Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1394
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Sadahiro Sotaro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is a rate-limiting enzyme for the degradation of 5-fluorouracil. The effect of long-term treatment with oral fluoropyrimidines on DPD activity has not been investigated. This study was conducted to examine changes in DPD activity in peripheral mononuclear cells (PMNC) during long-term treatment with oral uracil and ...
Morales G F - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic sclerotherapy is considered a first line therapy to stop bleeding from esophageal varices, but acute variceal bleeding is still associated with high risk of rebleeding and death. We compared the use of octreotide with endoscopic sclerotherapy versus sclerotherapy alone to control acute variceal bleeding and prevent rebleeding in ...
de Zeeuw R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transilluminated powered phlebectomy (TIPP) is a minimal invasive method of varicose vein surgery that is often performed with spinal or general anaesthesia following the removal of the greater saphenous vein (GSV). The use of exclusively local tumescent anaesthesia (TA) during TIPP has never been reported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: ...
Sharma Ajay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A proportion (10%-15%) of patients with variceal bleeding do not respond to medical management and require surgical intervention. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 82 consecutive patients (median age 31 years, range 3-71; 60 male) who underwent salvage surgery for variceal bleeding between 1989 and 2005. RESULTS: Immediate control of variceal ...
Lin Nan N Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Provice, - - 2006
To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and complications of splenectomy with endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) and splenectomy with pericardial devascularization (i.e. Hassab's operation) in patients with portal hypertension. A total of 103 patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension were randomly selected to receive either splenectomy with EVL (n = 53, ...
Laganaro Marina - - 2006
In this study we analysed the outcome of computer-assisted therapy (CAT) for anomia on eight acute aphasic patients. Since therapy for anomia generally leads to an item-specific effect, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether it is possible to enhance recovery from anomia by increasing the number ...
He Ze-Feng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Kang'ai Injection (KAI) on serum level of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (slL-2R) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with esophageal carcinoma (EC) during radiotherapy (RT), and to investigate its synergistic effect with RT and its influence on immunological function of the body. METHODS: ...
Khan Nasir - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the symptomatology of early hemorrhoids and to compare injection sclerotherapy (IS) with electrocoagulation (EC) in the management outcome of early haemorrhoids with respect to pain during the procedure, reduction in bleeding per rectum, and overall patient satisfaction score. METHODS: A total of 102 patients were included in ...
Hsiao Hui-Hua - - 2006
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare soft tissue sarcomas arising primarily from mesenchymal tissue in the gastrointestinal tract and abdomen. Since there is no effective treatment in the advanced stages, the outcome is poor in such patients. Recently, imatinib mesylate, a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown a promising effect ...
Marques C F S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rubber band ligation (RBL) is probably the most commonly performed nonsurgical therapy for hemorrhoidal disease. Infrared coagulation (IRC) is one of the most recent advances based on the use of "heat". Recent studies have demonstrated similar efficacy for both modalities. This prospective randomized crossover trial compared IRC and RBL ...
Christensen Tyler - - 2006
AIM: The presentation, and medical and surgical management of all new onset non-congenital hydroceles in boys older than 1 year of age were examined. Of particular interest was the outcome of those patients who presented with a non-communicating hydrocele that developed after the first year of life and was managed ...
Krige Jake E J - - 2006
This study tested the validity of the hypothesis that eradication of esophageal varices by repeated injection sclerotherapy would reduce recurrent variceal bleeding and death from bleeding varices in a high-risk cohort of alcoholic patients with cirrhosis. Although banding of esophageal varices is now regarded as the most effective method of ...
Bredenoord Albert J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with aerophagia and excessive belching an organic cause is seldom found and a psychogenic cause is often suspected. AIM: To investigate the effects of attention and distraction on the frequency of belching in patients with aerophagia. METHODS: In 10 patients with aerophagia, combined esophageal manometry and impedance ...
Alomari Ahmad I - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm outcomes of percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations (LMs) as judged by patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 13-item survey questionnaire was sent to 74 patients who had undergone at least one sclerotherapy procedure in our hospital from January 1997 through January 2003. Information regarding the anatomic ...
Wang Huay-Min - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Both drug therapy and banding ligation are widely used in the prevention of first variceal bleeding. This study compared the efficacy and safety of band ligation vs. combination of beta-blocker and nitrate for the prevention of first bleeding in patients with cirrhosis and high-risk esophageal varices. METHODS: A total ...
González Antonio - - 2006
The clinical usefulness of assessing hemodynamic response to drug therapy in the prophylaxis of variceal rebleeding is unknown. An open-labeled, uncontrolled pilot trial was performed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of using the hemodynamic response to pharmacological treatment to guide therapy in this setting. Fifty patients with acute variceal ...
Adesiyun Adebiyi G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Female sterilization by tubal ligation is the most commonly used method of fertility regulation. However, in some lesser-developed countries like Nigeria, it has not been accepted as a popular method of contraception. OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of female sterilization and determine factors that may influence its acceptability. METHOD: ...
Thomopoulos K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension with a mortality rate between 30% and 60% in previous studies. During the last two decades the treatment of these patients has been improved. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome of patients after ...
Okazaki Hirotoshi H Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3, Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, - - 2006
We present a female patient with continuous melena, diagnosed with rectal variceal bleeding. She had a history of esophageal varices, which were treated with endoscopic therapy. Five years after the treatment of esophageal varices, continuous melena occurred. Since colonoscopy showed that the melena was caused by giant rectal varices, we ...
Hubmann R - - 2006
Acute variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis. Essential factors for survival after variceal bleeding are the rapidity and efficacy of initial primary hemostasis. Endoscopic and vasoactive therapy is the gold standard in the management of acute variceal hemorrhage. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate ...
DeMartelaere Sheri L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a technique of canalicular ligation and report observations on 59 consecutive surgeries. METHODS: Retrospective, non-comparative case series of canalicular ligation by 3 surgeons over a 7-year period. RESULTS: Fifty-nine eyelids of 29 patients (2 men and 27 women) underwent canalicular ligation for the treatment of severe dry ...
Robberecht Eddy - - 2006
Multilobular biliary cirrhosis and portal hypertension are frequent complications of cystic fibrosis liver disease, leading to esophageal varices and splenomegaly. Therapy is focused on variceal bleeding control; however, reduction of spleen volume is also important to restore gastric volume and resolve invalidating abdominal discomfort. We report long-term follow up (median ...
Triantos C K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of sclerotherapy for acute variceal bleeding is challenged by vasoactive drugs and by ligation. AIM: A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate whether sclerotherapy remains a gold standard in acute variceal bleeding. METHODS: Sclerotherapy was evaluated across four randomized trial groups: (a) combined with vasoconstrictors vs. vasoconstrictors alone ...
Johnson M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the original Sugiura procedure reported favorable results in non-cirrhotic patients but in the West, the modified Sugiura procedure is not widely accepted because of high rebleeding, morbidity, and mortality in cirrhotics. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of our modified Sugiura procedure i.e., devascularization with/without esophageal transection combined ...
Romero G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: After variceal bleeding, cirrhotic patients should receive secondary prophylaxis. AIM: To compare nadolol plus 5-isosorbide mononitrate (5-ISMN) with endoscopic band ligation. The end points were rebleeding, treatment failure and death. METHODS: One hundred and nine cirrhotic patients with a recent variceal bleeding were randomized: nadolol plus 5-ISMN in 57 ...
Labib M A , ...
Background: A comparision for the effectiveness, side effects and outcome of sclerotherapy using phenol and surgical treatment for hydrocoele was done at UTH in Lusaka, Zambia.. Materials: A total of 80 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups of 40 hydrocoeles each. Group A underwent phenol sclerotherapy and Group B ...
Fakih Marwan G - - 2006
Cetuximab treatment has been associated with severe hypomagnesemia, but the predisposing factors and management of this toxicity have been poorly characterized. The charts of 114 patients with colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab were reviewed. Forty-eight evaluable patients had normal magnesium levels before initiation of cetuximab and >or=1 repeat magnesium level ...
Villanueva Càndid - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The currently recommended treatment for acute variceal bleeding is the association of vasoactive drugs and endoscopic therapy. However, which emergency endoscopic treatment combines better with drugs has not been clarified. This study compares the efficacy and safety of variceal ligation and sclerotherapy as emergency endoscopic treatment added to somatostatin. ...
Arai Hirotaka H Department of Gastroenterology, Maebashi Red Cross Hospital, Japan. - - 2006
To evaluate the effect of three interventional treatments involving transvenous obliteration for the treatment of gastric varices, and to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of these methods. From 1995 to 2004, 93 patients with gastric fundal varices underwent interventional radiologic embolotherapy at our hospital. Of the 93 patients, 75 ...
Jonkers Daisy - - 2006
Endoscopic removal of colorectal adenomas reduces the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC), but follow-up surveillance is recommended. Compliance with the Dutch surveillance guidelines and detection of neoplasia during follow-up has been evaluated in daily practice. From 1987 to 1996, 383 consecutive patients with colorectal adenomas (56.4% male, 61.8+/-11.3 ...
Soehendra Nib - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Various techniques are available for EMR in the upper- and lower-GI tract. For early cancers of the esophagus, the "suck and cut" technique, which uses a transparent cap or variceal band ligator, is the most commonly practiced method. To facilitate multiple or circumferential EMR, a modified multiband variceal ligator ...
Vogel Adam M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The extracellular dynamics after intravascular sclerotherapy with an injectable, fibroblast-based engineered construct is unknown. METHODS: Rabbits underwent ethanol sclerotherapy of a jugular vein segment. Control animals (n = 40) underwent no further treatment or an acellular collagen hydrogel was injected. Experimental animals (n = 20) received a tissue-engineered construct. ...
Stiegmann G V - - 2006
Endoscopic treatment for bleeding esophageal varices was first described 65 years ago, but the technique was not widely adopted until the 1970s. Rapid progress since then has resulted in new, more effective forms of endoscopic treatment. Currently, endoscopic therapy is the primary treatment for patients with bleeding esophageal varices at ...
Sato Takahiro - - 2006
This study consisted of 15 patients who had undergone endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) or endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) for rectal varices. Ten of fifteen patients had histories of anal bleeding, and colonoscopy revealed signs of the risk of variceal rupture in the other five patients. EIS was perfomed in six ...
Vidal V - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the control of bleeding from ectopic varices. METHODS: From 1995 to 2004, 24 cirrhotic patients, bleeding from ectopic varices, mean age 54.5 years (range 15-76 years), were treated by TIPS. The etiology of cirrhosis was alcoholic ...
Jeong Han-Sin - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: For extracranial arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck (HNAVMs), in which the nidus was accessible via the percutaneous route, ethanol sclerotherapy was a feasible and safe first-line treatment, although successful outcomes were obtained for only about half of the subjects. For other HNAVMs, surgical excision with embolization may ...
de Paulo Gustavo Andrade - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sclerotherapy (ES) and band ligation are standard treatments for esophageal varices. Unfortunately, recurrence is common and seems to be related to esophageal collateral vessels, easily identified by EUS. Eradication of these vessels might lead to a more durable therapeutic effect. OBJECTIVE: To compare ES with EUS-guided sclerotherapy of ...
Milo-Cotter Olga - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested a higher incidence of acute heart failure (AHF) during cold months in regions with cold climate. We examined the daily incidence of AHF by same-day trough temperature and humidity in a warmer region. METHODS AND RESULTS: All admissions for AHF (340 patients) to a city hospital, ...
Turnes Juan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A reduction in hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) of > or =20% of baseline or to < or =12 mmHg (responders) is associated with a reduced risk of first variceal bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this protective effect is maintained in the long term ...
Stokkeland Knut - - 2006
Liver cirrhosis may be complicated by the development of esophageal varices. The treatment of esophageal varices has changed radically during the last 30 years. Our aim was to study whether the prognosis for patients with esophageal varices had improved in Sweden between 1969 and 2002. We linked register data from ...
Muirhead Patricia E - - 2006
Peer support may improve breastfeeding rates but the evidence is inconclusive. Previous studies and reviews recommend trials in different healthcare settings. To test if a specified programme of peer support affects the initiation and/or the duration of breastfeeding. A two-group randomised controlled trial of peer support for breastfeeding with evaluation ...
Yan Brian M BM Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, - - 2006
Variceal bleeding is a severe complication of cirrhosis leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment of acute variceal bleeding has improved dramatically since the era of the mechanical balloon tamponade. These advances include endoscopic band ligation or sclerotherapy, and vasoactive pharmacological options such as somatostatin, octreotide, vasopressin and terlipressin. Evidence ...
Wright A P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors which influence the time taken to return to work in patients undergoing varicose vein surgery. DESIGN: Prospective collection of data from patients at outpatient interview. SETTING: The Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery at a teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and fifteen consecutive ...
Kim Hyun S - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term clinical outcome of transcatheter embolotherapy in women with chronic pelvic pain caused by ovarian and pelvic varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included consecutive patients referred to a tertiary-care interventional radiology service from 1998 to 2003 because of a high degree of clinical suspicion ...
Bergan J - - 2006
AIM: Treatment of venous insufficiency has been revolutionized by introduction of less invasive endovenous procedures. Foam sclerotherapy competes with these for truly minimal less invasive care. The idea of using air and drug in combination is quite old. Orbach described an air block technique using froth in 1944 and in ...
Lay Chii-Shyan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) with propranolol in prophylaxis on the rate of first esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized trial was conducted in 100 cirrhotic patients with no history of previous upper gastrointestinal bleeding and ...
Castelnuovo Paolo G PG Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Insubria, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, - - 2006
To illustrate endoscopic techniques used in the treatment of esthesioneuroblastoma and to advocate this method of management followed by radiation therapy in selected cases. A retrospective case series of 10 patients with esthesioneuroblastomas treated between 1999 and 2004 at a tertiary referral center using endonasal techniques. Mean age of patients ...
Ashraf Elsherbiny
The aim of present study was to compare three different endoscopic methods in the management of Type I and II gastric varices (GV): (I) gastric variceal obturation using cyanoacrylate, (II) gastric variceal sclerotherapy using absolute alcohol and (III) gastric variceal ligation by rubber (O) bands. The comparison regards the technical ...
Harewood Gavin C - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic obliteration of esophageal varices by endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) is an effective form of secondary prophylaxis. However, there is no consensus regarding the technical aspects of EVL for secondary prophylaxis. The present study compares the technical aspects of EVL (frequency of sessions, number of sessions and number of ...
Lalabonova Hristina K - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the effect of therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of cellulitis in the maxillofacial region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report our experience in the management of maxillofacial cellulitis in thirty six patients using therapeutic ultrasound as an adjunct to the standard treatment. The patients were allocated to two ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >