Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2099
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Russell Robert D - - 2013
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication after total hip and total knee arthroplasty. Currently used methods of VTE prophylaxis after these procedures have important limitations, including parenteral administration, and unpredictable plasma levels requiring frequent monitoring and dose adjustment leading to decreased patient compliance with recommended guidelines. New oral anticoagulants ...
Al-Obeidan Saleh A - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy and safety of deep sclerectomy (DS) in Saudi patients with primary and secondary open-angle glaucoma (OAG). In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 194 eyes of 152 patients with OAG were consecutively enrolled to undergo DS with Mitomycin-C (MMC) at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, ...
Percarpio Katherine B - - 2013
Empirical evidence is limited that root cause analysis (RCA), an event analysis tool used in health care to evaluate the systemic factors that lead to adverse events, improves patient safety. A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between RCA and patient safety. RCA data were collected for the ...
Yessayan Lenar - - 2013
Objective. We aimed to demonstrate safety and efficacy of intravenous (IV) low molecular weight iron dextran (LMWID) during treatment of anemic stage 3 and 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Methods. Efficacy data was obtained by retrospective chart review of 150 consecutively enrolled patients. Patients were assigned per protocol to ...
Singh Chanchal - - 2013
A 27-year-old woman with junctional epidermolysis bullosa (EB) presented with primary amenorrhoea and massive haematometra. Considering her severe physical handicap and anticipated problems in optimising menstrual hygiene, the patient and her parents opted for hysterectomy which was performed uneventfully. The patient was recovering well postoperatively until the eighth postoperative day ...
Machorowska-Pieniążek Agnieszka - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of 3% ethanol extract of propolis (EEP) on hygiene, gingival and microbiological status of oral cavity in patients with cleft lip and palate treated with fixed orthodontic appliances. The study included forty-one nonsyndromic complete unilateral of bilateral cleft lip and ...
Ibrahim Mohamed A - - 2013
This study was designed to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of intravenous infusion of CA4P in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Prospective, interventional, dose-escalation clinical trial. Eight patients with neovascular AMD refractory to at least 2 sessions of photodynamic therapy received CA4P at a dose of 27 ...
Benjamin Evan M - - 2013
Background: With the impetus for healthcare reform and the imperative for healthcare organizations to improve efficiency and reduce waste, it is valuable to examine high-volume procedures and practices in order to identify potential overuse. At the same time, organizations must ensure that improved efficiency does not inadvertently reducepatient safety. Methods: ...
Kuroda Yasufumi - - 2013
Edoxaban is an oral, once-daily, selective, direct factor Xa inhibitor approved in Japan for the prevention of venous thromboembolism following major orthopedic surgery. Currently, edoxaban is in Phase III clinical development for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation, and for the treatment and ...
Lombardo Luca - - 2013
This study compared the oral hygiene and caries risk of patients treated with labial and lingual orthodontic appliances throughout a prospective evaluation of the status of the oral environment before and after bracket placement. A total of 20 orthodontic patients aged 19 to 23 years were included in the study ...
Kwong Louis M LM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, - - 2013
Routine thromboprophylaxis represents the current standard of care in the management of patients following total hip or knee replacement. Legacy agents used to address the issue of risk of venous thromboembolism present barriers to use, either by the need for monitoring and dose adjustment (warfarin) or the need for injection ...
Jászay Tomás - - 2013
The genus Lomechusoides Tottenham, 1939 is redescribed, the definition of species groups and the key to these groups is provided. The revision of the species group L. amurensis as well as the key to the identification of this group is given. The amurensis species group contains following species: L. amurensis ...
Li Wen-Rong WR Department of Biology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200234, P. R. China; Email: - - 2013
A new species of the Stenus cephalotes group, S. mawenliae sp. n. from Guangxi, South China, is described and illustrated. The latest key to Chinese species of the group is modified to include the new species.
Quraishi N A NA Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queens Medical Centre Campus of Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Derby Road, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. - - 2013
Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) requires expeditious treatment. While there is no ambiguity in the literature about the urgency of care for patients with MSCC, the effect of timing of surgical intervention has not been investigated in detail. The objective of our study was to investigate whether or not the ...
Park Kyung Woo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the safety and efficacy of the Xience V/Promus everolimus-eluting stent (EES; Abbott Vascular, Temecula, California) with the Endeavor Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES-R; Medtronic Cardiovascular, Santa Rosa, California) in "all-comer" cohorts. BACKGROUND: Only 2 randomized controlled trials have compared these stents. METHODS: The EXCELLENT (Efficacy ...
Lozano-Blasco J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of Privigen(®), a 10% intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), in a particular group of paediatric patients (highly sensitive to previous IVIG infusion) affected with Primary Immunodeficiencies (PID). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients (n=8) from 3 to 17 years old diagnosed of ...
Min Hu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study is a meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of the application of adjuvant material in the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse and a sub-category analysis of the use of nonabsorbable synthetic mesh, biological graft and absorbable synthetic mesh. METHOD: Pubmed, Embase and Ovid databases were searched ...
Meinberg Maria Cristina de Avila - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of oral chlorhexidine hygiene with toothbrushing on the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a mixed population of critically ill patients under prolonged mechanical ventilation. Prospective, randomized, and placebo-controlled pilot study. Patients who were receiving mechanical ventilation, had been admitted less than 24 hours prior, and were ...
Beyer-Westendorf J - - 2012
Prospective trials have shown that rivaroxaban thromboprophylaxis is superior over low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing hip and knee replacement surgery. However, patients treated under trial conditions are different from unselected routine patients, which may affect efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Nair Sanjeev U - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of shivering in cardiac arrest survivors who undergo therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is varied. Its occurrence is dependent on the integrity of multiple peripheral and central neurologic pathways. We hypothesized that cardiac arrest survivors who develop shivering while undergoing TH are more likely to have intact central neurologic ...
Böhmer A B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: While positive short-term effects of the use of safety checklists have previously been reported by personnel, it is unclear to which extent these effects are maintained for a long-term period. The aim of the present study was to evaluate perioperative safety standards and the quality of interprofessional cooperation from ...
De Siena F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mouthrinses containing 0.05% chlorhexidine + 0.05% fluoride solution on early dental plaque regrowth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty periodontally healthy subjects were included in the study. A crossover 4-day plaque regrowth protocol was adopted. The test product was initially used in ...
Campolmi P - - 2012
Background  CO(2) laser has not only become the most widely used laser in dermatological surgical practice, but it has also proved to be highly effective in treating aesthetic imperfections. Objective  To examine the efficacy and safety of a novel fractional CO(2) laser combined with a radiofrequency device in different dermatological, ...
Wu Guofeng G Emergency Department, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College, No. 28, Guiyijie Road, Liuguangmen, Guiyang City, Guizhou Province 550004, PR China. - - 2013
To observe the effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on perihematomal glutamate level and neurological function. Forty-eight rabbits were randomly placed into a model control group (MC group, 24 rabbits) or a minimally invasive group (MI group, 24 rabbits). An ICH model ...
Li Jingang - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We define clinical predictors of neurological outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy undergoing hypothermia therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one neonates underwent selective head cooling between 2004 and 2010 and followed neurologically for ≥24 months were investigated retrospectively. Patients were divided according to the neurological outcome at two ...
Vazquez José A - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this prospective phase II, randomized, investigator-blinded study (NCT00690378) was to compare the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime-avibactam and imipenem-cilastatin in hospitalized adults with serious complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) due to Gram-negative pathogens. Patients and methods: Patients aged between 18 and 90 years with cUTI ...
Mochizuki Takeshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors have been available in recent years for treating early and established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Twice-weekly administration of 25 mg etanercept (ETN) has demonstrated efficacy and safety. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of once-weekly administration of 50 mg ETN (ETN50), and to compare ...
Kim Jin Joo - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the gonadal hormones in patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest following prospectively good (cerebral-performance category [CPC] 1-2) and poor (CPC 3-5) neurologic outcomes. METHODS: The patients in an emergency center who had been admitted to the center's intensive care unit (ICU) after successful ...
As-Sultany Mohammed - - 2012
Assessing the efficacy and safety profiles of new oral direct Factor Xa (FXa) inhibiting anticoagulants compared with low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) in elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). The literature review only searched for randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) published before September 2011. Five eligible THA RCTs with a total ...
Donovan Gail - - 2012
We need a reliable mechanism to tell when the catheter tip has moved.
Aydintug Yavuz Sinan - - 2012
Objective: When a mandibular third molar is partially impacted in the soft tissue, it must be determined whether the extraction wound should be left partially open or completely closed. We hypothesize that a blood clot preserving a surgical wound with easily cleanable surfaces by primary closure and drain application would ...
Hu An Bin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of steroid-minimization in liver transplantation (LT) recipients with hepatitis B virus related deceases in China. METHODS: Between March 2000 and June 2007, 502 adult LT recipients mostly with hepatitis B related primary diseases were enrolled in a prospective open-label nonrandomized single-centre study. Four ...
Peng Bo - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Thulium laser is a new generation of surgical laser. It is a minimally invasive technology with several advantages, including rapid vaporization and minimal tissue damage and bleeding. However, details regarding the safety and efficacy of thulium laser in treating ...
Sim Benjamin Wc - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy of "Judders" as a technique reflecting adequacy of removal of ophthalmic viscoelastic device (OVD) in cataract surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive, single surgeon study. PARTICIPANTS: Cohort of 223 patients undergoing phacoemulsification. METHODS: "Judders" are periodic, abrupt, horizontal displacements of the IOL causing Balanced Salt Solution to ...
Mamoulakis Charalampos - - 2013
Pooled data from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with short-term follow-up have shown a safety advantage for bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) compared with monopolar TURP (M-TURP). However, RCTs with follow-up >12 mo are scarce. To compare the midterm safety/efficacy of B-TURP versus M-TURP. From July 2006 to June ...
Bertaglia Emanuele - - 2012
Persistent Electrical Isolation of Pulmonary Veins Introduction: Aim of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of the new ThermoCool Surround Flow(®) catheter (SFc) versus the ThermoCool(®) (TCc) in achieving persistent circumferential electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins (PVs) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results: This ...
Storti E - - 2012
Regular home care by the patient in addition to professional removal of subgingival plaque is generally very effective in controlling most inflammatory periodontal diseases. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness in removing plaque, a new tool for oral hygiene, suitable for any type of population, associating ...
Zenthöfer Andreas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral hygiene and health of the institutionalized elderly are frequently described as inadequate. OBJECTIVES: This randomized and single-blinded (outcome evaluation) study compared three types of intervention for improving oral hygiene with a control. The purpose was to investigate whether there were any significant differences between the intervention and control ...
Shaheen Nicholas J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ongoing gastroesophageal reflux may impair healing and re-epithelialization after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Because prior fundoplication may improve reflux control, our aim was to assess the relationship between prior fundoplication and the safety/efficacy of RFA. METHODS: We assessed the U.S. RFA Registry, a nationwide registry of ...
Zierer Andreas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The use of selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) makes deep hypothermia nonessential for aortic arch replacement. Consequently, a growing tendency to increase the body temperature during circulatory arrest with ACP has recently been reported from various institutions. However, very little is known about the clinical effect of different modes ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in patients with knee osteoarthritis, whether seated postural control is a multivariate predictor of gait speed, after adjusting for the effects of conventional knee impairments. Sixty-seven patients with knee osteoarthritis awaiting total knee replacement participated. To measure seated postural control, patients sat ...
Hirasawa Yosuke - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Transurethral enucleation with bipolar (TUEB) has been widely adopted as an alternative to standard TURP, although the surgical technique, efficacy and safety of TUEB have not been described so far. ...
Brezan Florin - - 2012
Intracranial hemorrhages (ICH) might be the cause of significant psycho-motor or cognitive impairment in preterm babies. A 5 year cohort study performed in the IOMC was aimed at determining the prevalence and proportion of the main types of ICH diagnosed by transfontanelar (TF) ultrasound among admitted preterms, along with the ...
Aleksejūniene J - - 2012
The present study hypothesised that interventions based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) are more effective than the conventional approach in modifying oral hygiene behaviour in adolescents. A stratified random sampling method was used with subject groups (classrooms) randomly allocated to a control or to one of intervention groups ...
Nogueira Raul G RG Department of Neurology, Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. - - 2012
Present mechanical devices are unable to achieve recanalisation in up to 20-40% of large vessel occlusion strokes. We compared efficacy and safety of the Trevo Retriever, a new stent-like device, with its US Food and Drug Administration-cleared predecessor, the Merci Retriever. In this open-label randomised controlled trial, we recruited patients ...
Fine Daniel H - - 2012
AIMS: This study compared the antimicrobial effects of three commercial dentifrice formulations: sodium fluoride/triclosan/copolymer (TCN/C), stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate/zinc lactate (SnF(2) /SHMP) and sodium fluoride (NaF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five adults (15 men and 20 women; average age 33 years and pockets <5 mm) completed this double-blind, triple-crossover study. After washout, baseline samples ...
Núñez Julio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Peritoneal dialysis has been proposed as a therapeutic alternative for patients with refractory congestive heart failure. The objective of this study was to assess its effect on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with advanced heart failure and renal dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with advanced ...
Tsilimparis Nikolaos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course of health-related quality of life (HQL) over time in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) after complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: Prospective, single-center, nonrandomized cohort study using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire. RESULTS: ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
BackgroundThe balANZ trial recently reported that neutral pH, low glucose degradation product (biocompatible) peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions significantly delayed anuria and reduced peritonitis rates compared with conventional solutions. This article reports a secondary outcome analysis of the balANZ trial with respect to peritoneal membrane function.MethodsAdult, incident PD patients with residual ...
Liatsos George D GD 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Athens G. Gennimatas, Athens, Greece. - - 2012
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication in cirrhotic patients. Gram (-) (E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae), and Gram (+) (Streptococci, Staphylococci) bacteria are most frequently cultured from patients'ascites. Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is scarcely reported as a causative agent. Our objective is to describe Lm peritonitis as a clinical entity, ...
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