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Results 451 - 500 of 1951
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Chirouze C - - 2013
Enterococci are reportedly the third most common group of endocarditis-causing pathogens but data on enterococcal infective endocarditis (IE) are limited. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics and prognostic factors of enterococcal IE within the International Collaboration on Endocarditis. In this multicentre, prospective observational cohort study of ...
Álvarez Estévez Marta M Microbiology Service, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, - - 2013
After 1 year of follow-up, patients on HAART with a baseline viral load (VL) of <20 copies/ml showed significantly lower odds of virological rebound to two consecutive VLs of >50 copies/ml than those with baseline VLs of 20 to 39 and 40 to 49 (P < 0.001). The time to ...
Lee Su Na SN Department of Ophthalmology, Jacobs Retina Center at Shiley Eye Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
To characterize microaneurysm closure following focal laser photocoagulation in diabetic macular edema (DME) using simultaneous fluorescein angiography (FA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Retrospective observational case series. Leaking microaneurysms (n = 123) were analyzed in eyes (n = 29) with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) that underwent navigated focal laser ...
Maruyama Hitoshi H Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan. - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate predictive factors and long-term outcomes of de novo portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhosis. The incidence and factors predictive of PVT (diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound) and prognosis were examined in 150 patients with virus-related cirrhosis but without PVT at baseline. PVT developed ...
G Yegin Ender - - 2013
To retrospectively analyze disease activity and damage-associated factors in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Turkey. A retrospective analysis was carried out in 21 GPA patients. Assessments for activity were performed with the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for GPA (BVAS/GPA) and for permanent organ damage by the Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI). ...
Lim Jae Kwan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of spinopelvic parameters between degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSPL) and isthmic spondylolisthesis (ISPL) patients. Thirty-four patients with DSPL and 19 patients with ISPL were included in this study. Spinopelvic parameters were evaluated on whole spine X-rays in a standing position. The following ...
Liebermann Laura L Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
To compare long-term postoperative outcomes when performing an adjustment to achieve a desired immediate postoperative alignment versus simply tying off at the desired immediate postoperative alignment, when using adjustable sutures for strabismus surgery. We retrospectively identified 89 consecutive patients who underwent a reoperation for horizontal strabismus with the use of ...
Kumar Santhosh S Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, MCODS, Manipal University , Manipal-576104, India - - 2013
A comparative evaluation of the gingival depigmentation by using Tetrafluoroethane cryosurgery and the gingival abrasion technique - 2 years of follow up. Ten systemically healthy patients who were aged 18 to 36 years were selected for the study. Tetrafluoroethane was used for the cryosurgical depigmentation and the gingival abrasion technique ...
Zehrer Cindy L - - 2013
This study compared moisture vapour transmission rate (MVTR) and wear time or fluid-handling capacities of six adhesive foam dressings to a reformulated control dressing. Standardised in vitro MVTR methodology and a previously published in vivo artificial wound model (AWM) were used. Mean inverted MVTR for the reformulated dressing was 12 750 g/m(2) ...
Duplisea Jon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was twofold. Firstly, to calculate compliance rate, and secondly, to determine which 'population' of men is more/less likely to follow-up with semen analysis based on demographic information and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 946 consecutive ambulatory clinic vasectomies performed by ...
Claessen K M J A - - 2013
Arthropathy is an invalidating complication of acromegaly. This arthropathy deteriorates radiographically despite long-term disease control. However, the clinical course and its relationship to the radiographic course are currently unknown. We aimed to investigate the clinical course of arthropathy during follow-up and its relationship to radiographic progression in long-term controlled acromegaly ...
van Tuyl Lilian H D LH Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, , Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate the difference between chronological and random sequence reading in a series of radiographs with 11 years' follow-up. In addition, the influence of the starting point and length of series was evaluated. Two experienced readers independently and repeatedly scored digitised radiographs of 62 patients at time points 0, 2, ...
Appelboom Geoffrey - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: It is still unknown whether subsequent perihaematomal oedema (PHE) formation further increases the odds of an unfavourable outcome. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, radiographic and outcome data were prospectively collected in a single large academic centre. A multiple logistic regression model was then developed to determine the effect of admission oedema ...
Krupic Ferid - - 2013
Total Hip Replacement (THA) is one of the most successful and cost-effective operations. Despite its benefits, marked ethnic differences in the utilization of THA are well documented. However, very little has been published on the influence of ethnicity on outcome. We investigate whether the outcome-in terms of reoperation within 2 ...
Andersson Ola - - 2013
AIM: To investigate the effect that delayed and early umbilical cord clamping have on neurodevelopment, immunoglobulin G and symptoms of infection during the first four months of life. METHODS: Full-term infants (n=382) were randomised to delayed (≥ 180 seconds) or early cord clamping (≤ 10 seconds). The Ages and Stages ...
Ad Niv - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Observational studies identified increased age, left atrial (LA) size, type and duration of atrial fibrillation (AF) as independent predictors for failure of AF surgical ablation. Rhythm at discharge following the Cox maze (CM) procedure for AF was never considered a significant predictor of success. The purposes of this study ...
Moosang Kim - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate frequency and severity of segmentation errors of two spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) devices and error effect on central macular thickness (CMT) measurements. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven eyes of 25 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration, examined using the Cirrus HD-OCT and Spectralis HRA + OCT, were ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To explore the predictive factors of cardiorespiratory abnormality in nonsedated patients at high altitude (HA) during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). METHODS: The pulse and saturated oxygen (SaO(2)) levels of 993 patients undergoing nonsedated UGIE in Tibet were monitored. Bivariate correlation and logistic regression were used to identify predictive risk ...
Patel Sudi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of age and the corneal stromal refractive index on the difference between the predicted and actual postoperative refractive error after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and whether the precision of outcomes could be improved by considering age and the refractive index. SETTING: Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico ...
Volbers Bastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Additional intraventricular hemorrhage leads to higher mortality and worse functional outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is an emerging treatment strategy for such patients. However, experimental studies suggest that rtPA may exert proedematous effects and lead to increased perihemorrhagic ...
Denard Patrick J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the mid- to long-term functional outcome and implant survival of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in adults aged 55 years or younger with primary glenohumeral arthritis. The hypothesis was that TSA would lead to improvement in functional outcome but that implant survival ...
Heikinheimo Terttu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the associated factors and correlation of leucocyte count to outcome in young adults with first-ever ischaemic stroke. AIMS: Our objectives were to investigate factors associated with elevated leucocyte count and whether there is correlation between leucocyte count and short- and long-term outcomes. METHODS: Of our ...
Sönmezer Murat - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hemostatic matrix (HM) and electrosurgical bipolar coagulation (EBC) on ovarian reserve in patients undergoing endometrioma surgery. METHODS: Thirty patients with single ovarian endometrioma ≥4 cm were randomized to two groups. Ovarian reserve after laparoscopic excision of endometrioma was assessed by serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH); preoperatively ...
Ravindranath Kapu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand the epidemiology, clinical features, behavior, and the prognostic factors that influence the outcome of intracranial meningiomas in children. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with age less than 18 years who underwent surgery for intracranial meningiomas during the period of at 1988-2012 at Voluntary Health ...
Lomenick Jefferson P JP Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-9170, USA. - - 2013
Clinicians who prescribe levothyroxine (LT4) for hypothyroidism often feel strongly about using a brand-name drug instead of a generic. The objective of the study was to determine whether Synthroid resulted in better control of congenital hypothyroidism than generic LT4. This was a 5-year retrospective study. The study was conducted at ...
Jeong Dong Seop - - 2013
The impact of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) on clinical outcomes following aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains controversial. The study aim was to evaluate the impact of PPM on long-term clinical outcomes following AVR. Between January 1987 and September 2007, a total of 198 consecutive patients (mean age 59.6 +/- 10.5 years; ...
Rahme Ralph - - 2013
Posthemorrhagic cerebral vasospasm (PHCV) is a common problem and a significant cause of mortality and permanent disability following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. While medical therapy remains the mainstay of prevention against PHCV and the first-line treatment for symptomatic patients, endovascular options should not be delayed in medically refractory cases. Although both ...
Morii Joji - - 2013
Objective We compared the efficacies of irbesartan and olmesartan after successful stent implantation in patients with stable angina. Methods Twenty-six patients were randomly divided into irbesartan and olmesartan groups and treated for approximately eight months (at follow-up coronary angiography). Results There were no differences in blood pressure (BP) reduction or ...
Awasthi Shally - - 2013
To determine primarily (1) the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among ventilated patients aged 1 month to 12 years and secondarily (2) the risk factors for VAP and (3) common organisms causing VAP. Prospective study in a tertiary care center in India. Consecutive ventilated patients aged ≥1 month and ≤12 ...
Nagi Kundandeep S - - 2013
Purpose. Tube-related exposure is a known complication of glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery. Our objective is to report the early (approximately 1 year) tube exposure rate of implants covered with a keraSys (IOP Inc., Costa Mesa, CA, USA) tissue reinforcement graft. Patients and Methods. A retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series ...
Phan Jennifer - - 2013
As peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the preferred long-term dialysis modality in the pediatric population, we sought to identify risk factors for mortality and reoperation. A retrospective review of patients undergoing PD catheter insertions at a single center from 1994-2009 was performed. The following variables were evaluated: age (<1year), comorbidities, omentectomy, ...
Kurian Ashwin A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES To review transabdominal esophagocardiomyotomy (surgical treatment of achalasia) of the esophagus and to compare outcomes of partial anterior vs partial posterior fundoplication. DATA SOURCES An electronic search was conducted among studies published between January 1976 and September 2011 using the keywords achalasia, myotomy, antireflux surgery, and fundoplication. STUDY SELECTION ...
Mont Michael A - - 2013
Cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty has had high success rates but does not always have optimal functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare 2 polyethylene inserts of varying constraint that were used in a new cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty design to determine whether differences were found in clinical ...
Tan Tanny Sharman P - - 2013
The Ross procedure in children carries substantial mortality and reoperation rate. Aortic root dilatation is of concern. To prevent dilatation of the neoaortic root, but permit normal growth, we began to apply an absorbable poly-(p-dioxanone)-filaments (PDS) band at the sino-tubular (ST)-junction. All children (n=100) who underwent Ross procedure during 1995-2012 ...
Liu Shuang - - 2013
Cryoprecipitate is largely used for acquired hypofibrinogenemia in the setting of massive hemorrhage in liver transplantation (LT). However, the influence of intraoperative cryoprecipitate transfusion on biliary complications (BC) after LT has not been studied in detail. In a series of 356 adult patients who received their first LT, the causes ...
Bouaicha Samy - - 2013
Background. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful surrogate marker for the differentiation of postoperative infection and unspecific inflammatory reaction after surgery. It is known that postoperative course of the PCT serum level varies with type of surgery. No data exists about the postoperative course of serum PCT levels after primary total ...
Chen Jing - - 2013
To compare transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) levels in tears and the degree of corneal haze formation following epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (Epi-LASIK) with and without the use of mitomycin C (MMC) and to investigate the effect of MMC on corneal wound healing. Thirty-two patients (64 eyes) with high myopia ...
Hernández-Leiva Edgar - - 2013
Risk stratification in cardiac surgery significantly impacts outcome. This study seeks to define whether there is an independent association between the preoperative serum level of hemoglobin (Hb), leukocyte count (LEUCO), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), or B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and postoperative morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery. Prospective, analytic ...
Sobhy Tamer S - - 2013
Background. Intranasal steroid provides an efficient nonsurgical alternative to adenoidectomy for theimprovement of adenoid nasal obstruction. Objective. To demonstrate the role of intranasal steroid in the prevention of adenoid regrowth after adenoidectomy. Methods. Prospective randomized controlled study. Two hundred children after adenoidectomy were divided into 2 groups. Group I received ...
Wang Yanbo - - 2013
Objective: To perform a prospective randomized trial comparing the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the prone and modified supine positions. Methods: Between August 2010 and August 2011, 102 patients with renal calculi and 20 patients with ureteral calculi were randomized to undergo fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guided PCNL procedures ...
Hu D Y - - 2013
The purpose of this six-month study was to assess the ability of a new dentifrice containing 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound, and 1450 ppm fluoride, as sodium monofluorophosphate, to arrest and reverse primary root caries lesions in adults. Three test groups used dentifrices which contained either: 1) 1.5% arginine ...
Sfoungaristos Stavros - - 2013
Purpose. To investigate the effect of preventing maximal urethral length until the level of verumontanum during radical prostatectomy on both oncologic and functional outcomes. Patients and Methods. We recruited 329 patients, and they underwent an open radical prostatectomy by a single surgeon. The study cohort was randomized in 2 groups. ...
Pelt Christopher E - - 2013
The optimal method of fixation in total knee arthroplasty is still debated. Hybrid total knee arthroplasty (TKA), with cemented tibial and cementless femoral components, is a proposed method of fixation to improve outcomes. Although several studies have shown favorable outcomes, there is still lack of consensus in the literature. We ...
Frank Rachel M RM Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1611 West Harrison Street, Suite 300, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2013
Background. The purpose of this study was to report on any prognostic factors that had a significant effect on clinical outcomes following arthroscopic Type II SLAP repairs. Methods. Consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic Type II SLAP repair were retrospectively identified and invited to return for follow-up examination and questionnaire. Statistical ...
Kadioğlu Hüseyin H General Surgery Department, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University Hospital, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı Vatan Caddesi, 34093 Fatih, İstanbul, - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the predictive effect of IMA in incarcerated hernias. Methods. Three groups (n = 7) of rats were operated. Group I aimed to mimic incarceration, group II aimed the strangulation, and group III was the sham group. IMA and LDH measurements were made. Results. IMA levels were significantly ...
Li Yue Y Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Division of Health Policy and Outcomes Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2013
: To determine the effect of postoperative length of stay (LOS) on 30-day readmission after coronary artery bypass surgery. : We analyzed a final database consisting of Medicare claims of a cohort (N=157,070) of all fee-for-service beneficiaries undergoing bypass surgery during 2007-2008, the American Hospital Association annual survey file, and ...
Aimoto Takayuki T Department of Surgery, Nippon Medical - - 2013
Background: In most cases of pancreatic head cancer, surgery often results in noncurative resection, which is frequently related to inadequate clearance of the mesopancreas. Purpose: The aim of this report is to introduce the surgical technique of left posterior approach pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with total mesopancreas excision and circumferential lymphadenectomy around ...
Chang Tiffany R TR Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 Birmingham, England ; Health Services and Outcomes Research Center for Outcome, Effectiveness Research and Education (COERE), Birmingham, - - 2013
Examine the relationship between anemia and outcomes from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Patients admitted with spontaneous ICH between July 2008 and December 2010 were identified from our prospective stroke registry. Patients were divided into two groups based on admission hemoglobin (low vs. normal based on laboratory reference range for gender). Baseline ...
Nakayama Kazunori K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan ; Shigei Medical Research Hospital, Okayama, - - 2013
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the common complications in dialysis patients, and is associated with increased risk of vascular calcification. The effects of cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment on bone and mineral metabolism have been previously reported, but the benefit of cinacalcet on vascular calcification remains uncertain. The aim of this ...
Ghaheri Hafez H Department of Vascular Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
This study was performed to compare the outcome and complications of axillobrachial and femorofemoral graft as upper and lower limb arteriovenous shunt prostheses. In a prospective cohort study, we observed and followed-up all cases with a new insertion of ePTFE between February 2006 and February 2009. Assessment of patency and ...
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