Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1938
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Shirazi Mehdi - - 2012
Introduction: Repair of the penile urethra in hypospadias is done with different suture materials. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of different suture threads on histological parameters of the penis and urethra following hypospadias repair in rats. Materials and Methods: Six groups of the rats, except ...
Bhave Prashant D PD Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2012
Although major noncardiac surgery is common, few large-scale studies have examined the incidence and consequences of post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in this population. We sought to define the incidence of POAF and its impact on outcomes after major noncardiac surgery. Using administrative data, we retrospectively reviewed the hospital course of ...
Oh Tae Suk - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the diabetic foot reconstructed with free flaps and analyse the preoperative risk factors. This study reviews 121 cases of reconstructed diabetic foot in 113 patients over 9 years (average follow-up of 53.2 months). Patients' age ranged from 26 to ...
Vasconcelos Juliana Souza - - 2012
To describe the penile length after radical prostatectomy (RP) in a long-term follow-up. We evaluated prospectively the penile length of 105 patients with localized prostate cancer treated by open RP. Participants using therapy for penile rehabilitation were excluded from statistical analysis. Measurements of the stretched penis were taken preoperatively and ...
Schwartz Michael H - - 2012
This study used the random forest algorithm to predict outcomes of intramuscular psoas lengthening as part of a single event multi-level surgery in patients with cerebral palsy. Data related to preoperative medical history, physical exam, and instrumented three-dimensional gait analysis were extracted from a historic database in a motion analysis ...
Forslind Kristina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of hand bone mineral density (BMD) loss analyzed with digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a predictor for progression of joint damage. METHODS: In 379 patients with early RA, baseline and 1-year hand BMD ...
Akdemir Barış - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of the left atrial volume index (LAVI) in electrical cardioversion (ECV) and observe the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) after a successful ECV in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. METHOD: This study was designed as a diagnostic ...
Bonkat G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Microbial ureteral stent colonisation (MUSC) is one leading risk factor for complications associated with ureteral stent placement. As MUSC remains frequently undetected by standard urine cultures, its definitive diagnosis depends on microbiological investigation of the stent. However, a standard reference laboratory technique for studying MUSC is still lacking. MATERIALS ...
Choi Young Rak - - 2012
Transarticular lateral release through a medial incision can avoid a dorsal incision. This study investigated outcomes following hallux valgus correction using transarticular lateral release, distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy and Akin phalangeal osteotomy through one medial incision. Between June 2004 and May 2009, a single surgeon performed a transarticular lateral release, ...
Long Jean-Alexandre - - 2012
To assess the impact of imperative or elective indications on the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy. Between January 2008 and August 2011, 381 consecutive robotic partial nephrectomies were retrospectively included. Two groups of patients were identified: those who underwent the procedure for an imperative indication (n = ...
Kiani Soroosh - - 2012
Introduction: Robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (r-CABG) requires the placement of ports bluntly through the chest wall. When removed, these ports create bleeding sites that can be difficult to detect and treat. This study evaluated whether a topical hemostatic agent placed locally within these sites helps to reduce bleeding and ...
Cui Yulong - - 2012
The directional flow of injection through a Whitacre needle can be used to modify the level of sensory blockade. We hypothesized that injection of hyperbaric local anesthetic through a Whitacre needle with the bevel oriented laterally can produce a more symmetric sensory block. Patients scheduled for lower limb surgery under ...
Choi Yong-Min - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and characteristics of 2 different types of early-onset exotropia on the basis of stereopsis outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 patients with newly diagnosed exotropia before 12 months of age and at least 1 year of follow-up after surgery. METHODS: ...
Gallagher Thomas Q - - 2012
Corticosteroids are commonly given to children undergoing tonsillectomy to reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting; however, they might increase the risk of perioperative and postoperative hemorrhage. To determine the effect of dexamethasone on bleeding following tonsillectomy in children. A multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study at 2 tertiary medical centers of ...
Clement N D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The reported survivorship of total shoulder replacement (TSR) is variable. This is probably related to implant design. We report the outcome and survivorship of the uncemented glenoid in patients with osteoarthritis receiving a TSR with an intact or repairable rotator cuff at surgery. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients were analysed ...
Nankaku Manabu - - 2012
BackgroundTotal hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective procedure that provides patients with long-term relief from pain and enables them to restore their normal daily activities. Preoperative instruction about the functional outcomes and optimum goal of rehabilitation is very helpful for patients undergoing THA.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to examine ...
Kolb Alexander - - 2012
In 2002 and 2006, we reported the long-term results of 208 total hip replacements performed with the Zweymüller stem and a threaded cup in 200 patients. The present study gives an update on this patient cohort. At a minimum of twenty years postoperatively, seventy-three patients (seventy-five hips) were available for ...
Chuckpaiwong Bavornrit - - 2012
This study compared results of distal and proximal metatarsal osteotomy for moderate to severe hallux valgus in terms of radiographic correction and functional outcome. We analyzed 125 moderate to severe hallux valgus surgeries. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 underwent distal metatarsal osteotomy, and group 2 underwent proximal ...
Song Sun Ok - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the association between the ratio of serum glycated albumin (GA) levels to hyperglycemic levels (GA/A1c ratio) and the progression of carotid artery atherosclerosis. METHODS: For this retrospective longitudinal study we recruited patients who had undergone carotid IMT measurement twice and been tested consecutively for both A1c and ...
Lévy Michaël - - 2012
Abstract Forty nine patients, t(11;18)-positive (n = 31) and t(11;18)-negative (n = 18) were, treated without randomization with rituximab-chlorambucil or rituximab alone. Evaluation was performed at week (W) 6, week (W) 25 and every 6 months (Wx). In comparing the rituximab-chlorambucil group to the rituximab-alone group, remission was obtained in ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective case series.Objective. To compare perioperative endpoints and outcomes of single-level versus multi-level corpectomy performed using a modified costotransversectomy (mCT) approach.Summary of Background Data. Single-level corpectomy via posterolateral approach has been shown to be an effective alternative to the traditional anterior thoracotomy approach. However, there is a ...
Irie Taichi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Elite Plus total hip arthroplasty (THA) system was introduced as the second modular evolution of the original Charnley low-friction arthroplasty. However, the results of the Elite Plus THA are currently considered to be inconsistent. The aim of this study was to clarify the medium-term results and the factors ...
Kaw R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is often undiagnosed before elective surgery and may predispose patients to perioperative complications. METHODS: /st>A literature search of PubMed-Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to November 2010 was conducted. Our search was ...
Jain A - - 2012
Objective:To characterize the relationship between peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) tip positions and associated complications in neonates.Study Design:Catheter tip position for 319 infants was classified into superior vena cava (SVC, n=131), inferior vena cava (IVC, n=72), brachiocephalic (BC, n=59), midclavicular (MC, n=49) or iliac. Duration of catheter stay and complication ...
Gallego Pilar - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  An abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI, the ratio of the ankle and the brachial systolic blood pressure) (≤ 0·90 or ≥ 1·4) suggests the presence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and has proposed as a marker of cardiovascular risk. We hypothesised that the ABI would ...
Barry Arden R - - 2012
Purpose The efficacy and safety of triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation are reviewed. Summary A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts identified a total of 10 cohort studies and one meta-analysis investigating triple ...
Beckett Joel S - - 2012
: The orbitofrontal deformity in metopic synostosis is recognized clinically but has not been quantitatively defined in a large patient population. The authors' purpose was to document the dysmorphology in metopic synostosis and define subtype gradations. : Demographic and computed tomographic information was recorded. Three-dimensional computed tomographic renderings were created ...
Crespi Roberto - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this clinical study was to compare a hand mallet with an electric mallet in osteotome-assisted sinus elevation. Materials and Methods: Eighty patients, all of whom were edentulous in the maxillary premolar and molar regions, were included in this prospective study. The patients were divided into two ...
Murray D W - - 2012
Recent events have highlighted the importance of implant design for survival and wear-related complications following metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. The mid-term survival of the most widely used implant, the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR), has been described by its designers. The aim of this study was to report the ten-year survival ...
Green Philip - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the impact of frailty in older adults undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for symptomatic aortic stenosis. Frailty status impacts prognosis in older adults with heart disease; however, the impact of frailty on prognosis after TAVR is unknown. Gait speed, grip strength, serum albumin, and ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
A multicenter, multi-country randomized controlled trial (the balANZ study) recently reported that peritonitis rates significantly improved with the use of neutral-pH peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions low in glucose degradation products ("biocompatible") compared with standard solutions. The present paper reports a secondary outcome analysis of the balANZ trial with respect to ...
Bazanelli Ana Paula AP Nutrition Program, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2013
This prospective study, conducted at the dialysis unit of the Nephrology Division, Federal University of Sao Paulo-Oswaldo Ramos Foundation, Brazil, aimed to evaluate whether waist circumference (WC) can predict adiponectin levels in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Among 115 patients on PD at a single dialysis center who were evaluated ...
Lapner Peter L C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding the optimal technique of subscapularis mobilization during shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare healing rates and subscapularis fatty infiltration in patients undergoing a lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO) versus subscapularis peel for exposure during shoulder arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients, with a ...
Anstead Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of Pseudomonas aeruginosa serology for antibiotic therapy in cystic fibrosis patients is not well understood. METHODS: Using five antigens from two ELISAs, we assessed whether positive serology in CF patients participating in the multi-center Early Pseudomonas Infection in Children (EPIC) trial would predict treatment failure, time ...
Iida O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess 3- and 12-month angiographic restenosis rates and their clinical impact after infrapopliteal angioplasty. DESIGN: Prospective multicenter study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 68 critical ischemic limbs (tissue loss: 58 limbs) from 63 consecutive patients due to isolated infrapopliteal lesions who underwent angioplasty alone. Primary endpoint was 3-month ...
Pawar Abhijit Y AY Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, - - 2013
Humeral lengthening by distraction osteogenesis historically has relied on bulky circular external fixators. Advances in fixator technology have allowed for the use of monolateral frames. However, it is unclear whether and to what degree function is improved after humeral lengthening. We asked: (1) Does humeral lengthening performed with monolateral fixators ...
Logerstedt David D Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, 301 McKinly Lab, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2012
Single-legged hop tests are commonly used functional performance measures that can capture limb asymmetries in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Hop tests hold potential as predictive factors of self-reported knee function in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Single-legged hop tests conducted preoperatively would not and 6 months after ACL ...
Qurashi Salem - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of fasting Ramadan during the hottest month of the year in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed at the King Fahd National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We used the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula to ...
Tang Wen - - 2012
Background: The relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) and residual renal function (RRF) has not been elucidated previously. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, HRV was evaluated in 71 peritoneal dialysis patients. Patients were divided into RRF decline group, RRF stable group and anuric group. Results: RRF was negatively correlated with ...
Levin Ishai I Department of Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel. - - 2012
To identify risk factors for relaparotomy after cesarean delivery. Cases of exploratory laparotomy at Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv, Israel, following cesarean delivery between 2000 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. Each case in the study group was matched randomly with 5 control cases in which the patient underwent cesarean delivery ...
Arif Rawa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Empiric experiences suggest higher mortality and complication risk for patients with cirrhosis of the liver after cardiac surgery. However, cirrhosis is not considered a risk factor in either the EuroSCORE or The Society of Thoracic Surgeons score. We report a large single-center experience of patients with cirrhosis undergoing cardiac ...
Hersi Ahmad S AS Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Saud University, - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major global public health problem. Observational studies are necessary to understand patient characteristics, management, and outcomes of this common arrhythmia. Accordingly, our objective was to describe the current status of published prospective observational studies of AF. MEDLINE and EMBASE (to June 2012) and reference lists ...
Jaar Bernard G - - 2012
QUESTION What are the effects of antiplatelet therapy on mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)? REVIEW SCOPE Included studies compared antiplatelet agents with control (placebo, standard care, or no treatment) in adults with CKD. Trials with follow-up &lt; 2 months in duration and those that ...
Nardo Giovanni Di - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The use of pneumatic dilation (PD) is well established in adults with achalasia; however, it is less commonly used in children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of PD in pediatric achalasia and to define predictive factors for its treatment failure. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral ...
van Hattum E S - - 2012
Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are at high risk of major ischaemic events. Long-term data of all major ischaemic events in PAD patients are scarce and outdated, especially for patients with severe PAD requiring bypass surgery. Our objective was to define their long-term prognosis and develop a prediction model ...
Soga Yoshimitsu - - 2012
Background: The patency and complications in aorto-iliac (AI) stenting remain poorly understood. The aim of this paper was to investigate the safety and efficacy after AI stenting. Methods and Results: This study was performed as a large-scale multicenter, retrospective registry. A total of 2,147 consecutive patients with AI disease were enrolled. The ...
Wurster T - - 2012
Atopaxar, also known as E 5555 is a novel reversible protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) thrombin receptor antagonist. To date, Atopaxar has been investigated in phase II trials with focus on safety and tolerability in patients with acute coronary syndromes or stable coronary artery disease on top of standard antiplatelet therapy. Atopaxar ...
Wong Jillian W - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by thickened red plaques covered with silvery scales. Excimer laser therapy is a cutting-edge advancement in UVB phototherapy. In contrast to traditional phototherapy, the 308 nm excimer laser only targets psoriasis plaques, while it spares uninvolved skin. It allows for ...
Kuo Chin-Lung - - 2012
To identify an association between follow-up period and cholesteatoma recidivism. Retrospective review. From 1982 to 2011, we retrospectively screened a consecutive series of children (≤18 years) with acquired cholesteatomas after primary surgery. The cumulative recidivism rates were calculated using standard calculation methods and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. A total of 73 ...
Nasrin M - - 2012
Tonsils are one of the important secondary lymphoid organ in immune system. It remains controversial whether tonsillectomy results in decreased serum immunoglobulin level. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of tonsillectomy on humoral immunity parameters among the patients with tonsillar disease. Total group A 70 patients ...
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