Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2080
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Miller Matthew - - 2012
Mechanical failure of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter is an important cause of technique failure. Fluoroscopic guidewire manipulation may be undertaken in an attempt to correct the failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoroscopic manipulation of previously embedded PD catheters, the factors associated with ...
Hryszko T - - 2012
Purpose: It is advocated to delay the start of peritoneal dialysis (PD) at least 10-14 days after insertion of peritoneal catheter. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with catheter-related complications (CRC) in patients starting PD early (1-13 days) (ES) and late (14 days or more) (LS) ...
Spennato Pietro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic aqueductal stenosis is a cause of non communicating hydrocephalus which actual treatment by Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) could be assess without any interference with the etiology. The results of ETV in this indication could be therefore interpret as the results of the surgical procedure alone, without any additional ...
Drofdf Wlodzimierz - - 2012
To compare epidemiological analysis concerning sex, age, location of blockage, and frequency of occurrence of etiological factors in 2 groups of patients treated for mechanical bowel obstruction 100 years apart. Epidemiological analysis of patients undergoing an operation for small-bowel obstruction (SBO) or large-bowel obstruction (LBO) from 1868 to 1898 (group ...
Anderson Paul A - - 2012
Study design: Systematic review.Clinical questions: What are the rates and causes of subsequent surgeries? What is the long-term complication rates following cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR)? How do these rates change over time?Methods: A systematic review was undertaken for articles published up to October 2011. Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
Management of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis requires timely intervention by experienced staff, which may not be uniformly available throughout the week. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of weekend compared with weekday presentation on peritonitis outcomes. The study, which used data from the Australia and ...
Oh Kook-Hwan - - 2012
Recent studies reported that early initiation of hemodialysis may increase mortality. However, studies that assessed the influence of early initiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) yielded controversial results. In the present study, we evaluated the prognosis of early initiation of PD on the various outcomes of end stage renal failure patients ...
Wang Zhong-He - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Is the severity of acute oral mucositis in patients who receive postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (PO-IMRT) for oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) reduced by sparing the oral mucosa outside of the planning target volume (PTV)? STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with oral tongue SCC who received ...
Baranowska Katarzyna - - 2012
Background: Postoperative complications are integral to cardiac surgery. The most serious ones are stroke, which develops in about 7.5% of the patients, and postoperative encephalopathy, which affects 10-30% of the patients. According to bibliographical data, the number of complications is increasing.怈/p怉 Aim: To analyse the risk factors and the types ...
Hilliard Mary Anne - - 2012
The techniques and best practices used to achieve a successful safety culture transformation and drive down the incidence of serious safety events are described. The Safety Transformation Initiative at Children's National resulted in national and local recognition, a financial savings of an imputed $35 million, and a greater than 70% ...
Yadav Yad Ram - - 2012
Treatment options for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are lumbar peritoneal shunt (LP), optic nerve fenestration, ventriculoperitoneal shunt and venous stenting. We report our experience of 24 cases of LP shunt. MATERIAL and All the patients had preoperative fundus examination, cerebrospinal fluid pressure estimation and examination, visual field charting, CT scan ...
Mrozik Dawid - - 2012
One of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in orthopaedy and traumatology are total arthroplasty of the hip and the knee. Patients who are undergoing those treatment are exposed to thromboembolic complications. It is necessary to prevent them against thromboembolic complications. Current standard practice for anticoagulant prophylaxis to prevent venous ...
van Esch Sadie - - 2012
Despite advances in treatment and prevention, peritonitis remains a major problem in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with often technique failure as a consequence. The last decades the focus of PD peritonitis has changed from lowering peritonitis incidence to improvement of peritonitis outcome. Prognostic factors for peritonitis outcome can influence decision ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2012
Both continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis (HD) have their advantages regarding the treatment of patients with renal failure. In CAPD, solute removal is sometimes insufficient in patients who have a relatively large muscle mass that produces high levels of creatinine. To compensate for this deficiency, frequent exchanges and ...
Cody June D - - 2012
Surgery performed to improve or replace the function of the diseased urinary bladder has been carried out for over a century. Main reasons for improving or replacing the function of the urinary bladder are bladder cancer, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, detrusor overactivity and chronic inflammatory diseases of the bladder (such as ...
Chen Jin-Bor - - 2012
It is well known that the quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease can be improved by dialysis. While previous studies have used retrospective designs and adhered to a standard target prescribed by clinical guidelines, our study prospectively investigates the association between the adequacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD) ...
Thorpe Neil - - 2012
To use police STATS19 road casualty data and accident and emergency and in-patient information to estimate the impact of mobile safety cameras on the cost of treating individuals injured in road traffic collisions. A data-matching and costing exercise to link casualty and clinical information in a 'before' and 'after' study ...
Ghane Mohammad Reza MR Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2012
Procedural sedation in children continues to be a problem in the emergency department (ED). Midazolam is the first water-soluble benzodiazepine and it has been widely used for procedural sedation in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was evaluation of clinical safety and effectiveness of intramuscular Midazolam for pediatric sedation ...
Ohashi Toru - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: Abnormal action potential (AP) recovery from adaptation was manifested as increased recovery (iR) or decreased recovery (dR) relative to the normal recovery range. dR was not analyzed statistically due to the very small number of cases. iR is considered an unfavorable prognostic indicator, whereas a normal AP recovery ...
Quenet S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of a systematically planned compression ultrasonography (SP-CUS) to detect venous thrombotic complications (VTCs) in patients with symptomatic isolated superficial vein thrombosis (SVT). DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of a prospective, multicentre, cohort study (POST). PATIENTS: As many as 537 patients with CUS-confirmed isolated SVT undergoing an ...
Tosteson Anna N A - - 2011
Cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomized plus observational cohort trial. Analyze cost-effectiveness of Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial data over 4 years comparing surgery with nonoperative care for three common diagnoses: spinal stenosis (SPS), degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), and intervertebral disc herniation (IDH). Spine surgery rates continue to rise in the United ...
Phares Christina R - - 2011
During May 4, 2007-February 29, 2008, the United States resettled 6,159 refugees from Tanzania. Refugees received pre-departure antimalarial treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), partially supervised (three/six doses) artemether-lumefantrine (AL), or fully supervised AL. Thirty-nine malaria cases were detected. Disease incidence was 15.5/1,000 in the SP group and 3.2/1,000 in the partially ...
Távora-Vieira Dayse - - 2011
Abstract Objective: In this study, we aimed to explore a variation of the NTT standard protocol that would be more beneficial for those patients with hearing loss >50 dB HL in the worst ear (average hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 KHz). Study sample: This study involved 26 ...
Parsons Michael L - - 2011
Twenty-four specimen of macroalgae were collected in nearshore waters of the island of Hawaii, identified, and maintained to examine how the epiphytic relationship between Gambierdiscus toxicus (isolate BIG12) varied among the macroalgal species. Gambierdiscus cells were introduced to petri dishes containing 100 g samples of each macroalgal host, which were ...
Gletsu-Miller N N Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. - - 2012
The frequency of copper deficiency and clinical manifestations following roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is not yet clear. Objectives were to determine the prevalence and incidence of copper deficiency in patients who have undergone RYGB. We sought to determine the number of RYGB patients undergoing medical and nutritional follow-up visits ...
de Luis Daniel A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Zinc and copper are two essential trace elements. However, few studies have been conducted specifically to investigate these deficiencies in patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The aim of our work was to describe the influence of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on serum copper and zinc levels during 4 years. METHODS: We ...
Arba-Mosquera Samuel - - 2011
: Evaluating the application of 2 methods for minimizing the ablated tissue upon objective minimization of depth and time of Zernike-based customized ablations. : Muscat Eye Laser Center, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. : Recently developed algorithms for selection of Zernike terms in customized treatments for refractive surgery were used. Clinical ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2011
The utilization of surfactant replacement therapy had been limited in treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) due to the high cost especially in developing countries. Nowadays, the National Health Insurance Policy has covered the cost of surfactant for the patients. Therefore, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) may be found increasing due to ...
Carlisle Michael P - - 2011
To report our experience in the care of patients treated for velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) with sphincter pharyngoplasty (SP) with or without the addition of palatal lengthening by Furlow palatoplasty (FP). Retrospective analysis. Tertiary care cleft palate and craniofacial clinic. Forty-six children with VPI, most of whom had palatal clefts, treated ...
Ghosh Manab Kumar - - 2011
Snakebite remains a public health problem in India, occurring most frequently in the summer and rainy seasons. Bites are maximal in lower limbs. Victims are typically male and between 17 and 27 years of age. Children and the elderly have higher mortality. The worst affected states are Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil ...
Morosetti Massimo - - 2011
Vascular access (VA) complications account for a significant number of hospital admissions in dialysis and have substantial costs. A native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannot be successfully obtained in all patients. At our center, we established an autogenous brachial-basilic AVF (BBAVF) in the upper arm in patients with a failed forearm ...
Vinther Jakob - - 2011
The oldest annelid fossils are polychaetes from the Cambrian Period. They are representatives of the annelid stem group and thus vital in any discussion of how we polarize the evolution of the crown group. Here, we describe a fossil polychaete from the Early Cambrian Sirius Passet fauna, Pygocirrus butyricampum gen. ...
Cattaneo Chiara - - 2011
Background Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are considered a major problem among patients undergoing acute leukaemia (AL) induction treatment. PROphylaxis of Fungal invasive Infections in Leukaemia-Caspofungin (PROFIL-C) is a multicentre study aiming to assess the comparative yield of using caspofungin versus standard policy (SP) regimens and the overall impact of IFI ...
Chargari Cyrus - - 2011
We evaluated the early clinical outcome of patients with solitary bone plasmacytoma (SP) or a solitary lesion of multiple myeloma (MM) treated with helical tomotherapy (HT) compared with 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT), in terms of target coverage and exposure of critical organs. Ten patients with SP and 3 patients with ...
Tanaka Satoko - - 2011
PURPOSE: Slow pathway (SP) ablation of atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can be complicated by unexpected AV block even at sites >10 mm inferior to the bundle of His (HB), and one cause is thought to be the inferior dislocation of an antegrade fast pathway (A-FP). We assessed locations of ...
Stühlinger Markus C - - 2011
PURPOSE: Modification of the slow pathway (SP) of the atrio-ventricular node by radiofrequency ablation is the most effective treatment to cure AV nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). However, this therapy may be complicated by AV-block (AVB). We sought to evaluate the predictive value of the A(H)-A(Md) interval-the electrical delay between atrial ...
Sousa Cristiana - - 2011
Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is defined by the presence of air in the pleural space without history of trauma. It is classified as secondary if coexisting with underlying pulmonary disease. Its an entity with considerable incidence and treatment particularities which give reason for a reflection on the subject. We present a ...
Nishiwaki Shinji - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Trace element deficiencies are known to occur during long-term enteral nutrition feeding. We compared the serum concentrations of trace elements between patients treated with gastrostomy and those treated with jejunostomy. METHODS: Our subjects were 36 patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG group) and 23 patients who ...
Feldman Alexander - - 2011
Background: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia. Slow pathway (SP) ablation is the first-line treatment approach with a high acute success rate and a low risk of inadvertent complete atrioventricular (AV) block. However, there is still some uncertainty as to the most appropriate ...
Antebi Elie - - 2011
Purpose: The desirable outcomes after open radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer (PC) are to: a) achieve disease recurrence free, b) urinary continence (UC), and c) maintain sexual potency (SP). These 3 combined desirable outcomes we called it the ″Trifecta ″. Our aim is to assess the likelihood of ...
Ahn Min - - 2011
: To investigate the predisposing factors, clinical presentations, treatment results, and prognosis of keratitis caused by mixed infectious agents (bacteria and fungi). : This is a retrospective study of cases with mixed bacterial and fungal keratitis, presented between January 2000 and December 2007 at a tertiary referral hospital. The study ...
Shi Weiyun - - 2011
: To analyze the anatomical features of peripheral staphyloma and evaluate the clinical effects of double lamellar keratoplasty on this eye disease. : Four cases of peripheral staphyloma were treated by double lamellar keratoplasty. One third of the degenerative iris was excised, and the iris was returned into the anterior ...
Mahmodlou Rahim - - 2011
Pleurodesis is one of the best methods of controlling malignant pleural effusions and pneumothorax. Recently Iodopovidone (IP) which is cheap and easily available was used for pleurodesis and demonstrated low morbidity with good results similar to talcum powder. However, in those studies a wide range of pleural diseases were included, ...
Wendel Lucas J A - - 2011
: To compare the outcome of bifold forceps and cartridge injector suture pull-through insertion techniques for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). : A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of all patients treated with DSAEK at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics from January 1, 2005 ...
Uchino Yuichi - - 2011
: To compare corneal thickness and haze in Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). : This study included 30 consecutive patients undergoing DSAEK (18 patients) and PK (12 patients). Central corneal thickness and corneal haze were analyzed longitudinally by Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) at 2 weeks, ...
Barcellos Daphne Camara DC Department of Restorative Dentistry, São Josédos Campos School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, - - 2011
This study aimed to measure pH changes during 14 days intracoronal bleaching with hydrogen peroxide/sodium perborate and carbamide peroxide/sodium perborate. Twenty patients presenting endodontically treated central maxillary incisors with color alterations were divided in two groups (n = 10): Group CP + SP: 37% carbamide peroxide + sodium perborate paste; ...
Fraunfelder Frederick W - - 2011
To assess the efficacy of using a bandage contact lens (BCL) for 3 months for recurrent corneal erosions (RCE) to facilitate epithelial adhesion. Retrospective study of patients presented to the Casey Eye Institute (Portland, OR) with RCE after failing at least 6 weeks of medical lubrication therapy. Subjects were treated ...
Lee Kyung-Min - - 2011
To compare the quality of vision achieved with different aspheric intraocular lens (IOL) implants. This prospective, comparative and randomized study included 90 eyes that underwent phacoemulsification and implantation with one of three different aspheric IOLs. Patients were assigned randomly to receive one type of aspheric IOL: Tecnis Z9003(®) (Advanced Medical ...
Serrao Sebastiano - - 2011
To investigate the optical quality of the anterior cornea during a 6-year follow-up after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. Forty-nine patients (98 eyes) underwent PRK using an excimer laser platform. Patients were subdivided into three groups according to their preoperative spherical equivalent refraction and amount of cylinder component: the low-myopia, ...
Shousha Mohamed Abou - - 2011
To evaluate the long-term results of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior lamellar keratoplasty (FALK) for anterior corneal pathologies. Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Thirteen consecutive patients who underwent FALK for anterior corneal pathologies. Femtosecond laser-assisted sutureless anterior lamellar keratoplasty. Best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), manifest refraction, need for adjunctive surgery, and complications. ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >