Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1949
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Schäfer Edgar - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare different single-cone obturation techniques in terms of the percentage of gutta-percha-filled areas (PGFA), sealer-filled areas (PSFA), and voids. Sixty extracted mandibular incisors with straight canals were allocated into 6 groups: (A) FlexMaster, (B) Mtwo, (C) ProTaper, (D) Reciproc, (E) WaveOne, and (F) ...
Karkouti Keyvan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Coagulopathy leading to excessive blood loss and large volume red cell transfusion is a frequent complication of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) that may be caused by low perioperative fibrinogen levels. We explored the relationship between post-CPB fibrinogen levels and large volume red cell transfusion.METHODS:Patients who underwent cardiac surgery ...
Geijsen G J P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The posterior condylar offset (PCO) and the tibiofemoral contact point (CP) have been reported as important factors that can influence range of motion and clinical outcome after total knee arthroplasty. A mobile-bearing knee implant with an anterior posterior gliding insert would in theory be more sensitive for changes in ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is defined as a too-small effective orifice area (EOA) of an inserted prosthetic relative to body size, resulting in an abnormally high postoperative gradient. It is unclear, however, whether residual stenosis after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has a negative impact on mid- and long-term survivals. We searched ...
Peterson Pamela N PN Department of Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, 777 Bannock St, MC 0960, Denver, CO 80204, USA. - - 2013
Randomized trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention predominantly used single-chamber devices. In clinical practice, patients often receive dual-chamber ICDs, even without clear indications for pacing. The outcomes of dual- vs single-chamber devices are uncertain. To compare outcomes of single- and dual-chamber ICDs for primary prevention of sudden cardiac ...
Kang Ho Jung HJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonseiro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South - - 2013
Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a common late complication of traumatic cubitus valgus deformity. Whether both problems can be corrected together, safely and effectively, in a single surgical procedure remains unknown. We therefore reviewed a patient cohort having this combined surgery and compared preoperatively and at a minimum of 24 ...
Cañadas Pilar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To compare keratocyte density after mechanical microkeratome LASIK (MK-LASIK) and femtosecond-laser assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of myopic patients that underwent MK-LASIK or FS-LASIK. We measured keratocyte density 3 and 15 months, and 3-5 years after the surgery using confocal microscopy, and compared them with healthy, non-operated ...
Danzer E - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to longitudinally evaluate the neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors during the first 3 years of life.Study Design:The study cohort consists of 47 CDH survivors that were enrolled in our prospective, follow-up program between July 2004 and September 2010, and underwent ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Children with various single ventricle anomalies are at risk of developing systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction (SVOTO) following volume unloading with cavopulmonary connection (CPC). We aim to evaluate the value of Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) anastomosis at the time of CPC in eliminating late SVOTO risk. METHODS: Retrospective review of single ...
Sasser William C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate impact of prophylactic peritoneal dialysis (PD) on clinical outcomes and inflammatory cytokines in children following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Prospective before-and-after nonrandomized cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit in tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-two consecutive neonates and infants at high risk for postoperative fluid ...
Borges Flávia Kessler - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preoperative NT-proBNP has been shown to predict adverse cardiac outcomes, although recent studies suggested that postoperative NT-proBNP determination could provide additional information in patients submitted to noncardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of perioperative NT-proBNP in intermediate and high risk cardiovascular patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This ...
Filloux B - - 2013
Background: Devices that limit microaspiration through the cuffs of endotracheal tubes could help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The amount of tracheal microaspirations could be a relevant study endpoint. The aim of our study was to assess whether amylase measured in tracheal secretions constituted a relevant marker for microaspiration. Methods: Twenty-six ...
Hemmann Katrin K Department of Cardiology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was developed as a promising new therapy for inoperable and surgical high-risk patients as an alternative to traditional aortic valve replacement. After a successful procedure, prognosis may mainly be determined by comorbidities. However, no appropriate risk score to predict long-term outcome following TAVI is currently ...
Rossi Costanza - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify incidence and predictors of late seizures (LS, occurring >1 week of stroke) in a cohort of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Prospective cohort of consecutive adults with spontaneous ICH. Incidence and predictors were identified with Cox regression. We included multivariate analyses on MRI biomarkers ...
Park C-H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of proximal and distal chevron osteotomy in patients with moderate hallux valgus. We retrospectively reviewed 34 proximal chevron osteotomies without lateral release (PCO group) and 33 distal chevron osteotomies (DCO group) performed sequentially by a single surgeon. There were no ...
Letti Helen Carolina Becker - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate a sagittal variation on the lower incisors with the use of the lingual arch on the transition from mixed to permanent dentition. The sample was constituted of 44 Caucasian patients (26 girls and 18 boys), divided in two groups: CG, control group, ...
Ekinci Zelal - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to define the epidemiological and clinical features and prognostic factors of the first diarrhea-related hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS) outbreak in Turkey in 2011. All pediatric nephrology centers in Turkey were asked about D+HUS patients via e-mail. Seventy D+HUS patients (median age: 5.7 ...
Han Hyuk-Soo HS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, 20, Boramae 5th Road, Seoul, 156-707, South - - 2013
The long-term survivorship of TKA in Asian countries is comparable to that in Western countries. High-flexion TKA designs were introduced to improve flexion after TKA. However, several studies suggest high-flexion designs are at greater risk of femoral component loosening compared with conventional TKA designs. We previously reported a revision rate ...
Askim Torunn T Department of neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. - - 2013
To investigate how physical activity changes over the first 6 months after stroke, and how activity is related to function. A longitudinal study with an initial assessment within 14 days after stroke (in hospital) and follow-up assessments 1, 3 and 6 months later (in-patient rehabilitation or at home). Patients with ...
Rabin Igor - - 2013
Background: The use of an arteriovenous (AV) graft for hemodialysis is associated with a relatively high rate of thrombosis. Unfortunately, the urgent thrombectomy is not always readily available. Our aim was to investigate a possible association between the timing of thrombectomy and the patency rates of AV grafts. Methods: A ...
Grover Zubin - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) induces clinical and mucosal healing (MH) in Crohn's disease (CD), with MH the best determinant of future outcome. We investigated efficacy of EEN for inducing early clinical, biochemical, mucosal and transmural remission of CD and related early endoscopic response to outcomes at 1 year. ...
Maetani Iruru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Usually, uncovered self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) are used for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). A triple-layered covered SEMS is reported to be efficacious, but its performance has not been compared with uncovered SEMS. The present study is the first to compare the efficacy and safety of a ...
Bayram Meral Torun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to determine the relation of TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms and monocyte/neutrophil TLR-4 expression to febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scar development in children. METHODS: The study was performed in children with a history of febrile UTI. Patients with and without renal ...
Ueno Tetsuya - - 2013
Purpose: We examined changes of TR (tricuspid regurgitation) after mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) and investigated their contributing parameters. Methods: We divided 205 patients undergoing mitral valve repair for degenerative MR into 3 groups: up-grade (n = 65), down-grade (n = 29), and no-change (n = 111) ...
Candan Ozkan - - 2013
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is common after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and prolonged hospital stay. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has been applied recently for evaluation of LA function. The purpose of this study was to examine whether left atrial longitudinal strain measured by STE is ...
Trachana Maria - - 2013
The objective of this retrospective study was to record the achievement of clinical remission (CR) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients under a 2-10 years' administration of Etanercept (ETN) and to detect any variables associated with CR. Patients previously resistant to conventional regimens were enrolled. The annual impact of ETN was assessed ...
Yu Ning N Dundee Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Division of Population Health Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. - - 2013
This study aims to identify the best biochemical risk factors alongside other factors for predicting adverse outcomes seen in untreated primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Population-based cohort study, 1997-2006. Tayside, Scotland, UK. Patients with untreated diagnosed PHPT. OUTCOME MEASURES AND METHODS: Outcomes considered were all-cause mortality, fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease (CVD). ...
Baker Paul - - 2013
Revision rates following unicondylar knee replacement vary among reporting institutions. Revision rates from institutions involved in the design of these implants and independent single-center series are comparable with those following total knee replacement, suggesting that higher operative volumes and surgical enthusiasm improve revision outcomes. This registry-based cohort study involved the ...
Antony Anuja K - - 2013
Rates of bilateral implant breast reconstruction (BI/BR) are rising despite the lack of precise information. Previous studies have examined unilateral reconstruction, making it difficult to counsel patients regarding the risk of BI/BR. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of complications and predictors of unfavorable aesthetic outcomes ...
Chen Zhi-Yang - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (i) the relationship between the ratio of fresh gas flow to min volume (FGF/MV) and the ratio of the fraction of inspired sevoflurane to the delivered concentration of sevoflurane (FI/FD); (ii) to establish the saturation state of sevoflurane anaesthesia and factors affecting the volume of ejected sevoflurane ...
Claesson Margareta - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To compare the clinical outcome of regrafts with first grafts. METHODS:: Two-year outcome data were obtained from the Swedish Cornea Transplant Register for patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty between 2001 and 2008. Only data from the 3 centers with follow-up return rates >75% were included. The survival and visual outcome ...
Rodríguez-Baño Jesús - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of virulence factors (VF) and other microbiological determinants on the outcome of patients with invasive infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC). METHODS: A prospective multicentre cohort including 191 patients with bacteraemia due to ESBLEC from 13 hospitals in Spain was studied. Phylogroups and ...
Caruso Anna Maria - - 2013
PURPOSE: The incidence of GER, related symptoms and complications in patients treated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are poorly defined. The aim was to evaluate incidence and development of GER in children treated for CDH in a short- and long-term follow-up period, identifying potential risk factors of morbidity. METHODS: Thirty-six ...
Couchet G - - 2013
AIM: to evaluate the outcomes of EVAR performed with a new generation of bifurcated endografts and limbs. METHODS: prospectively collected data from fifty consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treated at our institution with a Low Profile Zenith(®) bifurcated body/Zenith(®) Spiral-Z legs combo were analysed. AngioCT scans and Ultrasound ...
Pathania Daizy - - 2013
Purpose: This study was aimed at reporting the outcomes of trabeculectomy in primary juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG). Design: This study was a retrospective noncomparative case series. Materials and Methods: We included 60 eyes of 41 JOAG patients who underwent primary trabeculectomy without mitomycin-C (MMC) between 1995 and 2007. The ...
Hartofilakidis George G Orthopaedic Department, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, KAT Hospital, 21 Fotiou Patriarchou Street, 11471, Athens, Greece. - - 2013
In a previous study, we described two subtypes of high dislocation of the hip depending on the presence (C1) or absence (C2) of a false acetabulum, yet we have already presented the concise followup of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in these patients as a group at a minimum of 15 ...
Radman Monique - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association between preoperative nutritional status and postoperative outcomes in children undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects (CHD). METHODS: Seventy-one patients with CHD were enrolled in a prospective, 2-center cohort study. We adjusted for baseline risk differences using a standardized risk ...
Manterola Carlos - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of omentoplasty (OP) and capitonnage (CA) in residual cavity management during the hepatic hydatidosis (HH) surgery in terms of the postoperative morbidity. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Patients with non-complicated HH treated with subtotal pericystectomy in the Department of Surgery of the Temuco Regional Hospital between ...
Negishi Kazuaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Assessment of left ventricular systolic function is necessary during trastuzumab-based chemotherapy because of potential cardiotoxicity. Deformation indices have been proposed as an adjunct to clinical risk factors and ejection fraction (EF), but the optimal parameter and optimal cutoffs are undefined. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Farahi Azadeh - - 2013
To assess the effects of adjuvant mitomycin C (MMC) on tear function tests after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, one eye of myopic patients undergoing PRK was randomly chosen for PRK and the other eye was treated with PRK plus the application of 0.02% ...
Yildiz Huseyin - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oral carbohydrate solution (CHO) on perioperative discomfort, biochemistry, hemodynamics, and patient satisfaction in elective surgery patients under general anesthesia. Sixty cases in ASA I-II group who were planned to have operation under general anesthesia were included in the ...
Hopker Luisa M - - 2013
To report the success rates in children after one-muscle recession for sensory strabismus. The medical records of consecutive patients ≤18 years of age who underwent primary unilateral horizontal surgery for sensory strabismus measuring ≤30(Δ) from 2004 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included age at surgery, sex, length of ...
Kim Moon-Chan - - 2013
: A retrospective case series. : The aim of this study was to determine the rate of cage subsidence after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) conducted using a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage, and to identify associated risk factors. : Although various rates of cage subsidence after lumbar interbody fusion ...
Hong Hyoung Ju - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, rebleeding rates, survival, and complications of endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) with those of endoscopic variceal obliteration (EVO) in patients with acute type 1 gastroesophageal variceal (GOV1) bleeding. Data were collected retrospectively at a single center. A total of 84 patients ...
Soares Rosangela P S - - 2013
To analyze the preoperative plasma antigenic concentration and activity of von Willebrand factor and its main cleaving protease ADAMTS-13 in pediatric patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing surgical treatment and investigate possible correlations with postoperative bleeding. Plasma antigenic concentrations (von Willebrand factor:Ag and ADAMTS-13:Ag) were measured using enzyme-linked immunoassays. ...
Kim Sung Eun - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on functional dyspepsia (FD), and the relationship between the changes of histological gastritis and FD symptom responses. A total of 213 FD patients diagnosed by Rome III criteria were consecutively enrolled. H. pylori tests and gastritis grade by the Sydney system ...
Umeda Masayuki - - 2013
Object Modified cervical laminoplasty techniques have been developed to reduce postoperative axial neck pain and preserve function in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, the previous studies demonstrating satisfactory surgical outcomes had a retrospective design. Here, the authors aimed to prospectively evaluate the 2-year outcomes of a modified cervical ...
Etminan Nima N Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University, Moorenstraße 5, 40225-Düsseldorf, - - 2013
To date, there is no immediate radiographic surrogate to quantify primary cerebral injury to identify patients at risk for delayed cerebral ischemia and poor clinical outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, we investigated the relation of early cerebral perfusion-computerized tomography and clot volume with radiological events of delayed cerebral ischemia ...
Xu Kai K Department of Urology, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2013
In recent years the orthotopic neobladder has gained increasing popularity in patients who undergo radical cystectomy. However, there are only a few reports of orthotopic neobladders reconstructed from the sigmoid without detubularization. We investigated the complications and functional outcomes of the orthotopic sigmoid neobladder reconstructed using our detaenial technique. We ...
Bharathan Rasiah R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Eastern Road, Brighton, Sussex BN2 5BE - - 2013
This study was designed to assess fragmentation of Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) specimens, its influence on short-term cytological outcome, and the risk factors for specimen fragmentation, as we well as trainee performance on clinical outcome. This retrospective study was performed at a cancer center. Women who ...
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