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Results 401 - 450 of 1958
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Farahi Azadeh - - 2013
To assess the effects of adjuvant mitomycin C (MMC) on tear function tests after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, one eye of myopic patients undergoing PRK was randomly chosen for PRK and the other eye was treated with PRK plus the application of 0.02% ...
Kim Moon-Chan - - 2013
: A retrospective case series. : The aim of this study was to determine the rate of cage subsidence after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) conducted using a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage, and to identify associated risk factors. : Although various rates of cage subsidence after lumbar interbody fusion ...
Umeda Masayuki - - 2013
Object Modified cervical laminoplasty techniques have been developed to reduce postoperative axial neck pain and preserve function in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, the previous studies demonstrating satisfactory surgical outcomes had a retrospective design. Here, the authors aimed to prospectively evaluate the 2-year outcomes of a modified cervical ...
Etminan Nima N Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University, Moorenstraße 5, 40225-Düsseldorf, - - 2013
To date, there is no immediate radiographic surrogate to quantify primary cerebral injury to identify patients at risk for delayed cerebral ischemia and poor clinical outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, we investigated the relation of early cerebral perfusion-computerized tomography and clot volume with radiological events of delayed cerebral ischemia ...
Bharathan Rasiah R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Eastern Road, Brighton, Sussex BN2 5BE - - 2013
This study was designed to assess fragmentation of Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) specimens, its influence on short-term cytological outcome, and the risk factors for specimen fragmentation, as we well as trainee performance on clinical outcome. This retrospective study was performed at a cancer center. Women who ...
Xu Kai K Department of Urology, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2013
In recent years the orthotopic neobladder has gained increasing popularity in patients who undergo radical cystectomy. However, there are only a few reports of orthotopic neobladders reconstructed from the sigmoid without detubularization. We investigated the complications and functional outcomes of the orthotopic sigmoid neobladder reconstructed using our detaenial technique. We ...
Alves-Pereira D - - 2013
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical symptoms associated with sharp mandibular bone irregularities (SMBI) after lower third molar extraction and to identify possible risk factors for this complication. Study Design: A mixed study design was used. A retrospective cohort study of 1432 lower ...
Elwér Sa S Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden. - - 2013
Two groups of fourth-grade children were selected from a population sample (N=926) to be either poor oral comprehenders (poor oral comprehension but normal word decoding) or poor decoders (poor decoding but normal oral comprehension). By examining both groups in the same study with varied cognitive and literacy predictors, and examining ...
Zellner T - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Prognostication of cardiac arrest survivors is challenging since therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has been introduced. We evaluated serum biomarkers and motor response. METHODS: This was a retrospective data analysis including patients in the years 2007-2012. Blood was drawn and a neurological examination was performed on admission and every morning. Outcomes ...
Milano Giuseppe G Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of a marrow-stimulating technique with microfractures of the greater tuberosity during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Eighty patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear underwent an arthroscopic single-row repair. Patients were divided into 2 groups of 40 cases each. In group 1, standard repair was performed; in ...
Roth Justin S - - 2013
We analyzed preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative functional outcomes to identify the most predictive preoperative characteristics of postoperative functional outcome for Cruciate Retaining (CR) TKA. In a prospective, multicenter study, 307 knees with minimum 2-year follow-up were first divided into groups based on 2-year functional performance. Logistic regression then determined ...
Lee Yuan-Ju - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of solifenacin on double-J stent-related symptoms following uncomplicated ureterosocpic lithotripsy (URSL). A total of 70 patients who underwent double-J ureteral stent insertion following URSL were consecutively recruited and received solifenacin postoperatively. Another 70 age- and sex-matched subjects without solifenacin therapy ...
Ji Fuhai F Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, - - 2013
Cardiac surgery is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular and other complications that translate into increased mortality and healthcare costs. This retrospective study was designed to determine whether the perioperative use of dexmedetomidine could reduce the incidence of complications and mortality after cardiac surgery. A total of 1134 patients ...
Gupta Nidhi - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Smooth recovery from anesthesia is desirable in children undergoing surgery for spinal dysraphism who are nursed in prone position during the postoperative period. Dexmedetomidine may be beneficial in these children owing to its sedative, anxiolytic, and opioid-sparing properties with minimal respiratory depression. METHODS:: Thirty-six children with spinal dysraphism at ...
Mandawat Anant - - 2013
Data are scarce on outcomes of pacemaker implantation in nonagenarians (age≥90 years). We identified patients >70 years of age (n=115 683) who underwent initial pacemaker implantation in the 2004 to 2008 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, complications, length of stay, and charges. Unadjusted outcomes ...
Chailert Chanchai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is still debatable whether a full-thickness assisted hatching (AH) is better than the partial zona thinning. In this research, we used a mouse model to study the effect of partial and complete laser-AH on the rate of completely hatched blastocyst and their cell numbers. METHODS: In experiment 1, ...
Baraliakos Xenofon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Compare the radiographic progression of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with infliximab (INF) versus historical controls (Herne cohort, HC) never treated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-blockers over 8 years. METHODS: Patients were selected based on the availability of lateral cervical and lumbar radiographs at baseline (BL) and after 8 ...
Rödöö Peo - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the natural course, onset, diagnostics and long-term follow up masturbation in infant girls, which up to now has only been described in case reports. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive healthy, masturbating girls, diagnosed in early infancy between three and 15 months, were followed up for an average of eight ...
Athappan Ganesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aortic regurgitation (AR) is an important limitation of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with ill-defined predictors and unclear long term impact on outcomes. We sought to analyze currently published literature to establish the incidence, impact and predictors of post TAVR AR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Studies published between 2002 and ...
Okoro T - - 2013
Abstract Background: Control cognitions have been directly related to positive engagement with rehabilitation regimes. The impact of such cognitions on recovery following surgery is not well understood. Purpose: To assess whether perceived control cognitions predict function 9-12 months following total hip replacement (THR). Methods: Prospective cohort study performed as part ...
Pinto Paula - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduced plasma nitrate (NOx) levels and increased urinary norepinephrine (U-NE) levels have been described in severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and are reverted by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The effect of CPAP on these biomarkers in mild-moderate OSA is not well understood.The aim of this study was to ...
Perri Gianluigi G Unit of Cardiac Surgery, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS, Rome, Italy. - - 2013
To analyse the factors associated with in-hospital mortality and mid-term significant neoaortic valve regurgitation (AR) after truncal valve (TV) repair. Eleven children underwent TV repair at our institution from July 1999 to March 2012. All children presented significant preoperative TV regurgitation. Valve anatomy was quadricuspid in 7 (64%) patients and ...
Lädermann Alexandre A Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyse the long-term incidence of dislocation arthropathy after a modified Latarjet procedure for glenohumeral instability. Long-term follow-up information was obtained from a consecutive series of patients who had undergone a modified Latarjet procedure by one surgeon between 1986 and 1999. Multivariable regression analysis ...
Cho Won-Chul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and risk of tricuspid valve replacements and to compare bioprosthetic versus mechanical valves. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2009, 104 consecutive patients (71 women; mean age, 57 ± 10.8 years) with tricuspid valvular disease underwent mechanical TVR (mechanical group; n = 59) or ...
Ajis Adam A Wirral University Teaching Hospital NHS Trust, - - 2013
It is still unknown how ankle range of motion changes following total ankle arthroplasty. This study was undertaken to more accurately address patient expectations, guide postoperative rehabilitation, and improve our understanding of how ankle range of motion changes with time. 119 total ankle replacements of 3 different prosthetic designs from ...
Bastian Johannes Dominik - - 2013
PURPOSE: Fixation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) substitutes with non-physiological anteroposterior translation (APT) worsens outcome. The aim was to present a technique for physiological APT adjustment of the transplant in ACL reconstruction and its outcome at midterm. METHODS: In a consecutive series of 28 patients (age 32 ± 11 years, 24 male), chronic ...
Tsalkidou Evanthia A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are encountered frequently in children, and their early diagnosis and treatment are important. This study evaluates the diagnostic value of serum concentrations of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), an acute-phase protein, in children with febrile UTI and compares it to those of the total white blood cell ...
Töx U - - 2013
Background and study aims: The majority of colonoscopies in Germany are performed under conscious sedation. Previous studies reported that pediatric colonoscopes reduce the demand for sedative drugs and may improve cecal intubation. The aim of this study was to compare a new ultrathin and a standard colonoscope in terms of ...
Fox Tyler J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Glenoid component loosening is thought to be a major cause of failure. This study assesses radiographic and clinical failure in shoulder arthroplasty, identifying factors predictive of loosening. METHODS: Three-hundred two shoulder arthroplasties were implanted utilizing a cemented, keeled glenoid component, mean clinical follow-up 8.6 years. One-hundred fifty one shoulders ...
Viprakasit Vip - - 2013
Accessibility to iron chelators including deferoxamine and deferasirox remains obscured in many developing countries. To provide an alternative, the government pharmaceutical organization of Thailand (GPO) manufactured deferiprone which has similar bioequivalent to the standard product. Seventy-three pediatric patients with severe β thalassemias, age range 3.2-19 years, were recruited to a ...
Hawker Gillian A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient predictors of 'good outcome' following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: A population cohort with hip/knee arthritis (osteoarthritis, OA; inflammatory arthritis, IA) aged 55+ years was recruited (1996-98; baseline) and assessed annually (demographics, troublesome joints, health status and overall hip/knee arthritis severity [WOMAC]). Survey data were linked ...
Orhon Zeynep Nur - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the comparative effects of propofol infusion versus sevoflurane for maintenance of anesthesia with respect to hemodynamics, recovery characteristics, nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II patients, aged between 22 and 65 years were ...
Kabirian Nima - - 2013
: Conradi-Hunermann syndrome (CHS) is a rare metabolic syndrome with several orthopaedic problems. Early-onset scoliosis is of great importance because of often rapidly progressive nature and high risk of postoperative complications. : To report the 34-year follow-up and outcome of a patient with CHS treated with combined anterior and posterior ...
Chahal Jaskarndip - - 2013
The objectives of this study were (1) to conduct a systematic review of clinical outcomes after osteochondral allograft transplantation in the knee and (2) to identify patient-, defect-, and graft-specific prognostic factors. We searched PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Studies that evaluated clinical outcomes in ...
Hudak Kevin E - - 2013
: It is common for pediatric patients with a history of hip dysplasia to undergo anteroposterior (AP) and frog-leg (FL) lateral radiographs to monitor development of the hip. Because of sensitivity of pediatric tissues to ionizing radiation, we sought to document the relationship between AP and FL radiographs and to ...
Kan Jing - - 2013
Sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) are reported to be associated with reduced late lumen loss (LLL), resulting in less frequent restenosis when compared to bare-metal stent. The current study aimed to assess the difference in LLL between SES with biodegradable and with permanent polymer. From March 2010 to June 2011, 300 consecutive ...
Sheetz Matthew J - - 2013
To assess the effect of ruboxistaurin (RBX) on vision loss through a prospectively defined combined analysis of two phase 3 trials (MBDL and MBCU). Patients in both of these 3-year randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked trials had best-corrected Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity (VA) ≥ 75 letters (∼20/32 Snellen), ...
Coban-Karatas Muge M Department of Ophthalmology, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2013
This study was designed to analyze the risk factors resulting in high intraocular pressure (IOP), which was accepted as IOP higher than 22 mmHg, following uncomplicated phacoemulsification. The records of 812 eyes of 584 patients who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification were evaluated. There were 330 men and 254 women ranging between ...
Bembea Melania M - - 2013
Many patient factors have been associated with mortality from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy. Pre-ECMO patient pH and arterial carbon dioxide (paCO2) have been associated with poor outcome and can be significantly altered by ECMO initiation. We hypothesized that the magnitude of change in paCO2 and pH with ECMO initiation ...
Okimoto Satoshi - - 2013
PURPOSE:: The goal of this study was to identify the early postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) that predicts low pressure control after a trabeculectomy with mitomycin C. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: This study retrospectively analyzed the medical records of the initial trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. We ...
Riggin Lauren - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although the literature suggests that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in controlling post-operative pain in the pediatric population, physicians have been reluctant to utilize these medications after tonsillectomy due to concerns of increased bleeding rates. While many surgeons prescribe opioid analgesics post-operatively, these are associated with a number ...
Large Michael C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Benign uretero-intestinal anastomotic (UIA) stricture is not uncommon following radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion. We studied the impact of running vs. interrupted technique on UIA stricture rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 7/07-12/08 an interrupted end-to-side anastomosis was performed and from 1/09-7/10, a running. The primary endpoint was time ...
Jelsing Elena - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of fluid associated with the iliotibial band (ITB) in asymptomatic recreational runners. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Sports medicine center at a tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Five male and fifteen female asymptomatic recreational runners (10-30 miles per week) ages 18-40 years. METHODS: Participants ...
Kim Jin-Seok - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Uninterrupted anticoagulation with warfarin during radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a lower risk of periprocedural complications than when warfarin is temporarily discontinued. However, the optimal international normalized ratio (INR) levels during RFA have not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: -In this retrospective analysis, ...
Chen Mang L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of augmenting ventral onlay buccal urethroplasty using a using a double-sided graft technique by adding a second, full-thickness skin graft (FTSG) dorsally in long strictures ≥4 cm, we hypothesized that a double-sided graft technique would improve surgical outcomes over buccal mucosal graft (BMG) ventral onlay urethroplasty ...
Chiquete Erwin - - 2013
Background: Current evidence shows that uric acid is a potent antioxidant whose serum concentration increases rapidly after acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Nevertheless, the re-lationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and AIS outcome remains debatable. We aimed to describe the prognostic significance of SUA in AIS. Methods: We studied 463 ...
Ferrari Renata - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that mean values of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) do not change significantly in COPD patients over a one-year period. However, longer period follow-up studies are still lacking. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate plasma CRP and IL-6 concentration over ...
Kim Jeong Hyun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal changes in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Data on 127 patients who underwent RARP and completed the American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUASS) preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery were collected prospectively and reviewed retrospectively. ...
Rong Shi Song - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To study the association of intraoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) at the conclusion of primary trabeculectomy with postoperative IOP on days 1, 7, and 30 and report the ability of intraoperative IOP to predict early postoperative IOP. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Prospective, observational, case series. Ninety-seven consecutive patients with primary open-angle ...
Groenveld Hessel F HF Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the - - 2013
This study sought to investigate differences in outcome between patients treated with successful strict, failed strict, and lenient rate control. The RACE II (Rate Control Efficacy in Permanent Atrial Fibrillation) study showed no difference in outcome between lenient and strict rate control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, ...
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