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Results 501 - 550 of 1949
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Helito Camilo Partezani CP Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
To evaluate whether hemostasis with eletrocauterization in comparison with Floseal((r)) leads to different bleeding rates during total knee arthroplasty. A COMPARATIVE STUDY WAS PERFORMED BETWEEN TWO GROUPS: group with ten consecutive total knee arthroplasties with Floseal((r)) used as hemostatic method and control group with ten consecutive total knee arthroplasties with ...
Tao Dan-Ying DY Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to determine the cariostatic potential of a chewing gum containing tea polyphenol. A total of 157 schoolchildren aged 8-9 years were randomly allocated into three groups. Two groups received chewing gum with or without tea polyphenol. A third group did not receive any chewing ...
Yin W W State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of a new dentifrice containing arginine, an insoluble calcium compound, and fluoride to arrest or reverse naturally occurring buccal caries lesions measured using Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF). Three study groups used dentifrices which contained 1) 1.5% arginine and 1450 ppm ...
Epstein Andrew J AJ Department of Veterans Affairs' Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3900 Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
To assess the association between obstetricians' years of experience after training and the maternal complications of their patients during their first 40 years of post-residency practice. Retrospective cohort analysis. Obstetrical discharges from acute care hospitals in Florida and New York between academic years 1992 and 2009. 6,704,311 deliveries performed by ...
Zasada Magdalena M Department of Pediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. - - 2013
Kawasaki disease is the number one cause of acquired heart disease among children in developed countries. The aim of the study was a retrospective analysis of the factors that may influence the persistence of coronary artery abnormalities in patients with Kawasaki disease. Analyzing the medical records of patients hospitalized in ...
Lopez Pereira P P Paediatric Urology, University Hospital La Paz , Madrid , - - 2013
Studies evaluating renal transplant (RT) outcome in children who underwent an augmentation cystoplasty (AC) are contradictory and the current knowledge is based on studies with a limited number of patients. The aim of this study is to compare RT outcome between children who underwent AC and those without augmentation. A ...
Sattayut Sajee S Lasers in Dentistry Research Group, Khon Kaen University, - - 2013
Although there are some studies reporting the benefits of using laser to improve wound closure, there were a few studies in a model of oral mucosa. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare immediate tensile strength of the wound closure between suture alone and suture combined with ...
Mazzone Elena Stacy ES Department of Paediatric Neurology, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2013
The aim of the study was i) to assess the spectrum of changes over 24 months in ambulant boys affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy, ii) to establish the difference between the first and the second year results and iii) to identify possible early markers of loss of ambulation. One hundred ...
Sertoz Nezih N Ege University, School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of deficiencies in glucose regulation on the onset, regression, and block performance times in a group of patients with diabetes-related foot problems. Forty-eight patients with American Society of Anesthetists physical status 2-4 undergoing foot and ankle surgery with a ...
Thienpont Emmanuel - - 2012
PURPOSE: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase biomarker responding to surgical trauma. Typically, a first peak is observed at day 2 with a reduction at day 4 and normalization 3-6 weeks after surgery. CRP is often linked to prosthetic joint infection when elevated values are present longer time after surgery. The ...
López-Otero Diego - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To determine the prognostic value of pro B-type natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) to predict mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Logistic EuroSCORE (LES) overestimates observed mortality after TAVI. A new risk score specific to TAVI is needed to accurately assess mortality and outcome. METHODS: Eighty-five patients were included. Indications ...
Kuehhas F E - - 2012
Objective: Evaluation of the true incidence of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) among boys younger than 10 years. Methods: In a period of 13 months, 75 boys younger than 10 years were treated for phimosis. Suspicion of BXO was raised in phimosis grade 2 or 3 (classification by Kikiros). Patients were ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2012
Objective: N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is one of the biomarkers, increased by myocardial ischemia or subsequent, burdened wall stress. The aim of this study was to assess if NT-pro-BNP can predict the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Methods: NT-pro-BNP was measured preoperatively ...
Bagga Deepak - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify the predictive factors for successful vessel-intact laparoscopic orchiopexy (VILO) for nonpalpable intra-abdominal testes (NPIT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 boys with 28 NPITs within 2 cm of the internal ring underwent VILO. They were divided into two groups based upon outcome, for statistical comparison. Group A (successful VILO): patients ...
Van Heest Ann E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of patients who underwent dorsal carpal wedge osteotomy (DCWO) for the treatment of wrist flexion deformities causing functional limitations resulting from arthrogryposis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of consecutive patients treated with DCWO between 1996 and 2009 by a single surgeon. Follow-up of ...
Sun Yu-Jiao - - 2013
This study assessed the relationship between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels on admission and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (ASTEMI). Patients with ASTEMI who had a lipid profile tested within 24 hours of symptom onset were enrolled. They were stratified ...
Oswari Hanifah - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the significance of total bilirubin, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) for predicting outcome in sepsis-associated cholestasis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort review of the hospital records was performed in 181 neonates admitted to the Neonatal Care Unit. A comparison ...
Wanty Catherine - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: The management of esophageal varices (EV) in children suffering from biliary atresia (BA) remains controversial. Recent studies in children proposed initiating a prophylactic treatment in patients with severe (Grade III) EV and/or EV associated with red color signs. Our study was aimed at assessing the risk of bleeding from ...
Kang Seok Hui - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the nutritional status changes and residual renal function (RRF) according to proteinuria levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: A total of 388 patients on PD were enrolled. The patients were divided into 3 groups with respect to initial proteinuria: the A ...
Mahamid Mahmud - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: the etiology and pathogenesis of PFAPA is still unknown, the rapid response to corticosteroids treatment suggested an immune mechanism. The role of vitamin D in the development of immune mediated diseases is widely investigated. In this study we aimed to look for possible association between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D ...
Foulongne E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-term results of decompressive laminectomy in degenerative lumbar stenosis have been studied in only six prospective studies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the functional outcome at long term of patients after decompressive laminectomy in lumbar stenosis and to determine predictive factors of favorable outcome. ...
Lim Sun Min - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be technically demanding and requires great attention to detail and prolonged concentration. We assumed that clinical outcomes of ESDs may be affected by cumulative time, and we aimed to compare complete resection rates and adverse events according to cumulative ESD time. METHODS: This study ...
Elbasan Zafer - - 2012
Background: There is growing evidence that aortic distensibility (AD) is a subclinical marker of early atherosclerosis. Aortic intima-media thickness (IMT) was an earlier marker than carotid IMT of preclinical atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between thoracic aortic IMT and AD. Methods: We studied 192 patients ...
Dhandapani Sivashanmugam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Elective temporary clipping (ETC) is increasingly used in surgery for aneurysms. This study was to assess whether the impact of ETC on intraoperative aneurysmal rupture (IAR) translates into neurological outcome. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms were prospectively studied for various factors related to ETC, ...
Arıbaş Alpay - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: High neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with post-operative AF development in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. In this study, effectiveness of NLR for prediction of recurrence after electrical cardioversion (CV) in non-valvular AF was investigated. METHODS: A total of 149 patients who underwent a successful CV were included ...
Wren Tishya A L - - 2012
This study examined the impact of gait analysis on surgical outcomes in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) through a randomized controlled trial. 156 children with CP (94 male; age 10.2±3.7 years) underwent gait analysis and were randomized to two groups: Gait Report group (N=83), where the referring surgeon received ...
Balke Maurice - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the morphology of the acromion in calcific tendinitis differs from controls without subacromial pathology and matches subacromial impingement. METHODS: Digital radiographs of 150 shoulders were evaluated with the open source DICOM-Viewer OsiriX. 50 patients had symptomatic calcific tendinitis of the ...
Orasan Remus Aurel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study of online hemodiafiltration (HDF) benefits over high-flux hemodialysis (HD) raises great interest. The purpose was to compare clinical and laboratory parameters in patients treated with HD who were switched to HDF. METHODS: Forty-eight HD patients (study group) were switched to HDF, while other 521 patients remained on ...
Yoo Jun Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE:Inferior oblique (IO) myectomy can result in self-adjustment; the greater the preoperative hyperdeviation, the larger the postoperative correction. This study estimated the effect of IO recession in primary position and in contralateral gaze. METHODS:Records of 43 patients with IO muscle overaction associated with congenital unilateral superior oblique palsy were reviewed ...
Funck-Brentano Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the ability of ultrasonography (US) to predict radiographic damage in early arthritis. METHODS: ESPOIR is a multicentric cohort of early arthritis (i.e. ò 2 swollen joints between 6 weeks and 6 months). US synovitis in B mode and power Doppler (PD) and erosions were ...
Webb Nicholas J A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A previous subgroup analysis of a 12-week, double-blind study demonstrated that losartan significantly lowered proteinuria versus placebo and amlodipine and was well tolerated in children (1-17 years old) with proteinuria secondary to Alport syndrome. The present subgroup analysis of the open-label, extension phase of this study assessed the long-term efficacy ...
Tandon Anika - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To perform a meta-analysis on postkeratoplasty glaucoma and directly compare the affect of trabeculectomy, cyclophotocoagulation (CPC), and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) on intraocular pressure (IOP) control and corneal graft survival. METHODS:: We searched Medline (Ovid, PubMed), EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library databases for clinical articles that maintained our inclusion ...
Somfai T - - 2012
We compared the feasibility of ethylene glycol (EG) and propylene glycol (PG) for the vitrification of immature porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC). Porcine COC collected from 3- to 6-mm follicles of slaughterhouse-derived ovaries were subjected to solid-surface vitrification (Somfai et al. 2010 Theriogenology 73, 147-156) either in 35% (v/v) EG or ...
Ciftci Ceylan F - - 2012
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known to be related with increased metabolic and cardiovascular risks. Various phenotypic subgroups of PCOS have been proven to have metabolic and endocrine disorders with varying degrees of severity However, intra-renal vascular resistance, which is an indirect indication of atherosclerosis, remains unknown in PCOS ...
Kwon Steve - - 2012
This prospective cohort study sought to identify predictors of functional decline in patients aged 65 years or older who underwent major, nonemergent abdominal or thoracic surgery in our tertiary hospital from 2006 to 2008. We used the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) to evaluate functional decline; a 0.1 or ...
Barnoiu Ovidiu-Spiru - - 2012
Objectives: Urinary incontinence (UI) still remains one of the major functional complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). As the cause for UI is multifactorial, it is quite difficult to make a prediction preoperatively. Considering intraoperative and postoperative risk factors, besides the preoperative ones, we designed an incontinence prediction model, administered ...
Cooper Jeffrey L JL Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, - - 2013
This study was designed to assess the relative importance of Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) secretion to mucociliary transport rate (MCT) in ex vivo porcine tracheas. MCT was measured in one group of tissues that was exposed to adventitial HCO(3)(-)-free solution while a parallel group was exposed to adventitial HCO(3)(-)-replete solution. After ...
Díez Manuel - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between preoperative serum levels of vitamin D and postoperative hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 113 patients treated by total thyroidectomy due to benign disease. Preoperative vitamin D serum levels and ...
Cho Sung Yong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To understand the nature and long-term fate of supranormal differential renal function (snDRF), analysis of a post-pyeloplasty database was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) diuretic renal scans (DRS) identified 33 children with snDRF (>55%). Postoperatively, all showed improved hydronephrosis in ultrasound imaging or normalized drainage pattern ...
Une Dai - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Graft Imaging to Improve Patency (GRIIP), a single-center, randomized blinded clinical trial, reported that intraoperative graft assessment with graft revision according to a priori criteria of transit time flowmetry (TTF) and intraoperative fluorescent angiography did not improve graft patency at one year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) when ...
Qi Xingshun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The effects of antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC) and protein S (PS) on the pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in liver cirrhosis remain controversial in different studies. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine this issue were performed. METHODS:: PubMed database was employed to identify ...
Walstra Frances E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sprengel's deformity is a congenital anomaly of the shoulder with superior displacement and rotation of the hypoplastic scapula. The functional impairment and misshapen appearance of the shoulder can be minimized with different surgical techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after correction of Sprengel's ...
Wang Shi-Ping - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A lot of methods have been intensively investigated to improve random skin flap survival. Decreasing inflammation and alleviating tissue injury have been reported to be effective in improving survival ratio. Vasonatrin peptide (VNP) is a chimera of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). The current study ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify independent factors that may predict vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) resolution after endoscopic treatment using dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux(®)) in children free of anatomical anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in our pediatric referral center from 1998 to 2011 on children with primary VUR who underwent ...
Plesman R - - 2012
Objectives: To evaluate and compare detection of meniscal tears associated with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency by either arthroscopy or arthrotomy. Methods: A retrospective, cohort study was completed with stifles (n = 531) of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Either a medial parapatellar arthrotomy or an arthroscopy procedure was performed ...
Kim Chi Heon - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with autologous iliac bone graft and plating has been a standard surgical method for single-level cervical disc disease. The stand-alone cage was introduced to reduce graft-related morbidity. However, problems due to focal kyphosis at the operated level have been on the rise. It ...
Coric Domagoj - - 2012
Object The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of cervical total disc replacement (TDR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of single-level cervical radiculopathy. Methods The results of 2 separate prospective, randomized, US FDA Investigational Device Exemption pivotal trials (Bryan Disc and ...
Wallerstedt Anna - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative patient and tumour-related factors associated with 12 months postoperative urinary incontinence. Material and methods. In total, 1529 men who had undergone radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer between September 2008 and February 2010 at 15 Swedish hospitals completed ...
Feldman N - - 2012
The natural history of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC KP) carriage is unknown. We aimed to examine the duration of KPC KP carriage following hospital discharge and to study the risk factors for persistent carriage. A cohort of 125 KPC KP carriers was followed monthly for between 3 and 6 months after ...
Thomale Ulrich-W - - 2012
OBJECT: Overdrainage is a chronic complication in shunted pediatric patients with hydrocephalus. The use of adjustability of differential pressure (DP) valves in combination with antisiphoning devices may help to overcome this sequela and may diminish the rate of possible shunt failures. The purpose of this retrospective study is to report ...
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