Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 2039
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Raiyawa Supaluk - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intra-ocular lens (IOLs) is the most commonly use organ substitute worldwide. Question of different type of IOLs which would offer different post operative visual acuity (VA) has been asked. OBJECTIVES: To compare the pre-operative and post operative visual acuity (VA) of cataract patients operated-patient and the use of non ...
Bahar Irit - - 2008
We report on the use of subconjunctival bevacizumab on corneal vessel density in recurrent pterygia. The charts of 5 patients with recurrent pterygium, who received subconjunctival injections of bevacizumab (2.5 mg/0.1 ml) were retrospectively reviewed. Ophthalmic evaluation included Snellen visual acuity (VA), tonometry and complete examination before the injection and ...
Krueger Ronald R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a new optical side effect associated with the IntraLASIK procedure. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and questionnaire of all patients treated with IntraLASIK from June 2004 to August 2005. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 585 eyes (312 patients) was divided sequentially into those treated with the older-model IntraLase laser ...
Karalezli Aylin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy, safety and tolerability of 1 mg intracameral triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in controlling ocular inflammation in patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients undergoing cataract extraction with phacoemulsification at the Department of Ophthalmology, Baskent University School of Medicine were randomized into two groups. ...
Kugelberg Maria - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate posterior capsule opacification (PCO) 2 years after cataract surgery following implantation of a hydrophilic or a hydrophobic single-piece acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) with a sharp edge. METHODS: Phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed in one eye of 120 patients with senile cataract in this prospective study. They were ...
Jones Sophie M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cause, management, and effect of chronic blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) on the cornea and visual function in children. DESIGN: Noncomparative, interventional, retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-seven children with BKC. METHODS: Presenting age, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refractive error, and any corneal or eyelid pathologic features were recorded. Treatment ...
Farid Marjan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the initial outcomes of utilizing a femtosecond laser to perform penetrating keratoplasty incisions in a zigzag pattern. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive surgical series. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing full-thickness corneal transplant surgery in a referral academic practice. METHODS: The IntraLase femtosecond laser performed matching donor and host zigzag incisions in ...
Oskouee Syed Jafar - - 2007
PURPOSE: Persistent corneal epithelial defect is a complication of vitreoretinal surgery. We assessed the efficacy of using bandage contact lenses in conjunction with topical indomethacin to facilitate wound healing and control pain safely. METHODS: Patients presenting with a persistent corneal epithelial defect after vitreoretinal surgery were assigned randomly to 1 ...
Greenbaum Aaron - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term reversibility of epikeratophakia. METHODS: Three human epikeratophakia lenticules (from 3 patients) were removed 7-14 years after refractive keratoplasty for aphakia (n = 1) and myopia (n = 2). Reasons for removal were irregular astigmatism (n = 1), opacities in the graft and host cornea, and ...
Freitas Lincoln Lemes - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of a combined 0.5% moxifloxacin and 0.1% dexamethasone formulation (Vigadexa) versus conventional dosing with 0.5% concomitant moxifloxacin (Vigamox) and 0.1% dexamethasone (Maxidex) for the prevention of infection and control of inflammation after cataract surgery. SETTING: The ophthalmology clinic and outpatient surgery suite of ...
Chiam Patrick J T - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the visual outcomes in patients with bilateral implantation of AcrySof ReSTOR multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) (Alcon Laboratories) or ReZoom multifocal IOLs (Advanced Medical Optics) 6 months after cataract surgery. SETTING: Orsett and Southend Hospital, Essex, United Kingdom. METHODS: This study comprised patients who had uneventful bilateral cataract ...
Cao Xiangrong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most cases of exogenous endophthalmitis occur after intraocular surgery. Although phacoemulsification is quick and convenient, there are some risks involved, and infection is one of them. This study investigated the associated factors and methods of prevention and treatment of endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of ...
Prakash Gaurav - - 2007
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) on the accommodative convergence per unit of accommodation (AC/A) ratio in otherwise normal orthotropic myopic patients. SETTING: Cornea and refractive services of a tertiary-care ophthalmic center. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial consisted of 61 myopic patients who had ...
Zhou Zhongxia - - 2007
PURPOSE: To model the possible impact of using average-power intraocular lenses (IOLs) and evaluate the postoperative refractive error in patients having cataract surgery in rural China. SETTING: Rural Guangdong, China. METHODS: Patients having cataract surgery by local surgeons were examined and visual function was assessed 10 to 14 months after ...
Foerster Claudia G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the time necessary for complete epithelial healing after penetrating keratoplasty carried out for various corneal dystrophies. METHODS: In a retrospective single-center study, 679 eyes that underwent nonmechanical keratoplasty were evaluated concerning postoperative epithelial healing time. On the basis of corneal pathology, the eyes were divided into 5 ...
Iizuka Megumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The most desirable effect following cataract surgery in the presence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is to obtain an improvement in distance resolution acuity, and the only optical solution to this is the use of telescopic magnification. The purpose of the study was to develop and verify the clinical ...
Harman F E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the binocular near vision performance in patients implanted with the 1CU accommodating intraocular lens (IOL) with a multifocal and monofocal IOL. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety patients presenting for cataract surgery to the Department of Ophthalmology, Hillingdon Hospital were randomized to receive the 1CU ...
Güell Jose Luis - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report long-term results of Artisan-Verisyse phakic intraocular lenses (PIOLs) to correct myopia, hyperopia, and/or astigmatism and the percentage of additional keratorefractive surgery to eliminate residual refractive errors. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: From January 1996 to January 2003, 399 Artisan-Verisyse PIOLs were consecutively implanted. To correct ...
Kymionis George D - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present 15-year follow-up of one of the first LASIK-treated patients. METHODS: A 40-year-old woman underwent LASIK in the left eye for myopia in July 1991. RESULTS: Fifteen years after LASIK, spherical equivalent error was statistically significantly reduced from preoperative -8.75 -3.75 x 025 degrees to postoperative -4.25 -2.75 ...
Gemoules Greg - - 2007
PURPOSE: Even in the absence of significant residual refractive error, patients can be highly symptomatic after corneal refractive surgery. The presence of glare, halos, monocular polyopia, and loss of contrast are principally caused by the presence of higher-order aberrations. This study investigated the efficacy of rigid gas-permeable contact lenses in ...
Gatinel Damien - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive outcome of two ablation zone designs using LASIK for the correction of compound myopic astigmatism. METHODS: This retrospective study compared refractive outcomes in two groups of patients undergoing LASIK. In the circular treatment group, 45 eyes were corrected with circular optical and transition zones of ...
Yoeruek Efdal - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical safety of a taurine containing irrigation solution (AcriProTect) before its routine application in pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). METHODS: Twenty-five patients who underwent PPV were included in this prospective interventional clinical study. Standard irrigation solution containing the addendum 3 mmol/L taurine was used during PPV. Postoperative ...
Gesell L B - - 2007
A 49 y/o female under went 48 hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) treatments at 2.5 ATA (atmospheres absolute) (253 kPa) for 90 minutes for chronic refractory osteomyelitis of the sacrum and recurrent failure of a sacral myocutaneous flap. Prior to HBO2 therapy, formal ophthalmic exams revealed myopia but no evidence of cataract ...
Takhchidi Khristo P - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the ratio of defocus (Z4) to spherical aberration (Z12) in patients with optimal visual performance 10 years after multifocal aspheric photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: The optimal ratio of defocus to spherical aberration was determined in 16 presbyopic patients (32 eyes) with 10-year follow-up after aspheric multifocal PRK ...
Schallhorn Steven - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the Visian Toric Implantable Collamer Lens (TICL), a toric phakic intraocular lens (IOL), and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in the correction of moderate to high myopic astigmatism. METHODS: This prospective, randomized study consisted of 43 eyes implanted with the TICL (20 bilateral cases) and 45 eyes receiving PRK ...
Nakano Eliane Mayumi - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of mitomycin C (MMC) in preventing haze formation in surface wavefront customized ablations with successful refractive treatment (laser epithelial keratomileusis [LASEK]) and to evaluate the safety of this technique on corneal stroma and endothelium. METHODS: This study was a prospective, double-masked, randomized clinical trial involving ...
Doga Alexander V - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate corneal wound healing using confocal microscopy in patients who underwent laser thermokeratoplasty (LTK) for hyperopia between +1.50 and +3.00 diopters (D). METHODS: In a prospective, nonrandomized study, 78 eyes of 42 patients were followed for 1 year using contact and non-contact confocal microscopy to evaluate corneal appearance ...
Doganay Selim - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the preservation-to-surgery interval on corneal allograft survival in low-risk patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen donor corneas obtained from an overseas eye bank were preserved and transported overseas in Optisol-GS solution (Chiron Vision, Irvine, CA) in Group 1. Thirty fresh, young, healthy, and ...
Gamaly Tamer O - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare refractive outcome, subepithelial haze, and pain after epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (epi-LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized study, 32 eyes of 16 patients were treated for myopia with epi-LASIK (epi-LASIK group) in one eye and PRK in the fellow eye (PRK group). ...
Stahl Jason E - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term safety, efficacy, and stability of conductive keratoplasty (CK) in the treatment of presbyopia. METHODS: Ten near-plano presbyopic patients (6 women and 4 men) underwent unilateral CK with standard-pressure technique in the non-dominant eye to improve their near vision. Mean age was 51+/-3.1 years (range: 46 ...
Tarnawska Dorota - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the protective ability of the soft-shell technique in patients with senile cataract and Fuchs' dystrophy having phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Railway Hospital, Katowice, Poland. METHODS: Sixty-one eyes of 54 patients (37 women, 17 men) with clinically confirmed Fuchs' dystrophy and cataract ...
Kymionis George D - - 2007
A 21-year-old woman had crosslinking for keratoconus in the right eye; the left eye was scheduled for penetrating keratoplasty. Five days postoperatively, she presented with geographic epithelial keratitis and iritis. Analysis of tear samples by polymerase chain reaction confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was treated with oral steroids and acyclovir, ...
Durrie Daniel S - - 2007
The present study, which was designed as a prospective, double-masked, randomized, controlled, single-site study, was conducted to compare the effects of 3 approved ophthalmic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.1% (Nevanac; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, Tex), ketorolac tromethamine ophthalmic solution 0.4% (Acular LS; Allergan, Irvine, Calif), and bromfenac 0.09% ...
Duong Hon-Vu Q - - 2007
To compare the clinical, subjective, and objective outcomes of the use of 2 topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs--ketorolac tromethamine LS 0.4% (Acular) and nepafenac 0.1% (Nevanac)--in patients having cataract surgery. Single-center private practice, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. One hundred eighty-three patients (193 eyes) with visually significant cataract were recruited for the ...
Assi Alexandre - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyse the postoperative anatomic and functional outcomes in addition to complications after combined lensectomy, vitrectomy, and primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with traumatic eye injury. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with traumatic cataract and posterior segment injury who underwent combined lensectomy, vitrectomy, and primary IOL implantation ...
Nassiri N - - 2009
PURPOSE: Immediate sequential cataract surgery (ISCS) is still a controversial procedure. We compared the clinical and patient-reported outcomes of ISCS vs the usual delayed sequential cataract surgery (DSCS). METHODS: Selected patients with bilateral cataracts were assigned nonrandomly and according to their preferences to either ISCS in one session (intervention group) ...
Park Kyung-Ah - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical outcome of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in Korean patients with Avellino dystrophy. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 4 eyes (4 patients) with recurrent Avellino dystrophy after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). Genetic study was performed on 2 patients to confirm the diagnosis. Partial-thickness donor ...
Moon Jong Wook - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of homozygous granular corneal dystrophy type II (GCDII) with age and with several kinds of treatment in 18 homozygous patients in several different conditions. METHODS: Eighteen homozygous GCDII patients, confirmed with DNA analysis, of 13 families were enrolled. Their clinical features that include age ...
Kim Hans H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of upper eyelid surgery on ocular surface sensation and tear production. METHODS: Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series. Patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty or blepharoptosis repair were evaluated with measurements of their corneal sensation and tear production using a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer and the Schirmer 1 test ...
Alió Jorge - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of customized corneal wavefront-guided retreatment in symptomatic patients with highly aberrated corneas following LASIK. METHODS: This prospective study included 75 eyes of 59 patients with significant visual symptoms who underwent LASIK for the correction of residual refractive error. Ablation profiles were calculated using ...
Raizman Michael B - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two formulations of prednisolone acetate 1% in reducing postoperative inflammation in patients having primary phacoemulsification surgery with IOL implantation. METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted in randomized, double-masked fashion with a parallel active control group. Patients undergoing phacoemulsification surgery with IOL implantation were assigned ...
Monteiro M - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare a new scleral fixation foldable intraocular lens (IOL), the Ophtec PC 425Y 6/13.5, with the scleral fixation rigid IOL Alcon CZ 70 BD, as regards efficacy, surgical complications, advantages, disadvantages, and surgery costs in cases with no capsule support. MATERIAL AND ...
Sun Young - - 2007
A 31-year-old woman developed pain, decreased vision, and a corneal flap infiltrate 4 days following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Treatment with topical antibiotic agents did not improve the symptoms. Approximately 2 weeks after surgery, the patient was referred to Stanford University, with 20/400 visual acuity in the left eye ...
van Westenbrugge John A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe small spot phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) using the NIDEK EC-5000 excimer laser for the treatment of recurrent corneal erosion. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed patients with recurrent comeal erosion who were treated using small spot PTK. An electronic medical records database was used to retrieve patient data. RESULTS: ...
Camesasca F I - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare two different postcataract surgery antibiotic/steroid therapeutic combinations, for clinical results as well as patient satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective randomized clinical trial of patients with bilateral operative cataract. Postoperatively, for 15 days one eye was randomly assigned to therapy with the combination chloramphenicol 0.25%-betamethasone 0.13% gel three times a ...
Aznabayev R A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present results of experience with the authors" technique for intrascleral fixation of intraocular lenses for the correction of aphakia in the absence of capsular support. METHODS: Eleven patients (four children and seven adults) underwent surgery with the use of the method proposed by the authors (11 operations). The ...
Gregori Ninel Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features, management, and visual outcome in patients with Candida endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Bascom Palmer Eye Institute Microbiology Laboratory database and corresponding medical records were reviewed from 1980 to 2006. RESULTS: Five patients were identified. Endophthalmitis developed 7 to ...
Shoja Mohammad R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of donor-recipient trephine-size disparity on spherical equivalent, and visual outcomes in penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical study conducted between April 2000 and April 2004 in the Ophthalmology Department, Shaheed Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd, Iran. Forty patients with keratoconus were randomly assigned to ...
Adio, AO; ;
Background: Cataract affects some 16 million people globally. In Rivers State, Nigeria, it is responsible for half the 2.5% prevalence of blindness. The treatment is mainly surgical. Aim: To assess cataract operations in the Ophthalmic Unit of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Methods: All patients with cataracts operated ...
López-García J S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of autologous serum eyedrop application in aniridic keratopathy. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive, comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six eyes from 13 patients (7 males and 6 females) with aniridic keratopathy treated with autologous serum eyedrops. METHODS: All patients underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. The ocular surface ...
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