Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2039
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Schaal Shlomit - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical course of patients with retained lens particles after phacoemulsification who had early or late pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and removal of retained lens fragments or who were managed medically. SETTINGS: Private practice and University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA. METHODS: This retrospective ...
Lundberg Björn - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mydriatic effect of topical cyclopentolate 1% when combined with topical phenylephrine 10% and intracameral lidocaine 1% in phacoemulsification cataract surgery. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-masked, randomized trial including 20 patients with age-related cataract, who were scheduled for unilateral phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Patients ...
Park Sung Pyo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (phacovitrectomy) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) causes morphologic changes in the anterior segment and to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the anatomic changes and inflammatory complications. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Chonnam ...
Vasavada Viraj - - 2009
AIM: To compare the effects of balanced salt solution (BSS) and Ringer's lactate (RL) on corneal thickness, endothelial morphology, and postoperative anterior chamber inflammation in eyes undergoing phacoemulsification. Setting: Iladevi cataract and IOL research center, Ahmedabad, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 90 consecutive patients with age-related ...
Kremer Israel - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: When corneal perforation develops in patients with severe ocular surface disease and limbal stem cell deficiency following childhood trachoma infection, penetrating keratoplasty is doomed to fail. To overcome this problem, the use of a fresh-tissue corneolimbal covering graft is described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series ...
Soliman Neveen A - - 2009
Nephropathic cystinosis is rare genetic disease characterized by defective lysosomal cystine transport and increased lysosomal cystine. Corneal Cystine Crystal Scoring (CCCS) for diagnosis of nephropathic cystinosis was studied in all suspected children with renal Fanconi syndrome and siblings of diagnosed cases over a two year period. In addition to oral ...
Agrawal Vinay - - 2009
To validate a system that uniformly and objectively assesses the risk of complications of cataract surgery performed with phacoemulsification technique in individual patients preoperatively. Outcome analysis of patient data entered into a standardized protocol. The data sheet was analyzed at a single center in terms of the risk assessed preoperatively ...
Lagali Neil - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the role of Bowman's layer (BL) on the nature of anterior corneal regeneration after excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: A cohort of 13 patients underwent PTK to remove either 7 mum of BL for treatment of primary recurrent corneal erosions (RCE; six patients) or complete BL ...
Chung Seung Ah - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To report the incidence of, and change in ocular misalignment following topical anesthetic cataract surgery. METHODS: Prospectively, 160 consecutive patients who were scheduled for cataract surgery under topical anesthesia were evaluated. All patients had a complete ophthalmic examination, including ocular alignment evaluation, just before and 1 day, 1 week, ...
Nubile Mario - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility and initial outcomes of using a femtosecond laser to perform arcuate keratotomies to correct high post-keratoplasty astigmatism. DESIGN: Prospective noncomparative interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve eyes of 12 consecutive patients (mean age 44.9+/-9.5 years) who presented with a high degree of astigmatism, noncorrectable with spectacles ...
Lin Xiao-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children with anisometropic amblyopia are often noncompliant with traditional treatment including spectacules and contact lenses. This study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of excimer laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for children with high anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 24 children with high unilateral anisometropic amblyopia, who ...
Kosaki Ryo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the Optimized Aspheric Transition zone profile (OATz) that was devised to minimize the "red ring" in corneal topography on ocular higher order aberrations following LASIK for myopia. METHODS: Laser in situ keratomileusis with OATz using the Nidek Advanced Vision Excimer Laser Platform (NAVEX) was ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2009
Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light is a method for treating progressive keratectasia. The currently accepted treatment parameters induce collagen crosslinking in the anterior 250 to 350 microm of corneal stroma. To protect the endothelium, CXL inclusion criteria require a minimum corneal thickness of 400 microm after ...
Kaufmann Claude - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the astigmatic changes induced by biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to accommodate a foldable standard lens. METHODS: In a prospective controlled trial one eye each of 50 patients was evaluated. Two temporal microincisions were applied and the right-hand incision was enlarged to 2.8 ...
Ito Misae - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the visual performance and acceptability of pseudophakic monovision and examine its relationship to age. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Kitasato University Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan. METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients with pseudophakic monovision using monofocal intraocular lenses. Refractive errors, visual acuity at various distances, contrast sensitivity, and near ...
Nieuwendaal Carla P - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate donor posterior disk thickness measured with anterior segment optical coherence tomography after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty. METHODS: Fifteen patients (17 eyes) after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty, using manually dissected donor posterior disks, were measured with the Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin, ...
Saeed Ayman - - 2009
AIM: To identify the risk factors for, and to report the microbiological findings and clinical outcomes of, severe microbial keratitis (MK). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all cases of presumed MK admitted to a tertiary referral center over a 2-year period (September 2001 to August 2003). Data recorded ...
Yamaguchi Takefumi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate irregularity of the anterior and posterior cornea before and after Descemet-stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) and its effect on visual acuity. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Corneal data were acquired using a rotating Scheimpflug camera before and 1 month and 3 ...
Youm Dong Ju - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare early postoperative clinical outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and lamellar epithelial debridement (LED). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Korea. METHODS: This prospective study was of patients randomly assigned to have PRK or LED. In the LED group, an epithelial flap was created using an ...
Rajaraman Revathi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of intracameral perfluoropropane (C3F8) and compression sutures in patients with acute corneal hydrops. DESIGN: Interventional case series. METHODS: Seventeen patients with acute hydrops were treated. Fifteen patients with stromal clefts underwent C3F8 intracameral injection with compression sutures and 2 had only C3F8 injection. The time ...
Shenoy Radha - - 2009
To present three patients with ocular disease who developed a range of complications following use of traditional medications. Case series Three patients who were examined in the Ophthalmic department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in the Sultanate of Oman between 2003 and 2004, seeking care following use of traditional ...
Di Pascuale Mario A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative corneal deturgescence after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) using the Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) system (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin, California, USA). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: We included 21 eyes (9 males and 12 females; mean age +/- standard deviation, 76.3 +/- ...
Wu Fang - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes in wavefront-guided LASIK performed with iris recognition software versus without iris recognition software in different eyes of the same patient. METHODS: A randomised, prospective study of 104 myopic eyes of 52 patients undergoing LASIK surgery with the MEL80 excimer laser system was performed. Iris recognition software ...
McLaren Jay W - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate high-order aberrations (HOA) induced by the anterior corneal surface after deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty (DLEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Twenty-eight eyes of 25 patients with corneal edema resulting from Fuchs dystrophy underwent DLEK with a 9- to 10-mm incision (n = ...
Miyata K - - 2009
AIMS: This retrospective study was conducted to compare postoperative surface scattering of four kinds of intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: Sixty-seven eyes of 67 patients who had undergone cataract surgery were enrolled in this study. One of four IOLs was used in the patients; MA60BM in 17 patients (MA group), SA60AT ...
Keenan Tiarnan D L - - 2009
AIM: Eyes that are predisposed to primary angle closure usually have a shallow anterior chamber secondary to a relatively forward position of the lens and progressive lens thickening with ageing. The aim of this study was to examine trends over time in rates of primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in ...
Ha Byoung Jin - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the measurements of posterior corneal elevation above the best-fit sphere before and after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) using two different technologies--Scheimpflug imaging using Pentacam (Oculus) and scanning slit combined with Placido imaging using Orbscan II (Bausch & Lomb). METHODS: In a retrospective observational case series study, 60 eyes ...
Zalentein Waldir Neira - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term refractive results, subjective parameters, and late sequelae of LASIK. METHODS: A retrospective follow-up study was conducted on 38 eyes of 21 patients (17 with bilateral treatment and 4 with unilateral treatment) who had LASIK surgery between 1999 and 2000. Laser ablations were done with an ...
Anshu Arundhati - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the therapeutic success, visual outcomes, complications, and graft survival rates of therapeutic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (TDALK) and therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (TPK) for advanced infectious keratitis. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-three patients (126 eyes) with medically uncontrolled infectious keratitis of bacterial, fungal, or acanthamoeba ...
Pogorelov P - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of the study was to quantify changes in donor and host corneal tissue after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) using organ-cultured corneas and to correlate these findings with the visual acuity during intermediate-term follow-up. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 consecutive patients, with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy treated ...
Bachmann B O - - 2009
High-risk keratoplasties are usually performed after an uninflamed and quiescent interval in corneas with partly regressed blood and lymphatic vessels. We analysed whether the inhibition of post-keratoplasty revascularisation in mice with partly regressed corneal vessels ("intermediate-risk") improves graft survival. Three interrupted stromal sutures (11-0) in corneas of Balb/c mice (6-8 ...
Martin Raul - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the management of corneal conjunctivalization with a high Dk RGP contact lens (CL) fitting. METHODS: A high Dk RGP CL (Menicon Z-alpha Dk=189, Japan) was fitted, after temporary suspension of CL wear (6 months and 3 weeks), in two patients (a 36-year-old female and a 38-year-old male) ...
Salouti Ramin - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) using the Melles technique in granular corneal dystrophy. METHODS: Seven eyes from 5 patients who underwent DALK using Melles technique for granular corneal dystrophy were included in this study. The parameters evaluated ...
Wong Victoria W Y - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of diamond burr polishing as an in-office treatment for recurrent corneal erosion (RCE). METHODS: A double-masked randomized controlled trial was conducted. Patients with RCE secondary to trauma or anterior basement membrane dystrophy underwent epithelial debridement (ED) or diamond burr superficial keratectomy (DBSK) at the slit ...
Cleary Georgia - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and visual and optical performance between a microincision intraocular lens (IOL) and a conventional IOL. SETTING: Ophthalmology Department, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. METHODS: Patients with bilateral cataract were prospectively randomized to receive a HumanOptics MC611MI microincision IOL (microlens ...
Elsahn Ahmed F - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of contact lens-intolerant patients with keratoconus (KCN) with subepithelial nodules treated with excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: The charts of all contact lens-intolerant patients with KCN who underwent excimer laser PTK for subepithelial nodules were identified using a computer database and were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Fernández S A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study compared the efficacy of topical anaesthesia with levobupivacaine 0.75% vs lidocaine 2% during cataract surgery by phacoemulsification. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study comparing two agents for topical anaesthesia in cataract surgery. Two hundred and forty-six consecutive patients undergoing corneal phacoemulsification were enrolled into two groups to ...
Jhanji Vishal - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the microbiological and clinical profile of cases of microbial keratitis in patients with Down syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with Down syndrome and microbial keratitis admitted to the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, between January 1997 and January 2007 was ...
Miyanaga Masaru - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study compared the post-cataract surgery anti-inflammatory effects of topical treatment with 0.1% bromfenac, 0.1% betamethasone or both on postoperative anterior chamber inflammation and corneal swelling. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with no eye disease other than cataract were enrolled in a prospective, randomized study to undergo phacoemulsification combined with intraocular ...
Ivarsen Anders - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare 3-year changes in corneal sublayer thickness after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: Forty-six patients with spheroequivalent refraction of -6.0 to -8.0 diopters (D) were randomly assigned to PRK or LASIK. One eye from each patient was included in the study. Examinations included ...
Kamiya Kazutaka - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the time course of corneal biomechanics after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: We examined 36 eyes of 20 consecutive patients undergoing LASIK for low to moderate myopia. We quantitatively assessed the values of corneal biomechanics characterized by corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) using ...
Biro Zsolt - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to measure the change of the foveal and perifoveal thickness of the retina in diabetic patients after uneventful phacoemulsification and PC-IOL implantation. METHODS: Retinal thickness values of the foveal and perifoveal (fovea + 3.0 mm, fovea + 6.0 mm) sectors and the minimum ...
Atilla Huban - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the process of emmetropization in anisometropic amblyopic subjects during childhood and to determine the effects of spectacle use only and patching. METHODS: Retrospectively, the records of patients who were diagnosed as anisometropic amblyopes were reviewed and 132 subjects who were between the ages of 5 to 8 ...
Lubi?ski Wojciech - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual outcome, spectacles independence, contrast sensitivity (CS), subjective symptoms, patient satisfaction and complications three and 12 months after cataract surgery with bilateral ReZoom multifocal refractive intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study comprised 40 eyes of selected 20 patients who had uneventful cataract surgery ...
Kirwan Caitriona - - 2009
AIM: To determine the efficacy, stability and higher order aberrations (HOAs) following Zyoptix Tissue-Sparing (TS) and conventional Planoscan LASIK. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on myopic patients. The Technolas 217z laser and XP microkeratome (Bausch & Lomb) were used. Patients were matched for age, pupil size, optical zone, ablation ...
Wang Ping - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacies of different concentrations of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in preventing hyperoxia-induced lens opacification and changes to biochemical parameters in organ-cultured rabbit lenses. METHODS: Thirty-six lenses from adult rabbits were divided into the control group (group A), the hyperoxia-exposed group (group B), and the hyperoxia-exposed, NAC-treated groups: 5 ...
He Yongqi - - 2009
Objective. This is prospective randomized control trial to compare the mean keratometric corneal astigmatism diopter power (not surgical induced astigmatism) among preop and one-month and three-month postop phacoemulcification of either a clear temporal corneal incision or a superior scleral tunnel Incision, using only keratometric astigmatic power reading to evaluate the ...
Talukder Abdul Khaleque - - 2009
A prospective, observational study was done among 100 patients aged 50 years and above in BNSB Eye Hospital, Mymensingh, irrespective of gender and profession who had cataract surgery with IOL within one year and attended for follow up in the hospital, in the period from July, 07 to September, 07. ...
Kara-Junior Newton - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the intraoperative safety of two techniques of capsulorhexis for intumescent white cataracts: traditional one-stage continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and two-stage continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis. METHODS: This prospective comparative randomized study included two groups: the 1-CCC group (11 patients) received traditional one-stage continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis with 5-6 mm diameter, and ...
Ozkurt Yelda B - - 2009
To evaluate the influence of irrigation of the anterior chamber with heparin sodium on postoperative inflammation after pediatric cataract surgery. Kartal Training and Research Hospital, First Eye Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey. Randomized prospective double-blind study. Fourteen consecutive eyes from 14 patients aged 8.9 +/- 5.9 years, (range 3-18 years) (group 1) ...
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