Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1938
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Ivanović Vladimir - - 2013
Postoperative sensitivity in restorative dentistry can be related to preparation trauma, dentin adhesives' ability to seal open dentinal tubules, deformation of restorations under occlusal stresses and microleakage. The study assessed possible reduction in postoperative sensitivity with low shrinkage compared to conventional composites using different bonding agents and the influence of ...
Agrawal S - - 2013
Introduction: Both limbal and para limbal conjunctival incisions are routinely used in strabismus surgery with comparable results however their outcome has not been compared while using adjustable sutures. Objective: To compare limbal (von Noorden) and para limbal (Santiago) conjunctival incisions for adjustable recessions of horizontal recti. Subjects and methods: Uniocular ...
Husain S - - 2013
Fifty seven leprosy patients having moderately collapsed nose were taken for nasal reconstruction. The bone graft was obtained from the second metatarsal of the foot. It was corticoperiosteal and placed in between lining and the nasal skin. 48 patients were reviewed periodically at 3 months, initially for 2 years and ...
Perlas Anahi A Department of Anesthesia & Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty is associated with moderate to severe pain, and effective analgesia is essential to facilitate postoperative recovery. This retrospective cohort study examined the analgesic and rehabilitation outcomes associated with 48-hour continuous femoral nerve block, local infiltration analgesia, or local infiltration analgesia plus adductor canal nerve block. Patients undergoing ...
Ikeda Tetsuhiko - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate factors predicting poor prognosis in patients with hypoglycemic encephalopathy. We retrospectively analyzed data on 165 consecutive patients with hypoglycemic encephalopathy. We evaluated their outcome 1 week after hypoglycemia onset using the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) and compared the clinical features of patients ...
Maeda Yasuko - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) for fecal incontinence at 5 years after implantation and to identify predictors of sustained efficacy. There is a lack of knowledge about the long-term outcome of SNS for fecal incontinence. Prospectively collected data from patients who underwent implantation ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, Japan. - - 2013
Our preliminary meta-analysis suggests that transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) may not reduce the 30-day mortality rate over surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). We performed an updated formal meta-analysis of TAVI vs AVR for reduction not only of early but also of ...
Bhalla Ajay A Division of Health and Social Care Research, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Few population-based studies describing functional outcome between ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the short- and long-term are available. Knowledge of the natural history and factors associated with poor outcome is important in providing prognostic information and resource allocation. Data were collected within the population-based South London Stroke Register ...
Auerbach Andrew D AD Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Ave, PO Box 0131, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
Single-site studies have described an association between use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and adverse outcomes of surgery. Multicenter studies including a broad range of surgical procedures that explore rare outcomes, such as bleeding and mortality, and that account for indications for administration of SSRIs are needed. To determine ...
Renner André - - 2013
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a well-established procedure for treating diabetic patients with multivessel disease, but extracorporeal circulation and cardioplegia-induced cardiac arrest introduce a severe burden to these patients. The present study investigated if off-pump CABG decreases 30-day mortality and mid-term mortality in diabetic patients in comparison with conventional ...
Wang Ting-Ming - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of surgical treatment in children of walking age with unilateral and bilateral developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We examined the records of fifty-six children of walking age with bilateral dysplasia and 156 children of walking age with unilateral dysplasia ...
Bayerl Simon - - 2013
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common disease leading to significant neurological disability. We compared patients suffering from a single- and a multi-level pathology to analyze the influence of the natural course of the disease on the long-term outcome after surgery. We analyzed the records of 52 patients with CSM ...
Nathan Meena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that technical performance score (TPS) is strongly associated with early mortality and major postoperative adverse events in a diverse group of patients. We now report evaluation of the validity of TPS in predicting late outcomes in the same group of patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent ...
Williams D P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite the excellent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) results reported using traditional outcome measures, dissatisfaction rates of up to 30% are reported following surgery. Although several preoperative factors have been identified as possible predictors of satisfaction, there is conflicting evidence. Identification of dissatisfaction in the early postoperative assessment may therefore ...
Mimic Branko - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the results following complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) in relation to age at surgery and to assess the role of palliation in the current era. METHODS: A retrospective review of 251 consecutive patients with TOF repaired between 2003 and 2011 at the ...
Attias David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) and basal longitudinal strain (BLS) assessed using two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging have been proposed as subtle markers of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with potential prognostic value in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between longitudinal strain ...
Rasmussen Stephanie B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone, when added to local anesthetics, has been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks; however, there are limited studies utilizing large numbers of patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of adding dexamethasone to ropivacaine on duration of nerve blocks of the ...
Ong Marcus Eng Hock ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2013
We aimed to develop a risk score incorporating heart rate variability (HRV) and traditional vital signs for the prediction of early mortality and complications in patients during the initial presentation to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients with a primary complaint ...
Cay Nurdan - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated a significant association between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and acute pulmonary embolism. To the authors' knowledge no study has been reported in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A total of 431 lower extremity venous duplex examinations were included in the study. Of these, ...
Sokmen Abdullah - - 2013
AIM: Hyperthyroidism is a well-known cause of atrial fibrillation (AF) which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) is a significant predictor of AF. The aim of this study was to assess the atrial EMD and diastolic functions in subclinical and overt hyperthyroidism by using tissue ...
Wren Tishya A L - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if gait analysis improves correction of excessive hip internal rotation in ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Children undergoing orthopedic surgery were randomized to receive or not receive a preoperative gait analysis report. This secondary analysis included all participants ...
Végvári Dóra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stiff gait resulting from rectus femoris dysfunction in cerebral palsy commonly is treated by distal rectus femoris transfer (DRFT), but varying outcomes have been reported. Proximal rectus femoris release was found to be less effective compared with DRFT. No study to our knowledge has investigated the effects of the ...
Keeling W Brent - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with low ejection fraction who underwent surgical coronary revascularization with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database was queried from January 1, 2008, to June 30, 2011 for patients with an ejection ...
Triantafyllis Andreas S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The role of inflammation in coronary artery ectasia (CAE) remains controversial. We evaluated the hypothesis that CAE might be associated with a specific pattern of T helper (Th) lymphocyte activation by measuring the Th-1 cytokine, interleukin-2 (IL-2) and the Th-2 cytokines, interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with ...
Shore Benjamin J - - 2013
: We studied the use of cortico-cancellous circular allograft combined with cannulated screw fixation for the correction of dorsolateral peritalar subluxation in a series of children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy undergoing single event multilevel surgery. : Forty-six children who underwent bilateral subtalar fusion between January 1999 and December 2004 ...
Mondelli Mauro - - 2013
The aim of the study was to identify specific factors that affect the outcome in patients with long thoracic mononeuropathy. The authors reviewed all medical records of patients with long thoracic mononeuropathy from the archive of the electromyography service over the past 16 years. Age, sex, occupation, pain at onset, ...
Ponte Silvia Ferraz Ayrosa - - 2013
To use anthropometric measurements to compare nutritional status in children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction secondary to meningomyelocele who underwent enterocystoplasty and those who did not undergo surgery. A case-control study was conducted in 20 children, divided into two groups: those who had enterocystoplasty (Group A) and those who did not ...
Maheux-Lacroix Sarah - - 2013
Background: In the last 30 years, several initiatives have aimed to reintroduce a certain freedom in positioning during labour. The objective of this study was to compare an alternative method of positioning at delivery (APOR B method) with the dorsal recumbent (supine) position. Methods: We undertook a comparative, retrospective study ...
Balaprasannakumar - - 2013
THE AIM OF THE STUDY IS TO COMPARE TWO DIFFERENT METHODS: Enameloplasty sealant technique (EST) and conventional sealant technique (CST) in terms of the presence or loss of sealant and the presence or absence of caries after 6, 12, and 18 months. A total of 15 children in the age ...
Zhang Jianwei - - 2013
To observe the analgesic effect of acupuncture at Hegu (LI 4) in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) transvaginal oocyte retrieval using ultrasonography and explore its mechanism. Ninety patients undergoing IVF-EF oocyte retrieval were randomly divided into three groups: an acupuncture group with needles inserted into bilateral Hegu (LI 4) points, a ...
Ogawa Shinji S Cardiovascular Surgery, Toyohashi Heart Center, Toyohashi, - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery is associated with increases in the risk of complications, length of intensive care unit stay, and cost of care. Beta blockers are effective for controlling myocardial ischemia and arrhythmia and suppressing inflammatory cytokines. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of administrating ...
Davis Reginald - - 2013
Object Posterolateral spinal fusion (PSF) has long been the standard of care for degenerative spondylolisthesis, but less invasive, motion-preserving alternatives have been proposed to reduce the complications associated with fusion while still providing neural decompression and stabilization. The object of the current study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy ...
Demir Uygar Levent - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impacts of obstructive adenotonsillar disease on periodontal health and to assess the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in the prevention of chronic periodontitis in children. METHODS: This prospective and controlled clinical study was conducted between August 2012 and February 2013 with 35 pediatric patients who had permanent anterior ...
Boersema J S C - - 2013
A group of 110 dairy farmers and 26 bovine veterinarians participated in a web-based questionnaire using the adaptive conjoint analysis technique to rank their perception regarding several hazards during 6 subsequent periods of the process of dairy young stock rearing. The method applied only involved selected respondents with a high ...
Fokas Emmanouil - - 2013
This retrospective study aimed to investigate long-term outcome in patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVM) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Between 1998 and 2008, 164 patients with AVM received SRS. Median age was 36 years (range 7-69 years). Before SRS, 39 % of the patients experienced haemorrhage and 27 % suffered from epileptic seizures, whereas ...
Carvalho Gabriela F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Migraine, especially migraine with aura (MA), appears to be a risk factor for ischemic lesions in the posterior fossa. The clinical relevance of the lesions is uncertain. Accordingly, herein, we identified individuals with MA, migraine without aura (MO), and without migraine (controls) in order to investigate their balance and ...
Jenewein N - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to prove an association between generalized skin edema and nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and its predictive value for aneuploidy and structural anomalies. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study fetuses with and without skin edema in the first trimester with an NT above ...
Schäfer Edgar - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare different single-cone obturation techniques in terms of the percentage of gutta-percha-filled areas (PGFA), sealer-filled areas (PSFA), and voids. Sixty extracted mandibular incisors with straight canals were allocated into 6 groups: (A) FlexMaster, (B) Mtwo, (C) ProTaper, (D) Reciproc, (E) WaveOne, and (F) ...
Karkouti Keyvan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Coagulopathy leading to excessive blood loss and large volume red cell transfusion is a frequent complication of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) that may be caused by low perioperative fibrinogen levels. We explored the relationship between post-CPB fibrinogen levels and large volume red cell transfusion.METHODS:Patients who underwent cardiac surgery ...
Geijsen G J P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The posterior condylar offset (PCO) and the tibiofemoral contact point (CP) have been reported as important factors that can influence range of motion and clinical outcome after total knee arthroplasty. A mobile-bearing knee implant with an anterior posterior gliding insert would in theory be more sensitive for changes in ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is defined as a too-small effective orifice area (EOA) of an inserted prosthetic relative to body size, resulting in an abnormally high postoperative gradient. It is unclear, however, whether residual stenosis after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has a negative impact on mid- and long-term survivals. We searched ...
Peterson Pamela N - - 2013
Randomized trials of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention predominantly used single-chamber devices. In clinical practice, patients often receive dual-chamber ICDs, even without clear indications for pacing. The outcomes of dual- vs single-chamber devices are uncertain. To compare outcomes of single- and dual-chamber ICDs for primary prevention of sudden cardiac ...
Kang Ho Jung - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a common late complication of traumatic cubitus valgus deformity. Whether both problems can be corrected together, safely and effectively, in a single surgical procedure remains unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore reviewed a patient cohort having this combined surgery and compared preoperatively and at a minimum ...
Cañadas Pilar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To compare keratocyte density after mechanical microkeratome LASIK (MK-LASIK) and femtosecond-laser assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of myopic patients that underwent MK-LASIK or FS-LASIK. We measured keratocyte density 3 and 15 months, and 3-5 years after the surgery using confocal microscopy, and compared them with healthy, non-operated ...
Danzer E - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to longitudinally evaluate the neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors during the first 3 years of life.Study Design:The study cohort consists of 47 CDH survivors that were enrolled in our prospective, follow-up program between July 2004 and September 2010, and underwent ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Children with various single ventricle anomalies are at risk of developing systemic ventricular outflow tract obstruction (SVOTO) following volume unloading with cavopulmonary connection (CPC). We aim to evaluate the value of Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS) anastomosis at the time of CPC in eliminating late SVOTO risk. METHODS: Retrospective review of single ...
Sasser William C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate impact of prophylactic peritoneal dialysis (PD) on clinical outcomes and inflammatory cytokines in children following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Prospective before-and-after nonrandomized cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit in tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-two consecutive neonates and infants at high risk for postoperative fluid ...
Borges Flávia Kessler - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preoperative NT-proBNP has been shown to predict adverse cardiac outcomes, although recent studies suggested that postoperative NT-proBNP determination could provide additional information in patients submitted to noncardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of perioperative NT-proBNP in intermediate and high risk cardiovascular patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This ...
Filloux B - - 2013
Background: Devices that limit microaspiration through the cuffs of endotracheal tubes could help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The amount of tracheal microaspirations could be a relevant study endpoint. The aim of our study was to assess whether amylase measured in tracheal secretions constituted a relevant marker for microaspiration. Methods: Twenty-six ...
Hemmann Katrin - - 2013
OBJECTIVESTranscatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was developed as a promising new therapy for inoperable and surgical high-risk patients as an alternative to traditional aortic valve replacement. After a successful procedure, prognosis may mainly be determined by comorbidities. However, no appropriate risk score to predict long-term outcome following TAVI is currently ...
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