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Osbahr Daryl C DC Orlando Health Orthopedic Institute, Orlando, Florida, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has afforded baseball players with excellent results; however, previous studies have described only short-term outcomes. PURPOSE:To evaluate long-term outcomes after UCLR in baseball players. STUDY DESIGN:Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS:All UCLRs performed on competitive baseball players with a minimum 10-year follow-up were identified. ...
Jaeger B B Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Median nerve somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings play an important role in outcome algorithms in comatose patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Knowledge of technical difficulties, clinical implications and uniform interpretation of SEP recordings is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skills of neurologists to interpret SEP recordings ...
Sobhani Sobhan S Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Relative rest and pain relief play an important role in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, and might be achieved by reducing the load on the Achilles tendon. Previous studies have provided evidence that rocker shoes are able to decrease the ankle internal plantar flexion moment in healthy runners during walking ...
Sugiura Tsuyoshi T Departments of Orthopaedic Biomaterial Science - - 2014
Object The upper cervical spine is commonly involved in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although 2D measurements have long been used in the evaluation of cervical lesions caused by RA, 2D measurements are limited in their effectiveness for detecting subtle and complex morphological and kinematic changes. The purpose of this ...
Badolo Athanase A Centre National de Recherche et de Formation sur le Paludisme (CNRFP), BP 2208, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso, - - 2014
Insecticide-treated bednets play a cornerstone role in the efforts to control malaria. Bednets entomological efficacy is the determinant factor of their use to control malaria. In this study, we compared under laboratory conditions, the efficacy of two long-lasting nets (PermaNet® versus Interceptor®) and two treatments kits K-O TAB® (deltamethrin) versus ...
Kus Lukas H LH Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the timing and degree of angiogenesis following anterior costal cartilage graft laryngotracheoplasty in an animal model. Study Design: Randomized controlled animal model. Methods: Twelve pigs were included in this study. Three control pigs were perfused with intravascular methyl methacrylate and overlying tissue was corroded with potassium hydroxide ...
Johnston Rich D RD School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Repeated-sprinting incorporating tackles leads to greater reductions in sprint performance compared with repeated-sprinting alone. However, the influence of physical contact on the running demands of game-based activities is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of physical contact altered pacing strategies during game-based activities. Twenty-three ...
Celik Fatih F Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu 14280, - - 2014
To evaluate the influence of an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and fasudil on the retinal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and caspase 3 levels in a diabetic rabbit model. The study included 6 healthy rabbits (Group 1), 6 rabbits with experimentally induced diabetes mellitus (DM) ...
Ladjevic Nebojsa N Department of Anesthesiology, Urology Hospital, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, - - 2013
Inflammation plays a key role in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an important inflammation factor found in enlarged prostatic tissue that can be the main cause of inflammatory pain. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epidural anesthesia can block the negative effects ...
Paisley Kevin C - - 2013
Scapular notching in reverse shoulder arthroplasty appears to be a multifactorial problem related to both implant and patient factors. There are well-established guidelines for implant position. Recent cadaveric studies have illustrated anatomic factors that need further consideration. Scapular neck length and inferior glenoid tubercle morphology may be major factors predicting ...
Ickowicz Diana E - - 2013
Local anesthetics play an important role in postoperative pain management in orthopedic joint procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an intraoperative extra-articular injection of poly(DL-lactic acid co castor oil 3:7), p(DLLA:CO) 3:7 loaded with 15% bupivacaine, for postoperative analgesia following knee arthroplasty. Prolonged release ...
Marcacci Maurilio - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT) is an option for symptomatic patients who have undergone subtotal meniscectomy and can potentially result in pain relief and increased function. HYPOTHESIS:Professional soccer players would benefit from arthroscopic MAT in terms of pain, knee function, and return to play at 36-month follow-up. STUDY DESIGN:Case series; Level ...
Ghavidel Alireza Alizadeh AA From the *Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and †Mechanical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, - - 2013
The exact length of neochordae loops plays the major role in the success of mitral valve repair. The Neochordae Loop Maker is a novel device that models the left ventricular structure in an individual patient. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography is used to identify the geometry of each papillary muscle and set ...
Harris Joshua D JD Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2013
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a significant injury in National Basketball Association (NBA) players. NBA players undergoing ACL reconstruction (ACLR) have high rates of return to sport (RTS), with RTS the season following surgery, no difference in performance between pre- and postsurgery, and no difference in RTS rate or ...
McKeon Jennifer M Medina - - 2013
Context :  Whereas guidelines about return-to-play (RTP) after concussion have been published, actual prognoses remain elusive. Objective :  To develop probability estimates for time until RTP after sport-related concussion. Design :  Descriptive epidemiology study. Setting :  High school. Patients or Other Participants :  Injured high school varsity, junior varsity, or ...
McDonald John E - - 2013
Previous studies report professional athletes return to play following arthroscopic microfracture of the hip for chondral defects. Our hypothesis is that professional hockey players undergoing arthroscopic microfracture for chondral defects of the hip achieve the same performance they had pre-injury and compared to matched controls. Seventeen professional hockey players underwent ...
Guslandi Mario - - 2013
The concept that the gut microbiota plays a major role in the development of pouchitis in ulcerative colitis patients after restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, is widely accepted and supported by a widespread use of some antibiotics ( metronidazole and/or ciprofloxacin, rifaximin) to treat this condition. A possible, safer ...
Williams Ashleigh - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes in relation to return-to-play in professional athletes who had undergone a delayed scapholunate ligament reconstruction. We searched our prospectively managed database and identified 15 professional athletes who had undergone the modified Brunelli procedure for scapholunate instability. They were contacted to ...
Panwar Mamta - - 2013
Sudden loss of airway in patients in the lateral position has always been proven to be difficult to manage with conventional laryngoscopy. We performed a randomized controlled trial to prove the success rate of ventilation and intubation in the lateral position via intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA). Ninety patients were ...
Hwang Sung-Hwan SH Department of Neurosurgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Cerebral vasospasm is a common and potentially devastating complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Inflammatory processes seem to play a major role in the pathogenesis of vasospasm. C-reactive protein (CRP) constitutes a highly sensitive inflammatory marker. Elevation of serum CRP levels has been demonstrated in patients with aSAH. The purpose ...
Jain Ashish R AR Department of Prosthodontics, Tagore Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
Rehabilitation of a patient with severely worn dentition after restoring the vertical dimension is a complex procedure and assessment of the vertical dimension is an important aspect in these cases. This clinical report describes the full mouth rehabilitation of a patient who was clinically monitored to evaluate the adaptation to ...
de Lorenzo Alberto - - 2013
Background: Vitamin D has an important regulatory effect on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, playing a central role in the regulation of proteinuria. We therefore studied the antiproteinuric effect of paricalcitol. Methods: 36 patients with an estimated GFR of 30-90mL/min/1.73m2 and proteinuria >400mg/d with a stable dose of ACE inhibitor or ARB for ...
Tao Aizhu - - 2013
Purpose: To quantitatively characterize the space between the intraocular lens (IOL) and the posterior capsule (IOL-PC space) during the early post-phacoemulsification period, using high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Thirty eyes of 30 patients who underwent phacoemulsification were recruited and randomly divided into two groups. Acrysof Natural IQ IOLs ...
Owen A L - - 2013
This study compared the technical activity and physical movements of various-sided games within professional soccer. It also examined the test-retest reliability of sided games using various numbers of players. 10 elite male players from a Scottish Premier League performed small- (SSGs: 4 vs. 4), medium- (MSGs: 5 vs. 5 to ...
Harrison Craig B - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to quantify and compare the physiological, physical and technical demands of a sport-specific and non-sport-specific small-sided game (SSG) in young athletes. Ten male soccer players (mean ± SD: age, 13.0 ± 0.3 years, [Formula: see text]O2peak, 54.4 ± 4.9 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1)) completed 3 vs. 3 and 6 vs. 6 soccer and "bucketball" SSGs twice. ...
Wolf Sebastian I - - 2013
While past investigations focused on describing pelvic motion patterns in the frontal and transversal plane, the sagittal plane "double bump" pattern commonly found in children with cerebral palsy was only rarely investigated, especially concerning the underlying pathology. 375 ambulatory (GMFCS I-III) patients with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy were included in ...
Economopoulos Kostas J KJ Department of Orthopaedics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2013
The minimal repair technique for sports hernias repairs only the weak area of the posterior abdominal wall along with decompressing the genitofemoral nerve. This technique has been shown to return athletes to competition rapidly. This study compares the clinical outcomes of the minimal repair technique with the traditional modified Bassini ...
Nakabayashi Toshihiro - - 2013
Reflux esophagitis is a significant problem in patients after an esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction. The pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether gastropyloric motility influences the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis after an esophagectomy. Thirty esophagectomized patients were assessed ...
Boykin Robert E - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been well characterized as a cause of hip pain and resultant damage to the acetabular labrum. It has become increasingly clear that an intact labrum is essential for normal joint mechanics, hip stability, and preservation of the articular cartilage. Elite athletes with a hypoplastic or irreparable ...
Katritsis Demosthenes G - - 2013
To investigate whether the combination of conventional pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by circumferential antral ablation with ganglionated plexi (GP) modification in a single ablation procedure, yields higher success rates than PVI or GP ablation alone, in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Conventional PVI transects the major left atrial GP, ...
Peters Denise M - - 2013
The use of video gaming as a therapeutic intervention has increased in popularity; however, the number of repetitions in comparison with traditional therapy methods has yet to be investigated. The primary purpose of this study was to document and compare the number of repetitions performed while playing 1 of 2 ...
Michel Murielle - - 2013
We report observations of a 47-year-old seropositive woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffering from mesangial immunoglobulin (Ig)A glomerulonephritis (GN) after initiation of abatacept, a selective T-cell co-stimulation modulator cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4)-Ig. She was initially treated by corticosteroids, followed by methotrexate associated with a TNF inhibitor (adalimumab then switched ...
Matsuyama Tomonori - - 2013
We examined the relationships between recall of dreaming during anesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We found a relationship between PONV within 24 h and age <50 years, use of postoperative epidural analgesia with morphine, and female gender. We also found a relationship between PONV lasting more than 24 h and dream ...
Magro-Checa César - - 2013
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, complex multisystem vasculitis of unknown cause characterised for its ability to involve blood vessels of all sizes on both the arterial and venous sides of the circulation. It has been suggested that TNF-alpha plays a main role in the pathogenesis of BD. This hypothesis ...
Mont Michael A - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective controlled trial was to determine if efficiency increases could be achieved in non-navigated and navigated total knee arthroplasties by replacing traditional saws, cutting blocks, and trials with specialized saws and single-use cutting blocks and trials. Various timing metrics during total knee arthroplasty, including operating room ...
Komiyama Sosuke - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine whether transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) improves healing of a gastrotomy closure in rats. In digestive surgery, anastomotic leakage is a serious postoperative complication and anastomotic stenosis may reduce quality of life. Recent studies have suggested that ADSCs play material roles ...
Kim Y - - 2013
Esmolol has a beneficial effect on the T helper 1/T helper 2 balance in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory role of esmolol during and after surgery. Patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy due to gastric cancer were enrolled. Patients in the esmolol group ...
Medina McKeon Jennifer M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Although ankle sprains have the highest recurrence rate of any musculoskeletal injury, objective estimates of when an athlete is likely to return-to-play (RTP) are unknown. The purpose was to compare time to return-to-play probability timelines for new and recurrent ankle sprains in interscholastic athletes. DESIGN: Observational. METHODS: Ankle sprain ...
Podesta Luga - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Studies have demonstrated the potential of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to heal damaged tissue. To date, there are no published reports of clinical outcomes of partial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears of the elbow treated with PRP. HYPOTHESIS:Platelet-rich plasma will promote the healing of partial UCL tears and allow a return ...
Kong Dechao - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study was performed to establish an animal model of cervical kyphosis after laminectomy (C2-C5), and to determine the role of endplate chondrocytes apoptosis in cervical kyphosis after laminectomy. METHODS: Twenty-four 3-month-old sheep were randomly divided into two groups: the laminectomy group (n = 12), and the control group (n = 12). ...
Park Jin-Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Although there are multiple reports on surgical outcomes of type 2 superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) repairs, a literature review noted a paucity of data on clinical and radiological outcomes in elite overhead athletes. PURPOSE:To determine midterm clinical outcomes of type 2 SLAP repairs in elite overhead athletes and whether ...
Nam Tae Wook - - 2013
The authors compared the effect of postoperative administration of corticosteroids (dexamethasone) on prevertebral soft tissue swelling with that of placebo in patients with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Sixty-two consecutive patients with degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine, who underwent a one level ACDF, were examined prospectively. They ...
Feng Yu - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective study of the sagittal spinopelvic parameters and deformity parameters in low grade isthmic spondylolisthesis pre- and post-operation. OBJECTIVE:: To better understand how the surgery influence saittal spino-pelvic alignment in low grade spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Over the past decade, the importance of the sagittal spinopelvic parameters ...
Kart Yeliz - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A marked decrease in the density of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) has been shown in patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. ICC may also play a role in primary obstructive megaureter (POM). An immunohistochemical study was conducted to investigate the density of ICC in ureterovesical junction (UVJ) segments resected ...
Horisawa Shiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Musician's dystonia is a task-specific movement disorder that causes twisting or repetitive abnormal finger postures and movements, which tend to occur only while playing musical instruments. Such a movement disorder will probably lead to termination of the careers of affected professional musicians. Most of the currently available treatments have ...
Egas Martijn - - 2013
Why humans are prone to cooperate puzzles biologists, psychologists and economists alike. Between-group conflict has been hypothesized to drive within-group cooperation. However, such conflicts did not have lasting effects in laboratory experiments, because they were about luxury goods, not needed for survival ("looting"). Here, we find within-group cooperation to last ...
Zhao Xue - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Substrate abnormality in pulmonary vein (PV) antrum plays a critical role in mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study compares the strategy of PV antrum radial-linear (PAR) ablation to encircling PV isolation for paroxysmal AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: -A total of 86 patients with paroxysmal AF were randomly ...
Jafari Mehraneh D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Decreased blood perfusion at an intestinal anastomosis may contribute to postoperative anastomotic leak (AL) resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality. Near-infrared (NIR) laparoscopy in conjunction with indocyanine green (ICG) allows for visualization of the microcirculation before formation of the anastomosis, thereby allowing the surgeon to choose the point of ...
Mont Michael A - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective controlled trial was to determine whether decrease in contamination could be achieved in nonnavigated and navigated total knee arthroplasties by replacing traditional saws, cutting blocks, and trials with specialized saws and single-use cutting blocks and trials. Various tray wrapping metrics during total knee arthroplasty were ...
Zou Changhong - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Increasing evidences have suggested that autoantibodies against muscarinic-2 acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural anti-M2-R for the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency catheter ablation is still unclear. METHODS: Totally 76 AF patients with preserved left ...
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