Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1949
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Abdelhamid Mohamed F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is associated with a prothrombotic diathesis that may increase the risk of cardiovascular events. This diathesis is exacerbated in the short term by open aneurysm repair (OAR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, the effect of EVAR and OAR on coagulation and fibrinolysis in the ...
Furuya Takeo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective clinical study.Objective. To report the surgical outcomes of patients with cervical myelopathy associated with athetoid cerebral palsy (CP) and to assess whether a halo vest is necessary for postoperative external immobilization.Summary of Background Data. Although a halo vest has remained the first choice for postoperative external ...
Mani K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess a novel thermosensitive polymer (LeGoo(®)) for distal vessel control during infra-popliteal (crural/pedal) bypass surgery in severe leg ischaemia. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of all distal bypasses from October 2009 to February 2012. Technical success, patency, limb salvage and amputation-free survival rates were analysed. RESULTS: Fifty-four ...
Hansen Jan Hinnerk - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) offers continuous non-invasive monitoring of regional tissue oxygenation. We evaluated NIRS monitoring during the postoperative course after superior cavopulmonary anastomosis in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and anatomically related malformations. METHODS: Cerebral (cSO(2)) and somatic (sSO(2)) tissue oxygenations were recorded for 48 h and compared with ...
Farr Sebastian - - 2012
To analyze early to midterm radiographic results after forearm lengthening in children with radial longitudinal deficiency. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with radial longitudinal deficiency undergoing distraction osteogenesis with an Ilizarov device. We retrospectively reviewed 8 lengthening procedures in 6 children with respect to distraction details and ...
Ammar Rasha I - - 2012
The use of the Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO; AGA Medical Corporation) is well established and reported in children and adults, but there are only occasional reports on use in symptomatic infants. Between March 2009 and January 2011, a group of 47 infants less than 2 years of age with symptomatic ...
Stundner Ottokar - - 2012
The influence of the type of anesthesia on perioperative outcomes after bilateral total knee arthroplasty (BTKA) remains unknown. Therefore, we examined a large sample of BTKA recipients, hypothesizing that neuraxial anesthesia would favorably impact on outcomes. We identified patient entries indicating elective BTKA between 2006 and 2010 in a national ...
Li Xiang - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to determine brachial artery endothelial function in patients at varying times during hemodialysis and to evaluate the influence and time-dependent effects of hemodialysis on the vascular endothelium. The brachial artery systolic and diastolic dimensions and diameter after reactive hyperemia in patients undergoing hemodialysis (dialysis ...
Demir M M Department of Cardiology, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey. - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency can play a role in cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, heart failure and hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency can activate the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which in turn affects the cardiovascular system. Thus, a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and thoracic aortic dilatation (TAD) and aneurysm could be ...
Tahiri Joutei Hassani Rachid - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the factors affecting the postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) decrease in 23-gauge (23-G) sutureless vitrectomy, including incision architecture evaluated by anterior segment spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 43 patients who underwent primary transconjunctival 23-G pars plana vitrectomy. All sclerotomy wounds were imaged ...
Ma Cong - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the warfarin dose-associated genotypes, CYP2C9*3 (rs1057910), VKORC1 -1639 G/A (rs9923231), and CYP4F2 1347 C/T (rs2108622), on hemorrhagic complications in Han Chinese patients. Consecutively recruited patients requiring more than 1 year of warfarin treatment were followed from the initiation of warfarin anticoagulation for ...
Claes Steven - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although the occurrence of early osteoarthritis (OA) is commonly associated with a history of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, its exact prevalence in these patients remains unknown. The goal of this study was to review the current literature on long-term radiographic outcome after autologous ACL reconstruction and subsequently perform ...
Shirazi Mehdi - - 2012
Introduction: Repair of the penile urethra in hypospadias is done with different suture materials. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of different suture threads on histological parameters of the penis and urethra following hypospadias repair in rats. Materials and Methods: Six groups of the rats, except ...
Bhave Prashant D PD Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2012
Although major noncardiac surgery is common, few large-scale studies have examined the incidence and consequences of post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in this population. We sought to define the incidence of POAF and its impact on outcomes after major noncardiac surgery. Using administrative data, we retrospectively reviewed the hospital course of ...
Oh Tae Suk - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the diabetic foot reconstructed with free flaps and analyse the preoperative risk factors. This study reviews 121 cases of reconstructed diabetic foot in 113 patients over 9 years (average follow-up of 53.2 months). Patients' age ranged from 26 to ...
Vasconcelos Juliana Souza - - 2012
To describe the penile length after radical prostatectomy (RP) in a long-term follow-up. We evaluated prospectively the penile length of 105 patients with localized prostate cancer treated by open RP. Participants using therapy for penile rehabilitation were excluded from statistical analysis. Measurements of the stretched penis were taken preoperatively and ...
Schwartz Michael H - - 2012
This study used the random forest algorithm to predict outcomes of intramuscular psoas lengthening as part of a single event multi-level surgery in patients with cerebral palsy. Data related to preoperative medical history, physical exam, and instrumented three-dimensional gait analysis were extracted from a historic database in a motion analysis ...
Forslind Kristina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of hand bone mineral density (BMD) loss analyzed with digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a predictor for progression of joint damage. METHODS: In 379 patients with early RA, baseline and 1-year hand BMD ...
Akdemir Barış - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of the left atrial volume index (LAVI) in electrical cardioversion (ECV) and observe the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) after a successful ECV in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. METHOD: This study was designed as a diagnostic ...
Bonkat G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Microbial ureteral stent colonisation (MUSC) is one leading risk factor for complications associated with ureteral stent placement. As MUSC remains frequently undetected by standard urine cultures, its definitive diagnosis depends on microbiological investigation of the stent. However, a standard reference laboratory technique for studying MUSC is still lacking. MATERIALS ...
Long Jean-Alexandre - - 2012
To assess the impact of imperative or elective indications on the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy. Between January 2008 and August 2011, 381 consecutive robotic partial nephrectomies were retrospectively included. Two groups of patients were identified: those who underwent the procedure for an imperative indication (n = ...
Kiani Soroosh - - 2012
Introduction: Robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (r-CABG) requires the placement of ports bluntly through the chest wall. When removed, these ports create bleeding sites that can be difficult to detect and treat. This study evaluated whether a topical hemostatic agent placed locally within these sites helps to reduce bleeding and ...
Cui Yulong - - 2012
The directional flow of injection through a Whitacre needle can be used to modify the level of sensory blockade. We hypothesized that injection of hyperbaric local anesthetic through a Whitacre needle with the bevel oriented laterally can produce a more symmetric sensory block. Patients scheduled for lower limb surgery under ...
Choi Young Rak YR CHA Bandang Medical Center, CHA University, Seoul, - - 2012
Transarticular lateral release through a medial incision can avoid a dorsal incision. This study investigated outcomes following hallux valgus correction using transarticular lateral release, distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy and Akin phalangeal osteotomy through one medial incision. Between June 2004 and May 2009, a single surgeon performed a transarticular lateral release, ...
Choi Yong-Min - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and characteristics of 2 different types of early-onset exotropia on the basis of stereopsis outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 patients with newly diagnosed exotropia before 12 months of age and at least 1 year of follow-up after surgery. METHODS: ...
Clement N D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The reported survivorship of total shoulder replacement (TSR) is variable. This is probably related to implant design. We report the outcome and survivorship of the uncemented glenoid in patients with osteoarthritis receiving a TSR with an intact or repairable rotator cuff at surgery. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients were analysed ...
Gallagher Thomas Q TQ Department of Otolaryngology, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, - - 2012
Corticosteroids are commonly given to children undergoing tonsillectomy to reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting; however, they might increase the risk of perioperative and postoperative hemorrhage. To determine the effect of dexamethasone on bleeding following tonsillectomy in children. A multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study at 2 tertiary medical centers of ...
Nankaku Manabu - - 2012
BackgroundTotal hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective procedure that provides patients with long-term relief from pain and enables them to restore their normal daily activities. Preoperative instruction about the functional outcomes and optimum goal of rehabilitation is very helpful for patients undergoing THA.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to examine ...
Kolb Alexander - - 2012
In 2002 and 2006, we reported the long-term results of 208 total hip replacements performed with the Zweymüller stem and a threaded cup in 200 patients. The present study gives an update on this patient cohort. At a minimum of twenty years postoperatively, seventy-three patients (seventy-five hips) were available for ...
Chuckpaiwong Bavornrit - - 2012
This study compared results of distal and proximal metatarsal osteotomy for moderate to severe hallux valgus in terms of radiographic correction and functional outcome. We analyzed 125 moderate to severe hallux valgus surgeries. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 underwent distal metatarsal osteotomy, and group 2 underwent proximal ...
Song Sun Ok - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the association between the ratio of serum glycated albumin (GA) levels to hyperglycemic levels (GA/A1c ratio) and the progression of carotid artery atherosclerosis. METHODS: For this retrospective longitudinal study we recruited patients who had undergone carotid IMT measurement twice and been tested consecutively for both A1c and ...
Lévy Michaël - - 2012
Abstract Forty nine patients, t(11;18)-positive (n = 31) and t(11;18)-negative (n = 18) were, treated without randomization with rituximab-chlorambucil or rituximab alone. Evaluation was performed at week (W) 6, week (W) 25 and every 6 months (Wx). In comparing the rituximab-chlorambucil group to the rituximab-alone group, remission was obtained in ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective case series.Objective. To compare perioperative endpoints and outcomes of single-level versus multi-level corpectomy performed using a modified costotransversectomy (mCT) approach.Summary of Background Data. Single-level corpectomy via posterolateral approach has been shown to be an effective alternative to the traditional anterior thoracotomy approach. However, there is a ...
Irie Taichi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Elite Plus total hip arthroplasty (THA) system was introduced as the second modular evolution of the original Charnley low-friction arthroplasty. However, the results of the Elite Plus THA are currently considered to be inconsistent. The aim of this study was to clarify the medium-term results and the factors ...
Kaw R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is often undiagnosed before elective surgery and may predispose patients to perioperative complications. METHODS: /st>A literature search of PubMed-Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to November 2010 was conducted. Our search was ...
Jain A - - 2012
Objective:To characterize the relationship between peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) tip positions and associated complications in neonates.Study Design:Catheter tip position for 319 infants was classified into superior vena cava (SVC, n=131), inferior vena cava (IVC, n=72), brachiocephalic (BC, n=59), midclavicular (MC, n=49) or iliac. Duration of catheter stay and complication ...
Gallego Pilar - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  An abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI, the ratio of the ankle and the brachial systolic blood pressure) (≤ 0·90 or ≥ 1·4) suggests the presence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and has proposed as a marker of cardiovascular risk. We hypothesised that the ABI would ...
Barry Arden R - - 2012
Purpose The efficacy and safety of triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation are reviewed. Summary A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts identified a total of 10 cohort studies and one meta-analysis investigating triple ...
Crespi Roberto - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this clinical study was to compare a hand mallet with an electric mallet in osteotome-assisted sinus elevation. Materials and Methods: Eighty patients, all of whom were edentulous in the maxillary premolar and molar regions, were included in this prospective study. The patients were divided into two ...
Murray D W - - 2012
Recent events have highlighted the importance of implant design for survival and wear-related complications following metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. The mid-term survival of the most widely used implant, the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR), has been described by its designers. The aim of this study was to report the ten-year survival ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
A multicenter, multi-country randomized controlled trial (the balANZ study) recently reported that peritonitis rates significantly improved with the use of neutral-pH peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions low in glucose degradation products ("biocompatible") compared with standard solutions. The present paper reports a secondary outcome analysis of the balANZ trial with respect to ...
Bazanelli Ana Paula AP Nutrition Program, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2013
This prospective study, conducted at the dialysis unit of the Nephrology Division, Federal University of Sao Paulo-Oswaldo Ramos Foundation, Brazil, aimed to evaluate whether waist circumference (WC) can predict adiponectin levels in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Among 115 patients on PD at a single dialysis center who were evaluated ...
Green Philip P Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the impact of frailty in older adults undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for symptomatic aortic stenosis. Frailty status impacts prognosis in older adults with heart disease; however, the impact of frailty on prognosis after TAVR is unknown. Gait speed, grip strength, serum albumin, and ...
Beckett Joel S JS Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2012
The orbitofrontal deformity in metopic synostosis is recognized clinically but has not been quantitatively defined in a large patient population. The authors' purpose was to document the dysmorphology in metopic synostosis and define subtype gradations. Demographic and computed tomographic information was recorded. Three-dimensional computed tomographic renderings were created digitally. Craniometric ...
Lapner Peter L C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding the optimal technique of subscapularis mobilization during shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare healing rates and subscapularis fatty infiltration in patients undergoing a lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO) versus subscapularis peel for exposure during shoulder arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients, with a ...
Anstead Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of Pseudomonas aeruginosa serology for antibiotic therapy in cystic fibrosis patients is not well understood. METHODS: Using five antigens from two ELISAs, we assessed whether positive serology in CF patients participating in the multi-center Early Pseudomonas Infection in Children (EPIC) trial would predict treatment failure, time ...
Iida O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess 3- and 12-month angiographic restenosis rates and their clinical impact after infrapopliteal angioplasty. DESIGN: Prospective multicenter study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 68 critical ischemic limbs (tissue loss: 58 limbs) from 63 consecutive patients due to isolated infrapopliteal lesions who underwent angioplasty alone. Primary endpoint was 3-month ...
Pawar Abhijit Y AY Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, - - 2013
Humeral lengthening by distraction osteogenesis historically has relied on bulky circular external fixators. Advances in fixator technology have allowed for the use of monolateral frames. However, it is unclear whether and to what degree function is improved after humeral lengthening. We asked: (1) Does humeral lengthening performed with monolateral fixators ...
Logerstedt David D Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, 301 McKinly Lab, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2012
Single-legged hop tests are commonly used functional performance measures that can capture limb asymmetries in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Hop tests hold potential as predictive factors of self-reported knee function in individuals after ACL reconstruction. Single-legged hop tests conducted preoperatively would not and 6 months after ACL ...
Qurashi Salem - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of fasting Ramadan during the hottest month of the year in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed at the King Fahd National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We used the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula to ...
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