Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 2102
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Lundqvist Britta - - 2008
PURPOSE: A prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort study was performed to analyse gender-related differences in subjective and objective visual function 5 years after cataract surgery. METHODS: All patients (n = 810) who underwent cataract surgery during a 1-year period (1997-98) at Norrlands University Hospital in Umeå, Sweden, were studied with visual ...
Vasavada Abhay R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aqueous concentration of moxifloxacin following 2 dosing regimens of topically administered moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.5% (Vigamox). SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: In this prospective randomized triple-masked clinical trial, 156 patients having cataract surgery were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Edwards Jayson D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative healing between bandage contact lenses with high and low oxygen permeability in patients having photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). SETTING: Center for Refractive Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. METHODS: This retrospective study compared patients receiving a high-oxygen-transmission bandage contact lens (Focus Night & Day ...
Goldblum D - - 2008
AIMS: To compare the outcome of prophylactic oral valacyclovir (VAL) or oral acyclovir treatment (ACV) in patients having undergone penetrating keratoplasty for herpetic keratitis (HK). METHODS: All patients having received a penetrating keratoplasty for HK and being treated postoperatively with either oral VAL or oral ACV (inclusion period from 12/97 ...
Moilanen J A O - - 2008
AIM: To quantify human corneal recovery after moderate to high myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients (mean refraction -10.1 (SD 2.4) D) were examined preoperatively and postoperatively at day 1, 5 days, 2 weeks, 1, 3 and 6 ...
Roesel Martin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To compare a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic acrylic single-piece intraocular lens (IOL) in uveitis patients with respect to biocompatibility and visual outcome. METHODS: Prospective, randomized study in patients with noninfectious uveitis after phacoemulsification and implantation of either a hydrophobic AcrySof (group 1, n = 30) or a hydrophilic Akreos ...
Kongsap Pipat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare corneal endothelial cell loss between the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation and phacoemulsification. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred two eyes with age-related cataract were randomized to undergo either the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation (Group 1, 52 eyes) or phacoemulsification surgery (Group 2, 50 eyes) with implantation of a posterior chamber, ...
Dumbleton Kathryn A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate initial comfort and adaptation of currently successful low oxygen transmissibility soft lens wearers refitted with silicone hydrogel (SH) lenses for daily wear. METHODS: Fifty-five subjects were enrolled in a subject-masked 5-month clinical trial in which they wore 5 SH lenses in a randomized, crossover design. Comfort, burning, ...
Praveen Mamidipudi R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the effects and outcomes of DisCoVisc (hyaluronic acid 1.6%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) with those of the soft-shell technique using Viscoat (sodium hyaluronate 3.0%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) and Provisc (sodium hyaluronate 1.0%) in phacoemulsification. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial comprised ...
Williams Lloyd B - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively study the dependence of visual outcomes and patient satisfaction on corneal keratometry (K) in hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (49 eyes) who had ...
Saelens Isabelle E Y - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the technique of mushroom keratoplasty for patients with advanced keratoconus, with respect to postoperative astigmatism, visual improvement and stability, and endothelial cell count. METHODS: Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with advanced keratoconus received a mushroom keratoplasty at the Erasmus Medical Centre at Rotterdam between April 2003 and ...
Magli A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of strabismus in patients with developmental cataract rendered pseudophakic and how this influences their visual acuity. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 113 patients with developmental cataract who came under the authors' observation at the outpatient department of the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of ...
Praveen M R - - 2009
To compare the effects of cooled and room temperature BSS Plus solution on the central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior segment inflammation, and corneal endothelium in patients undergoing phacoemulsification. In this prospective, randomized study, 70 consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification were assigned to one of two groups: Group 1 (controls) (n=35) received ...
Zeng M - - 2008
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of phacoemulsification using torsional modality with different parameter settings for hard nucleus cataract extraction. A prospective, randomised clinical study. A clinical practice study conducted at the Cataract Service, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun-Yat-Sen University, and Guangzhou. One eye each from 198 consecutive patients with cataract ...
de la Paz María Fideliz - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term visual prognosis of corneal and ocular surface surgery in patients with congenital aniridia. METHODS: Retrospective comparative interventional case series on 88 eyes of 45 patients with congenital aniridia treated and/or operated on from 1956 to present. Corneal and ocular surface findings were identified and patients ...
Zhivov Andrey - - 2009
PURPOSE: To perform a qualitative assessment of the topical side-effects of mitomycin C on cornea after pterygium surgery. METHODS: In-vivo confocal microscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II in combination with the Rostock Cornea Module) was performed in 10 patients with unilateral primary pterygium. Mitomycin C 0.02% was applied topically to seven ...
Busin Massimo - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate a new surgical approach for the treatment of pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD). METHODS: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Ten eyes of 10 consecutive patients were included in the series. Inclusion criteria were a clinical diagnosis of PMCD, topographic astigmatism >10 D, and contact lens intolerance. The ...
Kaya Vedat - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal topographic characteristics of first-degree relatives of patients with keratoconus with corneal topography to determine the incidence of clinical keratoconus and topographic abnormalities. METHODS: Between February and August 2006, Orbscan II analysis was done in 144 eyes of 72 cases who were first-degree relatives of patients ...
Wang Qin-Mei - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of on-flap and off-flap epi-LASIK for moderate to high myopia. METHODS: This prospective, observer-masked, randomized study included 62 eyes of 31 patients with myopia who underwent off-flap epi-LASIK (epikeratome; Moria, Antony, France) in one eye (off-flap group) and on-flap epi-LASIK in the contralateral eye ...
Ghanem Vinícius C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare corneal reepithelialization, pain scores, ocular discomfort, and tear production after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and butterfly laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK). METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-masked study comprised 102 eyes of 51 patients who underwent laser refractive surgery. Each patient was randomized to have one eye operated on with ...
Kymionis George D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive outcomes after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for low to moderate myopic corrections using 2 excimer lasers with different repetition rates (200 Hz and 400 Hz). SETTING: University refractive surgery center. METHODS: This retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent PRK using the 200 Hz or ...
Chang David F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes, functional vision, and spectacle freedom in patients 70 years or younger with bilateral ReSTOR (Alcon Laboratories) or ReZoom (Advanced Medical Optics) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Private practice, Los Altos, California, USA. METHODS: Thirty patients had nonrandomized bilateral implantation of a ReZoom or ReSTOR multifocal IOL. ...
Suto Chikako - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes in patients with diabetic retinopathy and cataract who had panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) first and cataract surgery second in 1 eye and cataract surgery followed by PRP in the fellow eye. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital, Saitama, Japan. METHODS: Fifty-eight eyes of 29 patients ...
Yang Peizeng - - 2010
To quantitatively evaluate aqueous flare and cells in patients with Behcet's disease. This study included 30 Behcet's patients (52 eyes) with active uveitis. The patients were treated with immunosuppressive agents. Aqueous flare and cells were quantified using the laser flare-cell photometry before treatment and 1 and 2 months after treatment. ...
Yu Jing - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate patient satisfaction and visual symptoms after wavefront-guided LASIK. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-masked, controlled study comprised 200 eyes of 100 young patients who underwent LASIK for myopia and astigmatism. Patients were randomly divided into two different treatment groups: standard ablation using wavefront-optimized profiles (wavefront-optimized group) and aberration ...
Garweg J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is exposed to an increased risk of complications, including endophthalmitis and retinal detachment. The present analysis compares the outcomes and complications experienced in our own series of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of secondary posterior chamber IOL implantations performed ...
Samimi David B - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report recalcitrant unilateral epithelial ingrowth in two patients with ipsilateral weak eyelid closure. METHODS: Two patients with weak eyelid closure who underwent simultaneous, uncomplicated LASIK developed unilateral epithelial ingrowth. RESULTS: Eight months postoperatively, one patient presented with right-sided epithelial ingrowth. One month after removal, more extensive epithelial ingrowth ...
Kang S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical results of heparin surface modified (HSM) hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) with those of hydrophobic acrylic IOL. METHODS: One hundred patients with cataract were randomized to receive one of acrylic foldable IOLs after phacoemulsification: HSM hydrophilic acrylic IOL (n=50) BioVue3 (BioVue, OII, Ontario, CA, USA) ...
Hsu Hugo Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A staged, automated lamellar keratoplasty technique in patients with anterior corneal stromal dystrophy is described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the surgical records at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute from January 1999 to December 2003 was performed involving the above technique for anterior corneal dystrophies. ...
Price Marianne O - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether eye bank predissected corneal grafts provide outcomes comparable to surgeon-dissected grafts for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, double-masked clinical trial. METHODS: Twenty pairs of donor corneas were harvested. One cornea from each pair was randomized to be precut at an eye bank ...
Kaiserman Igor - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare a new insertion method using a suture with the standard forceps-assisted insertion of the lamellar corneal graft in Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). DESIGN: Interventional, comparative case series. METHODS: DSAEK was performed on 28 consecutive eyes of 28 patients (mean age +/- standard deviation, 72.5 +/- ...
Kim Jin-Hyoung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study measured the capsular bag diameter (CBD) of Asian eyes using a modified capsular measuring ring (CMR) after cataract surgery, and identified preoperative predictive factors for postoperative CBD and the change of capsular bag diameter after surgery. METHODS: This prospective study followed 25 eyes undergoing cataract surgery inserted ...
Caldwell Matthew - - 2008
To assess the effects of nepafenac on corneal epithelial healing time and pain control compared to placebo in patients undergoing photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) surgery. This randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, single-site study included 66 adults (132 eyes) undergoing bilateral PRK surgery. Patients received 1 drop three times daily of nepafenac 0.1% in ...
Murray Ian J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To measure losses in contrast sensitivity at different orientations of grating stimuli in refractive surgery patients and show the importance of orientation when higher-order aberrations (HOAs) are altered. SETTING: Manchester Centre for Vision, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom. METHODS: Contrast sensitivity for sine-wave gratings of 12 cycles ...
Utz Virginia Miraldi - - 2008
PURPOSE: To illustrate the challenges associated with a misaligned free flap (cap) and to report the outcome of applying wavefront-guided customized photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by conventional PRK ablation to correct residual refractive error and aberrations after LASIK free cap complications. METHODS: The clinical course and surgical interventions of two ...
Kohnen Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in posterior capsular opacification (PCO) between highly refractive silicone and hydrophobic acrylic foldable intraocular lenses (IOLs) with sharp and round edge designs 3 years after in-the-bag IOL implantation in subjects undergoing bilateral cataract surgery. DESIGN: Open-label, prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and ...
Tzelikis Patrick F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether implantation of an intraocular lens (IOL) with a modified anterior aspheric surface results in reduced spherical aberration and improved contrast sensitivity after cataract surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, interventional case series. METHODS: In an intraindividual randomized prospective study of 25 patients with bilateral cataract, an IOL with ...
Secchi A G - - 2008
PURPOSE: Cataract surgery in exudative uveitis is often followed by severe complications (pupillary seclusion/occlusion, dense posterior capsule/anterior vitreous opacification, cystoid macular edema following repeat YAG laser procedures) which often drastically limit functional recovery. Total removal of cataract, anterior vitrectomy, and scleral fixation of a posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) ...
Bansal Shveta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ability to perform biometry accurately on a dilated pupil can greatly facilitate the efficiency of a cataract service as it can be done on the day of surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability of axial length (AL) calculations in undilated pupils and measure ...
Khanal Santosh - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify any changes in corneal sensitivity and tear physiology after phacoemulsification and to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of ophthalmic lubricants. METHODS: The design of the study was longitudinal, parallel, randomised and double masked. Eighteen patients (average age 70.83 +/- 10.66 years, 7 males and 11 females) ...
Ricci B - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe bilateral penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in a newborn and to analyze the data of PKs performed in Italy during the 5-year period 1999-2003 in children under 4 years of age. METHODS: A male newborn had PK at age 3 months and 5 ...
Kim Chang Sik - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation on corneal endothelial cells. METHODS: Ahmed glaucoma valves were implanted in 30 eyes of 30 patients with refractory glaucoma. Corneal endothelial cell density and shape was prospectively evaluated in both the subject and fellow eyes of each patient. Corneal ...
Blaylock John F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate vision and quality of life and explore the correlation between vision and change of quality of life after bilateral refractive lens exchange of the Acrysof SA60D3 ReSTOR multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) for correction of ametropia in presbyopic populations. METHODS: Pre- and postoperatively, the National Eye Institute Refractive ...
Astle William F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term refractive, visual acuity, binocular vision, and quality-of-life outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) in children. SETTING: Non-hospital surgical facility with follow-up in a hospital clinical setting. METHODS: In this retrospective review, 56 eyes of 39 patients had PRK or LASEK under ...
Gunenc Uzeyir - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare visual performance of the refractive Array SA40N and the diffractive CeeOn 811E multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) and to evaluate the potential benefits of combining both multifocal IOLs in the same patient. METHODS: Two groups of cataract patients were unilaterally implanted with either the CeeOn diffractive (n = ...
Mallmann Felipe - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcome and complications in LASIK with reprocessed blades. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients' charts submitted to complete custom LASIK from January 2004 to June 2005. Inclusion criteria comprised surgical description of blade use and minimum follow-up of 1 month. The blade was reprocessed following a clinic protocol, ...
Gungor Inci - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the use of a custom-designed, fluid-ventilated, gas-permeable scleral lens in the treatment of patients under 13 years of age. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients under 13 years of age who were fitted with the Boston Scleral Lens at the Boston Foundation for ...
Pavan-Langston Deborah - - 2008
TOPIC: The successful use of the Boston keratoprosthesis in a severely inflamed ulcer in herpes zoster neurotrophic keratopathy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Approximately 10% to 20% of patients with herpes zoster will develop herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). Antiviral medication forms the foundation of pharmacologic treatment for acute herpes zoster, but management of ...
Heidemann David G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare 1-year postoperative visual acuity, refractive results, endothelial cell density (ECD), and complications in a consecutive group of patients who underwent deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty (DLEK) with those who underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PK) performed by 1 surgeon. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed results of 20 consecutive patients ...
Jaycock Philip D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate whether use of same-size donor and recipient trephines reduced myopia after penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred seventy-eight first grafts for keratoconus were reported to UK Transplant between April 1999 and December 2003. There were 234 and 644 grafts in the same-size ...
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