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Narsaria Nidhi N Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, - - 2014
This prospective comparative study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of implants of different design (titanium elastic intramedullary nail versus anatomical precontoured dynamic compression plate) in treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Sixty-six patients between 18 and 65 years of age were included in this study. They were randomized in two ...
Nichols Brent G BG Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
Identify laryngoscopic and functional outcomes of infants with vocal fold immobility (VFI) following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation and identify predictors of recovery. Retrospective review of patients with VFI following PDA ligation from 2001 to 2012 at a single institution. Inclusion criteria were: (1) PDA ligation as only cardiac surgical ...
Morison Zachary A ZA Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, - - 2014
The purpose of the investigation was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes in four bearing surfaces. Eighty patients (91 hips) undergoing total hip arthroplasty between 2004 and 2007 were randomized to one of four bearing surfaces: (1) cobalt-chrome (CoCr) and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE); (2) CoCr and XLPE; ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios A *Centre for Liver & Digestive Disorders, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh ‡Medical School, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK †Department of Internal Medicine, St. Vinzenz-Hospital, Düsseldorf, - - 2014
The completion rate (CR) of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) has been reported at 81.3% to 84.8%. Prokinetic agents are used to increase CR and (theoretically) diagnostic yield (DY). Domperidone has not been widely used in SBCE; unlike metoclopramide, it lacks extrapyramidal adverse effects. This was a retrospective study. This ...
Owens Katie H KH School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand, - - 2014
Intravenous acetaminophen is a commonly used analgesic following surgery. The aims of this study were to determine the population pharmacokinetic profile of intravenous acetaminophen and its metabolites in adult surgical patients and to identify patient characteristics associated with acetaminophen metabolism in the postoperative period. 53 patients were included in the ...
Ricciardi Ana Clara AC Stroke Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Background: Although multiple studies and meta-analyses have consistently suggested that regular physical activity (PhA) is associated with a decreased stroke risk and recurrence, there is limited data on the possible preconditioning effect of prestroke PhA on stroke severity and prognosis. We aimed to study the association of prestroke PhA with ...
Cincin Altug A Marmara University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to investigate subclinical cardiac disturbances in patients with symptoms due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) and the impact of adenotonsillectomy (AT) using conventional and novel echocardiographic measures. Thirty patients with grade 3 or 4 ATH (mean age: 7.86±3.83 years; 10 females) and 30 healthy, age- ...
Takagi Hisato H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with worse long-term survival compared with on-pump CABG. We performed a meta-analysis of adjusted observational studies and randomized controlled trials. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through March 2014. Eligible studies were randomized ...
Pruziner Alison L AL Department of Rehabilitation, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, America Building (19), Room B315, 8901 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20889, USA, - - 2014
The initiation and progression of knee and hip arthritis have been related to limb loading during ambulation. Although altered gait mechanics with unilateral lower limb loss often result in larger and more prolonged forces through the intact limb, how these forces differ with traumatic limb loss and duration of ambulation ...
Schrot Rudolph J RJ Departments of 1 Neurological Surgery - - 2014
Object The authors analyzed headache relief after anterior cervical discectomy. Headache may be relieved after anterior cervical discectomy, but the mechanism is unknown. If headaches were directly referred from upper cervical pathology, more headache relief would be expected from surgery performed at higher cervical levels. If spinal kinesthetics were the ...
Maor Elad E Non Invasive Cardiology Unit, Leviev Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Hashomer, Israel; Pinchas Borenstein Talpiot Medical Leadership Program, Sheba Medical Center, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether assessment of stroke volume index (SVI) can be used to improve risk stratification among patients with low-gradient severe aortic stenosis and preserved ejection fraction (EF). Study population comprised 409 patients with aortic valve area ≤1.00 cm(2), mean gradient <40 mm Hg, and ...
Shah Mitesh M Division of Clinical Epidemiology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Division of Internal Medicine, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous studies on digoxin use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and the risk of all-cause mortality found conflicting results. We conducted a population-based, retrospective, cohort study of patients aged ≥65 years admitted to a hospital with a primary or secondary diagnosis of AF, in Quebec province, Canada, from 1998 to ...
Björkman Patrick P Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare mid- to long-term results of cross-pin versus metal interference screw fixation of ACL graft. In a prospective trial, 62 patients were randomized into two groups based on method of fixation. Transtibial drilling technique was used in the cross-pin and outside-in ...
Kim Eun Soo ES Eun Soo Kim, Ho Young Lee, Yoo Jin Lee, Bo Ram Min, Jae Hyuk Choi, Kyung Sik Park, Kwang Bum Cho, Byoung Kuk Jang, Woo Jin Chung, Jae Seok Hwang, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu 700-712, South - - 2014
To compare the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) areas observed in sedated and non-sedated patients during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Data were collected prospectively from consecutive patients who underwent EGD for various reasons. The patients were divided into three groups according to the sedation used: propofol, midazolam, and control (no sedation). The EGJ was ...
Elnashar Ismail I Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, - - 2014
To objectively assess the effectiveness of endoscopy assisted adenoidectomy utilizing adenoid tissue volume measurement and to set some parameters for which patients are more legible to this procedure. Forty three patients for whom adenoidectomy was conventionally done using adenoid curettes. Surgeon's satisfaction for adenoid removal after curettage and digital palpation ...
Riboh Jonathan C JC Division of Sports Medicine and Shoulder Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
To provide a synthesis of the highest-quality literature available comparing early passive motion (EPM) with strict sling immobilization during the first 4 to 6 weeks after surgery. The Medline, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched for eligible studies. We reviewed 886 citations, and 5 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) (Level II) ...
Acar Mustafa M Yunus Emre State Hospital, ENT Department, Eskisehir, - - 2014
To evaluate upper airway diameter differences before and after placement of custom made mandible protruding devices (MPD) in OSAS group and to compare with control group using computerized tomography. The OSAS group was composed of 15 patients aged from 25 to 45 years with mild-moderate OSAS and the control group ...
Vandekerckhove Frank F Centre for Reproductive Medicine, University Hospital Ghent , Gent , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract In a non-randomized, comparative prospective study (416 patients) we compared the outcome of IVF/ICSI in two parallel control groups: one in which patients were followed up using combined monitoring (ultrasound plus serum estradiol monitoring, the UHM group) and one in which only ultrasound monitoring was used (the UM group). ...
Brousil Philip P St. Luke's Cancer Centre, The Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Egerton Road, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XX, United - - 2014
To report the urinary toxicity outcomes for patients at greater risk of voiding symptoms and retention who received a modified transurethral resection of the prostate (TURPBXT) prior to low-dose rate brachytherapy (BXT). Data were analysed from patients receiving the above procedures between 2006 and present, taken from the prospective brachytherapy ...
Dowsey Michelle M - - 2014
We sought to determine whether socio-economic status (SES) is an independent predictor of outcome following total knee (TKR) and hip (THR) replacement in Australians. In this prospective cohort study, we included patients undergoing TKR and THR in a public hospital in whom baseline and 12-month follow-up data were available. SES ...
Messenger Wyatt B WB Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical, anatomic and functional effects of conversion to aflibercept following ranibizumab and/or bevacizumab in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A retrospective review of patients with neovascular AMD treated with intravitreal ranibizumab and/or bevacizumab who were switched to aflibercept was performed. The primary outcome was change ...
Coulston James J Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular Service, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aortoiliac tortuosity is often cited subjectively as a causative factor in iliac limb complications after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR); however, evidence on this subject is poor. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of stent grafting on aortoiliac tortuosity and to explore the role of the tortuosity ...
Hastings Hill H 2nd Indiana Hand to Shoulder Center, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
Semiconstrained total elbow arthroplasty is used to improve elbow function and reduce pain. Although effective, high complication rates exist, with the polyethylene bushing especially susceptible to failure. The Discovery Elbow System (Biomet Inc, Warsaw, IN, USA) contains a spherical bearing designed to minimize polyethylene wear. This prospective, multicenter clinical study ...
Ipekci Tumay T Department of Urology, Antalya Teaching and Research Hospital, Antalya, - - 2014
To evaluate the correction rate of urinary flow rate after posterior urethral valve (PUV) resection for predicting success after operation. This retrospective study was performed between March 2006 and February 2013 at the Department of Pediatric Urology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey. Of the 67 patients with PUV, ...
Im Jong Pil JP Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Knowledge of the risk factors associated with adverse outcomes after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) may be helpful for developing PEG recommendations. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical risk factors associated with adverse clinical outcomes after PEG, especially regarding the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). We ...
Papa G - - 2014
Aim. Purpose of this retrospective comparative study is to evaluate the results of reconstruction of diabetic feet by split thickness skin graft (STSG) and by dermal substitute Integra® covered by STSG in terms of vascularity of the reconstructed wound-bed by measurements of tissue oxygenation (TcPO2). Patients and Methods. 23 patients ...
Chan Ee-Yuee - - 2014
Objective: To determine if functional discharge readiness and mobility following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis is delayed after femoral nerve block (FNB) with or without patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioid compared with PCA opioid alone. Methods: Analyses of secondary outcomes from a randomized controlled trial with 200 patients undergoing unilateral ...
Piccin Andrea A Hematology Dept, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Hematology Dept, San Maurizio Regional Hospital, Bolzano, Italy; Trinity College University, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low circulating protein C (PC) levels have been observed in sepsis, especially in patients with Neisseriae Meningitides infections. Poor clinical outcome and high limb amputation rates have been associated in infected patients with low circulating PC levels. Published studies using activated PC replacement therapy patients with sepsis have shown reduced ...
Gornet Matthew F MF The Orthopedic Center of St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA, - - 2014
This study aimed at determining the variables that may prove useful in predicting clinical outcomes following lumbar disc arthroplasty. Pre- and post-operative imaging assessments were obtained for 99 single-level lumbar disc arthroplasty patients from a prospective IDE study. The assessments and patient demographics were tested to identify variables that were ...
Suys Tamarah T Neuroscience Critical Care Research Group, Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), University Hospital and Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1011, Lausanne, - - 2014
Sedation and therapeutic hypothermia (TH) delay neurological responses and might reduce the accuracy of clinical examination to predict outcome after cardiac arrest (CA). We examined the accuracy of quantitative pupillary light reactivity (PLR), using an automated infrared pupillometry, to predict outcome of post-CA coma in comparison to standard PLR, EEG, ...
Mitry Danny D Department of Corneal Surgery, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for isolated endothelial dysfunction has become the preferred surgical option for many corneal surgeons. However, there are limited large-scale reports on DSAEK survival and clinical variables affecting the risk of rejection and failure after failed penetrating keratoplasty (PK). OBJECTIVE To report the survival, ...
Akgül Turgut T Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Dega acetabuloplasty at the time of open reduction is effective in improving the acetabular coverage of the femoral head, hence improving the stability of reduction and preventing possible surgery in the future for residual acetabular dysplasia in older children with Tönnis grade 3 and 4 developmental dysplasia of the hip ...
Harterink Emilie E *Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery department, Armand-Trousseau Children Hospital, Paris, France; †University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands; and ‡Unite´ de Recherche Clinique de l'Est Parisien, AP-HP, Ho^pital Saint Antoine, Paris, - - 2014
To assess the anatomic and functional outcome of underlay cartilage myringoplasty in children with cleft palate, at different postoperative periods compared with a patients-matched control group STUDY DESIGN: Case control study, tertiary referral center. An otologic database was used to select children with cleft palate and perforated tympanic membrane who ...
Burgio Salvatore Luca SL S Burgio, Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (I.R.S.T.), Meldola , - - 2014
In this retrospective study, we evaluated CgA baseline value as predictor of outcome in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients progressing after docetaxel treated with abiraterone 1,000 mg daily. Methods: In the 48 evaluable patients, serum CgA level was normal when < 120 ng/mL (group A, n=16), within 3 times ...
Wu Zhenjie Z Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical - - 2014
To compare the perioperative and early renal functional outcomes of RPN and LPN for kidney tumors. A total of 237 patients fulfilling the selection criteria were included. 146 and 91 patients were treated with LPN and RPN, respectively. To adjust for potential baseline confounders propensity-score matching was performed. A favorable ...
Al-Dhahri Saleh F SF Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Hypoparathyroidism is the most common complication after thyroidectomy and the main reason for frequent outpatient visits; however, there is a poor understanding of its outcomes and no clear follow-up strategies are available. We aimed to predict post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism outcomes and identify relevant factors. A multicenter, standardized prospective study was conducted. ...
Reed Rhiannon D RD Center for Surgical, Medical Acute Care Research and Transitions, VAMC, Birmingham, AL, USA; Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Our study sought to examine the prevalence of urinary symptoms in men undergoing hernia repair and whether there is an association between symptoms and short-term outcomes. This is a prospective cohort study of male veterans consenting to inguinal hernia repair. The American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUASS) was administered preoperatively ...
Shirasaka Tomonori T Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
Impact of the decrease of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) on postoperative delayed awakening after total aortic arch replacement (TAR) was validated. From 2008 to 2013, 143 consecutive patients underwent TAR using selective antegrade cerebral perfusion. rSO2 was monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy. We calculated a percent decrease of rSO2 (%-D) ...
Dahl Line B LB 1 Department of Orthopaedics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen - - - 2014
Few papers have described results after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) and risk factors for conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of the present paper was to analyse clinical and radiographic outcome, survival of the hip joint and risk factors of early conversion to THA in patients with PAO. In ...
Lu Yi-Hua YH Nephrology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, - - 2014
Residual renal function (RRF) is pivotal to long-term outcomes, while rapid RRF decline (RRFD) is associated with mortality risk for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. This study was conducted to compare the impact of "initial anuria" and rapid RRFD on the long-term prognosis of CAPD patients. ♢ Method: According ...
Tan Tze-Woei TW Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Shreveport, La. Electronic address: - - 2014
Significant variability exists in completion imaging (CIM) after infrainguinal lower extremity bypass (LEB). We evaluated the use of CIM and compared graft patency in patients treated by surgeons who performed routine CIM vs those who performed selective CIM. We reviewed the Vascular Study Group of New England database (2003-2010) and ...
Shore Supriya S Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, CO; University of Colorado-School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Colorado Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Consortium, Denver, - - 2014
Dabigatran is a novel oral anti-coagulant (NOAC) that reduces risk of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). It does not require routine monitoring with laboratory testing which may have an adverse impact on adherence. We aimed to describe adherence to dabigatran in the first year after initiation and ...
Felix Valter Nilton - - 2014
There is a large consensus to preserve the distance of 5 cm above the proximal border of the lower esophageal sphincter (PBLES) as appropriate to the location of the electrode of the pH-metry. The main objective of this study is to determine whether placement of the electrode below the recommended ...
Goyal Deepak D Saumya Orthocare: Centre for Advanced Surgeries of the Knee Joint, Ahmedabad, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our purpose was to examine the Level I and II evidence for the use of osteochondral cylinder transfer technique (OCT) for cartilage repair. A literature search was carried out for Level I and II evidence studies on cartilage repair using the PubMed database. All the studies that involved OCT were ...
Rihn Jeffrey A JA *The Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA †Medical Metrics, Houston, - - 2014
Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. To determine which, if any, radiographic parameters are predictive of clinical outcome following cervical disc replacement (CDR) surgery. It is unclear whether radiographic parameters are predictive of outcome following CDR. An analysis of the radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes of the CDR cohort of ...
Hussain Sheikh Quyoom SQ Registrar, Department of Paediatrics, GB Pant Hospital, Government Medical College Srinagar, India - - 2014
Acute lower respiratory tract infection is a major cause of death in under five years of age, and anemia is the commonest co-factor in pediatric patients seeking medical advice especially in developing countries. To analyze whether a low hemoglobin level is a risk factor for acute lower respiratory tract infections ...
Martins Cesario C Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Apartado 861, Bissau, - - 2014
WHO recommends measles vaccination (MV) at age 9 months in low-income countries. We tested the measles antibody response at 4.5, 9, 18 and 24 months of age for children randomized to standard-titer Edmonston-Zagreb MV at 4.5 and 9 months, at 9 months, or at 9 and 18 months of age. ...
Zhou Minwen - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of trabeculectomies performed with and without releasable sutures in the treatment of patients with uncontrolled glaucoma. A comprehensive literature meta-analysis was performed, comparing trabeculectomies performed with and without releasable sutures. The primary efficacy measure was the weighted mean ...
Muss Hyman H University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA; Vall d'Hebron University Hospital and Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain; Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, USA; Jules Bordet Institute, Brussels, Belgium; University of Leeds and St James's Institute of Oncology, Leeds, UK; Formerly of Eisai Ltd, Hatfield, UK; Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey, USA; NJS Associates Company, Somerset, New Jersey USA; Baylor-Charles A. Sammons Cancer Center, Texas Oncology, and US Oncology, Dallas, Texas, - - 2014
Following the demonstrated efficacy and safety of eribulin mesylate in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer, an exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the effect of age in these patients.Methods.Data were pooled from two single-arm phase II studies and one open-label randomized phase III study in which patients received ...
Jeon Jin Sue JS Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, , Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors of prospective symptomatic haemorrhage in a large series of adult patients with cerebral cavernous malformation (CM). Three hundred twenty-six patients >18 years of age with 410 CMs were evaluated retrospectively. Symptomatic haemorrhage was defined as new clinical symptoms with ...
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