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Results 151 - 200 of 1949
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Prazenica Pavol P Department of Otolaryngology, 3rd Medical Faculty of the Charles University, Military University Hospital, Prague, Czech - - 2014
To identify incidence, preoperative features, surgical factors, and postoperative events of incidental parathyroidectomy (IP) during thyroidectomy. A total of 1068 consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy performed by a single surgeon between January 2003 and April 2012 were enrolled in retrospective study with prospectively collected data. University hospital. To assess the ...
Mahant Sanjay S Division of Pediatric Medicine, Pediatric Outcomes Research Team (PORT), Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Policy, Evaluation and Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
To determine whether dexamethasone use in children undergoing tonsillectomy is associated with increased risk of postoperative bleeding. Retrospective cohort study using a multihospital administrative database. Thirty-six US children's hospitals. Children undergoing same-day tonsillectomy between the years 2004 and 2010. We used discrete time failure models to estimate the daily hazards ...
Lilja Ylva Y Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gröna Stråket 5, 41345 Gothenburg, Sweden; Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg, Per Dubbsgatan 14, 41345 Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diffusion tensor tractography of the anterior extent of the optic radiation - Meyer's loop - prior to temporal lobe resection (TLR) may reduce the risk for postoperative visual field defect. Currently there is no standardized way to perform tractography. To visualize Meyer's loop using deterministic (DTG) and probabilistic tractography (PTG) ...
Kingsbury Daniel J DJ Randall Children's Hospital at Legacy Emanuel, 501 N Graham, Suite 355, Portland, OR, 97227, USA, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the safety of adalimumab in patients aged 2 to <4 years old or ≥4 years old weighing <15 kg with moderately to severely active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Clinical effectiveness and pharmacokinetics (PK) of adalimumab were also evaluated. This was an international, multicenter, open-label, ...
Subramaniam Balachundhar B From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; †Clinical Research Center, Soroka University Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; and Departments of ‡Anesthesiology and §Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. Victor Novack, MD, PhD, is currently with Faculty of Health Science, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
In the setting of protocolized glycemic control, the relationship between postoperative glycemic variability on major adverse events (MAEs) after cardiac surgery is unknown for patients with increased preoperative hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C >6.5%). In this study, we sought to establish (a) whether postoperative glycemic variability is associated with MAEs after CABG ...
Sherali Afroze Ramzan AR Department of Paediatric Nephrology, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), - - 2014
Objective: To determine whether Zinc supplementation could reduce relapse rate in children with nephrotic syndrome. Study Design: Randomized-controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: National Institute of Child-Health and The Kidney Centre, Karachi, from January 2008 to June 2009. Methodology: Sixty nephrotic children aged 2 - 15 years were selected. ...
Iida O - - 2014
To investigate factors associated with 30-day perioperative complications (POC) after aorto-iliac (AI) stenting, and to compare follow-up cardiovascular prognosis between patients with and without POC. This was a retrospective multicenter study. We used a multicenter database of 2012 consecutive patients who successfully underwent AI stenting for peripheral arterial disease in ...
Samransamruajkit Rujipat R Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonary and Critical Care, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, - - 2014
The surviving sepsis campaign treatment guideline (SSC) implementation is associated with improved outcome in adults with severe sepsis. The effect on outcome of pediatric sepsis is less clear. To determine the clinical outcomes of SSC implementation and to investigate the prognostic value of initial plasma NT-proBNP and procalcitonin in children. ...
Biancari F F Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The efficacy of angiosome-targeted revascularization to achieve healing of ischemic tissue lesions of the foot and limb salvage is controversial. This issue has been investigated in this meta-analysis. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of data on angiosome-targeted lower limb revascularization for ischemic tissue lesions of the foot ...
Albisinni Simone S Department of Urology, Jules Bordet Institute, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard de Waterloo 121, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
To evaluate peri- and postoperative morbidity, and long-term oncologic and functional results of our laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) technique, comparing it with our standard open approach. Between 2000 and 2010, 54 patients underwent LRC for urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder in two academic hospitals. The procedures were performed by ...
Bouguermouh D D Pediatric Surgery Department, Pr Nefissa Hamoud University Hospital Center, Algiers, Algeria; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Algiers, Algiers, - - 2014
The purpose was to study the outcomes and factors affecting the survival of esophageal atresia in our center. A retrospective analysis of 86 cases of esophageal atresia (EA) over a 10-year period was performed with 46 boys and 42 girls. Demographic data, birth weight, gestational age, consanguinity, incidence of associated ...
Mizuno Tsutomu T Anesis Biyou Clinic, Meipuru Bldg. 9F, 3-20-17 Nishiki, Naka-ku, Nagoya, 460-0003, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, - - 2014
Pretarsal fullness of the lower eyelid has recently gained popularity in the Asian population. Hyaluronic acid injection is a simple, nonsurgical method for creating pretarsal fullness of the lower eyelid, but the effects last only 6-12 months. A need exists for a surgical procedure with long-term effects. We describe the use ...
Bittner Ava K AK Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, 600 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21287, USA ; Nova Southeastern University, College of Optometry, 3200 South University Dr., Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 33328-2018, - - 2014
An educational, interactive journal [Vision and Memory Stimulating (VMS) journal] was developed to boost patient confidence and promote long-term adherence with weekly vision self-monitoring in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients at risk for vision loss from new-onset neovascularization. In a multicenter randomized controlled trial, 198 subjects with intermediate stage, non-neovascular ...
Curtze S S Department of Neurology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2014
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most feared complication of oral anticoagulation (OAC). Our aim was to investigate the impact of the international normalized ratio (INR) level on mortality in OAC-associated ICH compared with non-OAC-associated ICH. A retrospective chart review of consecutive ICH patients treated at the Helsinki University Central Hospital ...
Quintero Jesús J Pediatric Liver Transplant Unit, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
eHAT after LT remains a life-threatening complication. In the majority of anticoagulation protocols, heparin is used to prevent thromboses. Our study aimed to monitor AT-III levels in the early post-LT period to assess the need for the administration of AT-III concentrate to ensure the effectiveness of heparin. We monitored coagulation ...
Cengic Ismet I Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this single center study is to evaluate the effectiveness of performing ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) performed by the radiologist alone without an on-site cytopathologist. In this prospective randomized study, 203 patients with single nodules measuring 10mm or more underwent ultrasound-guided FNAB: 102 patients underwent FNAB ...
Oylumlu Mustafa M Department of Cardiology - - 2014
Abstract Background: Increased epicardial fat thickness (EFT) has been proposed as a new cardiometabolic risk factor. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has predictive and prognostic value in several cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to explore the association between EFT and NLR in patients with pre-eclampsia. Methods: Hundred and ...
Willems Ariane A Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatrics, University Children's Hospital Queen Fabiola, Brussels, - - 2014
In paediatric cardiac surgery, red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are given to treat haemorrhage or to increase oxygen delivery (therapeutic transfusion). Sometimes, RBCs are added to the prime solution to avoid a too low haematocrit on bypass (CPB-driven transfusion). Our study investigated whether the reason for RBC transfusion might affect ...
Lee Jee Ho JH Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Seoul Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
To evaluate the surgical relapse of mandibular setback, related to the magnitude of setback and LeFort I osteotomy under rotational control of the proximal segment. Data from 78 patients who had undergone sagittal split ramus osteotomy for mandibular prognathism were reviewed. The stability of the proximal segment was retrospectively confirmed. ...
Camara B B Clinique Universitaire de Pneumologie, CHU Grenoble, France; Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, - - 2014
Our objective was to investigate characteristics of patients, risk factors and outcomes of patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). The Aspergillosis Committee prospectively collected Aspergillus notifications from January 2000 to December 2011. A retrospective analysis of data was performed. Among 1614 notifications registered, 44 cases of CPA in non immunocompromised ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M GM Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery & Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, - - 2014
Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial diarrhea, affecting up to 10% of hospitalized patients. Preliminary studies suggest an association between vitamin D status and C difficile infections (CDIs). Our goal was to investigate whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are associated with CDI severity. Methods: We prospectively ...
Sutherland A I AI Oxford Transplant Centre, Headington, Oxford, - - 2014
mTOR inhibitors avoid calcineurin nephrotoxicity, but sirolimus de novo is associated with unacceptable side effects and higher rejection rates. We have investigated a modified strategy: alemtuzumab induction with tacrolimus and mycophenolate maintenance, switching from tacrolimus to sirolimus at 6 months and stopping mycophenolate at 12 months. Here, we report the ...
Liebs T R TR University of Schleswig-Holstein Medical Centre, Kiel Campus, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Michaelisstr. 1, 24105 Kiel, - - 2014
Several factors have been implicated in unsatisfactory results after total hip replacement (THR). We examined whether femoral offset, as measured on digitised post-operative radiographs, was associated with pain after THR. The routine post-operative radiographs of 362 patients (230 women and 132 men, mean age 70.0 years (35.2 to 90.5)) who ...
Park Jong Won JW Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. - - 2014
Introduction. Changes in peritoneal membrane characteristics including epithelial-mesenchymal transition are an important problem in the maintenance of peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study reports a 3-year follow-up assessment of the effects of low-glucose degradation products (GDP) solution, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Materials and Methods. Adult patients who received continuous ambulatory PD between ...
Anand Surbhi S Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, I.T.S. Centre for Dental Studies and Research Delhi-Merrut Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the influence of various accelerators, 15% disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HPO4), 10% calcium chloride (CaCl2) and 23.1 wt% calcium lactate gluconate (CLG), on the immediate (after 72 h) and delayed (after 2 months) sealing ability of white ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) when it is used as ...
Singh Amit - - 2014
Background: The objective of this study was to assess the outcome in children who had undergone pyeloplasty by lumbotomy approach using infant feeding tube (IFT; 5 Fr) as a single stent. Materials and Methods: During January 2000 and December 2010, 134 pyeloplasty were performed by the lumbotomy approach. The procedure ...
Hu Wei - - 2014
Laminar closure is associated with expansive open-door laminoplasty. Suture anchor fixation and titanium miniplate fixation are used to prevent laminar reclosure. However, few studies have compared the clinical effects of the 2 fixation methods. The authors performed a prospective study of 55 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent single ...
Dogan M - - 2014
Whether to perform colorectal cancer and liver metastasis resections simultaneously or in separate procedures is controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the Pringle manoeuvre on the healing of left-sided colonic anastomoses in rats. Sixteen rats were randomly separated into two groups. In Groups ...
Vámosi Péter P Department of Ophthalmology, Péterfy Sándor Hospital, Budapest, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, - - 2014
The purpose of this report is to highlight the potential risk of noncontact tonometry after routine uncomplicated penetrating keratoplasty (PK). After uncomplicated PK for keratoconus, routine noncontact tonometry was performed on the second postoperative day. In spite of the adequately closed wound and the tight suture, temporary wound dehiscence occurred, ...
Joomye Shehzaad S Department of Anaesthesiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Research Institute of Anaesthesiology, No. 154 Anshan Road, Heping District, 300052 Tianjin, - - 2014
We devised this study to quantify the effect of age on the consumption of cisatracurium under general anaesthesia, using a computer controlled closed loop infusion system. We further investigated this effect on, sufentanil and propofol consumption. 74 patients of physical status I and II, requiring general anaesthesia for elective abdominal ...
Hassan Ayman K M AK Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, - - 2014
To assess the added value of the 6 minute walk test distance (6MWTD) in the risk-stratification methods for patients with ST -segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolysis. This is a prospective cohort study of one hundred consecutive patients with STEMI, who had received fibrinolysis, at Assuit University Hospital. ...
Suzuki Teruhiko T Division of Cardiology, Saitama Cardiovascular Respiratory Center, - - 2014
Objective We sought to perform a propensity score-matched lesion-based comparison of mid-term angiographic outcomes of sirolimus- (SES, Cypher Bx Velocity) and paclitaxel- (PES, TAXUS Liberté, the 2nd-generation TAXUS) eluting stents to treat de novo coronary stenosis and, particularly, in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in a daily practice environment. Methods ...
Yin Xiao-Juan XJ Affiliated Bayi Children's Hospital, Beijing Military Region General Hospital No. 5 Nan Mencang, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100700, - - 2014
To investigate value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalograph (aEEG) in early diagnosis and prediction of long-term prognosis of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), 120 HIE Children were randomly assigned into aEEG group and control group (n = 60 per group). Children in each group were sub-divided into mild, moderate and severe HIE groups ...
Wu Gang G Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, - - 2014
Recent studies have identified a variant, rs4845625, in the interleukin-6 receptor (IL6R) gene associated with Atrial Fibrillation (AF). Levels of circulating interleukin-6 and other proinflammatory molecules have consistently been associated with a risk for AF and its recurrence after catheter ablation. This study tested the hypothesis that variant rs4845625 is ...
Ahmetoglu Fuat F Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Inonu University, Malatya, - - 2014
To evaluate effectiveness of the apical negative pressure irrigation (EndoVac), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and conventional needle irrigation (CI) systems on smear layer (SR) removal. Sixty single-rooted canines were prepared using NiTi rotary files and subjected to different irrigation regimens: EndoVac with NaOCl (Group 1) or NaOCl/EDTA (Group 2); PUI ...
Eid Raymond E RE Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) has been demonstrated to improve early morbidity when compared with conventional open vein harvest (OVH) technique for infrainguinal bypass surgery. However, recent literature suggests conflicting results regarding mid- and long-term patency with EVH. The purpose of this study is to compare graft patency between harvest techniques ...
Cao Yan Y Department of Gastroenterology, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, 10 Changjiang Branch Road, Chongqing 400042, - - 2014
This single center, randomized, and controlled study aimed to compare the effectiveness and safety of polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage (PEG-EL) solution and colonic hydrotherapy (CHT) for bowel preparation before colonoscopy. A total of 196 eligible outpatients scheduled for diagnostic colonoscopy were randomly assigned to the PEG-EL (n = 102) or ...
Geng Guiqi G Department of Anesthesiology, Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University Shanghai, - - 2014
To study the change of maternal pulmonary function when ropivacaine and bupivacaine were used in spinal anesthesia for cesarean section, 40 ASA physical status I and II parturient scheduled to undergo cesarean section were randomly divided into bupivacaine and ropivacaine groups. Bupivacaine 9 mg and ropivacaine 14 mg were intrathecal ...
Khoder Wael Y WY Department of Urology, University Hospital Munich-Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich, - - 2014
Current work provides a prospective direct comparison between Open complete intrafascial-radical-prostatectomy (OIF-RP) and interfascial-RP in all outcomes in single centre series. Both techniques were done prospectively in 430 patients. Inclusion criteria for OIF-RP (n=241 patients) were biopsy Gleason-score ≤6 and PSA ≤10 ng/ml while for interfascial-RP (n=189) were Gleason-score ≤7 ...
Zand Vahid V Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of an experimental irrigation solution, containing two different concentrations of papain, Tween 80, 2% chlorhexidine and EDTA, on removal of the smear layer. Thirty-six single-rooted teeth were divided into two experimental groups (n=12) and two positive and negative ...
Han Kyu-Ho KH Department of Food Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary - - 2014
The effects of inulin with three different degrees of polymerization (DP) on microbial dietary fiber fermentation were compared in an in vitro simulator of the porcine large bowel. The three inulin isolates had a DP of 15 (from chicory grown in Hokkaido, Japan), and 10 and 24 (from Orafti, Belgium), ...
Klingler Jan-Helge JH 0000-0003-3469-9027 Department of Neurosurgery, Freiburg University Medical Center, 79106 Freiburg, - - 2014
Purpose. To compare radiographic and clinical outcomes after anterior cervical discectomy in patients with cervical degenerative disc disease using PEEK cages or PMMA spacers with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Methods. Anterior cervical discectomy was performed in 107 patients in one or two levels using empty PEEK cages (51 levels), Sulcem ...
Lee Yun Jeong YJ Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Despite the improved outcomes of LT, post-operative NCs remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to identify the incidence of and risk factors for NCs in children who underwent LT. The medical records of pediatric patients who underwent LT at Asan Medical Center ...
Ding Dale D Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia , Charlottesville, VA , - - 2013
Introduction. The management of Spetzler-Martin Grade-IV and -V arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is controversial due to their uncertain natural history, the high rate of morbidity and mortality associated with microsurgical resection, and the relatively low rate of successful obliteration from less invasive approaches such as radiosurgery and embolization. We present our ...
van Oosten Erik M EM Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2013
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have intermittent hypoxia leading to atrial remodeling and this has been associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Postoperative AF is a common complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether the presence of ...
Pilatis Nektarios D ND 1st Cardiology Department, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Kallithea, 17674 Athens, - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the association of BNP and CRP with the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Methods. The series consists of 125 patients (aged 65 ± 9 years), who underwent isolated CABG-surgery. BNP and CRP levels were measured pre- and 24 hours postoperatively and ...
Dalbeth Nicola - - 2013
Although typically a late feature of gout, tophi may present early in the course of disease. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the presence of early tophaceous disease. People with gout for <10 years were prospectively recruited, and had a comprehensive clinical assessment including examination ...
Kazmierski Jakub J Department of Old Age Psychiatry and Psychotic Disorders, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The knowledge base regarding the pathogenesis of postoperative delirium is limited. The primary aim of this study is to investigate whether increased levels of IL-2 and TNF-α are associated with delirium in patients who underwent coronary-artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The secondary aim is ...
Okada Mali M Department of Ophthalmology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine if postoperative refractive outcome in cataract surgery relates to centration or circularity of the capsulorrhexis. Prospective, observational study. One hundred thirteen eyes from 108 patients undergoing routine phacoemulsification cataract surgery with manual continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis. Patients underwent refraction, and digital retroillumination photographs were obtained 1 month and 1 ...
Kim Ji Young JY Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesiology and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2013
The sitting position may cause significant hemodynamic instability and cerebral hypoperfusion. We investigated the effects of desflurane and propofol on regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) in the sitting position during arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Forty patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery in the sitting position were randomly allocated to the desflurane group (n = 20) ...
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