Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1958
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Davis Reginald - - 2013
Object Posterolateral spinal fusion (PSF) has long been the standard of care for degenerative spondylolisthesis, but less invasive, motion-preserving alternatives have been proposed to reduce the complications associated with fusion while still providing neural decompression and stabilization. The object of the current study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy ...
Boersema J S C - - 2013
A group of 110 dairy farmers and 26 bovine veterinarians participated in a web-based questionnaire using the adaptive conjoint analysis technique to rank their perception regarding several hazards during 6 subsequent periods of the process of dairy young stock rearing. The method applied only involved selected respondents with a high ...
Demir Uygar Levent - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impacts of obstructive adenotonsillar disease on periodontal health and to assess the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in the prevention of chronic periodontitis in children. METHODS: This prospective and controlled clinical study was conducted between August 2012 and February 2013 with 35 pediatric patients who had permanent anterior ...
Fokas Emmanouil - - 2013
This retrospective study aimed to investigate long-term outcome in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Between 1998 and 2008, 164 patients with AVM received SRS. Median age was 36 years (range 7-69 years). Before SRS, 39 % of the patients experienced haemorrhage and 27 % suffered from epileptic seizures, whereas ...
Carvalho Gabriela F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Migraine, especially migraine with aura (MA), appears to be a risk factor for ischemic lesions in the posterior fossa. The clinical relevance of the lesions is uncertain. Accordingly, herein, we identified individuals with MA, migraine without aura (MO), and without migraine (controls) in order to investigate their balance and ...
Jenewein N - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to prove an association between generalized skin edema and nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and its predictive value for aneuploidy and structural anomalies. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study fetuses with and without skin edema in the first trimester with an NT above ...
Schäfer Edgar - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare different single-cone obturation techniques in terms of the percentage of gutta-percha-filled areas (PGFA), sealer-filled areas (PSFA), and voids. Sixty extracted mandibular incisors with straight canals were allocated into 6 groups: (A) FlexMaster, (B) Mtwo, (C) ProTaper, (D) Reciproc, (E) WaveOne, and (F) ...
Karkouti Keyvan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Coagulopathy leading to excessive blood loss and large volume red cell transfusion is a frequent complication of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) that may be caused by low perioperative fibrinogen levels. We explored the relationship between post-CPB fibrinogen levels and large volume red cell transfusion.METHODS:Patients who underwent cardiac surgery ...
Geijsen G J P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The posterior condylar offset (PCO) and the tibiofemoral contact point (CP) have been reported as important factors that can influence range of motion and clinical outcome after total knee arthroplasty. A mobile-bearing knee implant with an anterior posterior gliding insert would in theory be more sensitive for changes in ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is defined as a too-small effective orifice area (EOA) of an inserted prosthetic relative to body size, resulting in an abnormally high postoperative gradient. It is unclear, however, whether residual stenosis after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has a negative impact on mid- and long-term survivals. We searched ...
Peterson Pamela N PN Department of Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, 777 Bannock St, MC 0960, Denver, CO 80204, USA. - - 2013
Randomized trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention predominantly used single-chamber devices. In clinical practice, patients often receive dual-chamber ICDs, even without clear indications for pacing. The outcomes of dual- vs single-chamber devices are uncertain. To compare outcomes of single- and dual-chamber ICDs for primary prevention of sudden cardiac ...
Kang Ho Jung HJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonseiro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South - - 2013
Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a common late complication of traumatic cubitus valgus deformity. Whether both problems can be corrected together, safely and effectively, in a single surgical procedure remains unknown. We therefore reviewed a patient cohort having this combined surgery and compared preoperatively and at a minimum of 24 ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Children with various single ventricle anomalies are at risk of developing systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction (SVOTO) following volume unloading with cavopulmonary connection (CPC). We aim to evaluate the value of Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) anastomosis at the time of CPC in eliminating late SVOTO risk. METHODS: Retrospective review of single ...
Cañadas Pilar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To compare keratocyte density after mechanical microkeratome LASIK (MK-LASIK) and femtosecond-laser assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of myopic patients that underwent MK-LASIK or FS-LASIK. We measured keratocyte density 3 and 15 months, and 3-5 years after the surgery using confocal microscopy, and compared them with healthy, non-operated ...
Danzer E - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to longitudinally evaluate the neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors during the first 3 years of life.Study Design:The study cohort consists of 47 CDH survivors that were enrolled in our prospective, follow-up program between July 2004 and September 2010, and underwent ...
Sasser William C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate impact of prophylactic peritoneal dialysis (PD) on clinical outcomes and inflammatory cytokines in children following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Prospective before-and-after nonrandomized cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit in tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-two consecutive neonates and infants at high risk for postoperative fluid ...
Borges Flávia Kessler - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preoperative NT-proBNP has been shown to predict adverse cardiac outcomes, although recent studies suggested that postoperative NT-proBNP determination could provide additional information in patients submitted to noncardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of perioperative NT-proBNP in intermediate and high risk cardiovascular patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This ...
Filloux B - - 2013
Background: Devices that limit microaspiration through the cuffs of endotracheal tubes could help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The amount of tracheal microaspirations could be a relevant study endpoint. The aim of our study was to assess whether amylase measured in tracheal secretions constituted a relevant marker for microaspiration. Methods: Twenty-six ...
Hemmann Katrin K Department of Cardiology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was developed as a promising new therapy for inoperable and surgical high-risk patients as an alternative to traditional aortic valve replacement. After a successful procedure, prognosis may mainly be determined by comorbidities. However, no appropriate risk score to predict long-term outcome following TAVI is currently ...
Rossi Costanza - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify incidence and predictors of late seizures (LS, occurring >1 week of stroke) in a cohort of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Prospective cohort of consecutive adults with spontaneous ICH. Incidence and predictors were identified with Cox regression. We included multivariate analyses on MRI biomarkers ...
Ekinci Zelal - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to define the epidemiological and clinical features and prognostic factors of the first diarrhea-related hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS) outbreak in Turkey in 2011. All pediatric nephrology centers in Turkey were asked about D+HUS patients via e-mail. Seventy D+HUS patients (median age: 5.7 ...
Askim Torunn T Department of neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2013
To investigate how physical activity changes over the first 6 months after stroke, and how activity is related to function. A longitudinal study with an initial assessment within 14 days after stroke (in hospital) and follow-up assessments 1, 3 and 6 months later (in-patient rehabilitation or at home). Patients with ...
Park C-H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of proximal and distal chevron osteotomy in patients with moderate hallux valgus. We retrospectively reviewed 34 proximal chevron osteotomies without lateral release (PCO group) and 33 distal chevron osteotomies (DCO group) performed sequentially by a single surgeon. There were no ...
Letti Helen Carolina Becker - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate a sagittal variation on the lower incisors with the use of the lingual arch on the transition from mixed to permanent dentition. The sample was constituted of 44 Caucasian patients (26 girls and 18 boys), divided in two groups: CG, control group, ...
Han Hyuk-Soo HS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, 20, Boramae 5th Road, Seoul, 156-707, South - - 2013
The long-term survivorship of TKA in Asian countries is comparable to that in Western countries. High-flexion TKA designs were introduced to improve flexion after TKA. However, several studies suggest high-flexion designs are at greater risk of femoral component loosening compared with conventional TKA designs. We previously reported a revision rate ...
Rabin Igor - - 2013
Background: The use of an arteriovenous (AV) graft for hemodialysis is associated with a relatively high rate of thrombosis. Unfortunately, the urgent thrombectomy is not always readily available. Our aim was to investigate a possible association between the timing of thrombectomy and the patency rates of AV grafts. Methods: A ...
Grover Zubin - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) induces clinical and mucosal healing (MH) in Crohn's disease (CD), with MH the best determinant of future outcome. We investigated efficacy of EEN for inducing early clinical, biochemical, mucosal and transmural remission of CD and related early endoscopic response to outcomes at 1 year. ...
Maetani Iruru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Usually, uncovered self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) are used for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). A triple-layered covered SEMS is reported to be efficacious, but its performance has not been compared with uncovered SEMS. The present study is the first to compare the efficacy and safety of a ...
Bayram Meral Torun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to determine the relation of TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms and monocyte/neutrophil TLR-4 expression to febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scar development in children. METHODS: The study was performed in children with a history of febrile UTI. Patients with and without renal ...
Ueno Tetsuya - - 2013
Purpose: We examined changes of TR (tricuspid regurgitation) after mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) and investigated their contributing parameters. Methods: We divided 205 patients undergoing mitral valve repair for degenerative MR into 3 groups: up-grade (n = 65), down-grade (n = 29), and no-change (n = 111) ...
Yu Ning N Dundee Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Division of Population Health Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. - - 2013
This study aims to identify the best biochemical risk factors alongside other factors for predicting adverse outcomes seen in untreated primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Population-based cohort study, 1997-2006. Tayside, Scotland, UK. Patients with untreated diagnosed PHPT. OUTCOME MEASURES AND METHODS: Outcomes considered were all-cause mortality, fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease (CVD). ...
Candan Ozkan - - 2013
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is common after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and prolonged hospital stay. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has been applied recently for evaluation of LA function. The purpose of this study was to examine whether left atrial longitudinal strain measured by STE is ...
Trachana Maria - - 2013
The objective of this retrospective study was to record the achievement of clinical remission (CR) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients under a 2-10 years' administration of Etanercept (ETN) and to detect any variables associated with CR. Patients previously resistant to conventional regimens were enrolled. The annual impact of ETN was assessed ...
Antony Anuja K - - 2013
Rates of bilateral implant breast reconstruction (BI/BR) are rising despite the lack of precise information. Previous studies have examined unilateral reconstruction, making it difficult to counsel patients regarding the risk of BI/BR. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of complications and predictors of unfavorable aesthetic outcomes ...
Baker Paul - - 2013
Revision rates following unicondylar knee replacement vary among reporting institutions. Revision rates from institutions involved in the design of these implants and independent single-center series are comparable with those following total knee replacement, suggesting that higher operative volumes and surgical enthusiasm improve revision outcomes. This registry-based cohort study involved the ...
Chen Zhi-Yang - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (i) the relationship between the ratio of fresh gas flow to min volume (FGF/MV) and the ratio of the fraction of inspired sevoflurane to the delivered concentration of sevoflurane (FI/FD); (ii) to establish the saturation state of sevoflurane anaesthesia and factors affecting the volume of ejected sevoflurane ...
Claesson Margareta - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To compare the clinical outcome of regrafts with first grafts. METHODS:: Two-year outcome data were obtained from the Swedish Cornea Transplant Register for patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty between 2001 and 2008. Only data from the 3 centers with follow-up return rates >75% were included. The survival and visual outcome ...
Rodríguez-Baño Jesús - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of virulence factors (VF) and other microbiological determinants on the outcome of patients with invasive infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC). METHODS: A prospective multicentre cohort including 191 patients with bacteraemia due to ESBLEC from 13 hospitals in Spain was studied. Phylogroups and ...
Caruso Anna Maria - - 2013
PURPOSE: The incidence of GER, related symptoms and complications in patients treated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are poorly defined. The aim was to evaluate incidence and development of GER in children treated for CDH in a short- and long-term follow-up period, identifying potential risk factors of morbidity. METHODS: Thirty-six ...
Hartofilakidis George G Orthopaedic Department, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, KAT Hospital, 21 Fotiou Patriarchou Street, 11471, Athens, Greece. - - 2013
In a previous study, we described two subtypes of high dislocation of the hip depending on the presence (C1) or absence (C2) of a false acetabulum, yet we have already presented the concise followup of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in these patients as a group at a minimum of 15 ...
Couchet G - - 2013
AIM: to evaluate the outcomes of EVAR performed with a new generation of bifurcated endografts and limbs. METHODS: prospectively collected data from fifty consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treated at our institution with a Low Profile Zenith(®) bifurcated body/Zenith(®) Spiral-Z legs combo were analysed. AngioCT scans and Ultrasound ...
Pathania Daizy - - 2013
Purpose: This study was aimed at reporting the outcomes of trabeculectomy in primary juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG). Design: This study was a retrospective noncomparative case series. Materials and Methods: We included 60 eyes of 41 JOAG patients who underwent primary trabeculectomy without mitomycin-C (MMC) between 1995 and 2007. The ...
Radman Monique - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association between preoperative nutritional status and postoperative outcomes in children undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects (CHD). METHODS: Seventy-one patients with CHD were enrolled in a prospective, 2-center cohort study. We adjusted for baseline risk differences using a standardized risk ...
Manterola Carlos - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of omentoplasty (OP) and capitonnage (CA) in residual cavity management during the hepatic hydatidosis (HH) surgery in terms of the postoperative morbidity. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Patients with non-complicated HH treated with subtotal pericystectomy in the Department of Surgery of the Temuco Regional Hospital between ...
Negishi Kazuaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Assessment of left ventricular systolic function is necessary during trastuzumab-based chemotherapy because of potential cardiotoxicity. Deformation indices have been proposed as an adjunct to clinical risk factors and ejection fraction (EF), but the optimal parameter and optimal cutoffs are undefined. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Soares Rosangela P S - - 2013
To analyze the preoperative plasma antigenic concentration and activity of von Willebrand factor and its main cleaving protease ADAMTS-13 in pediatric patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing surgical treatment and investigate possible correlations with postoperative bleeding. Plasma antigenic concentrations (von Willebrand factor:Ag and ADAMTS-13:Ag) were measured using enzyme-linked immunoassays. ...
Hopker Luisa M - - 2013
To report the success rates in children after one-muscle recession for sensory strabismus. The medical records of consecutive patients ≤18 years of age who underwent primary unilateral horizontal surgery for sensory strabismus measuring ≤30(Δ) from 2004 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included age at surgery, sex, length of ...
Hong Hyoung Ju - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, rebleeding rates, survival, and complications of endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) with those of endoscopic variceal obliteration (EVO) in patients with acute type 1 gastroesophageal variceal (GOV1) bleeding. Data were collected retrospectively at a single center. A total of 84 patients ...
Yildiz Huseyin - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oral carbohydrate solution (CHO) on perioperative discomfort, biochemistry, hemodynamics, and patient satisfaction in elective surgery patients under general anesthesia. Sixty cases in ASA I-II group who were planned to have operation under general anesthesia were included in the ...
Kim Sung Eun - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on functional dyspepsia (FD), and the relationship between the changes of histological gastritis and FD symptom responses. A total of 213 FD patients diagnosed by Rome III criteria were consecutively enrolled. H. pylori tests and gastritis grade by the Sydney system ...
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