effects of fluoroquinolones gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin used for antimicrobial prophylaxis after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on epithelial healing. Forty-four patients randomly received the prophylactic antibiotics gatifloxacin (Gatiflo; 0.3% gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution, Handok, Chungbuk, Korea, no preservative) in 1 eye and moxifloxacin (Vigamox; 0.5% moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution, Alcon ...
Chamberlain Winston D - - 2011
To compare postoperative outcomes for femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty (FLAK) with conventional penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Retrospective, comparative surgical series. Fifty consecutive patients who underwent FLAK and 50 case-controlled patients that had PK at the Casey Eye Institute (Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR). Data was collected for 50 consecutive cases ...
Ozkaya Emin - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate ocular side effects in children with allergic rhinitis taking chronic intermittent nasal corticosteroids. The study group included 150 children who had used intermittent intranasal budesonide for more than 2 years for allergic rhinitis. Ninety patients who were newly diagnosed as having allergic ...
Ohkubo Kenji - - 2011
This study evaluated long-term safety and efficacy of low-dose (50-mg) clopidogrel in Japanese patients undergoing coronary stenting. A total of 126 patients with 153 lesions who consented to take a 50-mg maintenance dose of clopidogrel to prevent stent thrombosis were enrolled. The duration of clinical follow-up was 13.9 ± 9.7 months. There was ...
Gupta Preeya K - - 2011
To evaluate complications and clinical outcomes of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty in eyes with preexisting anterior chamber intraocular lenses. Retrospective review. Thirty-one patients who underwent Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty and who had a preexisting anterior chamber intraocular lens were identified from May 2006 through March 2009. Patient follow-up ...
Miyata Kazunori - - 2011
To examine the efficacy and safety of topography-based limbal relaxing incision (LRI) surgery. Forty-four eyes of 36 consecutive patients who underwent cataract surgery more than 1 month previously, had refractive against-the-rule astigmatism of ≥2.00 diopters (D), and were scheduled to undergo LRI surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were ...
Plainer Sophie - - 2011
Aim To evaluate visual quality and postoperative results as well adverse events in myopic patients undergoing I-CARE anterior-chamber angle-supported phakic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Design A retrospective, non-randomised, case series. Participants Data on 29 eyes (16 patients) receiving I-CARE phakic IOL for high myopia (-11.66±3.3) were analysed. Methods The IOLs ...
Ferrer-Blasco Teresa - - 2011
Background:  To evaluate near stereoacuity with the balanced Proclear Multifocal simultaneous vision contact lens. Methods:  Twenty-five presbyopic subjects were fitted binocularly with the Proclear Multifocal contact lens and with distance contact lenses combined with reading spectacles, which served as controls. After one month, stereoacuity was measured using the vectographic Titmus ...
Lee Joo Eun - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a transconjunctival sutureless technique for pars plana vitrectomy using conventional 20-gauge instruments versus the conventional technique. Clinical data were reviewed retrospectively for a consecutive series of patients who underwent transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV; 38 eyes of 37 ...
Renesto Adimara da Candelaria Ada - - 2010
To report impression cytologic (IC) results after corneal cross-linking (CXL) using riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light in the treatment of keratoconus and compare the data with those from a group of subjects with the same disease. Forty eyes were distributed into 2 groups: patients in group 1 underwent CXL, whereas patients ...
Gorovoy Mark S - - 2010
To report the clinical and histological findings of a single patient who developed late epithelial downgrowth of donor origin after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). A 70-year-old woman underwent uneventful DSAEK for Fuchs dystrophy in the right eye. The donor had a thickened graft edge for 2 clock hours ...
Khan Yasin A - - 2011
To present the first 3 cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), unresponsive to medical treatment, that were successfully treated with a novel adjunctive therapy using ultraviolet light A (UVA) and riboflavin (B2). Interventional case series. Two patients with confirmed AK and 1 patient with presumptive AK, which were all refractive to ...
Knappe Steffi - - 2011
Purpose: Keratoconus is a predominantly bilateral form of corneal degeneration that is associated with central thinning and cone-shaped bulging of the cornea usually accompanied by a progressive reduction in visual acuity. A recent therapeutic option is cross-linking, a procedure designed to prevent the progression of keratoconus by the photochemical cross-linkage ...
Chatziralli Irini P - - 2011
Background/Aims: To evaluate the benefit of adding a nonsteroid agent to an antibiotic/steroid combination after uneventful phacoemulsification, adopting a weekly follow-up, to gain insight into the optimal duration of postoperative treatment and to examine whether risk factors for inflammation exist. Methods: Patients were randomized to (i) tobramycin 0.3%-dexamethasone 0.1%, 1 ...
Cheng Yanny Y Y - - 2011
To compare endothelial cell (EC) loss, visual and refractive outcomes, and complications after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Randomized, multicenter clinical trial. Fifty-six eyes of 56 patients with a corneal stromal pathology not affecting the endothelium were randomized to DALK or PK. The DALK procedure was ...
Trastman-Caruso Elyse - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare iris cross-sectional area and thickness in the accommodated and unaccommodated states in controls versus patients with pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) and to quantify short-term response of the iris to accommodation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with PDS and 17 control subjects were examined with ultrasound biomicroscopy. A ...
Albright Roger A - - 2010
To evaluate the incidence of microbial keratitis associated with the use of the Menicon Z rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses (CLs) for up to 30 days continuous wear (CW). For this study, CW was defined as wearing CLs in an extended-wear modality with an average wearing time of 22 days ...
Tu Elmer Y - - 2010
To describe the treatment of chronic stromal Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) with oral voriconazole monotherapy. All cases of chronic stromal AK recalcitrant to traditional therapy subsequently treated with systemic voriconazole seen at the University of Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary between June 2003 and July 2009 were reviewed for clinical presentation, ...
Chawla Bhavna - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) for symptomatic relief in painful bullous keratopathy. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 patients with symptomatic bullous keratopathy and poor visual potential were randomized into 2 groups. In the PTK group (n = 13) after ...
Patwardhan Sourabh D - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of passive removal of silicone oil with 23-gauge (G) transconjunctival sutureless system. METHODS: This is a single-center, prospective, interventional, randomized control study. Forty eyes of 40 patients were enrolled in this study and randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 (n = 20) patients ...
Bonci Paolo - - 2010
PURPOSE: This was a pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of a new surgical technique of descemetic anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) with the help of enzymatic hyaluronidase solution. METHODS: We selected 10 patients, 6 male and 4 female, with surgical keratoconus, with a mean age of 45+/-16 years (range 29-61), ...
Mittal Vikas - - 2010
A 44-year-old man presented 28 days after cataract surgery (phacoemulsification) in right eye with multiple pinpoint infiltrates in posterior stroma at cataract surgery wound site. Visual acuity was 20/60. Corneal scraping from the floor of the corneal tunnel revealed fungus which was later identified to be Aspergillus flavus. The patient ...
Gupta Noopur - - 2011
Aim To compare the predictive outcome of ocular burns using two different prognostic classification systems, that is, Dua and Roper Hall classification. Patients and methods In a prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial, the extent of acute ocular burns in 100 patients was graded by Roper Hall and Dua classifications. Patients ...
Tai Ming-Cheng - - 2010
To quantify angle changes after phacoemulsification extracapsular cataract extraction using Fourier-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taiwan. Case series. Fourier-domain AS-OCT examinations were performed in patients between 15 and 91 years of age 1 week before and 1 week ...
Liu Xuan - - 2010
Ophthalmic gel has been developed to increase the drug concentration in aqueous humor and to retard the loss of drug from the conjunctival sac. The research was to compare the drug concentration in aqueous humor of cataract patients administered 0.3% gatifloxacin ophthalmic gel with that in patients administered 0.3% gatifloxacin ...
Mesci Cem - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the visual performance of patients with unilateral cataract following implantation of monofocal, accommodating, refractive, and diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOL). DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with unilateral cataract were enrolled in 4 groups for phacoemulsification and IOL implantation. Twenty-four patients had monofocal (Alcon Acrysof) ...
Ahmed Kamran A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine relationships between vision, forward scatter, and total corneal and graft thicknesses after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. METHODS: Forty-four eyes with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy were examined before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after DSEK; all eyes were pseudophakic after surgery. ...
Dave Hreem - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of adverse events and visual outcomes and to compare the economic costs of sequential vs simultaneous bilateral cataract surgery for infants with congenital cataracts. METHODS: Retrospective review of simultaneous vs sequential bilateral cataract surgery for infants with congenital cataracts who underwent cataract surgery when 6 ...
Salgado J P - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of corneal collagen crosslinking with riboflavin and UV-A as a treatment option for postlaser in situ keratomileusis keratectasia. Crosslinking was carried out in 22 eyes of 15 patients with iatrogenic keratectasia. Follow-up, according to a standardised protocol (uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp ...
Kim Jae-Hyung - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare early postoperative pain and visual outcomes after conventional epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis and lamellar epithelial debridement (LED) procedures used to treat myopia. METHODS: Prospective bilateral comparison between conventional epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis, in which the epithelial flap was repositioned, and LED, in which the epithelial ...
Kissner Anja - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the biomechanical effect and the UVA-absorption of a riboflavin/UVA cross-linking method, which suggests leaving the epithelium intact and applying benzalkonium chloride (BAC) on rabbits' corneas. METHODS: In total, 32 eyes from 16 rabbits were divided into 4 groups. Group 1 was treated with intact epithelium and without ...
Abry Florence - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report the first case of Streptococcus Abiotrophia defectiva-associated crystalline keratopathy. METHODS: An 83-year-old woman underwent penetrating keratoplasty for pseudophakic bullous keratopathy in the OD. Ten months after surgery, the patient presented with decreased visual acuity in the OD. Slit-lamp examination showed crystalline keratopathy. Corneal scrapings were negative, and ...
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