Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1394
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Jin Yunbo - - 2008
Treatment of congenital venous malformations poses a major clinical challenge. Great successes have been achieved with ethanol sclerotherapy in most lesions; however, severe complications are more likely to occur when more ethanol is used. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a new sclerotherapy treatment that uses absolute alcohol ...
Goto O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a novel endoluminal technique that permits the resection of gastric neoplasms. AIM: To analyse the feasibility of snaring as the final step of ESD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine consecutive gastric neoplasms resected by four ESD experts from January 2004 to May ...
Calès Paul - - 2008
Variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. The recommended treatment includes the early administration of a vasoactive drug. Vapreotide is a somatostatin analogue with a different receptor affinity to octreotide. It decreases portal pressure and blood flow of collateral circulation in rats with cirrhosis. The pivotal study of ...
Domènech Eugeni - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative recurrence (PR) occurs early after intestinal resection in >75% of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. No well-established strategy for long-term PR prevention is available. The aim was to prospectively evaluate the long-term endoscopic and clinical outcomes of postoperative CD on maintenance treatment with azathioprine (AZA), especially in patients who ...
Aida Kayo - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is generally accepted as the gold standard for the clinical evaluation of gastric cancer (GC). However, the efficacy of endoscopic screening for asymptomatic GC remains controversial. The present study is designed to clarify the efficacy of endoscopic screening for the detection of early GC ...
Herrick Ariane - - 2008
Treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon in any one individual depends on the severity of symptoms and whether or not there is an underlying disease process requiring specific intervention. Many patients with primary (idiopathic) Raynaud's phenomenon respond well to treatment with general measures, perhaps with the addition of a calcium channel blocker. ...
Galfano Antonio - - 2008
PURPOSE: We analyzed the surgical outcomes of antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy in a large, prospective, multisurgeon, consecutive series of patients treated for idiopathic varicocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively collected data on 697 consecutive patients undergoing antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy between 1997 and 2005. For every patient we evaluated age, side, clinical ...
Berzigotti A - - 2008
Patients surviving a first episode of variceal bleeding have a risk of over 60% of experiencing recurrent haemorrhages within 1 year from the index episode. Because of this, all patients surviving a variceal bleeding should receive active treatments for the prevention of rebleeding. beta-Blockers+/-isosorbide-5-mononitrate and band ligation are effective in ...
Bouchard Myriam - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess disease control and acute and chronic toxicity with aperture-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy (AB-IMRT) for postoperative pelvic irradiation of endometrial cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January and July 2005, after hysterectomy for endometrial cancer, 15 patients received 45 Gy to the pelvis using AB-IMRT. The AB-IMRT plans were generated ...
Luby Stephen P - - 2008
In an earlier study in rural Guatemala, 257 households that received flocculant-disinfectant to treat their drinking water had 39% less diarrhea than 257 control households. Three weeks after completion of the study, national marketing of the flocculant-disinfectant was extended into the study communities. Six months later, we assessed frequency of ...
Yamaki Takashi - - 2008
To compare the clinical outcome between ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) and ultrasound-guided liquid form sclerotherapy (UGLS) in patients with venous malformations (VM). Eighty-nine patients with symptomatic VM were treated with ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy. There were 22 males and 67 females with mean age of 14.5 years. The sclerosing agents used were ...
Nehra Deepika - - 2008
PURPOSE: The authors report their experience with doxycycline sclerotherapy as primary treatment of head and neck lymphatic malformations (LMs) in children. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to collect data on 11 patients treated with doxycycline sclerotherapy for LMs of the head and neck at our institution since 2003. ...
Hu Rey-Heng - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemorrhage from esophageal varices is a major consequence of liver cirrhosis. Pharmacological treatment can be started immediately by an internist to arrest acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage (EVH). Terlipressin is easy to administer and effective in treating acute EVH, with or without adjuvant endoscopic sclerotherapy, and in reducing mortality in ...
Lee Tzong-Hsi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic variceal ligation is now regarded as the treatment of choice for bleeding esophageal varices. However, it is seldom used to treat bleeding gastric varices. In this a clinical experience of banding ligation to treat bleeding gastric varices is reported. METHODOLOGY: There were 17 male and 5 female patients ...
Ha Tae-In - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has been recently reported that celiac ganglia can be identified by linear-array endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). Still, there has been no report on the detection rate of celiac ganglia with radial scanning EUS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection rate of celiac ganglia by radial ...
Kiyotani Kazuma - - 2008
Despite long-term clinical experience with docetaxel, unpredictable severe adverse reactions remain an important determinant for limiting the use of the drug. To identify a genetic factor(s) determining the risk of docetaxel-induced leukopenia/neutropenia, we selected subjects who received docetaxel chemotherapy from samples recruited at BioBank Japan, and conducted a case-control association ...
Lee Sang Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is a safe and well-established treatment option to control hemoptysis, but there are few studies focused on treating hemoptysis accompanying coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate and long-term efficacy of TAE for control of massive hemoptysis in patients with CWP, and to ...
Breu F X - - 2008
The spread of foam sclerotherapy has resulted in the renaissance of sclerotherapy as a non-invasive treatment method for varicosis. An expanded European expert committee meeting in Tegernsee in April 2006 was prompted by new findings and continuous further development of the method and worked especially on the topics "The role ...
Morrison Nick - - 2008
This clinical study evaluated prospectively adverse events immediately following ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) for the treatment of lower extremity venous valvular insufficiency. Incidence of side effects associated with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) foam was compared with a historical control using air-based foam. The literature on the subject was reviewed. Vital signs ...
Bendtsen F F Department of Medical Gastroenterology 439, Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen University, Hvidovre Hospital, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2008
The management of variceal bleeding remains a clinical challenge with a high mortality. Standardisation in supportive and new therapeutic treatments seems to have improved survival within the last 25 years. Although overall survival has improved in recent years, mortality is still closely related to failure to control initial bleeding or ...
Spaander Manon C W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric variceal bleeding is the most important complication of extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis (EPVT) and is usually treated endoscopically. Little is known about the prognosis of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term clinical outcome and efficacy of endoscopic treatment in patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding secondary to EPVT. ...
Schneck Christopher D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In a naturalistic follow-up of adult bipolar patients, the authors examined the contributions of demographic, phenomenological, and clinical variables, including antidepressant use, to prospectively observed mood episode frequency. METHOD: For 1,742 bipolar I and II patients in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD), episodes of mood ...
Gandini Roberto - - 2008
To evaluate the efficacy of transcatheter foam sclerotherapy (TCFS) in pelvic varicocele using sodium-tetradecyl-sulfate foam (STSF), we conducted a retrospective study in 38 patients (mean age, 36.9 years; range, 22-44 years) with pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) treated between January 2000 and June 2005 by TCFS. Pelvic pain was associated with ...
Burrows Patricia E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic malformations (LMs) can be effectively treated by percutaneous intralesional injection of a variety of sclerosant drugs. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of doxycycline in the treatment of LMs. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients with LMs who underwent sclerotherapy with doxycycline ...
Windrich M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It has been the aim of the present study to introduce a novel automatic technique for the objective and quantitative assessment of speech intelligibility to the evaluation of postoperative outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients with oral carcinomas, mean age 59.8 +/- 10.1 years, and an age-matched control group ...
Ricci Maurício Pichler - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the results of rubber band ligation and infrared photocoagulation for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease through the analysis of the incidence of complications after each treatment and respective success rate. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with first, second or third degree hemorrhoidal disease were randomized to receive treatment with ...
Yuksel Bulent C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the results of the conservative management of hemorrhoids between venotonic flavonoid micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) and sclerotherapy, in terms of the subjective and objective outcome of patients after a follow-up period of 2 years. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six patients who suffered from 1st-and 2nd-degree hemorrhoids ...
Villanueva Cándid - - 2008
Oesophageal varices and ascites may develop when the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) increases above 10 mmHg, and variceal bleeding may occur when the HVPG rises above 12 mmHg. Pharmacological therapy of portal hypertension may prevent bleeding by reducing the HVPG below 12 mmHg. Even if this threshold level is ...
Triantos Christos - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We observed that the formation of a fibrous ring following variceal eradication appeared to be associated with less variceal recurrence. We aimed to evaluate this formally. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-one cirrhotic patients with a fibrous ring formation in the esophagus after eradication of varices (FR group) were compared with 21 controls ...
Amato Robert J - - 2008
The objective of this Phase II clinical trial was to determine the effects of chronic GM-CSF dosing on PSA levels in men with hormone-refractory or hormone-naïve prostate cancer. Six hormone-refractory and 10 hormone-naïve patients were recruited from an institutional practice and were treated with 250 and 125 μg/m(2) of GM-CSF, ...
Ozawa Kazuhiro - - 2008
Fever occurring in a neutropenic patient remains a common life-threatening complication of cancer chemotherapy, and febrile neutropenia (FN) is recognized as a dose-limiting factor (DLF) in cancer chemotherapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the significant covariate associated with the risk of FN occurrence in Japanese patients. A ...
Co Abigail C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Excess skin and fatty tissues beneath the jaw lead to a double chin deformity. Localized fat deposits in this area are a cause of discomfort and anguish, leading patients to undergo surgical procedures such as liposuction and dermolipectomy to improve the cosmetic effect. Both procedures require anesthesia and an ...
Cho Sung Ki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcomes, techniques, and complications of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration for treating gastric varices with spontaneous gastrosystemic shunts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2002 through October 2005, 49 consecutive patients with gastric varices were treated by balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. The sclerosant was ...
Hausman Daniel M - - 2007
This essay distinguishes between two kinds of group harms: harms to individuals in virtue of their membership in groups and harms to "structured" groups that have a continuing existence, an organization, and interests of their own. Genetic research creates risks of causing both kinds of group harms, and engagement with ...
Zhang Chun Qing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Conventional percutaneous transhepatic varices embolization (PTVE) has rarely been used in recent years due to high rates of variceal recurrence and rebleeding. Herein we report a modified PTVE with 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (2-OCA) in which the whole lower esophageal and peri or para-esophageal varices, the submucosal varices, and the advertitial ...
Nakamura Shinichi S Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2008
Because the procedure of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) causes extensive thrombosis of the major shunt that connects the spleen and gastric/renal venous systems, an increase in portal pressure is unavoidable. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term outcome of B-RTO, including changes in esophageal varices. ...
Rabe E - - 2008
AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein (GSV) comparing standardised polidocanol foam to liquid polidocanol in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: A multicentre randomised controlled clinical trial was carried out in which saphenous trunks were treated by sclerotherapy. 106 patients with primary ...
Egilmez Hulusi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to compare the efficacies of 95% ethanol and 20% hypertonic saline (HS) sclerotherapies that were performed in a single session under CT guidance for the management of simple renal cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective series of 74 consecutive patients (average age: 57.6 +/- 8.1 years) with ...
Kravetz David - - 2007
Variceal rebleeding is a very frequent and severe complication in cirrhotic patients; therefore, its prevention should be mandatory. Lately several studies demonstrated that the rate of rebleeding was decreased by 40% and overall survival is improved by 20% with beta-blockers. However, this treatment presents some problems, such as the number ...
Cho Sung Ki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to evaluate the short-term effects of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for treating gastric variceal bleeding, in terms of the portal hypertensive changes, by comparing CT scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 27 patients who underwent BRTO for gastric variceal bleeding and they had CT scans performed ...
Albillos Agustín - - 2007
Variceal bleeding is still a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension responsible for an appreciable rate of morbidity and mortality. The most appropriate treatment approach, whether drugs (nonselective beta-blockers) or endoscopic (variceal band ligation) therapy, to prevent the initial bleed, or primary prophylaxis, is an issue of controversy. Meta-analysis of randomized ...
Król R - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Lymphocele is a lymph collection that forms after surgery following injury to lymph nodes and vessels. The aim of the study was to perform a retrospective analysis of different treatment modalities of lymphocele in patients after kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A lymphocele located in renal graft area was ...
Uurto Ilkka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Varicose veins are a common disorder and many treatment methods are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy of foam sclerotherapy and the safety of performing the treatment in an outpatient clinic without ultrasound guidance. METHODS This was a prospective, nonrandomized study with ...
Carandina S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare the long-term results of stripping vs. haemodynamic correction (Ambulatory Conservative Haemodynamic Management of Varicose Veins, CHIVA) in the treatment of superficial venous incompetence resulting in chronic venous disease (CVD). DESIGN: Randomised comparative trial. PATIENTS: 150 patients affected by CVD, CEAP clinical class 2-6, were randomised to saphenous ...
Large Matthew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies of homicide during psychotic illness have shown that the risk of homicide is greatest during the first episode of psychosis. It is also possible that the proportion of patients who commit homicide before they receive effective treatment may be associated with the length of time they were ...
Vlachogiannakos J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) increases significantly after endoscopic therapy in patients with bleeding oesophageal varices, which may precipitate further haemorrhage. Whether vasoactive drugs can suppress these changes remains unknown. AIM: To investigate the efficacy of somatostatin when compared with octreotide in preventing the post-endoscopic increase in HVPG during ...
Kogo Mari - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We retrospectively evaluated variable clinical data on admission to reliably predict bleeding from esophageal varices after the first course of endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODOLOGY: We analyzed 27 clinical factors from the medical records of 118 patients who received their first course ...
Takahashi Tsubasa - - 2007
This study was undertaken to compare magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and gastrointestinal tract endoscopy (ENDO) for detecting varices in postoperative biliary atresia (BA) patients. Thirty-four BA patients were divided into groups according to age and liver function; group 1: 1-4 years old; group 2: 5-9 years old; group 3: over ...
Hamel-Desnos C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare 1% and 3% POL foam in treating the great saphenous vein (GSV) by ultrasound guided sclerotherapy. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective, randomised, double-blind trial with 2 year-follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 148 patients with GSV reflux (saphenous trunk diameter 4-8 mm) were randomised to undergo ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy using ...
Kruijff Schelto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We wanted to evaluate whether partial matrix excision and orthonyxia are equally effective in the treatment of ingrown toenails of the hallux. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial with 12-month observer-blinded followup, in the surgical outpatient department of a teaching hospital. We randomized 105 consecutive patients ...
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