Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2097
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Bozkurt Ercument - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the amount of intraoperative energy used during conventional and torsional phacoemulsification surgery and investigate the changes in corneal endothelial cell density. METHODS: In this study, a total of 100 eyes in patients with age-related cataract (mean age 68.9 years) were included. Patients were randomly allocated into conventional ...
Statham Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) have been reported to be an effective method of reducing postoperative refractive astigmatism and spectacle dependence following cataract surgery. This study compares a series of patients with low corneal astigmatism implanted with either the AcrySof SA60 spherical IOL or the AcrySof Toric SN60T3 IOL in ...
Garcia-Gonzalez Montserrat M Vissum Madrid, Madrid, Spain. - - 2009
A 52-year-old man had uneventful bilateral myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with planned monovision. Three months later, the left eye was retreated to improve the near vision. On postoperative day 1, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 0.95 and the patient reported mild ocular pain. Stage 2 diffuse ...
Hjortdal Jesper - - 2011
Purpose:  To investigate whether suture regularity affects corneal astigmatism after keratoplasty. Methods:  Twenty-one patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty for various corneal diseases were included in the study. The grafts were sutured in place using a single-running Nylon 10-0 suture, taking 24 bites. Immediately after surgery, standard calibrated images of the grafted ...
Razeghinejad Mohammad Reza - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of subconjunctival bevacizumab as an adjunctive therapy for primary pterygium surgery. This randomized prospective clinical study was conducted on 30 eyes of 30 patients. After pterygium excision and accomplishing a rotational conjunctival flap, 15 patients (case group) received 1.25 mg (0.1 ml) bevacizumab, and 15 other ...
Kymionis George D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study central corneal pachymetric variations during corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) treatment with the use of riboflavin and ultraviolet A irradiation (UVA). DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen keratoconic patients (19 eyes) were enrolled. METHODS: All patients underwent riboflavin-UVA-induced corneal CXL. Intraoperative central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements ...
Mehdizadeh Morteza - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bacterial endophthalmitis is a serious complication of penetrating ocular trauma and cataract surgery. The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of an anterior chamber air bubble to prevent experimental Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis. METHODS: The anterior chamber was opened with a clear corneal incision to drain the ...
Espana E M - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the in vivo confocal microscopic corneal features seen in patients who underwent Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) and to correlate these findings with the postoperative best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) obtained at the time of confocal microscopy. METHODS: Observational case series. A review of charts and ...
Riaz Kamran M - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of Descemet-stripping and automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in patients with glaucoma tube shunts in the anterior chamber. METHODS: Retrospective review of 4 patients with a history of tube shunt placement that experienced corneal decompensation and subsequently underwent DSAEK at 1 institution. Details of the surgical ...
Okamoto Shigeki - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare refractive outcomes of myopic LASIK with centration on the coaxially sighted corneal light reflex (CSCLR) to centration on the center of the pupil (line of sight [LOS]). METHODS: The NIDEK CXIII excimer laser was used to treat 268 eyes with centration on the CSCLR (CSCLR group) and ...
Jakobsson Gunnar - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the incidence, characteristics, and results of retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery with a capsule complication. SETTING: Ten ophthalmic surgery departments in Sweden. METHODS: In this case-control study, data on cataract surgery cases with a capsule complication (study group) or with no complication (control group) in 2003 ...
Johansson Björn - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the long-term outcomes after cataract extractions with a capsule rupture included in the Swedish Capsule Rupture Study. SETTING: Ten ophthalmic surgery departments in Sweden. METHODS: From the cohort of patients originally selected for inclusion in the Swedish Capsule Rupture Study, cases with a capsule complication (study group) ...
Fayers Tessa - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the extent to which patients unnecessarily restrict activities of daily living after routine cataract surgery and to test interventions to increase activity. SETTING: Day treatment center, London, United Kingdom. METHODS: In this nonrandomized interventional clinical study, consecutive patients having routine first-eye sutureless small-incision cataract surgery received 1 ...
Brown David - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare functional reading acuity and speed with 2 models of accommodating intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Four of 12 investigative sites in a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clinical study. METHODS: In this observational study, which was part of an ongoing FDA clinical trial, the MNRead functional reading ...
Noda Eriko - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a case of a successful cataract surgery outcome in a patient with Beh??et's disease (BD) without postoperative inflammation under infliximab therapy. CASE: A 40-year-old man who had frequent episodes of hypopyon uveitis despite immunosuppressive therapy underwent cataract surgery. Infliximab (5 mg/kg) was given intravenously to prevent inflammation ...
Saldanha Mario J - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the rotational stability of the AcrySof MA60BM acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) with and without aspiration of residual lens epithelial cells (LECs). SETTING: Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, United Kingdom. METHODS: Routine phacoemulsification was performed with (Group A) or without (Group B) aspiration of residual LECs (random allocation). The ...
López-Miguel A - - 2010
To assess the interchangeability of central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements between combined scanning-slit/Placido disc topography (Orbscan-II) and specular microscopy (Topcon SP-2000P) in patients who underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. We recruited 118 consecutive patients who underwent LASIK for myopia. The CCT was measured using Orbscan-II and Topcon ...
Chen Wei - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the microstructural differences in fresh corneal tissue (FCT) with glycerin-cryopreserved corneal tissue (GCCT) used during deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). METHODS: The medical records of 48 consecutive patients who underwent DALK for stromal opacity without endothelial abnormalities were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: an ...
Fabian Ido Didi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the risks of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding associated with cataract extraction without prophylactic treatment in patients with severe factor XI (FXI) deficiency. DESIGN: Prospective interventional case series. METHODS: SETTING: Single institute. STUDY POPULATION: Consecutive unrelated patients with severe FXI deficiency who underwent cataract extraction under topical anesthesia, ...
Mohamed S R H - - 2009
We describe 2 case reports of keratoconus patients showing Descemet's folds persisting more than 2 years after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DLK). One patient had worse best corrected visual acuity postoperatively whereas the other did not improve beyond 6/24. We attribute this to the Descemet's folds. We believe the latter ...
Igarashi Akihito - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare postoperative outcomes of a new aspheric laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) system, which applies an index for corneal asphericity (Q-value), with outcomes of the conventional LASIK procedure. METHODS: Twenty-eight eyes of 15 consecutive patients (mean age, 36.4 +/- 5.8 years) underwent aspheric LASIK (As-LASIK group), and 33 ...
Spoerl Eberhard - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the change in biomechanical properties of the cornea induced by high-dose hydrocortisone. METHODS: The influence of hydrocortisone was investigated in 12 fresh porcine corneas incubated in culture medium of 2.5 muM of hydrocortisone for 7 days. Twelve additional porcine corneas incubated in culture medium without hydrocortisone for ...
Chikamoto Nobuhiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: The efficacy of eyedrops containing peptides based on substance P (FGLM-amide) and insulinlike growth factor-1 (SSSR) for prevention of superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK) after cataract surgery in individuals with type 2 diabetes was examined. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (29 eyes) with diabetes were enrolled in a double-masked, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled ...
Phillips Paul M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) using anterior stromal flawed (ASF) donor corneas that were unsuitable for use in full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty as a result of stromal scars, pterygia, or previous corneal refractive surgery and to compare results with DSAEK ...
Kymionis George D - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present the results after simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Twelve patients (14 eyes) with progressive keratoconus were prospectively treated with customized topography-guided PRK with the Pulzar Z1 (wavelength 213 nm, CustomVis) immediately followed by corneal collagen CXL with the ...
Boxer Wachler Brian S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare visual and refractive outcomes between the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) and Verisyse phakic intraocular lens. METHODS: Comparative interventional case series for myopia between 6.00 and 20.00 diopters (D). Thirty consecutive eyes of 16 patients had a Visian ICL implanted and 31 consecutive eyes of 19 patients ...
Tejedor Jaime - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the appropriate timing of corneal suture removal in sequential surgery (penetrating keratoplasty [PK]-phacoemulsification [PE]) procedures. METHODS: In a pilot study, patients with a PK double running suture in place requiring cataract surgery were randomized to suture removal 1 month before PE or during PE (n = 14; ...
Wilczynski Michal - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) after coaxial 1.8 mm microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and bimanual 1.7 mm MICS calculated with 3 mathematical methods. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland. METHODS: Study comprised a nonrandomized prospective consecutive series of 58 eyes of 58 patients who ...
Ehrlich Jason S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and stability of conductive keratoplasty (CK) for low to moderate hyperopia. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. METHODS: In this prospective nonrandomized noncontrolled clinical trial, performed as part of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration pivotal trial, patients ...
Li Xiaohui - - 2009
To determine in a longitudinal study whether there is correlation between videokeratography and clinical signs of keratoconus that might be useful to practicing clinicians. Cornea-Genetic Eye Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. Eyes grouped as keratoconus, early keratoconus, keratoconus suspect, or normal based on clinical signs and videokeratography ...
Kim Y-K - - 2010
To evaluate surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) after 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (23GTSV). We studied 56 patients (56 eyes) who underwent 23GTSV between January 2006 and December 2007 and who underwent preoperative and 1- and 3-4-months postoperative corneal topography. Fifteen of the 56 patients underwent combined 23GTSV and cataract surgery. SIA ...
Roh Joon Ho - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare posterior capsular opacification (PCO) between a combined procedure and a sequential procedure of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and cataract surgery (CS). METHODS: The medical records of 89 eyes of 85 patients who underwent PPV and CS were retrospectively reviewed. There were 56 eyes of 52 patients with ...
Jones Mark N A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) for keratoconus in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Patient outcome data were collected at the time of transplantation and at 1, 2, and 5 years after surgery. Data were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Cox regression, and ...
Freeman Catherine E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To study non-tolerance to spectacle prescriptions in a busy community optometric practice, with several practitioners. METHODS: A spectacle non-tolerance was defined in a pragmatic way, as a patient who had collected spectacles from the practice and subsequently returned because they were either having problems with, or were unable to ...
Landers John - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The IOLMaster determines axial length using partial coherence interferometry. This study was designed to compare the refractive outcomes of patients who had been measured preoperatively by both immersion ultrasound and IOLMaster biometry. METHODS: Patients were recruited from those who had undergone cataract surgery during the preceding 12 months by ...
Zhang Shu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the recovery of cornea endothelia after phacoemulsification (phaco) with anterior chamber irrigation at different temperatures. STUDY DESIGN: A between-group design was used. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight patients with cataract. METHODS: Phaco was done on 40 eyes in these patients with exactly the same procedure except for the temperature of ...
Vianya-Estopa Marta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the ability of potential vision tests and clinical judgement to predict postoperative visual acuity after uneventful cataract surgery. METHODS: Sixty-two subjects (median, 74.5 years) were included in the study. Preoperative measurements included a clinical judgement prediction (based on case history and ...
Buzzonetti Luca - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive and keratometric effect of arcuate keratotomy performed using the IntraLase femtosecond laser (Abbott Medical Optics) in patients with high postoperative keratoplasty astigmatism. METHODS: Nine eyes of nine patients (mean age 45 +/- 7.5 years; mean spherical equivalent refraction -2.50 +/- 3.60 diopters [D]) who had ...
Bakke Espen F - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the severity of postoperative pain and the rate of penetration of riboflavin between eyes treated by corneal crosslinking (CXL) using excimer laser superficial epithelial removal and mechanical full-thickness epithelial removal. SETTING: Departments of Ophthalmology, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, and University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway. METHODS: ...
Malta João Baptista - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of combined penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) with scleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation. METHODS: Medical records from patients with aphakic and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative indications and postoperative results of 105 consecutive patients (105 eyes) who underwent combined PKP and ...
Walsh-Conway Natalie N Save Sight Institute and Discipline of Ophthalmology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2009
To describe the outcome of patients treated by surgical excision followed by plaque brachytherapy for primary or recurrent ocular surface malignancies with evidence of deep margin (corneoscleral) invasion. Retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series. Eleven consecutive patients presenting with biopsy-proven scleral and/or corneal stromal involvement from either conjunctival melanoma (CM) or ...
Farid Marjan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes and astigmatism in patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PK) with 2 different incision techniques. DESIGN: Retrospective comparison of a consecutive surgical series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients who underwent PK at the University of California, Irvine, academic referral practice. METHODS: A comparison of 49 eyes of ...
Scorcia Vincenzo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in posterior corneal curvature as a possible cause of the hyperopic refractive shift observed after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four eyes of 29 patients with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. METHODS: A standard DSAEK procedure ...
Han Daphne C Y - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and two techniques of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in patients with keratoconus. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five corneal transplantations comprising 100 PK and 25 DALK procedures for keratoconus at the Singapore National Eye Centre from April 1992 ...
Castillo-Gómez Alfredo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the visual quality after implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Departments of Ophthalmology, Hospital Quirón and Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. METHODS: In a prospective nonrandomized consecutive trial, patients had bilateral implantation of Acri.LISA 366D (Group A) or Tecnis ZM900 (Group B) multifocal IOLs. One ...
Ballalai Priscilla L - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, recurrence rate, and long-term complications of topical mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02% for conjunctival-corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CCIN). METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, noncontrolled study was conducted of patients with primary or recurrent CCIN treated with topical MMC 0.02%, four times per day, for 28 consecutive days. The ...
de Oliveira Filipe - - 2009
PURPOSE: Involvement of the cornea endothelium during uveitis has not been extensively studied even though it might participate in or constitute a target of ocular inflammation. Formation of keratic precipitates (KP) is a characteristic finding in several forms of uveitis. The aim of this prospective study was to examine the ...
Urgancioglu Berrak - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of topical N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on interleukin 1-alpha (IL-1alpha) levels in tear fluid after myopic laser subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and its possible role in modulating corneal wound healing. METHODS: Twenty-six eyes of 13 patients who underwent myopic LASEK were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 (n=10 ...
Caporossi Aldo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the quality of vision with aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pseudophakic patients after long-term follow-up. METHODS: Two hundred eyes of 100 patients with bilateral cataracts were randomly assigned to receive spherical (Acrysof SN60AT [Alcon Laboratories Inc] or Sensar AR40e [Advanced Medical Optics Inc]) or aspheric ...
Chen Davie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the biomechanical changes in the cornea, in terms of corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF), with short-term orthokeratology (ortho-k) treatment, using the Ocular Response Analyser (ORA; Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Buffalo, NY, USA). METHODS: Twenty young myopes wore ortho-k lenses in four different sessions: 15, 30, ...
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