Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1395
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Lalabonova Hristina K - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the effect of therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of cellulitis in the maxillofacial region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report our experience in the management of maxillofacial cellulitis in thirty six patients using therapeutic ultrasound as an adjunct to the standard treatment. The patients were allocated to two ...
Foerster J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of treatments for Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) requires objective response parameters in addition to clinical activity scores. Thermographic monitoring of fingertip re-warming after cold challenge has been widely used but usually requires sophisticated equipment. We have previously shown that fingertip re-warming after cold challenge follows a first-order transient response ...
Orlando A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Faecal calprotectin is predictive of clinical relapse in inflammatory bowel disease and ultrasound is sensitive in detecting its post-surgical recurrence. However, no data regarding the role of calprotectin in predicting post-surgical recurrence in asymptomatic Crohn's disease are available. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate ...
Scheyer Matthias - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In 1995, Morinaga reported a new technique for the treatment of hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL), which uses a specially designed proctoscope coupled with a Doppler transducer for identification and ligation of hemorrhoidal arteries. METHODS: Because the arteries carrying the blood inflow are ligated, internal pressure of the plexus ...
Tisi P V - - 2006
Injection sclerotherapy is widely used for superficial varicose veins. The treatment aims to obliterate the lumen of varicose veins or thread veins. There is limited evidence regarding its efficacy. To determine whether sclerotherapy is effective in improving symptoms and cosmetic appearance and has an acceptable complication rate; to define rates ...
Maple John T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical utilization of direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is increasing. However, little data exist regarding important clinical outcomes with DPEJ. OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications, success, and complications of DPEJ in a large cohort of >300 consecutive attempted DPEJ cases at our institution. METHODS: Institutional databases identified 316 consecutive ...
Tan N C - - 2005
Endoscopic treatment of bleeding duodenal varices is less invasive than the usual surgical options. However, there is limited experience with endoscopic treatment of bleeding duodenal varices, especially with that of endoscopic ligation. We report a 55-year-old man with a bleeding duodenal varix that was successfully ligated endoscopically. He has been ...
Dowidar N - - 2005
The relative high incidence of rebleeding during the course of injection sclerotherapy requires attempts at its improvement. Forty consecutive patients with bleeding oesophageal varices underwent either injection sclerotherapy only or injection sclerotherapy with an adjuvant fixed daily dose of propranolol (40 mg tds) in a single-blind randomized controlled trial. They ...
Walsh Judith M E - - 2005
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underutilized despite evidence that screening reduces mortality. To assess the effect of an intervention targeting physicians and their patients on rates of CRC screening. A randomized clinical trial of community physicians and their patients. Ninety-four community primary care physicians randomly assigned to an intervention consisting ...
Groszmann Roberto J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nonselective beta-adrenergic blockers decrease portal pressure and prevent variceal hemorrhage. Their effectiveness in preventing varices is unknown. METHODS: We randomly assigned 213 patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension (minimal hepatic venous pressure gradient [HVPG] of 6 mm Hg) to receive timolol, a nonselective beta-blocker (108 patients), or placebo (105 ...
Pal Sujoy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension prophylactic portasystemic shunts have been found to be ineffective as deaths from post-shunt liver failure exceed those from bleeding. However, in patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension, variceal bleeding rather than liver failure is the common cause of death. In developing countries shortage of ...
Sidle Douglas M - - 2005
To determine the efficacy, longevity, and safety of BioGlue Surgical Adhesive for periosteal fixation in endoscopic browlifts. Retrospective review of 80 patients who underwent endoscopic browlift using BioGlue as the primary means of periosteal fixation. Visits were categorized as preoperative, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 months, and 7 ...
Kojima Kuniyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many studies have suggested that endoscopic obliteration using cyanoacrylate for bleeding gastric fundal varices is effective. However, serious complications by injection of cyanoacrylate into varices have also been reported. METHODS: Thirty patients with bleeding gastric fundal varices underwent endoscopic injection sclerotherapy using 5% ethanolamine oleate under fluoroscopic guidance plus ...
Bountouroglou D G - - 2006
AIM: This study is a prospective randomised controlled trial comparing sapheno-femoral ligation, great saphenous stripping and multiple avulsions with sapheno-femoral ligation and ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy to the saphenous vein. Primary end points were patient recovery period and quality of life and secondary end points frequency of complications on the ...
Alòs J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy performed with polidocanol foam compared to liquid polidocanol. METHODS: Controlled clinical trial with 1 year follow up in which each patient acted as his/her own control. A total of 75 patients (six men and 69 women) with reticular or postoperative varices ...
Ramzisham A R Mohd - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This prospective randomized clinical trial was undertaken to compare the use of a single-operator vacuum suction ligator and the traditional forceps ligator in terms of pain perception following the procedure, intra-procedure bleeding and other complications. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients with second- and third-degree haemorrhoids presenting between July 2002 ...
Arai Hirotaka - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of emergency balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) performed within 24 h after initial hemostasis for the prevention of rebleeding from ruptured gastric varices. METHODS: From December 1995 to March 2003, 11 patients who had undergone B-RTO within 24 h after the control of gastric variceal ...
Psilopoulos Dimitrios - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Data in the literature regarding the role of endoscopic variceal ligation for the prevention of first variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients are controversial. To further explore this issue we have compared ligation and propranolol treatment in a prospective randomized study. METHODS: Sixty patients with cirrhosis and oesophageal varices with ...
de Cleva Roberto - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Portal vein thrombosis is a frequent postoperative complication after esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze biochemical, hematological, coagulation blood tests and intraoperative portal vein hemodynamics after surgical treatment of hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomal portal hypertension. METHODOLOGY: Forty patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis with indication for ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2005
Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) is a safe and simple procedure now being used on a widening scale. Yet most patients who undergo endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices eventually require additional treatment for recurrent varices. In this study, we investigated and compared the efficacy and long-term results of EVL performed in ...
Miyazaki K - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term recurrence rates of greater saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency after treatments for primary varicose veins, and to elucidate risk factors for recurrence. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective analysis of 376 limbs of 296 patients treated for primary varicose veins ...
Wright Andrew S - - 2005
Portal hypertension can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage, ascites, and encephalopathy. This paper reviews the pathophysiology and multidisciplinary management of portal hypertension and its complications, including the indications for and techniques of the various surgical shunts. Variceal bleeding is the most dreaded complication of portal hypertension. It may occur once the ...
Hinchliffe R J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the outcome of endoluminal thermal ablation (VNUS) and traditional redo groin surgery (RGS) and long saphenous vein (LSV) stripping in patients with bilateral recurrent long saphenous varicose veins. METHODS: This was a randomised patient controlled double blind study. Sample size calculations required 16 patients. ...
Crinó A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A number of trials have evaluated residual beta-cell function in patients with recent onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) treated with nicotinamide in addition to intensive insulin therapy (IIT). In most studies, only a slight decline of C-peptide secretion was observed 12 months after diagnosis; however, no ...
Hase Ryunosuke - - 2005
Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) requires invasive measures to prevent rupture and bleeding of esophagogastric varices. However, the long-term results of shunt surgery for IPH have not been reported. In particular, the pros and cons of surgery that preserves the spleen and its long-term hematologic effects have not been described. The ...
Sarin Shiv K - - 2005
Both EVL and drug therapy are effective in the prevention of variceal rebleeding. Comparisons between the two modalities are few, and only in cirrhotics. This prospective randomized controlled trial compared EVL with drug therapy (propranolol + ISMN) in the prevention of rebleeds from esophageal varices in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic portal ...
Lee B B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review of the results of management of congenital vascular malformation (CVM) patients was made to assess the efficacy of newly introduced approaches. METHODS: CVMs were categorised according to the Hamburg classification on the basis of minimally invasive tests. Invasive studies such as angiography are used to provide ...
Krige J E J - - 2005
The treatment of acute and recurrent variceal bleeding is best accomplished by a skilled, knowledgeable, and well-equipped team using a multidisciplinary integrated approach. Optimal management should provide the full spectrum of treatment options including pharmacologic therapy, endoscopic treatment, interventional radiologic procedures, surgical shunts, and liver transplantation. Endoscopic therapy with either ...
Yamamoto Satoshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In our frequent encounters with liver cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and concomitant risky esophageal varices, we have found that some of them required endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) and/or surgical treatment for esophageal variceal bleeding due to increased portal venous pressure after aggressive hepatectomy. In this study, we ...
Triantos C - - 2005
AIM: To compare endoscopic banding ligation vs. no treatment in cirrhotics with intolerance or contraindications to beta-blockers for prevention of first bleeding in portal hypertension. METHODS: A sample size of 214 was planned with all sizes of varices. However, the trial was stopped due to increased bleeding in 52 patients ...
Tesdal I Kaare - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare rebleeding rates in patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation alone and those treated with TIPS creation combined with adjunctive embolotherapy of gastroesophageal collateral vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Informed consent and ethics committee approval were obtained. Between November 1991 and November 2002, the authors ...
Smithers C Jason - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sclerotherapy for vascular malformations is often limited by luminal recanalization. This study examined whether an injectable tissue-engineered construct could prevent this complication in a rabbit model of venous sclerotherapy. METHODS: Ethanol sclerotherapy of a temporarily occluded jugular vein segment was performed in 46 rabbits, which were then divided into ...
Orban Schiopu Ana-Maria - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare the effect of the treatment with propranolol to that with propranolol and isosorbide-5-mononitrate in portal hypertension, as assessed by Doppler ultrasound parameters in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: A prospective study of two groups, each of 30 patients with cirrhosis Child-Pugh A ...
Lin Li-mei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effects of Radix Tripterygium hypoglaucum tablet (THT) and Tripterygium glycosides tablet (TGT) in treating erosive oral lichen planus (EOLP). METHODS: The patients were randomized into two groups, and they were treated with THT (n = 47) or TGT (n = 47), respectively. The therapeutic effects ...
Naeser Margaret A - - 2005
We report improved ability to name pictures at 2 and 8 months after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatments to the pars triangularis portion of right Broca's homologue in a 57 year-old woman with severe nonfluent/global aphasia (6.5 years post left basal ganglia bleed, subcortical lesion). TMS was applied at ...
Taniai Nobuhiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration is an effective method for treating gastric fundal varices. The present retrospective study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy for gastric fundal varices associated with endoscopic therapy, surgery, and interventional radiology including balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. METHODOLOGY: We classified 26 patients to a surgery ...
Shah Anand G - - 2005
We describe our experience with endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery in the treatment of severe posterior epistaxis in 2 patients with coagulopathy. Conservative treatment had failed in both cases. The key elements of this procedure are the identification of the branches of the sphenopalatine artery via an endoscopic endonasal ...
Oberndorfer Stefan - - 2005
The co-administration of antiepileptic drugs (AED) and chemotherapeutic agents in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is common. Interactions of chemotherapeutic agents and AED have not been investigated sufficiently. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of enzyme inducing (EI-AED) and non-EI-AED in patients with GBM treated with ...
Shimoda R - - 2005
The type, incidence, and severity of complications of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) for gastric varices should be precisely estimated. Complications were evaluated in 38 patients who had fundic gastric varices and 43 B-RTO procedures during injection of ethanolamine oleate (phase 1), within 4 h after injection (phase 2), 24 ...
Zucchi Alessandro - - 2005
The goal of this randomized prospective study in patients with varicocele was to evaluate the outcome following open surgery with inguinal approach versus antegrade sclerotherapy according to the Tauber procedure. From January 2002 to November 2003, we recruited 64 patients with left varicocele for this study. All patients were clinically ...
Morgan Teresa A - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate different surgical treatment methods for odontogenic keratocysts and the outcome of those treatments over a 25-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 40 patient charts treated at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics (Iowa City, IA) ...
Hsieh Jan-Sing - - 2005
This study assesses the role of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and portography in selection of mode of devascularization surgery for esophagogastric varices (EGV) in patients with portal hypertension and reports our experience in the treatment of EGV with modified devascularization surgery. Forty-two cirrhotic patients with EGV were treated with devascularization surgery ...
Amitrano Lucio - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of model for end stage liver disease (MELD) and the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as risk factors of short-term mortality in patients bleeding from oesophageal varices were evaluated. METHODS: From February 2002 to August 2003, 172 cirrhotic patients admitted for the first episode of bleeding from ...
Ferrari Angelo Paulo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sclerotherapy is an absolute indication for treating esophageal varices. Re-bleeding is common during the treatment period, before all varices become eradicated. AIM: To compare two techniques of endoscopic esophageal varices eradication: sclerotherapy with absolute alcohol and banding ligation. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Forty-six patients with liver cirrhosis and esophageal ...
de la Peña Joaquin - - 2005
beta-Blockers and endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) have proven to be valuable methods in the prevention of variceal rebleeding. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of EVL combined with nadolol versus EVL alone as secondary prophylaxis for variceal bleeding. Patients admitted for acute variceal bleeding were treated ...
Hankins Jane - - 2005
The objective was to study the effects of chronic transfusion therapy (CTX) on the prevention of new episodes of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and recurrent or unusually severe ACS. A retrospective chart review was performed of patients given CTX for recurrent or severe ...
Scavée V - - 2005
AIM: Transilluminated powered phlebectomy (TIPP) was first described in 1996 by Sptiz et al. and was designed to allow minimally invasive surgical treatment of varicose veins (VV). We report our updated experience with TIPP technique. METHODS: Between January 2001 and February 2004, 84 patients underwent treatment by TIPP technique for ...
Khuroo M S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The treatment effects of primary prophylactic endoscopic variceal ligation are unclear. AIM: To compare the treatment effects of endoscopic variceal ligation and beta-blockers for primary prophylaxis of oesophageal variceal bleeding. In addition, a subgroup analysis was done with the purpose to delineate differences in the effects of intervention that ...
Köksal Aydin Seref - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of acute mesenteric ischemia associated with the use of oral propranolol. CASE SUMMARY: A 59-year-old white man was admitted to the hospital with chronic diarrhea and weight loss. The patient was diagnosed as having hyperthyroidism. Therapy with propylthiouracil 100 mg 3 times daily and propranolol ...
El-Saify W M - - 2005
Endoscopic variceal ligation has emerged as a superior alternative to endoscopic injection sclerotherapy, however, the "single-shot" mechanism of the generally used Stiegman-Goff ligator made the procedure tedious and time-consuming and required overtube placement, associated with discomfort and potentially life-threatening complications. In this study we describe our experience with the Saeed ...
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