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Results 101 - 150 of 1949
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Kwon Kyum-Yil KY Department of Neurology and Parkinson's Disease Centre, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Arm and leg swings during gait are reduced and asymmetric in Parkinson's disease (PD). Although rigidity and bradykinesia are interconnected with each other, and related with gait hypokinesia including arm and leg swing alteration, it remains uncertain which factor is more responsible for the decrease of arm and leg swings. ...
Ang Marcus M Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Singapore Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, - - 2014
To describe outcomes and complications following Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in eyes with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (BK) while retaining the anterior chamber intraocular lenses (ACIOL). We included consecutive patients who underwent DSAEK for BK at a single tertiary centre from 1 January 2008 to 1 April 2010, from ...
Ceresnak Scott R SR Pediatric Electrophysiology, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University-Lucille Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, - - 2014
There are little data on the effect of catheter position and mechanical ventilation on ablation catheter stability during electrophysiology study in children. We sought to determine the magnitude of catheter movement with mechanical ventilation, the effect of ventilation maneuvers on catheter movement, and to compare the degree of movement observed ...
Bagrodia Aditya A Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, - - 2014
To examine incidence of and risk factors for development of hyperlipidemia (HL) in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) or partial nephrectomy (PN) for renal cortical neoplasms, as HL is a major source of morbidity in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Two-center retrospective analysis of 905 patients (mean age 57.5 years, mean ...
Tanomaru-Filho Mário M Araraquara School of Dentistry, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate repair after endodontic surgery using two- and tridimensional imaging methods. Periapical radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) were performed before the surgeries and after 48 h (baseline), 4 months, and 8 months. The area (square millimeters) of periapical lesions in CBCT and in radiographs ...
Zhu Jiaquan J Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
The creation or enlargement of an atrial septal defect (ASD) in partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) repair may pose a risk of postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS), superior vena cava stenosis (SVCS), and atrial rhythm disturbances. 155 children who underwent repair of right PAPVD between 1990 and 2010 were ...
Wu Zhen Z Department of Anesthesia, Jiangyin Hospital, Medical College of Southeast University, No. 163, Shoushan Rd, Jiangyin, 214400, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial investigated the effect of continuous epidural butorphanol on intrathecal morphine-related pruritus in patients undergoing cesarean section. Eighty-three patients undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia (1.5 mL of isobaric bupivacaine 0.5 % and 0.1 mg of preservative-free morphine) were enrolled in this study. Subjects were randomized to receive ...
Takagi H H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, Japan - - - 2014
Aim: To determine whether primary abdominal wall hernia (AWH) is associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) presence, we performed a metaanalysis of studies investigating the association with primary AWH and AAA. Methods: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched through January 2014 using Webbased search engines (PubMed and OVID). Studies considered for ...
Scott Chloe E H CE Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Old Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK, - - 2014
The Triathlon single-radius total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was used in 11 % of primary procedures in England and Wales in 2011 making it the third most common prosthesis implanted. To date, there has been no independent report of survivorship or outcome for this implant. The aim of this study was to ...
Matsumoto Ippei I Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
Pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) has been associated with a high incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE). There are few studies comparing DGE associated with PPPD and subtotal stomach-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (SSPPD). Moreover, differences between the procedures with respect to long-term results have not been reported. A prospective randomized study was conducted to ...
Krych Aaron A Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if quadriceps strength and functional outcomes were similar at 6 months following anterior cruciate ligament [ACL] reconstruction in patients receiving a continuous 48-hour femoral nerve blockade for postoperative analgesia (FNB group) versus patients with no FNB (control group). A retrospective cohort was ...
Rampal V V Service d'orthopédie pédiatrique, hôpitaux pédiatriques de Nice, CHU Lenval, 57, avenue de la Californie, 06000 Nice, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) is frequently, even after reduction, associated with residual acetabular dysplasia. Various surgical techniques are used to correct this, one of which is Dega acetabuloplasty. This osteotomy technique has, however, rarely been assessed in this particular indication. The present study therefore sought to describe the ...
Kornej Jelena J 1University of Leipzig, Heart Center, Department of Electrophysiology, Leipzig, - - 2014
-Recurrences of atrial fibrillation (AF) occur in up to 30% within one year after catheter ablation. This study evaluated the value of CHADS2, R2CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores for prediction of rhythm outcomes of AF catheter ablation. -Using the Leipzig Heart Center AF Ablation Registry, we documented rhythm outcomes within the ...
Merk Denis R DR Department of Cardiac Surgery, Leipzig Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014
To compare early and long-term outcomes of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus full sternotomy (FS) isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR). We retrospectively analysed all patients who underwent isolated bioprosthetic AVR between 2003 and March 2012 at our institution. Matching was performed based on a propensity score, which was obtained using ...
Lorente Leonardo L Department of Critical Care, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous cost-effectiveness analyses have found that the use of chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine (CHSS)-impregnated catheters is associated with decreased catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) and central venous catheter (CVC)-related costs. However, in these analyses, the CVC-related cost included the increase of hospital stay. Our aim was to determine the immediate CVC-related cost (including ...
Bell K R KR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Old Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, - - 2014
We performed a case-control study to compare the rates of further surgery, revision and complications, operating time and survival in patients who were treated with either an uncemented hydroxyapatite-coated Corail bipolar femoral stem or a cemented Exeter stem for a displaced intracapsular fracture of the hip. The mean age of ...
Makki Daoud D Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, The Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton and University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, - - 2014
We assessed the risk for refractures following removal of elastic nails and plates from paediatric forearms. Out of 82 children who had 112 plates removed, seven patients (8.5%) had refractures when removals were within 12 months of implantation. Those aged 12 years or older were at risk. Out of 24 ...
Abdel-Wahab Mohamed M Cardiology Department, Heart Center, Segeberger Kliniken, Bad Segeberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to assess aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve (MCV) (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota) versus balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien XT valve (ESV) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California). AR after TAVI has been associated with poor survival, but limited data exist comparing MCV ...
Averbukh Yelena - - 2014
High teaching team workload has been associated with poor supervision and worse patient outcomes, yet it is unclear whether this association is more pronounced during the early months of the academic year when the residents are less experienced. We examined the associations between teaching team workload, timing of admission, and ...
Singh Satyajit - - 2014
Differential release kinetics of cardiac biomarkers including brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), Troponin-I, and CK-MB following valve replacement (VR) are not well characterized. We serially measured these biomarkers 24 hours prior, six hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, and one month following mitral/aortic VR in 100 patients. Baseline BNP, Tn-I, and CK-MB ...
Taneja Sonali S Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
The objective of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of different chelating agents on the calcium loss and its subsequent effect on the microhardness of the root dentin. Ten single rooted lower premolars were selected. The teeth were decoronated and thick transverse sections of 2 mm were ...
Park Dong Soo DS Department of Urology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, - - 2014
We investigate the clinical significance of the R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score for renal neoplasm following open partial nephrectomy (PN) under cold ischemia. A retrospective analysis was conducted using clinical data of 98 consecutive patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma who underwent open PN by a single surgeon from December 2000 ...
Walter Frank G FG From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Section of Medical Toxicology, College of Medicine, the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, and Rare Disease Therapeutics, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to analyze trends in the annual rates of reported medical outcomes of cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) snakebites in the United States, published in the annual reports of the American Association of Poison Control Centers in the course of 29 years. This was a retrospective analysis ...
Fakhrildin Muhammad-Baqir M-R MB High Institute for Infertility Diagnosis and ART, AL-Nahrain University, Baghdad, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of honey supplemented to cryoprotectant medium on post-thaw sperm motility, concentration, morphology and agglutination. Thirty semen samples were collected from 30 infertile patients. After assessment of semen analysis, semen samples were divided into 3 aliquots (0.7ml for each) and mixed with 1 ml of cryopreservation solution ...
Iosifescu Andrei George - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective single-center study was to assess the authors' results in mitral-aortic double valve replacement (DVR), with attention focused on the risk factors of in-hospital mortality (HM). As the initial results showed a strong relationship between HM and aortic prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM), this led to an assessment ...
Fyneface-Ogan S - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the duration of postoperative analgesia and possible adverse effects produced by caudal bupivacaine 0.25% at 1 ml/kg with or without 1.5 ug/kg of neostigmine in children undergoing unilateral herniotomy. Sixty-six children aged 1-6 years, of ASA physical status classes I or II ...
Lung P F C PF Intestinal Imaging Centre, St Mark's Hospital, Harrow, Middlesex, - - 2014
To describe our experience using a 5 year audit of computed tomography colonography (CTC) practice and identify factors that influence diagnostic performance to guide implementation in other centres. Consecutive patients referred for CTC at a single institution over a 5 year period were identified, and reporting rates and positive predictive ...
Nakamura Daisuke D Division of Cardiology, Osaka Rosai Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
Aims: Detailed long-term changes of the neointima in sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) are still unclear. Methods and results: We consecutively enrolled 14 patients (18 SES) and 12 patients (13 PES) who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) serially at eight months and 18 months after stent implantation. For ...
Becker Andreas A Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal Health Centre, Montreal, - - 2014
Objective: To examine the impact of nephrectomy delay on the survival of patients with small renal masses. Methods: Relying on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Medicare-linked database, 6,237 patients with pT1a renal cell carcinoma who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy were identified (1988-2005). Nephrectomy delay was dichotomized as ≤3 ...
Freire Analía Verónica AV Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergadá" (CEDIE), CONICET - FEI - División de Endocrinología, Hospital de Niños "Ricardo Gutiérrez", Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy is caused by parathyroid trauma. There are no studies regarding the usefulness of intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) as a monitor of postoperative hypoparathyroidism tool in pediatrics. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of intra- and postoperative PTH to predict the risk of developing post thyroidectomy hypocalcemia in children. ...
Bitar M A MA Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Center, American University of Beirut, - - 2014
Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of coblation in relieving inferior turbinate hypertrophy in children. Methods: An observational cohort study was undertaken. The severity of allergic rhinitis and the severity and degree of nasal obstruction were assessed using subjective and clinical symptom grading tools, a visual analogue scale, and ...
Stevens Christopher G CG Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
The use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has been increasing. However, many recommend against bilateral RTSA because of concerns over lack of internal rotation (IR) and the resultant difficulties with activities of daily living (ADLs). Data on 15 consecutive patients who underwent staged bilateral primary RTSA for cuff tear ...
Chua Horng-Ruey HR Division of Nephrology, University Medicine Cluster, Singapore, - - 2014
We aimed to develop a risk prediction model for first-year mortality (FYM) in incident dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease. We retrospectively examined patient comorbidities and biochemistry, prior to dialysis initiation, using a single-center, prospectively maintained database from 2005-2010, and analyzed these variables in relation to FYM. A total of ...
Fu Lingjie L Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhizaoju Road, 200011, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
To prospectively evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of Isobar semi-rigid dynamic posterior stabilization adjacent to single-level fusion up to and including 24 months postoperatively. A prospective follow-up for 24 months of 36 patients who underwent posterior Isobar dynamic stabilization due to single-level degenerative lumbar discopathy and instability (DLDI) with mild adjacent ...
Taylor B A BA IWK Health Centre, Dalhousie Pediatric Craniofacial Group, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to systematically review the airway outcomes following distraction osteogenesis of midface with the goal of (1) deriving clinically oriented insights and (2) identifying gaps in knowledge to stimulate future research. Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched and studies were included if subjects of ...
Press Cyrus M CM Fondren Orthopedic Group, Texas Orthopedic Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The glenoid vault can be perforated during pegged glenoid preparation in total shoulder arthroplasty. The clinical implications of glenoid vault perforation, however, are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of perforation of the glenoid during total shoulder arthroplasty on clinical and radiographic outcomes. Eighteen patients ...
Kim Ko Eun KE Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term results of 2-muscle surgery in children with primary large angle exotropia, comparing 10 mm bilateral lateral rectus recession (BLR) with unilateral lateral rectus recession-medial rectus resection (recess/resect). Retrospective case series. Eighty-six children with exotropia of ≥40 prism diopters (PD), who underwent 10 mm BLR (BLR group) ...
Sørensen Jan J Centre for Applied Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Early diagnosis of inflammatory rheumatic diseases is important in order to improve long-term outcome. We studied whether delay in diagnosis (time between onset of symptoms and establishment of diagnosis) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PSA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) changed from year 2000 to 2011. Month and ...
Zhang Jin-Shan JS Department of Pediatric Surgery, Capital institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, - - 2014
Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is a serious complication of Hirschsprung's disease (HD), with generalized sepsis and high mortality rate. Although the surgical correction of HD is mostly successful, challenges remain in the management of children with repeated episodes of enterocolitis. The authors describe a novel modification of transanal rectal mucosectomy and ...
Geller Jeffrey A JA New York Presbyterian at Columbia University Medical Center, New York - - - 2014
Few studies about how heterotopic ossification (HO) affects functional outcome after metal-on-metal total hip resurfacing (MOMHR) have been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of HO after MOMHR. We retrospectively reviewed 122 consecutive patients, who underwent MOMHR from June 2006 to October ...
Kim Kwang Kyoun KK Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal femur in patients who underwent the procedure. Forty-eight patients scheduled to undergo unilateral TKA because of primary knee osteoarthritis were included in this study, which was conducted at a medical center between ...
Haroon Muhammad M Department of Rheumatology, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
(1) To investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics contributing to the delay from symptom onset to the first visit to a rheumatologist; (2) to compare clinical, radiographic and patient-reported outcome measures of those who saw a rheumatologist early in their disease course with those who were diagnosed later. All psoriatic ...
Ateschrang Atesch A Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik Tübingen, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Schnarrenbergstr. 95, Tübingen, - - 2014
We report the first long-term results of a prospective cohort study after total hip arthroplasty using the cementless Bicontact hip stem. Between 1987 and 1990, 250 total hip arthroplasties in 236 patients were performed using the cementless Bicontact hip stem. The average follow-up was 22.8years (20.4-24.8) and average age at ...
Han Fei-Fei FF Pharmacy Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, 100020, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Neutropenia is a life-threatening side effect of irinotecan, and uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) gene polymorphisms are considered to be one of the predictive markers of irinotecan-related toxicities. Many studies have demonstrated that patients bearing UGT1A1*28 have a higher risk of severe neutropenia on toxicity of irinotecan. However, UGT1A1 (TA7/TA7) was ...
Sendag Fatih F Ege University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of the Robotic Single-Site "Total" Hysterectomy (RSSTH) and also to compare the outcomes of newly implemented Robotic Single-Site bipolar and external vessel sealing device. Retrospective design. Classification: Canadian Task Force Classification II-1. University Hospital. Twenty-four patients with benign indications of hysterectomy. Twenty-four patients underwent ...
Askim Torunn T Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Education and Social Work, Sør-Trøndelag University Collage, Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early rehabilitation that includes early mobilization and increased amount of motor activity is hypothesized to be one of the most important factors contributing to the beneficial effect of comprehensive stroke unit treatment, whereas too much bed rest is hypothesized to be harmful. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Kanellopoulos A John AJ *Laservision.gr Eye Institute, Athens, Greece; and †Department of Ophthalmology, New York University Medical School, New York, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate via Fourier-domain anterior-segment optical coherence tomography 3-dimensional corneal, epithelial, and graft thickness changes after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Sixteen eyes were investigated preoperatively and up to 6 months postoperatively for preoperative and postoperative central corneal thickness (CCT), minimum corneal thickness, ...
Liem Dennis D Department of Orthopedics and Tumor Orthopedics, University Hospital Muenster, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of pain and disability of the shoulder. Information on the prevalence and identification of potential risk factors could help in early detection of rotator cuff tears and improve treatment outcome. HYPOTHESIS:Patients treated for a symptomatic rotator cuff tear on one side have a ...
Marrouche Nassir F NF Comprehensive Arrhythmia and Research Management Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake - - 2014
Left atrial fibrosis is prominent in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Extensive atrial tissue fibrosis identified by delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been associated with poor outcomes of AF catheter ablation. To characterize the feasibility of atrial tissue fibrosis estimation by delayed enhancement MRI and its association with ...
Franco-Vidal Valérie V ENT Department, Bordeaux 2 University Hospital , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: The TricOs™/MBCP® and fibrin sealant composite was a convenient, effective, and well-tolerated material for mastoid cavity filling and immediate reconstruction of the external auditory meatus after cholesteatoma surgery with canal wall down (CWD). Objective: To assess the tolerance and osteointegration of a bone graft substitute, TricOs™/MBCP®, in association ...
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