Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1939
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Pizon Marek - - 2013
Epicardial ablation concomitant to cardiac surgery is an easy and safe approach to treat atrial fibrillation (AF), but its efficacy in longstanding persistent (LsPe) AF remains intermediate. Although larger left atrial size has been associated with worse outcome after ablation, biochemical predictors of success are not well established. The aim ...
Abou-Gamrah Amgad - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound measurement of bladder wall thickness (BWT) in diagnosis of over active bladder (OAB). The current prospective study was conducted at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital over 2 years. Patients presented to the urogynecology outpatient clinic with ...
Scheffert Jenna L - - 2013
Graft thrombosis following pancreas transplantation is the leading non-immunologic cause of graft loss. Routine systemic anticoagulation is controversial because of an increased bleeding risk. This was a retrospective, single-center analysis including all pancreas transplants performed over 9 years evaluating the use of low-dose heparin in the early postoperative period. Clinical ...
Simm A - - 2013
Glycated proteins (advanced glycation endproducts, AGE) in tissue are associated with degenerative diseases. This study evaluated the role of sRAGE (soluble receptor for advanced glycation endproducts), a decoy receptor of AGEs in blood, for the outcome of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A total of 90 patients undergoing ...
Mai Kien T - - 2013
Cystoscopic urine obtained before the resection of low-grade urothelial carcinoma (LGUC), with adequate cytological sampling of the tumor, frequently revealed the presence of three-dimensional cell groups with disordered nuclei and cellular discohesion (3DDD). 936 cystoscopic urine specimens were categorized into five groups: Group 1 (80 specimens) with biopsy-proven LGUC within ...
Ding Wenbin - - 2013
This is a meta-analysis to compare the clinical results between unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw (PS) fixation in lumbar interbody fusion. We included published studies with no language and year restrictions. The criteria which Koes et al. designed in 1995 were used to evaluate the risk of bias of the ...
Smith Eric L - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare barbed sutures to traditional sutures in three domains: time, cost, and wound related outcomes in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). A total of 34 patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial to assess time to wound ...
Schewel Dimitry - - 2013
Background: There is accumulating evidence that up to 20 % of the implanted devices after TAVI are associated with a significant degree of paravalvular leaks, which appear to be associated with a negative clinical outcome. Methods: A total of 355 patients with severe aortic valvular stenosis (AVS) were treated by ...
Bolognesi Michael P - - 2013
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is a less-invasive alternative to total knee arthroplasty for patients with arthritis affecting only the medial or lateral compartment. However, little is known about recent trends in the use of these procedures and the associated outcomes among older patients. With use of a nationally representative 5% sample ...
Niinimäki Tuukka - - 2013
Balancing the relative advantages and disadvantages of unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) against those for TKAs can be challenging. Survivorship is one important end point; arthroplasty registers repeatedly report inferior midterm survival rates, but longer-term data are sparse. Comparing survival directly by using arthroplasty register survival reports also may be inadequate ...
Nandyala Sreeharsha V - - 2013
Study Design. Prospective, randomized, controlled trialObjective. To compare arthrodesis rates between patients undergoing a primary single-level MIS TLIF with either Actifuse or bone morphogenetic-2 (rhBMP-2).Summary of Background Data. Pre-clinical animal studies suggest that silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (Actifuse®) bone graft substitute offers equivalent or an increased fusion rate over other graft ...
Burns Patricia B - - 2013
To identify predictors of surgical outcome for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). Prospective cohort followed for 1 year. Clinics at five study sites. Patients diagnosed with UNE (N=55). All subjects had simple decompression surgery. The primary outcome measure was patient-reported outcomes such as overall hand function through the Michigan ...
Hsi Ryan S - - 2013
To compare perioperative outcomes after robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN) with hilar clamping vs parenchymal clamping. A retrospective, single-institution review of the patients undergoing RALPN with hilar or parenchymal clamping was performed. Associations between perioperative factors and clinicopathologic outcomes were determined using the t test, Fisher's exact test, and multivariate ...
Khan Salma - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that the use of a harmonic scalpel increases operative time but results in less estimated blood loss, postoperative pain, drainage volume, and duration of surgery, as well as fewer complications, such as flap necrosis, seroma, and surgical site infection (SSI), than electrocautery. This parallel-group, single-institution blinded ...
Vix Michel - - 2013
To assess postoperative outcomes of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Short-term results on vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) metabolism are reported. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to RYGB (n = 45) or SG (n = 55). Vitamin D, PTH, and calcium were assessed at inclusion and after 1, 3, 6, ...
Mahmut Ablajan A Laboratoire d'Études Moléculaires des Valvulopathies (LEMV), Groupe de Recherche en Valvulopathies (GRV), Department of Surgery, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute/Research Center, Laval University, Quebec, QC, - - 2013
In this study, we sought to determine the metabolic markers associated with structural valve degeneration (SVD). Structural valve degeneration (SVD) is the major cause of bioprosthetic valve failure leading to bioprostheses (BPs) stenosis or regurgitation. We hypothesized that lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is involved in the SVD of BPs. We ...
Gupta Parmanand - - 2013
This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the results of soft tissue distraction using Ilizarov in relapsed clubfeet following a previous posteromedial soft tissue release. This study, as compared with previous studies, has a cohort of patients with relapsed clubfeet only following posteromedial soft tissue release. Fifteen patients (16 feet) were ...
Koseoglu Handan Inonu HI Handan Inonu Koseoglu, Department of Pulmonary Medicine,, Gaziosmanpas University,, Tokat 60100, Turkey, T: +90 356 212 95 00, F: +90 356 213 31 79, - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is a new marker for predicting CVD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of serum GGT levels with cardiovascular event, severity of OSAS, and polysomnographic parameters in patients with OSAS. ...
Amer Medhat M Department of Andrology and STDs, Kasr Al-Ainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. ; IVF Unit, Adam International Hospital, Giza, - - 2013
Background: No extensive studies were done that included the use of pentoxifylline or verify its effect on the outcome of ICSI in cases of mild and moderate asthenozoospermia. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pentoxifylline used in preparation of semen samples which doesn't need ...
Unal Metin - - 2013
To compare two 23-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy incision techniques, parallel and perpendicular to the alignment of scleral fibers, in terms of hypotony and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP). Fifty-three eyes of 53 patients who underwent 23-gauge one-step trocar pars plana vitrectomy were randomly assigned to undergo scleral incision parallel (group 1, 26 ...
Boulay G - - 2013
The objectives of the current study were (1) to determine the gain in prognostic accuracy of preoperative l-lactate concentration (LAC) measured on farm on cows with right displaced abomasum (RDA) or abomasal volvulus (AV) for predicting negative outcome; and (2) to suggest clinically relevant thresholds for such use. A cohort ...
Al-Jaishi Ahmed A - - 2013
Advantages of the arteriovenous fistula (AVF), including long patency and few complications, were ascertained more than 2 decades ago and may not apply to the contemporary dialysis population. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Estimates were pooled using a random-effects model and sources of heterogeneity were explored using metaregression. Patients treated with ...
Teo K C - - 2013
Warfarin-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (WICH) is a serious neurological condition associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We aimed to study the clinical features and factors that predict clinical outcome of Chinese patients with WICH.METHODS: Medical records of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) admitted to our hospital between July 2001 and ...
Ranucci Marco - - 2013
Some observations in humans and other mammalians suggest that serum creatinine (SC) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) may change during the warm season. The objective of this study is to determine if temperature-dependent seasonal changes in levels of SC and eGFR are detectable in cardiac surgery patients, with associated ...
Pavoni C - - 2013
In this study we assessed the influence of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on the intraosseous vertical position and inclination of the impacted incisors diagnosed at an early developmental stage on panoramic radiographs and subsequently treated by surgical removal of the obstacle. Following surgical removal of the obstacles to incisor eruption ...
Altinkaynak Hasan - - 2013
To evaluate the risk factors in the development of pterygium in the Marmara region of Turkey as well as the efficacy of vertical interpalpebral distance, protrusion level and tear function in the development of pterygium. The cases were grouped in two as the research group consisted of patients with pterygium ...
Chapman Naomi N School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western - - 2013
Engaging in low levels of physical activity (PA) and accumulating prolonged periods of sedentary behaviour (SB) during daily life have been associated with deleterious health outcomes. The objective of this study was to undertake an analysis of the way in which PA and SB were accumulated after bariatric surgery. Adults ...
Williamson Tom H - - 2013
Our aim was to analyze outcomes of idiopathic macular hole surgeries in relation to staging and the use of indocyanine green (ICG) or brilliant blue (BB) for internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel. Baseline, surgical, and outcome data for 351 consecutive primary macular hole surgeries was prospectively collected using electronic medical ...
LodziƄski Piotr - - 2013
1) To assess antiarrhythmic prophylaxis efficacy during the first two months after radio frequency ablation (ARF) due to AF. 2) To define risk factors for early AF recurrence (EAFR) after ARF. 3) To determine the long-term follow-up results and risk factors for late AF recurrence (LAFR). A total of 210 ...
Baghdadi Yaser M K - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective matched-cohort analysis.Objective. To evaluate the change in radiographic parameters in patients undergoing interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation compared to posterior spine fusion alone (PSF) for degenerative scoliosis.Summary of Background Data. Little is known about the effect of lateral interbody fusion (LIF) on sagittal plane correction in the ...
Zhang Xiaohua - - 2013
The objective of this study is to update the two previous meta-analyses in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for patients in the prone position versus supine position. An electronic database search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, google scholar, and the Cochrane library was performed up to ...
Carter Dan - - 2013
Prolonged gastric transit interval of small bowel video capsule endoscopy (SBCE) can potentially indicate a motility disorder and disrupt whole small bowel visualization. The aim of this study was to prospectively examine the association of prolonged gastric passage interval with symptoms, anthropometric and laboratory factors, and factors related to the ...
Yan Lei - - 2013
Aims: To study the effect of adenomyosis on in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) outcomes in infertile patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective, database-searched cohort study based on 10,268 patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and IVF/ICSI between 2009 and 2011 in our unit. Adenomyosis was diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound. A ...
Talghini Shahla S Department of Pathology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital, Tabriz, - - 2013
Although, of no vital value, hair plays a significant role in expressing any person's psychosocial status. Many cosmetic and styling methods are available for hair. This study aimed to examine the microscopic changes in women with hair coloring, hair waving, or hair ironing in comparison with normal controls. In a ...
Kaygusuz Ahmet A Department of Otorhinolaryngology Kayseri, Kayseri Develi State Hospital, Kayseri, - - 2014
The anatomy of the sinonasal area has a very wide rage of anatomical variations. The significance of these anatomical variations in pathogenesis of rhinosinusitis, which is the commonest disease in the region, is still unclear. The aims of the study were to compare the rate of sinonasal anatomical variations with ...
Nakano Yosuke - - 2013
Long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes after sirolimus (SES: Cypher Bx Velocity) and paclitaxel (PES: TAXUS Express)-eluting stent implantation were firstly compared in Japan. During PES-available period from May 2007 to February 2009, 1068 nonrandomized consecutive de novo native coronary lesions treated either with a PES (682 lesions) or SES were ...
Scherner Maximilian - - 2013
Cardiac reoperations have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared with first-time surgery. We analyzed our experience with reoperative aortic valve replacement (redo-AVR) and compared these results with those from patients who had undergone transapical aortic valve implantation (TA-AVI) as a second heart operation. In the present retrospective observational ...
Madan Kushal K Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Altered cardiac autonomic control may play a role in the long-term outcome of patients undergoing univentricular heart repair. This study was undertaken to compare bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis with preserved antegrade pulmonary blood flow and total cavopulmonary connection, with regard to their effects on cardiac autonomic activity, as measured by ...
Akiyama Mio - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate residual acetabular retroversion after skeletal maturity in patients with Pemberton osteotomy. We compared 40 hips in 36 patients treated with a Pemberton osteotomy (Pemberton group) and 30 hips in 26 patients treated only with a Pavlik harness (Rb group) for developmental dysplasia ...
Shariff Nasir - - 2013
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation substantially increases after 70 years of age. However, the effect of rate-control versus rhythm-control strategies on outcomes in these patients remains unclear. In the randomized Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) trial, 4060 patients (mean age 70 years, range 49-80 years) with paroxysmal ...
Peng Ed - - 2013
It is unclear whether novice trainees can be taught safely to perform adult cardiac surgery without any impact on early or late outcomes. All patients (n = 1305) data were obtained from an externally validated, mandatory institutional database (2003-2010). 'Novice' is defined as a trainee who required substantial assistance or supervision to ...
Lützner Jörg - - 2013
Improvement in knee flexion is a major expectation for many patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One hundred and twenty two patients were randomized to receive a cruciate-retaining standard or high-flexion TKA. Range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes were assessed. The high flexion implants had a greater intraoperative ROM ...
Wragg R C - - 2013
Venous occlusion following permanent central venous catheter (CVC) insertion by open cutdown or the landmark percutaneous technique has been reported between up to 25 %. However, there are no published data on the equivalent rate following ultrasound-guided percutaneous CVC insertion. The purpose of this study was to document the rate of venous ...
Oh Tae Suk - - 2013
Background: Intraoperative calvarial contraction of conventional calvarial remodeling is more difficult in scaphocephaly patients who are 1 year or older in age. In our current study, gradual cranial compression with a distractor was used to correct scaphocephaly in this older age group and the surgical results were quantitatively analyzed. Methods: ...
Xie Ouli - - 2013
We sought to evaluate the surgical outcomes of the repair of complete atrioventricular septal defects (cAVSDs) in our institution in the current era. From 2000 to 2011, 138 patients underwent definitive repair of cAVSD. Repair was performed using a two-patch technique in 92.0% of patients and one-patch technique in 2.2%, ...
Wakabayashi Yoshihiro - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate whether axial length predicts visual acuity outcome after vitrectomy for diffuse macular edema secondary to diabetic retinopathy. Methods:Fifty one eyes of 41 patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) who underwent vitrectomy were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data including axial length measured by partial coherence interferometry, postoperative best-corrected visual ...
Björnsson Haukur - - 2013
To describe current evidence on single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, in terms of differences in knee kinematics, functional outcomes, patient-reported outcomes and graft failures. An electronic search was made using PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and Cochrane Library. Studies published from January 1995 to August 2011 were included, and ...
Jiang Chun - - 2013
To describe the surgical technique and to report the midterm outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site radical prostatectomy (LESS-RP) with a homemade single-port device. Between August 2009 and October 2011, 20 LESS-RP procedures were performed in a single center by a high-volume surgeon. The surgical methods are outlined in the paper. Preoperative, ...
Eisenberg Manuel S - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term natural history of renal function (RF) after radical cystectomy (RC) with urinary diversion (UD), and to determine factors associated with RF decline. We reviewed 1631 patients who underwent RC between 1980-2006. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated preoperatively and at various intervals after surgery. RF ...
Constantin Schizas - - 2013
Study Design. Prospective neurophysiological study.Objective. To identify and quantify the neurophysiological effects of interspinous distraction during spine surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).Summary of Background Data. Interspinous devices (ISDs) have been introduced as an alternative treatment of LSS in selected patients aiming at obtaining indirect decompression. Nevertheless there is no ...
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