Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1958
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Pelt Christopher E - - 2013
The optimal method of fixation in total knee arthroplasty is still debated. Hybrid total knee arthroplasty (TKA), with cemented tibial and cementless femoral components, is a proposed method of fixation to improve outcomes. Although several studies have shown favorable outcomes, there is still lack of consensus in the literature. We ...
Tan Tanny Sharman P - - 2013
The Ross procedure in children carries substantial mortality and reoperation rate. Aortic root dilatation is of concern. To prevent dilatation of the neoaortic root, but permit normal growth, we began to apply an absorbable poly-(p-dioxanone)-filaments (PDS) band at the sino-tubular (ST)-junction. All children (n=100) who underwent Ross procedure during 1995-2012 ...
Trizzino Marco M Affiliation: unknown; Email: - - 2013
 1)Page 6: Fig. 2a depictsHydraena solarii habitus, and NOT Hydraena bensae.2)Page 11:Hydraena septentrionalis Pretner 1931 is synonym of Hydraena saga and NOT of Hydraena alpicola.3)Page 12:Hydraena crassipes Mulsant 1844 is synonym of Hydraena dentipes and NOT of Hydraena gracilis.4)Page 12: The correct name isH. excisa ssp. exclusa d'Orchymont 1931 and ...
Phan Jennifer - - 2013
As peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the preferred long-term dialysis modality in the pediatric population, we sought to identify risk factors for mortality and reoperation. A retrospective review of patients undergoing PD catheter insertions at a single center from 1994-2009 was performed. The following variables were evaluated: age (<1year), comorbidities, omentectomy, ...
Kurian Ashwin A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES To review transabdominal esophagocardiomyotomy (surgical treatment of achalasia) of the esophagus and to compare outcomes of partial anterior vs partial posterior fundoplication. DATA SOURCES An electronic search was conducted among studies published between January 1976 and September 2011 using the keywords achalasia, myotomy, antireflux surgery, and fundoplication. STUDY SELECTION ...
Awasthi Shally - - 2013
To determine primarily (1) the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among ventilated patients aged 1 month to 12 years and secondarily (2) the risk factors for VAP and (3) common organisms causing VAP. Prospective study in a tertiary care center in India. Consecutive ventilated patients aged ≥1 month and ≤12 ...
Sfoungaristos Stavros - - 2013
Purpose. To investigate the effect of preventing maximal urethral length until the level of verumontanum during radical prostatectomy on both oncologic and functional outcomes. Patients and Methods. We recruited 329 patients, and they underwent an open radical prostatectomy by a single surgeon. The study cohort was randomized in 2 groups. ...
Wang Yanbo - - 2013
Objective: To perform a prospective randomized trial comparing the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the prone and modified supine positions. Methods: Between August 2010 and August 2011, 102 patients with renal calculi and 20 patients with ureteral calculi were randomized to undergo fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guided PCNL procedures ...
Frank Rachel M RM Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1611 West Harrison Street, Suite 300, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2013
Background. The purpose of this study was to report on any prognostic factors that had a significant effect on clinical outcomes following arthroscopic Type II SLAP repairs. Methods. Consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic Type II SLAP repair were retrospectively identified and invited to return for follow-up examination and questionnaire. Statistical ...
Nagi Kundandeep S - - 2013
Purpose. Tube-related exposure is a known complication of glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery. Our objective is to report the early (approximately 1 year) tube exposure rate of implants covered with a keraSys (IOP Inc., Costa Mesa, CA, USA) tissue reinforcement graft. Patients and Methods. A retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series ...
Nakayama Kazunori K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan ; Shigei Medical Research Hospital, Okayama, - - 2013
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the common complications in dialysis patients, and is associated with increased risk of vascular calcification. The effects of cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment on bone and mineral metabolism have been previously reported, but the benefit of cinacalcet on vascular calcification remains uncertain. The aim of this ...
Sobhy Tamer S - - 2013
Background. Intranasal steroid provides an efficient nonsurgical alternative to adenoidectomy for theimprovement of adenoid nasal obstruction. Objective. To demonstrate the role of intranasal steroid in the prevention of adenoid regrowth after adenoidectomy. Methods. Prospective randomized controlled study. Two hundred children after adenoidectomy were divided into 2 groups. Group I received ...
Goldaracena Nicolás N Liver Surgery and Transplantation Unit, Hospital Alemán of Buenos Aires, Avenue Pueyrredón 1640, 1118AAAT Buenos Aires, - - 2013
Background. Significant amounts of red blood cells (RBCs) transfusions are associated with poor outcome after liver transplantation (LT). We report our series of LT without perioperative RBC (P-RBC) transfusions to evaluate its influence on early and long-term outcomes following LT. Methods. A consecutive series of LT between 2006 and 2011 ...
Aimoto Takayuki T Department of Surgery, Nippon Medical - - 2013
Background: In most cases of pancreatic head cancer, surgery often results in noncurative resection, which is frequently related to inadequate clearance of the mesopancreas. Purpose: The aim of this report is to introduce the surgical technique of left posterior approach pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with total mesopancreas excision and circumferential lymphadenectomy around ...
Epstein Andrew J AJ Department of Veterans Affairs' Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3900 Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
To assess the association between obstetricians' years of experience after training and the maternal complications of their patients during their first 40 years of post-residency practice. Retrospective cohort analysis. Obstetrical discharges from acute care hospitals in Florida and New York between academic years 1992 and 2009. 6,704,311 deliveries performed by ...
Ghaheri Hafez H Department of Vascular Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
This study was performed to compare the outcome and complications of axillobrachial and femorofemoral graft as upper and lower limb arteriovenous shunt prostheses. In a prospective cohort study, we observed and followed-up all cases with a new insertion of ePTFE between February 2006 and February 2009. Assessment of patency and ...
Thienpont Emmanuel - - 2012
PURPOSE: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase biomarker responding to surgical trauma. Typically, a first peak is observed at day 2 with a reduction at day 4 and normalization 3-6 weeks after surgery. CRP is often linked to prosthetic joint infection when elevated values are present longer time after surgery. The ...
Kuehhas F E - - 2012
Objective: Evaluation of the true incidence of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) among boys younger than 10 years. Methods: In a period of 13 months, 75 boys younger than 10 years were treated for phimosis. Suspicion of BXO was raised in phimosis grade 2 or 3 (classification by Kikiros). Patients were ...
López-Otero Diego - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To determine the prognostic value of pro B-type natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) to predict mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Logistic EuroSCORE (LES) overestimates observed mortality after TAVI. A new risk score specific to TAVI is needed to accurately assess mortality and outcome. METHODS: Eighty-five patients were included. Indications ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2012
Objective: N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is one of the biomarkers, increased by myocardial ischemia or subsequent, burdened wall stress. The aim of this study was to assess if NT-pro-BNP can predict the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Methods: NT-pro-BNP was measured preoperatively ...
Bagga Deepak - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify the predictive factors for successful vessel-intact laparoscopic orchiopexy (VILO) for nonpalpable intra-abdominal testes (NPIT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 boys with 28 NPITs within 2 cm of the internal ring underwent VILO. They were divided into two groups based upon outcome, for statistical comparison. Group A (successful VILO): patients ...
Van Heest Ann E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of patients who underwent dorsal carpal wedge osteotomy (DCWO) for the treatment of wrist flexion deformities causing functional limitations resulting from arthrogryposis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of consecutive patients treated with DCWO between 1996 and 2009 by a single surgeon. Follow-up of ...
Sun Yu-Jiao - - 2013
This study assessed the relationship between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels on admission and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (ASTEMI). Patients with ASTEMI who had a lipid profile tested within 24 hours of symptom onset were enrolled. They were stratified ...
Oswari Hanifah - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the significance of total bilirubin, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) for predicting outcome in sepsis-associated cholestasis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort review of the hospital records was performed in 181 neonates admitted to the Neonatal Care Unit. A comparison ...
Wanty Catherine - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: The management of esophageal varices (EV) in children suffering from biliary atresia (BA) remains controversial. Recent studies in children proposed initiating a prophylactic treatment in patients with severe (Grade III) EV and/or EV associated with red color signs. Our study was aimed at assessing the risk of bleeding from ...
Kang Seok Hui - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the nutritional status changes and residual renal function (RRF) according to proteinuria levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: A total of 388 patients on PD were enrolled. The patients were divided into 3 groups with respect to initial proteinuria: the A ...
Mahamid Mahmud - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: the etiology and pathogenesis of PFAPA is still unknown, the rapid response to corticosteroids treatment suggested an immune mechanism. The role of vitamin D in the development of immune mediated diseases is widely investigated. In this study we aimed to look for possible association between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D ...
Foulongne E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-term results of decompressive laminectomy in degenerative lumbar stenosis have been studied in only six prospective studies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the functional outcome at long term of patients after decompressive laminectomy in lumbar stenosis and to determine predictive factors of favorable outcome. ...
Lim Sun Min - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be technically demanding and requires great attention to detail and prolonged concentration. We assumed that clinical outcomes of ESDs may be affected by cumulative time, and we aimed to compare complete resection rates and adverse events according to cumulative ESD time. METHODS: This study ...
Elbasan Zafer - - 2012
Background: There is growing evidence that aortic distensibility (AD) is a subclinical marker of early atherosclerosis. Aortic intima-media thickness (IMT) was an earlier marker than carotid IMT of preclinical atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between thoracic aortic IMT and AD. Methods: We studied 192 patients ...
Dhandapani Sivashanmugam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Elective temporary clipping (ETC) is increasingly used in surgery for aneurysms. This study was to assess whether the impact of ETC on intraoperative aneurysmal rupture (IAR) translates into neurological outcome. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms were prospectively studied for various factors related to ETC, ...
Arıbaş Alpay - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: High neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with post-operative AF development in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. In this study, effectiveness of NLR for prediction of recurrence after electrical cardioversion (CV) in non-valvular AF was investigated. METHODS: A total of 149 patients who underwent a successful CV were included ...
Balke Maurice - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the morphology of the acromion in calcific tendinitis differs from controls without subacromial pathology and matches subacromial impingement. METHODS: Digital radiographs of 150 shoulders were evaluated with the open source DICOM-Viewer OsiriX. 50 patients had symptomatic calcific tendinitis of the ...
Wren Tishya A L - - 2012
This study examined the impact of gait analysis on surgical outcomes in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) through a randomized controlled trial. 156 children with CP (94 male; age 10.2±3.7 years) underwent gait analysis and were randomized to two groups: Gait Report group (N=83), where the referring surgeon received ...
Orasan Remus Aurel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study of online hemodiafiltration (HDF) benefits over high-flux hemodialysis (HD) raises great interest. The purpose was to compare clinical and laboratory parameters in patients treated with HD who were switched to HDF. METHODS: Forty-eight HD patients (study group) were switched to HDF, while other 521 patients remained on ...
Funck-Brentano Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the ability of ultrasonography (US) to predict radiographic damage in early arthritis. METHODS: ESPOIR is a multicentric cohort of early arthritis (i.e. ò 2 swollen joints between 6 weeks and 6 months). US synovitis in B mode and power Doppler (PD) and erosions were ...
Yoo Jun Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE:Inferior oblique (IO) myectomy can result in self-adjustment; the greater the preoperative hyperdeviation, the larger the postoperative correction. This study estimated the effect of IO recession in primary position and in contralateral gaze. METHODS:Records of 43 patients with IO muscle overaction associated with congenital unilateral superior oblique palsy were reviewed ...
Webb Nicholas J A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A previous subgroup analysis of a 12-week, double-blind study demonstrated that losartan significantly lowered proteinuria versus placebo and amlodipine and was well tolerated in children (1-17 years old) with proteinuria secondary to Alport syndrome. The present subgroup analysis of the open-label, extension phase of this study assessed the long-term efficacy ...
Tandon Anika - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To perform a meta-analysis on postkeratoplasty glaucoma and directly compare the affect of trabeculectomy, cyclophotocoagulation (CPC), and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) on intraocular pressure (IOP) control and corneal graft survival. METHODS:: We searched Medline (Ovid, PubMed), EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library databases for clinical articles that maintained our inclusion ...
Kwon Steve S Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2012
This prospective cohort study sought to identify predictors of functional decline in patients aged 65 years or older who underwent major, nonemergent abdominal or thoracic surgery in our tertiary hospital from 2006 to 2008. We used the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) to evaluate functional decline; a 0.1 or ...
Somfai T - - 2012
We compared the feasibility of ethylene glycol (EG) and propylene glycol (PG) for the vitrification of immature porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC). Porcine COC collected from 3- to 6-mm follicles of slaughterhouse-derived ovaries were subjected to solid-surface vitrification (Somfai et al. 2010 Theriogenology 73, 147-156) either in 35% (v/v) EG or ...
Ciftci Ceylan F - - 2012
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known to be related with increased metabolic and cardiovascular risks. Various phenotypic subgroups of PCOS have been proven to have metabolic and endocrine disorders with varying degrees of severity However, intra-renal vascular resistance, which is an indirect indication of atherosclerosis, remains unknown in PCOS ...
Barnoiu Ovidiu-Spiru - - 2012
Objectives: Urinary incontinence (UI) still remains one of the major functional complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). As the cause for UI is multifactorial, it is quite difficult to make a prediction preoperatively. Considering intraoperative and postoperative risk factors, besides the preoperative ones, we designed an incontinence prediction model, administered ...
Cooper Jeffrey L JL Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, - - 2013
This study was designed to assess the relative importance of Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) secretion to mucociliary transport rate (MCT) in ex vivo porcine tracheas. MCT was measured in one group of tissues that was exposed to adventitial HCO(3)(-)-free solution while a parallel group was exposed to adventitial HCO(3)(-)-replete solution. After ...
Díez Manuel - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between preoperative serum levels of vitamin D and postoperative hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 113 patients treated by total thyroidectomy due to benign disease. Preoperative vitamin D serum levels and ...
Cho Sung Yong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To understand the nature and long-term fate of supranormal differential renal function (snDRF), analysis of a post-pyeloplasty database was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) diuretic renal scans (DRS) identified 33 children with snDRF (>55%). Postoperatively, all showed improved hydronephrosis in ultrasound imaging or normalized drainage pattern ...
Une Dai - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Graft Imaging to Improve Patency (GRIIP), a single-center, randomized blinded clinical trial, reported that intraoperative graft assessment with graft revision according to a priori criteria of transit time flowmetry (TTF) and intraoperative fluorescent angiography did not improve graft patency at one year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) when ...
Qi Xingshun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The effects of antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC) and protein S (PS) on the pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in liver cirrhosis remain controversial in different studies. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine this issue were performed. METHODS:: PubMed database was employed to identify ...
Walstra Frances E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sprengel's deformity is a congenital anomaly of the shoulder with superior displacement and rotation of the hypoplastic scapula. The functional impairment and misshapen appearance of the shoulder can be minimized with different surgical techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after correction of Sprengel's ...
Wang Shi-Ping - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A lot of methods have been intensively investigated to improve random skin flap survival. Decreasing inflammation and alleviating tissue injury have been reported to be effective in improving survival ratio. Vasonatrin peptide (VNP) is a chimera of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). The current study ...
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