Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2077
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Barequet Irina S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in comeal sensitivity and tear function following myopic LASIK with thin femtosecond flaps. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to compare corneal sensitivity (filament), tear breakup time, and anesthetized Schirmer test preoperatively and at 1 week and 2 and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Seventy-two eyes of ...
Chan Annie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes between fellow eyes randomized to femtosecond laser-created flaps (femtosecond group) or mechanical keratome-created flaps (mechanical group) during wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, predictability, stability, changes in corneal optical aberrations, and low-contrast visual acuity before ...
Can Izzet - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the safety, efficacy, and functionality of half-moon supracapsular phacoemulsification, a variation of the nucleofractis technique, with those of the stop-and-chop technique. SETTING: Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, 2nd Ophthalmology Department, Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 100 eyes having phacoemulsification with the half-moon supracapsular (Group ...
Kim Mo Sae - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in astigmatism after corrective surgery in highly astigmatic epiblepharon patients compared with nonepiblepharon patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 37 patients with epiblepharon and 35 patients without epiblepharon, but with initial astigmatism > or =2 D. Demographic data and preoperative data for best-corrected visual ...
Falkner-Radler Christiane I - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate how adding vitrectomy to cataract surgery affects the accuracy of preoperative biometry and postoperative refractive outcomes. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Retinology and Biomicroscopic Lasersurgery, Rudolf Foundation Clinic, Vienna, Austria. METHODS: This study comprised 40 patients with vitreoretinal pathology and coexisting significant cataract (study ...
Singh S K - - 2008
A Prospective randomized controlled study was conducted to compare outcome of Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) using microscope or loupe magnification. Two hundred fifty one patient with mature cataract were randomly allocated to SICS-Fishhook Technique with either microscope (127 eyes) or loupe (124 eyes) magnification. Intra- and postoperative complications and ...
Sutton Gerard - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the safety and flap thickness predictability of LASIK using the IntraLase femtosecond laser. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 1000 consecutive LASIK cases was performed to assess the rate of intra- and postoperative complications and loss of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA). A subset of 260 eyes was ...
Stojanovic Aleksandar - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare treatments with wavefront optimized and custom-Q ablations. METHODS: Two consecutive groups of eyes were treated for myopia and astigmatism with surface ablation. One group was treated with wavefront optimized ablation and the second group was treated with custom-Q ablation. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative Q-values, higher order aberrations, ...
Costa D C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of treating corneal endothelial rejection with a subconjunctival injection of 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide in combination with topical application of 1% prednisolone acetate, as compared to treatment with an intravenous pulse of 500 mg methylprednisolone in combination with topical application of 1% prednisolone ...
Wollensak Gregor - - 2009
PURPOSE: Scleral crosslinking by the photosensitizer riboflavin and ultraviolet A (UVA) has been shown to increase significantly the scleral biomechanical rigidity and might therefore become a possible sclera-based treatment modality for progressive myopia. In the present study, the long-term effect of the new crosslinking method on biomechanical properties was investigated ...
Buchan J C - - 2008
PURPOSE: The volume of cataract surgery performed by trainee ophthalmologists in the UK, and the complication rates experienced by those trainees is unknown. As a result, no appropriate audit benchmark exists for trainees or their trainers. This study describes the surgical opportunities and rates of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) experienced ...
de Benito-Llopis Laura - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the residual refraction and visual results between the three- and six-month postoperative visits to detect the optimal moment for enhancement after myopic laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) with mitomycin C (MMC). DESIGN: Nonrandomized, interventional, prospective study. METHODS: One hundred and forty-one consecutive eyes that underwent LASEK with MMC ...
Edwards Jayson D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution 0.15% in patients with night-vision difficulties after laser refractive surgery. SETTING: Center for Refractive Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia, USA. METHODS: Six patients with significant night-vision complaints after refractive surgery were enrolled in this study ...
Magli A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) performed under topical anesthesia in children with myopic anisometropia. METHODS: Medium to high unilateral myopia was corrected in 18 patients by PRK. At the time of surgery patients were between 7 and 17 years of age (mean 10 years). ...
Jensen Michael K - - 2008
To determine differences in endophthalmitis rates with prophylactic use of third- versus fourth-generation fluoroquinolones in cataract surgery. University hospitals. This retrospective cross-sectional (prevalence) study looked at patients who had phacoemulsification at a university eye center over a 10-year period. A nosocomial infectious reporting database was used to report endophthalmitis occurrences. ...
Lane Stephen S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate posterior and anterior segment safety of an intracameral injection of moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution as prophylaxis for endophthalmitis in patients having cataract surgery. SETTING: Three private practices, the University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Stillwater, Minnesota, and the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. METHODS: In this ...
Wittig-Silva Christine - - 2008
PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial aims to provide evidence in relation to the efficacy and safety of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the management of progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Eligible eyes were separately randomized into either treatment or control groups. Collagen crosslinking was performed using 0.1% riboflavin (in 20% dextran ...
Ertan Aylin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the response to Intacs treatment in different age groups of patients with keratoconus. METHODS: One hundred nine eyes with keratoconus treated with Intacs by using femtosecond laser were divided into three groups according to age: group 1, 13 to 19 years old (n = 20); group 2, ...
Sitompul Ratna - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe corneal sensitivity changes caused by different incision methods-manual small-incision cataract surgery (manual SICS) and phacoemulsification-and their influence on tear film quantity and quality. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted in 30 subjects undergoing manual SICS or phacoemulsification. Corneal sensitivity was assessed before and 1, 7, ...
Fogagnolo P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To address the efficacy, safety, and stability of frontalis suspension of the upper eyelid with a silicone band for the treatment of severe congenital ptosis in infants. METHODS: Data from 22 pediatric patients undergoing unilateral frontalis suspension with silicone band were retrospectively reviewed with a follow-up ranging from 18 ...
Vaideanu Daniela - - 2008
We aimed to compare visual and refractive outcome following phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implant (IOL) and combined one-site phacotrabeculectomy. We performed a retrospective study of case records of patients who had temporal incision phacoemulsification with IOL or one-site phacotrabeculectomy, between June 1997 and June 2001. The patients were matched for ...
Srinivasan Renuka - - 2008
To study the efficacy of adding vancomycin in irrigating solutions, in comparison to topical antibiotic given preoperatively for a day, during phacoemulsification, in reducing the anterior chamber (AC) contamination. This was a prospective, interventional, hospital-based study. This was a study involving 400 eyes of 400 paitens, undergoing routine phacoemulsification between ...
Jalali Shahrokh - - 2008
To assess delayed epithelialization and corneal haze related to nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.1% (Nevanac) use after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Private practice, Beverly Hills, California, USA. This retrospective comparative chart review comprised 69 eyes (44 patients) that were divided into 2 treatment groups that were not statistically significantly different in age ...
Buckley Edward G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy, safety, and advisability of transscleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pediatric patients with no capsular support and to determine whether a 10-0 polypropylene suture should be used for this purpose. METHODS: A long-term retrospective interventional case series review of 33 eyes of 26 ...
Kamiya Kazutaka - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the time course of accommodative function after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation and to investigate the relationship between patient age and accommodation in ICL-implanted eyes. DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS: We prospectively examined 69 eyes of 40 consecutive patients with myopic refractive errors of -3.25 to ...
Edwards Jayson D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative healing between bandage contact lenses with high and low oxygen permeability in patients having photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). SETTING: Center for Refractive Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. METHODS: This retrospective study compared patients receiving a high-oxygen-transmission bandage contact lens (Focus Night & Day ...
Vasavada Abhay R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aqueous concentration of moxifloxacin following 2 dosing regimens of topically administered moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.5% (Vigamox). SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: In this prospective randomized triple-masked clinical trial, 156 patients having cataract surgery were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Lundqvist Britta - - 2008
PURPOSE: A prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort study was performed to analyse gender-related differences in subjective and objective visual function 5 years after cataract surgery. METHODS: All patients (n = 810) who underwent cataract surgery during a 1-year period (1997-98) at Norrlands University Hospital in Umeå, Sweden, were studied with visual ...
Goldblum D - - 2008
AIMS: To compare the outcome of prophylactic oral valacyclovir (VAL) or oral acyclovir treatment (ACV) in patients having undergone penetrating keratoplasty for herpetic keratitis (HK). METHODS: All patients having received a penetrating keratoplasty for HK and being treated postoperatively with either oral VAL or oral ACV (inclusion period from 12/97 ...
Moilanen J A O - - 2008
AIM: To quantify human corneal recovery after moderate to high myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients (mean refraction -10.1 (SD 2.4) D) were examined preoperatively and postoperatively at day 1, 5 days, 2 weeks, 1, 3 and 6 ...
Roesel Martin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To compare a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic acrylic single-piece intraocular lens (IOL) in uveitis patients with respect to biocompatibility and visual outcome. METHODS: Prospective, randomized study in patients with noninfectious uveitis after phacoemulsification and implantation of either a hydrophobic AcrySof (group 1, n = 30) or a hydrophilic Akreos ...
Magli A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of strabismus in patients with developmental cataract rendered pseudophakic and how this influences their visual acuity. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 113 patients with developmental cataract who came under the authors' observation at the outpatient department of the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of ...
Kongsap Pipat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare corneal endothelial cell loss between the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation and phacoemulsification. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred two eyes with age-related cataract were randomized to undergo either the Kongsap manual phacofragmentation (Group 1, 52 eyes) or phacoemulsification surgery (Group 2, 50 eyes) with implantation of a posterior chamber, ...
Dumbleton Kathryn A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate initial comfort and adaptation of currently successful low oxygen transmissibility soft lens wearers refitted with silicone hydrogel (SH) lenses for daily wear. METHODS: Fifty-five subjects were enrolled in a subject-masked 5-month clinical trial in which they wore 5 SH lenses in a randomized, crossover design. Comfort, burning, ...
Williams Lloyd B - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively study the dependence of visual outcomes and patient satisfaction on corneal keratometry (K) in hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (49 eyes) who had ...
Saelens Isabelle E Y - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the technique of mushroom keratoplasty for patients with advanced keratoconus, with respect to postoperative astigmatism, visual improvement and stability, and endothelial cell count. METHODS: Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with advanced keratoconus received a mushroom keratoplasty at the Erasmus Medical Centre at Rotterdam between April 2003 and ...
Praveen Mamidipudi R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the effects and outcomes of DisCoVisc (hyaluronic acid 1.6%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) with those of the soft-shell technique using Viscoat (sodium hyaluronate 3.0%-chondroitin sulfate 4.0%) and Provisc (sodium hyaluronate 1.0%) in phacoemulsification. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial comprised ...
Praveen M R - - 2009
To compare the effects of cooled and room temperature BSS Plus solution on the central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior segment inflammation, and corneal endothelium in patients undergoing phacoemulsification. In this prospective, randomized study, 70 consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification were assigned to one of two groups: Group 1 (controls) (n=35) received ...
de la Paz María Fideliz - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term visual prognosis of corneal and ocular surface surgery in patients with congenital aniridia. METHODS: Retrospective comparative interventional case series on 88 eyes of 45 patients with congenital aniridia treated and/or operated on from 1956 to present. Corneal and ocular surface findings were identified and patients ...
Zeng M - - 2008
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of phacoemulsification using torsional modality with different parameter settings for hard nucleus cataract extraction. A prospective, randomised clinical study. A clinical practice study conducted at the Cataract Service, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun-Yat-Sen University, and Guangzhou. One eye each from 198 consecutive patients with cataract ...
Zhivov Andrey - - 2009
PURPOSE: To perform a qualitative assessment of the topical side-effects of mitomycin C on cornea after pterygium surgery. METHODS: In-vivo confocal microscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II in combination with the Rostock Cornea Module) was performed in 10 patients with unilateral primary pterygium. Mitomycin C 0.02% was applied topically to seven ...
Suto Chikako - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes in patients with diabetic retinopathy and cataract who had panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) first and cataract surgery second in 1 eye and cataract surgery followed by PRP in the fellow eye. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital, Saitama, Japan. METHODS: Fifty-eight eyes of 29 patients ...
Wang Qin-Mei - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of on-flap and off-flap epi-LASIK for moderate to high myopia. METHODS: This prospective, observer-masked, randomized study included 62 eyes of 31 patients with myopia who underwent off-flap epi-LASIK (epikeratome; Moria, Antony, France) in one eye (off-flap group) and on-flap epi-LASIK in the contralateral eye ...
Busin Massimo - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate a new surgical approach for the treatment of pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD). METHODS: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Ten eyes of 10 consecutive patients were included in the series. Inclusion criteria were a clinical diagnosis of PMCD, topographic astigmatism >10 D, and contact lens intolerance. The ...
Kaya Vedat - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal topographic characteristics of first-degree relatives of patients with keratoconus with corneal topography to determine the incidence of clinical keratoconus and topographic abnormalities. METHODS: Between February and August 2006, Orbscan II analysis was done in 144 eyes of 72 cases who were first-degree relatives of patients ...
Kymionis George D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive outcomes after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for low to moderate myopic corrections using 2 excimer lasers with different repetition rates (200 Hz and 400 Hz). SETTING: University refractive surgery center. METHODS: This retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent PRK using the 200 Hz or ...
Chang David F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes, functional vision, and spectacle freedom in patients 70 years or younger with bilateral ReSTOR (Alcon Laboratories) or ReZoom (Advanced Medical Optics) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Private practice, Los Altos, California, USA. METHODS: Thirty patients had nonrandomized bilateral implantation of a ReZoom or ReSTOR multifocal IOL. ...
Ghanem Vinícius C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare corneal reepithelialization, pain scores, ocular discomfort, and tear production after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and butterfly laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK). METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-masked study comprised 102 eyes of 51 patients who underwent laser refractive surgery. Each patient was randomized to have one eye operated on with ...
Yang Peizeng - - 2010
To quantitatively evaluate aqueous flare and cells in patients with Behcet's disease. This study included 30 Behcet's patients (52 eyes) with active uveitis. The patients were treated with immunosuppressive agents. Aqueous flare and cells were quantified using the laser flare-cell photometry before treatment and 1 and 2 months after treatment. ...
Garweg J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is exposed to an increased risk of complications, including endophthalmitis and retinal detachment. The present analysis compares the outcomes and complications experienced in our own series of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of secondary posterior chamber IOL implantations performed ...
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