Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1939
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Onorati Francesco - - 2013
Octogenarians undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (S-AVR) after prior cardiac surgery are expected to be at high risk of adverse events: this has recently popularized transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in this cohort. This multicenter study includes 744 patients (99 aged 80 years or older) who underwent S-AVR after prior ...
Hubert Katherine C KC Department of Urology and Clinical Research Center (LH), Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, - - 2014
Although unilateral ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux is highly successful, new contralateral reflux will develop postoperatively in some patients. We examined predictors and clinical outcomes of postoperative contralateral vesicoureteral reflux. We reviewed patients who underwent nontapered unilateral reimplantation for primary vesicoureteral reflux graded on a 3-point scale at our institution ...
Alvarez Vincent - - 2013
Electroencephalography (EEG) has a central role in the outcome prognostication in subjects with anoxic/hypoxic encephalopathy following a cardiac arrest (CA). Continuous EEG monitoring (cEEG) has been consistently developed and studied; however, its yield as compared to repeated standard EEG (sEEG) is unknown. We studied a prospective cohort of comatose adults ...
Bodlet Aline - - 2013
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most frequent interstitial lung disease. Emphysema can be associated with IPF as described in the «Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema» syndrome. The primary endpoint of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the impact of the association of IPF and emphysema on ...
Arámbulo de Borin O - - 2013
Evaluate the predictability of the postoperative refraction and refractive changes in pediatric pseudophakia. Prospective, longitudinal follow-up on patients under the age of 15 years operated on for a cataract with intraocular lens, with 5 continuous years of follow-up. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to age at the ...
Chai Ying - - 2013
Microvascular decompression (MVD) has been the available method to cure trigeminal neuralgia (TN), and several factors have been discussed as significant predictors of excellent outcome after MVD. This study aimed to find out the value of magnetic resonance tomographic angiography (MRTA) in predicting the outcome of MVD for TNs. A ...
Derby Richard - - 2013
No studies have directly measured the false negative rate of medial branch block (MBB) with correlation to medial branch neurotomy (MBN) outcome. We investigated the potential false negative MBB rate and the subsequent MBN outcome on a consecutive audit of all patients undergoing a double MBB protocol. We prospectively collected ...
Han Seung-Hwan - - 2013
Intermittent claudication is a typical symptom of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAD). Because both LSS and PAD are predominantly associated with degenerative conditions, concomitant conditions are not uncommon. However, few reports of the demographic, clinical, and radiological characteristics of concomitant LSS and PAD (LSSPAD) have ...
Ramos-Leví Ana M - - 2013
Background: C-peptide (Cp) serves as a surrogate of pancreatic beta-cell reserve. This study evaluates the clinical significance of basal Cp as a predictor of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remission after bariatric surgery (BS). Research design and methods: Retrospective study of 22 patients with BMI > 35 kg/m2 and T2D who ...
Shah Shalin S Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Bopal-Ghuma Road, Manipur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2013
Background: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is already proven as an antibacterial agent in vitro. Present study was formulated to compare the efficacy of SDF as an antibacterial as well as antiplaque agent in vivo with fluoride varnish and acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel. Study Design: Total 123 children (male = ...
Ono Takeshi - - 2013
To investigate the long-term effects of postoperative flat anterior chamber (FAC) development on outcomes following trabeculectomy with mitomycin C. This was a retrospective cohort study. Data on 383 consecutive patients (383 eyes) who underwent trabeculectomy at our institution between 1999 and 2009 were followed up. Patients who developed FAC after ...
Matsuo Tomohiko - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the tibiofemoral relationship sequentially before and after anatomic triple-bundle (TB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in the same patients. Nine patients with complete unilateral ACL rupture participated in this study. Anatomic TB ACL reconstruction was performed using autogenous semitendinosus tendon grafts. Computed ...
Kraivaphan P - - 2013
A 2-year double-blind randomized three-treatment controlled parallel-group clinical study compared the anti-caries efficacy of two dentifrices containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound (di-calcium phosphate or calcium carbonate) and 1,450 ppm fluoride (F), as sodium monofluorophosphate, to a control dentifrice containing 1,450 ppm F, as sodium fluoride, in a silica ...
Aite L - - 2013
Data on the neurodevelopmental outcome of esophageal atresia (EA) survivors are scarce, controversial, and based on small samples. This is an observational prospective longitudinal study on a selected cohort of low-risk EA survivors. We considered a low-risk EA survivor a patient with the following characteristics: gestational age >32 weeks, no ...
El-Hakim Assaad - - 2013
To study whether the ability to completely stop urinary flow during voiding at time of catheter removal, measured objectively using uroflowmetry, can predict early recovery of urine continence following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). In this pilot study, 108 patients with a minimum of 2 years follow-up, operated by a single ...
Yamada Yoshihisa - - 2013
Abstract Purpose/Aims: To evaluate the prognostic factors for the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central subfield macular thickness (CSMT) after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for diabetic macular edema. Materials and Methods: A total of 44 eyes of 35 patients who had undergone vitrectomy with ILM peeling ...
Clement Nicholas D - - 2013
The Reflection® second-generation uncemented acetabular component was designed to address increased rates of failure observed with the early acetabular designs. However, the reported survivorship of this acetabular component has been conflicting. The aim of this study was to describe the ten to 15-year survivorship and polyethylene wear rate for the ...
Di Xiao - - 2013
The development of endovascular technology has led to the introduction of fenestrated endovascular repair (f-EVAR) to treat pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (PRAAAs) that have been deemed unsuitable for standard endovascular repair. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of data from the literature to determine the outcomes of the fenestrated ...
Fujimaki Hiroshi - - 2013
Leg length discrepancy (LLD) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a leading cause of patient dissatisfaction. However, no reports have described the influence of lower limb alignment on LLD after THA. In the present study, we firstly investigated the change in lower limb alignment after THA. Secondly, we determined the ...
Anzueto Antonio - - 2013
Exacerbations are a defining outcome of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated the effect of tiotropium on COPD exacerbations and related hospitalizations among patients from the USA enrolled in clinical trials. Data were pooled from six randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (6 to ≥12 months' duration) of tiotropium in patients ...
Combe Bernard - - 2013
To report the 5-year outcome of a large prospective cohort of patients with very early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to identify factors predictive of outcome. Patients were recruited if they had early arthritis of < 6 months' duration, had a high probability of developing RA, and had never been prescribed ...
Prefasi Daniel - - 2013
The effect of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) according to etiology and stroke severity in young patients with ischemic stroke (IS) has not been described previously. To analyze the effect of IVT in young patients with IS according to etiological subtype and stroke severity. Observational study with inclusion of IS patients under ...
Madureira Fernando Athayde Veloso - - 2013
Introduction. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) uses a multiple-entry portal in a single 3.0- to 4.0-cm incision in a natural scar, the umbilicus. The present study aimed to compare the inflammatory impact of classic video laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) versus LESS cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted from January ...
Tiribelli Mario - - 2013
To test the recently developed EUTOS score in predicting optimal response to imatinib and the long-term outcome, 265 patients with early chronic phase chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with standard dose imatinib were analysed. Achievement of optimal response endpoints were higher in low-risk patients, though the difference was not statistically significant: ...
Fujimoto Satoko - - 2013
To investigate the appearance of postoperative spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and the relationship of the findings to visual acuity in myopic foveoschisis. Retrospective observational case series. We studied 17 eyes (17 women; mean age, 66.4 years) with myopic foveoschisis. SD-OCT was performed preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ...
Prabhu Vinay - - 2013
Urinary incontinence is a common short-term complication of radical prostatectomy (RP). Little is known about the long-term impact of RP on continence. To elucidate the long-term progression of continence after RP. From October 2000 through September 2012, 1788 men undergoing open RP for clinically localized prostate cancer by a single ...
Mariscalco Michael W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:An autograft has traditionally been the gold standard for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), but the use of allograft tissue has increased in recent years. While numerous studies have demonstrated that irradiated allografts are associated with increased failure rates, some report excellent results after ACLR with nonirradiated allografts. The purpose ...
Hasegawa Yumi - - 2013
Purpose: To determine the incidence of and risk factors for intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in the immediate postoperative period after vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal disorders. Methods: A prospective study was performed in 228 consecutive patients with various vitreoretinal disorders. The IOP was measured before surgery, at the end of surgery, ...
Amin Anish K - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the functional outcome in patients with a trochanteric non-union following revision total hip replacement. Twenty-five consecutive patients with a unilateral, trochanteric non-union were individually matched for age, sex, body mass index and duration of follow-up to two control groups: 1) 25 patients ...
Kim Young-Hoo - - 2013
Very few studies have compared alumina-on-alumina ceramic and alumina-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene bearings in the same patient. The purpose of this prospective randomised study was to compare the clinical and radiographic results and the prevalence of osteolysis in cementless total hip arthroplasty using an alumina-on-alumina and alumina-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene bearings in ...
Pandis Nikolaos - - 2013
The objective of this trial was to compare the survival rates of mandibular lingual retainers bonded with either chemically cured or light-cured adhesive after orthodontic treatment. Patients having undergone orthodontic treatment at a private orthodontic office were randomly allocated to fixed retainers placed with chemically cured composite or light-cured composite. ...
El-Husseini Timour F - - 2013
The aim of this study is to compare lengthening over an intramedullary nail to the conventional Ilizarov method with regard to percentage length increase, external fixation index, consolidation index and incidence of complications. This is a prospective randomized controlled study. Thirty-one limbs in 28 patients were included in the study; ...
Yin W - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of a new dentifrice containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound and 1450ppm fluoride to arrest and reverse naturally occurring buccal caries lesions in children relative to a positive control dentifrice containing 1450ppm fluoride alone. Participants from Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China tested three dentifrices: a new ...
Skeik Nedaa - - 2013
Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent ...
Riccioni Maria Elena ME Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, - - 2013
To assess the rate of recurrent bleeding of the small bowel in patients with obscure bleeding already undergone capsule endoscopy (CE) with negative results. We reviewed the medical records related to 696 consecutive CE performed from December 2002 to January 2011, focusing our attention on patients with recurrence of obscure ...
Ji Gyu Yeul - - 2013
A retrospective study. To analyze adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in two-level anterior cervical discectomy, comparing fusion with stand-alone cages (ACDF-CA) to that with cage and plate constructs (ACDF-CPC) in regards to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. ACDF using a stand-alone cage or a cage and plate construct is a popular ...
Skeppholm Martin - - 2013
Study Design. Prospective randomized controlled trial.Objective. To determine and explain any differences in self-reported dysphagia between patients treated with artificial disc replacement (ADR) and anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF).Summary of Background Data. Dysphagia following anterior cervical spine surgery has in previous studies been evaluated regarding different influencing factors. Surgical ...
Kuramatsu Joji B - - 2013
To date only two studies have evaluated anemia status in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) reporting that on admission anemia (OAA) was associated with larger hematoma volume, and lower hemoglobin levels during hospital stay, which related to poorer outcome. The question remains whether anemia influences outcome through related volume-effects or itself ...
Hasegawa Masahiro - - 2013
The relationships among the hemostatic markers, the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and the withdrawal of fondaparinux due to a reduction in the hemoglobin levels were examined. Two-hundred twenty-one Japanese patients who underwent major orthopedic surgery and were treated with 1.5mg of fondaparinux instead of 2.5mg of fondaparinux were ...
Xia Lei - - 2013
Object The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical results and surgical outcomes of cystic vestibular schwannomas (VSs) with fluid-fluid levels. Methods Forty-five patients with cystic VSs and 86 with solid VSs were enrolled in the study. The patients in the cystic VSs were further divided into those ...
Durand Matthieu - - 2013
To assess oncological (biochemical and histological recurrence) and functional (urinary and potency) outcomes in patients with unilateral low-risk organ-confined PCa treated with focal cryoablation. From January 2009 to March 2012, patients with localized prostate cancer who refused active surveillance were assigned to a focal cryoablation protocol. This was a prospective, ...
Fineberg Steven J - - 2013
Study Design: Retrospective database analysisObjective: To determine the national incidence, mortality, and risk factors for dysphagia associated with anterior cervical spinal fusion surgery in the United States.Summary of Background Data: Dysphagia is a known complication associated with anterior cervical fusions (ACF). A population-based database was analyzed to characterize the incidence ...
Ding Dale - - 2013
Eloquent intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in the primary motor or somatosensory cortex (PMSC) carry a high risk of microsurgical morbidity. To evaluate the outcomes of radiosurgery on PMSC AVMs and compare them to radiosurgery outcomes in a matched cohort of non-eloquent, lobar AVMs. Between 1989 and 2009, 134 patients ...
Lan Xia - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical effect of the novel method combined longitudinal S-osteotomy and Lengthen And Then Nail (LATN) technique for leg lengthening and compare with the classic Ilizarov method. This retrospective study was performed from March 2008 to April 2012. A total of 176 ...
Walcott Brian P - - 2013
Severe middle cerebral artery stroke (MCA) is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the hypothesis that patient-specific variables may be associated with outcomes. We also sought to describe under-recognized patient-centered outcomes. A consecutive, multi-institution, retrospective cohort of adult patients (≤70 years) was established from 2009 to ...
Lee Eun Ji - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate the long-term changes in the lamina cribrosa (LC) depth following trabeculectomy. Methods: Serial horizontal B-scan images of the optic nerve head were obtained using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography from 28 primary open-angle glaucoma patients who underwent trabeculectomy and were followed up for at least 2 years. Approximately ...
Figueroa D - - 2013
To identify those clinical characteristic and arthroscopic findings in patients with knee arthrosis that are associated with worsening of the disease and subsequent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted on 78 consecutive patients (88 knees) who underwent knee arthroscopy for arthrosis. The study included 44 women ...
Kanbay Asiye - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular events and hypertension. Mean platelet volume (MPV), an indicator of platelet activation and aggregation, is closely related with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We aimed to show the relationship between OSAS and MPV with CVD. The medical ...
Emekli-Alturfan Ebru - - 2013
Salivary glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), protein, sialic acid (SA) levels, cytological parameters, and tissue factor activities (TFa) were investigated when fresh and after 3, 7, 11, 15, 21, and 30 days (d) of storage at -20°C both in the control and the periodontitis group. Moreover, the control and the periodontits ...
Nishio Sakiko - - 2013
In cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), p16(INK4a) immunohistochemistry has been reported to be a useful diagnostic biomarker. However, limited information is available about the association between the p16(INK4a) immunohistochemistry and the outcomes of CIN. Here, we report p16(INK4a) immunohistochemistry as an effective biomarker to predict the outcomes of CIN. p16(INK4a) immunohistochemistry ...
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