Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1398
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Dowidar N - - 2002
Forty consecutive patients with bleeding oesophageal varices underwent paravariceal injection with 2.5% or 5% ethanolamine oleate in a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Patients were injected on a weekly basis until varices were eradicated and then followed-up for a period of two years. Patients injected with 2.5% ethanolamine oleate experienced a ...
Tripathi D - - 2002
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) is effective in the management of both oesophageal and gastric variceal bleeding. Although it has been reported that gastric varices can bleed at pressures of < or = 12 mm Hg, this phenomenon has been little studied in the clinical setting. To assess ...
Akanuma Masao - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the risk factors for esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODOLOGY: 103 patients with esophageal varices and hepatocellular carcinoma without previous history of varices bleeding or treatment of varices were followed up and the risk factors for variceal bleeding were evaluated by Cox proportional hazards ...
Bruha R - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 1) To compare the effect of 2-day application of 0.2 mg terlipressin i.v. every 4 hours (group I) with that of 5-day application of 1 mg i.v. every 4 hours (group II) in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices and portal gastropathy. 2) To assess the incidence of adverse ...
Barben Juerg - - 2002
PURPOSE: To review the authors' 15-year experience with bronchial artery embolization (BAE) for treatment of hemoptysis in young patients with cystic fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By searching the 1985-1999 radiology database, the authors identified 23 young patients who had been referred to the radiology department for angiography. Twenty of these ...
Manjula Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Lymphoedema is a major cause of morbidity in patients with lymphatic filariasis. There is no effective medical treatment and the results of surgery are uncertain. There are very few published studies assessing the volumetric response to the use of sequential intermittent pneumatic compression (SIPC) in patients. METHODS: A 12-celled ...
Taniai N - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In patients with esophageal varices, we investigated the impact on long-term outcome of combining interventional radiologic procedures with endoscopic therapy. METHODOLOGY: Of 133 patients with esophageal varices, 86 were treated with endoscopic therapy alone and 47 underwent endoscopic therapy in addition to interventional radiologic procedures. End-points considered during 5-years ...
Furukawa K - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: esophageal variceal ligation (EVL) has been spread widely as a simple and effective method for treating esophageal varices. However, in view of the unacceptably high rate of recurrence associated with this technique, the availability of other supplemental consolidation therapies has been earnestly desired. Under these circumstances, ...
Tajiri Takashi - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent improvements in the treatment of gastric varices have resulted in better rates of hemostasis and eradication. This prospective study was conducted in order to examine the natural history of gastric varices and whether prophylactic treatment is required. METHODOLOGY: Between January 1991 and December 1996, 52 patients with cirrhosis ...
Yamanaka Takenari - - 2002
Treatment for acute rectal bleeding from rectal varices in a patient with liver cirrhosis is often difficult. Herein, we report an elderly male with cirrhosis who successfully underwent endoscopic sclerotherapy for rectal bleeding from rectal varices. He had a history of esophageal varices, which were treated by endoscopic sclerotherapy. Three ...
Lee Moon Sung - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from gastric varices larger than 2 cm in diameter represents a major limitation for endoscopic hemostasis. METHODS: Endoscopic ligation of gastric varices was performed with detachable snares and elastic bands in 41 patients who had recent bleeding from gastric varices larger than 2 cm in diameter. Gastric varices ...
Dillon Claire - - 2002
AIM: To review the effect of treatment changes in paediatric exploratory ingestion at Christchurch Hospital. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of paediatric patients presenting with potentially toxic ingestion during six month periods of 1994, 1996 and 1999. RESULTS: All three groups were comparable in respect to age and ...
Jalan Rajiv - - 2002
AIMS: The role of various treatments for variceal haemorrhage is currently being evaluated. The purpose of this study was to analyse the impact of the use of endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy (EVS), variceal band ligation (VBL) and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) for secondary prophylaxis on the outcome of cirrhotic patients ...
Mazzoni G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To underline the role of antegrade sclerotherapy as first choice treatment in recurrent varicocele. METHODS: In 53 patients, aged 11-38 years, observed over a 30-month period, antegrade sclerotherapy was carried out for the treatment of recurrent varicocele. In seven of these patients, varicocele was bilateral. The right varicocele, however, ...
Harrison Phillip - - 2002
Cirrhotic patients who survive an episode of acute variceal haemorrhage are at high risk of recurrent bleeding. Many treatments have been found to be effective at preventing rebleeding, including drug therapy, endoscopic treatments and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stunt (TIPS). In this issue of European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Jalan ...
Wipassakornwarawuth Suchart - - 2002
Bleeding esophageal varices is associated with a high mortality rate. Despite advances in management, the mortality rate remains at 30-80 per cent. Endoscopic variceal band ligation (EVL) is a new technique designed to manage esophageal varices with the aim of reducing the complication rate. Variceal rebleeding which occurs in 6-36 ...
Yang Wei Lyn - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The management of gastric variceal hemorrhage remains a clinical challenge. Bovine thrombin has been reported to be effective in two small series. We report our experience with human thrombin in the treatment of bleeding gastric varices. METHODS: We reviewed the case records of 12 patients presenting over a 2-yr ...
Cheng Liufang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) for esophago gastric variceal bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on 1010 patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding who underwent sclerotherapy, among whom there were 834 patients with cirrhosis, 160 with hepatocarcinoma, 12 with Budd-Chiari syndrome and 4 with congenital ...
Johnson Philip L - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Percutaneous ethanol sclerotherapy has been reported to be efficacious for head and neck venous malformations. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous sclerotherapy by using ethanol for treatment of symptomatic venous malformations of the tongue. METHODS: Eleven sclerotherapy procedures were performed in seven patients ...
Lazo-Langner Alejandro - - 2002
Information about therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in developing countries is lacking. We report our experience with TPE performed for different indications during a 7-year period. We reviewed all TPE procedures performed in our institution during a 7-year period. Patients were divided in four groups according to the following indications: thrombotic ...
Scott D - - 2002
Hemorrhoidal disease is a common pathology in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). We describe our experience with the primary approach to this problem at the Proctology Division of the Sheba Medical Center. We treated 29 patients (26 men) with paraplegia due to SCI between 1995 and 1999. The ...
Berkelhammer Charles - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Elastic band ligation is a well-established nonoperative method for treatment of bleeding internal hemorrhoids, stages II-III. Usually, one or two bands are placed at a single session by using rigid instruments. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, tolerability, safety, and efficacy of multiple band ligation ...
Sarin Shiv K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of bleeding gastric varices (GVs) is still controversial, mainly because of anecdotal studies or inclusion of patients with GVs located at different sites that have variable incidences of bleeding. A prospective study was undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety of GV sclerotherapy using alcohol and GV obturation ...
Viazis Nikos - - 2002
AIM: Endoscopic methods are currently the most widely used techniques for the treatment of bleeding oesophageal varices (BOV). However, a number of complications may limit their usefulness. We conducted a prospective, randomized comparison of variceal ligation versus sclerotherapy in cirrhotics after the control of variceal haemorrhage to study the relative ...
Gülberg V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with variceal band ligation (VBL) in the prophylaxis of variceal rebleeding in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. METHODS: Fifty-four cirrhotic patients (21 Child-Pugh class A, 27 class B, 6 class C) were randomized ...
Escorsell Angels - - 2002
Prevention of variceal rebleeding is mandatory in cirrhotic patients. We compared the efficacy, safety, and cost of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) versus pharmacologic therapy in preventing variceal rebleeding in patients with advanced cirrhosis. A total of 91 Child-Pugh class B/C cirrhotic patients surviving their first episode of variceal bleeding ...
Venbrux Anthony C - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of transcatheter embolotherapy on pain perception and menstrual cycle in women with chronic pelvic pain caused by the presence of ovarian and pelvic varices (ie, women with pelvic congestion syndrome or pelvic venous incompetence). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July ...
Konishi Yasuhiro - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the risk of recurrence of esophageal varices by evaluating the severity of cardia vascular structures in patients with portal hypertension by EUS with a catheter US probe before endoscopic variceal ligation. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients with esophageal varices at high risk for bleeding were studied. Simultaneous ...
Brandenburger Lisa A. - - 2002
Reducing morbidity and mortality from esophageal varices remains a challenge for physicians managing patients with chronic liver disease. For patients who have never bled from varices, prophylactic therapy with nonselective beta-blockers reduces the risk of initial variceal bleeding and bleeding-related death. Thus, patients with newly diagnosed cirrhosis should be considered ...
Matsui Shigenaga - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in endoscopic treatment methods for upper GI hemorrhage, hemostasis is often difficult to achieve. This study evaluated the usefulness of endoscopic band ligation for upper GI hemorrhage exclusive of hemorrhage from chronic gastroduodenal ulcer and varices. METHODS: This prospective study included 27 patients who underwent endoscopic band ...
Ficarra V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of our experience in correcting primary varicocele using a modified technique of antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 1997 to February 2000, 201 patients with primary varicocele underwent antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy. Before treatment all patients were evaluated by a physical examination, colour Doppler ...
Bowes Leyda E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Prominent tortuous veins of the face and hands may result from the process of aging and constitute a source of distress for many patients. Marked telangiectases of the chest and face are similarly distressing to some patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy for telangiectatic veins ...
Král Vladimír - - 2002
Variceal bleeding is a clinical emergency that may be difficult to treat in some patients, especially those with prehepatic portal hypertension, failed sclerotherapy, and with contraindications to transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. In such patients there are few remaining options. The authors refer to three patients for whom the modified Sugiura ...
Komaki R - - 2002
A prospective randomized study was conducted to determine whether amifostine (Ethyol) reduces the rate of severe esophagitis and hematologic and pulmonary toxicity associated with chemoradiation or improves control of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sixty patients with inoperable stage II or III NSCLC were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Both groups ...
Akahoshi Tomohiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The long-term efficacy and safety of endoscopic injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) were evaluated as the initial treatment for bleeding gastric varices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients with bleeding gastric varices underwent endoscopic injections of Histoacryl for hemostasis over a 10-year period. Histoacryl was injected intravariceally. Among these 52 patients, ...
Iwata Kaoru - - 2002
Background: hepatic functional reserve is determined by the function and number of hepatocytes, as well as hepatic blood flow. In Japan, endoscopic injection sclerotherapy is often performed prophylactically in patients with high-risk esophageal varices. We examined the effects of blocking portosystemic shunts by this treatment on hepatic circulation and hepatocyte ...
Mamede R C M - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to analyze a 37-year historical series of patients who had ingested caustic substances, and who were treated in a teaching hospital, to assess the effectiveness of the therapy administered during this period. We studied 239 patients who ingested caustic soda (NaOH) from 1957 ...
Tomikawa Morimasa - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to examine the overall clinical results of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) for patients with esophageal varices in our institution. METHODS: From January 1982 to May 2001, 2105 patients with esophageal varices were treated with EIS, which included prophylactic injections for patients with risky ...
Wu Justin C Y - - 2002
Variceal hemorrhage accounts for one third of all deaths related to cirrhosis. To date, many modalities of treating variceal bleeding have been devised, including pharmacological therapy. Treatment of variceal hemorrhage includes resuscitation, initial hemostasis, and prevention of complications and recurrent bleeding. Intravenous vasoactive agents such as terlipressin, somatostatin, octreotide, or ...
Frullini Alessandro - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of sclerosing foam in the treatment of varicose veins, to describe the different techniques of foam preparation, and to report the complications of our 3-year experience with this treatment. METHOD: From November 1997 to the end of October 2000, 453 patients were treated with a ...
Gong G Q - - 2001
AIM: Clinical application and potential complication of percutaneous transsplenic varices embolization (PTSVE) of esophageal or gastrio-fundal varices in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with portal vein cancerous thrombosis (PVCT). METHODS: 18 patients with HCC complicated with PVCT and esophageal or gastrio-fundal varices who underwent PTSVE were collected. The rate ...
Narahara Yoshiyuki - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with that of endoscopic sclerotherapy (ES) in the long-term management of patients with cirrhosis after variceal bleeding. Seventy-eight consecutive cirrhotic patients with recent variceal bleeding were randomly allocated to either TIPS (n=38) or ES ...
McCormick P A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Variceal bleeding is a frequent cause of death in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Over the past 40 years a number of new techniques have been introduced to control active variceal haemorrhage. Many randomised controlled trials were performed to evaluate these new therapies. While most have demonstrated efficacy ...
Toyoda H - - 2001
We investigated treatment-induced changes in venous return from the small bowel and small bowel intestinal mucosal injury induced by the treatment of esophageal varices in patients with portal hypertension. A total of 14 patients (age 59.8+/-9.5 years, five women and 9 men) who received prophylactic treatment of esophageal varices between ...
Nilsson S - - 2001
PURPOSE: To study the occurrence of allergy-like reactions at angiography, repeated several times, and, secondly, to evaluate the effect of prophylactic treatment in individuals who had earlier experienced such reactions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients with hypercholesterolaemia, participating in the Probucol Quantitative Regression Swedish Trial (PQRST), underwent ...
Azoulay D - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The place of transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPS) for variceal haemorrhage uncontrolled by sclerotherapy and medical treatment is still undefined. To investigate the outcome of early salvage TIPS for active uncontrolled variceal haemorrhage, and to identify the factors associated with mortality. METHODS: Salvage TIPS was performed in 58 patients ...
Yokota H - - 2001
We studied the chronic effects of 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) on reproductive status of medaka (Oryzias latipes) over two generations of continuous exposure. The exposure study of the parental (F0) medaka was begun on embryos within 24 h postfertilization and continued with monitoring through embryological development, hatching, posthatch survival, growth, sexual differentiation, ...
Eggertsdóttir A V - - 2001
To compare the recurrence rate of acute gastric dilatation with or without volvulus (GDV) after circumcostal gastropexy (CCGP) or gastrocolopexy (GCP) in dogs. A prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled, clinical trial with two groups (A and B). Fifty-four client-owned dogs presented for treatment of GDV. Dogs with acute GDV that ...
Hino S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The time to recurrence of esophageal varices may vary greatly between patients even after the same endoscopic therapy. To clarify the factors which contribute to recurrence after endoscopic treatment, the hemodynamics and morphology of the left gastric vein (LGV) were investigated using color Doppler endoscopic ultrasonography ...
Marie I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess short term and longterm outcome of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), and predictive variables of PM/DM course. METHODS: The medical records of 77 consecutive patients with PM/DM were reviewed. The criteria for PM/DM diagnosis were based upon Bohan and Peter criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients (40%) achieved remission ...
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