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Koo Kyo Chul KC Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Postoperative ileus (POI) is common following bowel resection for radical cystectomy with ileal conduit (RCIC). We investigated perioperative factors associated with prolonged POI following RCIC, with specific focus on opioid-based analgesic dosage. From March 2007 to January 2013, 78 open RCICs and 26 robot-assisted RCICs performed for bladder carcinoma were ...
Wada Momoko M Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, - - 2014
Generally, open portoenterostomy (PE) involves a wide extended anastomosis and all sutures are deep [extended PE (EP)]. In contrast, the anastomosis in Kasai's PE (KP), our modified open Kasai PE (MK), and our laparoscopic modified Kasai PE (lapMK) involve shallow suturing, especially at the 2 and 10 o'clock positions where ...
Dageforde Leigh Anne LA Vanderbilt Transplant Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn; Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
Autogenous arteriovenous hemodialysis accesses (arteriovenous fistulas [AVFs]) are preferred for chronic hemodialysis access. Preoperative vein mapping by duplex ultrasound is recommended before AVF creation, but there are few data correlating vein diameter with postoperative outcomes. Also, vein diameter has not been included in prior predictive models of fistula maturation. This ...
Sanz-Reig J J Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica, Hospital Universitario de Elda, Alicante, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate risk factors for dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), and its functional outcomes. A retrospective study was conducted on 22 cases with dislocation and 431 controls without dislocation, all performed with lateral access. The data were collected prospectively with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Patient related ...
Liddle Alexander D AD Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Botnar Research Centre, Windmill Road, Oxford OX3 7LD. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (UKR) has important advantages over total knee replacement (TKR) but has a higher revision rate. Outcomes vary between centres, suggesting that risk factors for revision may be modifiable with changes to patient selection or operative technique. The objective of this study was to determine factors affecting revision, ...
Celiksoy Mehmet Halil MH Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Medical Faculty, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis is an itchy, inflammatory, chronic, or chronically relapsing skin disease. The disease occurs in people who have an "atopic tendency" or may appear as a clinical sign of primary immunodeficiency. To determine the relation between severity of atopic dermatitis and hypogammaglobulinemia. One hundred sixty pediatric patients with atopic ...
Willard Victoria W VW Victoria W. Willard, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Si Chen, Hui Zhang, Rachel Brennan, and Sean Phipps, St Jude Children's Research Hospital; Matthew W. Wilson, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN; and Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Boston, - - 2014
To determine the developmental trajectory of early cognitive and adaptive skills in young children with retinoblastoma from diagnosis to 5 years of age. Ninety-four patients with retinoblastoma treated according to an institutional protocol underwent serial assessments of cognitive and adaptive functioning at age 6 months and 1, 2, 3, and ...
Burkhardt Jan-Karl JK Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Schulthess Clinic, Lengghalde 2, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
We aimed to identify technique-related factors influencing radiographic and patient-rated outcomes after two-level anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) using either cage or autologous bone, with or without anterior plate fixation (APF). This single center study was nested within the Eurospine Spine Tango data acquisition system. Inclusion criteria: consecutive two-level ...
Yanagiuchi Akihiro - - 2014
Several recent studies have reported the involvement of bladder dysfunction in the delayed recovery of urinary continence following radical prostatectomy (RP). The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of detrusor overactivity (DO) as a predictor of the early continence status following robot-assisted RP (RARP). This study included ...
Sturm Ekkehard E Pediatric Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In pediatric acute liver failure (PALF), rapid referral to a transplant center (TC) is advocated. Clinical variability of PALF may influence referral timing. We aimed to analyze early or late timing of referral in relation to clinical characteristics and outcome in PALF. We conducted a retrospective, single-center, comparative analysis of ...
Mochalina Natalia N Department of Emergency Medicine; Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2014
Vernakalant is a novel atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drug able to convert recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) with reportedly low proarrhythmic risk. Successful cardioversion predictors are largely unknown. We sought to evaluate clinical and electrocardiographic predictors of cardioversion of recent-onset AF with vernakalant. Consecutive patients with AF ≤48 hours admitted for cardioversion with ...
Ishii Hiro H University Hospitals Southampton NHS Trust, United Kingdom, Urology, Southhampton, United Kingdom ; - - 2014
Abstract To compare early surgical outcomes for robotic (RRC) and open (ORC) radical cystectomy with an emphasis on complications and postoperative mortality. Methods: Evidence acquisition: A literature review was conducted from 2000 to 2013 including studies comparing robotic and open radical cystectomy. The main outcome measures analysed were the complications ...
Zhao Ping P Ping Zhao, Shuo-Meng Xiao, Ling-Chao Tang, Zhi Ding, Xiang Zhou, Xiao-Dong Chen, Department of Gastro-hepatic Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
To compare the short-term outcomes of patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition (PGJI) with those undergoing total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis (TGRY). From January 2009 to January 2011, thirty-five patients underwent PGJI, and forty-one patients underwent TGRY. The surgical efficacy and short-term follow-up outcomes were compared between the ...
Lang Brian Hung-Hin BH Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China, - - 2014
Prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) at the time of the total thyroidectomy (TT) remains controversial in clinically nodal-negative (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma. Our study was designed to examine the predictive factors and pattern of locoregional recurrence (LRR) after pCND in the context of the postoperative stimulated Tg (sTg) level. A ...
Braito Matthias M Department of Orthopaedics, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Prior studies have reported improved gait performance and kinematics after total ankle arthroplasty (TAR) compared to ankle arthrodesis (AAD). Given these findings, AAD has been primarily considered as a salvage procedure that may lead to adjacent joint degeneration. A total of 101 TAR and 40 screw arthrodeses were enrolled in ...
Tan Chen C Department of Cardiology, Beijing Military Region General Hospital of PLA, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left atrial diverticulum (LAD) is not rare in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Recent reports focused on its morphology however data on its electrophysiological characteristics are lacking. Our study aims to investigate the electrogram and impedance features of LAD. This study included 24 patients (mean age, 58.5±10.7years) with LAD undergoing ...
Laddha Ashok Kumar - - 2014
Background: A comparative study of topical feracrylum citrate versus adrenaline to minimise haemorrhage-related complications in paediatric hypospadiac patients. Patients and Methods: A total of 108 consecutive paediatric hypospadiac patients (48 in the study group and 60 control - random allocation) were studied. In the study group, 1% feracrylum citrate solution ...
Saad Antonio F AF From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To review and update available evidence regarding outcomes after cesarean delivery (CD) using blunt versus sharp expansion of the uterine incision. We queried the database of MEDLINE (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1946 -December 2013), the Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Register, ClinicalTrials.gov and Web of Science. All relevant bibliographies were ...
Salturk Ziya Z Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, ENT Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nasal septal deviation results from irregular development of the nasomaxillary complex and trauma. Treatment of nasal septal deviation in pediatric patients is one of the biggest challenges in rhinology. Surgery may alter craniofacial growth patterns, and so it may be indicated only in the selected cases. The use of external ...
Haleem Amgad M AM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, - - 2014
Autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) is used for large (>100-150 mm(2)) or cystic osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus. Larger lesions may require using more than 1 graft to fill the defect. While patients with larger OCLs treated with microfracture exhibit inferior clinical outcomes, there is little evidence regarding the effect ...
Tuncer Pb P Technical Science Vocational School, Aksaray University, Aksaray, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to compare glycerol and ethylene glycol at different concentrations as cryoprotectants and lycopene or cysteamine (with/without) as antioxidants in Tris extender for bull semen. Twenty-four ejaculates were obtained from three bulls. Each ejaculate was split into four equal aliquots and diluted using both of ...
Frank Steven M SM Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
Although clinical outcomes have been reported for patients who do not accept allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT), many previous studies lack a control group, fail to use risk adjustment, and focus exclusively on cardiac surgery. We report a risk-adjusted, propensity score-matched, retrospective case-control study of clinical outcomes for inpatients who did ...
Queen Robin M RM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA - - 2014
Concomitant procedures are being performed with total ankle replacement (TAR) to improve alignment, function, and mobility. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in outcomes between patients who had a concomitant triceps surae lengthening (gastrocnemius recession [GSR] or triple hemisection [TAL]) versus a group that underwent TAR ...
Bisleri Gianluigi G aDivision of Cardiac Surgery, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, Italy bDivision of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA cDivision of Cardiology, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, Italy dDivision of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, New York, USA eAga Khan University Medical School, Karachi, - - 2014
The detrimental effects of inflammation following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) could negatively affect the postoperative outcome in a specific subset of high-risk patients. We therefore investigated the impact of a CPB circuit (Admiral, Eurosets, Italy) that allows separation of intracavitary and mediastinal blood on the release of biochemical markers and clinical ...
Konishi Akihide A Division of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background:Nobori is a novel biolimus A9-eluting stent (BES) coated with a biodegradable polymer only on the abluminal side, which degrades over 6-9 months post-stent deployment. The course of vessel reaction after deployment at these time points remains unclear.Methods and Results:We serially evaluated 28 BES implanted in de novo coronary lesions of 23 ...
Williams Judson B JB Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA; Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Although hemodynamic monitoring is often performed after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the role of monitoring postoperative central venous pressure (CVP) measurement as a predictor of clinical outcomes is unknown. As such, this study tests the hypothesis that postoperative CVP is predictive of operative mortality or renal failure. This is ...
Fuchs Mathijs C H W MC Orthopaedic Center Máxima, Postbox 90052, 5631 BM, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the range of motion and complications after Genesis II total knee arthroplasty with high-flexion tibia insert (TKA-HF). Furthermore, difference in knee flexion between high flexion and standard inserts was compared. The hypothesis was that knee flexion is better after high-flexion TKA. ...
Piazza M M Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Clinic, Padova University, School of Medicine, Padova, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim was to evaluate long-term outcomes and sac volume shrinkage after endovascular popliteal artery aneurysm repair (EVPAR). This study was a retrospective review of all EVPAR cases between 1999 and 2012. Sac volume shrinkage, long-term patency, limb salvage, and survival were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier estimates. The association of anatomical ...
Skupien Jan J Research and Clinic Divisions at Joslin Diabetes Center and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Metabolic Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2014
Most patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and proteinuria have poor glycemic control and a high risk of ESRD. We investigated whether long-term improvement of glycemic control reduces risk of ESRD in a prospective 7- to 15-year follow-up observation of 349 patients with CKD stages 1-3 enrolled in the Joslin ...
Cornelis Tom T Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Background: Frequent hemodialysis (HD) may be associated with an increased risk of vascular access complications. Studies addressing vascular access outcomes in frequent HD show conflicting results. Methods: We searched Medline for trials looking at vascular access outcomes in frequent HD. Results: Nineteen studies met the inclusion criteria; only studies with ...
Stipic Sanda Stojanovic SS From the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Split, Split, Croatia (SSS, MC, NE, DML), the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Split (GK), and the Department of ENT Surgery, University Hospital Split, Split, Croatia - - 2014
Negative postoperative behavioural changes (NPOBCs) are very frequent in children after surgery and general anaesthesia. If they persist, emotional and cognitive development may be affected significantly. To assess whether the choice of different anaesthetic techniques for adenotonsillectomy may impact upon the incidence of NPOBC in repeated measurements. A randomised, controlled, ...
Liu Xiao-Yang XY Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical - - 2014
Literature review and meta-analysis. Posterolateral fusion (PLF) and circumferential fusion (CF) were widely used in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. There was a great controversy over the preferred fusion method. We performed a meta-analysis for determining which fusion method was better in lumbar spondylolisthesis. A systematic search was conducted in ...
Springorum Hans Robert HR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Regensburg, Kaiser-Karl-V Allee 3, 93077, Bad Abbach, - - 2014
The purpose of this prospective, randomised, double-blind study was to test the hypotheses that patients with high-flexion total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have (1) a wider/greater range of motion (ROM) post-operatively and (2) higher levels of knee society score (KSS) and WOMAC score post-operatively compared to standard TKA. In this study, ...
Murgier J J Pierre Paul Riquet Hospita, Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Musculoskeletal Institute, 308 avenue de Grande Bretagne, 31059, Toulouse, - - 2014
Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is one of the known causes of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of FAI cases considered to be secondary to SUFE-like deformities. We performed a case-control study on 96 hips (75 patients: mean age 38 years ...
Scott C E H CE Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Old Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, - - 2014
We explored the outcome of staged bilateral total knee replacement (TKR) for symmetrical degenerative joint disease and deformity in terms of patient expectations, functional outcome and satisfaction. From 2009 to 2011, 70 consecutive patients (41 female) with a mean age of 71.7 years (43 to 89) underwent 140 staged bilateral ...
Lichtenberg Michael M 1 Klinikum Arnsberg, Vascular Centre, Arnsberg, - - 2014
Purpose : To evaluate the 1-year patency of the 4-F Pulsar-18 self-expanding nitinol stent for treatment of femoropopliteal occlusive disease in a national, prospective, multicenter, all-comers registry. Methods : Between January and June 2012, the German PEACE I all-comers prospective registry enrolled 148 patients with symptomatic femoropopliteal lesions (Rutherford category ...
Cardoso N M NM Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, - - 2014
Liver transplantation (OLT) involves a 5% to 10% 30-day mortality rate. Multiple scores have been used as predictors of early postoperative mortality, such as the original Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and MELD sodium. Investigations have been conducted over the last 5 years to find new predictors of early post-OLT ...
Chen Yen-I - - 2014
Many aspects in the management of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding rely on pre-esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) stratification of patients likely to exhibit high-risk stigmata (HRS); however, data predicting the presence of HRS are lacking. To determine clinical and laboratory predictors of HRS at the index EGD in patients presenting with acute upper ...
Hsu Jason E - - 2014
A subset of patients undergoing primary total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) have a medialized joint line secondary to glenoid wear. In some cases, the central pegs or peripheral pegs of a peg design glenoid component may violate the medial cortex of the glenoid vault. It is unknown whether this leads to ...
Nongpiur Monisha E - - 2014
Aim: To evaluate stereoacuity in patients with acquired esotropia and determine the factors associated with favorable outcomes. Materials and Methods: A total of 68 subjects aged 6 years and above were included in the study. Thorough clinical evaluation including binocular status examination using the Bagolini-striated glass test, The Netherland Organization ...
Chang Lawrence L Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United - - 2014
Engraftment syndrome (ES), characterized by fever, rash, pulmonary edema, weight gain, liver and renal dysfunction, and/or encephalopathy, occurs at the time of neutrophil recovery following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In this study, we evaluated the incidence, clinical features, risk factors, and outcomes of ES in children and adults undergoing first-time ...
Narsaria Nidhi N Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, - - 2014
This prospective comparative study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of implants of different design (titanium elastic intramedullary nail versus anatomical precontoured dynamic compression plate) in treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Sixty-six patients between 18 and 65 years of age were included in this study. They were randomized in two ...
Nichols Brent G BG Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
Identify laryngoscopic and functional outcomes of infants with vocal fold immobility (VFI) following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation and identify predictors of recovery. Retrospective review of patients with VFI following PDA ligation from 2001 to 2012 at a single institution. Inclusion criteria were: (1) PDA ligation as only cardiac surgical ...
Morison Zachary A ZA Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, - - 2014
The purpose of the investigation was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes in four bearing surfaces. Eighty patients (91 hips) undergoing total hip arthroplasty between 2004 and 2007 were randomized to one of four bearing surfaces: (1) cobalt-chrome (CoCr) and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE); (2) CoCr and XLPE; ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios A *Centre for Liver & Digestive Disorders, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh ‡Medical School, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK †Department of Internal Medicine, St. Vinzenz-Hospital, Düsseldorf, - - 2014
The completion rate (CR) of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) has been reported at 81.3% to 84.8%. Prokinetic agents are used to increase CR and (theoretically) diagnostic yield (DY). Domperidone has not been widely used in SBCE; unlike metoclopramide, it lacks extrapyramidal adverse effects. This was a retrospective study. This ...
Owens Katie H KH School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand, - - 2014
Intravenous acetaminophen is a commonly used analgesic following surgery. The aims of this study were to determine the population pharmacokinetic profile of intravenous acetaminophen and its metabolites in adult surgical patients and to identify patient characteristics associated with acetaminophen metabolism in the postoperative period. 53 patients were included in the ...
Ricciardi Ana Clara AC Stroke Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Background: Although multiple studies and meta-analyses have consistently suggested that regular physical activity (PhA) is associated with a decreased stroke risk and recurrence, there is limited data on the possible preconditioning effect of prestroke PhA on stroke severity and prognosis. We aimed to study the association of prestroke PhA with ...
Cincin Altug A Marmara University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to investigate subclinical cardiac disturbances in patients with symptoms due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) and the impact of adenotonsillectomy (AT) using conventional and novel echocardiographic measures. Thirty patients with grade 3 or 4 ATH (mean age: 7.86±3.83 years; 10 females) and 30 healthy, age- ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with worse long-term survival compared with on-pump CABG. We performed a meta-analysis of adjusted observational studies and randomized controlled trials. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through March 2014. Eligible studies were randomized ...
Pruziner Alison L AL Department of Rehabilitation, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, America Building (19), Room B315, 8901 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20889, USA, - - 2014
The initiation and progression of knee and hip arthritis have been related to limb loading during ambulation. Although altered gait mechanics with unilateral lower limb loss often result in larger and more prolonged forces through the intact limb, how these forces differ with traumatic limb loss and duration of ambulation ...
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