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Feng Yu - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective study of the sagittal spinopelvic parameters and deformity parameters in low grade isthmic spondylolisthesis pre- and post-operation. OBJECTIVE:: To better understand how the surgery influence saittal spino-pelvic alignment in low grade spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Over the past decade, the importance of the sagittal spinopelvic parameters ...
Kart Yeliz - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A marked decrease in the density of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) has been shown in patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. ICC may also play a role in primary obstructive megaureter (POM). An immunohistochemical study was conducted to investigate the density of ICC in ureterovesical junction (UVJ) segments resected ...
Horisawa Shiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Musician's dystonia is a task-specific movement disorder that causes twisting or repetitive abnormal finger postures and movements, which tend to occur only while playing musical instruments. Such a movement disorder will probably lead to termination of the careers of affected professional musicians. Most of the currently available treatments have ...
Egas Martijn - - 2013
Why humans are prone to cooperate puzzles biologists, psychologists and economists alike. Between-group conflict has been hypothesized to drive within-group cooperation. However, such conflicts did not have lasting effects in laboratory experiments, because they were about luxury goods, not needed for survival ("looting"). Here, we find within-group cooperation to last ...
Zhao Xue - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Substrate abnormality in pulmonary vein (PV) antrum plays a critical role in mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study compares the strategy of PV antrum radial-linear (PAR) ablation to encircling PV isolation for paroxysmal AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: -A total of 86 patients with paroxysmal AF were randomly ...
Jafari Mehraneh D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Decreased blood perfusion at an intestinal anastomosis may contribute to postoperative anastomotic leak (AL) resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality. Near-infrared (NIR) laparoscopy in conjunction with indocyanine green (ICG) allows for visualization of the microcirculation before formation of the anastomosis, thereby allowing the surgeon to choose the point of ...
Mont Michael A - - 2013
The purpose of this prospective controlled trial was to determine whether decrease in contamination could be achieved in nonnavigated and navigated total knee arthroplasties by replacing traditional saws, cutting blocks, and trials with specialized saws and single-use cutting blocks and trials. Various tray wrapping metrics during total knee arthroplasty were ...
Zou Changhong - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Increasing evidences have suggested that autoantibodies against muscarinic-2 acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural anti-M2-R for the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency catheter ablation is still unclear. METHODS: Totally 76 AF patients with preserved left ...
McDonald John E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare elite athletes who underwent hip arthroscopy with and without microfracture with respect to their ability to return to sport at the professional level. METHODS: All elite male athletes who underwent hip arthroscopy between 1999 and 2010 were identified. Inclusion criteria were ...
McCarter Matthew W - - 2013
A common finding in social sciences is that member change hinders group functioning and performance. However, questions remain as to why member change negatively affects group performance and what are some ways to alleviate the negative effects of member change on performance? To answer these questions we conduct an experiment ...
Cheng Kun-Shan - - 2013
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common form of congenital heart diseases. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases involved in causal cardiac tissue remodeling. We studied the changes of circulating MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities in the patients with VSD severity and closure. There were 96 children ...
Ziaee Seyyed Amir Mohsen - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of autologous single-donor fibrin glue after tubeless percutaneousnephrolithotomy (PCNL).Materials and Methods: Forty-three patients were planned for tubeless PCNL in a prospectivecohort study and randomized in two groups with or without using fibrin glue. Randomizationmethod was based on the computer-generated random numbers.Results: Transfusion, urinary leakage, or ...
Duan Xiaomin - - 2013
Among the noncompact matrix Lie groups, the special Euclidean group and the unipotent matrix group play important roles in both theoretic and applied studies. The Riemannian means of a finite set of the given points on the two matrix groups are investigated, respectively. Based on the left invariant metric on ...
McAllister Ian L - - 2012
The ophthalmoscope which is an indispensable tool of our profession is now taken for granted. It is often forgotten that it was only just over 150 years ago that the first binocular ophthalmoscope was invented. The early instruments were not popular for a variety of reasons. Australians Donald Schultz and ...
Lehrl S - - 2012
According to the literature, patients who are significantly impaired by physical mobility limitations can be rehabilitated if the patient's working memory is used to capacity. The conclusion that periodic mental activity improves physical rehabilitation should be evaluated. This is a prospective, controlled, and randomized open study of patients who underwent ...
Gokakin Ali Kagan - - 2012
The diagnostic methods such as upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) have played an important role in the evaluation of peptic ulcer (PU). Every year, millions of Muslims fast in Ramadan month. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fasting on PU via UGE. A total of 321 ...
Chen Chun-Yu - - 2012
A significant abrupt drop in heart rate is the most frequent complication during percutaneous microballoon compression of the trigeminal ganglion. It is suggested that co-activation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems plays an important role in this occurrence. We hypothesized that not only atropine, but also labetalol might be ...
Spano Susanne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We investigated clinical patterns of crotaline envenomation presenting to a tertiary-care academic hospital in Central California over a 10-year period. METHODS: An IRB-approved, retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients diagnosed with snakebite from December 2000 to December 2010. Data abstracted: demographics, anatomic location of bite, comorbid conditions ...
Jakoi Andre - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Athletic pubalgia is a complex injury that results in loss of play in competitive athletes, especially hockey players. The number of reported sports hernias has been increasing, and the importance of their management is vital. There are no studies reporting whether athletes can return to play at preinjury levels. PURPOSE:The ...
Maeda Yoshihiko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid clots play an important role in development of delayed vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The purpose of this study was to compare clearance of subarachnoid clots using external ventricular drainage (EVD) or lumbar drainage (LD) after Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) embolization for aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: The subjects were ...
Osuagwu Uchechukwu L - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To compare the effect of tetracaine 1% on central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements obtained by the ultrasound pachymetry (USP) and Topcon SP-3000P specular microscope. Methods: In the following sequence, SP-3000P before anesthesia, USP before anesthesia, SP-3000P 10 mins after anesthesia, USP 10 mins after anesthesia, CCT measurements were obtained from ...
Yoneda Hiroshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC)-Rho-kinase pathway plays an important role in Ca(2+)-sensitization of vascular smooth muscle contraction. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) inhibits SPC-Rho-kinase-activated Ca(2+)-sensitization in vitro and in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) models in vivo, and has also been shown to inhibit the occurrence of cerebral vasospasm after SAH onset in a prospective, ...
Schweizer Marin - - 2012
Design. Privacy curtains that separate patient care areas in hospitals may play an important role in the transmission of healthcare-associated pathogens. The aim of this randomized, controlled trial was to assess the effectiveness in a clinical setting of curtains incorporating a complex element compound (CEC) with antimicrobial properties. Setting. Twenty-one rooms in ...
Watkins Robert G RG - - 2012
BACKGROUND:It has been shown a microscopic lumbar diskectomy (MLD) is effective in getting professional athletes back to their sport after a herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). There is a need for more information on the time it takes professional athletes to return after surgery. PURPOSE:To determine average time for return to ...
Zultan Ro'i - - 2012
Attributions of responsibility play a critical role in many group interactions. This paper explores the role of causal and counterfactual reasoning in blame attributions in groups. We develop a general framework that builds on the notion of pivotality: an agent is pivotal if she could have changed the group outcome ...
Kim Sung Soo - - 2012
To evaluate the treatment results of intraarticular injection according to the frequency of hyaluronic acid with mesenchymal stem cells on the osteochondral defect of rabbits' medial femoral condyles. A 5 mm diameter and 4 mm depth osteochondral defect was made on the medial femoral condyles of 18 rabbits, divided into ...
Finley Margaret - - 2012
Finding ways to engage patients with stroke in repetitive intervention protocols long-term is poorly understood, particularly from the patients' perspective. Limited information exists that combines clinical expertise as well as user feedback on improving gaming interaction. The purpose of this study was to utilize input from focus groups of gaming ...
Forkert N D - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate if arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that are associated with a high rupture risk (HRR) are represented by different intranidal Time-of-Flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography intensity distributions compared to those with presumably low rupture risk (LRR). METHODS: Fifty post-contrast TOF datasets of patients with an AVM were analyzed in ...
McCullough Kirk A - - 2012
There is a relative paucity of data regarding the effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction on the ability of American high school and collegiate football players to return to play at the same level of competition as before their injury or to progress to play at the next level ...
Amorim Christiani Andrade - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of two vitrification protocols to cryopreserve human preantral follicles with the use of a xenografting model. DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: Gynecology research unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Ovarian biopsies were obtained from seven women aged 30-41 years. INTERVENTION(S): Ovarian tissue fragments were subjected to ...
Bassil Lasmar R - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to develop a system to facilitate the approach for patients with endometriosis, mainly for non-specialized gynecologists. This was a multicenter study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). The study aimed to correlate three known parameters for endometriosis, qualifying and quantifying their importance in terms ...
Talukdar Nayana - - 2012
: To estimate whether there is any association of long-term use of combined oral contraceptive pills (OCP) with adverse endometrial growth. : We reviewed the charts of 137 patients with history of OCP use undergoing endometrial preparation with estrogen for frozen embryo transfer. Endometrial thickness was measured by transvaginal ultrasonography ...
Artini Paolo Giovanni - - 2012
Objective: To analyze the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation on follicular microenvironment and on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes among poor responder patients. Study design: We enrolled 24 patients diagnosed as poor responders based on ESHRE consensus criteria. One group received 25 mg/die three times daily of DHEA supplementation for 3 ...
Esinler Ibrahim - - 2012
Background: Our aim was to determine the effect of single endometriomas ≤3 cm in diameter per se on ovarian reserve in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Methods: We enrolled 19 consecutive infertile patients (29 cycles) who had unilateral single endometriomas ≤3 cm in diameter and who underwent ICSI. Results: The ...
Kaislasuo Janina - - 2012
What are the incidence and factors associated with uterine perforation by modern copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS)? Perforation incidence was similar to that reported in prior studies and did not vary between Cu-IUD and LNG-IUS groups. Lactation, amenorrhoea and a post-partum period of <6 months ...
Cash Charles C - - 2012
To estimate the incidence of amenorrhea at 36 months after treatment using a third-generation thermal uterine balloon therapy (UBT) system and to compare it with the first-generation UBT system. The secondary objective was to estimate the effect of post-procedure curettage on patient outcomes at 36 months after endometrial ablation. Multicenter ...
Gökakın Ali Kağan - - 2012
BACKGROUND Medical treatment has played an important role in the reduction of peptic ulcer perforation (PUP). The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of fasting on PUP. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 229 patients who were operated due to PUP between 1999-2009 was made. Patients were divided ...
Shaw Shannon N - - 2012
Eight 1-yr-old common pintails (Anas acuta acuta) and one 2-yr-old white-faced whistling duck (Dendrocygna viduata) were presented for the persistence of primary flight feathers 1 yr after pinioning. The birds were housed outdoors in an open enclosure necessitating flight prevention. The birds were placed under general anesthesia, and a diode ...
Nahid L - - 2012
Ovulation dysfunction is one of the most common causes of reproductive failure in infertile couples. The prevalence of this disorder in infertile women is about 30 to 40%. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common disease that is closely related to ovulation dysfunction and 7% of women of childbearing age are ...
Liu Jiaen - - 2012
During IVF, non-transferred embryos are usually selected for cryopreservation on the basis of morphological criteria. This investigation evaluated an application for array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in assessment of surplus embryos prior to cryopreservation. First-time IVF patients undergoing elective single embryo transfer and having at least one extra non-transferred embryo ...
Garrido Nicolás - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure the success of in vitro fertilization (IVF) of donated ova according to cumulative newborn rates (CNBR) per number of embryos required to achieve at least one newborn (EmbR), considering in addition the relevance of age and infertility etiology. DESIGN: Survival curves and Kaplan-Meier methods were employed to analyze ...
Bifulco Giuseppe - - 2012
To investigate the impact of a 3 months preoperative administration of an oral contraceptive, containing dienogest (DNG) and estradiol valerate (E(2)V) on the outcome of office operative hysteroscopy (OOH). One-hundred and forty-two patients diagnosed at office hysteroscopy as having an asynchronous endometrium associated with either a broad-base sessile endometrial polyp ...
Fujiwara Hiroyuki - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to present the results of fertility-sparing treatment using medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for endometrial carcinoma (EC), and to clarify patient characteristics by investigating patient background factors. A total of 59 patients with EC, who received MPA as fertility-sparing therapy at two institutions over a 21-year ...
Salehpour Saghar - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) administration as an adjuvant to clomiphene citrate (CC) on induction of ovulation outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Material and Methods:  In this placebo-controlled double-blind randomized clinical trial, 180 PCOS infertile patients were ...
Chawalit Siriboon - - 2012
The objective was to determine the effects of ascorbic acid (AA), trichostatin A (TSA), and their combined treatment (TA) on reprogramming and development of cloned porcine embryos. Embryos treated with AA (50 and 100 µg/mL) had a higher blastocyst rate than controls (49.6% and 44.0% vs 30.7%, P < .05). ...
Hermida Jorge - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the Ecuadorian experience regarding the adoption, scale-up, and institutionalization of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL) for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage via continuous quality improvement (CQI) processes. METHODS: Average AMTSL implementation rates for women with vaginal deliveries were compared using unweighted provincial aggregate data ...
Deb Shilpa - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The PlasmaJet (PJ) coagulator uses neutral pure argon plasma to achieve coagulation. Helica thermal coagulator (HTC) achieves coagulation with helium gas. HTC is currently used in the treatment of mild to moderate endometriosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the tissue damage caused by PJ to ...
Lanciego Carlos - - 2012
PURPOSE: To correlate clinical outcomes after uterine artery embolization (UAE) performed to treat uterine fibroids with the presence of varying types of utero-ovarian anastomoses (UOA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all uterine angiograms from 202 patients (mean age 42 y, range 28-54 y) who underwent UAE ...
Nagata Chie - - 2012
Aim:  Adenomyosis patients treated with dienogest are considered to be at higher risk of uterine bleeding; however, the mechanisms which cause severe uterine bleeding in those patients are unknown. This study aims to investigate the risk factors of uterine bleeding among adenomyosis patients treated with dienogest. Material and Methods:  Clinical ...
Api Murat - - 2012
Endometrial ablation is one of the most effective methods for treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB). Balloon devices with circulating hot water inside or electrodes on the outer surface and radiofrequency-induced thermal destructors are the most recently introduced available tools for endometrial ablation. All of these methods are effective and ...
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