Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2077
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Wu Guofeng - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: To observe the effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on perihematomal glutamate level and neurological function. METHODS: Forty-eight rabbits were randomly placed into a model control group (MC group, 24 rabbits) or a minimally invasive group (MI group, 24 rabbits). An ...
Campolmi P - - 2012
Background  CO(2) laser has not only become the most widely used laser in dermatological surgical practice, but it has also proved to be highly effective in treating aesthetic imperfections. Objective  To examine the efficacy and safety of a novel fractional CO(2) laser combined with a radiofrequency device in different dermatological, ...
Li Jingang - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We define clinical predictors of neurological outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy undergoing hypothermia therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one neonates underwent selective head cooling between 2004 and 2010 and followed neurologically for ≥24 months were investigated retrospectively. Patients were divided according to the neurological outcome at two ...
Vazquez José A - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this prospective phase II, randomized, investigator-blinded study (NCT00690378) was to compare the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime-avibactam and imipenem-cilastatin in hospitalized adults with serious complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) due to Gram-negative pathogens. Patients and methods: Patients aged between 18 and 90 years with cUTI ...
Mochizuki Takeshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors have been available in recent years for treating early and established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Twice-weekly administration of 25 mg etanercept (ETN) has demonstrated efficacy and safety. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of once-weekly administration of 50 mg ETN (ETN50), and to compare ...
Kim Jin Joo - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the gonadal hormones in patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest following prospectively good (cerebral-performance category [CPC] 1-2) and poor (CPC 3-5) neurologic outcomes. METHODS: The patients in an emergency center who had been admitted to the center's intensive care unit (ICU) after successful ...
As-Sultany Mohammed - - 2012
Assessing the efficacy and safety profiles of new oral direct Factor Xa (FXa) inhibiting anticoagulants compared with low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) in elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA). The literature review only searched for randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) published before September 2011. Five eligible THA RCTs with a total ...
Donovan Gail - - 2012
We need a reliable mechanism to tell when the catheter tip has moved.
Aydintug Yavuz Sinan - - 2012
Objective: When a mandibular third molar is partially impacted in the soft tissue, it must be determined whether the extraction wound should be left partially open or completely closed. We hypothesize that a blood clot preserving a surgical wound with easily cleanable surfaces by primary closure and drain application would ...
Hu An Bin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of steroid-minimization in liver transplantation (LT) recipients with hepatitis B virus related deceases in China. METHODS: Between March 2000 and June 2007, 502 adult LT recipients mostly with hepatitis B related primary diseases were enrolled in a prospective open-label nonrandomized single-centre study. Four ...
Peng Bo - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Thulium laser is a new generation of surgical laser. It is a minimally invasive technology with several advantages, including rapid vaporization and minimal tissue damage and bleeding. However, details regarding the safety and efficacy of thulium laser in treating ...
Sim Benjamin Wc - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy of "Judders" as a technique reflecting adequacy of removal of ophthalmic viscoelastic device (OVD) in cataract surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive, single surgeon study. PARTICIPANTS: Cohort of 223 patients undergoing phacoemulsification. METHODS: "Judders" are periodic, abrupt, horizontal displacements of the IOL causing Balanced Salt Solution to ...
Mamoulakis Charalampos - - 2013
Pooled data from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with short-term follow-up have shown a safety advantage for bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) compared with monopolar TURP (M-TURP). However, RCTs with follow-up >12 mo are scarce. To compare the midterm safety/efficacy of B-TURP versus M-TURP. From July 2006 to June ...
Bertaglia Emanuele - - 2012
Persistent Electrical Isolation of Pulmonary Veins Introduction: Aim of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of the new ThermoCool Surround Flow(®) catheter (SFc) versus the ThermoCool(®) (TCc) in achieving persistent circumferential electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins (PVs) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results: This ...
Storti E - - 2012
Regular home care by the patient in addition to professional removal of subgingival plaque is generally very effective in controlling most inflammatory periodontal diseases. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness in removing plaque, a new tool for oral hygiene, suitable for any type of population, associating ...
Zenthöfer Andreas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral hygiene and health of the institutionalized elderly are frequently described as inadequate. OBJECTIVES: This randomized and single-blinded (outcome evaluation) study compared three types of intervention for improving oral hygiene with a control. The purpose was to investigate whether there were any significant differences between the intervention and control ...
Shaheen Nicholas J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ongoing gastroesophageal reflux may impair healing and re-epithelialization after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Because prior fundoplication may improve reflux control, our aim was to assess the relationship between prior fundoplication and the safety/efficacy of RFA. METHODS: We assessed the U.S. RFA Registry, a nationwide registry of ...
Zierer Andreas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The use of selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) makes deep hypothermia nonessential for aortic arch replacement. Consequently, a growing tendency to increase the body temperature during circulatory arrest with ACP has recently been reported from various institutions. However, very little is known about the clinical effect of different modes ...
Pua Yong-Hao - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in patients with knee osteoarthritis, whether seated postural control is a multivariate predictor of gait speed, after adjusting for the effects of conventional knee impairments. Sixty-seven patients with knee osteoarthritis awaiting total knee replacement participated. To measure seated postural control, patients sat ...
Hirasawa Yosuke - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Transurethral enucleation with bipolar (TUEB) has been widely adopted as an alternative to standard TURP, although the surgical technique, efficacy and safety of TUEB have not been described so far. ...
Brezan Florin - - 2012
Intracranial hemorrhages (ICH) might be the cause of significant psycho-motor or cognitive impairment in preterm babies. A 5 year cohort study performed in the IOMC was aimed at determining the prevalence and proportion of the main types of ICH diagnosed by transfontanelar (TF) ultrasound among admitted preterms, along with the ...
Aleksejūniene J - - 2012
The present study hypothesised that interventions based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) are more effective than the conventional approach in modifying oral hygiene behaviour in adolescents. A stratified random sampling method was used with subject groups (classrooms) randomly allocated to a control or to one of intervention groups ...
Nogueira Raul G - - 2012
Present mechanical devices are unable to achieve recanalisation in up to 20-40% of large vessel occlusion strokes. We compared efficacy and safety of the Trevo Retriever, a new stent-like device, with its US Food and Drug Administration-cleared predecessor, the Merci Retriever. In this open-label randomised controlled trial, we recruited patients ...
Fine Daniel H - - 2012
AIMS: This study compared the antimicrobial effects of three commercial dentifrice formulations: sodium fluoride/triclosan/copolymer (TCN/C), stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate/zinc lactate (SnF(2) /SHMP) and sodium fluoride (NaF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five adults (15 men and 20 women; average age 33 years and pockets <5 mm) completed this double-blind, triple-crossover study. After washout, baseline samples ...
Núñez Julio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Peritoneal dialysis has been proposed as a therapeutic alternative for patients with refractory congestive heart failure. The objective of this study was to assess its effect on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with advanced heart failure and renal dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with advanced ...
Tsilimparis Nikolaos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course of health-related quality of life (HQL) over time in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) after complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: Prospective, single-center, nonrandomized cohort study using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire. RESULTS: ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
BackgroundThe balANZ trial recently reported that neutral pH, low glucose degradation product (biocompatible) peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions significantly delayed anuria and reduced peritonitis rates compared with conventional solutions. This article reports a secondary outcome analysis of the balANZ trial with respect to peritoneal membrane function.MethodsAdult, incident PD patients with residual ...
Liatsos George D - - 2012
Abstract Backround. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication in cirrhotic patients. Gram (-) (E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae), and Gram (+) (Streptococci, Staphylococci) bacteria are most frequently cultured from patients'ascites. Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is scarcely reported as a causative agent. Objective. Our objective is to describe Lm peritonitis as ...
Glockzin Gabriel - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) provide a promising therapeutic option for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. The use of intraperitoneal oxaliplatin seems to further improve the efficacy of the combined treatment concept. Nevertheless, additional toxicity might be expected. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 03/2004 and 08/2010 307 ...
Fitzpatrick Margaret A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To describe a case of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis successfully treated with combination antibiotics, including intraperitoneal polymyxin B, with retentionof the catheter.CASE SUMMARY:A 54-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease receiving chronic PD and recent antibiotic and hospital exposure presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. ...
Cho Kyu-Hyang - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: This paper details how PD catheter revision may be an alternative option to catheter removal for refractory exit site infections and tunnel inefections. This involves the removal of the external cuff and infected tissue above the internal cuff, and creation of a new subcutaneous tunnel and ...
White Judith - - 2012
The PleurX peritoneal drainage catheter for drainage of malignant ascites in a community setting has been evaluated by the NICE Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme. This article outlines the evidence included in the Sponsor's submission, the independent critique by the External Assessment Centre (EAC) and the recommendations made by the Medical ...
Kaneishi Keisuke - - 2012
Bowel obstruction is one of the most common complications in patients with advanced cancer. Incomplete bowel obstruction is one of the leading causes of nausea and vomiting, which may result in a substantial impairment to quality of life. We explored the antiemetic activity of olanzapine against nausea and vomiting in ...
Parkar S M - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the periodontal status of patients among group of patients receiving hemodialysis in two super specialty renal institutes in the state of Gujarat. A cross-sectional study of 304 subjects, 152 subjects each in dialysis, and control group was conducted. Oral hygiene status was ...
Gadola Liliana L Centro de Nefrología, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. - - 2013
The present study evaluated the tool used to assess patients' skills and the impact on peritonitis rates of a new multidisciplinary peritoneal dialysis (PD) education program (PDEP). After the University Hospital Ethics Committee approved the study, the educational and clinical records of PD patients were retrospectively analyzed in two phases. ...
Worsøe J - - 2012
Aim:  Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) reduces symptoms in up to 80% of patients with faecal incontinence (FI). Its effects are not limited to the distal colon and the pelvic floor. Accordingly, spinal or supraspinal neuromodulation have been suggested as part of the mode of action. The effect of SNS on ...
Latus Joerg - - 2012
BackgroundChronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) can be complicated by encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), the most severe complication associated with long-term PD.MethodsIn this study, we retrospectively analysed 49 EPS patients regarding clinical presentation, histopathological findings, treatment and long-term clinical outcome at our referral centre. Patients were divided into two clinical categories: severe ...
Borges Boniek Castillo Dutra - - 2012
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the progression of sealed non-cavitated dentinal occlusal caries in a randomised controlled clinical trial. Materials and methods: Sixty teeth with non-cavitated dentinal occlusal caries were selected in patients with a high risk for caries. Patients were randomly divided into two groups so that each group included ...
Rocha Ana - - 2012
Peritonitis remains a common complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of this study was to analyze, in a PD center, long-term temporal trends in peritonitis rates, microbiology and outcomes. We treated 588 cases of peritonitis that occurred during 11,833.6 months at risk. Y-set and twin-bag disconnecting systems were introduced ...
Byun Yeo-Jue - - 2012
: To compare the efficacy of topical cyclosporine 0.05% (tCsA) and combined treatment with 1% methylprednisolone acetate for the treatment of moderate-to-severe chronic dry eye. : Forty-four patients with moderate-to-severe dry eye who had not responded to conventional treatment were treated with tCsA for 3 months. Twenty-one subjects (Group 1) ...
Kumar Amandeep - - 2012
Congenital spinal lipomas constitute an important group of lesions causing tethered cord syndrome. Management of these lesions is challenging and role of prophylactic surgery for these lesions is still controversial. Hence, current study was undertaken with the aim to evaluate the role of prophylactic surgery in the management of these ...
Koch Michael - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and clinical outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment in patients with severe refractory heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The PD treatment was performed in 118 patients [49.2% New York Heart Association (NYHA) III ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
The clinical benefits of using "biocompatible" neutral pH solutions containing low levels of glucose degradation products for peritoneal dialysis compared with standard solutions are uncertain. In this multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial, we randomly assigned 185 incident adult peritoneal dialysis patients with residual renal function to use either biocompatible ...
Ruhi Cağlar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Refractory congestive heart failure (RCHF), due to its high mortality and hospitalization rates, is a growing health problem. In this study, as an alternative and/or supportive treatment to conventional medical therapies, we have evaluated the clinical value of peritoneal ultrafiltration, performed as a single daily exchange with icodextrin or ...
Mehrazma Mitra - - 2012
Introduction. Early prediction of the efficacy of treatment in peritonitis complicating peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the best way to reduce morbidity. We studied the prognostic value of the third-day dialysis effluent leukocyte count after antibiotic therapy for prediction of treatment outcomes. Materials and Methods. Medical records of 31 children on ...
Shin Bo Sung - - 2012
We report a case of genital swelling in a patient receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. A physical examination did not identify any defect. Ultrasonography revealed a large hydrocele, and surgical repair brought resolution of the genital swelling. Two months later, however, the genital swelling had recurred and was not improved ...
de Moraes Thyago P - - 2012
A good catheter implantation technique is important to allow for effective peritoneal access function and long-term technique survival. Studies regarding results obtained by nephrologists in comparison with surgeons have been limited to small single-center experiences. Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the impact of the peritoneal dialysis ...
Miller Matthew - - 2012
Mechanical failure of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter is an important cause of technique failure. Fluoroscopic guidewire manipulation may be undertaken in an attempt to correct the failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of fluoroscopic manipulation of previously embedded PD catheters, the factors associated with ...
Hryszko T - - 2012
Purpose: It is advocated to delay the start of peritoneal dialysis (PD) at least 10-14 days after insertion of peritoneal catheter. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with catheter-related complications (CRC) in patients starting PD early (1-13 days) (ES) and late (14 days or more) (LS) ...
Spennato Pietro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic aqueductal stenosis is a cause of non communicating hydrocephalus which actual treatment by Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) could be assess without any interference with the etiology. The results of ETV in this indication could be therefore interpret as the results of the surgical procedure alone, without any additional ...
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