Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1958
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García-Ara Carmen - - 2013
Oral desensitization in children allergic to cow's milk proteins is not risk free. The analysis of factors that may influence the outcome is of utmost importance. To analyze the efficacy and safety of the oral desensitization according to specific IgE (sIgE) level and adverse events during the maintenance phase. Thirty-six ...
Pinto Dr Robin - - 2013
Objective: To report our experience of transcatheter closure (TCC) of large atrial septal defects (ASDs) in children using the left atrial disc engagement-disengagement technique (LADEDT). Methods: This is a retrospective study comprising 21 children diagnosed with large secundum ASDs. All of them had an attempt at TCC with the Amplatzer ...
Gensicke Henrik - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Data on long-term outcome after IV thrombolysis (IVT) are sparse. Our goals were to 1) estimate annual survival, and 2) evaluate determinants for an unfavorable long-term outcome after IVT for stroke. METHODS: This observational study is based on the IVT registry of the University Hospital Basel. A structured telephone ...
Chen Jeng-Sheng - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between climatic variables and testicular torsion in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, we reviewed the files of patients diagnosed with testicular torsion and given an orchiectomy or orchiopexy from January 1996 through December 2009. Children < 1 year old were ...
Simons Jessica P JP Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass 01655, - - 2013
The largest randomized controlled trial that compared the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with carotid artery stenting (CAS) showed equivalent outcomes for the composite end point of postoperative stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death. However, CAS had a higher risk of postoperative stroke, and CEA had a higher risk of ...
Chirouze C - - 2013
Enterococci are reportedly the third most common group of endocarditis-causing pathogens but data on enterococcal infective endocarditis (IE) are limited. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics and prognostic factors of enterococcal IE within the International Collaboration on Endocarditis. In this multicentre, prospective observational cohort study of ...
Lee Su Na SN Department of Ophthalmology, Jacobs Retina Center at Shiley Eye Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
To characterize microaneurysm closure following focal laser photocoagulation in diabetic macular edema (DME) using simultaneous fluorescein angiography (FA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Retrospective observational case series. Leaking microaneurysms (n = 123) were analyzed in eyes (n = 29) with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) that underwent navigated focal laser ...
Álvarez Estévez Marta M Microbiology Service, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, - - 2013
After 1 year of follow-up, patients on HAART with a baseline viral load (VL) of <20 copies/ml showed significantly lower odds of virological rebound to two consecutive VLs of >50 copies/ml than those with baseline VLs of 20 to 39 and 40 to 49 (P < 0.001). The time to ...
Maruyama Hitoshi H Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan. - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate predictive factors and long-term outcomes of de novo portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhosis. The incidence and factors predictive of PVT (diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound) and prognosis were examined in 150 patients with virus-related cirrhosis but without PVT at baseline. PVT developed ...
Kumar Santhosh S Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, MCODS, Manipal University , Manipal-576104, India - - 2013
A comparative evaluation of the gingival depigmentation by using Tetrafluoroethane cryosurgery and the gingival abrasion technique - 2 years of follow up. Ten systemically healthy patients who were aged 18 to 36 years were selected for the study. Tetrafluoroethane was used for the cryosurgical depigmentation and the gingival abrasion technique ...
Liebermann Laura L Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
To compare long-term postoperative outcomes when performing an adjustment to achieve a desired immediate postoperative alignment versus simply tying off at the desired immediate postoperative alignment, when using adjustable sutures for strabismus surgery. We retrospectively identified 89 consecutive patients who underwent a reoperation for horizontal strabismus with the use of ...
Lim Jae Kwan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of spinopelvic parameters between degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSPL) and isthmic spondylolisthesis (ISPL) patients. Thirty-four patients with DSPL and 19 patients with ISPL were included in this study. Spinopelvic parameters were evaluated on whole spine X-rays in a standing position. The following ...
G Yegin Ender - - 2013
To retrospectively analyze disease activity and damage-associated factors in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Turkey. A retrospective analysis was carried out in 21 GPA patients. Assessments for activity were performed with the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for GPA (BVAS/GPA) and for permanent organ damage by the Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI). ...
Zehrer Cindy L - - 2013
This study compared moisture vapour transmission rate (MVTR) and wear time or fluid-handling capacities of six adhesive foam dressings to a reformulated control dressing. Standardised in vitro MVTR methodology and a previously published in vivo artificial wound model (AWM) were used. Mean inverted MVTR for the reformulated dressing was 12 750 g/m(2) ...
Duplisea Jon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was twofold. Firstly, to calculate compliance rate, and secondly, to determine which 'population' of men is more/less likely to follow-up with semen analysis based on demographic information and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 946 consecutive ambulatory clinic vasectomies performed by ...
van Tuyl Lilian H D LH Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, , Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the difference between chronological and random sequence reading in a series of radiographs with 11 years' follow-up. In addition, the influence of the starting point and length of series was evaluated. Two experienced readers independently and repeatedly scored digitised radiographs of 62 patients at time points 0, 2, ...
Claessen K M J A - - 2013
Arthropathy is an invalidating complication of acromegaly. This arthropathy deteriorates radiographically despite long-term disease control. However, the clinical course and its relationship to the radiographic course are currently unknown. We aimed to investigate the clinical course of arthropathy during follow-up and its relationship to radiographic progression in long-term controlled acromegaly ...
Appelboom Geoffrey G Department of Neurological Surgery, The Neurological Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2013
It is still unknown whether subsequent perihaematomal oedema (PHE) formation further increases the odds of an unfavourable outcome. Demographic, clinical, radiographic and outcome data were prospectively collected in a single large academic centre. A multiple logistic regression model was then developed to determine the effect of admission oedema volume on ...
Krupic Ferid - - 2013
Total Hip Replacement (THA) is one of the most successful and cost-effective operations. Despite its benefits, marked ethnic differences in the utilization of THA are well documented. However, very little has been published on the influence of ethnicity on outcome. We investigate whether the outcome-in terms of reoperation within 2 ...
Andersson Ola - - 2013
AIM: To investigate the effect that delayed and early umbilical cord clamping have on neurodevelopment, immunoglobulin G and symptoms of infection during the first four months of life. METHODS: Full-term infants (n=382) were randomised to delayed (≥ 180 seconds) or early cord clamping (≤ 10 seconds). The Ages and Stages ...
Ad Niv - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Observational studies identified increased age, left atrial (LA) size, type and duration of atrial fibrillation (AF) as independent predictors for failure of AF surgical ablation. Rhythm at discharge following the Cox maze (CM) procedure for AF was never considered a significant predictor of success. The purposes of this study ...
Moosang Kim - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate frequency and severity of segmentation errors of two spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) devices and error effect on central macular thickness (CMT) measurements. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven eyes of 25 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration, examined using the Cirrus HD-OCT and Spectralis HRA + OCT, were ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To explore the predictive factors of cardiorespiratory abnormality in nonsedated patients at high altitude (HA) during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). METHODS: The pulse and saturated oxygen (SaO(2)) levels of 993 patients undergoing nonsedated UGIE in Tibet were monitored. Bivariate correlation and logistic regression were used to identify predictive risk ...
Patel Sudi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of age and the corneal stromal refractive index on the difference between the predicted and actual postoperative refractive error after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and whether the precision of outcomes could be improved by considering age and the refractive index. SETTING: Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico ...
Volbers Bastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Additional intraventricular hemorrhage leads to higher mortality and worse functional outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is an emerging treatment strategy for such patients. However, experimental studies suggest that rtPA may exert proedematous effects and lead to increased perihemorrhagic ...
Denard Patrick J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the mid- to long-term functional outcome and implant survival of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in adults aged 55 years or younger with primary glenohumeral arthritis. The hypothesis was that TSA would lead to improvement in functional outcome but that implant survival ...
Heikinheimo Terttu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the associated factors and correlation of leucocyte count to outcome in young adults with first-ever ischaemic stroke. AIMS: Our objectives were to investigate factors associated with elevated leucocyte count and whether there is correlation between leucocyte count and short- and long-term outcomes. METHODS: Of our ...
Sönmezer Murat - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hemostatic matrix (HM) and electrosurgical bipolar coagulation (EBC) on ovarian reserve in patients undergoing endometrioma surgery. METHODS: Thirty patients with single ovarian endometrioma ≥4 cm were randomized to two groups. Ovarian reserve after laparoscopic excision of endometrioma was assessed by serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH); preoperatively ...
Ravindranath Kapu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand the epidemiology, clinical features, behavior, and the prognostic factors that influence the outcome of intracranial meningiomas in children. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with age less than 18 years who underwent surgery for intracranial meningiomas during the period of at 1988-2012 at Voluntary Health ...
Lomenick Jefferson P JP Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-9170, USA. - - 2013
Clinicians who prescribe levothyroxine (LT4) for hypothyroidism often feel strongly about using a brand-name drug instead of a generic. The objective of the study was to determine whether Synthroid resulted in better control of congenital hypothyroidism than generic LT4. This was a 5-year retrospective study. The study was conducted at ...
Liu Shuang - - 2013
Cryoprecipitate is largely used for acquired hypofibrinogenemia in the setting of massive hemorrhage in liver transplantation (LT). However, the influence of intraoperative cryoprecipitate transfusion on biliary complications (BC) after LT has not been studied in detail. In a series of 356 adult patients who received their first LT, the causes ...
Sertoz Nezih N Ege University, School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of deficiencies in glucose regulation on the onset, regression, and block performance times in a group of patients with diabetes-related foot problems. Forty-eight patients with American Society of Anesthetists physical status 2-4 undergoing foot and ankle surgery with a ...
Jeong Dong Seop - - 2013
The impact of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) on clinical outcomes following aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains controversial. The study aim was to evaluate the impact of PPM on long-term clinical outcomes following AVR. Between January 1987 and September 2007, a total of 198 consecutive patients (mean age 59.6 +/- 10.5 years; ...
Lopez Pereira P P Paediatric Urology, University Hospital La Paz , Madrid , - - 2013
Studies evaluating renal transplant (RT) outcome in children who underwent an augmentation cystoplasty (AC) are contradictory and the current knowledge is based on studies with a limited number of patients. The aim of this study is to compare RT outcome between children who underwent AC and those without augmentation. A ...
Helito Camilo Partezani CP Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
To evaluate whether hemostasis with eletrocauterization in comparison with Floseal((r)) leads to different bleeding rates during total knee arthroplasty. A COMPARATIVE STUDY WAS PERFORMED BETWEEN TWO GROUPS: group with ten consecutive total knee arthroplasties with Floseal((r)) used as hemostatic method and control group with ten consecutive total knee arthroplasties with ...
Kadioğlu Hüseyin H General Surgery Department, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University Hospital, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı Vatan Caddesi, 34093 Fatih, İstanbul, - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the predictive effect of IMA in incarcerated hernias. Methods. Three groups (n = 7) of rats were operated. Group I aimed to mimic incarceration, group II aimed the strangulation, and group III was the sham group. IMA and LDH measurements were made. Results. IMA levels were significantly ...
Zasada Magdalena M Department of Pediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. - - 2013
Kawasaki disease is the number one cause of acquired heart disease among children in developed countries. The aim of the study was a retrospective analysis of the factors that may influence the persistence of coronary artery abnormalities in patients with Kawasaki disease. Analyzing the medical records of patients hospitalized in ...
Rahme Ralph - - 2013
Posthemorrhagic cerebral vasospasm (PHCV) is a common problem and a significant cause of mortality and permanent disability following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. While medical therapy remains the mainstay of prevention against PHCV and the first-line treatment for symptomatic patients, endovascular options should not be delayed in medically refractory cases. Although both ...
Mazzone Elena Stacy ES Department of Paediatric Neurology, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2013
The aim of the study was i) to assess the spectrum of changes over 24 months in ambulant boys affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy, ii) to establish the difference between the first and the second year results and iii) to identify possible early markers of loss of ambulation. One hundred ...
Chang Tiffany R TR Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 Birmingham, England ; Health Services and Outcomes Research Center for Outcome, Effectiveness Research and Education (COERE), Birmingham, - - 2013
Examine the relationship between anemia and outcomes from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Patients admitted with spontaneous ICH between July 2008 and December 2010 were identified from our prospective stroke registry. Patients were divided into two groups based on admission hemoglobin (low vs. normal based on laboratory reference range for gender). Baseline ...
Mont Michael A - - 2013
Cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty has had high success rates but does not always have optimal functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare 2 polyethylene inserts of varying constraint that were used in a new cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty design to determine whether differences were found in clinical ...
Hu D Y - - 2013
The purpose of this six-month study was to assess the ability of a new dentifrice containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound, and 1450 ppm fluoride, as sodium monofluorophosphate, to arrest and reverse primary root caries lesions in adults. Three test groups used dentifrices which contained either: 1) 1.5% arginine ...
Morii Joji - - 2013
Objective We compared the efficacies of irbesartan and olmesartan after successful stent implantation in patients with stable angina. Methods Twenty-six patients were randomly divided into irbesartan and olmesartan groups and treated for approximately eight months (at follow-up coronary angiography). Results There were no differences in blood pressure (BP) reduction or ...
Chen Jing - - 2013
To compare transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) levels in tears and the degree of corneal haze formation following epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (Epi-LASIK) with and without the use of mitomycin C (MMC) and to investigate the effect of MMC on corneal wound healing. Thirty-two patients (64 eyes) with high myopia ...
Li Yue Y Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Division of Health Policy and Outcomes Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2013
: To determine the effect of postoperative length of stay (LOS) on 30-day readmission after coronary artery bypass surgery. : We analyzed a final database consisting of Medicare claims of a cohort (N=157,070) of all fee-for-service beneficiaries undergoing bypass surgery during 2007-2008, the American Hospital Association annual survey file, and ...
Yin W W State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of a new dentifrice containing arginine, an insoluble calcium compound, and fluoride to arrest or reverse naturally occurring buccal caries lesions measured using Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF). Three study groups used dentifrices which contained 1) 1.5% arginine and 1450 ppm ...
Sattayut Sajee S Lasers in Dentistry Research Group, Khon Kaen University, - - 2013
Although there are some studies reporting the benefits of using laser to improve wound closure, there were a few studies in a model of oral mucosa. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare immediate tensile strength of the wound closure between suture alone and suture combined with ...
Bouaicha Samy - - 2013
Background. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful surrogate marker for the differentiation of postoperative infection and unspecific inflammatory reaction after surgery. It is known that postoperative course of the PCT serum level varies with type of surgery. No data exists about the postoperative course of serum PCT levels after primary total ...
Hernández-Leiva Edgar - - 2013
Risk stratification in cardiac surgery significantly impacts outcome. This study seeks to define whether there is an independent association between the preoperative serum level of hemoglobin (Hb), leukocyte count (LEUCO), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), or B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and postoperative morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery. Prospective, analytic ...
Tao Dan-Ying DY Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to determine the cariostatic potential of a chewing gum containing tea polyphenol. A total of 157 schoolchildren aged 8-9 years were randomly allocated into three groups. Two groups received chewing gum with or without tea polyphenol. A third group did not receive any chewing ...
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