Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1400
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Large Matthew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies of homicide during psychotic illness have shown that the risk of homicide is greatest during the first episode of psychosis. It is also possible that the proportion of patients who commit homicide before they receive effective treatment may be associated with the length of time they were ...
Vlachogiannakos J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) increases significantly after endoscopic therapy in patients with bleeding oesophageal varices, which may precipitate further haemorrhage. Whether vasoactive drugs can suppress these changes remains unknown. AIM: To investigate the efficacy of somatostatin when compared with octreotide in preventing the post-endoscopic increase in HVPG during ...
Kogo Mari - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We retrospectively evaluated variable clinical data on admission to reliably predict bleeding from esophageal varices after the first course of endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODOLOGY: We analyzed 27 clinical factors from the medical records of 118 patients who received their first course ...
Takahashi Tsubasa - - 2007
This study was undertaken to compare magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and gastrointestinal tract endoscopy (ENDO) for detecting varices in postoperative biliary atresia (BA) patients. Thirty-four BA patients were divided into groups according to age and liver function; group 1: 1-4 years old; group 2: 5-9 years old; group 3: over ...
Hamel-Desnos C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare 1% and 3% POL foam in treating the great saphenous vein (GSV) by ultrasound guided sclerotherapy. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective, randomised, double-blind trial with 2 year-follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 148 patients with GSV reflux (saphenous trunk diameter 4-8 mm) were randomised to undergo ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy using ...
Kruijff Schelto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We wanted to evaluate whether partial matrix excision and orthonyxia are equally effective in the treatment of ingrown toenails of the hallux. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial with 12-month observer-blinded followup, in the surgical outpatient department of a teaching hospital. We randomized 105 consecutive patients ...
Norberto Lorenzo - - 2007
Whether beta-blockers (BB) or banding is the best therapy for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding is subject to debate. A randomized comparison between the 2 treatments was performed in candidates for liver transplantation (LT). A total of 62 patients with Child-Turcotte-Pugh B-C cirrhosis and high risk varices received propranolol (31) ...
Lowrance David - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Malawi antiretroviral treatment (ART) clinics providing cotrimoxazole (CTX) prophylaxis had lower early mortality rates compared with clinics not providing CTX. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of eleven ART clinics in Malawi that were or were not providing CTX. Medical record abstraction was performed for all patients (N ...
Iida Yutaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: From the experience of endoscopic examination showing residual gastric varices (GV) after paragastroesophageal devascularization and splenectomy (GEDS) for GV, it was considered that GV could be immediately cleared by additional subserosal variceal ligation (SSVL) after GEDS. We reviewed the outcome of all patients who underwent this surgical technique. METHODOLOGY: ...
Yilmaz Saim - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present the immediate and short-term results of our first 60 endovenous laser (EVL) ablation procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2005 and December 2006, 60 EVL ablations were performed in 36 symptomatic patients (26 females, 10 males; mean age +/- SD, 46 +/- 14 years). The incompetent veins ...
Daunt F - - 2007
In most long-lived animal species, juveniles survive less well than adults. A potential mechanism is inferior foraging skills but longitudinal studies that follow the development of juvenile foraging are needed to test this. We used miniaturized activity loggers to record daily foraging times of juvenile and adult European shags Phalacrocorax ...
O'Neil Bert H - - 2007
To confirm the anecdotal observation that patients in North Carolina (NC) and Tennessee (TN) treated with cetuximab experience hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) at a much higher rate than are reported nationally and internationally (<or= 3%). Data from patients treated with cetuximab on clinical trials (n = 88) at three research sites ...
Kabeer Muhammad A - - 2007
Stomal varices secondary to portal hypertension are a rare but potentially fatal cause of hemorrhage. Management, determined by the site of the bleeding, centers on preventing additional bleeds and may include providing local pressure, applying silver nitrate, injection sclerotherapy, suture ligation of the bleeding point, and/or the placement of transjugular ...
van den Heuvel M M - - 2007
Life-threatening haemoptysis is a frequent and often fatal complication in areas with a high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB). Bronchial artery embolisation remains the standard initial treatment. Subsequent curative measures, such as surgical resection of the focus of haemorrhage, are generally recommended to prevent recurrence, but risk-based selection criteria have not ...
Upadhyaya V D - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia (TEF with EA) is not an uncommon disease of newborns. Classical approach for primary repair of TEF with EA is right thoracotomy with extrapleural approach, ligation of the azygos vein, identification and ligation of tracheoesophageal fistula, identification of upper esophageal pouch and end-to-end ...
Lo G-H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Both endoscopic obturation and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSs) have proven to be effective in preventing rebleeding from gastric varices. This study compared the efficacy and complications of these modalities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cirrhotic patients with acute bleeding from gastric varices were considered for inclusion. After ...
Bocus P - - 2007
Although the first studies on EUS in portal hypertension are by now dated approximately 20 years ago, this method still has not become a routine examination among the diagnostic and therapeutic examinations in this field. EUS has an important role in the following applications: early diagnosis of esophageal and gastric ...
Morse Christopher R - - 2007
Recently endoscopic transoral stapling (ES) of cervical (Zenker's) diverticulum (ZD) has been reported. In a 10-year retrospective review, we identified 47 patients undergoing ES or open surgery (OS) for ZD. ES was attempted in 28 patients and OS in 19. Using an intention to treat analysis, outcomes examined included operative ...
Sugimoto Nozomi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from esophagogastric varices is a serious complication of portal hypertension. The aim of the present study was to determine whether endoscopic sclerotherapy with injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate combined with variceal ligation was useful for hemostasis of bleeding gastric varices. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with bleeding gastric varices underwent endoscopic treatment ...
Mudawi H M Y - - 2007
This is a prospective study, carried out in patients with portal hypertension and bleeding oesophageal varices secondary to Symmers (Schistosomal) periportal fibroses, to determine the efficacy of sclerotherapy, the number of sessions needed to achieve full sclerosis, the complications associated with sclerotherapy and the incidence and risk factors for rebleeding. ...
Caldwell S H - - 2007
AIM: We assessed N-2-butyl-cyanoacrylate (enbucrilate) in 92 patients with gastric variceal bleeding under an FDA-approved investigation. These results extend our prior report of the first 44 patients. METHOD: Injection was performed with enbucrilate and ethiodol (1:1). Eighty patients had portal hypertension and 12 had splenic vein thrombosis. RESULTS: In the ...
Abdeldaim Y - - 2007
In 1995, Morinaga reported on a new technique in the treatment of haemorrhoids. It relies on the reduction of haemorrhoidal vascular flow by suturing haemorrhoidal arteries. The artery is located by Doppler ultrasound transducer, haemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL). This pilot study shows initial experience with HAL in patients with internal ...
Bai Wenpei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy-safety balance of the isopropanolic extract of Actaea (=Cimicifuga) racemosa (iCR, Remifemin) in comparison with tibolone in Chinese women with climacteric complaints. METHOD: The randomized, double-blind, controlled 3-month study in 5 centers of 3 cities in China enrolled 244 menopausal patients aged 40-60 years and with ...
Paikos Dimitrios - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhoids are the most common anorectal disorder in the Western World and are a major cause of active, relapsing or chronic rectal bleeding. Many treatment options have been proposed and tried for early-stage hemorrhoids. There is general agreement that rubber banding ligation (RBL) is safe and effective. AIMS: To ...
Wessels Tiemo - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to investigate antipsychotic treatment strategies in acute schizophrenic episodes in a German university hospital. METHODS: Documented pharmacological procedures in the first six weeks of acute episodes of schizophrenia in the years 1998 (n = 108), 2001 (n = 92), and 2004 (n = ...
Yamamoto Satoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Use of the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) for partial portal decompression has not been recommended as a first-line option for intractable gastroesophageal variceal bleeding because of the thin diameter of the vein. Although these indications remain relevant, few reports have compared partial portal decompression using the IMV with other ...
Currie Geoffrey M - - 2007
Does subtraction scintigraphy improve the diagnostic utility of scintigraphic evaluation in acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage? METHODS: This research was a retrospective clinical study using a repeat-measures design of randomized control and experimental groups. A single patient dataset provided both the control group (conventional scintigraphy) and the experimental group (conventional and ...
Coudé François X - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The authors analyze the occurrence of grade repetition and inattention in children diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHOD: The participant group consisted of 310 patients with NF1 and a control group of 242 individuals. The number of grade repetitions for each participant during his or her time in ...
Diaz-Cervantes Edgardo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: During an endoscopic variceal ligation, we banded a varix with an overlying tongue of Barrett's epithelium (BE). One month later, the tongue was no longer visible, suggesting that banding could be used to eradicate BE. AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of banding without resection (BWR) using a ...
Kern Philippe - - 2007
The efficacy of wearing compression stockings on clinical vessel disappearance following sclerotherapy of telangiectasias and reticular veins has been a matter of debate for half a century. To determine the relative efficacy of compression following sclerotherapy and to determine its impact on general quality of life in a prospective randomized ...
Ramirez Francisco C - - 2007
AIM: To determine the role of the number of bands placed per session upon patient-related and procedural-related outcomes. METHODS: Patients were assigned to receive as many bands as could be possibly placed (group 1) or up to a maximum of six bands (group 2) per session. The primary outcome measured ...
Alijanpour Ahmad - - 2007
To study the results of interference of strip cutting and single selection systems during the performance of the plan (1993-2003) in the Janbe Sara district, raw data which was collected during two years were compared together. Inventory was done in systematic random way and intensity of 3.3% in both years. ...
Kolokythas Antonia - - 2007
PURPOSE: We discuss the outcome of 2 well-established and widely accepted methods used for the treatment of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), enucleation with peripheral ostectomy or resection and decompression followed by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all cases of OKC treated in the University ...
Bhuiyan M M R - - 2007
A prospective randomized study was done comparing endoscopic band ligation and sclerotherapy for the treatment of oesophageal varices. Hundred fifty cirrhotic patients with history of bleeding from varices were included in the study. Seventy-five patients got sclerotherapy and 75 got band ligation of varices. Both sclerotherapy and band ligation were ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2007
Bleeding from esophageal varices (EVs) is a catastrophic complication of chronic liver disease. Many years ago, surgical procedures such as esophageal transection or distal splenorenal shunting were the only treatments for EVs. In the 1970s, interventional radiology procedures such as transportal obliteration, left gastric artery embolization, and partial splenic artery ...
Kuo M-J - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Rebleeding can occur after endoscopic injection of gastric varices with tissue adhesive. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adjuvant hypertonic glucose solution injections enhance the effects of Histoacryl after successful initial variceal obliteration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 patients (37 men, ...
Kuramochi Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our preliminary study indicated that either a high hepatofugal flow velocity in the left gastric vein (LGV) or an anterior branch dominant pattern seen under color Doppler EUS (CD-EUS) were possible contributing risk factors for variceal recurrence after endoscopic treatment. However, the sample size was too small, and in ...
Ceulen Roeland P M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eighty subjects were treated with either 1 or 3% polidocanol foam to compare the efficacy and adverse sequelae of each concentration of polidocanol foam. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the effects of two different concentrations of polidocanol foam. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a 6-month period, we treated 80 ...
Coffin Cheryl M - - 2007
Gardner fibroma (GAF) is a benign soft tissue lesion with a predilection for childhood and adolescence and an association with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and desmoid type fibromatosis (desmoid). We report 45 patients with GAF with clinicopathologic correlation and immunohistochemical analysis for beta-catenin and related proteins. Forty-five patients with 57 ...
Jeschke Marc G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Propranolol, a nonselective beta1-2 antagonist, attenuates hypermetabolism and catabolism in severely burned patients. However, recent data suggest that propranolol impairs immune function and enhances inflammation. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of propranolol administration on infection, sepsis, and inflammation in severely burned pediatric patients. ...
Tan Kong T - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and long-term outcomes of percutaneous sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS)sclerotherapy for peripheral venous vascular malformations (VVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively compiled database was performed to identify patients with a VVM who were referred from 1997 to 2004. Of the 132 ...
Subramonia S - - 2007
Over the past few years, there has been a move to less invasive endoluminal methods in the treatment of lower limb varicose veins combined with a renewed interest in sclerotherapy, with the recent addition of foam sclerotherapy. The development of these new techniques has led many to question some of ...
Chitapanarux Taned T Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. - - 2007
To investigate potential roles of per rectal portal scintigraphy in diagnosis of esophageal varices and predicting the risk of bleeding. Fifteen normal subjects and fifty cirrhotic patients with endoscopically confirmed esophageal varices were included. Patients were categorized into bleeder and non-bleeder groups according to history of variceal bleeding. All had ...
Rabenstein T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The increasing use of flexible endoscopy to treat symptomatic Zenker's diverticulum is only partially supported by data on safety and benefits. This retrospective study reports the mid-term results of argon plasma coagulation (APC) for flexible endoscopic therapy of Zenker's diverticulum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2002 ...
Hirai M - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence rate and hemodynamic effect retrospectively among various technical approaches for ligations of the great saphenous vein in the treatment of primary varicose veins. 455 limbs with primary uncomplicated great saphenous varicose veins, which underwent ligations of the great saphenous vein ...
Prais Dario - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), also known as anaphylactoid purpura is a clinically recognizable systemic disorder occurring in children, mainly from ages 3 to 10 years. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory findings in a group of patients with recurrent HSP, admitted to a tertiary pediatric center. METHODS: Retrospective ...
Costamagna G - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: The standard treatment for a Zenker's diverticulum is diverticulotomy, either using the endostapling approach or by surgery. Flexible endoscopic diverticulotomy has similar efficacy and is associated with fewer complications but this technique is still under investigation. The aim of this study was to compare the technical ...
Pineño Oskar - - 2007
Two conditioned taste aversion experiments with rats assessed the relative effectiveness in providing evidence of within-compound learning of different procedures that involve the initial compound presentation of two stimuli, A and X, with the unconditioned stimulus (i.e., AX+). In Experiment 1, following a single AX+ trial, groups A+ and B+ ...
Abdelkader M - - 2007
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate post-operative cessation of bleeding and late recurrence of epistaxis in a cohort of patients treated by endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery. Participants comprised patients undergoing sphenopalatine artery ligation for posterior epistaxis at three east Scotland hospitals. Main outcome measures were ...
Wallis de Vries B M - - 2007
AIM: We evaluated the results of the Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal arterial ligation (DG-HAL) method in the management of symptomatic grade 2 and 3 hemorrhoids. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2005 and March 2006, 110 consecutive patients with symptomatic grade 2 and 3 hemorrhoids according to the DG-HAL method were treated. All ...
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