Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2089
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Kollias Aris N - - 2009
The point of interest of this retrospective case review is to study refractive changes caused by the hinged lamellar keratotomy and the refractive outcome after laser ablation in a second step within the scope of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in patients with penetrating keratoplasty. Data from eight patients obtained ...
Pirouzian Amir - - 2009
The current study aims to evaluate both safety and efficacy of Verisyse() (AMO, Irvine, CA) phakic anterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) in the reduction of clinically significant (>-8 D) myopic anisometropia in children who are noncompliant to traditional medical treatment including spectacle correction or contact lenses. Retrospective interventional case series. ...
Kaur Harmeet - - 2009
Myofibroblast development and haze generation in the corneal stroma is mediated by cytokines, including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), and possibly other cytokines. This study examined the effects of stromal PDGF-beta blockade on the development of myofibroblasts in response to -9.0 diopter photorefractive keratectomy in the rabbit. Rabbits that had haze ...
Meduri Alessandro - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of cysteine oral supplements in corneal wound healing after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: A total of 200 eyes (100 patients) underwent PRK. We divided patients into 2 groups; each group was composed of 50 patients (100 eyes). Group 1 patients were assigned to use oral ...
Terry Mark A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report 6 and 12 month results using precut tissue for Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and correlate donor characteristics with clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: We reviewed 100 donor corneas precut for 100 eyes of 90 DSAEK patients. METHODS: Our first 100 consecutive ...
Shah S K - - 2009
To evaluate the effect of anterior capsule polishing on the development of anterior capsule opacification (ACO) in patients undergoing cataract surgery. This prospective randomized observational double-masked clinical trial comprised 120 eyes of 60 consecutive patients with bilateral age-related cataract who underwent phacoemulsification. The patients were randomly assigned to one of ...
Jhanji Vishal - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the results after changing from conventional whole globe enucleation to in situ excision of donor corneas. METHODS: Donor corneal tissue retrieved by enucleation (n = 50) and in situ excision (n = 50) was quantitatively evaluated prospectively, and the main parameters ...
Lee Dong Kyu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the predicted and actual refractive errors of hydrophilic, one-piece, C-flex 570C (C-flex) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in simultaneous vitrectomy and lens extraction in various conditions. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine eyes of patients who had lens extraction between March 2004 and September 2005 were enrolled in a retrospective ...
Kucumen Raciha Beril - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal viscoelastic and intraocular pressure (IOP) changes measured by an ocular response analyzer (ORA) after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. SETTING: Yeditepe University Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: Fifty-one eyes scheduled for cataract surgery were included in the study. Corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor ...
Cui Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether a laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) has any significant advantage over a photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for correcting myopia. We undertook this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to examine possible differences in efficacy, accuracy, safety and side-effects between two methods, LASEK and PRK, for correcting myopia. METHODS: ...
Yoon Jin Sook - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess alterations in the tear film and ocular surface after frontalis suspension repair in patients with pediatric congenital ptosis with either intact or poor Bell's phenomenon. METHODS: The study involved 15 patients (23 eyes) with poor Bell's phenomenon (group 1) and 21 patients (33 eyes) with intact Bell's ...
Sutton Gerard - - 2008
PURPOSE: To ascertain the level and speed of visual recovery after penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed of 100 consecutive cases of penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus, performed between 1999 and 2005. Review assessed visual function and the speed at which patients achieved a functional best corrected ...
Barequet Irina S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in comeal sensitivity and tear function following myopic LASIK with thin femtosecond flaps. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to compare corneal sensitivity (filament), tear breakup time, and anesthetized Schirmer test preoperatively and at 1 week and 2 and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Seventy-two eyes of ...
Chan Annie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes between fellow eyes randomized to femtosecond laser-created flaps (femtosecond group) or mechanical keratome-created flaps (mechanical group) during wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, predictability, stability, changes in corneal optical aberrations, and low-contrast visual acuity before ...
Can Izzet - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the safety, efficacy, and functionality of half-moon supracapsular phacoemulsification, a variation of the nucleofractis technique, with those of the stop-and-chop technique. SETTING: Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, 2nd Ophthalmology Department, Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 100 eyes having phacoemulsification with the half-moon supracapsular (Group ...
Kim Mo Sae - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in astigmatism after corrective surgery in highly astigmatic epiblepharon patients compared with nonepiblepharon patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 37 patients with epiblepharon and 35 patients without epiblepharon, but with initial astigmatism > or =2 D. Demographic data and preoperative data for best-corrected visual ...
Falkner-Radler Christiane I - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate how adding vitrectomy to cataract surgery affects the accuracy of preoperative biometry and postoperative refractive outcomes. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Retinology and Biomicroscopic Lasersurgery, Rudolf Foundation Clinic, Vienna, Austria. METHODS: This study comprised 40 patients with vitreoretinal pathology and coexisting significant cataract (study ...
Singh S K - - 2008
A Prospective randomized controlled study was conducted to compare outcome of Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) using microscope or loupe magnification. Two hundred fifty one patient with mature cataract were randomly allocated to SICS-Fishhook Technique with either microscope (127 eyes) or loupe (124 eyes) magnification. Intra- and postoperative complications and ...
Sutton Gerard - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the safety and flap thickness predictability of LASIK using the IntraLase femtosecond laser. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 1000 consecutive LASIK cases was performed to assess the rate of intra- and postoperative complications and loss of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA). A subset of 260 eyes was ...
Stojanovic Aleksandar - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare treatments with wavefront optimized and custom-Q ablations. METHODS: Two consecutive groups of eyes were treated for myopia and astigmatism with surface ablation. One group was treated with wavefront optimized ablation and the second group was treated with custom-Q ablation. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative Q-values, higher order aberrations, ...
Costa D C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of treating corneal endothelial rejection with a subconjunctival injection of 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide in combination with topical application of 1% prednisolone acetate, as compared to treatment with an intravenous pulse of 500 mg methylprednisolone in combination with topical application of 1% prednisolone ...
Wollensak Gregor - - 2009
PURPOSE: Scleral crosslinking by the photosensitizer riboflavin and ultraviolet A (UVA) has been shown to increase significantly the scleral biomechanical rigidity and might therefore become a possible sclera-based treatment modality for progressive myopia. In the present study, the long-term effect of the new crosslinking method on biomechanical properties was investigated ...
Buchan J C - - 2008
PURPOSE: The volume of cataract surgery performed by trainee ophthalmologists in the UK, and the complication rates experienced by those trainees is unknown. As a result, no appropriate audit benchmark exists for trainees or their trainers. This study describes the surgical opportunities and rates of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) experienced ...
de Benito-Llopis Laura - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the residual refraction and visual results between the three- and six-month postoperative visits to detect the optimal moment for enhancement after myopic laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) with mitomycin C (MMC). DESIGN: Nonrandomized, interventional, prospective study. METHODS: One hundred and forty-one consecutive eyes that underwent LASEK with MMC ...
Edwards Jayson D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution 0.15% in patients with night-vision difficulties after laser refractive surgery. SETTING: Center for Refractive Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia, USA. METHODS: Six patients with significant night-vision complaints after refractive surgery were enrolled in this study ...
Magli A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) performed under topical anesthesia in children with myopic anisometropia. METHODS: Medium to high unilateral myopia was corrected in 18 patients by PRK. At the time of surgery patients were between 7 and 17 years of age (mean 10 years). ...
Jensen Michael K - - 2008
To determine differences in endophthalmitis rates with prophylactic use of third- versus fourth-generation fluoroquinolones in cataract surgery. University hospitals. This retrospective cross-sectional (prevalence) study looked at patients who had phacoemulsification at a university eye center over a 10-year period. A nosocomial infectious reporting database was used to report endophthalmitis occurrences. ...
Lane Stephen S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate posterior and anterior segment safety of an intracameral injection of moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution as prophylaxis for endophthalmitis in patients having cataract surgery. SETTING: Three private practices, the University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Stillwater, Minnesota, and the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. METHODS: In this ...
Wittig-Silva Christine - - 2008
PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial aims to provide evidence in relation to the efficacy and safety of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the management of progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Eligible eyes were separately randomized into either treatment or control groups. Collagen crosslinking was performed using 0.1% riboflavin (in 20% dextran ...
Ertan Aylin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the response to Intacs treatment in different age groups of patients with keratoconus. METHODS: One hundred nine eyes with keratoconus treated with Intacs by using femtosecond laser were divided into three groups according to age: group 1, 13 to 19 years old (n = 20); group 2, ...
Sitompul Ratna - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe corneal sensitivity changes caused by different incision methods-manual small-incision cataract surgery (manual SICS) and phacoemulsification-and their influence on tear film quantity and quality. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted in 30 subjects undergoing manual SICS or phacoemulsification. Corneal sensitivity was assessed before and 1, 7, ...
Fogagnolo P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To address the efficacy, safety, and stability of frontalis suspension of the upper eyelid with a silicone band for the treatment of severe congenital ptosis in infants. METHODS: Data from 22 pediatric patients undergoing unilateral frontalis suspension with silicone band were retrospectively reviewed with a follow-up ranging from 18 ...
Vaideanu Daniela - - 2008
We aimed to compare visual and refractive outcome following phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implant (IOL) and combined one-site phacotrabeculectomy. We performed a retrospective study of case records of patients who had temporal incision phacoemulsification with IOL or one-site phacotrabeculectomy, between June 1997 and June 2001. The patients were matched for ...
Jalali Shahrokh - - 2008
To assess delayed epithelialization and corneal haze related to nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.1% (Nevanac) use after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Private practice, Beverly Hills, California, USA. This retrospective comparative chart review comprised 69 eyes (44 patients) that were divided into 2 treatment groups that were not statistically significantly different in age ...
Srinivasan Renuka R Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry - 605 006, - - 2008
To study the efficacy of adding vancomycin in irrigating solutions, in comparison to topical antibiotic given preoperatively for a day, during phacoemulsification, in reducing the anterior chamber (AC) contamination. This was a prospective, interventional, hospital-based study. This was a study involving 400 eyes of 400 paitens, undergoing routine phacoemulsification between ...
Buckley Edward G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy, safety, and advisability of transscleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pediatric patients with no capsular support and to determine whether a 10-0 polypropylene suture should be used for this purpose. METHODS: A long-term retrospective interventional case series review of 33 eyes of 26 ...
Kamiya Kazutaka - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the time course of accommodative function after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation and to investigate the relationship between patient age and accommodation in ICL-implanted eyes. DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS: We prospectively examined 69 eyes of 40 consecutive patients with myopic refractive errors of -3.25 to ...
Edwards Jayson D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative healing between bandage contact lenses with high and low oxygen permeability in patients having photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). SETTING: Center for Refractive Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. METHODS: This retrospective study compared patients receiving a high-oxygen-transmission bandage contact lens (Focus Night & Day ...
Vasavada Abhay R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aqueous concentration of moxifloxacin following 2 dosing regimens of topically administered moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.5% (Vigamox). SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: In this prospective randomized triple-masked clinical trial, 156 patients having cataract surgery were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Lundqvist Britta - - 2008
PURPOSE: A prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort study was performed to analyse gender-related differences in subjective and objective visual function 5 years after cataract surgery. METHODS: All patients (n = 810) who underwent cataract surgery during a 1-year period (1997-98) at Norrlands University Hospital in Umeå, Sweden, were studied with visual ...
Goldblum D - - 2008
AIMS: To compare the outcome of prophylactic oral valacyclovir (VAL) or oral acyclovir treatment (ACV) in patients having undergone penetrating keratoplasty for herpetic keratitis (HK). METHODS: All patients having received a penetrating keratoplasty for HK and being treated postoperatively with either oral VAL or oral ACV (inclusion period from 12/97 ...
Moilanen J A O - - 2008
AIM: To quantify human corneal recovery after moderate to high myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients (mean refraction -10.1 (SD 2.4) D) were examined preoperatively and postoperatively at day 1, 5 days, 2 weeks, 1, 3 and 6 ...
Roesel Martin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To compare a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic acrylic single-piece intraocular lens (IOL) in uveitis patients with respect to biocompatibility and visual outcome. METHODS: Prospective, randomized study in patients with noninfectious uveitis after phacoemulsification and implantation of either a hydrophobic AcrySof (group 1, n = 30) or a hydrophilic Akreos ...
Magli A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of strabismus in patients with developmental cataract rendered pseudophakic and how this influences their visual acuity. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 113 patients with developmental cataract who came under the authors' observation at the outpatient department of the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of ...
Kongsap Pipat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare corneal endothelial cell loss between the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation and phacoemulsification. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred two eyes with age-related cataract were randomized to undergo either the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation (Group 1, 52 eyes) or phacoemulsification surgery (Group 2, 50 eyes) with implantation of a posterior chamber, ...
Dumbleton Kathryn A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate initial comfort and adaptation of currently successful low oxygen transmissibility soft lens wearers refitted with silicone hydrogel (SH) lenses for daily wear. METHODS: Fifty-five subjects were enrolled in a subject-masked 5-month clinical trial in which they wore 5 SH lenses in a randomized, crossover design. Comfort, burning, ...
Williams Lloyd B - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively study the dependence of visual outcomes and patient satisfaction on corneal keratometry (K) in hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (49 eyes) who had ...
Saelens Isabelle E Y - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the technique of mushroom keratoplasty for patients with advanced keratoconus, with respect to postoperative astigmatism, visual improvement and stability, and endothelial cell count. METHODS: Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with advanced keratoconus received a mushroom keratoplasty at the Erasmus Medical Centre at Rotterdam between April 2003 and ...
Praveen Mamidipudi R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the effects and outcomes of DisCoVisc (hyaluronic acid 1.6%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) with those of the soft-shell technique using Viscoat (sodium hyaluronate 3.0%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) and Provisc (sodium hyaluronate 1.0%) in phacoemulsification. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial comprised ...
Praveen M R - - 2009
To compare the effects of cooled and room temperature BSS Plus solution on the central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior segment inflammation, and corneal endothelium in patients undergoing phacoemulsification. In this prospective, randomized study, 70 consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification were assigned to one of two groups: Group 1 (controls) (n=35) received ...
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