Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2099
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Glockzin Gabriel - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) provide a promising therapeutic option for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. The use of intraperitoneal oxaliplatin seems to further improve the efficacy of the combined treatment concept. Nevertheless, additional toxicity might be expected. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 03/2004 and 08/2010 307 ...
Fitzpatrick Margaret A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To describe a case of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis successfully treated with combination antibiotics, including intraperitoneal polymyxin B, with retentionof the catheter.CASE SUMMARY:A 54-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease receiving chronic PD and recent antibiotic and hospital exposure presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. ...
Cho Kyu-Hyang - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: This paper details how PD catheter revision may be an alternative option to catheter removal for refractory exit site infections and tunnel inefections. This involves the removal of the external cuff and infected tissue above the internal cuff, and creation of a new subcutaneous tunnel and ...
White Judith - - 2012
The PleurX peritoneal drainage catheter for drainage of malignant ascites in a community setting has been evaluated by the NICE Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme. This article outlines the evidence included in the Sponsor's submission, the independent critique by the External Assessment Centre (EAC) and the recommendations made by the Medical ...
Kaneishi Keisuke - - 2012
Bowel obstruction is one of the most common complications in patients with advanced cancer. Incomplete bowel obstruction is one of the leading causes of nausea and vomiting, which may result in a substantial impairment to quality of life. We explored the antiemetic activity of olanzapine against nausea and vomiting in ...
Parkar S M - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the periodontal status of patients among group of patients receiving hemodialysis in two super specialty renal institutes in the state of Gujarat. A cross-sectional study of 304 subjects, 152 subjects each in dialysis, and control group was conducted. Oral hygiene status was ...
Gadola Liliana L Centro de Nefrología, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. - - 2013
The present study evaluated the tool used to assess patients' skills and the impact on peritonitis rates of a new multidisciplinary peritoneal dialysis (PD) education program (PDEP). After the University Hospital Ethics Committee approved the study, the educational and clinical records of PD patients were retrospectively analyzed in two phases. ...
Worsøe J - - 2012
Aim:  Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) reduces symptoms in up to 80% of patients with faecal incontinence (FI). Its effects are not limited to the distal colon and the pelvic floor. Accordingly, spinal or supraspinal neuromodulation have been suggested as part of the mode of action. The effect of SNS on ...
Latus Joerg - - 2012
BackgroundChronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) can be complicated by encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), the most severe complication associated with long-term PD.MethodsIn this study, we retrospectively analysed 49 EPS patients regarding clinical presentation, histopathological findings, treatment and long-term clinical outcome at our referral centre. Patients were divided into two clinical categories: severe ...
Borges Boniek Castillo Dutra - - 2012
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the progression of sealed non-cavitated dentinal occlusal caries in a randomised controlled clinical trial. Materials and methods: Sixty teeth with non-cavitated dentinal occlusal caries were selected in patients with a high risk for caries. Patients were randomly divided into two groups so that each group included ...
Rocha Ana - - 2012
Peritonitis remains a common complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of this study was to analyze, in a PD center, long-term temporal trends in peritonitis rates, microbiology and outcomes. We treated 588 cases of peritonitis that occurred during 11,833.6 months at risk. Y-set and twin-bag disconnecting systems were introduced ...
Byun Yeo-Jue - - 2012
: To compare the efficacy of topical cyclosporine 0.05% (tCsA) and combined treatment with 1% methylprednisolone acetate for the treatment of moderate-to-severe chronic dry eye. : Forty-four patients with moderate-to-severe dry eye who had not responded to conventional treatment were treated with tCsA for 3 months. Twenty-one subjects (Group 1) ...
Kumar Amandeep - - 2012
Congenital spinal lipomas constitute an important group of lesions causing tethered cord syndrome. Management of these lesions is challenging and role of prophylactic surgery for these lesions is still controversial. Hence, current study was undertaken with the aim to evaluate the role of prophylactic surgery in the management of these ...
Koch Michael - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and clinical outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment in patients with severe refractory heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The PD treatment was performed in 118 patients [49.2% New York Heart Association (NYHA) III ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
The clinical benefits of using "biocompatible" neutral pH solutions containing low levels of glucose degradation products for peritoneal dialysis compared with standard solutions are uncertain. In this multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial, we randomly assigned 185 incident adult peritoneal dialysis patients with residual renal function to use either biocompatible ...
Ruhi Cağlar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Refractory congestive heart failure (RCHF), due to its high mortality and hospitalization rates, is a growing health problem. In this study, as an alternative and/or supportive treatment to conventional medical therapies, we have evaluated the clinical value of peritoneal ultrafiltration, performed as a single daily exchange with icodextrin or ...
Mehrazma Mitra - - 2012
Introduction. Early prediction of the efficacy of treatment in peritonitis complicating peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the best way to reduce morbidity. We studied the prognostic value of the third-day dialysis effluent leukocyte count after antibiotic therapy for prediction of treatment outcomes. Materials and Methods. Medical records of 31 children on ...
Shin Bo Sung - - 2012
We report a case of genital swelling in a patient receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. A physical examination did not identify any defect. Ultrasonography revealed a large hydrocele, and surgical repair brought resolution of the genital swelling. Two months later, however, the genital swelling had recurred and was not improved ...
de Moraes Thyago P - - 2012
A good catheter implantation technique is important to allow for effective peritoneal access function and long-term technique survival. Studies regarding results obtained by nephrologists in comparison with surgeons have been limited to small single-center experiences. Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the impact of the peritoneal dialysis ...
Miller Matthew - - 2012
Mechanical failure of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter is an important cause of technique failure. Fluoroscopic guidewire manipulation may be undertaken in an attempt to correct the failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoroscopic manipulation of previously embedded PD catheters, the factors associated with ...
Hryszko T - - 2012
Purpose: It is advocated to delay the start of peritoneal dialysis (PD) at least 10-14 days after insertion of peritoneal catheter. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with catheter-related complications (CRC) in patients starting PD early (1-13 days) (ES) and late (14 days or more) (LS) ...
Spennato Pietro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic aqueductal stenosis is a cause of non communicating hydrocephalus which actual treatment by Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) could be assess without any interference with the etiology. The results of ETV in this indication could be therefore interpret as the results of the surgical procedure alone, without any additional ...
Drofdf Wlodzimierz - - 2012
To compare epidemiological analysis concerning sex, age, location of blockage, and frequency of occurrence of etiological factors in 2 groups of patients treated for mechanical bowel obstruction 100 years apart. Epidemiological analysis of patients undergoing an operation for small-bowel obstruction (SBO) or large-bowel obstruction (LBO) from 1868 to 1898 (group ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
Management of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis requires timely intervention by experienced staff, which may not be uniformly available throughout the week. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of weekend compared with weekday presentation on peritonitis outcomes. The study, which used data from the Australia and ...
Anderson Paul A PA Department of Orthopedics & Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2012
 Systematic review.Clinical questions: What are the rates and causes of subsequent surgeries? What is the long-term complication rates following cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR)? How do these rates change over time?  A systematic review was undertaken for articles published up to October 2011. Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles ...
Oh Kook-Hwan - - 2012
Recent studies reported that early initiation of hemodialysis may increase mortality. However, studies that assessed the influence of early initiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) yielded controversial results. In the present study, we evaluated the prognosis of early initiation of PD on the various outcomes of end stage renal failure patients ...
Wang Zhong-He - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Is the severity of acute oral mucositis in patients who receive postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (PO-IMRT) for oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) reduced by sparing the oral mucosa outside of the planning target volume (PTV)? STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with oral tongue SCC who received ...
Baranowska Katarzyna - - 2012
Background: Postoperative complications are integral to cardiac surgery. The most serious ones are stroke, which develops in about 7.5% of the patients, and postoperative encephalopathy, which affects 10-30% of the patients. According to bibliographical data, the number of complications is increasing.〈/p〉 Aim: To analyse the risk factors and the types ...
Hilliard Mary Anne - - 2012
The techniques and best practices used to achieve a successful safety culture transformation and drive down the incidence of serious safety events are described. The Safety Transformation Initiative at Children's National resulted in national and local recognition, a financial savings of an imputed $35 million, and a greater than 70% ...
Yadav Yad Ram - - 2012
Treatment options for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are lumbar peritoneal shunt (LP), optic nerve fenestration, ventriculoperitoneal shunt and venous stenting. We report our experience of 24 cases of LP shunt. MATERIAL and All the patients had preoperative fundus examination, cerebrospinal fluid pressure estimation and examination, visual field charting, CT scan ...
Mrozik Dawid - - 2012
One of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in orthopaedy and traumatology are total arthroplasty of the hip and the knee. Patients who are undergoing those treatment are exposed to thromboembolic complications. It is necessary to prevent them against thromboembolic complications. Current standard practice for anticoagulant prophylaxis to prevent venous ...
van Esch Sadie - - 2012
Despite advances in treatment and prevention, peritonitis remains a major problem in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with often technique failure as a consequence. The last decades the focus of PD peritonitis has changed from lowering peritonitis incidence to improvement of peritonitis outcome. Prognostic factors for peritonitis outcome can influence decision ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2012
Both continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis (HD) have their advantages regarding the treatment of patients with renal failure. In CAPD, solute removal is sometimes insufficient in patients who have a relatively large muscle mass that produces high levels of creatinine. To compensate for this deficiency, frequent exchanges and ...
Cody June D - - 2012
Surgery performed to improve or replace the function of the diseased urinary bladder has been carried out for over a century. Main reasons for improving or replacing the function of the urinary bladder are bladder cancer, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, detrusor overactivity and chronic inflammatory diseases of the bladder (such as ...
Chen Jin-Bor - - 2012
It is well known that the quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease can be improved by dialysis. While previous studies have used retrospective designs and adhered to a standard target prescribed by clinical guidelines, our study prospectively investigates the association between the adequacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD) ...
Thorpe Neil - - 2012
To use police STATS19 road casualty data and accident and emergency and in-patient information to estimate the impact of mobile safety cameras on the cost of treating individuals injured in road traffic collisions. A data-matching and costing exercise to link casualty and clinical information in a 'before' and 'after' study ...
Ghane Mohammad Reza MR Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2012
Procedural sedation in children continues to be a problem in the emergency department (ED). Midazolam is the first water-soluble benzodiazepine and it has been widely used for procedural sedation in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was evaluation of clinical safety and effectiveness of intramuscular Midazolam for pediatric sedation ...
Ohashi Toru - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: Abnormal action potential (AP) recovery from adaptation was manifested as increased recovery (iR) or decreased recovery (dR) relative to the normal recovery range. dR was not analyzed statistically due to the very small number of cases. iR is considered an unfavorable prognostic indicator, whereas a normal AP recovery ...
Quenet S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of a systematically planned compression ultrasonography (SP-CUS) to detect venous thrombotic complications (VTCs) in patients with symptomatic isolated superficial vein thrombosis (SVT). DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of a prospective, multicentre, cohort study (POST). PATIENTS: As many as 537 patients with CUS-confirmed isolated SVT undergoing an ...
Tosteson Anna N A - - 2011
Cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomized plus observational cohort trial. Analyze cost-effectiveness of Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial data over 4 years comparing surgery with nonoperative care for three common diagnoses: spinal stenosis (SPS), degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), and intervertebral disc herniation (IDH). Spine surgery rates continue to rise in the United ...
Phares Christina R - - 2011
During May 4, 2007-February 29, 2008, the United States resettled 6,159 refugees from Tanzania. Refugees received pre-departure antimalarial treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), partially supervised (three/six doses) artemether-lumefantrine (AL), or fully supervised AL. Thirty-nine malaria cases were detected. Disease incidence was 15.5/1,000 in the SP group and 3.2/1,000 in the partially ...
Távora-Vieira Dayse - - 2011
Abstract Objective: In this study, we aimed to explore a variation of the NTT standard protocol that would be more beneficial for those patients with hearing loss >50 dB HL in the worst ear (average hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 KHz). Study sample: This study involved 26 ...
Parsons Michael L - - 2011
Twenty-four specimen of macroalgae were collected in nearshore waters of the island of Hawaii, identified, and maintained to examine how the epiphytic relationship between Gambierdiscus toxicus (isolate BIG12) varied among the macroalgal species. Gambierdiscus cells were introduced to petri dishes containing 100 g samples of each macroalgal host, which were ...
Gletsu-Miller N N Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. - - 2012
The frequency of copper deficiency and clinical manifestations following roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is not yet clear. Objectives were to determine the prevalence and incidence of copper deficiency in patients who have undergone RYGB. We sought to determine the number of RYGB patients undergoing medical and nutritional follow-up visits ...
de Luis Daniel A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Zinc and copper are two essential trace elements. However, few studies have been conducted specifically to investigate these deficiencies in patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The aim of our work was to describe the influence of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on serum copper and zinc levels during 4 years. METHODS: We ...
Arba-Mosquera Samuel - - 2011
: Evaluating the application of 2 methods for minimizing the ablated tissue upon objective minimization of depth and time of Zernike-based customized ablations. : Muscat Eye Laser Center, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. : Recently developed algorithms for selection of Zernike terms in customized treatments for refractive surgery were used. Clinical ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2011
The utilization of surfactant replacement therapy had been limited in treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) due to the high cost especially in developing countries. Nowadays, the National Health Insurance Policy has covered the cost of surfactant for the patients. Therefore, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) may be found increasing due to ...
Carlisle Michael P - - 2011
To report our experience in the care of patients treated for velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) with sphincter pharyngoplasty (SP) with or without the addition of palatal lengthening by Furlow palatoplasty (FP). Retrospective analysis. Tertiary care cleft palate and craniofacial clinic. Forty-six children with VPI, most of whom had palatal clefts, treated ...
Ghosh Manab Kumar - - 2011
Snakebite remains a public health problem in India, occurring most frequently in the summer and rainy seasons. Bites are maximal in lower limbs. Victims are typically male and between 17 and 27 years of age. Children and the elderly have higher mortality. The worst affected states are Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil ...
Morosetti Massimo - - 2011
Vascular access (VA) complications account for a significant number of hospital admissions in dialysis and have substantial costs. A native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannot be successfully obtained in all patients. At our center, we established an autogenous brachial-basilic AVF (BBAVF) in the upper arm in patients with a failed forearm ...
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