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Results 101 - 150 of 1346
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Levin Ishai - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of laser polar-body biopsy (PBB) for preimplantation genetic diagnosis on embryo quality. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control analysis. The quality of 145 embryos after PBB was compared to 276 embryos of the same group of women without biopsy. SETTING: University-based tertiary-care medical center. PATIENT(S): Women with ...
Cicinelli Ettore - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of Qlaira for endometrial preparation in women undergoing hysteroscopic polypectomy in the office setting. DESIGN: Randomized clinical pilot study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Academic research environment. PATIENTS: Seventy-four cycling women undergoing hysteroscopic polypectomy (polyp size <1.5 cm). INTERVENTIONS: Women were randomized to ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2012
This randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study compared the usefulness of danazol 400mg vaginally versus 600mg orally in women as a preoperative preparation for hysteroscopic surgery. Ninety-one fertile women were randomly allocated to Group A (46 patients received 400mg of danazol placed into the posterior vaginal fornix and three oral tablets ...
Eryilmaz Ozlem Gun - - 2012
PURPOSE: Endometrial polyp is the commenest pathology among the structural uterine abnormalities. In this study we compared the IVF outcomes of patients who underwent hysteroscopic endometrial polyp excision with respect to the time interval between the polyp resection and the subsequent IVF cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 ...
Simpson Melissa - - 2012
Background. Patients undergoing joint replacement remain at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) compared to other types of surgery, regardless of thromboprophylactic regimen. The pathophysiologic processes rendering this group of patients at risk for VTE are multifactorial. Procedure-specific and patient-specific exposures play a role in the postoperative development of VTE, ...
Cho H H - - 2012
To check the pathologic changes of focal adenomyosis after heat therapy using radiofrequency and to evaluate which approach--endometrial ablation or direct heat therapy--is better for adenomyosis. To evaluate whether the timing of the procedure and the menstrual cycle are related to pathologic outcomes after heat therapy. This study included nine ...
Maia Hugo H - - 2012
To investigate the effect of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena(®)) on aromatase and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) expression in the endometrium of patients with adenomyosis who were submitted to endometrial resection at the time of insertion, compared to a group not submitted to endometrial resection and a group of controls with adenomyosis ...
Roy Kallol Kumar - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of letrozole and clomiphene citrate (CC) in patients of anovulatory polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) with infertility. This prospective randomized clinical trial included 204 patients of PCOS. 98 patients (294 cycles) received 2.5-5 mg of letrozole; 106 patients (318 cycles) received 50-100 mg of CC (both orally ...
Yin Geping - - 2012
The purpose of the research is to study the histopathology and expression of survivin, estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER/PR) in the endometrium of patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) treated with radiofrequency endometrial ablation (REA). A total of 98 DUB patients were enrolled in this case-control study. Among them, 66 ...
Tsuzaka Yasuo - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of the selective α(1D) -adrenoceptor antagonist naftopidil and the selective α(1A) -adrenoceptor antagonist silodosin (as an example) in the management of ureteral stones in Japanese male patients. A total of 74 patients with symptomatic ≤ 10 mm ureteral stones ...
Maruo Takeshi - - 2011
Introduction: Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor in women during the reproductive years. Menorrhagia is the common symptom and accounts for the most frequent indication for hysterectomy. Thus, development of a novel drug for non-surgical treatment of uterine leiomyoma is needed for the betterment of women's health. Area ...
Itoh Yasunori - - 2011
Recently, we reported that α1A adrenoceptor (AR) is the main participant in phenylephrine-induced human ureteral contraction. We therefore decided to carry out a prospective randomized study to evaluate the effects of silodosin, a selective α1A AR antagonist, as a medical expulsive therapy for ureteral stones. A total of 187 male ...
Nilgün Bek - - 2011
Purpose:  We aimed to determine the efficacy of the physical therapy program as an adjunct to the Ponseti technique in the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. This study was carried out with the presumption of a difference in results between the study group who were included in the physiotherapy program and ...
Hur Yong Soo - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the safety and clinical effect of artificial shrinkage (AS) in terms of assisted hatching of fresh blastocysts. Also, we evaluated the correlation between patient age and the effect of AS on clinical outcome. Two AS methods, using a 29-gauge needle and laser pulse, were compared. ...
Dhainaut Alvilde - - 2011
Digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) calculates peripheral bone mineral density (BMD) from hand radiographs. The short-term precision for direct DXR has been reported to be highly satisfactory. However, long-term precision for this method has not been examined. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the long-term in-vitro precision for ...
Taner Tülin - - 2011
Bonded retainers are considered reliable, independent of patient co-operation, and highly efficient. However, most studies regarding the survival of retainers are retrospective. The aims of this investigation were to prospectively evaluate the failure rate of bonded lingual retainers, the influence of direct or indirect bonding procedures on survival, and to ...
Nichi Marcílio - - 2011
In women showing impaired fertility, a decreased response to ovarian stimulation is a major problem, limiting the number of oocytes to be used for assisted reproduction techniques (ART). Despite the several definitions of poor response, it is still a matter of debate whether young poor responder patients also show a ...
Mladenov Kiril V - - 2011
The objectives of this retrospective study were to evaluate the effect of direct vertebral derotation on the sagittal alignment of the spine after selective posterior thoracic fusion for Lenke Type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Preservation of the sagittal alignment has become critical in the management of spinal deformity. Better ...
Casson Ira R - - 2011
Positions, signs, symptoms, and medical management of National Football League players with concussions involving 7 or more days out (7+) from play were compared for two 6-year study periods (2002-2007 vs 1996-2001). More players were held out 7+ days in the 2002-2007 period without significant difference in concussion signs and ...
Popuri Radha Krishna - - 2011
The cornerstones of current management of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are the routine use of anticoagulant therapy, graduated elastic compression stockings, and early ambulation. Thrombolytic therapy was previously reserved only for patients with life-, limb-, or organ-threatening complications. However, the postthrombotic syndrome has been increasingly recognized as a frequent and ...
Tripathy Sujit Kumar - - 2011
We treated 15 cases of neglected and relapsed clubfeet by the Ilizarov distraction method using the Ponseti principle in 12 children (mean age 7.3 years). The deformities were corrected around the talar head in the sequence of the cavus, adduction, varus and finally equinus (as per the Ponseti principle). Clinical ...
George Harvey L - - 2011
The use of foot abduction orthosis [Denis Browne boot (DBB)] is vital for maintaining correction after the Ponseti technique for treating idiopathic clubfoot. Lack of adherence to DBB regimen is reported to be a potent cause for recurrence. Adherence to the boots and bars programme is difficult and patients sometimes ...
Iwamoto Jun J Institute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to confirm the short-term outcome of conservative treatment in terms of the ability to return to play and factors influencing return to play in athletes with symptomatic lumbar disc herniation. A total of 100 consecutive athletes (72 male and 28 female) who consulted our ...
Kraemer Paul - - 2010
Retrospective review of database patients. To compare infectious pin complication rates utilizing ceramic pins, an emerging technology, with a large database of complications in halo's using metallic pins. The halo/vest fixator remains a useful modality of treatment for cervical spine trauma but has been described as having a high incidence ...
Krause Fabian G - - 2010
Pes cavovarus affects the ankle biomechanics and may lead to ankle arthrosis. Quantitative T2 STAR (T2*) magnetic resonance (MR) mapping allows high resolution of thin cartilage layers and quantitative grading of cartilage degeneration. Detection of ankle arthrosis using T2* mapping in cavovarus feet was evaluated. Eleven cavovarus patients with symptomatic ...
Lee Keun-Bae - - 2010
Brachymetatarsia is the presence of an abnormally short metatarsal, and distraction osteogenesis has been used for its treatment. The purpose of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent distraction osteogenesis for the treatment of first and/or fourth brachymetatarsia. The data from forty-eight patients (sixty-four feet, ...
Hsu Yi-Ton - - 2011
Fifty-two consecutive adult patients with syndesmotic diastasis (SD) were treated with closed anatomical reduction and stable fixation by a trans-syndesmotic cancellous screw. A short leg splint was prescribed for a six week postoperative period. Treatment outcomes of syndesmotic screw removal at various time points were studied and compared (group 1 ...
Iskandar Hany N - - 2011
Conservatism is well recognised after Ponseti's method in the treatment of congenital clubfoot; however, this is not applicable to the complex and resistant arthrogrypotic type which challenges the orthopaedic surgeon. In such a type, soft tissue releases as fasciotomies, tenotomies, and capsulotomies, as well as osteotomies are insufficient, and joint ...
Rompe Jan D - - 2010
Whether plantar fascia-specific stretching or shock-wave therapy is effective as an initial treatment for proximal plantar fasciopathy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis of no difference in the effectiveness of these two forms of treatment for patients who had unilateral plantar fasciopathy for ...
Iobst Christopher - - 2010
It is difficult to replicate the regular rate and rhythm described by Ilizarov while lengthening with the Taylor Spatial Frame. The purpose of the study was to examine whether this breach of Ilizarov's principles has any deleterious effect on the ability of children to make healthy regenerate bone. A retrospective ...
Kim B S - - 2010
We report the clinical and radiological outcome of total ankle replacement performed in conjunction with hindfoot fusion or in isolation. Between May 2003 and June 2008, 60 ankles were treated with total ankle replacement with either subtalar or triple fusion, and the results were compared with a control group of ...
Casson Ira R - - 2010
Concussion in the National Football League (NFL) remains an important issue. An initial description of the injury epidemiology involved 6 years from 1996 to 2001. The increased attention to concussions may have resulted in team physicians being more conservative in treating players in recent years. Two consecutive 6-year periods (1996-2001 ...
Kneser Ulrich - - 2011
Skin defects of the foot, ankle and distal lower leg often require coverage by local or distant flaps. We aimed to compare functional outcome and donor-site morbidity following transfer of distally based delayed sural (DSFs) or peroneus brevis flaps (PBFs). Between 2003 and 2006, 52 patients (24 DSFs and 28 ...
Obayashi Satoshi - - 2010
Aortic stiffness is widely recognized as an important, independent determinant of cardiovascular risk. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has been developed to estimate vascular wall stiffness which is theoretically less affected by varied blood pressure. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the change of CAVI during one-year use ...
Xavier D B - - 2010
1. This study was conducted to verify the impact of different kinds of material and the number of times of litter reuse on the incidence of chicken pathologies. Approximately 4·5 million broilers from conventional Brazilian farms were evaluated in the abattoir for cellulitis, arthritis and contact foot-pad dermatitis. 2. Four ...
Chu Alice - - 2010
Many different clubfoot classification systems have been proposed, but no single one is universally accepted. Two frequently cited systems, developed by Dimeglio/Bensahel and Catterall/Pirani, are often used for evaluation purposes in the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. Our hypothesis was that the initial scores would be positively correlated with the number ...
Frigg Arno - - 2010
Alignment is instrumental for success and long-term survival of Total Ankle Replacement (TAR). At this point in TAR, only coronal alignment in the region of the tibiotalar joint or above has been assessed because inframalleolar deformity is difficult to visualize radiographically. The Hindfoot Alignment View (HAV) allows visualization of the ...
Datta N K - - 2010
This prospective study was conducted in the department of orthopedic surgery in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2005 to December 2007. Total number of 20 patients with 37 feet of equinus deformity due to cerebral palsy was managed by Baker's method. Equinus deformity in cerebral ...
van Gelder Janke H - - 2010
Short-term follow-up studies show good results in foot function, after surgical treatment of idiopathic clubfeet. Long-term follow-up studies are rare and probably represent a mixture of experience of different treating orthopedic surgeons. The purpose of this study is to present the long-term results of the posteromedial release (PMR) in congenital ...
Pascoli Laura L Belfast Hospital Trust and Department of Paediatric Rheumatology, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, - - 2010
To prospectively compare clinical examination of the ankle structures with ultrasound (US) findings. In 42 children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA; 25 girls, 17 boys, mean age 11.3 yrs, range 2.3-22.3 yrs), a total of 61 swollen/painful ankles were assessed clinically and ultrasonographically. Accurate clinical examination of the entire ankle ...
Pihlajamäki Harri - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some have recommended surgical treatment of Grade-III lateral ligament injuries in very active individuals with high functional demands on the ankle. The purpose of this study was to establish whether surgery provides better long-term results than functional treatment for acute ruptures of the lateral ligaments of the ankle. METHODS: ...
Kramer Dennis - - 2011
There is no consensus regarding optimum surgical treatment for chronic ankle instability. The purpose of this study is to describe a variation of the Chrisman-Snook lateral ligament reconstruction that the senior author uses in patients with chronic ankle instability recalcitrant to conservative management. All patients who underwent reconstruction from 1997 ...
Young Adam S - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report on a series of self-embedding behavior (SEB), demonstrate the effectiveness and clinical effect of image-guided foreign body removal (IGFBR) in the treatment of embedded soft-tissue foreign bodies (STFBs), and evaluate the role of the radiologist in the clinical management of SEB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study ...
Guillodo Yannick - - 2010
Ankle sprains may be followed by chronic pain and/or instability, which may induce substantial disability, most notably in athletes. Chronic ankle instability promotes the development of cartilage lesions in athletes. Therefore, accurate evaluation of the ankle ligaments is crucial to the optimal management of chronic ankle instability after a sprain. ...
Gelfer Yael - - 2010
The Ponseti method for clubfoot treatment offers satisfactory initial correction, but success correlates with abduction brace compliance, which is variable. Electrical stimulation as a dynamic intervention to prevent relapses was investigated. Data were compared to a control group. There was a significant improvement in ankle range of motion only in ...
Giza Eric - - 2010
Osteochondral injury of the talus can be challenging to treat because the damaged articular cartilage has a poor intrinsic reparative capability. Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation has become an effective means for treating persistent cartilage lesions that fail to respond to routine ankle arthroscopy. The purpose of this study was to assess ...
Giorgini Renato - - 2010
Symptomatic flatfoot is a prevalent disorder. We undertook a review of 50 feet in 39 patients with flexible flatfoot treated between August 2000 and January 2008 in order to evaluate the modified Kidner-Cobb procedure. Overall clinical results were rated as good in 48 (96%) feet and fair in 2 (4%) ...
El-Adwar Khaled Loutfy - - 2010
To evaluate neonates and infants with clubfoot, clinical and imaging modalities are required. Conventional radiography is of limited value because the studied bones are not fully ossified. We attempted to (1) evaluate clinically and sonographically the reliability of the Ponseti method in correcting clubfeet; and (2) determine whether various ultrasound ...
Kang Ok-Deuk - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rider position at walk and trot as a function of rider skill level by analyzing joint angles. Participants included three advanced riders and six beginners, and training was conducted for one hour, twice a week for 24 weeks. In the walk ...
Eralp Levent - - 2011
In rickets patients, limb deformities are usually multiapical and complex even with medical treatment; residual deformities remain necessitating surgical correction. In our study we aim to compare the results of correction of lower limb deformities, in rickets patients, treated with circular external fixator versus fixator-assisted intra-medullary nail. Seventeen rickets patients, ...
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