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Results 251 - 300 of 1338
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Namdari Surena - - 2009
Spastic equinovarus (SEV) is the most common leg deformity after cerebrovascular accident (CVA). This study reviewed functional outcomes after surgical correction of SEV in a cohort of hemiplegic, post-CVA patients. Sixty-four consecutive post-CVA SEV patients who underwent surgical correction from January 2003 to January 2006 were included. Data parameters included ...
Lee Keun-Bae - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic microfracture for isolated osteochondral lesions of the talus without combined lesions, in patients of less than 50 years old with lesions of <1.5 cm(2). Thirty-five patients (35 ankles) with isolated osteochondral lesions of the talus were treated ...
Cottom James M - - 2009
In this prospective cohort study, we compared screw fixation to interosseous suture with endobutton repair of the syndesmosis. Outcomes of interest included preoperative and postoperative modified American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot and ankle scores, and Short Form-12 health status scores, as well as radiographic measurements and the ...
Klos Kajetan - - 2009
Tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis may be the only means of obtaining a painless and stable limb when there is loss of the talus. We present the early results of a prospective study on tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis using a latest-generation retrograde intramedullary nail. In the period 2006-2007, nine patients underwent tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis with retrograde ...
Sugathan Hari Kovilazhikathu - - 2009
Pes cavus is a complex foot deformity in which surgical correction remains challenging. We treated lesser-toe clawing in 11 feet of 8 patients (5 women, 1 bilateral; 3 men, 2 bilateral) with a modified Jones procedure and assessed long-term functional outcomes. We reviewed case notes and completed the Bristol Foot ...
Zwipp Hans - - 2010
When evaluating the role of ankle arthrodesis in the treatment of severe ankle arthritis, postoperative infection, nonunion, and the development of arthritis at the adjacent joints are major issues when considering treatment alternatives. We evaluated the rate of complications, the functional outcome, and compensatory range of motion at the midtarsal ...
Lofter??d Bj??rn - - 2009
Calf muscle lengthening usually corrects equinus gait satisfactorily in stance. While in swing, the foot remains in drop foot in approximately half the limbs. The aim of this study was to evaluate if any preoperative clinical findings or kinematic and kinetic data could predict the outcome regarding drop foot. The ...
Kim B S - - 2009
Our study describes the clinical outcome of total ankle replacement (TAR) performed in patients with moderate to severe varus deformity. Between September 2004 and September 2007, 23 ankles with a varus deformity > or = 10 degrees and 22 with neutral alignment received a TAR. Following specific algorithms according to ...
Terrier Philippe - - 2009
After foot and/or ankle fracture, the restoration of optimal gait symmetry is one of the criteria of recovery. Orthotic insoles and orthopaedic shoes improve gait symmetry and regularity by controlling joint motion and improving alignment. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of prescription footwear on ...
Lin Wei-Peng - - 2010
In this prospective study, we compared outcomes after repair of humeral nonunions when morsellized fresh-frozen allograft or autograft was used to augment repair by intramedullary nailing. Sixty-five patients with humeral shaft nonunions of greater than 6 months' duration and gross instability at the nonunion site were included and treated by ...
Wang Yan-zhou - - 2009
To evaluate the effectiveness of Ponseti method in the treatment of congenital talipes equinovarus (CTE) in children older than 6 months. Ponseti method was used to treat 157 cases (227 feet) of CTE in children older than 6 months. All cases were classified by age and by the degree of ...
Choi Woo Jin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with favorable or unfavorable outcomes would provide patients with accurate expectations of the arthroscopic marrow stimulation techniques. PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic significance and optimal measures of defect size in osteochondral lesion of the talus as treated with arthroscopy. HYPOTHESIS: A critical, or threshold, defect size ...
Liu Hua-shui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the operative technique of trephine arthrodesis of subtalar joints and evaluate its clinical effect. METHODS: From June 1998 to October 2006, we performed subtalar arthrodesis on 38 feet of 34 patients for a variety of painful disorders of hindfoot with trephine technique. Clinical and radiologic follow-up evaluations ...
Lie Chester W H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review the results of distraction osteogenesis in short-stature patients in our centre and analyse outcomes including complications. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Eight patients with short stature (three had achondroplasia, three constitutional short stature, and two hypochondroplasia) operated on for limb lengthening using ...
Karantana Alexia - - 2010
Ankle arthroplasty is increasingly used to treat advanced ankle arthritis. Earlier prostheses have given way to second-generation implants, on which we are accumulating medium-term data. The Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) is a three-component uncemented implant in wide use in Europe and the only mobile-bearing prosthesis with conditional approval in ...
Rodriguez Dante - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The AES (Ankle Evolutive System) is a cobalt-chromium three-component ankle prosthesis with a hydroxyapatite coating, similar to the Buechel-Pappas ankle prosthesis, but with some modifications. Our objective was to assess its medium term follow-up results as well as its complications. METHODS: 21 patients (mean age of 57.6 years) were ...
Dohin Bruno - - 2009
Numerous studies have described the use of osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) in adults, but there are few reports in children. The objectives of this short-term followup cohort study were (1) to examine clinical and radiographic healing of persistent nonunions after OP-1 application in children; and (2) to determine the safety of ...
Nabeshima Yuji - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether residual subtalar varus in treated clubfoot affects the configuration of the ankle joint in the coronal plane. Radiographic characteristics of the ankle and subtalar joint in congenital clubfoot, after a minimum of 10 years of treatment, were analyzed and presented. Weight-bearing ...
Bibbo Christopher - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of rhBMP-2 on bone healing in patients who undergo high-risk ankle & hindfoot fusions. Patients who underwent high-risk, elective ankle and hindfoot fusions treated with rhBMP-2 augmentation were reviewed for clinical outcomes and complications. A total of 112 fusion sites ...
Coughlin Michael J - - 2009
In many reports describing flatfoot deformities, the abnormality is described using observations from physical examination, radiographs, or foot imprints. Correlation of these measurements is often lacking, making determination of the magnitude of the deformity or its surgical correction difficult to quantify. Weightbearing AP and lateral radiographs were obtained on 25 ...
Haraguchi Naoki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few studies of treatment of lateral ankle ligament rupture have given careful consideration to the activity levels of patients. In the present study, we investigated whether a patient's activity level influences the outcome of the treatment of lateral ankle ligament rupture and whether treatment should be determined according to ...
Dogan Ahmet - - 2009
The objective of this study was to compare the results of calcaneal lengthening and Dennyson-Fulford extra-articular subtalar arthrodesis operations performed in patients with flexible pes planovalgus owing to various etiologies and to compare their effectiveness in realigning the foot. Two patient groups were retrospectively formed out of the patients in ...
Saltzman Charles L - - 2009
Mobile-bearing ankle replacements have become popular outside of the United States over the past two decades. The goal of the present study was to perform a prospective evaluation of the safety and efficacy of a mobile-bearing prosthesis to treat end stage ankle arthritis. We report the results of three separate ...
Koczy Bogdan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anterolateral soft tissue impingement of the ankle joint is a common consequence of ankle sprain due to excessive supination and adduction of the foot, injuries to the tibiofibular syndesmosis and lateral malleolus fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two arthroscopic procedures to treat anterolateral soft tissue impingement of the ankle joint ...
Lewis Andrew J - - 2009
To report a technique for arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) with two 6.5 mm Acutrak Plus (AP) compression screws from a solar approach and outcome in 7 cattle. Case series. Cattle (n=7) with DIPJ arthritis. Retrieved data from medical records of cattle that had undergone DIPJ arthrodesis using ...
Vlachou Maria - - 2009
Obtaining a successful subtalar fusion in the pediatric population can be challenging. We present our results with a modified extraarticular method. - We retrospectively evaluated 12 patients (17 feet) with progressive neuromuscular planovalgus foot deformity that underwent an extra-articular subtalar arthrodesis with the combined Batchelor-Grice procedure. All patients were ambulatory ...
Saggini R - - 2009
Chronic venous disease is very common and widespread. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a condition characterized by hypertension of the venous system of the lower limbs which manifests itself through a large range of symptoms. The main cause of CVI is hypertension of the venous system of lower limbs, which ...
Mehrafshan M - - 2009
The results of further soft-tissue release of 79 feet in 60 children with recurrent idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus were evaluated. The mean age of the children at the time of re-operation was 5.8 years (15 months to 14.5 years). Soft-tissue release was performed in all 79 feet and combined with ...
Judd Daniel B - - 2009
We conducted a prospective, randomized study to determine if patients with midshaft clavicle fractures would benefit from immediate operative stabilization with a modified Hagie pin in comparison with a matched group treated with nonoperative therapy. At a level II trauma center, patients with closed midshaft clavicle fractures were prospectively randomized ...
Rao Smita - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental laboratory study supplemented by a case series. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the effect of a 4-week intervention with a full-length insert on functional outcomes in patients with midfoot arthritis; (2) to examine the effect of the custom molded three-quarter-length (3Q) and full-length (FL) carbon graphite insert on ...
Frigg Arno - - 2010
A structural graft often is needed to fill gaps during reconstructive procedures of the ankle and hindfoot. Autograft, the current gold standard, is limited in availability and configuration and is associated with donor-site morbidity in as much as 48%, whereas the alternative allograft carries risks of disease transmission and collapse. ...
Høiness Per Reidar - - 2009
Neurological deficit resulting in the lack of motor control in children with myelomeningocele often leads to a valgus position of the feet and ankles, usually in combination with planovalgus and pronation of the forefoot. The purpose of the study was to evaluate long-term patient satisfaction and clinical effects in ambulating ...
Gerlach David J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myelomeningocele is a common birth defect that is often accompanied by clubfoot deformity. Treatment of clubfoot associated with myelomeningocele traditionally has consisted of extensive soft-tissue release operations, which are associated with many complications. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the early results of the Ponseti method ...
Janicki Joseph A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clubfeet are associated with many neuromuscular and congenital conditions. Nonidiopathic clubfeet are typically thought to be resistant to nonoperative management. The Ponseti method has revolutionized the treatment of patients with idiopathic clubfeet. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of the Ponseti method in the treatment ...
Baker J F - - 2009
Total ankle replacement is an established alternative to ankle fusion in selected patients. One of the possible exclusions used is the presence of a high BMI. This is based on our experience with hip and knee replacements where poor outcomes have been associated with obesity, however little work has been ...
Laufer Yocheved - - 2009
PURPOSE: Foot drop is a common cause of gait impairment in individuals with hemiparesis. The objective of this study was to determine the short-term and long-term effects on functional gait of a neuroprosthesis that provides functional electrical stimulation (FES) to correct footdrop. METHODS: Sixteen individuals (mean age, 55.0 +/- 14.6 ...
Molayem Iakov - - 2009
Pes valgus is a pathological condition which occurs in up to 25% of patients with cerebral palsy. Its correction in early age is essential to prevent progression of the deformity and to optimize the patient's function. In younger patients arthroereisis can be considered as a treatment that fills the void ...
Pace Alistair - - 2010
Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia caused by intermetarsal digital nerve thickening. This study reviews the pathology, presentation, symptoms and signs, and patient satisfaction with surgical treatment. Seventy-eight patients (82 feet) were treated for Morton's metatarsalgia by excision of the interdigital nerve. The patients were followed-up for a ...
Ingrosso S - - 2009
A new three-part total ankle prosthesis was designed recently to restore natural joint motion while maintaining full congruity of the articulating surfaces. This was achieved by replicating natural function for the ligaments. Early functional recovery was assessed in the present study in patients who underwent replacement with this prosthesis. This ...
Cebrián Juan L - - 2010
We made a comparative cohort study in patients suffering from tibial pseudoarthrosis, all of whom were treated by intramedullary nailing. We divided patients into two groups: one treated by intramedullary nailing only (control group) and the other by intramedullary nailing combined with pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs). The study included 57 ...
Sinha S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty is an accepted treatment for hallux rigidus. There are few reports of the long-term results of this procedure. METHODS: A series of 15 consecutive bio-action first metatarsophalangeal total joint replacements were retrospectively reviewed after a minimum follow-up of 5 years. The patients were assessed using the ...
Egol Kenneth A - - 2009
There has been increased emphasis on validated, patient-reported functional outcomes after orthopaedic interventions for various conditions. The few reports on these types of outcomes after treatment of fracture nonunions are limited to specific anatomic sites, limited by small numbers, and retrospective. To determine whether successful healing of established long-bone nonunions ...
Nathan Saminathan S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies highlight the risk of valgus ankle instability in children following vascularized fibular procedures. We have observed that persistent valgus instability results in valgus deformity in these ankles. The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors associated with valgus ankle deformity following vascularized fibular graft ...
Child Brandon J - - 2009
Triple arthrodesis is a useful form of surgical intervention for repair of advanced hindfoot deformity. Crucial to the success of triple arthrodesis is achievement of a suitable alignment of the hindfoot in relation to the leg and forefoot. A number of radiographic measurements can be used to describe the resultant ...
Luterek Maciej - - 2009
Haemophilia is a congenital haemorrhagic diathesis that in its most severe form leads to a seriously disabling arthropathy as a result of recurring intraarticular bleeding. Within the last couple of years there have been significant advances in the treatment of haemophiliacs that are helping to prevent crippling musculoskeletal deformities, but ...
Knupp M - - 2009
We describe a retrospective review of the clinical and radiological parameters of 32 feet in 30 patients (10 men and 20 women) who underwent correction for malalignment of the hindfoot with a modified double arthrodesis through a medial approach. The mean follow-up was 21 months (13 to 37). Fusion was ...
Rongies Witold - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pedobarography is an evidence-based diagnostic method that allows quantitative, qualitative and repeatable measurement of pressures on every square centimetre of the sole area of the foot as well as centre of gravity sway, with graphic and numerical recording of results. The aim of the study was to assess the ...
Janicki Joseph A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the Ponseti method has been adopted worldwide as the preferred method of managing idiopathic clubfoot deformity. Following the successful implementation of the Ponseti method by orthopaedic surgeons in our institution, a clubfoot clinic was established in 2003. This clinic is directed by a physiotherapist who, using the Ponseti ...
Moerenhout K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our initial results with the titanium transverse plate fixation system of the sternum in four patients. METHODS: Two patients with late dehiscence and persistent instability of the sternum after cardiac surgery were treated with refixation by titanium transverse plates and screws. Two patients were treated with the ...
Genthon N - - 2010
To investigate the effects induced by wearing an orthosis during the rehabilitation process, 23 ankle sprain patients (degrees I and II) were evaluated in three conditions (reference, with an elastic compression stocking and with an orthosis), 14 h, 10 and 30 days on average after their injury and compared with ...
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