Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2075
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Chikamoto Nobuhiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: The efficacy of eyedrops containing peptides based on substance P (FGLM-amide) and insulinlike growth factor-1 (SSSR) for prevention of superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK) after cataract surgery in individuals with type 2 diabetes was examined. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (29 eyes) with diabetes were enrolled in a double-masked, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled ...
Phillips Paul M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) using anterior stromal flawed (ASF) donor corneas that were unsuitable for use in full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty as a result of stromal scars, pterygia, or previous corneal refractive surgery and to compare results with DSAEK ...
Kymionis George D - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present the results after simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Twelve patients (14 eyes) with progressive keratoconus were prospectively treated with customized topography-guided PRK with the Pulzar Z1 (wavelength 213 nm, CustomVis) immediately followed by corneal collagen CXL with the ...
Boxer Wachler Brian S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare visual and refractive outcomes between the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) and Verisyse phakic intraocular lens. METHODS: Comparative interventional case series for myopia between 6.00 and 20.00 diopters (D). Thirty consecutive eyes of 16 patients had a Visian ICL implanted and 31 consecutive eyes of 19 patients ...
Tejedor Jaime - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the appropriate timing of corneal suture removal in sequential surgery (penetrating keratoplasty [PK]-phacoemulsification [PE]) procedures. METHODS: In a pilot study, patients with a PK double running suture in place requiring cataract surgery were randomized to suture removal 1 month before PE or during PE (n = 14; ...
Wilczynski Michal - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) after coaxial 1.8 mm microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and bimanual 1.7 mm MICS calculated with 3 mathematical methods. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland. METHODS: Study comprised a nonrandomized prospective consecutive series of 58 eyes of 58 patients who ...
Ehrlich Jason S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and stability of conductive keratoplasty (CK) for low to moderate hyperopia. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. METHODS: In this prospective nonrandomized noncontrolled clinical trial, performed as part of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration pivotal trial, patients ...
Li Xiaohui - - 2009
To determine in a longitudinal study whether there is correlation between videokeratography and clinical signs of keratoconus that might be useful to practicing clinicians. Cornea-Genetic Eye Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. Eyes grouped as keratoconus, early keratoconus, keratoconus suspect, or normal based on clinical signs and videokeratography ...
Kim Y-K - - 2010
To evaluate surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) after 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (23GTSV). We studied 56 patients (56 eyes) who underwent 23GTSV between January 2006 and December 2007 and who underwent preoperative and 1- and 3-4-months postoperative corneal topography. Fifteen of the 56 patients underwent combined 23GTSV and cataract surgery. SIA ...
Roh Joon Ho - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare posterior capsular opacification (PCO) between a combined procedure and a sequential procedure of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and cataract surgery (CS). METHODS: The medical records of 89 eyes of 85 patients who underwent PPV and CS were retrospectively reviewed. There were 56 eyes of 52 patients with ...
Jones Mark N A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) for keratoconus in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Patient outcome data were collected at the time of transplantation and at 1, 2, and 5 years after surgery. Data were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Cox regression, and ...
Freeman Catherine E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To study non-tolerance to spectacle prescriptions in a busy community optometric practice, with several practitioners. METHODS: A spectacle non-tolerance was defined in a pragmatic way, as a patient who had collected spectacles from the practice and subsequently returned because they were either having problems with, or were unable to ...
Landers John - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The IOLMaster determines axial length using partial coherence interferometry. This study was designed to compare the refractive outcomes of patients who had been measured preoperatively by both immersion ultrasound and IOLMaster biometry. METHODS: Patients were recruited from those who had undergone cataract surgery during the preceding 12 months by ...
Zhang Shu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the recovery of cornea endothelia after phacoemulsification (phaco) with anterior chamber irrigation at different temperatures. STUDY DESIGN: A between-group design was used. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight patients with cataract. METHODS: Phaco was done on 40 eyes in these patients with exactly the same procedure except for the temperature of ...
Vianya-Estopa Marta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the ability of potential vision tests and clinical judgement to predict postoperative visual acuity after uneventful cataract surgery. METHODS: Sixty-two subjects (median, 74.5 years) were included in the study. Preoperative measurements included a clinical judgement prediction (based on case history and ...
Buzzonetti Luca - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive and keratometric effect of arcuate keratotomy performed using the IntraLase femtosecond laser (Abbott Medical Optics) in patients with high postoperative keratoplasty astigmatism. METHODS: Nine eyes of nine patients (mean age 45 +/- 7.5 years; mean spherical equivalent refraction -2.50 +/- 3.60 diopters [D]) who had ...
Bakke Espen F - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the severity of postoperative pain and the rate of penetration of riboflavin between eyes treated by corneal crosslinking (CXL) using excimer laser superficial epithelial removal and mechanical full-thickness epithelial removal. SETTING: Departments of Ophthalmology, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, and University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway. METHODS: ...
Malta João Baptista - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of combined penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) with scleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation. METHODS: Medical records from patients with aphakic and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative indications and postoperative results of 105 consecutive patients (105 eyes) who underwent combined PKP and ...
Walsh-Conway Natalie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the outcome of patients treated by surgical excision followed by plaque brachytherapy for primary or recurrent ocular surface malignancies with evidence of deep margin (corneoscleral) invasion. METHODS: Retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series. Eleven consecutive patients presenting with biopsy-proven scleral and/or corneal stromal involvement from either conjunctival melanoma ...
Farid Marjan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes and astigmatism in patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PK) with 2 different incision techniques. DESIGN: Retrospective comparison of a consecutive surgical series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients who underwent PK at the University of California, Irvine, academic referral practice. METHODS: A comparison of 49 eyes of ...
Scorcia Vincenzo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in posterior corneal curvature as a possible cause of the hyperopic refractive shift observed after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four eyes of 29 patients with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. METHODS: A standard DSAEK procedure ...
Han Daphne C Y - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and two techniques of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in patients with keratoconus. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five corneal transplantations comprising 100 PK and 25 DALK procedures for keratoconus at the Singapore National Eye Centre from April 1992 ...
Castillo-Gómez Alfredo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the visual quality after implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Departments of Ophthalmology, Hospital Quirón and Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. METHODS: In a prospective nonrandomized consecutive trial, patients had bilateral implantation of Acri.LISA 366D (Group A) or Tecnis ZM900 (Group B) multifocal IOLs. One ...
Ballalai Priscilla L - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, recurrence rate, and long-term complications of topical mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02% for conjunctival-corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CCIN). METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, noncontrolled study was conducted of patients with primary or recurrent CCIN treated with topical MMC 0.02%, four times per day, for 28 consecutive days. The ...
de Oliveira Filipe - - 2009
PURPOSE: Involvement of the cornea endothelium during uveitis has not been extensively studied even though it might participate in or constitute a target of ocular inflammation. Formation of keratic precipitates (KP) is a characteristic finding in several forms of uveitis. The aim of this prospective study was to examine the ...
Urgancioglu Berrak - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of topical N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on interleukin 1-alpha (IL-1alpha) levels in tear fluid after myopic laser subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and its possible role in modulating corneal wound healing. METHODS: Twenty-six eyes of 13 patients who underwent myopic LASEK were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 (n=10 ...
Caporossi Aldo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the quality of vision with aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pseudophakic patients after long-term follow-up. METHODS: Two hundred eyes of 100 patients with bilateral cataracts were randomly assigned to receive spherical (Acrysof SN60AT [Alcon Laboratories Inc] or Sensar AR40e [Advanced Medical Optics Inc]) or aspheric ...
Chen Davie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the biomechanical changes in the cornea, in terms of corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF), with short-term orthokeratology (ortho-k) treatment, using the Ocular Response Analyser (ORA; Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Buffalo, NY, USA). METHODS: Twenty young myopes wore ortho-k lenses in four different sessions: 15, 30, ...
Myrowitz Elliott H - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optimized aspherical as well as custom wavefront-guided treatments attempt to reduce the induction of visually disturbing aberrations than can occur with conventional spherocylindrical corneal ablation. This review highlights a comparison of the advances and limitations of the two treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Optimized aspherical as well as wavefront-guided ...
Llovet Fernando - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and refractive results of hyperopic LASIK. SETTING: Clínica Baviera Instituto Oftalmológico Europeo, Madrid, Spain. METHODS: This retrospective consecutive noncomparative observational study evaluated hyperopic LASIK results over 1 year. Outcomes included uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), cycloplegic refraction, and corneal topography. ...
Bagheri Abbas - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate refractive and corneal topographic changes following excision of chalazia. METHODS: This prospective noncomparative quasi-experimental clinical trial includes consecutive patients older than 7 years with chalazia of minimum duration of 1 month who underwent excision of the lesions by an internal or external approach. RESULTS: Overall, 253 lids ...
Mekonnen Worku - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An imbalance between tear production and drainage results in epiphora, which is an annoying symptom embarrassing the patient socially and functionally. The two widely accepted modalities of treatment for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) are external dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. EDCR is the mainstay of treatment of NLDO and ...
Kobayashi Akira - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in vivo corneal changes in patients with bullous keratopathy who underwent non-Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (nDSAEK) with the use of laser confocal microscopy. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Ten eyes (10 patients; 3 men and 7 women; mean age, 73.5+/-6.6 years [mean+/-standard deviation]) with bullous ...
Di Girolamo Nick - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A healthy cornea is reliant on a distinct population of stem cells (SC) that replace damaged or aging epithelium throughout life. Depletion of the SC pool or damage to the niche can result in a blinding and painful condition known as limbal-SC deficiency (LSCD). Although current treatment strategies for ...
Bar-Sela Shai - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the magnitude of refractive astigmatism after congenital cataract surgery and to define its correlation with patient age. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of all pediatric patients who underwent congenital cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a 3.0-mm clear corneal incision from 1998 to ...
Kang Seungbum - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in a heparin-surface-modified (HSM) hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) and a hydrophobic acrylic IOL. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with simple cataract were randomized to receive either the BioVue 3 HSM hydrophilic acrylic IOL (Ophthalmic Innovations International, Ontario, CA, USA) (n = 38) or the ...
Schaal Shlomit - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical course of patients with retained lens particles after phacoemulsification who had early or late pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and removal of retained lens fragments or who were managed medically. SETTINGS: Private practice and University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA. METHODS: This retrospective ...
Lundberg Björn - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mydriatic effect of topical cyclopentolate 1% when combined with topical phenylephrine 10% and intracameral lidocaine 1% in phacoemulsification cataract surgery. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-masked, randomized trial including 20 patients with age-related cataract, who were scheduled for unilateral phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Patients ...
Park Sung Pyo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether combined phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (phacovitrectomy) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) causes morphologic changes in the anterior segment and to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the anatomic changes and inflammatory complications. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Chonnam ...
Vasavada Viraj - - 2009
AIM: To compare the effects of balanced salt solution (BSS) and Ringer's lactate (RL) on corneal thickness, endothelial morphology, and postoperative anterior chamber inflammation in eyes undergoing phacoemulsification. Setting: Iladevi cataract and IOL research center, Ahmedabad, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized study comprised 90 consecutive patients with age-related ...
Kremer Israel - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: When corneal perforation develops in patients with severe ocular surface disease and limbal stem cell deficiency following childhood trachoma infection, penetrating keratoplasty is doomed to fail. To overcome this problem, the use of a fresh-tissue corneolimbal covering graft is described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series ...
Soliman Neveen A - - 2009
Nephropathic cystinosis is rare genetic disease characterized by defective lysosomal cystine transport and increased lysosomal cystine. Corneal Cystine Crystal Scoring (CCCS) for diagnosis of nephropathic cystinosis was studied in all suspected children with renal Fanconi syndrome and siblings of diagnosed cases over a two year period. In addition to oral ...
Agrawal Vinay - - 2009
To validate a system that uniformly and objectively assesses the risk of complications of cataract surgery performed with phacoemulsification technique in individual patients preoperatively. Outcome analysis of patient data entered into a standardized protocol. The data sheet was analyzed at a single center in terms of the risk assessed preoperatively ...
Lagali Neil - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the role of Bowman's layer (BL) on the nature of anterior corneal regeneration after excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: A cohort of 13 patients underwent PTK to remove either 7 mum of BL for treatment of primary recurrent corneal erosions (RCE; six patients) or complete BL ...
Chung Seung Ah - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To report the incidence of, and change in ocular misalignment following topical anesthetic cataract surgery. METHODS: Prospectively, 160 consecutive patients who were scheduled for cataract surgery under topical anesthesia were evaluated. All patients had a complete ophthalmic examination, including ocular alignment evaluation, just before and 1 day, 1 week, ...
Nubile Mario - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility and initial outcomes of using a femtosecond laser to perform arcuate keratotomies to correct high post-keratoplasty astigmatism. DESIGN: Prospective noncomparative interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve eyes of 12 consecutive patients (mean age 44.9+/-9.5 years) who presented with a high degree of astigmatism, noncorrectable with spectacles ...
Lin Xiao-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children with anisometropic amblyopia are often noncompliant with traditional treatment including spectacules and contact lenses. This study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of excimer laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for children with high anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 24 children with high unilateral anisometropic amblyopia, who ...
Kosaki Ryo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the Optimized Aspheric Transition zone profile (OATz) that was devised to minimize the "red ring" in corneal topography on ocular higher order aberrations following LASIK for myopia. METHODS: Laser in situ keratomileusis with OATz using the Nidek Advanced Vision Excimer Laser Platform (NAVEX) was ...
Hafezi Farhad - - 2009
Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) with riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light is a method for treating progressive keratectasia. The currently accepted treatment parameters induce collagen crosslinking in the anterior 250 to 350 microm of corneal stroma. To protect the endothelium, CXL inclusion criteria require a minimum corneal thickness of 400 microm after ...
Kaufmann Claude - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the astigmatic changes induced by biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to accommodate a foldable standard lens. METHODS: In a prospective controlled trial one eye each of 50 patients was evaluated. Two temporal microincisions were applied and the right-hand incision was enlarged to 2.8 ...
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